George Washington, Mason, Masonic

AMERIPEDIA, CAMBRIDGE THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY

AMERIPEDIA, George Washington, Masonic
NEWTONSTEIN, CAMBRIDGE THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY

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GEORGE WASHINGTON BAPTISM
GEORGE WASHINGTON BAPTISM

GEORGE WASHINGTON PRAYS AT VALLEY FORGE
GEORGE WASHINGTON PRAYS AT VALLEY FORGE

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AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

GEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADER
GEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADER

GEORGE WASHINGTON PRAYS AT VALLEY FORGE - 2
GEORGE WASHINGTON PRAYS AT VALLEY FORGE - 2

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GEORGE WASHINGTON KNEELING IN PRAYER
GEORGE WASHINGTON KNEELING IN PRAYER

AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN GEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADERGEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADERGEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADERAMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN
General George Washington
The "American Apostle" of Radical Christianity!

FACT! George Washington was a "RADICALLY DEDICATED" Christian!
Was He The Greatest Christian Outside The Bible?
Only slightly less than the Apostle Paul!

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Young George Washington:
Confessing His 'Cherry Tree Sins!'

This event Testified to by Family and Pastor;
There is not the Slightest evidence to the Contrary!
Offering $10,000 for such EVIDENCE to be presented!
Young George Washington's CHERRY TREE Story!
George Washington: AMAZING FUN-FACTS and MYTHS! Take A QUIZ!
George Washington: AMAZING FUN-FACTS and MYTHS!
George Washington: First Chapter of First Book About Him!
George Washington: Chapter-2 of First Bio About Him!
George Washington: Book on His Life: Best Seller in 3-Centuries!
George Washington: AMAZING by Age 12-13!


GEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADERGEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADERGEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADER

General George Washington:
American Apostle of Righteousness!'

He Commanded his soldiers attend Sunday Preaching Meetings;
He Required a 'Time of Prayer' twice a day for Troops;
He Commanded his Soldiers - including Officers - NOT TO SIN,
He URGED soldiers to have a Strong Commitment to Christianity!
He forbad profane speech, cursing, blasphemy, and disrespecting God's Name!
He forbad petty gaming/gambling, drunkenness, adultery, lying and theft! etc;
He had "sinners" literally whipped many lashes for such sins!
George Washington: Prescribed 25-Lashes for Blaspheming God's Name!
George Washington: Strongly AGAINST DRINKING ALCOHOL!
George Washington: Methods of Discipline Adult Sins
George Washington on HOMOSEXUALITY;

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General George Washington:
American Apostle of Faith in God!

His Valley Forge Prayer testified to by Army Officers,
Foot-Soldiers, Neighbors, Personal Aides, Strangers, Family Members;
George Washington Praying at Valley Forge: EXTENSIVE Evidence
Valley Forge Officers Find Washington Praying in Barn!
Isabella Potts-James Testifies Washington Prayed, Valley Forge;
Nathaniel R. Snowden: Recorded Washington's Valley Forge Prayer
Officer Muhlenberg Witnessed Washington Praying at Valley Forge;
George Washington's DIVINE BENEDICTION: His Truest Prayer!


GEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADERGEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADERGEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADER

General George Washington:
American Apostle of Divine Providence;

That He wrote on the Theology of GOD'S SOVEREIGNTY;
More than any Theologian of the Reformation;
More than the Catholic Church writersin 2,000 years;
More than all who wrote Holy Scripture - COMBINED!
Washington literally declared in writing for the whole world to know,
that he would have "plenty of time,
To become a Preacher of Divine Providence after the War!"
George Washington Planned to be PREACHER after the WAR!
George Washington's Basic Beliefs in PROVIDENCE: BRIEF;
George Washington: Teaches on Providence of Death
George Washington Attributes MONMOUTH VICTORY to PROVIDENCE;
George Washington: Some Letters on PROVIDENCE;

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General George Washington:
American Apostle Baptized During War;

By His Army Chaplain, Baptist Preacher John Gano,
War Chaplain John Gano BAPTIZED GEORGE WASHINGTON;
George Washington's Baptism According to "Time Magazine" 1932;
George Washington's Baptism: "Three Eyewitness do AFFIDAVITS":
An Act of Congress, 7-16-1894, Accepts the Evidence


GEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADERGEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADERGEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADER

General George Washington:
American Apostle of Literary Genius!

He created a Religious Literary work comparative to Shakespeare:
He devised over 1,000 Scriptural Names-&-Titles for God,
Exceeding all Divine Titles EVER Created (Including Bible!)
And including all Theologians of Antiquity and the Current Age!
Since Washington did this over his lifetime, he had to have kept track
Of hundreds of titles he previously created, in this monumental literary work!
George Washington Uses Over 1,000 NAMES-TITLES of DEITY;
George Washington used over 100 Names-&-Titles of Deity used in 100 Prayers!

