ALEXANDER CAMPBELL MEMOIRS, ORIGINAL,
ALEXANDER CAMPBELL MEMOIRS, ORIGINAL,
ALEXANDER CAMPBELL MEMOIRS, ORIGINAL,
CAMBRIDGECAMBRIDGECAMBRIDGECAMBRIDGE

”CAMBRIDGE!”

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ALEXANDER CAMPBELL MEMOIRS, ORIGINAL,

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THE HOME OF
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ISRAELI FLAG WAVING ISRAELWAS 'JESUS' PATRIOTIC?ISRAELI FLAG WAVING ISRAEL
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AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICANIS 'PATRIOTISM' SINFUL?AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN
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Lookup a Word or Passage in the Bible



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ALWAYS Check The SCRIPTURE!
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AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN"WAS PAUL PATRIOTIC?"AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN
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ISRAELI FLAG WAVING ISRAELWAS 'MOSES' PATRIOTIC?ISRAELI FLAG WAVING ISRAEL
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DEAR FRIEND!
PLEASE SEE MASTER HOME PAGE
Before moving on with your studies: PLEASE?
WITH OVER 2,000 IMPORTANT BIBLE CHRISTIAN "GRAPHICS and "LINKS!"
MANY STUDY RESOURCES ALL ON ONE PAGE (you may need later!)
THANK YOU, GOD BLESS, PRAY for US, TELL OTHERS,
PLEASE COME BACK OFTEN!
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    Fellow Christian for Christ!


    Make no mistake about it: 'YOU!' BIBLE-CHRISTIAN! Preacher, Teacher, Pastor, Minister, Counselor, Christian School Teacher, Elder, Deacon, Lay Leader, Singer-Musician, Children-Youth Worker, Political Activist:

    CHRIST IS THE ONLY HOPE FOR THE USA!

    This great Nation is doomed . . . UNLESS WE CHRISTIANS WILL BE that Mighty City Shining on the Hill! The powerful Salt that has regained Savor! (Matt 5:13-14)

    "EXCEPT God build the NATION; . . . they labor in vain to build it! Psalm 127:1

    We at Ministers-Best-Friend.com are retired Ministers, with no goal in life beyond helping all True Ministers of Jesus Christ, do the work of Ministry. God is blessing.

    Our TOP PRIORITY is helping start new Ministries. In 2011 we provided the paperwork for 778 new Churches, Ministries. . ."PER MONTH!" (For "FREE LEGAL PACKET" Church Organization Papers; CLICK HERE!)


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    Fellow-Laborer's For Christ:

    Why did we name our website "Ministers-Best-Friend.com?"

    Because. . . that's what we strive to be . . . the Dedicated, Evangelistic, Bible Minister's absolute BEST MINISTRY FRIEND IN THE WORLD as follows:
      (A) By offering the very best in Christian Study Resources (See right margin menu);
      (B) From several Online Christian Encyclopedias for "Students-N-Scholars";
      (C) The New International Standard Series of Encyclopedias, Dictionaries, Commentaries, Lexicons and much more: SEE EIGHT-VERSION SIDE-by-SIDE "DECATHALOGUE!"
      (D) The Cambridge Theological Seminary offers the Very Best Name in Ministry Credentials;
      (E) Serving 200+ Nations: USA #1, China #2, Russia #3,

    [1] Full-&-Legal Ordination for all phases of Ministry:

      ** Preachers, Teachers, Pastors and Evangelists;
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      ** Singers, Musicians, Praise and Worship Leaders;
      ** Nursery Workers, Jails-Nursing Home Ministries,
      ** All Deacons and Elders NEED to be Ordained!
      ** Every person - having a 'Call to Ministry' needs to be "Ordained to Ministry" - to reap the benefits thereof: In Finances, Influence, Credentials, etc; Online "Free!" Ordination for Bible Believers Only

      For all Ordination needs, please see:
      Ministerial Ordination Process:
    [2] Chaplain's Ordination, Full & Legal, Certified & Registered - can be "Board Certified" - Licensed & Ordained: Online "Free!" Chaplaincy Ordination

    [3] Chaplaincy Training, Certification with Endorsement for Employment: Jail, Hospital, Schools, Courts, Police-Fire Dept: Online "Free!" Chaplaincy Training: Multiple Certifications

    [4] "Doctor of Divinity Title" for Absolute Bible-Believing Preachers, School-Teachers; See: "Free!" Doctor of Divinity

    [5] Two-Year, Four-Year, Master's Programs in "Biblical Studies" for Absolute Bible-Believing Preachers, Bible Teachers; Online "Free!" Degree Programs

    [6] How to Start a New Church or Ministry, Tax-Exempt from the first day, even in your home . . . a Beautiful 33-Page Fill-in-The-Blank packet (With Charter). . .just for a Free-will love Offering; Start-A-Church-Legal Packet

    [7] How to Start an Accredited Bible Institute in your Local Church as an affiliate of Cambridge Theological Seminary (With Charter) - just for a Free-will love Offering; Start a Bible Institute in Your Church

    [8] Free English Lessons for Hispanic/Latinos - Christians Only - College Credit, starts 3rd-4th grade level; [IN PROCESS] Free English Lessons for Hispanic/Latinos

    [9] Need a High School Diploma? Get a genuine Diploma, back-dated to 1977 if needed; Need a High School Diploma?

    [10] Website for your Ministry, free website instruction, for Bible Believers only; Website for your Ministry,

    [11] Home Schooling - not FREE yet . . . but soon will be. . . for Bible Believers only; Home Schooling - not FREE yet

    [12] Licensed Christian Counselors Program: Allows you to charge fees and gain income, for Bible Believers only, Basic Lessons; Free Licensed Christian Counselors

    [13] Full-&-Legal Ordination as "Minister of Music" for all phases of Church Music program: Singers, Musicians, Sound=Technicians, Praise & Worship Leaders, Banners, etc. Online "Free!" Ordination for Ministers of Music

    [14] Doctorate in Music helping magnify your music ministry, for Bible Believers only; Can you use a "Doctoral Degree" in Praise-&-Worship Music?

    [15] "Certified Scholar of the Bible" in several basic categories, where you take an OPEN BIBLE - SELF-ADMINISTERED TEST. Why OPEN BIBLE?

    The goal is NOT to test your MEMORY!!!

      The GOAL is to test your ability to understand the WORD of GOD as you read it!

      All we ask is that you "sign that you did the work yourself." The Credential is Beautiful, and it makes you a "BOARD CERTIFIED FELLOW" of Cambridge Theological Seminary.
    "Certified Scholar of the Bible" Program

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ISRAELI FLAG WAVING ISRAELWAS 'JESUS' PATRIOTIC?ISRAELI FLAG WAVING ISRAEL
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AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICANIS 'PATRIOTISM' SINFUL?AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN
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ISRAELI FLAG WAVING ISRAELWAS ESTHER PATRIOTIC?ISRAELI FLAG WAVING ISRAEL
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CHRISTIAN COALITION VOTER GUIDECHRISTIAN VOTER STARCHRISTIAN VOTER GUIDECHRISTIAN VOTER STARCHRISTIAN CATHOLIC VOTER GUIDE
ALWAYS, ALWAYS, ALWAYS CONSULT "CHRISTIAN VOTER GUIDES!"
Voting Righteousness is God's Command!
(CLICK VOTER LOGO ABOVE)
(Then Click "YOUR STATE" for "YOUR CANDIDATES!")

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BRIEFS: USA PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 2016!
DO you well know the LEADING CANDIDATES?
(CLICK PICTURES for INFO)
[1]SARAH-PALIN-TIME-COVER[2]TED CRUZ OFFICIAL-PORTRAIT[3]RAND PAUL WITH FLAG, POINTING UP photo[4]RICK-SANTORUM-OFFICIAL-PHOTO[5]BEN-CARSON-PHOTO[6]MICHELLE-OBAMA-PHOTO[7]JOE BIDEN-OFFICIAL-PHOTO Flag[8]HILLARY-CLINTON-OFFICIAL-PHOTO Flag
Sarah Palin, Ted Cruz, Dr. Rand Paul, Rick Santorum, Dr. Ben Carson, Michelle Obama! Joe Biden, Hillary!
[1]GOP Queen! [2]Chosen? [3]Libertarian! [4]Dark Horse? [5]Fading Fast? [6]Just Waiting? [7]Surprise? [8]Benghazi?

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BRIEFS: USA PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 2012!
DO you well know the MAJOR PARTICIPANTS?
(CLICK PICTURES for INFO)
[1]BARACK-OBAMA-OFFICIAL-PORTRAIT[2]MICHELLE-OBAMA-PHOTO[3]HILLARY-CLINTON-OFFICIAL-PHOTO.jpg-Flag [4]SARAH-PALIN-TIME-COVER.[5]WILLIAM OWENS[6]PAUL RYAN FLAG PHOTO[7]ann-romney-photo-1.jpg[8]MITT ROMNEY OFFICIAL PHOTO
Barack Obama, Michelle Obama, Joseph Biden, Sarah Palin, Dr. William Owens, Paul Ryan, Anne Romney, W. "Mitt" Romney,
[1]Muslim? [2]Preaching? [3]PRO-GAY? [4]TEA-PARTY! [5]Leading Voice! [6]Mr. Economy? [7]Ideal Mother? [8]Mormon Priest?
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BRIEFS: CURRENT EVENTS! NEWS!
What Can We Learn From The HEADLINES?
(CLICK PICTURES for INFO)
[1]LANCE ARMSTRONG on BICYCLE PHOTO[2]CHEERLEADERS for JESUS and BIBLE VERSES PHOTOS[3]BENGHAZI BURNING AMERICAN EMBASSY PHOTO[4]AMERICAN AMBASSADOR STEVENS DRAGGED THRU STREETS[5]ARAB SPRING, AMERICAN FLAG BURNING PHOTO[6]TIM-TEBOW-JOHN-3-16-PHOTO[7]ORLY TAITZ.jpg[8]TRINITY BROADCASTING LOGO
Lance Armstrong, Christian Cheerleaders, Libya Burning! Ambassador Stevens! Arab Spring! TEBOW! Orly Taitz, Trinity Troubles!
[1]Cheater? [2]Free Speech? [3]Al Qaeda? [4]Islam Peaceful? [5]Obama Policies? [6]Preacher! [7]Birther? [8]TBN Down?
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BRIEFS: CURRENT EVENTS! NEWS!
What Is The Media NOT Telling You?
(CLICK PICTURES for INFO)
[1]DINESH D’SOUZA OFFICIAL PHOTO[2]MICHELLE-OBAMA-PHOTO[3]STACY DASH[4]JACK-SCHAAP-PHOTO.[5]BISHOP-EDDIE-LONG-PHOTO[6] VALERIE JARRETT WITH OBAMA PHOTO[7] HUMA ABEDIN with HILLARY PHOTO[8]COACH JERRY SANDUSKY PHOTO
Dinesh D'Souza, Ms. Obama, Stacy Dash, Jack Schaap, Bishop Long, Obama-Jarrett, Hillary-Huma, Jerry Sandusky
[1]Polygamy? [2]Preaching? [3]Lynched? [4]Pastor Jail? [5]Gay Pastor? [6]Communist? [7]Muslim Advisor? [8]Gay Predator?
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BRIEFS: MUSLIMS COMING TO GET US!
What Is The Media NOT Telling You?
(CLICK PICTURES for INFO)
[1]BARACK-OBAMA-OFFICIAL-PORTRAIT[2]OSAMA-BIN-LADEN-PHOTO[3]MAHMAUD-AHMADINEJAD-PHOTO[4] VALERIE JARRETT OBAMA'S PUPPET MASTER PHOTO[5]HUMA ABEDIN with HILLARY PHOTO[6]BARACK-OBAMA ARABIC WRITING PHOTO[7]BARACK-OBAMA BOWING TO KISSING HAND, SAUDI KING[8]HUMA ABEDIN with MUSLIM HEADRESS PHOTO
Barack Hussein Obama! Osama! Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Valerie Jarrett, Hillary! Obama Muslim? Kiss Saudi Kings! Huma Abedin!
[1]Obama! [2]Osama! [3]Caliphate? [4]Muslim! [5]Hillary Islamic? [6]Muslim? [7]Saudis Worship? [8]Muslim Sisters!
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BRIEFS: MISS AMERICAS' FOR CHRIST:
Beauty Title Winners Standing-Up for Jesus!
(CLICK PICTURES for STORIES)
GRETCHEN-CARLSON-MISS-AMERICA-1989-Crown ERIKA-HAROLD-MISS-AMERICA-2003-CROWN.jpg KIRSTEN-HAGLAND-OFFICIAL-PORTRAIT CARRIE-PREJEAN-PHOTO CARESSA-CAMERON-MISS-AMERICA-2010.jpg TERESA-SCANLAN-MISS-AMERICA 2011 LAURA-KAEPPLER-PHOTO-WITH-CROWN
G. Carlson, Miss A! 2003, Miss A! 2008, C. Prejean, Miss A! 2010, Miss A! 2011, Miss A! 2012
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BRIEFS: AMERICAN CHRISTIAN EDUCATORS:
These Men Founded Christian Universities!
(CLICK PICTURES)
BOB-JONES-SENIOR-PHOTO.jpg ORAL-ROBERTS-PHOTO LEE-ROBERSON-PHOTO JERRY-FALWELL.jpg KENNETH HAGIN SR-PHOTO JACK-HYLES-PHOTO-OLDER ARLIN-HORTON-PHOTO PAT-ROBERTSON-PHOTO.jpg PAUL CHAPPELL-PHOTO.jpg BOB GRAY TEXAS-PHOTO.jpg
B. Jones, O. Roberts, L. Roberson, J. Falwell, K. Hagin, J. Hyles, A. Horton, P. Robertson, P. Chappell, B. Gray,
Bob Jones U, Oral Roberts U, Tenn. Temple, Liberty U, RHEMA! Hyles-Anderson, Pensacola U, Regent U, West Coast, Texas Baptist,
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BRIEFS: AMERICAN CHRISTIAN PASTORS:
These Men Founded Large Churches-Ministries!
(CLICK PICTURES)
T-D-JAKES-OFFICIAL-PHOTO CREFLO-DOLLAR-PHOTO KEN HUTCHERSON BALL CAP PORTRAIT FRED-PRICE-PHOTO.jpg CHARLES-BLAKE-PASTOR" KENNETH-ULMER-PHOTO-Good.png TONY-EVANS-PHOTO
T.D. Jakes, Creflo Dollar, The "HUTCH!", Fred Price, Chas Blake, Ken Ulmer, Tony Evans,
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BRIEFS: AMERICA'S HISPANIC LEADERS!
These Leaders Changing Your World!
(CLICK PICTURES)
MARCO-RUBIO-OFFICIAL-PHOTO.jpg SUSAN-MARTINEZ-OFFICIAL-PHOTO. LUIS-PALAU-PHOTO 
GUILLERMO-MALDONADO-PHOTO.jpg KIMBERLY GUILFOYLE OFFICIAL PHOTO WILFREDO-De-JESUS PHOTO
M. Rubio....S. Martinez...L. Palau...G. Maldonado...K. Guilfoyle...W. de Jesus;
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BRIEFS: AMERICA'S ASIAN-INDIAN LEADERS!
These Leaders Are Changing Your World!
(CLICK PICTURES for STORIES)
dgs-dhinakaran-photo.jpg DINESH D’SOUZA OFFICIAL PHOTO JOSEPH-PRINCE-BOOK-COVER MICHELLE MALKIN OFFICIAL PHOTO NIKKI-HALEY-OFFICIAL-PORTRAIT BOBBY-JINDAL OFFICIAL-PHOTO  Paul dhinakaran-photo.jpg
Dhinakaran Sr...Dinesh D'Souza...Joseph Prince...Michelle Malkin...Nikki Haley...Bobby Jindal...Dhinakaran Jr
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BRIEFS: AFRICAN-AMERICAN FEMALE LEADERS!
These Leaders Are Changing Your World!
(CLICK PICTURES)
SANTITA-JACKSON-PHOTO.jpg GABRIEL-BRIGETTE." STAR PARKER AMY-HOLMES-OFFICIAL-PHOTO JUANITA-BYNUM-PHOTO harris-faulkner-2-pink.jpg ANGELA McGLOWAN OFFICIAL PHOTO KRISTI WATTS OFFICIAL PHOTO MIA LOVE PHOTO
Santita J! G. Brigitte...S. Parker...A. Holmes...J. Bynum...H. Faulkner...A McGlowan...K. Watts...M. Love!
SKULL and BONESSODOMY SHORTENS MALE LIFESPAN BY DECADES!!!SKULL and BONES
SELF-CONFESSED LISTS:
HOMO & PRO-HOMO SODOMITES: PASTORS, MINISTERS, LEADERS
LESBIAN and PRO-LESBIAN PASTORS, CHAPLAINS, LEADERS
(Has YOUR "Spiritual Leader" COME OUT?)
AMERIPEDIA: George Washington on HOMOSEXUALITY
Early Church OUTLAWS HOMOSEXUALITY in Roman Empire!
"DID YOU KNOW?
"EVERY REVIVAL" in the Bible Began by Removing SODOMITES!
1 Kin 14:24, 1 Kin 15:15, 1 Kin 22:6, 2 Kin 23:7,
(OBEDIENCE!...Deut 23:17, NOT PRAYER ... Brings REVIVAL!)
SKULL and BONESSODOMITES: Acceptance is SIN, Approval is BLASPHEMY! SKULL and BONES
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BRIEFS: AMERICANS HOME SCHOOLED!
Did HOME-SCHOOLING Ruin Their Lives?
(CLICK PICTURES for STORIES)
George-Washington-OFFICIAL-PHOTO TERESA-SCANLAN-MISS-AMERICA 2011 THOMAS A EDISON PHOTO TERESA-SCANLAN-MAG-COVER.jpg" TIM TEBOW TEBOWING in JETS UNIFORM PHOTO CARRIE-PREJEAN-PHOTO LINCOLN-BEST-PRESIDENTIAL-PORTRAIT OVAL in SQUARE
G. Washington,...Tersa Scanlan...Thomas Edison..."Miss Home School!"...Tim Tebow...Carrie Prejean...Abe Lincoln
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BRIEFS: MOST LISTENED TO MINISTERS
Wealth-Seekers? Shallow? Heretics? God-Called? God-Blessed?
(CLICK PICTURES)
PAULA-WHITE-PREACHER-PHOTO JOEL-OSTEEN-PORTRAIT-PHOTO JOSEPH-PRINCE-PHOTO-1 RICK-WARREN-TIME-MAG-COVER.jpg T-D-JAKES-OFFICIAL-PHOTO BILLY-GRAHAM-PHOTO.jpg" JOYCE MEYER BEST WHITE PHOTO D-JAMES-KENNEDY-PHOTO TIM TEBOW-PHOTO
Paula White, Joel Osteen, Joe Prince, Rick Warren, T.D. Jakes, Billy Graham, Joyce Meyer, D.J. Kennedy, Tim Tebow!
(See Minister'S MAIN PAGE! 100 Leading Ministers-Churches)
Early Fathers! Reformation! 1st-&-2nd Great Awakenings, Great Study Resources)
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NewtonStein:
Web's Largest "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible Resource;
SCIENCE-DARWIN-JESUS-FISHSCIENCE-DARWIN-JESUS-FISH
ATOM WHIRLINGSCIENCE-HAECKELS-DRAWINGSCIENCE-DARWIN-PORTRAIT.jpgSCIENCE-HAECKELS-DRAWINGATOM WHIRLING
"HAECKEL'S DRAWINGS" FRAUD In SCIENCE!
Haeckel's Imaginary Drawings: 100 Years of Error!
The 40-Year “Piltdown Man Hoax!”
The "Nebraska Man" becomes a "Pig's Tooth!"
10 Scientific Frauds that Rocked the World!
Global Warming Hoax (Hundreds of Articles!)
GRAVITATIONSCIENCE-ATOM-ON-CROSSSCIENCE-PERIODIC-TABLE SCIENCE-ATOM-ON-CROSS GRAVITATION

"GENESIS-1" TRUTH In SCIENCE!

