[*] Age Acquired, Unknown - (1685) - Probably had it from earliest days:
“Contemplations Moral and Divine”
By Hale, Sir Matthew. London: 1685. Note: Belonged originally to George Washington’s father, Augustine.
[*] Age Acquired, Unknown - (1723) -“ “The True Nature of Imposture (Imposter) Fully Display’d in the Life of Mahomet.” [MOHAMMAD] (An Anti-Islamic Book on Mohammad)
By Pridieux, Humphrey, D.D.. London: 1723.
“With a Discourse Annex'd for the “Vindicating of Christianity from this Charge”
[*] Age Acquired, Unknown - (1723) - “A Polemical Tract Against Deists and Deism”
By Pridieux, Humphrey, D.D.. London: 1723.
[*] Age Acquired, Unknown (1689-1739) “The Trial of the Seven Bishops” 1 volume.
Note: The Seven Bishops were, committed to prison in June, 1688, King by James II, because of their opposition to the King’s Declaration of Indulgence.
 George Washington’s First Book acquired, signed: at Age 7-8 (1739-40)
On Scriptural Revelation
176 pages. “The Sufficiency of a Standing Revelation in General, and of the Scripture Revelation in Particular.
Both as to the Matter of it, and as to the Proof of it; and that new Revelations cannot reasonably be desired, and would probably be unsuccessful.”
By Blackhall, Offspring (1654-1716), Bishop of Exeter.
 George Washington’s Second Book acquired, at Age 10-11 (1742)signed by George and both parents:
"On Common Prayer"
460 pages “Short Discourses upon the whole Common-Prayer” Designed to inform the Judgment, and excite the Devotion of such as daily use the same.
By Dean of Durham, Comber, Thomas, D.D. (1645-1699)
NOTE: This is the time his first prayer is found, from Christmas day
 George Washington’s 3rd Book acquired, at Age 11 (1743), signed:
"On Creation & Science"
405 pages. . The Wisdom of God manifested in the Works of the Creation. In two Parts. Viz. The Heavenly Bodies, Elements, Meteors, Fossils, Vegetables, Animals, (Beasts, Birds, Fishes, and Insects) More particularly in the Body of the Earth, its Figure, Motion, and Consistency; and in the admirable Structure of the Bodies of Man and other Animals; as also in their Generation, &c. -
With Answers to some Objections.
By Ray, John (1627-1704/5), English naturalist, late Fellow of the Royal Society.
 George Washington’s 4th Book acquired, at Age 13 (1745) signed:
The Travels of Cyrus. To which is annexed, a Discourse Against the Theology and Mythology of the Pagans.
By Ramsay, Andrew Michael. The seventh Edition. London, England:
 George Washington’s 5th Book acquired, Age 14 1746, signed:
406 pages. Seneca’s Morals by way of Abstract. To which is added, A Discourse under the Title of an After-Thought. By Sir Roger L’Estrange, Knt. The fifteenth Edition. London, England: Printed for G. Strahan, 1746. 406 pages.
 George Washington’s 6th Book acquired, Age 15 1747, signed:
"A Greek Bible."
Novum Testamentum Domini nostri Jesu Christi: interprete Theodoro Beza.
347 pages. London, England: Printed by G. Innys, A. Ward, S. Birt, T. Longman, C. Hitch, & J. & J. Rivington, 1747 (1747-48). 347 pages.
Note: Bears autograph of Washington, written about age 15.
The title page also has the following inscription, “Charles Robinson’s Book 1748/9.” There are other marks in it. 5 Perhaps bought new, birthday?
 George Washington’s 7th Book acquired, Age 16 1750. signed:
"Meditations and Contemplations."
Hervey, James. 2 volumes. London: 1750.Note: A copy of this work, bearing the signature of Mary Ball Washington was sold at an auction of Washington
 George Washington’s 5th Book acquired,  Age 16 (1750). signed by George Washington:
"Berington, Simon, English Catholic Divine"
466 pages. Berington, Simon (1679/80-1755), English Catholic divine. Dissertations on the Mosaical Creation, Deluge, Building of Babel, and Confusion of Tongues, &c….By S. Berington. London, England: Printed for the Author,
Note: Autograph of Washington, written about age 17, on the title page. 4
 George Washington’s 9th Book acquired, Age 29 1761, NOT signed:
"The Sermons of Mr. Yorick."