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General George Washington:
American Apostle of Spiritual Warfare!

George Washington prayed consistently, fervently and constantly:
From pre-teens, through teens; from French & Indian War through Revolution;
From the US Constitutional Convention through his Presidency.
At every season of life, and every situation,
Washington prayed, and urged others to pray!
George Washington: Adult Nephew Witnesses Kneeling Daily Prayer;
What George Washington Actually Prayed for: His Own Words!
George Washington Prays for Food for Army: Fish Clog River Soon After!
George Washington Prays: Supernatural Fog Allows Escape!
George Washington: Kneeling while most others stood;


GEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADERGEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADERGEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADER

General George Washington:
American Apostle of Doctrine & Theology;

FACT: This multitude of Names/Titles created contain many Complex Character traits of God, making Washington a GREAT THEOLOGIAN!

FACT: Washington's Letters to Family and Friends who lost spouses and children to tragic circumstances present an amazingly grasp of theology that puts Washington ON PAR with Calvin, Wesley and Spurgeon!

George Washington: 30-Ways to DEAL with DEATH of Loved Ones;
George Washington THEOLOGIAN: Teaches on Providence of Death!


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General George Washington:
American Apostle Professing "TWELVE MIRACLES"

George Washington: Kneeling while most others stood;

FACT: If you or any Bible college Professor out there think 1,000-plus 'Theologically Correct' Names/Titles for God is a simple task: TRY IT!

FACT: No other writer, whether Jewish Scholar, Biblical Author, Reformation or modern Scholar, has even devised ONE-TENTH as many ORIGINAL Names/Titles!

George Washington THREE-PUBLIC-PRAYERS-He-PRAYED
George Washington: Most famous Quotes on Miracles
Why TRAGEDIES Happen to Good People!
AMERIPEDIA™ George Washington TWELVE MIRACLES in His Life!
AMERIPEDIA™ George Washington Believed in MIRACLES and SIGNS from God!
AMERIPEDIA™ George Washington: Had a "VISION" on Future USA!


GEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADERGEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADERGEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADER

George Washington Praying at Valley Forge: EXTENSIVE Evidence
Valley Forge Officers Find Washington Praying in Barn!
Isabella Potts-James Testifies Washington Prayed, Valley Forge;
Nathaniel R. Snowden: Recorded Washington's Valley Forge Prayer
Officer Muhlenberg Witnessed Washington Praying at Valley Forge;
George Washington's DIVINE BENEDICTION: His Truest Prayer!


1776 AMERICAN FLAG 1776GEORGE WASHINGTON LAST PRAYER WITH HIS MOTHER1776 AMERICAN FLAG 1776
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General George Washington:
American Apostle Praying With His Mother!

George Washington prayed consistently, fervently and constantly:
From pre-teens, through teens; from French & Indian War through Revolution;
From the US Constitutional Convention through his Presidency.
At every season of life, and every situation,
Washington prayed, and urged others to pray!
George Washington: Adult Nephew Witnesses Kneeling Daily Prayer;
What George Washington Actually Prayed for: His Own Words!
George Washington Prays for Food for Army: Fish Clog River Soon After!
George Washington Prays: Supernatural Fog Allows Escape!
George Washington: Kneeling while most others stood;


GEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADERGEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADERGEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADER

George Washington Praying at Valley Forge: EXTENSIVE Evidence
Valley Forge Officers Find Washington Praying in Barn!
Isabella Potts-James Testifies Washington Prayed, Valley Forge;
Nathaniel R. Snowden: Recorded Washington's Valley Forge Prayer
Officer Muhlenberg Witnessed Washington Praying at Valley Forge;
George Washington's DIVINE BENEDICTION: His Truest Prayer!

1776 AMERICAN FLAG 1776GEORGE WASHINGTON TAKES-OATH-ON-BIBLE1776 AMERICAN FLAG 1776
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President George Washington:
American Apostle takes Oath on Bible

George Washington prayed consistently, constantly: from pre-teens, through teens; from Early French & Indian War days through the Revolutionary War; from the US Constitutional Convention through his Presidency.
At every season of life, and every situation,
Washington prayed, and urged others to pray!
George Washington: Adult Nephew Witnesses Kneeling Daily Prayer;
What George Washington Actually Prayed for: His Own Words!
George Washington Prays for Food for Army: Fish Clog River Soon After!
George Washington Prays: Supernatural Fog Allows Escape!
George Washington: Kneeling while most others stood;


GEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADERGEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADERGEORGE WASHINGTON'S DOLLAR-BILL HEADER

George Washington Praying at Valley Forge: EXTENSIVE Evidence
Valley Forge Officers Find Washington Praying in Barn!
Isabella Potts-James Testifies Washington Prayed, Valley Forge;
Nathaniel R. Snowden: Recorded Washington's Valley Forge Prayer
Officer Muhlenberg Witnessed Washington Praying at Valley Forge;
George Washington's DIVINE BENEDICTION: His Truest Prayer!