SCIENCE-DARWIN-JESUS-FISHSCIENCE-DARWIN-JESUS-FISH
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Browse Massive Evidence Below:
"AMERICAN DECLARATION of INDEPENDENCE"
Declares USA Recognizes: "SELF-EVIDENT TRUTHS!"
Declaring ALL are "CREATED" equal!
Endowed by Their "CREATOR"
With 'Certain', 'Inalienable', 'Rights';
1776 AMERICAN FLAG 1776 THOMAS-JEFFERSON-DECLARATION-of-INDEPENDENCE1776 AMERICAN FLAG 1776
LINCOLN-SIGNATURE
Statesman Thomas Jefferson
Author, Immortal USA Declaration of Independence'
AMERIPEDIA Thomas Jefferson:
His Personal "TRIBUTE to DECLARATION of INDEPENDENCE
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U.S. Supreme Court Decision:
(Unanimous Decision!) "THIS IS A CHRISTIAN NATION!"
Trinity vs. New York, 143 US 457, 36 L ed 226,
Thomas Jefferson!
"Most Misunderstood" Founding Father!
Some say Non-Christian for REJECTING Christ's Divinity
(He believed like Jehovah's Witnesses: Not Mainstream,... but Christian!)
THOMAS-JEFFERSON-SIGNATURE
However, multitudes of Christians IN ALL AGES, saw
Christ as "PERFECT MAN" ...the "SECOND ADAM" Rom 5:6-16
Worshipping Christ as SAVIOUR, and KING, but not DIVINE! (Arianism)
FACT! President Jefferson STARTED Church in the US Capitol Building!
FACT! He JOINED it the same weekend he wrote SEPARATION CHURCH-STATE letter!
FACT! Jefferson ALLOWED several groups to have Church in the US Capitol!
FACT! He oversaw other Churches in the US TREASURY and SUPREME COURT!
FACT! Jefferson hired MARINE BAND to play each Lord's Day...
FACT! ... And President Jefferson paid them with TAX DOLLARS!
FACT! FEW...WHO EVER LIVED...were better Disciples of Christ than Thomas Jefferson!

For Many More, See this THOMAS JEFFERSON "FACT SHEET!"
Jefferson, Joins, Supports, Leads Church in US Capitol: FOOTNOTES [1-43]
Capitol Church Photos on OFFICIAL US GOV WEBSITE
President James Madison Joined Jefferson's Capitol Church!
Jefferson, Madison Belong to Church in US Capitol: FOOTNOTE [14]
JAMES-MADISON-SIGNATURE
Don't be Fooled By ...
"Willfully Blind", Atheist, Anti-Christian, "Deceived-and-Deceiving" College Professors!
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AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICANTHE USA PHOTO GALLERY AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN
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AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN"WAS PAUL PATRIOTIC?"AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN
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AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICANWAS JESUS PATRIOTIC??AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN
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SKULL and BONES"WIKIPEDIA!"SKULL and BONES

The Greatest Encyclopedia, by Worldly Standards!
The Most Dangerous Encyclopedia, by Christian-Patriotic Standards!
"WIKIPEDIA (WICKED-PEDIA?) WARNING!"
FACT: Wiki Philosophy: ATHEIST, ANTI-CHRISTIAN, ANTI-BIBLE;
FACT: We Recognize Wikipedia's Great Worldly Success . . . BUT
URGE YOU NOT TO TRUST THEIR ANTI-CHRISTIAN BIAS!
Take a Moment and Check How OUTRAGEOUS!
WIKIPEDIA: ANTI-AMERICA, ANTI-BIBLE, ANTI-CHRIST!
WIKI “TRIPLE XXX-RATED For Your CHILDREN!”
WIKIPEDIA FOUNDER JIMMY WALES, CELEBRATED ATHEIST
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"CAMBRIDGE!"
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NOTICE! Wrapping up 2011 . . . NOTICE!
2012: A year of amazing growth! (See moving marquee above).
As such, we are sorry to say that we may have missed someone:
Did We Miss Your Request for info in 2011?
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"CAMBRIDGE!"
CAMBRIDGE THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY!™
"World's Largest Conservative Bible Seminary!"
FREE Doctoral Degree for True Bible Preachers and Teachers!
Do you qualify for a Doctoral Degree in Sacred Music?
"CAMBRIDGE!"
STILL...The GREATEST Name in Education!
A CAMBRIDGE Degree...YOUR Name...YOUR Wall...
WHEN?
DIPLOMA FRAME & MEDALLION
CAP, DIPLOMA WITH BORDEROLD DIPLOMAMAROON DIPLOMA GOLD TASSEL
Do You Qualify for
An Honorary "Doctor of Divinity" from Cambridge Theological Seminary?
If you believe God's Word as Stated Above:
Probably!
(Click for a Free Evaluation!)
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What Is
The WORD of GOD?
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CHRISTIPEDIA™
Statement On The Holy Scriptures;
The ‘LENS’ Through Which 'ALL' Knowledge Is Understood;
THE WORD of GOD, AXIOM-1:
    "IF" there exists any such thing as 'THE WORD OF GOD!' [and ALL evidence proves such does exist:] "THEN" by inherent definition - it must be "GOD-BREATHED!"
      (Holy, Inspired, Inerrant, Infallible, Infinitive, Invincible, Indestructible, Inexhaustible, Intrepid,Inalienable, Immutable, Implacable, Impossible-to-Improve: Indubitable and Indomitable - NEVER FAILING - and ALL CONQUERING: ETERNAL!) DEDUCTING the above from the simple fact: That GOD EQUATES HIS WORD WITH HIMSELF!
        "In the Beginning was the WORD, and the WORD was with God, and the WORD was God, . . ." John 1:1 (and other Scriptures),
    Thus 'GOD'S WORD' can have NO LESSER STANDARD than that stated;


    "GOD'S WORD MUST" THEREFORE BE:
      AS TRUE IN history, archeology, geography, Earth science, medical science, nutrition, gerontology, agriculture, botany, astronomy, physics, chemistry, climatology, government, law, psychology, sociology - AND EVERY TOPIC IT TOUCHES - as in Theology, Divinity and Doctrine:
    And "IF IT BE NOT" - true in ALL subjects mentioned above; and And "IF IT BE NOT"
      Holy, Inspired, Inerrant, Infallible, Infinite, Invincible, Indestructible, Inexhaustible, Intrepid, Inalienable, Immutable, Implacable, Impossible-to-Improve: Indubitable and Indomitable in EVERY FIELD OF KNOWLEDGE:
    "THEN" . . . it cannot be ‘The Eternal and Incomparable Word’ of the Great Creator God!
God's Eternal Guarantee!
"Heaven and Earth Shall Pass Away;
But 'MY WORDS', SHALL NOT, PASS AWAY!"
-- Jesus of Nazareth, "The Messiah!" AD-33 (Matthew 5:18)
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        MEMOIRS

        Of

        ALEXANDER CAMPBELL

        =================

        "RESTORATION LEADER!"

        =================

        EMBRACING A VIEW OF THE ORIGIN,

        PROGRESS AND PRINCIPLES OF

        THE RELIGIOUS REFORMATION WHICH HE ADVOCATED

        ========================

        Originally By ROBERT RICHARDSON

        Annotated by NewtonStein

        VOLUME-I, 1,000 PAGES

        CINCINNATI - STANDARD PUBLISHING COMPANY.

        Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1897, by ROBERT RICHARDSON, In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, for the District of West Virginia.

        MEMOIR WEBPAGES:

        1. http://Ministers-Best-Friend.com/ALEXANDER-CAMPBELL--TOP-100-WEBPAGES-ABOUT-HIM-RESTORATION-MOVEMENT.html
        2. http://Ministers-Best-Friend.com/ALEXANDER-CAMPBELL-MEMOIRS--ORIGINAL--CHAPTER-1a-Pages-1-100.html
        3. http://Ministers-Best-Friend.com/ALEXANDER-CAMPBELL-MEMOIRS--ORIGINAL--CHAPTER-2b-Pages-101-200.html
        4. http://Ministers-Best-Friend.com/ALEXANDER-CAMPBELL-MEMOIRS--ORIGINAL--CHAPTER-3c-Pages-201-300.html
        5. http://Ministers-Best-Friend.com/ALEXANDER-CAMPBELL-MEMOIRS--ORIGINAL--CHAPTER-4d-Pages-301-400.html
        6. http://Ministers-Best-Friend.com/ALEXANDER-CAMPBELL-MEMOIRS--ORIGINAL--CHAPTER-5e-Pages-401-500.html
        7. http://Ministers-Best-Friend.com/ALEXANDER-CAMPBELL-MEMOIRS--ORIGINAL--CHAPTER-6f-Pages-501-600.html
        8. http://Ministers-Best-Friend.com/ALEXANDER-CAMPBELL-MEMOIRS--ORIGINAL--CHAPTER-7g-Pages-601-700.html
        9. http://Ministers-Best-Friend.com/ALEXANDER-CAMPBELL-MEMOIRS--ORIGINAL--CHAPTER-8h-Pages-701-800.html
        10. http://Ministers-Best-Friend.com/ALEXANDER-CAMPBELL-MEMOIRS--ORIGINAL--CHAPTER-9i-Pages-801-900.html
        11. http://Ministers-Best-Friend.com/ALEXANDER-CAMPBELL-MEMOIRS--ORIGINAL-INTRODUCTION-CHAPTER-10j-Pages-901-1000.html
        12. http://Ministers-Best-Friend.com/CHRISTIPEDIA-TM-2-ALEXANDER-CAMPBELL-MEMOIRS--RESEARCHERS-VERSION--1000-PAGES-ALL-ON-ONE-PAGE.html
        13. http://Ministers-Best-Friend.com/ALEXANDER-CAMPBELL-MEMOIRS--INDEX-PAGE.html
        14. http://Ministers-Best-Friend.com/ALEXANDER-CAMPBELL--TOP-100-WEBPAGES-ABOUT-HIM-RESTORATION-MOVEMENT.html


        MEMOIRS

        OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL

        =================

        "RESTORATION LEADER!"

        =================

        EMBRACING A VIEW OF THE ORIGIN,

        PROGRESS AND PRINCIPLES OF

        THE RELIGIOUS REFORMATION WHICH HE ADVOCATED.

        By ROBERT RICHARDSON

        CHAPTER 5 - ORIGINAL PAGES 401-500

        CINCINNATI. STANDARD PUBLISHING COMPANY.

        Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1897, by ROBERT RICHARDSON, In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, for the District of West Virginia.