1761 Sterne, Laurence. The Sermons of Mr. Yorick. The fourth Edition. London: Printed for R. and J. Dodsley, 1761.
2 volumes, 203 pages and 216 pages, respectively.
Note: Does not contain either George Washington’s signature or his bookplate. 47
 George Washington’s 10th Book acquired, Age 29-30, 1762, signed by Older Brother Augustine, perhaps a gift;
"The History of the Old and the New Testaments:"
(before 1762) Reeve, J. The history of the Old and the New Testaments, interspersed with instructive and moral reflections, chiefly taken from the holy fathers. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: no date.
Note: Described by the appraisers after George Washington’s death as “History of the Holy Scriptures, 1 vol.”
A copy of this book, bearing the signatures of George Washington’s older half-brother, Augustine Washington (1720-1762) and his wife, Ann [Aylett] Washington (1726-1774), was sold at an auction of Washington memorabilia in 1891. 35
 Age 33 1765. 504 pages Barclay, Robert (1648-1690), English Quaker. An Apology for the True Christian Divinity, being an Explanation and Vindication of the Principles and Doctrines of the People called Quakers. Written in Latin and English, by Robert Barclay, and since translated into High Dutch, Low Dutch, French, and Spanish, for the Information of Strangers. The eighth Edition in English. Birmingham, England: Printed by John Baskerville,
 Age 34 (1766). 501 pages. Burnet, Gilbert (1643-1715), Bishop of Sarum. An Exposition of the Thirty-nine Articles of the Church of England. Written by Gilbert Bishop of Sarum. The sixth Edition corrected. London, England: Printed for J. Knapton, C. Hitch…,1759 . 501 pages Note: Washington’s autograph and the date 1766 are written on the title page. Washington purchased the book that year from Cary & Company, his agents in London.12
 Age 40 (1772). [Churchill, Charles?]. Sermons on the Lord’s Prayer. London & Dublin: 1 volume.Note: Described in the inventory done after Washington’s death as “Churchill’s Sermon, 1 vol.,” 1765.this probably refers to Sermons on the Lord’s Prayer, which is thought to be the work of poet Charles Churchill or his father, of the same name, who was the rector of Rainham in Essex. The book was purchased by George Washington for 7 shillings, 6 pence on 14 11/3/1772.
Reformed  1772 [Fletcher, or de la Flechere, John William]. An appeal to matter of fact and common sense, or A rational demonstration of man’s corrupt and lost estate. Third edition. London: no date [1773-1785]. 1 volume.
Note: Bears George Washington’s autograph.
As far as the date is concerned, the first & second editions were published in Bristol in 1772 & 1773, respectively; the fourth edition was published in London in 1785. In 1897, this book was in the collection of the Lenox Library in New York. 17
 1771-72 Jortin, John. Sermons. London: date unknown. 2 volumes. Note: Jortin’s sermons were initially published as a collection in 7 volumes in London in 1771-72; the third edition of this work was published in 1787.22
 Age 42 1774. Vol 1: 321 pages. Vol 2: 307 pages. Brutus, and Humphrey Search (pseudonym). Essays, historical, political and moral; being a proper Supplement to Baratariana (NOTE- CRITICAL ESSAYS). By Brutus, and Humphrey Search. In two Volumes. Dublin, Ireland: Printed for and sold by the Booksellers, Note: George Washington’s signature is written on the title pages of both volumes. 11
 1774. The STATE of man, here and hereafter, considered; in three epistles to a friend. Bristol: 1774. Note: Described by the appraisers after George Washington’s death as “State of Man, 1 vol.” A second edition of this work was published in 1776. 46
 Age 43 1775. Sharp, Granville (1734-1813), English political writer. Remarks on several very important prophecies. London: 1775.