1776 AMERICAN FLAG 1776GEORGE WASHINGTON RECEIVES HOLY COMMUNION1776 AMERICAN FLAG 1776
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General George Washington:
American Apostle takes Holy Communion!

Morristown Presbyterian Church became a Hospital during the War: displaced congregation met out-of-doors years for a long time:
OBVIOUSLY, Washington withdrew from the Church of England;
And Morristown Church became Washington's Church during the War;
With Rev. Timothy Johnes becoming a Pastor to George Washington;
Washington took Communion with his New Church Family;
Many witnessed, and a Stain-Glass Window Memorializes this Event;
George Washington: Taking Communion written in "Official Church History"
What George Washington Taking Communion written in by Tom Eckhard
George Washington Takes Holy Communion "A BRIEF HISTORICAL SKETCH"
George Washington Drawings Memorializing His Holy Communion
George Washington: Beautiful Photos Memorializing His Holy Communion;


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"AMERIPEDIA™"

Presents:

George Washington;

Washington, Grand Master, 33rd Degree Mason;

Considered Globally, to be the Greatest Mason of all Time!

(All AMERIPEDIA with "INSPIRED-INERRANT!" View of Scripture!)

DID YOU KNOW: George Washington created A Multitude of Titles for God, with all of them Scripturally Exacting and Theologically Correct!

A Literary Feat, Equal to the Works of Shakespeare! AMAZING!

George Washington Created Over 1,000 Titles for God!



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CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING CHRISTIAN"AMAZING ETERNAL LIFE FILES! "CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING CHRISTIAN


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Do You Qualify for
An Honorary "Doctor of Divinity" from Cambridge Theological Seminary?
If you believe God's Word as Stated Above:
Probably!
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Will You Take "THE BIBLE PLEDGE?"

(Christians Sending a "Message" to ALL Elected Officials!)

Many Thousands Already Have: And GOD is "Keeping Track!"!

(Are you Afraid? Ashamed? Apathetic? Anti-Christ? Or Against God's Authority?)

"BIBLE PLEDGE!"

    "The BIBLE is the WORD of GOD!

      *HIS ULTIMATE TRUTH!

      *HOLY and UNCHANGING!

      *HIGHEST AUTHORITY on Earth!

    As I UNDERSTAND the BIBLE,

      >> I will NEVER 'GO' against, 'VOTE' against, or 'SPEAK' Against,

      >> The WORD of GOD,

      >> So Help me GOD!

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Many Fine Bible Scholars seem unaware,
Of Christ's Great Parable covering the whole Church Age,
From His Sowing First Seed and His Great End-Time Harvest of Souls!
To Final Judgment of the Unsaved and their Damnation;
To Christ’s Presence and Eternal Kingdom!

(See Greatest Parable on End of Times!)
Christ’s Greatest Parable on End of Times: Brief Overview

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**SEE ALSO - **SEE ALSO - **SEE ALSO;

The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BIBLE VERSION

By Webster-NewtonStein;

With Cambridge Theological Seminary™, AD-2000;

Translation Axiom: God's Word! "INSPIRED-INERRANT!"

The "INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BIBLE VERSION"


The "STRONG'S ADVANCED HEBREW LEXICON" by NewtonStein


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(See Cambridge Concise Bible COMMENTARY)

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(See Cambridge Concise Bible DICTIONARY)

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Self-Confessed List: GAY & PRO-GAY Ministers!
AMERIPEDIA: George Washington on HOMOSEXUALITY

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AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN GEORGE WASHINGTON PRAYS AT VALLEY FORGEGEORGE WASHINGTON BAPTISMGEORGE WASHINGTON PRAYS AT VALLEY FORGE - 2CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING
AMERIPEDIA™

George Washington

Greatest Man Who Ever Lived!

Was He the Greatest Christian Outside of the Biblical Heroes?

(All AMERIPEDIA with "INSPIRED-INERRANT!" View of Scripture!)

    George Washington, from almost all rational measurements, was the most successful man who ever lived!

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"AMERIPEDIA™"
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George Washington;

Washington, Grand Master, 33rd Degree Mason;

Considered Globally, to be the Greatest Mason of all Time!

(All AMERIPEDIA with "INSPIRED-INERRANT!" View of Scripture!)

      DID YOU KNOW: George Washington created A Multitude of Titles for God, with all of them Scripturally Exacting and Theologically Correct!

      A Literary Feat, Equal to the Works of Shakespeare! AMAZING!