        ACTUAL PAGES 301-375


        IRONICAL COMPLIMENTS. 301 branches — composition, elocution, pleading at the bar, fen- cing, boxing, polite swearing, music, both vocal and instru- mental, stage-playing, polite blackguai'ding, and many other less important though elegant accomplishments — I left the sacred spot amidst the approving group, with the following reflections : Happy people ! at once the wonder and envy of the world! May I long enjoy the happiness of your pleasing society ! May I imbibe your liberal principles, im- prove by your virtuous example in all the various departments of a truly polite and refined education ; free from the vicious extremes of a morose philosophy, of a too rigid morality, and of an austere and squeamish scrupulosity, so unbecoming the benevolent genius of the Christian religion — all which have a native tendency to freeze the genial current of the soul and spoil the social vivacity and mirth of mankind ! Auspicious omen for the progressive amelioration of society, far and near, by the diffusive influence of the salutiferous example of many well-taught youths returning to intermingle with the various circles of private life ; and, by-and-by, as chance 01 choice may direct, to fill all the important offices in Church and State. But time would fail me to enumerate all the pleas- ing and happifying prospects which such an extensive and liberal education is calculated to produce upon society ; wish- ing you to come and live with us in this truly happy and agreeable part of the country. I am, etc., " Bonus Homo." As some persons not connected with the college had previously proposed to establish a race-course in the vicinity, the following postscript is added to the above letter : " P. S. I was at a loss to inform you whether or not your information was true about the horse-races : I was in town in the evening and inquired after them. I heard that previous to that day it was thought they would not succeed ; they were strenuously opposed ; but the happy effects of the exhi- bition upon the minds of the citizens that day turned the 26 3M MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. publi: opinion, and I heard one gentleman say (who was till then vehemently opposed to horse-racing) that he would now give five dollars to support the races. Such, you see, is the genuine effect of true religion." This exposure created, as might be expected, great indignation on the part of the faculty and some of the friends of the college. Various anonymous articles immediately appeared in defence of the exhibition, and against the aspersions of Bonus Homo. The first of these is from Sarah Hastings, disavowing the author- ship of Bonus Homo, which she says had been imputed to her on account of her being a stranger lately arrived in Washington, and denouncing the article as an "in- direct attempt to crush the rising honor of the infant college, destroy the influence of the respectable faculty — subvert the interests of vital piety — pour contempt on the late revivals of religion, and cast the odium due to this contumacious conduct upon an inoffensive, unpro- tected and unassuming stranger ! ! !" In the same paper a long article from "A Friend to Truth" endeavors to defend the exhibition on the ground "that it is usual in Western seminaries of learning thus to indulge the students and amuse their audience ; that the pieces delivered on these occasions are generally the selections of the young men themselves, and that at such times the students, 'freed from college rules and commonplace-book reason,' feel an elasticity of spirit that laughs at the gravity of discipline, and frequently introduce in the arrangements of those days things which serious propriety would perhaps have omitted." The writer then makes several efforts to repel the ironical compliments of Bonus Homo, admit- ting that he was himself offended at the speech in ridi- cule of the Irish, and concludes by threatening to "in- REJOINDERS OF BONUS HOMO. 303 trude" more of his remarks upon the public if Bonus Homo should still persist in his attempts to injure the institution at Washington by his misstatements and false colorings. In the next paper, 15th October, Bonus Homo replies CO Mrs. Hastings, releasing her from the charge of authorship, insisting upon the correctness of his report, and exposing the futility of her attempt to defend the exhibition. In the Reporter of the 22d, Bonus Homo replies to "A Friend to Truth," showing that the latter really admits the facts stated, and differs from Bonus Homo only in thinking them justifiable. He denies that he is an enemy to literary institutions or to a liberal education, and declares himself an advocate for a reform in the present mode of academic education. With regard to the excuse offered by "A Friend to Truth," that "the pieces, dialogues, etc., on these occa- sions are generally the selections of the young men themselves, and meet with merely a hasty, cursory examination by the faculty," he thus speaks : "' What a stab this, at the institution ! ! ! To declare that the boys are left to do as they please ; to follow the dictates of juvenile fancy — of puerile folly, unrestrained, unchecked by the salutiferous admonition of prudent, experienced age — that the}' are permitted to expose themselves and the faculty, through the indolence of the faculty ! ! ! Name it not ! I am persuaded the faculty do not act so indiscreetly. They must examine, approve and regulate both the matter and the manner of the exhibition, else it would be a scene of confu- sion, an exhibition of all the possible irregularities and eccentricities of human nature." In the conclusion he offers to enter into discussion with "A Friend to Truth" on certain conditions, and engages to show "the impropriety, inconsistency and 304 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL, pernicious tendency of the major fart of the matter and manner of such exhibitions, and the great default in the present mode of education. He also proposes to point out what, in his judgment, and in the judgment of the greatest,, wisest and best of men, would be more desirable, more useful and more beneficial to individuals and the community at large." To this article he ap- pends a long descriptive poem, setting forth, satirically, the distinguishing features of the exhibition. In the next paper, 29th October, the discussion is continued with a weak rejoinder from Sarah Hastings, consisting of mere invective, and with a puerile squib from a new correspondent, who signs himself Bonus Puer. In the issue of the 5th of November, we have a badly-spelled article by a student, dated at Canons- burg, in favor of the exhibition, and also the reply of Bonus Homo to Mrs. Hastings. On the 12th Novem- ber, "A Friend to Truth" appears again upon the stage m an article of two columns, full of abuse and feeble attempts at sarcasm, and declining the discussion offered by Bonus Homo. In the next week's issue, Bonu.-^ Homo renews his onslaught. Qiioting the announce ment of the exercises given in the beginning, he adopts it as his text, and shows that proceeding, as it doubtless did, from the facult}- or some friend of the college, it really admitted everything that he had charged upon the exhibition. Referring to what is said in this notice that "a rich variety of entertainment, suited to the varied tastes of the audience, was presented — the gay and the grave, the young and the old, wise men and fools had each a portion meted out to them" — he thus comments : " What a comprehensive ingenuity, what a prudent for, - sight, what a large assortment of materials does it require 10 SPECIMENS OF EDUCATION. tpS suit an exhibition to the ' varied tastes' of such a motley audience ! What a wonderful exhibition was it, when the old, the young, the gay, the grave, the wise man, the fool, the drunkard, the duelist, the gambler, the swearer and the fop, all found something suited to their respective tastes ! The gay had a pleasant tune and a merry tale suited to their gay taste ; the wise men had but a small portion suited to their taste. I don't remember what it was, except to gather experi- mental knowledge from the exhibition of folly. The fool had a vast portion suited to his taste. The drunkard had the flowing bowl set before him to tantalize his taste, and a jovial drunken song suited to his bacchanalian taste. A duel was fought to gratify the dueler's taste. The gambler groaned under the lash of satire ; and the swearer had some good round oaths suited to his taste. But, in one word, the faculty assures us there was something ' suited to their varied tastes.' * * * * j^ only remains for me to prove that these things are actually taught at the academy, as thei'e is no person who will dare to contradict the honorable faculty, and say these things were not exhibited. "And here let it be carefully noted that Bonus Homo did not say that these were the only things taught in the academy, but that these things tuere taught; and it is as certain that they were the only specimens of education which were ex- hibited that day. On this head, the faculty say that ' the v^arious portions meted out consisted of well-composed pieces, original and selected.' Which of the pifeces presented were original or selected, is not my business to determine. It is certain, however, that the pieces were composed and selected either at the direction and discretion of the faculty, or else the young men were left entirely to follow the dictates of juvenile fancy ; but is it possible to imagine that the learned faculty would invite the public to witness an exhibition of the performance of the youths vmder their care, which would consist in specimens in the selection and preparation of which they would be understood to have had no hand, or which did not meet with their previous approbation .? It is also as certain vou I. — U 26 * 3o6 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL, that sufficient time must have been allowed for the purpose of committing the pieces to memory and for preparatory rehearsals, which could not be done without the tuition of the faculty. Who will then venture to assert, in manifest opposition to the indispensable duties and just claims of the faculty and to the dictates of common sense, that these things were not taught in the college which furnished the matter of a collegiate exhibition? Having thus flainly^ fully and in- controvertibly established my compendious account of the far-famed exhibition from the public declaration of the faculty themselves, it therefore follows that whosoever shall hereafter endeavor to subvert my statements in one single item, must also subvert the faculty's publication, as we both substantially declare the same things." The end to this amusing discussion is found in the Re-porter of 3d of December. 1810. where Bonus Homo gives the finishing stroke to the champion of the faculty, "A Friend to Truth," exposing his per- sonal scurrilities and lampoons, and his misrepresenta- tions of facts and want of critical acumen. Among other things, he notices an imputation of ingratitude by this writer, who had said : '•' I must add abhorrence to that wretched ingratitude which would raise his hajid to destroy his benefactor." To this Bonus Homo replies, '' I imagine he here means the presi- dent. There is to me something mysterious in this allegation, for, in the next sentence, he considers me a person scarcely an inhabitant of the countr3\ Now, I can assure you, sii, and the public, that, till my arrival at Washington, I did not know that such a person existed, so narrow were the bounds of his fame, or so weak was the voice of the hundred-tongued damsel (or perhaps she had been asleep), that his name did never greet my ears. And I can certainly avow that, since my arrival here, I am not conscious of receiving the smallest favoi from that gentleman. Hom then recognize him as my PRELUSIVE DIALECTICS' 307 benefactor? for surely if he be such to me, it must have been previDus to my arrival here, and of course without my know- ledge ; and if so, unless he has entirely forfeited my grati- tude, I hold myself still his grateful beneficiary. But I again aver I never recognized him then, nor, although better ac- quainted with him now, do I consider him in the light cf a benefactor. But even if I had considered him as suc:i, still I hold myself entirely innocent of having acted toward him in any respect that should render me justly liable to the charge of ingratitude. For certainly gratitude itself does not oblige one to acquiesce in the faults and errors of a bene- factor, nor tie up the hands from opposing him in a public station when he acts improperly. I should here distinguish with the famous Roman of old, and say with him, ' As he was my friend, I loved him ; as he was honorable, I revered him ; but as he acted improperly, I blamed him !' Here, then, was gratitude for his benefaction, respect for his dignity, and reproof for his misconduct." He finally closed by renewing his challenge to dis- cuss the subject with any gentleman who would come forward in the proper manner. To this no reply was made, and Bonus Homo remained the undisputed ntiaster of the field. It is said of Samson that, when a lad, the Spirit of the Lord began to move him at times to exercise his gift of physical prowess, '* in the camp of Dan, between Zorah and Eshtaol." Thus, by a natural impulse, was A-lexander Campbell in his youth, led to exercise those 1 emarkable powers of mind for which he became after- ward so distinguished, and in this victory over the faculty of the college he enjoyed a foretaste of his future triumphs. For it was not possible in a small town like Washington, that the authorship of Bonus Homo could remain long in doubt, and the pieces, by common consent, were attributed to the young Irishman JoS MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL, who had arrived, some months before, from Glasgow University. One morning, he happened to be standing in one of the stores, when Mr. Brown, the principal of the college, came in. "Well, Mr. Bonus Homo," said he, " I hope you are well this morning." At this ab- rupt greeting, Alexander blushed deeply, for he was at this time of a very fair complexion, but he managed, in respectfully returning the salutation, to evade the matter without acknowledging himself the author; which, indeed, was quite unnecessary. As to the effect of the exposure made, it was un- doubtedly beneficial to the cause of good order and correct education ; and remained long in remembrance through that region of country as a warning against similar improprieties. Even conceding that the matters involved were of minor importance, the incidents re- lated in this chapter show that Alexander had, as has been well said of Luther, "an inflexible reliance on the conclusions of his own understanding and on the energy of his own will," which striking traits in his character, already thus developed, will be found con-r stantly to display themselves in his future history. In closing this episode in his life, it is pleasing to relate, in connection with it, the following incident: More than thirty years after these occurrences, when Mr. Campbell had attained a high distinction as a writer and a public speaker, he was invited by one of the literary societies of Washington College, to deliver an address. Soon after his arrival at Washington for the purpose. Rev. Mr. Brown, now quite advanced in years, called upon him at his hotel, and after a very cordial greeting and some pleasant conversation, said to him with a smile, and laying his hand upon his knee in his pleasant familiar way, "Mr. Campbell, do you A PLEASANT INTERVIEW. 3<X> remember Bonus Homo?" "Yes," replied Mr. Camp- bell, laughing, "I remember him." "Well," continued Mr. Brown, "Mr. Campbell, you were entirely right in your strictures. There is no doubt that you were per- fectly right. I must admit that we were wrong, and the only excuse I have to offer is, that the circumstances and manners of the time seemed then to us to author- ize a degree of license which would not at present be tolerated. There were then many defects in our sys- tem ; but it seemed impossible to do otherwise. The country was new, and the people unprepared for strict scholastic discipline, so that many things had to be left imperfect, and you were well justified in all your criti- cisms." This was a very pleasant interview to Mr. Campbell, who always cherished a high esteem for Mr. Brown, on account of his many excellent personal qualities and his remarkable zeal in behalf of the in- terests of education, to which he was incessantly de- voted. He was a warm friend to young men, ever solicitous for their advancement, and an ever-active guardian of their interests ; so that the memory of President Brown is held in affectionate regard by many in the West, who enjoyed the benefit of his labors, both at Washington and at Canonsburg, where he was sub- sequently for a long time president of Jefferson College. While the matters above recorded were transpiring, various overtures were made both to Thomas Campbell and to Alexander to induce them to unite with the religious bodies around them. Flattering inducements were held out to Alexander particularly, to enter the ministiy among them, and devote his talents to denomi- national interests. Various proposals were also made to them in regard to the establishment of seminaries. All these offers and earnest solicitations were, however, 31 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. at once declined. Both father and son were unalterabl}; devoted to the great work they had undertaken — to break down the barriers of rehgious partyism, and to restore the Church to its pristine unity — and could not think of abandoning these cherished objects. Alex- ander had said in one of his replies to "A Friend to Truth," when charged by him with seeking, by attack- ing the college, to prepare the way for establishing an academy at Washington: "However honorable and important, in my estimation, a collegiate department may be, I have not the least inclination of devoting myself to that business. I conceive one calling to be enough for one man : I have made my choice, and mean to abide by it. I therefore envy no man's situa- tion, nor covet his employment." He had already con- secrated his life and his abilities to the noblest of human pursuits, and in whatever he might occasionally engage as collateral or subsidiary, nothing could be permitted to interrupt the labors of his appropriate calling. CHAPTER XVI. First Public Attempt — Active Labors — Methodical Training — Application to Synod of Pittsburg — Controversy of Truth and Error. THE "Christian Association," formed for the pur- poses specified in the "Declaration and Address," had occasioned no small stir in religious circles. Many of the people were pleased with the objects in view, and several ministers, personal friends of Thomas Camp- bell, expressed their approbation of the movement, but refrained from taking an active part in it until they could be more assured of its success. Others of the clergy were in doubt, or regarded the project as chi- merical ; but the more knowing ones among them, mindful of the effects of similar efforts to reform, began to take the alarm and to keep a watchful eye upon the progress of affairs. To propositions for Chris- tian union so kindly offered, they could, indeed, make no direct opposition, nor could they fail to realize that a certain degree of respect was due to a society, many of whose members were conspicuous for piety, and possessed of great influence in the community. No minister stood higher, as respected ability and moral and religious worth, than Thomas Campbell. No man in the county of Washington had more influence than Thomas Acheson, whose signature was attached, along with that of Mr. Campbell, to the "Declaration and Address.* He was usually called General Acheson, 3" 312 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. being Lieutenant Colonel Commandant of the Twenty- second Regiment Pennsylvania Militia, and was uni- versally esteemed and actively engaged in everything calculated to promote the public interests. Besides these, there were other influential persons and families, more or less connected with the religious communities around, whose character and standing gave a consider- aole degree of importance to the Association in the estimation of the religious public. At the time of its organization (August i7, 1809), a regular semi-annual meeting of the Society had been appointed for the first Thursday of May and of No- vember ; but, as formerly stated, Thomas Campbell continued to preach, as usual, on every Lord's day, first at private houses and afterward at the meeting- house erected at the cross-roads. Alexander, after his arrival, always attended his father's meetings, and as he had already signified his determination to engage in the proposed reformation, his father, after some time, began to express the wish that he would take some public part in these meetings. From his youthfulness, however, and the fact that he was as yet unaccustomed to public speaking, this was for some time delayed, until at length, in the spring of 1810, his father being about to address a congregation at a private house (Jacob Donaldson's), told him that after preaching he would have a short intermission, and would expect him afterward to address the people. Accordingly, after the meeting was resumed, Alexander arose and spoke for a short time, chiefly, however, in the way of ex- hortation. His father appeared to be much pleased, and at the close of his son's remarks, said, as it were, involuntarily, but loud enough to be heard by those sitting near, " Very well," and then went on to close the FIJiST PUBLIC DISCOURSE. 313 meeting. This was really Alexander's first attempt at speaking ; and although his remarks were brief and not in the usual form of a regular sermon, the result in- spired him with confidence, so that, upon being after- ward urged to prepare and deliver a public discourse, he agreed to do so, and an appointment was made for him for the 15th of July, to address those who chose to assemble, in a grove on the farm of Major Templeton, some eight miles from Washington. The previous labors of Thomas Campbell, and the novelty of the plea urged by the Christian Association, had excited, as before stated, considerable inquiry throughout this region of country. The interest pre- vailing and the expectation which had been created by rumors of the promising abilities possessed by Alex- ander, had drawn together in the grove quite a large assemblage to hear the first discourse of the youthful preacher. He was now in his twenty-second year, still preserving the freshness of complexion and bloom of the cheeks with which he left Ireland ; but he had grown somewhat taller, and his figure was somewhat more developed. When the hour arrived, he rose up with modest dignity, in the temporary stand erected for the occasion, in front of which the audience were seated upon rough planks or upon the grass beneath the shady maples, and, the meeting being opened in the usual form, he took up the New Testament and read, from the close of the seventh chapter of Matthew, the follow- ing passage : " Therefore, whosoever heareth these sayings of mine and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, who built his house upon a rock ; and the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house, and it fell not, for it was founded upon a rock. And every one 27 314 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. that heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them not, I will liken unto a foolish man, who built his house upon the sand ; and the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house, and it fell, and great was the fall of it." Having read thus from the twenty-fourth to the twenty-seventh verses inclusive, he went on, by way of introduction, to speak, first, of the importance of Christ's sayings ; passing, secondly, to a brief notice of the Author of the sermon on the Mount, he, in the third place, called attention to the comprehensiveness of this wonderful discourse of Christ, and, fourthly, to its prac- tical character ; and thence, fifthly, to its simplicity and plainness of style, closing his introduction with some observations on Christ's method of teaching by parables. Entering, then, upon the main subject, in order to evolve the doctrine or lesson taught, he went on to describe the wise man and the foolish man ; first, con- trasting them with each other as to the respects in which they agreed, and, secondly, as to the respects in which they diflTered. He showed that they agreed in three respects: i, in their external privileges, 2, in their employment, 3, in their trials; and likewise that they differed in three respects: i, in their character, 2, in their manner of employment, 3, in the end or result. While treating of these particulars, he took occasion to explain the metaphorical words, house, rock, sand, wind, rain, etc., and having thus led the audience to contemplate the vivid pictures presented in the passage, he proceeded, in his application, to describe, first, the wisdom and blessedness of those who hear Christ's sayings and do them ; and, secondly, the folly and misery of those who hear Christ's sayings and do them not. He then made an application of the whole to the CHARACTERISTIC TRAITS. 3^5 audience before him, closing with an eloquent and appropriate exhortation. In the delivery of this discourse, the trepidation natural in such a case, and observable in the begin- ning, soon disappeared. Anxious to succeed in his first trial, he had taken the pains to write out the ser- mon in full and commit it to memory, so that finding, after he had fairly commenced, and as his clear, ring- ing voice resounded through the grove, that he could command the fixed attention of the audience, he felt encouraged, and was enabled to proceed without em- barassment and with increasing animation to the close. There was, indeed, in the matter of the discourse nothing that was startling from its novelty, as the pas- sage and the subject were familiar. The arrangement, too, was simple, as well as the manner of delivery, which was almost wholly without gesticulation. But there was something in the reverential bearing of the speaker, in the unaflfected simplicity of his manner, in the appropriateness of his expressions, and in the earnest and distinct intonations of his clear and com- manding voice, that seemed to rivet the attention of all upon the thoughts and the pictures he presented. Nor did the discourse itself, in its general features, fail lo indicate that quality in his mind which became after- ward so marked — the power of generalization, and of taking wide and expanded views. Before entering upon the particular lesson of the passage, he must survey, with an enlarged vision, the infinite perfections and authority of the Divine Author, and take a general view of the character of his teaching, and particularly of that of the sermon on the Mount. Having thus prepared the minds of his auditors, and elevated their conceptions to his own lofty stand-point, he could now, il6 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL with the utmost facility and effect, fix their atttntion upon the great truths and practical lessons which were to be impressed upon them. After the audience was dismissed, there seemed to be but one opinion as to the qualifications of the speaker. All seemed to be forcibly struck with what they had heard. The young gazed upon the youth with wonder- ing eyes, while the older members said one to another, in subdued tones, "Why, this is a better preacher than his father !" — a decision which, in view of Thomas Campbell's reputation as a speaker, was one of the highest compliments they could bestow. Both the theme selected for the occasion, indeed, and the sur- rounding circumstances, seemed remarkably appropri- ate, and as if Providence had so arranged them in order to shadow forth the future. It was the determi- nation of the speaker himself to hear the sayings of Christ and do them, and, in now entering upon his career as a religious reformer, to teach both by precept and example that the religious world should no longer follow the commandments and doctrines of men, which rest upon the sandy and unstable basis of opinion, but that they should secure for ftiemselves permanent habi- tations, founded upon the unshaken rock of Divine authority. Nor was it less appropriate that he who was destined to call men away from human plans and systems should deliver his first discourse, not in any sectarian temple or place of worship built by human hands, but in the open air of free America and be- neath the overarching trees which God had planted. The effect of this discourse was very marked, not only upon the people, but upon the speaker himself. With the former, it at once established his reputation, and the members of the Christian Association who MINISTERIAL LABORS. 