King James of Scotland ascended the throne of England with the "divine right of kings" firmly embedded in his mind.
Unfortunately, that wasn't his only mental problem.
In those days an "open city' was one in which the inhabitants were allowed to believe in or print what they preferred
King James I, among his many other faults, preferred young boys to adult women. He was a flaming homosexual. His activities in that regard have been recorded in numerous books and public records; so much so, that there is no room for debate on the subject.
The very people who use the King James Bible today would be the first ones to throw such a deviant out of their congregations.
King James enjoyed killing animals. He called it "hunting." Once he killed an animal, he would literally roll about in its blood.
While King of Scotland in 1591, he personally supervised the torture of poor wretches caught up in the witchcraft trials of Scotland.
One "accused witch" Barbara Napier, was acquitted. That event so angered James that he wrote personally to the court on May 10, 1591, ordering a sentence of death for her, and had the jury called into custody.
Beyond that, King James first imprisoned for a decade in cruel conditions, then had one of England's most decorated heroes and statesmen assassinated:
. . .to Raleigh's widow and children as they ate their evening meal!
After that, he stole Sir Walter Raleigh's property, leaving his widow and children destitute and homeless!
of which he was the ONLY EDITOR and final word . . .
(even changing the name of the "Book of Jacob" to JAMES AFTER HIMSELF!!! . . . (Check any Greek Lexicon or concordance for James in the original language!!!
. . . and (C)Forcing all ministers to be LICENSED by the King's Government - the State (just like modern USA) - AFTER (D)having been ordained by the KING and the British Parliament!
So radical were the British Kings, that new Ministers in the American Colonies had to GO TO ENGLAND to be ORDAINED by Parliament and aware allegiance to the KING as head of the Church!
Those who refused STATE RELIGION were whipped, imprisoned, lost property, eventually killed if they did NOT recant!
FACT: Two such Bible Baptist ministers were burned at the stake by King James the YEAR his vile Bible - the KJV - as published: 1611~
To make sure they understood their particular offense, the King himself presided at a new hearing (which could hardly be called a trial) and was gracious enough to release them without punishment when they reversed their verdict.
History has it that James was also a great coward.
On January 7, 1591, the King was in Edinburgh and emerged from the toll booth. A retinue followed that included the Duke of Lennox and Lord Hume.
They fell into an argument with the laird of Logie and pulled their swords. James looked behind, saw the steel flashing, and fled into the nearest refuge which turned out to be a skinner's booth.
There, to his shame, he "fouled his breeches in fear." 
In short, King James I was the kind of despicable creature honorable men loathed, Christians would not associate with, and the Bible itself orders to be put to death. 
Knowing what King James was we can easily discern his motives.
James ascended the English throne in 1603. He wasted no time in ordering a new edition of the Bible in order to deny the common people the marginal notes they so valued in the Geneva Bible.
That King James wasn't going to have any marginal notes to annoy him and lead English citizens away from what he wanted them to think is a matter of public record.
In an account corrected with his own hand dated February 10, 1604, he ordained:
"That a translation be made of the whole Bible, as consonant as can be to the original Hebrew and Greek; and this to be set out and printed without any marginal notes, and only to be used in all churches of England in time of divine service.
James then set up rules that made it impossible for anyone involved in the project to make an honest translation, some of which follow:
1. The ordinary Bible read in the church, commonly called the Bishop's Bible to be followed and as little altered as the truth of the original will permit.
Or, since the common people preferred the Geneva Bible to the existing government publication, let's see if we can slip a superseding government publication onto their bookshelves, altered as little as possible.
2. The old Ecclesiastical words to be kept, viz., the word "church" was to be use translate the Greek "ekklesia" and NOT "congregation" - the word the Puritans had used -
- which showed the Ekklesia-Church to be PEOPLE WITH VOTING DEMOCRATIC RIGHTS and NOT a building . . . and NOT peasants and plebeians in semi-slavery servitude to the dictator king.
That is, if a word should be translated a certain way, let's deliberately mistranslate it to make the people think God still belongs to the Anglican Church - exclusively.