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      Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania

      GEORGE WASHINGTON - SESQUI-CENTENNIAL ANNIVERSARY

      PROCEEDINGS OF THE RIGHT WORSHIPFUL GRAND LODGE

      OF THE MOST ANCIENT AND HONORABLE FRATERNITY

      OF FREE AND ACCEPTEDMASONS OF PENNSYLVANIA,

      AND MASONIC JURISDICTION THEREUNTO BELONGING

      AT ITS CELEBRATION OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

      HELD IN THE MASONIC TEMPLE IN THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA

      ON WEDNESDAY NOVEMBER THE FIFTH A. D. 1902

      A. L. 5902, GRAND LODGE OF PENNSYLVANIA,



      Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1903, In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, by the of the Grand Lodge of Penn, Free and Accepted Masons.

      Committee on Memorial Volume

        Brother EDGAR A. TENNIS, R. W. Grand Master

        Brother WILLIAM A. SINN, R. W. Grand Secretary

        Brother JAMES M. LAMBERTON, P. M. Lodge No. 21,


      PRINTED AND BOUND BY J. B. LIPPINCOTT COMPANY,


    CONTENTS

    GEORGE-WASHINGTON-SIGNATURE

        PAGE

        Introduction 9

        The Sesqui-centennial Medal 11

        The Suggested Programme 15

        Extracts from the Beoords of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. 21

        The Souvenir Apron 40

        The Invitation 44

        The Celebration 61

        Reception of the President of the United States .... 52

        The Order of Procession 54

        The Programme 60

        Exercises in Grand Lodge:

        Members and Visitors Present 61

        Prayer by Grand Chaplain Bobins 91

        Address of Welcome by R. W. Grand Master Tennis . . 98

        Reply by M. W. Grand Master Gallagher .... 99 Address : Freemasonry and Citizenship. By Brother Theodore

        Roosevelt, President of the United States .... 107 Address : Washington as a Freemason. By Brother James M.

        Lamberton 117

        Address: Washington as a Citizen. By Brother Stewart L.

        Woodford 177

        Greetings from Visiting M. W. Grand Masters and other Brethren 181

        Prayer by Grand Chaplain Whitehead 196

        The Washington Bibles 198

        The Banquet 202

        The Arrangement of Seats 208

        The Menu . . . 208

        The Souvenir Plate 278


      Contents;

      GEORGE-WASHINGTON-SIGNATURE
        The Table Lodge 210

        l Toasts:

        1. B. W. Grand Master Tennis 211

        2. Brother George W. Guthrie 228

        8. Bt Bey. Brother Henry C. Potter 281

        i. B. W. Junior Grand Warden Orlady 284

        6. M. W. Grand Master Kerns 241

        6. Brother William A- Stone, Governor 249

        7. M. W. Grand Master Shryock 255

        8. Brother J. Frymklin Fort 261

        9. Brother Samuel W. Pennypacker 265

        10. Brother Charles Emory Smith 270

        The Music 279

        Ths Loak ExHiBinov of Washingtonia 281

        The Catalogue 288


      ILLUSTRATIONS

      GEORGE-WASHINGTON-SIGNATURE
        PAGE

        Washington FronHnece

        The Sesqui-centennial Committee 12

        The Invitation 44

        The President's Card of Admission 46

        The Masonic Temple, Philadelphia 61

        The Washington-Lafayette Apron See back of Programme 61

        Brother Edgar A. Tennis, R. W. Grand Master 98

        Brother Theodore Roosevelt, President of the United States . 107

        Washington's Residence in Philadelphia 155

        Washington's Reply to the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania . 161

        Bare Masonic Portrait of Washington 178

        The Washington Belies 198

        Washington's Lodge Notice 201

        The Grand Banquet Hall 202

        The Houdon Statue of Washington 208

        The Sesqui-centennial Medal See in Menu 208

        Marble Block in the Washington National Monument at Washing- ton, D. C See hack of Menu 209

        The Souvenir Plate 278

        The Loan Exhibition of Washingtonian 282

        Washington Sesqui-centennial Anniversary



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George Washington;

Washington, Grand Master, 33rd Degree Mason;

Considered Globally, to be the Greatest Mason of all Time!

(All AMERIPEDIA with "INSPIRED-INERRANT!" View of Scripture!)

      DID YOU KNOW: George Washington created A Multitude of Titles for God, with all of them Scripturally Exacting and Theologically Correct!

      A Literary Feat, Equal to the Works of Shakespeare! AMAZING!

    INTRODUCTION;

    GEORGE-WASHINGTON-SIGNATURE AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT
      The Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, at the Annual Grand Communication, held in the Masonic Temple, in the City of Philadelphia, on St. John the Evangelist's Day, December the twenty-seventh, AD 1901, (a.l. 6901), on motion of Brother James M. Lambebton, decided to celebrate the One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary of the initiation of Brother George Washington into the Fraternity of Freemasons,

      an event which took place on November the fourth, AD 1752, A.L. 5752; and recommended that the Lodges throughout the Jurisdiction should also hold celebrations.