317 were present were delighted with this powerful acces- sion to their cause, and unanimously agreed to present to the youthful preacher a formal call to the ministry of the Word. Upon himself, the effect was not less deci- sive. He realized, to his great joy, that he had not mistaken his vocation. He felt that in addressing the great congregation upon themes that had impressed his heart from boyhood and brightened the visions of his youth, he was in his proper sphere, and that all the hopes and purposes of his life were destined to be happily fulfilled. From this time his services were in continual requisition, and they were, on his part, most freely rendered, as will be seen when it is stated that in the course of this, his first year, he preached no less than one hundred and six sermons. These were de- livered at the cross-roads ; at Washington, and at Buf- falo — several at Middletown ; some in private houses, and, toward the latter part of the period, a few in the contiguous portions of Ohio, at Steubenville, Cadiz, St. Clairsville, etc. His first discourse, just noticed, was on July 15th. On the following Lord's day, 2 2d, he spoke at the cross-roads, from Gal. iii. 28, 29, upon Christian unity. In his introduction he took a grand, comprehensive view of religion from Adam to Christ; and, in the method of his discourse, went on, i. To point out how and in what respects all believers were one in Christ Jesus ; 2. To consider how their being all one in Christ makes them the seed of Abraham; 3. To make some remaiks on what is implied in being heirs according to the promise ; and, 4. To make some practical inferences. He then considered the particulars under each of these heads ; as, the arguments made use of by the apostle to convince both Jews and Gentiles of their oneness in 27* 3l8 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. every respect under the Christian dispensation, and then the similitudes made use of to represent the one- ness of believers in Christ: i. Members of the same body, 2. Branches of the same vine, 3. Stones of the same building, and, 4. As represented under the emblem of a shepherd and his fold. Having, in like manner, illustrated scripturally the second and third heads, he drew from the whole the practical inferences: "i. If all believers be one in Christ Jesus, what love, what charity, what benevolence, what forbearance ought to be manifested ! 2. How shall we be honored if mem- bers of Christ's body I and, 3. How foolish, vain and absurd are all associations formed for the purpose of cementing men more closely by means of oaths !" add- ing an exhortation to seek this oneness in Christ ; and closing with regrets for the divided state of the Church, and with a brief consideration of the motives for re- joicing in being heirs according to the promise. This sermon also was written out in full and committed to memory before delivery ; and, being on a subject so appropriate to the designs of the Christian Association, was heard by the audience with great satisfaction. On the following Lord's day, the 29th of July, he preached at Washington from Matt. xvi. 26: "For what is a man profited if he shall gain the whole world and lose his own soul ? or what shall a man give in ex- change for his soul?" In the introduction he dwelt generally upon the tendency of mankind to forget their best interests and the value of their souls, and to put a false estimate upon the worth of the world. The method of the discourse was: " i. What are we to understand by the whole world, here supposed to be the object of pursuit — the thing to be gained? 2. Inquire if the gain of the world necessarily implies the loss of SERMON ON FINAL JUDGMENT. 319 the soul. 3. Inquire into the greatness of the loss sus- tained by him who should gain the whole world and lose his own soul. 4. Examine what is necessarily presupposed and implied in so loving the world that it may become the unhappy occasion of losing our souls. 5. Make an appropriate application." This discourse was also written out in full and committed to memory, and was delivered a second time at Buffalo, on the 5th of August. On the 19th of August he preached again at Washington. The minutes of this sermon are as follows : " Revelation xx. 11 : And I saw a great vjhite throne., etc. Introduction, with remarks on the nature and solemnity of judgment in general. Method. — I. Describe the preparations made for judg- ment. 11. The appearance of the Judge. III. The persons to be judged. IV. The manner in which they were judged. V. The subject of trial. The text thus divided: — (i.) "And I saw a great white throne." (2.) "And him who sat on it, from whose face the earth and heaven fled away." (3.) "And the Sea gave up the dead that were in it, and Death and Hell delivered up the dead that were in them, and I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God." (4.) "And the books were opened, and another book was opened, which was the book of life." (5.) "And they were judged, every man according to his works." I. Particulars under Jirst head. — i. The throne — how to be understood. 2. The greatness of it. 3. Its whiteness — emblem of purit}'^ and righteousness. II. Particulars under second head. — The Judge de- scribed. III. Particulars under third head. — What we understand by small and great — the Sea, Death and Hell giving up their dead. IV. Particulars under fourth head. — i. The Book of the law of Nature. 2. The Book of the law of Moses. 3. 320 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. The Book of the law of the Gosjoel. 4. The Book of God's Remembrance. 5. The Book of Conscience. 6. The Book of Life. V. Particulars under fifth head. — The subject of trial ; the works of man. Inferences: — i. The necessity of being well acquainted with the statute-book of Heaven, to know how the trial will go with us. 2. The necessity of being well acquainted with our own , -ioughts, words and actions. 3. A general application of the whole subject. This discourse was also committed to memory, and was delivered a second time at Buffalo on the 26th. The subject of which it treats seems to have been a favorite one with him, and he often dwelt upon it during his subsequent public ministrations; hence, as it was among the earliest, so it was among the latest on which he spoke at the close of his protracted ministry. On the second of September, he preached at the cross-roads, from Genesis v. 22 : "And Enoch walked with God." Introduced by remarks on the life of Enoch. Method. — I. What changes must previously take place a& of indispensable necessity before the walk with God com- mences. 11. Explain the nature and evidences of the walk with God. III. Draw some inferences. I. Particulars under first head. — Man's natural state described — i. His understanding is darkened; 2. His judg ment perverted ; 3. His affections depraved ; 4. His taste vitiated by sin ; so that his desires, his views, his character, his pursuits, are quite opposite to what God requires and loves. The change that takes place is then described. II. Particulars under second head. — The walk with God described. A number of Scriptures cited where the phrase is DELIVERY OF SERMONS. 321 used. The walk with God consists in: (i.) The continual exercise of repentance and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ ; (2.) In an habitual realizing regard to the presence of God ; (3.) In a daily dependence on his word, promises, providence and grace ; (4.) In a careful attendance upon all his ordi- nances ; (5.) In a conscientious obedience to all his com- mandments, without regarding the praise or the censure of men ; (6.) In submission to his providential appointments, and adorning his Gospel with a becoming conversation. III. The advantages derived — God — i. Supplies his wants ; 2. Interposes in his straits ; 3. Meets him in his ordinances — is his guide, companion and friend, and at last receives him to abide with him for ever. Application. — To commence this walk early and to main- tain it closely. This sermon was not committed to memory like the preceding ones ; and though he occasionally afterward wrote out a sermon in full, he, from this time, aban- doned the practice of committing them to memory, depending upon a few notes of the general heads or divisions of the subject. This is the common usage with extemporaneous speakers, as it leaves the mind in greater freedom, and imposes no restraints upon the imagination and the fancy. It was the custom of the eloquent Robert Hall, who used to say that he liked to have such a general outline of his subject, " «5 a chan- nel for his thoughts to Jlow in.''* But even this assistance, Alexander Campbell, after some time, relin- quished, relying altogether on his own recollections of the arrangement of his theme, upon which he had pre- viously meditated, or upon the methodizing power of his own mind at the time of delivery. As many members of the Christian Association lived near Buffalo Creek, it was, about this time, resolved to erect a house of worship there. They accordingly VOL. I. — V 3^i MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. selected a piece of ground on the farm of William Gil- christ, in the valley of Brush Run, about two miles above its junction with Buffalo Creek, as an eligible site for the building which was to be framed. On the farm immediately adjoining there was a saw-mill, and the sons of the proprietor, David Bryant, one of whom, Joseph, was a zealous member of the Association, at once engaged in sawing out the necessary lumber. Meantime, it was agreed to erect a temporary stand near the ground chosen, and Alexander was requested to deliver the first discourse, which he did, standing beneath the shade of a spreading tree. The text he chose for the occasion was, in view of subsequent events, singularly appropriate and prophetic. It was from Job viii. 7: '■'■.Though thy beginning was smalls thy latter end should greatly mcreaseJ'^ In his Intro- duction he illustrated the maxim from the works of nature. Providence and grace, showing how small the seeds of things, and how apparently insignificant the sources of mighty streams and the causes of the most important revolutions. His "Method" then was to treat, first, of what is meant by the beginning; secondly, of what is meant by the increase; thirdly, to consider how we ought to act that from small beginnings the end may greatly increase. Under the first head, the "begin- ning" was understood and explained of temporal, spirit- ual and church affairs ; and under the second, the " increase" was illustrated in the augmentation of the same species, the spread of truth, etc. From the whole, rules were deduced for direction as to how we are to manage that, from small beginnings, the latter end may greatly increase. This discourse was delivered on September 16, 1810, and was often referred to in subsequent years by those who had heard it, when the COMPOSITION OF SERMONS. 323 rapid spread of the principles of the reformation fur- nished for the text a striking application. On the following Lord's day (September 23d), four days previous to the college exhibition on which he commented in the Reporter (as related in the last chapter) under the pseudonym of Bonus Homo, he spoke twice in Washington — the first sermon being from Numbers xii. 10, and the second from Luke x. 41, 42. And again, on the first day of the following week (30th of September), he preached at Buffalo from Romans iii. 28. Of these discourses, according to custom, he pre- served copious minutes, of which want of space here forbids the insertion, enough having been already given to show the careful training to which his mind was subjected in the preparation of sermons during the earl}' period of his ministry. For the adoption of this strict and careful method he was much indebted to the in- structions and careful criticisms of his father, who had been educated according to the strict rules of the Scotch Seceder clergy, and who could never be satisfied with a sermon unless it was composed and arranged accord- ing to rule. The rules, indeed, were very proper, being founded upon correct principles, both of logic and of rhetoric, which were already familiar to Alex- ander, and readily reduced to practice. It became, accordingly, almost an invariable custom with the father and the son, after having heard each other's discourses, to examine and test them upon their return home by the established rules. It was always a special point with Thomas Campbell to ascertain, first, whether or liot the division of the subject had been such as to exhaust it; and, secondly, whether or not the views or doctrines delivered were truly those of the text, taken in its proper connection with what preceded and what fol- ^24 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. lowed it. He would admit of no fanciful interpretations or far-fetched applications, but desired constantly that the discourse should be strictly confined within the range of the ideas presented in the passage. In regard to this point, he differed greatl}^ from many of his fellow- ministers among the Seceders and other parties, who often wandered widely from the text, and made it rather a viotto for some speculation of their own, than a Scrip- ture theme to be discussed and enforced. About this time an event occurred which had con- siderable influence in determining the progress of affairs. It had become for some time evident to Thomas Camp- bell that the reformatory movement of which, by unani- mous consent, he still retained the entire direction, was not extending itself as he had hoped. The arguments and entreaties of the "Declaration and Address" seemed to have fallen upon dull ears. His overtures appeared to meet with but little response, and no effort was known to be making anywhere to form, as proposed, societies auxiliary to the Christian Association. On the other hand, the Association itself seemed to be insensibly assuming a somewhat different character from the one originally contemplated, and, under the regular minis- trations of Alexander and himself, to be gradually taking the position of a distinct religious body. This was a matter which occasioned Thomas Campbell great uneasiness ; though it was but a natural consequence of the antagonism which existed, of necessity, between the Society and all the religious parties, since its avowed object was to put an end to partyism. The idea that he should, after all, be the means of creating a new party was most abhorrent to the mind of Thomas Campbell ; and as he began to realize more and more the probability of such a result, he felt the more dis- FEARS OF A NEW PARTY. 325 posed to adopt any measures consistent with his princi- ples by which it could be avoided. It was while he was contemplating the progress of affairs from this point of view, that he was very earnestly solicited, both by private members and by some of the ministers of the Presbyterian Church, to form an ecclesiastical union with them. This was urged upon him especially by Rev. Mr. Anderson, then pastor of the congregation at Upper Buffalo, who was warmly attached to Mr. Camp- bell personally, and who expressed his confidence that the Presbytery generally would willingly receive him and the members of the Christian Association upon the principles they advocated, as all of them professed their belief in the doctrines of the Westminster Confession. This, indeed, was true, with the exception that Thomas Campbell objected to the chapter conferring power upon the clergy ; and that a few members doubted, and others denied, the validity of infant baptism, though they all- seemed willing to make this a matter of for- bearance. Influenced, accordingly, by these solicita- tions, and a strong desire to avoid even the appearance of forming a new party, Thomas Campbell finally con- cluded to propose at least the matter to the Presbyterian Synod which was soon to assemble at Washington. His previous ill-treatment by the Secession Presby- tery and Synod, and their refusal to tolerate the liberal views he advocated, had not discouraged him. In the exercise of that charity that "beareth all things," and •'believeth all things," he also "hoped all things," trust- ing that his former ministerial associates would yet see their error ; and, in the fullness of the convictions which rested upon his own mind as to the all-sufficiency of the Divine basis of union which he proposed, fondly thinking that the educated and intelligent ministers of 28 326 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL, the Presbyterian Church might be induced to accept his overture, and co-operate with him in a work so desirable as that of uniting all in one common brother- hood. It could, at least, he thought, do no harm to propose the matter. As he had labored in the Old World to bring about a union between two of the branches of the Presbyterian Church, the Burghers and Anti-Burghers, he felt that now, from the higher religious stand-point to which he had attained, it would be a privilege to plead, before one of the high courts of the ecclesiastical body which in America was the repre sentative of the mother Kirk of Scotland, the cause of a universal Christian union. In so doing, he would, at all events, deliver his own soul; relieve himself from responsibility, and prove whether the sympathy shown him by his Presbyterian friends, really proceeded from their appreciation of the justness of his cause, or merely from their sectarian hostility and rivalry in relation to the Seceders. It should be stated here, however, that Alexander, who held somewhat different views from those of his father in regard to the spirit of Presby- terianism, neither approved the measure nor antici- pated any favorable results ; but, under existing circum- stances, he did not think it proper to make any direct opposition to his father's wishes. It was on the second day of October that the Synod met at Washington, and the Rev. Samuel Ralston, who had been Moderator at the previous meeting, opened the session with a sermon. The Synod was termed the "Synod of Pittsburg," and was composed of the Presbyteries of Erie, Hartford, Lancaster, Red- stone, Ohio, etc.* The following account of the pro- * The representatives of the Redstone Presbytery were — Dr. James Power, Samuel Porter, Jacob Jennings, William Speare, William Swan, F. Laird. STNOD OF PITTSBURG. 3*7 ceedings in the case is taken from the published min- utes in the records of the Synod, as approved by the General Assembly, Eliphalet Nott being Moderator, May 21, 1811. On the third day of the meeting, October 4, 1810, afternoon session, the following entry appears : " Synod met pursuant to adjournment. Mr. Thomas Camp- bell, formerly a minister of the Associate Synod, now repre- senting himself as in some relation to a Society called the ' Christian Association of Washington,' applied to the Synod to be taken into Christian and ministerial communion. " After hearing Mr. Campbell at length, and his answers to various questions proposed to him, the Synod unanimously resolved, that however specious the plan of the Christian Association and however seducing its professions, as experi- ence of the effects of similar projects in other parts has evinced their baleful tendency and destructive operations on the whole interests of religion by promoting divisions instead of union, by degrading the ministerial character, by providing free admission to any errors in doctrine, and to any corrup- tions in discipline, whilst a nominal approbation of the Scriptures as the only standard of truth may be professed, the Synod are constrained to disapprove the plan and its native effects. " And further, for the above and many other important reasons, it was resolved, that Mr. Campbell's request to be received into ministerial and Christian communion cannot be granted. " Ml. Campbell requested to have a copy of the Synod'.' decision in his case. The Synod agreed to grant his request, and the clerk was ordered to furnish him with a copy. * * James Adams, William Wiley, James Grahame, J. Guthrie and Thoma.« Hunt. From the Presbytery of Ohio were present — Rev. John McMillan, James Duniap, Joseph Patterson, James Hughs, Thomas Marquis, Boyd Mercer, Samuel Ralston, William Wood, John Anderson, Andrew Given Matthew Brown, Joseph Anderson. George Scott, etc. 3^8 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. '' Session of Friday, October 5, at 3 o'clock P. M. Synod met agreeably to adjournment, etc. " Mr. Thomas Campbell appeared in Synod and asked an explanation of what those ' important reasons' are, mentioned in a former minute respecting him, for which the Synod can- not receive him into Christian and ministerial communion. On motion, resolved that Mr. Campbell shall be furnished with an answer to his request before the rising of the Synod. The Synod agreed to return the following answer to Mr. Campbell's inquiry, viz. : It was not for any immorality in practice, but, in addition to the reasons before assigned, for expressing his belief that there are some opinions taught in our Confession of Faith which are not founded in the Bible, and avoiding to designate them ; for declaring that the ad- ministration of baptism to infants is not authorized by scrip- tural precept or example, and is a matter of indifference, yet administering that ordinance while holding such an opinion ; for encouraging or countenancing his son to preach the gospel without any regular authority ; for opposing creeds and confessions as injurious to the interests of religion ; and, also, because it is not consistent with the regulations of the Presbyterian Church that Synod should form a connection with any ministers, churches or associations ; that the Synod deemed it improper to grant his request. " On reading the above to Mr. Campbell, he denied having said that infant baptism was a matter of indifference, and declared that he admitted many truths drawn by fair induc- tion from the Word of God ; acknowledged that he opposed creeds and confessions when they contained anything not expressly contained in the Bible ; that he believes there are some things in our Confession of Faith not expressly revealed in the Bible. He also declared that he felt himself quite relieved from the apprehension which he at first had with respect to his moral character." There are several points in regard to this so»rtewhat curious affair that deserve notice. Thomas Camp>^ell UNION ON CHRISTIAN PRINCIPLES. 329 appears to have made the application as, impliedly at least, the representative of the Christian Association, and it seems to have been so undei'stood by the Synod, from what is said in their reply, that "it is not consis- tent with the regulations of the Presbyterian Church that Synod should make a connection with any minis- ters, churches, or associations." It appears also thai Mr. Campbell laid before the Synod a full and candid statement of the plan and purposes of the Society, as these, in their reply, constitute the principal ground of objection ; and that there was no indication given of a disposition, on the part of the Society, to abandon these purposes, the proposition being in effect that the Pres- byterian body would afford shelter and give its coun- tenance and support to the proposed reformation. In his address before the Synod, Mr. Campbell was care- ful to define clearly the position which the Society occupied, and to state that it was not a Church, but simply a society organized for the promotion of Chris- tian unity. He humbly and earnestly proposed to the Synod to be obedient to it in all things that the gospel and law of Christ inculcated, only desiring to be per- mitted to advocate that sacred unity which Christ and his apostles expressly enjoined ; or, in other words, that the Synod would consent to "Christian union upon Christian principles." It was not, then, an offer on the part of Thomas Campbell or those connected with him, to unite with the Synod on Presbyterian principles. It was not an offer to join the Presbyterian party as such. Had they been willing to do this, and to become Pres- byterians in a denominational sense, they would have been most gladly welcomed. But the Society had no idea of thus losing its identity or relinquishing its aims. On the contrary, it desired to continue its labors 28 * 330 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. under the auspices of the Presbyterian Church, with which its members proposed to have, in the mean time, ministerial and Christian communion. This seemed to them desirable on several accounts. For, as the Society was not a Church, having distinctly disavowed this character in the "Declaration and Ad- dress," most of its members, in attendance on the public ministrations of Thomas Campbell and his son Alex- ander, were deprived of various privileges which be- longed to the church relation. Thomas Campbell him- self belonged to no sect, having left the Seceders, though in doing so, he by no means considered himself as renouncing his ministerial character or rights. Most of those who had been in connection with the parties around, felt that this connection was virtually dissolved by their long absence from their places in the congrega- tions ; and there were some members of the Society who had never been united religiously with any party. It was hence evident that the Society must obtain ad- mission into some regularl}' organized religious body, or be itself compelled to change its attitude and resolve itself into an independent Church — an alternative which Thomas Campbell particularly desired to avoid. It was this very dread of the ultimate formation of a new religious body, that caused him to overlook the absurd- ity of expecting that any sect would receive him and the Society he represented, on the terms proposed. For a party to have admitted into its bosom those who were avowedly bent on the destruction of partyism, would of course have been perfectly suicidal. It would have been only to repeat in another form, and with a full knowledge of the object in view, the story of the wooden horse of Troy, and to have the gates of its well-walled ecclesiastical city thrown open to its ene- SECTARIAN PRETEXTS. 331 mies. It cannot reasonably be denied, therefore, that the Presbyterian Synod, in rejecting the application, manifested very much of the wisdom of the serpent. From the Christian stand-point, however, its course displayed a marvelous lack, not only of the qualities of the dove, but of the wisdom that cometh from on higb. In reality, the application of Thomas Campbell was a high compliment to the supposed liberality and the assumed purposes of the Presbyterian organization, and the candid and kind manner in which the proposition was made, as well as the excellent character of the applicant, ought to have secured, in the reply at least, some few words of courteous recognition. But the terms of the reply, in the first instance, were curt, harsh, and in one place so ambiguous that Mr. Camp- bell was compelled, from a sense of duty to himself, to appear again before the Synod, to ask for an explana- tion of the phrase "many other important reasons," by which the Synod attempted to justify its action — an expression so indefinite as obviously to allow, if not to invite, the very worst construction. And in their ex- planation, the Rev. Synod, in searching for these "im- portant reasons," finds one of them in the frivolous pretext that Alexander had been allowed to exercise his gift of public speaking, as it says, "without any regular authority," or before ordination — a liberty taken by both Knox and Calvin, and one often accorded tc theological students. It condescends, also, in other alleged reasons, to misrepresent Mr. Campbell's views, and to give its sanction and authority to unfounded rumors, as if they had been admitted matters of fact. In all this, how- ever, it was sectarianism that spoke, in the exercise of that self-sufficient, narrow and despotic spirit which seems inherent in all legislative religious bodies. 