Note: Described by the appraisers after George Washington’s death as “Sharp on the Prophecies, 1 vol.” Sold at an auction of Washington memorabilia in 1876. 38
 1775. Spinckes, Nathaniel. The sick man visited and furnished with instructions, meditations, and prayers suitable to his condition. London: 1712.Note: Described by the appraisers after George Washington’s death as “Sick Man Visited, 1 vol.” A sixth edition of this work was published in 1775. 45
 1776. 357 pages The Law of Retribution; or, a serious Warning to Great Britain and her Colonies, founded on unquestionable Examples of God’s temporal Vengeance against Tyrants, Slave-Holders, and Oppressors…. By Granville Sharp. London: Printed by W. Richardson for B. White, 1776. 357 pages.Note: This book bears neither George Washington’s bookplate nor his signature. 39
 1783. Smith, William. Ahiman Rezon abridged and digested: as a help to all that are or would be Free and Accepted Masons. To which is added A sermon preached in Christ Church, Philadelphia, Dec. 28, 1778. Philadelphia: 1783.Note: Presented to George Washington as a gift; sold at auctions in 1876 and 1891. By 1897, it was owned by Mr. John Nicholas Brown of Providence. 41
 1785. West, Samuel. Two discourses delivered at Needham on occasion of the public fast, April 7, 1785. Boston, Massachusetts: 1785.Note: Described by the appraisers after George Washington’s death as “West’s Discourse, 1 vol.”52
 Age 53 1785 (1794) 3 volumes. Bible. The Holy Bible; containing the books of the Old and New Testaments, and the Apocrypha. Carefully printed from the first edition (compared with others) of the present translation. With notes, by the Right Reverend Father in God, Thomas Wilson, D.D., Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man. And various renderings, collected from other translations by the Reverend Clement Cruttwell, the editor. Bath, England: Printed by R. Cruttwell and sold by Rivingtons’ [etc.], Note: Sent to George Washington in May of 1794 by Reverend Clement Cruttwell; now in the collection at the Library of Congress. 7
 (1787) Haller, Albrecht von. Letters from Baron Haller to His Daughter on the Truth of the Christian Religion. London: 1783.Note: Purchased by George Washington in Philadelphia on September 12th, 1787, while he was in the city presiding over the Constitutional Convention. He paid 8 shillings and four pence for the book. 19
 1788 305 pages Smith, William Pitt. The Universalist. In Seven Letters to Amyntor; by William Pitt Smith. That God may be all in all. New York: Printed by Francis Childs, 1788. 305 pages.Note: George Washington’s autograph is written on the title page; the book also bears his bookplate. On the fly-leaf is an inscription from the author to George Washington. 42
 1788. The REPOSITORY; containing Various political, philosophical, literary, and miscellaneous Articles. Published in Numbers, which will appear successively on the first and sixteenth of every month. [Vol. I., II.] London, England: Printed by W. Justins, 1788. 2 volumes.Note: George Washington’s autograph is written on the title pages.36
 1788. 230 pages. Phipps, Joseph (1708-1787), English Quaker. The original and present State of Man, briefly considered: wherein is shewn the Nature of his Fall, and the Necessity, Means and Manner of his Restoration, through the Sacrifice of Christ, and the sensible Operation of that Divine Principle of Grace and Truth, held forth to the World, by the People called Quakers. To which are added, some Remarks on the Arguments of Samuel Newton, of Norwich. By Joseph Phipps. Originally published in London, England; New York: reprinted by William Ross, 1788. 230 pages. Note: George Washington’s autograph is written on the title page; also contains his bookplate. 27
 1789 Swedenborg, Emanuel. True Christian Religion; containing the universal Theology of the New Church: which was foretold by the Lord in Daniel, Chap. vii. 5, 13, 14, and in the Apocalypse, Chap. xxi. 1, 2. By Emanuel Swedenborg, Servant of the Lord Jesus Christ. Translated from the original Latin [by John Clowes]. In two Volumes. The third Edition. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Printed by Francis Bailey, 1789-1792. Note: Contains no autograph or bookplate. There was a New Church Society of Baltimore. 48