      A Committee of Twelve was appointed to prepare a programme, take charge of the Grand Lodge's celebration, and suggest a programme for the use of such Lodges as might desire to hold similar celebrations.

      A Committee of Three, consisting of Brother Edgar A. Tennis, K. W. Grand Master, Brother William J. Kelly, R. W. Past Grand Master, and Brother James M. Lavbebton, was appointed to invite the President of the United States, Brother Theodore Roosevelt,

      and the Governor of Pennsylvania Brother William A. Stone, to be present in Grand Lodge at the celebration.

      The proceedings of the Grand Lodge on the subject will be found in full below on pages 38 and 39.

      The Committee to invite the President waited upon him at the White House in the City of Washington, by appointment, on Saturday, January the fourth, 1902, and Brother Roosevelt, in acknowledging the invitation, said he should like very much to attend the celebration, and would do so unless public business prevented.

      The courtesy and assistance of Mr. George B. Cobtelyou. Secretary to the President, and of Brother William Loeb, Jr., Assistant Secretary to the President, were greatly appreciated by the Committee.

      Later, R. W. Grand Master Tennis and Brother Lambebton waited upon the Governor of Pennsylvania at the Executive Mansion in the City of Harrisburg, and presented the invitation, which Brother Stone accepted.

      The Committee of Twelve, which consisted of the following :

        Brother Edgab A. Tennis, R. W. Grand Master; "James W. Bbown, R. W. Deputy Grand

        Master; "Geobge W. Kendbick, Jb., R. W. Senior Grand Warden ;

        Brother Geobge B, Oblady, K. W. Junior Grand Warden;

        "Thomas E, Patton, R. W. Grand Treasurer ;

        William A. Sinn, R W. Grand Secretary ;

        CoNKAD B. Day, R. W. Past Grand Master ;

        "William J. Kelly, R. W. Past Grand Master;

        "Geobge E. Wagneb, R. W. Past Grand Master;

        "James M. Lambebton, P. M. Lodge No. 21,

        ALl from the Harrisburg Lodge;


        " Geogge D. Moore, P. M. Lodge No. 106, Williamsport ; and William J. Diehl, P. M. Lodge No. 321, Pittsburgh; met in the private office of the Grand Master, on Wednesday, March the fifth, at two p.m., the B. W. Grand Master in the chair. Brother Lambebton was elected secretary. Numerous meetings were held in the same place, from time to time. Subsequently Brother James Jabden, Jb., was appointed clerk to the Committee.

        As the exact anniversary of Washington's initiation (November the fourth) fell on election day, it was decided to hold the Grand Lodge celebration on Wednesday, November the fifth.

        As a memorial of the celebration, it was decided that

        a medal should be struck, and the work of making the medallion

        11

        was intrusted to the United States Mint at Philadelphia, and was done under the direction of the chief engraver, Mr. Chables E. Babbeb.

        From these dies the medals were struck by Mr. Joseph K. Davison, of Philadelphia.

        The obverse:

          bears the head of Washington in profile, to the left, from Stuabt's portrait ; with the dates " E. A. Nov. 4, 5752. F. C. Mar. 3, 5753. M. M. Aug. 4, 5753." under the head ;

        The inscription around the rim reads:

          SESQUI • CENTENNIAL • OF WASHINGTON'S • INITIATION . AS • A . FREEMASON • A • L • 5902."

        The reverse:

          Shows the seal of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania.


        One of these medals was given to each Brother who attended the celebration, and one was sent to each of the Grand Lodges with which the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania holds fraternal relations.

        A representation of the medal will be found in the menu, which is given at page 208.

        Under date of June the twenty-third, the following letter, accompanied by two copies of the Suggested Programme," was sent to each of the four hundred and forty Subordinate Lodges in Pennsylvania :

        12

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George Washington;

Washington, Grand Master, 33rd Degree Mason;

Considered Globally, to be the Greatest Mason of all Time!

(All AMERIPEDIA with "INSPIRED-INERRANT!" View of Scripture!)

      DID YOU KNOW: George Washington created A Multitude of Titles for God, with all of them Scripturally Exacting and Theologically Correct!

      A Literary Feat, Equal to the Works of Shakespeare! AMAZING!

    CENTENNIAL COMMITTEE:

    GEORGE-WASHINGTON-SIGNATURE AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT

      Introduction

        OFFICE OF THEB. W. Gbaxi Master of Fbeb and Accepted Masosn IN Pennsylvanian. masonic TEMPLE, Philadelphia, June 28rd, 1902.