332 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. On the other hand, on the principles professed by the Synod, it does not appear how they could legitimately reject the application. The Confession of Faith of the Synod declared the Bible to be the only rule of faith and practice, and yet when a respectable body of re- ligious persons apply for admission, they are ru*led out, because they will have no other rule than the Bible I They are rejected for adhering to the "only ni»le" admitted to be infallible, and for presuming to doubt the infallibility of the Westminster Confession ! — Re- jected, not for any violation of the "only rule," but because they cannot admit that a human creed or con- fession is in reality the "only rule !" How completely this verified the remark made by Mr. Campbell in his "Declaration and Address," "That a book adopted by any part}' as its standard for all matters of doctrine, worship, discipline and government, must be considered as the Bible of that party !" And how evident it is that, in the sectarian world, there are just as many different Bibles as there are different and authoritative explana- tions of the Bible, called creeds and confessions I In the case of Thomas Campbell it was the "Confession," and not the Bible, that was made the standard by which one of the best of men was denied religious fellowship. No principles, however true ; no individual, however pious, could be admitted, i'f the safety of the party would be thereby endangered. The sect, with all its machinery, must, at all hazards, be preserved. It could permit no change, it could endure no reformation, but must remain a sect to the end of time ! Before closing this notice of the proceedings of the Synod, it may be well to remark that, as the article of Bonus Homo, exposing the improprieties which had been permitted at the commencement of Washington CONFIDENCE IN TRUTH. 333 College, appeared in the Reforter on the very day of the assembling of the Synod, it might be supposed that the action of the Synod was, in part, due to feelings of irritation. If, however, such feelings could be at all supposed to influence so respectable a body of divines^ it does not appear that the authorship of Bonus Homo was, at that time, sufficiently known to give such a direction to them as to occasion the rejection of Mr. Campbell's application. It is true, that in reversing what was the Divine rule under the Jewish institution, of visiting the iniquities of the fathers upon the chil- dren, the Synod made Alexander's preaching, for the three months previous, one of their "important reasons" for rejecting his father's application, and in so doing might appear to have some special reason for mention- ing and singling out the 3'^outh as a particular mark for censure. Still, as its action admits of satisfactory explanation upon the well-known principles that govern religious parties, it is not necessary to suppose the exist- ence of influences merely temporary and personal. As for Thomas Campbell, he had now gained addi- tional insight into the mysteries of sectarianism, and could better appreciate the sagacity with which his son had anticipated the results of his application. Finding that all his overtures for Christian union were rejected, and all his efforts to induce the religious parties to accept the Bible as the only basis of union had proved abortive, he now felt himself like a waif dropped upon the surface of religious society, unsought and unclaimed. He did not, however, on this account, lose for a mo- ment his equanimit}' or his confidence in the principles which he advocated ; and, as according to the ancient law, all unclaimed waifs belonged to the king^ he felt that he truly belonged to the King of kings, and that, 334 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. however his principles or his efforts might be disre- garded by men, his labors were in perfect harmony with the revealed will of that glorious Being whom he delighted to serve, and that they could not fail to be, therefore, acceptable in His sight. He cherished no unkind feelings in relation to the action of the Synod m his case, and did not think it expedient to take any public notice of the allegations in the Synod's reply. He was so much opposed to religious controversy, and so much in hope that his plea for Christian union would be accepted by the religious parties without debate, that he had, in the " Declaration and Address," entirely precluded himself and the Association from engaging in any oral discussion upon the subject, merely propos- ing to answer, in writing, any respectful written com- munications. There was one member, however, of the Society who had joined it after the adoption of the " Declara- tion and Address," who took a different view both of the propriety and the necessity of religious controversy, and who was not disposed to allow the aspersions and misrepresentations of the Synod of Pittsburg to pass without a suitable exposure. Alexander Campbell, though but a youth, and as yet a novice in the field of polemics, was not of a spirit tamely to submit to the proceedings of the Synod in relation to his father and the Christian Association, and he resolved to avail himself of the first favorable opportunity to review them publicly. He felt that this duty rested upon him, his father being inhibited by his published Declaration, and no other member of the Society seeming disposed to take upon him this office. Thus the youthful cham- pion was left to meet, by himself, the formidable array of reverend clergymen and doctors of divinity that DEFENCE OF THE SOCIETY. 335 composed the Synod of Pittsburg, as the son of Manoah was left by the Israelites to encounter alone the hosts of the Philistines. As the semi-annual meeting of the Christian Associa- tion happened to be near at hand, he concluded to avail himself of it, as affording the most suitable public opportunity for his purpose. In this the Association acquiesced, as the course of the Synod had given rise to various misapprehensions, and it was deemed desir- able to bring the nature and objects of the Society more prominently before the people. The following adver- tisement was accordingly inserted in the Reporter on the 22d and 29th of October, 1810, a few days after the meeting of the Synod : " The Christian Association of Washington holds its semi- annual meeting at Washington on Thursday, the first of No- vember next, at II o'clock. There will be delivered upon that occasion by Alexander Campbell, V. D. S.,* an appro- priate discourse illustrative of the principles and design of the Association, and for the purpose of obviating certain mistakes and objections which ignorance or willful opposition has attached to the humble and well-meant attempts of the Society to promote a thorough scriptural reformation, as testified in their address to the friends and lovers of peace and truth throughout all the Churches." * * * * At the time appointed, Alexander »ldressed a large assemblage from Isaiah Ivii. 14, and Ixii. 10. As this * In renouncing the title " Reverend" as an improper designation for a preacher, it being applied in Scripture to the name of the Divine Being, Thomas Campbell continued for some time to annex occasionally to his name the initials V. D. M., representing the words Verbi Divini Minister, or " Minister of the Word of God," as indicating the position to which, in Divine Providence, he felt himself called. In the advertisement above, Alexander, either to attract a little more attention, or as an offset to the D.D.'s of the reverend Synod, chose to indicate his office by the initials of the words Verbi Divini Servus, " Servant of the Word of God." 33^ MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. discourse reveals the views which he at this time held in relation to some important points, as well as the objects then proposed, an abstract of it is here given. He introduced his subject thus : "As the benighted traveler at midnight's dreary hour is consoled with the hope of day's return ; as the husbandman, when frigid winter's icy hands congeal the plains, is cheered by the hope of spring ; as the septennial captive rejoices in the expectation of the iiour of freedom, so the Bible-illumined Christian, in the dismal season of Zion's tribulation, exults in the firm persuasion that the promise of her deliverance will be fulfilled, and that the happy hour will speedily arrive when God will favor her, make her ' a praise in the midst of the earth,' and shall cause her ' righteousness to go forth as brightness, and her salvation as a lamp that burneth.* Aided by the light of Divine revelation, and encouraged by the faithfulness of God, we are enabled to expect, and with joy anticipate, a happy season, when the 'heathen' shall be given to King Jesus *• for his inheritance,' and ' the uttermost parts of the earth for his possession ;' when ' the Gentiles shall see Zion's righteousness, and all kings her glory.' Even in this misty day, when the love of many waxeth cold ; when vile corruptions have stained the professed Church of God ; when animosities and angry controversy, discord and division have tarnished the sacred name of Christian ; when the eccle- siastical hireling lifts up his voice in the sanctuary, saying, ' What will vou give me ?' when many shepherds have fleeced their flocks and then scattered them on the mountains, — even in this portentous day, we are warranted to expect that the Lord will soon revive his work, and are encouraged, by the kind prophecy of God, to hope that the day, is not far hence when the stumbling-block shall be removed out of the way of the people ; when the Canaanite shall not be found within Jerusalem's hallowed walls ; when buyers and sellers shall be scourged out of the temple, and when angry discord shall no more alienate the sons of God." CHURCH REFORMATION. 337 Continuing his introductory remarks, he spoke, first, of the gracious design of prophecy, and its influence upon the mind ; secondly, of the design of the predic- tion under consideration ; and, thirdly, of the things to which these predictions chiefly referred. In the fourth place, he showed that the state of the Jews and the providence of God toward them corresponded remark- ably with the present state of the Church and the provi- dence of God toward it; that, in both cases, there was to be a great revival — that the same prophecy which announced the glorious end, declared also that previously there should be fit persons raised up to main- tain the Lord's cause — the cause of Zion. " I have set watchmen upon thy walls, O Jerusalem, which shall never hold their peace, day nor night." Isaiah Ixii. 6. " Ye that make mention of the Lord, keep not silence, and give him no rest till he establish and till he make Jerusalem a praise in the earth." In this connection, after showing how much had been done since the French Revolution to arouse the people to a true sense of civil and religious liberty, and to spread the Gospel over the world, he continues as follows : " But time forbids us to enumerate the many noble exertions that have been made, and are at this day making, for the con- version of the heathen. Rapid progress is making in the trans- lation of the Scriptures into every language under heaven, so that they shall soon be read in every language and in every tongue. In the mean time, the work is in its infancy. It is well, how- ever, that it is begun, be it within or without the Church. Reformation is also begun within the Church, and the labors of those who have been engaged in this work have not been in vain. Many within these last sixteen years, both by writ- ing and preaching, have been engaged in the arduous work ; •nany are crying day and night, and are determined to ' give V07. I. — W 29 33^ MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. God no rest till he make Zion a praise in the midst of the earth.' Not long since, an humble attempt has been made here, where, indeed, the enemy, the demon of divisions and delusions, raging and tearing like an impetuous flood, seemed to carry all before it. Even here has the Lord's banner been displayed in behalf of truth, in an humble and unanswerable expostulation upon the evils of division, accompanied bv an irrefutable detection of their evil causes, and an overtu*e for union in truth amongst all the friends and lovers of tiuth throughout the churches. (See Address, p. 19.) The recep- tion this attempt has experienced has evinced its origin. It has met the approbation of no party as such. Had it fared otherwise, it would have evinced itself not catholic, original and pure, for no party can, with any show of decency, pre- tend to these properties and yet refuse to be measured by the pure, original and catholic standard of the Holy Scriptures. They will only submit to be tried by their own standards ; that is, in other words, by their own opinions, as if the word had no certain, fixed or express meaning of its own, but just what they are pleased to give it." After dwelling on these and several other introductory points, he went on to discuss the subject, first " considering the duties inculcated in the figures presented in the text ; sec- ondly, showing that the performance of these duties had been attempted under the auspices of the ^ Christian Association ;' and, in the third place, endeavoring to obviate some feigned and plausible objections that ignorance or willful opposition had made." He then makes a proper division of the text, and goes on to elucidate the difierent heads. I. "Go through, go through the gates," is shown "to be spoken in reference to the situation of the persons addres'^ed, who were in the midst of Babylon. It is necessary that they should remove hence ere they could come to Zion. Hence separation from Babylon is the first duty inculcated in the natui-al order of the text. Refer to 2 Cor. vi. 17 ; Rev. xviii.'' 4. He then showed " what was meant by Babylon in the New Testament sense and the indispensable necessity of removmg THE WAT OF HOLINESS. 339 from it, I. For our own sakes, in compliance with God's commands ; and, 2. For the sake of others, in the work of reformation." 2. Under the second division, " Prepare the way, * » * take up the stumbling-block out of the way of my people, * * * cast up the highway, gather out the stones," he went on to observe that '* various figures are employed to illustrate the preparation of the way here intended, and that various things have always been necessary in preparing the way for a general, permanent reformation. Previous to the establishment of the Christian religion, a messenger was sent to say. Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make straight in the desert a highway for our God ; every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain shall be made low, and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places smooth." 3. He then applied the expressions " cast up the highway," etc., as now " equivalent to ' disencumber the Scriptures from the traditions of men, and exhibit them in a simple and per- spicuous manner,' as they are the only authorized highway from Babylon to Zion, or from this world to heaven. Of it Isaiah (xxxv. 8, 9) says, 'And a highway shall be there, and a way, and it shall be called the way of holiness ; the unclean shall not pass over it, but it shall be for those : the wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err therein. No lion shall be there, nor any ravenous beast shall go up thereon, it shall not be found there ; but the redeemed shall walk there. And the ransomed of the Lord shall return, and come to Zion with songs and everlasting joy upon their heads.' " There have been other ways found out by men, but none of them were broad enough to hold every traveler to Zion. They were by-roads appropriated to their owners, but not like the king's high-road, that suffered every man who was a lawful, well-behaved subject to pass unmolested." 4. He then shows that " the persons who should be instru- mental in making this reformation are commanded to repair this established road and direct the people to it ; to stand and cry (Jer. vi. 16) : 'Thus saith the Lord, stand ye in the ways 34° MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. and see and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein and ye shall find rest for your souls.' It is only by walking in this way that rest can be obtained ; and what is this w^ay? Do not the Scriptures of truth furnish the only established law or way for Christians, whether in an individual or church capacity, to walk to heaven in ? To the law and to the testimony. Psalm cxix. 105 : ' Thy word is a lamp unto my feet and a light unto my path.' It is sufficient for every purpose and for every work. 2 Tim. iii. 16, 17: ' All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profit- able for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness ; that the man of God may be perfect, tho- '■oughly furnished unto all good works.' It is also said, Psalm xix. 7i 8, 9 : ' The law of the Loi'd is perfect, converting the soul ; the testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple. The statutes of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart ; the commandment of the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes ; the fear of the Lord is clean, enduring for ever ; the judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.' In harmony with these teachings, the apostle commands Christians and the preachers of the gospel to hold fast the ' form of sound words, which,' says he, ' ye have heard of me.' The sects have all, in a good degree at least, held fast the substance, but none of them the form, and yet Paul com- mands Timothy to hold fast the form, and also ' to commit those things to faithful men, who should be able to teach others also ;' and he declares that ' if any man teach other- wise and consent not to wholesome words, even the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which is according to godliness, he is proud, knowing nothing,' etc. All the sects have been strenuously contending for their own con- fessions, but none of them for the faith once delivered to the saints in the form in which it was delivered. "5. The next figure of expression made use of for instruct- ing us in the necessary preparation of the way is, ' take up the stumbling-block from the way of my people.' This stumbling-block and the stones that were to be gathered out OBSTACLES TO UNITY. 341 jf the way are understood to denote whatever causes God's people to stumble on their way Zionward ; whatever prevents them fronm conforming to the Word of God in all things ; whatever prevents them from enjoying all the privileges of the dispensation under which we live. These hinderances are then shown to be human opinions and inventions of men, and the way in which they thus hinder is explained." In explaining the figure, '' lift up a standard for the people," it is shown, " i. That the standard is the testimony of Jesus Christ, which is the spirit of prophecy. 2. That other testi- monies have in vain been lifted up for this purpose. That standards had been lifted up which nan'owed the gates of Zion, so that only a few of a certain height and breadth could have admission, and there were none of them but would reject those whom God has not rejected, and deny admission to those whom God had admitted. All are defec- tive. The apostle Paul, the angel Gabriel in human form, could not be admitted on the principles of these standards. The standard, as infallible, is made to open admission into the door of the Church as well as into the gates of heaven." Under the second general head, he endeavored to show " that their Society had attempted to perform the duties re- ferred to, I. By endeavoring to remove the stumbling-block of making the private opinions of men a term of communion. 2. By gathering out of the way the stumbling-stones of human invention. 3. By pointing to the good old way, and maintaining that it is perfect, infallible, and sufficient. 4. By lifting up as our standard and maintaining that the New Tes- tament is as perfect a constitution for the worship, discipline and government of the New Testament Church, and as per- fect a rule for the particular duties of its members, as the Old Testament was for its members. We have decided, there- fore, to lift it up as a standard for the Church, to open the gates of admission into the Church as wide as the gates of heaven." He now, under the third head, goes on to obviate objec- tions ; the first one of these noticed is, " that the principle 29 * 342 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. and flan adopted have a tendency to increase divisions., and. to terminate in a new party." This objection he obviates, " I. By reference to the express declarations, in the appendix 1o the Address, on this particular point. 2. By noticing the effects of the labors of the Prince of Peace, and showing that as it was in his case, so it is in ours. If our overture offend any of the brethren, the blame cannot be attached to us. 3. By referring to the proceedings of the Society heretofore, as bear- ing testimony to the sincerity of its professions, as all con- cerned well knew. He then further proceeds to show that if the various parties refuse to give up their anti-Christian practice?, usurpations and administrations, separation from them becomes indispensably necessary. ' It is in their power,' he says, ' to verify their own predictions by forcing us into a party. But even then we do not become a new party, but only in the same sense that the primitive Christians became a new party — a sect everywhere spoken against.' He insists that they could be regarded as a party only on the ground that taking the New Testament for their constitution, or making it the only rule, or opening the door of communion as wide as the gate of heaven, could be regarded as party principles ; that the primitive Church was precisely such a party, and that if such a party does not now exist, we should be happy to be such a party — such as would receive the whole household of faith upon original, catholic and pure principles. If, however, he adds, our brethren still persist to criminally impeach us with partyism and schism, we must impute it to their willful opposition.' " The second objection is, that it tends to degrade the min- isterial character. This, like the former, is an impeachment thrown in the very face of express declarations. See Address, resolution fifth, which says, *■ That this Society, formed for the sole purpose of promoting simple, evangelical Christianity, shall, to the utmost of its power, countenance and support such ministers, and such only, as exhibit a manifest conformity to the original standard in conversation and doctrine, in zeal and diligence ; only such as reduce to practice that simple OBJECTIONS CONSIDERED. 343 original form of Christianity expressly exhibited upon the sacred page, without attempting to inculcate anything of human authority, of private opinion or inventions of men, as having any place in the constitution, faith or worship of the Christian Church, or anything as matter of Christian faith or duty, foi which there cannot be expressly produced a Thus saith the Lord, either in express terms or by approved prece- dent.' Does such a proposal as this, tend to degrade the ministerial character? If so, we know not how to exalt the ministerial character. What I Will the acknowledgment of only such ministers as are scripturally qualified degrade the ministerial character.'' What! Will the admission of such doctrines only as are expressly revealed open a door to errors and corruptions? Then surely the blame must He on the Scriptures and not on us. That our principles would reduce hirelings, drones, idle shepherds, dumb dogs, blind guides and unfaithful watchmen to contempt, we allow. " It is also true, that if nothing be admitted but what is expressly found in the Bible, many things that are deemed precious and important must be excluded. But none will dare to say that what is expressly revealed will be error. Therefore, unless our accusers produce relevant proof to condemn our conduct as inconsistent with our principles, we must consider them ignorant of these principles and malicious. But such proof we humbly presume they cannot exhibit, and we are determined, through grace, they never shall. " The third objection is, that our plan tends to open a door to corruption in discipline. This charge is confidently exhibited in opposition to our own declaration. Prop. 7, S, 12. The sum of all of which is, that as there is but one class which, according to the Word, can be called Chris- tians, so none else ought to be received or retained in the Church's communion ; but, if we have mistaken their char- acter, we would be obliged to our brethren to correct our mistake, and if not, we should humbly presume that the real intention of discipline w^ould be secured. Or do they object that we condemn or acquit by the express letter of the law? 344 MEMOrRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. We leave them to the law, or rather to the Author of it, and remind them that the controversy is not w^ith us, but w^ith the law, and that whosoever judgeth the law is not a doer of the law, but a judge. " The fourth objection is, that -vue make a nominal appro- bation of the Bible a satisfactory test of truth., and that all the before-mentioned evils are attributable to this laxity of discipline. Who told them these were our intentions.? Surely, we have declared the very contrary. See appendix to ' De- claration and Addi^ess.' Why, then, do our brethren impute such things to us in the open face of our express decla- ration to the very contrary, as they have evidently done in every item of their false impeachments.'' Is such conduct consistent with truth, justice or charity.'' Yet all these things have the Synod of Pittsburg laid to our charge. In so doing they must have judged our hearts, our secret intentions, and not our public profession nor bur practice ; for as to these we defy them and all men to make good a single objection. " Having briefly answered these, we proceed to answer a few other popular objections, or rather popular clamors, excited against us by designing men, such as the following: " V. That your principles exclude infant baptism. " I. We dare not inculcate infant baptism in the name of the Lord as indispensably incumbent vipon Christians, be- cause the Lord has nowhere expressly enjoined it. If any- thing can be produced on this head, we should be glad to see it. Until this be done, we think it highly anti-scriptural to make it a term of communion, for to do this is to make it a term of salvation. It is as much as to say, ' Except you bap- tize your children you cannot be saved !' " 2. They virtually say when they make it a term of com- munion, ' You are excluded from the Church below, conse- quently from the Church above.' They have no revealed right to heaven above, so that unless our brethren can show us that, though excluded from the Church below, the}' still have a right to exjoect admission into heaven, we must con- clude they make it a term of salvation, as much at least as OBJECTIONS CONSIDERED. 