3. No marginal notes at all to be affixed, but only for the explanation of the Hebrew or Greek words, which cannot without some circumlocution, so briefly and fitly be expressed in the text.
James didn't want those pesky marginal notes cropping up, not even once. That was fine for the common herd, but not for James' own bishops. Many of their writings and sermons alluded to the Geneva Bible and its marginal notes decades after the King James Bible was published.
The bishops had good reason to be confused. They needed those marginal notes.
King James had just obliterated a procedure that kings and governments had used for thousands of years. Because words and phrases quite often had several meanings all important state or royal decrees, treaties, and agreements contained marginal explanations or commentaries in order to remove all doubt from the mind of the reader.
In the 16th century those marginal notes were called "glosses."
Today the members of the legal profession use almost the same system in the form of footnotes and case cites.
The King James "Blasphemous!" Bible Perversion was finally printed in 1611.
It was not technically a *translation. What the flunkies employed by King James did was revise and compare other translations of which they simply plagiarized about 20% of the Geneva Bible.
* Translations from one language to another almost never come out word-for word identically.
In their New Testament translation, the King James "translators" didn't even revise and compare. What they did was simply copy – almost word for word - William Tyndale's 1525 New Testament.
At the time of his translation Tyndale's New Testament had been labeled as "seditious material" by Henry VIII and copies discovered on ships reaching English ports were confiscated and destroyed. William Warham, archbishop of Canterbury, even went so far as to buy all the copies he could get in Europe in order to destroy them.
Tyndale was hounded from London to Cologne to Worms. He settled in Marburg under the protection of Philip, landgrave of Hesse. Nobody messed with Big Phil.
Philip didn't care what anyone thought. If he felt like telling the emperor to "stuff it," he did. If neighboring royalty wanted to rumble, Philip showed up with troops. If Philip decided one wife wasn't enough for him, he just took another one.
In March of 1540, after Martin Luther and other prominent Protestant theologians had expressly approved polygamy according to the Scriptures, Philip became Europe's best- known bigamist.
Unfortunately, even Philip couldn't cope with treachery.
Tyndale was betrayed by his personal Judas, Henry Phillips. He was tried for heresy, condemned, strangled at the stake, and his body afterwards burnt.
It is interesting to note that the Geneva Reformers - men such as John Calvin - expressed opinions in the marginal notes that would be simply unacceptable to the "scholars" of today. For example, the passage in Genesis 12:2-3, that reads:
 "And I will make of thee a great nation, and will bless thee, and make thy name great, and thou shalt be a blessing. I will also bless them that bless thee, and curse them that curse thee, and in thee shall all the families of the earth be blessed."
Our ministers today tell us this refers to Jews. That isn't the way the Geneva translators understood it:
 The world shall recover by thy seed, which is Christ, the blessings that were lost in Adam. 
Twentieth century scholarly works, such as the Scofield Reference Bible, published by Oxford University Press, hold that the 38th Chapter of Ezekiel refers to an invasion of Jerusalem by Russian armies leading the Northern European powers.
John Calvin and his cohorts, who annotated the Geneva Bible, understood it a little differently:
The Reverend Scofield and his fellow "scholars" hold up Satan as some sort of boogey-man.
The Geneva translators, as in Psalm 109:6, simply translated the word, "adversary."
In Mark 8:33, Christ said to Peter, "Get thee behind me, Satan." The Geneva translators understood exactly what the word meant and apparently didn't figure anyone else would be dumb enough to equate Peter with the Evil One.
On that, the Geneva and King James translate the word the same.
King James did not stop at censoring the Bible. He carried his "divine right of kings" to the point that he dissolved Parliament.
That institution was to James simply a convenience he needed to raise money for his endless pursuit of pleasure and depravity. When Parliament balked at his requests for money James dissolved it Magna Carta and the liberties of Englishmen were mere frivolities in the mind of James.
As an illustration of the loathing and contempt Christians of that era held for the government of King James I, it is interesting to note that after the first bitter weather in New England, when half their number were dead, not one of the Pilgrim survivors wanted to be taken back to the England of James I aboard the Mayflower.