        To THE Worshipful MASTER, OFFICERS, AND BRETHREN OF LODGE No. DXAS 8IB0 and BRETHREN:

        The fourth day of next November will be the sesquicentennial anniversary of the Initiation of Brother George Washington into our Ancient and Honorable Fraternity, that event having taken place in "The Lodge at Fredericksburg," in Virginia, on November fourth, A.D. 17S2, A.L. 5752.

        The Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, at its last Annual Grand Communication, resolved to celebrate the anniversary by suitable ceremonies, in this city. It being impossible f6r the members of all the Lodges tn the Jurisdiction to participate in that celebration,

        the Grand Lodge recommended that the Lodges should hold similar celebrations, and, to that end, directed that a programme should be prepared as a suggestion for the use of such of the Lodges as might desire to make use of it. Two copies of the suggested programme are sent herewith.

        There is no need to say anything as to the greatness of our illustrious Brother; his name will never be forgotten while a freeman lives.

        It is a source of great satisfaction to us as Freemasons, that we are able to claim Washington as a Brother of the Craft, a claim he was always ready to allow ; for he himself said : "

          Being persuaded that a just application of the principles on which the Masonic Fraternity is founded, must be promotive of private virtue and public prosperity,

          I shall always be happy to advance the interests of the Society, and to be " considered by them as a deserving Brother."

          It was the peculiar good fortune of the Craft In Pennsylvania to have very fraternal relations with our Brother, as our records show ; and it is believed that the Brethren of Pennsylvania, as loyal citizens, will be glad to pay a fitting tribute to the Father of our Country, and, as loyal Freemasons, will heartily Join in making the celebration of the approaching anniversary worthy of the very interesting Masonic event which it commemorates.

          It will be proper for the members of your Lodge to unite with your Brethren of neighboring Lodges in holding a Joint celebration, and the assistance of your District Deputy Grand Master will be gladly afforded, as far as possible.

          This celebration may be held at the stated meeting following the fourth of November, or at a special meeting as near as conveniently may be to that date.

          In order that Justice may be done to the subject, it is advisable that the Brethren who are to deliver the addresses at the celebration should be selected at once, that they iDay have as much time to prepare as possible.

          If you hold a celebration, and if you desire it, souvenirs will be sent to you in the shape of pictures of Washington's Masonic apron, the handiwork of the wife of Brother, the Marquis de Lafayette, and presented by him In 1784, when he visited Mount Vernon, and now in the library. In the Masonic Temple in this dty, provided application is made to this office before October 10th next, stating the number needed.

          If a celebration is held under your auspices, two copies of the programme should be sent to this office for preservation.

          It is suggested that the Worshipful Master appoint at once a committee from your Lodge, to act either alone or In consensus with other Lodges, to that by your meeting in September you will have completed alt necessary arrangements,

          Fraternally Yours;

          R. W Grand Master, 13

          A Suggested Programme;

          FOR THE CELEBRATION of the SESQUI- CENTENNIAL ANNIVERSARY of the INITIATION INTO THE FRATERNITY OF FREEMASONS f Brother George Washington

          For the USE of THE LODGES UNDER THE JURISDICTION

          of Free Masons;

          Together with EXTRACTS FROM THE RECORDS of THE GRAND LODGE, SHOWING ITS CORDIAL RELATIONS WITH THAT ILLUSTRIOUS BROTHER

          A. D. 1902 A. Z. 5902

GOLD DIVIDER WITH CROSS CENTER
"AMERIPEDIA™"
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George Washington;

Washington, Grand Master, 33rd Degree Mason;

Considered Globally, to be the Greatest Mason of all Time!

(All AMERIPEDIA with "INSPIRED-INERRANT!" View of Scripture!)

      DID YOU KNOW: George Washington created A Multitude of Titles for God, with all of them Scripturally Exacting and Theologically Correct!

      A Literary Feat, Equal to the Works of Shakespeare! AMAZING!

    George Washington:

    GEORGE-WASHINGTON-SIGNATURE AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT

      Brother George Washington was:

        >> Initiated in "' The Lodge at Fredericksburg in Virginia, on November 4, a.d. 1752, A.L. 5752 ;

        >> passed a Fellow Craft, March 3, a.d. 1753, AL 5753

        >> was raised to a Master Mason, August 4, a.d. 1753, A.L. 5753.

        >> On St John the Baptist's Day, June 24, a.d. 1784, A.L. 5784, George Washington was unanimously elected an honorary member of Lodge No. 39, at Alexandria, Virginia, which had been warranted by the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania the preceding year.

        >> When Lodge No. 39 surrendered its Pennsylvania warrant, and, in a.d. 1788, A.L. 5788, received a warrant from the Grand Lodge of Virginia, as Alexandria (now Alexandria-Washington) Lodge, No. 22, he (George Washington) was named as the first Worshipful Master.