345 the Judaizing teachers did their beloved circumcision, in tire room of which our brethren say baptism is come. While we oppose the procedure as the apostle did circumcision, we are as far from condemning the practice in existing circum- stances, when not held in this important point of view, as the apostle was, in his own time, from condemning the procedure of the Jewish brethren in regard to circumcision, and would comply wnth the conscientious scruples of our brethren as far as the Apostle Paul did when he circumcised Timotheus with his own hand. "3. While we declare that neither paedobaptism nor anti- pajdobaptism availeth anything, we would consider ourselves as unjustly impeached by the objection under consideration as the apostle considered himself (Acts xxi. 21) in regard to Jewish observances, and with him would be at some pains to convince our brethren that ' those things whereof they were informed were nothing.' "• 4. Upon the whole, we conclude that it should be a matter of forbearance, as it is evident circumcision was in the primitive Church, by no means considering it a matter of indiflerence. It can never be a light thing to mistake the will of God. We look at baptism now in nearly the same point of view in which the primitive Church looked at cir- cumcision, and consider the cases, if not altogether yet nearly parallel ; so far so, that we must either forbear or otherwise re- ject a great number of God's dear children without his special warrant, if not in express violation of his Divine commands : ' Him that is weak in the faith receive ye.' ' Receive ye one another as Christ has also received us to the glory of God.' '' VI. // is objected that our plan tends to establish inde- pendent church g'overnment. "I. We believe that the Church of Christ is completely independent beneath the government of her glorious Head, expressly declared in the rules and ordinances of his own appointment. " 2. And that the rulers ordained of him are elders and deacons. 34^ MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. " 3. Each church had a government within itself, to which it was subject, yet the churches were not so independent ot' each other but that they stood in a brotherly relation to each other. " 4. But until our brethren can show us that the churches at Corinth and Antioch and Pisidia were governed by their rulers in conjunctio?i with one another^ we must say that such government is not founded in the Scriptures ; and still further, till they can show that they managed their affairs by vote, etc., in superior and i?zferior courts, we consider such conduct as a gross intrusion on the rights of conscience and the liberties of Christians. We are, therefore, scriptural Presbyterians. " VII. // is again objected that it opens a door for lay preaching. " I. See resolution 12. ' Our ministers should be duly and scripturally qualified.' Does this imply that we are advo- cates for lay preaching.? Are lay preachers the only persons ^ duly and scripturally qualified V If they be, let us have a number of them. " 2. But what do we understand by lay preachers.'' It seems that if lay preachers be ' scripturally qualified,' our brethren would not like them. " 3. The chigy are the opposite to the laity. Both these terms are used in Scripture to denote God's people. Trace them to their origin and we find no difference.* We would be obliged to some person of exquisite keenness of distinc- tion to point out and define the difference between laical and clerical preachers." In addition to the above objections, he noticed, in * Aaof (laos) signifies jjeople, and is constantly applied to God's people. KXrjpoj (kleros) signifies lot, inheritance, and is applied to the tribe of Levi in the Old Testament. In the New, it is used of the antitype, the people of God, as in I Pet. v. 3, "not as lords over God's heritage," clergy or kleros, so that the term is here applied to the whole brotherhood, and there is not, in Scripture, the slightest ground for the distinction between clergy and laity. On the contrary, all the disciples collectively are denominated a "royal priesthood," a 'peculiar people," i Pet. ii. 9 ; and in Rev. v. ib; are said to be made " kings and priests to God." — R. PRESBYTERIANISM AGGRESSIVE. 347 concluding, one or two others, as, "that the principles of the Association would exclude females from the Lord's table," and would "abrogate the Sabbath," on which it is unnecessar}^ now to dwell. Such was the substance of Alexander Campbell's reply to the allegations of the Synod of Pittsburg, which seems to have paid no attention to the published declaration of the views and purposes of the "Chris- tian Association," but to have gone out of its way to characterize these according to its own religious pre- judices. Its answer to Thomas Campbell's application would have been dignified and proper, if it had simply confined itself to one of the reasons given, viz. : that "it is not consistent with the regulations of the Presby- terian Church that Synod should make a connection with any ministers, churches or associations." And it would have been still more becoming, if, after courte- ously admitting the candor and good intentions of Mr. Campbell, it had declined acceding to his request on the true and simple ground that it had neither the ■power nor the inclination to effect the proposed changes in the attitude and polity of the Presbyterian Church. But in characterizing Mr. Campbell's plan to promote Christian union as "specious" and "seducing," and classing it indefinitely with "similar projects," which were of "baleful tendency," leading to "destructive operations," "errors in doctrine," "corruptions in dis- cipline," etc., the Synod became at once aggressive^ and initiated a controversy, which, in various forms, was maintained for half a century, to the great detri- ment of the interests of the Presbyterian party. The Synod little thought, at the time, that the youth who so readily took up the gauntlet it had proudly thrown down, would, in subsequent years, overthrow the ablest 34'^ MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. champions of their denomination in public discussions, and do more to sap the foundations and check the progress of Presbyterianism in the United States than all other causes combined. As to the views entertained at this time by Alexander Campbell and his father, it appears, from the above discourse, i. That they regarded the religious parties around them as possessing the substance of Christianity, but as having failed to preserve "the form of sound words" in which it was originally presented ; and that the chief object in the reformation proposed, was to persuade to the abandonment of every human system, and tlie adoption of "this form of sound words" as the true basis of union. 2. That they regarded each church as an independent organization, having its own internal government by bishops and deacons, yet not so abso- lutely independent of other churches as not to be bound to them by fraternal relations. 3. That they considered "lay preaching" as authorized, and denied the distinc- tion between clergy and laity to be scriptural. 4. That they looked upon infant baptism as without direct scrip- tural authority, but were willing to leave it as a matter of forbearance, and allow the continuance of the prac- tice in the case of those who conscientiously approved it, as Paul and James permitted circumcision for a time in deference to Jewish prejudices. 5. That they clearly anticipated the probability of being compelled, on ac- count of the refusal of the religious parties to accept their overture, to resolve the Christian Association into a distinct Church, in order to carry out for themselves the duties and obligations enjoined on them in the Scriptures. And, 6. That in receiving nothing but what was expressly revealed, they foresaw and ad- mitted that many things deemed precious and important OBJECTS OF THE PROPOSED REFORM. 349 b}^ the existing religious societies, must inevitably be excluded. Such, then, was the progress already made by the principles of the reformation in the minds of those who promoted this religious movement. It will have been seen that, from the beginning, its object and its nature were clearly understood and distinctly defined ; and chat, originating in no pride of opinion, no freak of disappointed ambition, no hope of worldly honor or emolument, it was carried on with calm deliberation and with constant reference to the basis at first adopted — the Bible alone. It will be seen, further, that the positions taken by the Christian Association at this period were almost identical with those held by the churches established by the Haldanes, with which Alexander had become familiar during his residence in Scotland. The inde- pendence of each congregation ; its government by its own rulers ; the Scriptures as the only authoritative guide ; the practice of lay preaching, and the toleration of infant baptism, were all points of agreement. But in other respects, there were differences, due to the dif- fering circumstances attending these efforts at reform. The Haldanean reformation spent much of its force in battling with infidelity and Socinianism in the Estab lished Church and in seeking to restore the Lutheran doctrine of justification by faith in the work of Christ ; and although, in making its appeal to the Scriptures, it was gradually led to the adoption, in part, of primitive Church government and order, it was essentially an effort to expose the doctrinal errors which had crept into the Church, and to give a wider range and greater efficiency to the means employed for the spread of the evangelical doctrines. On the other hand, the reform 30 350 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. urged by the Campbells, while it necessarily embraced these points, was much more radical and sweeping. Its aim was not so much to repair defects in modern Christianity, as to restore that which was original and pure, "both in letter and spirit, in principle and hi practice." It proposed to pay no respect whatever to the doctrinal or other controversies which had existed since apostolic times, but to adopt, at once, the original basis on which the primitive Church itself rested. It proposed to build upon the first foundations, rather than to attempt to repair the breaches in the crumbling walls of modern religious systems. It trusted to the Bible, therefore, and to the Bible alone, as furnishing the entire plan and all the necessary specifications of the Divine Architect, and, though delayed and hindered by the necessity of removing often the accumulated rubbish of human speculations, it steadily pursued its original design, until it succeeded at length in developing the entire structure of primitive Christianity. CHAPTER XVII. Religious Speculation and Dictation — Partyism — New Acquaintances — Mar- riage — Church Organization — First Baptisms — Scripture Themes. THE concealments of the Bible are as Divine as its revelations. Infinite wisdom was required as much to determine of what man should be ignorant as what man should know. Indeed, since, in regard to all matters connected with the unseen spiritual world, man is entirely dependent upon Divine revelation, the limits of that revelation must necessarily mark out also the domain of human ignorance, as the shores of a continent become the boundaries of a trackless and unfathomed ocean. Hence it is, that the silence of the Bible is to be reverenced equally with its teachings, and that to intrude into things not seen and not revealed, evinces the vanity of a fleshly mind as much as to mis- interpret and pervert the express statements of the Scriptures. Unfortunately, both of these errors had prevailed in religious society, which was not content with either the reticence or the teachings of the Bible, but had presumed to supply the former by speculations upon the eternal decrees of God, the Trinity, the Divine nature, the future destiny of mankind, etc. ; and to substitute for the latter, the commentaries of party leaders and the decisions of councils or other eccle- siastical tribunals. Against this latter usurpation of Divine authority, where men had assumed to regulate 351 35^ MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. the faith and practice of the Church, eminent reformers had, indeed, from age to age, remonstrated. Unfor- tunately, however, while endeavoring to correct this error, and to reinstate the Scripture in its proper posi- tion as an infallible and Divine revelation, too little attention was paid to the fact that this revelation had its appointed limits, and these reformers themselves pre- sumed to transcend these boundaries, and to superadd their own opinions and speculations about questions of which the Scriptures do not treat. There was, there- fore, a necessity for both the specifications in the prin- ciple which Thomas Campbell had adopted, " where the Scriptures speak, we speak ; where the Scriptures are silent, we are silent," as it was not merely necessary to take Divine revelation as a guide, but equally so to prohibit the addition and admixture of human opinions. It was this last point particularly, viz. : that the silence of the Scriptures is to be respected equally with its teachings, that was almost peculiar to the reformation urged by Mr. Campbell, and continued to be one of its most important and characteristic traits. As it was the distinguishing error of Romanism to presume to dictate the faith and regulate the ordinances of the Church, irrespective of the teaching of the Scriptures ; so the chief mistake of Protestantism con- sisted in substituting for the silence of the Bible human opinions and speculative theories. The great principle urged by Thomas Campbell, which demanded implicit faith in express revelation alone, and an ac- knowledged or explicit ignorance in regard to all un- taught questions, brought, therefore, those who adopted it into direct antagonism with the entire religious world. Accordingly, with perhaps the exception of the churches established by the Haldanes and a few other small inde- j?£A.sojVS against partisanship. 353 pendent bodies of reformers, who had, in various parts of Europe and America, been led to take the Bible alone as a guide, there was not any religious denomina- tion whatever, known to them, with which the reformers could consistently have established a real and fraternal union. Whatever confidence they might have in the faith and piety of many of the individuals composing a party, they could have none in the party itself or in the system upon which it was maintained, and could not therefore, by uniting, give their sanction to those divisive principles which it was their chief purpose to subvert. On the other hand, it is obvious that no party desiring to continue such, and comprehending the sweeping character of the great fundamental principle adopted by Thomas Campbell, could, consistently with its own security, receive the reformers into religious fel- lowship. "Am I asked," said Alexander Campbell about this period (in an address after sermon at the house of Mr. Buchanan), in order to anticipate certain objections, "why I am not a party man? or why I do not join some party? I ask, in return. Which party would the Apostle Paul join if now on earth? Or, in other words, which party would receive him ? I dare not be a party man for these reasons : " I. Because Christ has forbidden me. He has com- manded us to keep the ' unity of the spirit ;' to be ' of one mind and of one judgment;' to 'love each other with a pure heart fervently,' and to ' call no man master' on earth. "2. Because no party will receive into communion all whom God would receive into heaven. God loves his children more than our creeds, and man was not made for the Bible, but the Bible for man. But if I am \OL. I. — X 30* 354 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. asked by a partisan, Could you not join us and let these things alone? I answer, no, because — "3. The man that promotes the interests of a party stands next in guilt to the man that made it. The man that puts the second stone on a building is as instru- mental in its erection as the man that laid the first. He that supports a party bids the party God speed ; and he that bids them God speed is a partaker of their evil deeds. "4. Because all parties oppose reformation. They all pray for it, but they will not work for it. None of them dare return to the original standard. I speak not against any denomination in particular, but against all. I speak not against any system of truth, but against all except the Bible. ' Hold fast the form of sound words' condemns them all. It is a doleful truth, that the very persons who ought to have advocated reformation, always opposed it. See the History of the Ch7'istian Church, and Matthew xxiii. When I consider what Paul and thousands of others suffered for a good con- science, I would do so too. I desire to fight for ' the faith once delivered to the saints.' I like the bold Christian hero." Such, at this period, were the noble and decided utterances of Alexander Campbell in relation to party- ism and to his own convictions of religious duty ; and such were the feelings which he and those associated with him then entertained in reference to these sad defections from primitive precept and example. Such, too, were the views which they labored to impress upon the religious community as opportunity was afforded. Except, however, in the case of the special address delivered at Washington on November i, in defence of the Christian Association against the aspersions of the SERMONS ON BIBLE THEMES. 355 Synod of Pittsburg, which was delivered at a regular meeting of the Association, and the object of which had been previously announced by advertisement, Alexander Campbell and his father appear never to have made their views of reformation the particular theme of their regular discourses, which they continued to deliver in the court-house or in the seminary build- ing at Washington ; at Brush Run ; the cross-roads ; Middletown, and occasionally at private houses, as at Thomas McClellan's, Thomas Hodgens', Thomas Sharp's, James McElroy's, etc. These discourses were devoted to the elucidation of portions of Scripture for Christian edification and for the enforcement of the great duties of the Christian life. Both of them had too much reverence for the Lord's day and the solemnities of religious worship, to appropriate those hours to the dis- cussion of inferior themes, or to the ungrateful subject of religious schisms, unless, indeed, this happened to be involved legitimately in the text. Thus, amongst the numerous discourses which Alexander Campbell delivered during the early years of his ministry, and of which he preserved skeletons and notes sufficient to make an interesting volume, none are to be found of a partisan or disputatious character, and none of them are directed against any existing denomination. They are from texts such as these : " Let us hear the conclu- sion of the whole matter. Fear God and keep his commandments, for this is the whole duty of man." Ecclesiastes xii. 13. " Search the Scriptures, for in them you think you have eternal life, and they are they which testify of me." John v. 39. " Behold I stand at the door and knock : if any man hear my voice and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me." Revelation iii. 20. "For in 35^ MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth anything, nor uncircumcision, but faith that worketh by love." Galatians v. 6. " How shall we escape if we neglect so great salvation?" Hebrews ii. 3. '"To be carnally- minded is death, but to be spiritually-minded is life and peace." Romans viii. 6. They are discourses upon the (excellency and glorv of Christ and the sufficiency of his finished work ; upon the covenants and promises of God ; upon the study of the Scriptures as the rule of life ; upon faith, righteousness and judgment to come Confining themselves thus, according to their own prin- ciples, to Scripture themes in their public ministrations, neither father nor son had any disposition to speak, unless incidentally and briefly, and in general terms, of existing divisions. These matters they reserved for con- ference in private with religious persons, and for friendly discussion in the families to which they had access, and especially with ministers and persons of influence amongst the different parties. Thomas Campbell, especially, spent much of his time in visiting the fami- lies with which he was acquainted throughout this region of country, not only to promote the interests of religion, but from his affectionate attachment to the numerous friends he had formed while a Seceder min- ister, and from that eminently social disposition so characteristic of his countrymen, of whom he was in this respect a fair representative. Among the various families that he occasionally visited, there was one by the name of Parkinson, living on the upland immediately bordering on the valley of Buffalo, eight miles from Charlestown. Mrs. Parkinson was a member of the Associate Reformed congregation at W. Middletown, then under the care, of a Mr. Findley. She had been left a widow -.vith a A NEW ACQUAINTANCE. 357 family of children, and was a woman of intelligence and piety, much respected by Mr. Campbell. While here, he was introduced to a Mr. John Brown, who owned the farm adjoining, which extended down into the valley of the creek, and embraced a large portion of its rich alluvial bottoms. Around these the creek swept with a graceful curve, washing the base of the lofty hill on which the Parkinson farm was situated, and just here, Mr. Brown, who was a carpenter and millwright, had a grist-mill and saw-mill, which were at this time, with some adjoining acres, in the pos- session of a Mr. Talbot. Beyond these, at a consider- able distance, on a more elevated portion of the farm, near the public road, stood Mr. Brown's comfortable and capacious dwelling, two stories high, weatlier- boarded, painted white, and with green Venetian shut- ters. Mr. Brown was a Presbyterian, but somewhat independent and original in his modes of thinking ; fond of investigation, and a great admirer of men of talent. He was a man of great kindness of disposi- tion ; of great piety and integrity, and had a remarkable love for simplicity and plainness in dress and mode of living, maintaining, as far as practicable, the habits of the early settlers. Thomas Campbell's acquaintance with him soon grew into a warm friendship, and they did not fail to have many agreeable discussions upon religious topics. Mr. Campbell having on a particular occasion promised Mr. Brown some books, upon his return to Washington sent them down by his son Alex- ander. This was the first visit Alexander had paid to this part of the country, and the acquaintance which he then formed with Mr. Brown and his family, led to important results. Mr. Brown's familv consisted at this time of his ^5^ MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL, wife, his daughter Margaret, about eighteen years of age, and his step-daughter, Miss Jane Glass, a few years older. His present wife was the widow of a Mr. Glass, who had lived on the farm immediately above, in the valley of the creek. After the death of her first husband, Mrs. Glass had married Mr. Brown, who was at that time a widower. She was considerably below the medium height, energetic, industrious and intelli- gent. Her first husband having been one of the early settlers, her life had been full of privations, labor and trial. During the hostilities which for a long time prevailed between the white settlers and the Indians upon their borders, she had met at one time with a very perilous adventure, an account of which is here given from Dr. Joseph Doddridge's "Notes on the Settlement and Indian Wars of West Pennsylvania and Virginia :" •'On the 27th day of March, 17S9, about ten o'clock in the forenoon, as she was spinning in her house, her black woman, who had stepped out to gather sugar water, screamed out, ' Here are Indians.* She jumped up, ran to the window and then to the door, where she was met by one of the Indians presenting his gun. She caught hold of the muzzle and turning it aside, begged him not to kill, but take her prisoner. The other Indian, in the mean time, caught the black woman and her boy, about four years old, and brought them into the house. They then opened a chest, took out a small box and some articles of clothing, and without doing any further lamage or setting fire to the house, set oft' with herself and her son. about tsvo and a half years old, and the black wo- man and her two children, the oldest four years and the youngest one vear old. After going about one and a half miles, they halted and held a consultation, as she supposed, about killing the children. This she understood to be the subject from their gestures and frequently pointing at the A PERILOUS ADVENTURE. 3^9 children. To one of the Indians who could speak English she held out her little boy and begged him not to kill him, as he would make a fine little Indian after a while. The Indian made a motion to her to walk on with her child. The other Indian then struck the negro boy with the pipe end of his tomahawk, which knocked him down, and then despatched him by a blow with the edge across the back of the neck, and then scalped him. " About four o'clock in the evening, they reached the river about a mile above Wellsburg. and carried a canoe, which had been thrown into some driftwood, into the river. They got into this canoe and worked it down to the mouth of Rush Run, a distance of about five miles. Thev pulled up the canoe into the mouth of the run as far as they could, then went up the run for about a mile and encamped for the night. The Indians gave the prisoners all their own clothes for covering, and added one of their own blankets. A while before daylight, the Indians got up and put another blanket over them. " About sunrise they began their march up a very steep hill, and about two o'clock they halted on Short Creek, about twent}' miles from the place from whence they had set out in the morning. The place where they halted had been an encampment a short time before, as well as a place of deposit for the plunder which they had recently taken from the house of a Mr. Vanmeter, whose family had been killed. The plunder was deposited in a sycamore tree. They tapped some trees when there before. Here they kindled a fire and put on a brass kettle with a turkey, which they had killed on the way, to boil in sugar water. " Mr. Glass, the first husband of Mrs. Brown, was work- ing in a field with a hired man, about a quarter of a mile from the house, when his wife and family were taken, but knew nothing of the event until two o'clock. After search- ing about the house, and going to several houses in the neighborhood in quest of his family, he went to Mr. Wells' fort, and collected ten men beside himself; and the same 360 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. night lodged in a cabin on the bottom on which the town now stands. " Next morning they discovered the place from which the Indians had taken the canoe from the drift, and their tracks at tlie place of their embarkation. Mr. Glass could distin- guish the track of his wife by the print of the high heel of her shoe. They crossed over the river and went down on the other side until they came near the mouth of Rush Run ; but discovering no tracks of the Indians, most of the men con- cluded they would go to the mouth of Muskingum by water, and therefore wished to turn back. Mr. Glass begged of them to go as far as the mouth of Short Creek, which was only two or three miles farther. To this they agreed. When thev got to the mouth of Rush Run, they found the canoe of the Indians. This was indentified by a proof which goes to show the presence of mind of Mrs. Brown. While going down the river one of the Indians threw into the water some papers which he had taken from Mr. Glass's trunk ; some of these she picked up, and under pretence of giving them to the child, dropped them in the bottom of the boat. These left no doubt. The trail of the Indians and the prisoners up the run to their camp, and then up the river hill, was soon discovered. The trail at that time, owing to the softness of the ground and the height of the weeds, was easily followed. About an hour after the Indians had halted, Mr. Glass and his men came within sight of the smoke of their camp. The object was, then, to save the lives of the prisoners by attack- ing the Indians so unexpectedly as not to allow them time to kill them. With this view, they crept as slyly as they could till they got within something more than a hundred yards of the camp. Fortunately, Mrs. Brown's little son had gone to a sugar tree to get some water, and not being able to get it out of the rough trough, his mother had stepped out of the camp to get it for him. The negro woman was sitting some distance from the two Indians, who were looking attentively at a scarlet jacket they had taken some time before. On a sudden they dropped the jacket and turned their eyes toward FORTUNATE. RESCUE. 