 1789 123 pages Spangenberg, August Gottlieb (1704-1792), Moravian bishop. An Account of the Manner in which the Protestant Church of the Unitas Fratrum or United Brethren, preach the Gospel, and carry on their Missions among the Heathen. Translated from the German by the Rev. August Gottlieb Spangenberg. London, England: Printed and sold by H. Trapp, 1788. 127 pages. Note: Contains George Washington’s autograph on the title page, as well as his bookplate. This work was a gift to Washington in July of 1789 from the United Brethren for Propagating the Gospel among the Heathen. 43
 Age 57 1789 - The CHRISTIAN’S, Scholar’s, … Magazine; calculated, in an eminent Degree, to promote Religion; to disseminate useful Knowledge; to afford literary Pleasure and Amusement, and to advance the Interests of Agriculture. By a Number of Gentlemen. Vol. I. April, 1789-Mar. 1790. Elizabeth-Town, New Jersey: Printed and sold by Shepard Kollock, 1789.Note: George Washington’s autograph is on the title page; this work also bears Washington’s bookplate. 13
14] 1790. Cruttwell, Clement (1743-1808), English author and compiler. A Concordance of Parallels, collected from Bibles and Commentaries, which have been published in Hebrew, Latin, French, Italian, Spanish, English, and other Languages; with the Authorities of each. By the Rev. C. Cruttwell, Editor of Bishop Wilson’s Works, &c. Printed for the Author; and sold by the Booksellers in London, Bath,…1790. 135 pages Note: Washington’s autograph is written on the title page. The author sent the concordance to Washington in 1794. 16
. 1791, 174 pages REASON and Faith, or, philosophical Absurdities, and the necessity of Revelation, intended to promote Faith among Infidels, and the unbounded Exercise of Humanity among all religious Men. By one of the Sons of Abraham to his Brethren. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Printed by F. Bailey, 1791, 174 pages.Note: Inscribed on the title page, “The Printer. To the President of the United States”; George Washington’s signature is written on the third page.34
 1791 Langdon, Samuel. Observations on the Revelations. Worcester, Massachusetts: 1791. Note: A surviving letter indicates that the author sent a copy of this work to George Washington in August of 1791. 23
 1792 Shipley, Reverend Jonathan. Works. London: 1792. 2 volumes.Note: Gift to George Washington in 1792 from the Reverend William Davies Shipley, the son of the author and Dean of St. Asaph. Sold at an auction of Washington memorabilia in 1876; owned by Charles J. Hoadly of Hartford, Connecticut, in 1897. 40
 Age 60] 1792. Bible. The self-interpreting Bible containing the Old and New Testaments. To which are annexed marginal references and illustrations, an exact summary of the several books, a paraphrase on the most obscure or important parts, an analysis of the contents of each chapter, explanatory notes, and evangelical reflections, by the late Reverend John Brown, Minister of the Gospel at Haddington. New York: Note: Contains George Washington’s autograph. Inscribed at the beginning of the New Testament by Jane Charlotte Blackburn Washington (1786-1855), “This Holy Book belonging to the late Genl G. Washington was given by Judge [Bushrod] Washington to John A. and Jane C. Washington soon after their marriage.” In 1897, it was owned by their grandson, Lawrence Washington, of Alexandria, Virginia. 8
 Age 61 1793 Blair, Hugh. Sermons. To which is prefixed that admired tract, On the internal Evidence of the Christian religion. 2 volumes. Baltimore, Maryland: Reprinted for the Rev. M.L. Weems, -93.Note: A surviving letter from Reverend Weems indicates that George Washington paid for and a copy of the American edition of this work. 10
 1794. Townsend, Shippie. Gospel News, Divided into Eleven Sections. Peace and Joy: Being a Brief Attempt to consider the Evidences of the Truth of the GOSPEL, in which we have the witness of Peace with GOD, through JESUS CHRIST, drawn from the Old and New-Testaments, together with our Obligations to keep the Foundation of our Peace, thus evidenced always in Remembrance; with several other Pieces connected with and built upon this foundation, part of which was not before published. Boston, Massachusetts: Printed by Alexander Young and Thomas Minns, 1794.Note: Contains George Washington’s autograph. This work was sold at an auction of Washington memorabilia in 1876. 49 It is now in the collection at Mount Vernon.