        >> George Washington was buried with Masonic honors at Mount Vernon, December 18, a.d. 1799, A.L. 5799.


      Masonic Temple, Philadelphia, Pa., June 23, A.D. 1902, aj. 5902.

        In accordance with the action of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, at its last Annual Grand Communication, the Committee of Twelve suggests the following programme for the use of such of the Lodges as desire to celebrate the Sesqui- centennial Anniversary of the Initiation of Brother Georg£ Washington into our Ancient and Honorable Fraternity, which occurred November 4, a.d. 1752, A.L. 5752.

        EDGAR A. TENNIS, Grand Master, Chairman,

        JAMES M. LAMBERTON, Secretary.

        — November 4th — 5902.


      CELEBRATION OF THE SESQUI-CENTENNIAL ANNIVERSARY

      of the Induction into the Fraternity of Free Masons of

      BROTHER GEORGE WASHINGTON,

      Held under the Auspices of Lodge, No. , F. & A. M.,

      In the Masonic Hall, at , Pa., on day,

      November, a.d. 1902, a.l. 5902.

        1. Opening of the Lodge Brother , W. M.

        2. Prayer Brother , Chaplain.

        3. Music — "Old Hundredth" By all the Brethren.

      "Old Hundredth"

      "With one consent let all the earth
      To God their cheerful voices raise ;


      Glad homage pay with awful mirth,
      And sing before Him songs of praise.


      For He's the Lord, supremely good,
      His mercy is for ever sure ;
      His truth, which always firmly stood.
      To endless ages shall endure.

      17] 3


    4. Reading from Extracts from the Records of the Grand

    Lodge of Pennsylvania, Showing its Cordial Relations with Brother Washington. Brother , Secretary,

    5. Music — (Vocal or Instrumental.)

    6. Address — Washington as a Citizen. . . .Brother

    7. Music—" The President's March'*

By all the Brethren.

    Song "Columbia"? (Song About Washington)

    Hail, Columbia happy land!

    Hail, ye heroes, heav'n-bom band!

    Who fought and bled in freedom's cause,

    Who fought and bled in freedom's cause.


    And when the storm of war was gone,

    Enjoyed the peace your valor won.

    Let independence be our boast.

    Ever mindful what it cost,

    Ever grateful for the prize,

    Let its altar reach the skies !


    Firm, united, let us be.

    Rallying round our liberty ;

    As a band of Brothers joined.

    Peace and safety we shall find

    Sound, sound the trump of fame.


    Let Washington's great name.

    Ring thro' the world with loud applause.

    Ring thro' the world with loud applause.

    Let ev'ry clime to freedom dear,

    Listen with a joyful ear 1


    With equal skill, with god-like power,

    He govem'd in the fearful hour

    Of horrid war, or guides with ease

    The happier times of honest peace.

    Firm, united, etc.


    Behold I the chief who now commands

    Once more to serve his country stands —

    The rock on which the storm will beat,

    The rock on which the storm will beat,

    But arm'd in virtue firm and true,

    His hopes are fixed on Heav'n and you ;


    When hope was sinking in dismay.

    And glooms obscur'd Columbia's day,

    His steady mind, from changes free,

    Resolved on death or liberty.

    Firm, united, etc.


    AUTHOR: Joseph Hopkinson,

    Philadelphia, April 25, 1798,

    [NOTE: This song was written before George Washington died!]

GOLD DIVIDER WITH CROSS CENTER
"AMERIPEDIA™"
flag divider

George Washington;

Washington, Grand Master, 33rd Degree Mason;

Considered Globally, to be the Greatest Mason of all Time!

(All AMERIPEDIA with "INSPIRED-INERRANT!" View of Scripture!)

      DID YOU KNOW: George Washington created A Multitude of Titles for God, with all of them Scripturally Exacting and Theologically Correct!

      A Literary Feat, Equal to the Works of Shakespeare! AMAZING!

    GEORGE-WASHINGTON-SIGNATURE AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT

    [PROGRAMME CONTINUED]

      8. Address — Washington as a Mason. . . . Brother

      9. Music — 'America!' By all the Brethren.

      'America!' By all the Brethren.

      Hail, Masonry divine!

      Glory of ages, shine,

      Long mayst thou reign;

      Where'er thy Lodges stand.

      May they have great command.

      And always grace the land.

      Thou art divine 1


      Great fabrics still arise.

      And grace the azure skies.

      Great are thy schemes;


      Thy noble orders are

      Matchless beyond compare;

      No art with thee can share,

      Thou art divine!


      Hiram, the Architect,

      Did all the Craft direct

      How they should build ;


      Solomon, great Israel's king.

      Did mighty blessings bring,

      And left us room to sing

      Hail, Royal Art !