361 the men, who, supposing they were discovered, immediately discharged several guns, and rushed upon them at full speed with an Indian yell. One of tlie Indians, it was supposed, was wounded at the first fire, as he fell and dropped his gun and shot-pouch. After running about one hundred yards a second shot was fired after him by Major Maguire, which brought him to his hands and knees, but there was no time for pursuit, as the Indians had informed Mi's. Brown that there was another encampment close by. They therefore re- tui-ned home with all speed, and reached the Beach Bottom fort that night. " The other Indian, at the first fire, ran a little distance beyond Mrs. Brown, so that she was in a line between him and the white men ; here he halted for a little to put on his shot-pouch, which Mr. Glass for a moment mistook for an attempt to kill his wife with a tomahawk. " This artful manoeuvre no doubt saved the life of the savage, as his pursuers durst not shoot at him without risking the life of Mrs. Brown." Mrs. Glass, at the time of her marriage to Mr. Brown, had an only daughter, who, some time after Alexander's introduction to the family, married a Mr. Stevenson and settled near Pittsburg. Mr. Brown, also, had been left with an only daughter by his first wife, whose maiden name was Grimes, and whose relatives lived in Charlestown and its vicinity, one sister being married to a Major Congleton. Miss Brown was tall and slen- der, but graceful. She had a sweet, benignant coun- tenance, very dark hair, regular features, full and expressive dark hazel eyes, and was already noted for her piety, industry and engaging manners. Her educa- tion had been the best which, in this region, was at that time accorded to females. The agreeable acquaintance which Alexander had thus formed with the Brown family, induced him soon 31 362 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. to repeat his visit. Mr. Brown had conceived a very warm attachment to the young preacher, whose talents and acquirements he greatly admired, and with whose sjn-ightly and agreeable conversation he was so much delighted, that he sought every opportunity of enjoying his company. On his part, Alexander entertained a very earnest regard for Mr. Brown. He loved his independent turn of thought ; his simple manners ; the unyielding integrity which characterized his life, and the childlike and unaffected confidence which he re- posed in those he esteemed. As an instance of his fondness for investigation, it may be related that, one evening when Alexander was at his house, an eccentric Baptist preacher who occasionally traversed this part of the country, and with whom Mr. Brown was ac- quainted, happening to call to spend the night, he managed pretty soon to get up a discussion between him and Alexander on the subject of baptism. Greatly to his delight, the debate soon became animated. The various covenants were considered at length. The Christian and Jewish institutions were compared, and the cause of paedobaptism was argued, with more than usual dexterity, by the young disputant. Finding him- self baffled, however, by the direct Scripture quotations of his opponent, he insisted that infant baptism should, at least, like circumcision in the early Church, be left as a matter of forbearance. This position was vigor- ously assailed by the close-communion Baptist, and the discussion became so interesting that it was prolonged until near morning, and the parties finally separated under an agreement to meet in two weeks in order to continue the subject. They met, accordingly, at the time appointed, but Alexander, whose love foi' truth did not permit him to feel entirely satisfied with the argu- THE VIRTUOUS WOMAN. 363 ments he had prepared, begged for a further adjourn- ment, and it so happened that the discussion was not afterward resumed. The intimacy thus estabHshed in the fall of 1810 with Mr. Brown and his family soon led to a warmer feeling than that of friendship between Alexander and the daughter, and they became finally so much attached to each other as to lead to a proposal of marriage. This being entirely agreeable to the relatives on both sides, the marriage ceremony was performed on the I2th of March, 181 1, by Rev. Mr. Hughes, pastor of the Presbyterian church at the town of West Liberty, four miles distant, and of which Mr. Brown and his family were members. On the following day, accord- ing to the custom of the time, Alexander went up with his bride to Washington to receive the congratulations of his friends at his father's house. The day having been thus agreeably spent, all the members of the family assembled at the usual hour, according to their invariable custom, for worship. Each one had, as usual, a Scripture recitation to offer, and Alexander's sister Jane, now about eleven years old, who had been greatly troubled in the morning as to what portion of Scripture she should memorize for so important an occasion, and who had at last settled upon the descrip- tion of the model wife contained in the last twenty-two verses of the concluding chapter of Proverbs, gave her recitation very correctly, as follows : " Who can find a virtuous woman } for her price is far above rubies. The heart of her husband doth safely trust in her, so that she shall have no need of spoil. She will do him good, and not evil, all the days of her life. She seeketh wool and flax, and worketh willingly with her hands. She is like the merchant ships ; she bringeth her food from afar. She 364 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. tiseth while it is }et night, and giveth meat to her household, and a portion to her maidens. She considereth a field, ano buyeth it; with the fruit of her hand she planteth a vineyard. She girdeth her loins with strength, and strengtheneth her arms. She perceiveth that her merchandise is good ; her candle goeth not out by night. She layeth her hand to the spindle, and her hands hold the distaff^. She stretcheth out her hand to the poor ; yea, she reacheth forth her hands to the needy. She is not afraid of the snow for her household ; for all her household are clothed with scarlet. She maketh herself coverings of tapestry ; her clothing is silk and purple. Her husband is known in the gates when he sitteth among the elders of the land. She maketh fine linen and selleth it ; and delivereth girdles unto the merchant. Strength and honor are her clothing ; and she shall rejoice in time to come. She openeth her mouth with wisdom ; and in her mouth is the law of kindness. She looketh well to the ways of her household, and she eateth not the bread of idleness. Her children arise up and call her blessed ; her husband also, and he praiseth her. Many daughters have done virtuousl}', but thou excellest them all. Favor is deceitful, and beauty is vain ; but a woman that feareth the Lord, she shall be praised. Give her of the fruits of her hands ; and let her own works praise her in the gates." After worship, the bride, coming to Jane, kissed her affectionately, and thanked her w^armly for the beautiful passage of Scripture she had so well recited, expressing the hope that she might herself be enabled, in some measure, to practice its teachings. Her subsequent life truly showed how earnestly she sought to conform to the model she so much admired ; for she became a true helpmate to her husband, sympathizing with him in all his labors, managing his domestic affairs with the utmost prudence and economy, and enduring patiently the privations consequent upon his frequent absences REMOVALS AND OCCUPATIONS. 365 from home, in order that he might accomplish the great work to which he had devoted his Hfe. On the loth of March, two days before his marriage, Alexander had preached twice at Brush Run. On the following two Lord's days he preached at Washington ; and on the 25th of March he went, with his wife, to live with his father-in-law. On the succeeding Lord's day, the 31st, he spoke at Samuel Guy's, who lived on the creek some miles above ; and so continued his labors regularly at different points within convenient reach. He did not, however, occupy his time wholly either in fulfilling these duties and preparing for them, or in reading and study. His delight in active exercise, and the practical knowledge he had acquired of farming in his boyhood, led him at once to engage in assisting Mr. Brown in the management of the farm, in which he appears to have displayed his usual activity and energy, devoting to it all the time he could spare from his min- isterial duties. About this time, his father removed from Washington to a small farm for which he had bargained with a Mr. Hammond, situated near John McElroy's, and about a mile and a half from the village of Mount Pleasant. Here, he thought, he could live with his family more inexpensively than in town, especially as his kind friends and neighbors were ready to render him every possible assistance in the management of the farm, his own attention being almost exclusively devoted to religious interests. He had, by this time, become fully convinced that, on account of the continued hostility of the different parties, it was necessary that the Christian Association should assume the character of an independent Church, in order to the enjoyment of those privileges and the per- formance of those duties which belong to the Church 31 * 366 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. relation. It was with great reluctance that he finally concluded to take this step, and to separate himself from those whom he desired to recognize as brethren. Such, nevertheless, is the usual fate of reformers. Re- ligious reformations, however they ma}'^ be aided or modified by external circumstances, must always origi- nate within the Church itself. Such was the case with the Reformation of Luther, of Calvin, of Knox, of Wesley. Luther was a monk, Calvin a Romish cure; Knox a Catholic priest, Wesley an Episcopal presbyter. The reformation urged by Thomas Campbell was no exception to the general rule. It commenced in a com- munity claiming to be the purest portion of the Church, and, when proposed to its hierarchy, was rejected and denounced. Now, as before, the light shone in dark- ness, but the darkness comprehended it not. Hence a separation became inevitable, and this separation ap- peared not less grievous to the human feelings and sympathies of Thomas Campbell, than similar ones had done to those of other reformers, " He would have liked," as D'Aubigne says of Calvin, "to see all the Church transformed, rather than set himself apart and build up a new one." Having found it impossible, however, to effect this transformation, he felt it to be his duty to organize an independent community. At the next meeting of the Association, accordingly, the matter was duly considered and agreed to, as the attitude which the religious parties had assumed, seemed to leave no other alternative. Before entering into this sacred relation, Thomas Campbell deemed it proper that each member should give some personal and public evidence of a fitting knowledge of the way of salva- tion ; and he proposed therefore that each should be required to give a satisfactory answer to the question : FIRST CHURCH ORGANIZATIOI^. 567 *' What is the meritorious cause of a sinner's acceptance with God?" With most of the answers to this question he was entirely satisfied, and was particularly well pleased with the views expressed on the occasion by Joseph Bryant. The answers of two of the members being unsatisfactory, their admission was postponed. Neither, however, was received, both having subse- quently proved themselves unworthy. James Foster happened not to be present at the above meeting, and when, on Saturday, the 4th of May, he, with the other members, assembled at Brush Run for the purpose of organization, the question arose : "Is James Foster a member, not having been present at the time the test question was propounded?" Some seemed to think not; but Alexander, who, it would seem, was not entirely convinced that there was any authority for such a test, immediately arose and said : " Certainly, James Foster is a member, having been with us from the beginning, and his religious sentiments being perfectly well known to all." The test question, accordingly, was not pro- pounded to him, nor to any one else afterward. At this meeting, Thomas Campbell was appointed elder, and Alexander was licensed to preach the gospel. Four deacons were also chosen, viz. : John Dawson, George Sharp, William Gilcrist and James Foster; and amidst the prayers and solemn sei-vices of the day, they united in singing Psalm cxviii., from the thirteenth to the twenty-ninth verses, in the old metrical version, which, as Seceders, they had been in the habit of using. They felt that the position they had now assumed was one of great responsibility, and one that was destined to lead to most important results. They hoped, how- ever, to have, in their new relation, a happy end to that painful state of suspense in which they had hitherto 368 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. been kept, in regard to the results of their religious movement. Rejected, misrepresented and contemned by the rulers of religious society, they felt, neverthe- less, that they had experienced much of the Divine presence and guidance in their conscientious efforts to promote Christian unity ; and they rejoiced that, all uncertainty being now at an end. they could proceed without delay or hinderance in the field of labor to which they had been called. Under these circum- stances, these verses of the Psalm they sung had to them a peculiar significance : " Thou sore hast thrust that I might fall ; But my Lord helped me — God my salvation is become, My strength and song is he. The right hand of the mighty Lord Exalted is on high ; The right hand of the mighty Lord Doth ever valiantly. "I shall not die, but live, and shall The works of God discover. The Lord hath me chastised sore. But not to death given over. Oh, set ye open unto me The gates of righteousness ; Then v\-ill I enter into them, And I the Lord will bless. " God is the Lord, who unto us Hath made light to arise : Bind ye unto the altar's horns With cords the sacrifice. Thou art my God, I'll thee exalt ; My God, I wll thee praise. Give thanks to God, for he is good ; His mercy lasts always." On the following day, being the Lord's day, the Church held its first communion service. Alexander BIBLE THE TRUE BASIS OF UNION. 369 preached from John vi. 48, "I am that bread of life,** and verse 58, last clause: "He that eateth of this bread shall live for ever." In his introduction, he showed : i . That as sin and death came into the world by eating, so God had ordained that righteousness and life should be imparted by spiritual food. 2. That as Jesus Christ is all in all to the sinner, so he is represented to us in the Scripture under ever}'- kind of emblem that might encourage us to trust in him. 3. That the term "bread" in Scripture is not always used in its strict and literal sense, and that in these passages it is employed in its utmost latitude, as representing any- thing that can be conducive to the life and happi- ness of the creature. He then proceeded to consider, I. The propriety- and import of the expression; 2. The appropriate duty of the Christian in regard to partak- ing of this bread; 3. The motives to comply with this dut}' ; and, 4. To make a proper application to the vari- ous classes of those present, expressing, to those about to partake, the hope that they were hungering after this bread of life, and remarking that, in assembling there on that occasion, they furnished an emblem of the millennial state of the Church, nay, an emblem of the heavenly state, when men of different nations, and known by different names, should sit down together in the kingdom of God. Afterward, his father delivered a discourse from Rom. viii. 32: "He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all : how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?" Thus there was formally established a distinct religious com- munit}', based solely upon the Bible, and destined, in its future histon,", to exhibit the entire sufficiency of the basis thus chosen. On the Sth of May, x\lexander spoke at Christian Hutman's ; on the 12th, at the cross-roads ; VOL. 1. — V 370 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. on the 15th, at William Gatwood's. Next day he set out from home on his first preaching tour, of which he preserved the following memoranda : '•'I set out from home Thursday, May 16, iSii, and stopped first evening at Luthani Young's. Conversed upon the fundamental doctrines of the Christian religion. Next morning, accompanied to the river by Mr. Young, I crossed opposite Steubenville. Introduced myself to Mr. James Lari- more and Dr. Slemmons. and was received with courtesy. Was introduced b)' Dr. Slemmons to Mr. Buchanan, lodging at the Doctor's. After dining^ reasoned with Mr. Buchanan on the general state of religion, and argued the pi'inciples with him which we advocate ; but he would not see. In our discourse a Mr. Boyd, of Steubenville, interrupted by vocifer- ously taking Mr. Buchanan's side of the argument. Finished in a disorderly manner. Appointed to preach in the court- house, Sabbath day, at i3 o'clock. Proceeded to James McElroy's, where I tarried till Friday morning, hospitably entertained. On Sabbath day, I preached, according to ap- pointment, in Steubenville. Had a crowded house, notwith- standing Messrs. Buchanan, Snodgrass, Lambdin, Powel, etc. I had a mixed audience of Presbyterians, Unionists, Methodists, etc, Mr. Lambdin, the Methodist preacher, was present. I was introduced to a Mr. Hawkins, a most re- spectable citizen, and a Methodist. Sabbath evening, preached at Mr. McElroy's. Had a smaller audience, among whom was Mr. McMillan, with whom I sojourned that night at Mr. Thompson's. Reasoned with him upon our principles. He granted me three things of magnitude: i. That independent church government had as good a foundation in Scripture as the Presbyterian. 2. That the office of a ruling elder was not found clearly in the Scriptures, but was a human expedi- ency. 3. That he did not believe that the Confession of Faith was the system., that is, the precise system, the whole system, or the only system of truth contained in the Bible. Preached on Monday, at Mr. McElroy's, to a respectable assembly, from Gal vi. 15, 16 — On the Sabbath at Steubenville, my FIRST PREACHING TOUR. 371 text was Heb. ii. 3. In the evening, Mark xvi. 15. On Wednesday morning, left Mr. McElroy's, and arrived at Cadiz. That evening lodged at Squire McNeeley's. Thurs- daj' morning, proceeded to Dr. McFadden's ; tarried vv^ith him till Sabbath morning. Preached, Sabbath day, two ser- mons, to a large audience — one from John v. 39, and the other from Acts xi. 26. Sabbath evening, lodged at Sanme. Gilmore's. Monday evening at James Ford's. Preached at James Ford's, Tuesday, two discourses — one from Rom. viii. 32, and the other from 2 Tim, '. ^3. Tuesday evening, lodged at a Methodist exhorter's. Wednesday at Tames Sharpe's. Preached, Thursday, at William Perry's. Stopped all night. Friday, stopped at Samuel Garret's Preached, Saturday, at Samuel Patten's, in Wheeling, from Phil. iii. 8. Lodged with him, and preached. Sabbath day. Tune 2, at St. Clairs- ville, from Rom. viii 32. and secondlv, from Isa. Ixvii. 14, with Ixii. 10, and lodged at Mr Bell's ' On returning, ne delivered a discourse in Warren, one at the house ol Jonn Forsyth, and one in Charles- town, reaching home in time to preach, on the i6th, the first sermon delivered in the new meeting-house at Brush Run, which, though unfinished, was used from this time forward, rough seats being provided for the assembly This sermon was based upon Gal. i. 4 : "Who gave himself for our sins that he might deliver us from this present evil world," and treated, after some introductory remarks, upon the evils resulting from igno- rance of ourselves, of Christ and of the gospel ; and then proceeded to dwell upon the glorious character of redemption, and of the deliverance which it brings, closing with an appropriate application. It had been remarked by some of the members that Joseph Bryant and one or two others, who had given satisfactory answers to the test question proposed by Thomas Campbell, did not partake with the rest at the 372 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL, Lord's Supper, which, according to the custom of the Independent churches in Scotland, was now celebrated weekly. The reason being asked, Joseph Bryant re- plied, that he did not consider himself authorized to partake, as he had never been baptized. Such was the case also with two other members — Margaret Fullerton, whose father had been a Baptist, and Abraham Altars, whose father had been a Deist. These cases had brought up, in a new and more practical aspect, the question of baptism, and particularly as regarded what has been called its mode, or, more correctly, the par- ticular action meant by baptism ; and the subject had continued to be generally discussed among the mem- bers during Alexander's absence. While Thomas Campbell had, as formerly stated, serious scruples about baptizing those who had been already recognized as members of the Church, he had none in the present instance, as none of the candidates had received baptism at all in any of its so-called forms. Neither did he appear to have any doubt or objection in regard to immersion, but he at once acquiesced in Joseph Bryant's view that this alone was baptism. Going over with Thomas Sharp to confer with Joseph Bryant upon the subject, he at once admitted it was evident that in the primitive age they went down into the water and were buried in it. "Water," said he, **is water; and earth is earth. We certainly could not call a person buried in earth if only a little dust were sprinkled on him." He consented, therefore, to per- form the ceremony, which took place on the 4th of July in a deep pool of Buffalo Creek, about two miles above the mouth of Brush Run, and on the farm of David Bryant. The pool was narrow, and so deep that the water came up to the shoulders of the candi- THE FIRST BAPTISMS. 373 dates when they entered it. Thomas Campbell, then, without going into the water, stood on a root that pro- jected over the edge of the pool, and bent down their heads until they were buried in the liquid grave, re- peating at the same time, in each case, the baptismal formula. James Foster, who was present, did not al- together approve the manner of the baptism, neither did he think it congruous that one who had not him- self been immersed, should immerse others. It so hap- pened, however, that Thomas Campbell, who had been the first to introduce the reformatory movement, became thus, on this occasion, the first to introduce immersion — a practice which subsequently became a distinguishing feature in the progress of the reformation. By this time, many of those who had at first been identified with the Christian Association had gradually become indifferent, and many, who still sympathized with the movement, held back from entering into a church relation, while, from distance and other hin- derances, others were unable to attend the meetings. Hence it was, that the church at this time could reckon only about thirty regular members,* who continued to meet alternately at the cross-roads and at Brush Run as formerly. These religious meetings were sources of great enjoyment. Warmly attached to one another for the truth's sake, and sympathizing with each other in their trials and religious experiences, they seemed to be * Those who were then members of the Brush Run Church were Thomas and Alexander Campbell ; Mrs. Jane Campbell and her daughter Dorothea ; James Foster and wife ; John Dawson and wife ; Thomas Hodgens, Sen. and wife, and his son James Hodgens ; James Hanen and wife ; William Gilcrist and daughter, with his wife and her mother ; George Sharp, Sen. and wife and son John ; Thomas Sharp and a Mrs. Sharp, wife of George Sharp, Jun. ; George Archer and wife ; Abraham Altars, Margaret Fullerton, Joseph Bry- ant and John Donaldson. 32 574 MEMOIRS OF ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. of one heart and of one soul, and took the utmost de- light in assisting one another to acquire a more com- plete knowledge of Divine things. The Bible was their daily study, and they came to the assembly, like bees to the hive, laden with the sweet lessons of instruction it afforded, and ready to say, in the language of the Psalm they had sung at the organization : " God is the Lord, who, unto us Hath made light to arise." Thus increasing in scriptural knowledge, the discovery of new truths maintained that fervor of spirit which can never continue long unless the intellectual na- ture is supplied and cultivated as well as the feelings, but which alone can give true power and efficacy to religious exercises. They had broken the seal by which clerical authority had closed the Sacred Volume, and rejoiced that, by its guidance, they had cast off the fetters of partyism, and were enabled to pass from the dark and narrow caverns of sectarian theology toward the heavenly light, which, though yet dim and distant, finally led them into the open day. As it may interest the reader to know the character of the religious teaching i-eceived by this little band of reformers, and the views at this time entertained by Alexander Campbell, a few extracts from the minutes of discourses which he delivered about this period are here given. Thus, two days before his marriage, in his discourse at Brush Run from Matt. xi. 27, after speaking in general terms of authority in religious matters, and the necessity of having a command from God for every religious duty, he speaks of the authority of Christ and of the apostles as having been fully and carefully demonstrated, and remarks that they delivered RELIGIOUS INSTRUCTION. 375 just what they were commanded to deliver ; that Paul was careful to discriminate between his own opinions and God's commands, and that he applauded those who seaixhed the Scriptures for the truth; showing, further, that there is a curse denounced against those whost religion is taught by the precepts of men. and that Christ is given as a leader and commander to the people. He then adds : "■ From the above considerations two things are strange : i. That men should preach whole sermons and scarcely cite one Scripture text, and that hearers should suffer their faith to rest in the wisdom of men rather than in the wisdom of God. 3. That men sliould be afraid or unwilling to take the Word of God for their rule — afraid that what God has commanded them is not enough. But, stranger still, tliat they should set aside the Word of God by their traditions. A singular com- mand in Deuteronomy is little attended to (Deut. xii. 33) : ' What thing soever I command you, observe to do it. Thou shalt not add thereto nor diminish from it.' " He then dwells upon the glory of Christ, and says : •'AH things in heaven and on earth, animate and inanimate, are delivered unto Jesus Christ for the good of his Church on earth and for its glory in heaven.