King James' oldest son died and his second son, Charles, ascended to the throne after the death of James I, Charles also believed in the "divine right of kings."
By 1642, English patience was at an end and civil war erupted.
By 1649, the English Parliament had enough of Charles, who apparently believed that one of his "divine rights" was to sign agreements and then break them any time he felt the urge.
King James' Son Charles was beheaded.
Oliver Cromwell took over the government.
Oliver Cromwell, of Celtic and Welsh ancestry, made the same basic mistake that James I and his son, Charles, made. Cromwell believed, as King James had professed to, that governments were for the common wealth (good) and not the common will.
He tried to legislate moral codes that very few could handle.
The prisons overflowed with his critics. During his invasion of Ireland, he slaughtered enough women and children to fill entire graveyard & Cromwell died in 1658.
The English had had quite enough of his form of government and acquired another king, Charles II.
GENEA BIBLES "SQUASHED!"
The last run of Geneva Bibles was printed in 1644.
That was the year John Milton was invited to instruct the English Parliament on the actual teachings of the Bible regarding divorce (it was allowed).
What Milton understood that none of our modern "experts" seem to was that "He who divorces his wife and marries another," was not a prohibition of divorce, it was a prohibition against throw-away people.
As John Milton in his On Christian Doctrine and Martin Luther in his essay on Deuteronomy 21:15 pointed out, having more than one wife was Scriptural. You just weren't supposed to throw them away when you got bored with them.
Four years after the last Geneva Bible was printed, the Thirty Years War (the last of the great religious wars of Europe) ground to a halt.
Millions had died.
Germany was so depopulated it took her two centuries to recover.
The Reformation had survived.
However, it didn't survive for long.
After several generations of English speakers grew up without the stabilizing influence of the Geneva marginal notes, the "interpret it any way you want" school of thought came into fashion.
The "charismatic" movement was in full swing by 1730.
A few men here and there tried to show people what the religion of their ancestors actually was.
A man named Ferrar Fenton published his own translation of the Bible in 1906, complete with a history lesson at the beginning of each set of books in the Bible.
Another man named George Lamsa wrote "Idioms of the Bible Explained," and tried to show the errors of the modem scholars.
They were drowned by the works of others.
Of course, there were those that went the other way. A backwoods preacher, Noah Fredericks, wrote a book titled, Pilgrim Ships, in which he claimed the people of the Old Testament came from outer space, Moses's rod was an electronic control used to open a fortress (mistranslated, "rock"), Elijah introduced a path for current to flow from the ionosphere to the ground in order to fry two platoons of Ahab's infantry, and other theological positions that will probably never be taken seriously by anybody (unfortunately).
During the 16th Century and the one preceding it, the Spanish Empire, a colossus larger than the Roman Empire, had been unable to stamp out the Reformation with the world's finest and most well equipped armies. The Spaniards needn't have bothered.
What the armies of Catholic Spain were unable to make a dent in, one sadistic sodomite, King James I, did with a pair of censoring scissors.
The Reformation, and the blood of millions who fought for it, apparently went for nothing.
Protestant churches of today hardly resemble the churches of the Reformation.
Today's preachers study the Scofield Reference Edition of the King James, a volume that contains marginal notes that would seem no more accurate to John Calvin and John Knox than Mother Goose.
The blind are once more leading the blind.
This reprinted edition of the 1599.
Geneva Bible is probably the last sputtering flame of the Reformation. The works of John Milton, John Calvin, John Knox, George Buchanan, William Tyndale, and the rest can still be found on the shelves in the public libraries.
Such works are checked out by uninterested college students on an average of about one volume every ten years, no one in today's churches reads them.
1 Luther A, Weigle, The English New Testament, P.24.
2 Otto J. Scott, James I, Passim
4 Ibid, p. 212
5 Ibid, p. 211
6 Leviticus, 20:13 [back]
7 Genesis 12:2 note c 1599 Geneva Bible
8 Ezekiel 38:7. note e 1599 Geneva Bible
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