 1794 Wilson, Thomas (1663-1755), Bishop of Sodor and Man. The works of the Right Reverend Father in God Thomas Wilson, D.D. Fifty-eights years Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man. With his life, compiled from authentic papers by the Revd. C. Cruttwell. The 2nd edition. Bath and London: Printed by R. Cruttwell and sold by C. Dilly, Poultry, 1782. 2 volumes in 1.Note: Inscribed “To His Excellency General Washington. These Works of the Bishop of Sodor and Man are respectfully presented by D. Wilson Son of the Author as a Small Testimony of the Esteem he bears to the Character of a Man who has in so glorious a manner protected, saved, and delivered his Country. Alfred House, Bath, April 4, 1783.” Sent to Washington in by Mr. Cruttwell. Later given by Martha Washington to her eldest granddaughter, Eliza Parke Custis Law (1776-1831), in whose family it descended. Now in the collection at Mount Vernon. 53
 1795 [Muir, James]. [An examination of the principles contained in the Age of Reason. Baltimore, Maryland: 1795].Note: Described in the inventory done after George Washington’s death as “Muir’s Discourses, 1 vol.,” this book was a gift to George Washington. In 1897, it was owned by Mr. F.E. Marshall of Philadelphia. 25
 1796 Ogden, Uzal, D.D. (1744-1822). Antidote to Deism. The Deist Unmasked; or an ample Refutation of all the Objections of Thomas Paine, against the Christian Religion; as contained in a Pamphlet, intitled , The Age of Reason; addressed to the Citizens of these States. By the Reverend Uzal Ogden, Rector of Trinity Church, at Newark, in the State of New-Jersey. To which is prefixed, Remarks on Boulanger’s Christianity unveiled. And to the Deist Unmasked, is annexed a Short Method of the Deists. By the Revered Charles Leslie. In two Volumes. Newark, New Jersey: Printed by John Woods, 1795. 2 volumes: Volume 1, 327 pages; Volume 2, 342 pages.Note: George Washington’s autograph is written on the title pages of both volumes; given to Washington by the author in 1796. 26
 1796. 229 pages. Watts, Isaac. The Beauties of the late Rev. Dr. Isaac Watts; containing the most striking and admired Passages in the Works of that justly celebrated Divine, Philosopher, Moralist, and Poet: Equally calculated for the Communication of Polite and Useful Knowledge, and the Increase of Wisdom and Happiness. To which is added, the Life of the Author. Elizabeth-Town: Printed by Shepard Kollock, 1796. 229 pages.Note: The volume at the Boston Athenaeum was among George Washington’s books, but not listed in the inventory done after his death. There is also a volume of this work in the collection at Mount Vernon, which came with a history of ownership by Washington. 51
 1796. An exposition of Christian doctrine as taught in the Protestant Church of the United Brethren. Translated, with a preface, by Benjamin Latrobe. Bath: 1796.Note: A copy, said to be from George Washington’s library, was sold at auction in 1891, when it was bought by a person named “Davis.” The Boston Athenaeum has a copy of the 1784 London edition of this book, bearing a spurious Washington bookplate. 44
 1797 Joseph Priestley, L.L.D. F.R.S - Observations on the Increase of Infidelity. By . &c. &c. The third Edition. To which are added, Animadversions on the Writings of several modern Unbelievers, and especially the Ruins of Mr. Volney. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Printed for Thomas Dobson, 1797. 179 pages. 31
 Loskiel, George Henry (1740-1814), Moravian missionary. History of the Mission of the United Brethren among the Indians in North America. In three Parts. By George Henry Loskiel. Translated from the German by Christian Ignatius La Trobe. London: Printed for the Brethren’s Society for the furtherance of the Gospel, 1794. 626 pages.Note: Washington’s signature is written on the title page of this work, which was probably a gift to him from the Society of United Brethren (Moravians). 24
Humphrey Prideaux , Doctor of Divinity and scholar, belonged to an ancient Cornish family, was born at Padstow, and educated at Westminster School and at Oxford. Among his other works were > an anti-Islamic Life of Mahomet . > It was really a polemical tract against the deists and now has no biographical value. The Old and New Testament connected in the History of the Jews and Neighbouring Nations was long an important work, of which many editions were... brought out. It was among the earliest English works to use the term Vulgar Era, though Kepler used the term as early as 1635. Like many high churchmen of his day, Prideaux was as much concerned with politics as with religion. In January 1674, for instance, Prideaux recorded in his letters a visit to his home of William Levett, a fellow Doctor of Divinity from Oxford, Principal of Magdalen Hall . With Levett came Lord Cornbury, son of the Earl of Clarendon, Levett's principal patron.
 1797 Keatinge, George. The Maryland Ahiman Rezon, of Free & Accepted Masons;
Containing the History of Masonry, from the Establishment of the Grand Lodge to the Present Time; with their ancient Charges, Addresses, Prayers, Lectures, Prologues, Epilogues, Songs, &c. Corrected from their old Records, faithful Traditions, & Lodge-Books.
Compiled by Order of the Grand Lodge of Maryland, by Brother G. Keatinge, W.M.B.L. Baltimore, Maryland: Printed by W. Pechin—for George Keatinge’s Book-Store, 1797. 272 pages.
Note: Contains no autograph or bookplate. 21
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