        j the economy of grace for the restoration and salvation of fallen, depraved, guilty man, Jesus Christ the Son of God humbled himself, took upon himself the form of a servant and made himself of no reputation, lived on earth and died upon a cross, hated and despised ; for this cause, having spoiled principali- ties and powers, and finished the work which the Father gave him to do, lie is now exalted to the right hand of the Majestv on high. Eph. i. 20-22. And there he sits, waiting till all his enemies be made his footstool ; until the end shall come, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom into the hands of his Father. 1 Cor. xv. 24, 25.

        Observe, they who deny the divinity or personality of the Son must he ignorant of the whole mystery of the religion of godliness."





        MEMOIRS

        Of

        ALEXANDER CAMPBELL

        =================

        "RESTORATION LEADER!"

        =================

        EMBRACING A VIEW OF THE ORIGIN,

        PROGRESS AND PRINCIPLES OF

        THE RELIGIOUS REFORMATION WHICH HE ADVOCATED

        ========================

        Originally By ROBERT RICHARDSON

        Annotated by NewtonStein

        VOLUME-I, 1,000 PAGES

        CINCINNATI - STANDARD PUBLISHING COMPANY.

        Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1897, by ROBERT RICHARDSON, In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, for the District of West Virginia.

        MEMOIR WEBPAGES:

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      SCRIPTURE: "For the Son of Man is come to seek and to SAVE that which is lost!" Luk 19:10 "For I came NOT to judge the world, but to SAVE the world. John 12:47 SCRIPTURE: "And I, if I be lifted up from the Earth, I WILL DRAW ALL men unto Me." John 12:32
        QUESTION: Do you Believe God the Son (Jesus Christ): Succeeds?___ Or Fails?___ center>

      God the Spirit’s Goals:

      SCRIPTURE: Jesus declares: "'I ’WILL’' send Him (Holy Spirit) unto you, and when He is come 'He ’WILL’' testify of Me: John 14:26 SCRIPTURE: "He ’WILL’ reprove the world [convict, convince, correct] of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment: John 16:7 SCRIPTURE: (1)Of Sin, because they believe not on me; ... (2) Of Righteousness, because I go to my Father; ...(3)Of Judgment, because the 'Prince of this World' IS JUDGED![A] John 16:8-10
        QUESTION: Do you believe God the Spirit Succeeds?___ Or Fails?___

        Who Achieves STATED GOALS? GODHEAD or Satan?

        If you believe,
          God the Father,
            God the Son, &
              God the Spirit
                Achieve Goals, NOT Satan;
                  Please "CLICK" below!
      "I Believe GOD ACHIEVES HIS GOALS for the World!"

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      CONSERVATIVE RANKING OF ALL 50 STATES

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      UNITING CONSERVATIVES into "ONE NATION UNDER GOD!"


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      The "Inerrant Word of God!" Declares
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      Dearest Visitor!
      People PRAY 'ROUND-THE-CLOCK' for ALL who VISIT THIS PAGE!
      We BEG of YOU - TODAY - to "M-E-M-O-R-I-Z-E!" this SCRIPTURE!
      "These things have I written unto you who BELIEVE,
      THAT YE MAY KNOW That ye HAVE ETERNAL LIFE!" 1 John 5:13
      Let's Break it Down!
      "These things have I WRITTEN" (Absolute, Unchanging)
      Unto You who BELIEVE, (BELIEVE! Plus Nothing! Minus Nothing!)
      THAT YE MAY K-N-O-W! (NOT 'Hope', 'Wish', 'Think', 'Suppose', etc.,)
      That ye HAVE! (NOT "WILL HAVE"...SOMEDAY! But HAVE NOW!)
      Eternal Life!" (You "Receive" Christ, He comes into Your HEART PROMISING!
      "I WILL NEVER LEAVE YOU NOR FORSAKE YOU!" Heb 13:5
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      FACT!
      You know..."IF" you believe...that Jesus Christ died on the Cross:
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      PLEASE CLICK...IF YOU BELIEVE WE CAN "KNOW"
      I BELIEVE, ETERNAL LIFE CAN BE KNOWN FOR SURE, IN THIS LIFE! 1 John 5:13
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      Worth Studying For? Believing For? Eating For? Obeying For?

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      45] “MEDIPEDIA™" - ASTHMA THERAPY: Natural and Complementary Methods
      [46] “MEDIPEDIA™" – Can You Really HEART ATTACK PROOF Yourself by Diet
      [47] “MEDIPEDIA™" – ANTI-AGING SECRETS: Dietary-Secret-to-ANTI-AGING-HORMONE(Very Brief!)
      [48] “MEDIPEDIA™" – Why Do MEDICAL DOCTORS DIE YOUNGER?
      [49] “MEDIPEDIA™" – BIBLE HEALTH: ANTI-AGING SECRETS: Moses Said His "Natural Force" was NOT Abated!
      [50] “MEDIPEDIA™" – BIBLE HEALTH: ANTI-AGING SECRETS: Moses Said His "Natural Force" was NOT Abated!
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      *COPYRIGHT NOTICE*

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      Could you please share your State of Salvation that we may better know and serve you, our readers?

      At this time, I do NOT believe Jesus is the Saviour!
      I DO believe Jesus is the Saviour; I know I have Eternal Life!
      I do NOT believe it is possible to 'Know in this life' - IF one has Eternal Life;
      In 'THREE MINUTES'...you can "Know for Certain!" if your NOW HAVE Eternal Life! (or not!) 1 John 5:13
      I want to know with CERTAINLY what God's Word declares:
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      A Second Most Important Question!

      Can you explain to a Spouse, a Child, or a Friend, HOW "Eternal Life as God's FREE GIFT" (Rom 6:23), Unearned and Undeserved? Eph 2:8-9
      If not, please read "Eternal Life as God's FREE GIFT!" Eph 2:8-9, Tit 3:5


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      PLEASE READ DOCTRINAL DISCLAIMER:

      Ministers-Best-Friend.com is an Absolute, Bible-Believing, Christian Ministry, seeking to serve the Ministers - and dedicated Christians who serve the LORD JESUS.

      As such, we provide web-space to a number of Ministries - notably "NewtonStein!" (a Creation-Based Science Research Group), as well as AMERIPEDIA, BIBLIPEDIA, CHRISTIPEDIA, CATHOLIPEDIA, HISTIPEDIA, ISLAMIPEDIA, JUDAEOPEDIA, POLITIPEDIA, TEA-PARTY-UNITED, MEDIPEDIA, ETC.;

      All Absolute-Bible-Believing, and each has their specific calling and ministry to reach Muslims, Jews, Scientists, teach Biblical Medicine and Health, Godly Government, Church Leadership, sharing American Godly History, and the HAND OF GOD in World History over the Ages!

      Obviously, all branches of Christianity do not agree doctrinally - or politically - and sometimes even disagree on the actual facts concerning a particular scripture, event, leader, nation or situation: Thus there are well over 10,000 denominations in the world!

        (THAT'S WHY JESUS WARNED US AGAINST "GNAT STRAINING!" - and "CAMEL SWALLOWING!")

      We neither claim nor present ourselves as having perfect knowledge in all things. . . or anything!

      Thus views and articles posted on this website are those of their authors – who often insist their identities, denominational, and/or doctrinal persuasion NOT be made known for various reasons.

      These are offered to you as wise people of God - True Christian Patriots - WHATEVER YOUR NATION - to discern for your own judgement and edification unto Our LORD JESUS CHRIST.

      Finally, we trust, hope, and pray, that ALL BELIEVERS who look to the Lord Jesus ONLY, to the Word of God ONLY, to "God's WILL ONLY, being done on this Earth AS IN HEAVEN!" (Matt 6:10, Luke 11:2). . . . . .(IS THIS YOUR PRAYER, DAILY GOAL FOR YOUR CHURCH, CITY, STATE, NATION, and THE WORLD???)

      In the NAME of Jesus Christ, Our Lord and Saviour, KING of all Kings, LORD of all Lords, REIGNING SUPREME, COMING AGAIN!

      Be Blessed!

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      [3] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Greatest PLAN of Evangelization: DO THE MATH, (Brief!)
      [4] “BIBLIPEDIA™" –Jesus said: “I WILL Build MY Church!”
      (But Did He Really Mean It?)
      [5] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Alarming Church News! USA! (Brief)
      [6] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Christ’s Commission: Does it Mean “Global Domination?”
      [7] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Can You Face The Truth? Part-1 (MESSAGE)
      [8] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Can You Face The Truth? Part-2 (MESSAGE)
      [9] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Jesus and Paul on the “End-of-the-World”
      [10] “BIBLIPEDIA™" - Conservative Activists: "Who's Who in Christian Politics?
      [11] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Is Our Modern Church Ignorant of Christ’s Purpose?
      [12] "RAPTURE-READY™" Why Jesus didn't come back in 2009, '10, '11! (You Know?)
      [13] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Preachers’ Greatest Sin: (Are You guilty?)
      [14] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Christ Warns: A “Five-Fold-Question!”
      [15] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – OPEN LETTER to Our Fellow Laborers
      [16] “BIBLIPEDIA™" - "Are All Denominations Wrong? Mostly?
      [17] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Who Will save Christianity?
      [18] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – A Workable Plan that would-Truly Revive Christianity!
      [19] “BIBLIPEDIA™" - "American Christianity Rides The Titanic!
      [20] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Founding Fathers’ Kingdom, Now Dominion!
      [21] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Great Falling Away Prophesied by Apostle Paul!
      [22] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Biblical End of World, Basic Terms and Concepts
      [23] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Christianity Dying In Western Civilization: WHY?
      [24] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Christian Myths! Do You Believe Them?
      [25] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Church Growth Goals Priority Page
      [26] "RAPTURE-READY™" – Modern Christianity Is A Mess!
      [27] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – The “Anti-Christ Home Page
      [28] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – TOP-TEN Messages To Maximize Your Ministry
      [29] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Calling All Christians Unite, Christ Commands!
      [30] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Christianity Is Confusing and Getting WORSE! WHY?
      [31] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Every-Minister A Hero
      [32] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Legal Abortion: Is It Good for Christians?
      [33] "CHRISTIPEDIA™" – Southern Baptists Dying: WHY?
      [34] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Satan’s TOP-TEN Greatest-Lies! Do You Believe Any?
      [35] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Truth Test-3 Questions For Christians
      [36] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Evangelicals Call for Government School Exodus!
      [37] “BIBLIPEDIA™" - "Hall of Faith" Christian Activist Ministers, 20th Cent."
      [38] “BIBLIPEDIA™" –The Early Christian-Church Outlaws Homosexuality!
      [39] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – PREACHERS! Do You Know About PULPIT FREEDOM SUNDAY?
      [40] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – GOD-GIVEN Rights, Guaranteed in Bible: Called “Civil & Human” Rights
      [41] “BIBLIPEDIA™" - "Rush Limbaugh Quotes" on Christ and Christianity!
      [42] “BIBLIPEDIA™" - "TALK-RADIO REPUBLICANS, "Republican Power and Catholics!"
      [43] “BIBLIPEDIA™" - "GREAT COMMISSION MANDATE!" Some Sobering Questions;
      [44] “BIBLIPEDIA™" - "Hall of Faith" Christian Activist Ministers 20th Century"
      [45] “BIBLIPEDIA™" –The Early Christian-Church Outlaws Homosexuality!
      [46] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – PREACHERS! Do You Know About PULPIT FREEDOM SUNDAY?
      [47] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – GOD-GIVEN Rights Guaranteed in Bible: Called “Civil & Human” Rights
      [48] “BIBLIPEDIA™" - "Rush Limbaugh Quotes" on Christ and Christianity!
      [49] “BIBLIPEDIA™" - "TALK-RADIO REPUBLICANS, "Republican Power and Catholics!"
      [50] “AMERIPEDIA™" - George Washington Used 30-THEOLOGICAL TERMS, 3000 Times!

      ASSOCIATION DISCLAIMER

        *Cambridge Theological Seminary USA & Global has no connection or relationship to Cambridge University in England, EXCEPT . . .

        . . . we at "CAMBRIDGE in the USA!" are carrying on their "Christian Values of nearly 1,000 Years!" . . . as they have long since become secular humanists, agnostics and atheists: "Anti-Christ" in almost every way, and contrary to every Scripture.

        Cambridge Theological Seminary USA, with the tremendous growth in Global Ministry has had to undergo radical restructuring - as China, alone - swallows up time an resources helping start 400 Churches a month, plus India, and even hostile Muslim Nations!

        Under re-construction and growing greatly, we plan to have the full program in operation again in 2014;

        Pray for us, please!

        MBF


      *Cambridge Theological Seminary:

        Cambridge Theological Seminary is a "Church" and recognizes no agency or religious institution apart from the local Church:

        FACT! Jesus Christ only claimed ONE INSTITUTION as His Own, HIS CHURCH! (Matt 16:18); Thus Scripturally, we recognize no religious institution apart from Christ's Church, be it a SEPARATE Bible College, Seminary, University, Mission Board, TV-RADIO Media Ministry, etc., etc.,

          JESUS ORDAINED NO ORGANIZATION-INSTITUTION EXCEPT HIS CHURCH, ESTABLISHING ITS PURPOSE, GOVERNMENT and AUTHORITY!

          And any Christian Day School, Christian Bible School, Seminary (training Ministers), that is NOT CHURCH is NOT SCRIPTURAL.

        FACT! Jesus - as leader of His Church here on Earth - TRAINED MINISTERS as part of HIS CHURCH . . . Jesus did NOT ordain a "separate" institution, or set up a "different" way, with "other" goals, and it's "own" authority, to train-educate Ministers!

        FACT! If a Bible School or Seminary is NOT a Church, it is NOT Scriptural School, and has NO RIGHT to train-educate Ministers, Christian School Teachers!

        FACT! If a Church is NOT Teaching Doctrine, Training and Ordaining Ministers, it is NOT a Scriptural Church - NOT a True Church - regardless what the IRS declares according to 501-C-3!

          (PS. Church is also NOT a Singing-and-Entertainment Center!);


        FACT! "Doctor" has NOTHING to do with medicine (except in modern American slang and pop" culture;

        FACT: "Doctor" in the Greek is "Master Teacher" and was used by Jesus many times!

        FACT! Old Testament Scholars were "Doctor's of the Law" over 3,000 years BEFORE modern Schools "copied" the word "Doctor" from the Bible!

        FACT! Likewise the word "Degree!"

        FACT: Thus "Doctor" and "Degree" are both Scriptural Concepts and words of Doctrine preceding the MODERN STATE UNIVERSITIES by millennia!

        FACT: That Harvard and Yale, Cambridge an Oxford CHOOSE to copy these terms from the Holy Scriptures, DOES NOTE preclude Christ's Church from retaining - and using - what has ALWAYS been ours!

      Go thou and teach likewise!


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      Welcome to the "Ministers-Best-Friend!" ..... home of Cambridge Theological Seminary ..... the "World's Largest Conservative Bible Seminary!" .....of "Bible Churches United for Christ! ..... in a season of GLOBAL increase ..... WE PROVIDED THE PAPERWORK TO START 778 NEW CHURCHES "PER MONTH" IN 2011 (World-Wide)..... averaging 421 a month in USA ..... 62 a month in CHINA ..... 46 & 32 respectively, in RUSSIA & INDIA ..... the "CAMBRIDGE CONFEDERATION now with 16,518 Ordained Ministers ..... 14,687 Local Churches ..... and 6,709,878 Members ..... 'ADDED' since AD-2,000, now in 192 "KNOWN NATIONS" (and Territories) ..... and 17 "UNKNOWN NATIONS" of Islamic origin ..... "WHY the increase in this time of Global Economic Depression?" ..... ONLY GOD KNOWS .... but we believe His Blessing is because ..... we are striving our best to BLESS HIS MINISTERS ..... His "Called-Servants" ..... in every way we can!
      DEAR FRIEND ..... PLEASE take a FEW SECONDS ..... NOTE our "15 PROGRAMS BELOW ..... in which we may be able to ENHANCE YOUR MINISTRY CREDENTIALS ..... you may DESIRE to use them later ..... THANK YOU ..... MAY GOD BLESS YOU .....PLEASE PRAY for US ..... PLEASE TELL OTHERS ..... PRAY-FOR-US ...... and COME BACK OFTEN!
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