      10. Closing of the Lodge Brother , W. M.

      For one of the addresses, there may be substituted extracts from Washington's Farewell Address. A number of suitable vocal selections will be found in Sections in-VII of the Ahikan Rszon. 19] 5

      If there is a banquet, the following is a suggested order of TOASTS.

      1. The Right Worshipful Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania and

      Masonic Jurisdiction Thereunto Belonging.

      2. The Memory of Our Deceased Brother George Washington.

      3. Freemasonry around the Globe.

      4. The Country of which Washington was the Father.

      5. The Grand Lodge of which Washington was a Member.

      6. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

      7. Our Sister Grand Lodges.

      8. Our Honored Guests.

      9. "All Our Friends." (Washington's Favorite Toast.)

      10. The Day We Celebrate.


      SONG: "AULD LANG SYNE"

      If a Table Lodge is opened, the regular toasts (the first three given above) are proposed by the Master, the Senior Warden, and the Junior Warden respectively.

      [20

      EXTRACTS FROM THE RECORDS OF THE GRAND LODGE OF PENNSYLVANIA.

      There is added in the Appendix to the Ahiman Rezon of 1783, (which will be referred to later)

GOLD DIVIDER WITH CROSS CENTER
"AMERIPEDIA™"
flag divider

George Washington;

Washington, Grand Master, 33rd Degree Mason;

Considered Globally, to be the Greatest Mason of all Time!

(All AMERIPEDIA with "INSPIRED-INERRANT!" View of Scripture!)

      DID YOU KNOW: George Washington created A Multitude of Titles for God, with all of them Scripturally Exacting and Theologically Correct!

      A Literary Feat, Equal to the Works of Shakespeare! AMAZING!

    GEORGE-WASHINGTON-SIGNATURE AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT

      SERMON PREACHED IN Christ-Church, PHILADELPHIA,

      [For the Benefit of the POOR]

      BY appointment OF AND BEFORE The General Communication

      OF Free and Accepted MASONS OF THE State of PENNSYLVANIA, On MONDAY, December 28, 1778.

      Celebrated, agreeable to their Constitution, AS THE ANNIVERSARY OF St. JOHN THE Evangelist. By WILLIAM SMITH, D. D. Provost of the College and Academy of Philadelphia. 21] 7


      The Dedication of the sermon is as follows:

        TO HIS EXCELLENCY, GEORGE WASHINGTON, ESQ. GENERAL AND COMMANDER IN CHIEF OF THE Armies of the United States of N O R T H - A M E R I C A; the friend Of his Country and Mankind, ambitious of no higher title, IF HIGHER WAS POSSIBLE;

        THE FOLLOWING SERMON, Honored with his Presence when delivered, IS DEDICATED, IN TESTIMONY OF THE

        SINCEREST Brotherly Affection AND ESTEEM OF HIS MERIT.

        BY ORDER OF THE BRETHREN, JOHN COATS, G. S. pro. Tern.

      8 [22]

      The text was from 1 Peter 2:16

        "As Free and not using your Liberty as a Cloak of Maliciousness; but as the Servants of God." 1 Peter 2:16

      Washington as Cincinnatus:

        The following paragraph is of interest :

          "Such, to name no more, was the Character of a Cincinnatus in ancient Times; rising 'awful from the Plough' to save his Country; and, his Country saved, returning to the Plough again, with increased Dignity and Lustre.

          Such too, if we divine aright, will future Ages pronounce to have been the Character of a __________ but you all anticipate me in Name, which delicacy forbids me, on this Occasion, to mention.

          Honoured with his Presence as a Brother, you will seek to derive Virtue from his Example; and never let it be said, that any Principles you profess can render you deaf to the Calls of your Country;

          but, on the contrary, have animated you with intrepidity in the Hour of Danger, and Humanity in the Moments of Triumph.'


        The following are the closing words:

          '* But I will detain you no longer. Brethren! — You all pant to have a Foretaste of the Joy of Angels, by calling forth into immediate Exercise this heavenly Virtue of Charity ; whereby you will give Glory to the THRICE BLESSED THREE, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, one God over all.'

              "At the Word 'Glory,' the Brethren rose together; and, in reverential Posture, on pronouncing the Names of the TRI-UNE GOD, accompanied the same by a correspondent Repetition of the Ancient Sign or Symbol of Divine Homage and Obeisance; concluding with the following Response —

              'Amen I So let it ever be! "



        On the next page we find:
          "The following Short ACCOUNT of the Procession of the Brethren to and from Church, etc., is recorded here by Desire.

          [23] 9

          ''At Nine o'clock, a.m. near Three Hundred of the Body assembled at the College [on Fourth Street below Arch Street] ; where being properly cloathed — the Officers in the Jewels of their Lodges and other Badges of their Dignity — the Procession began at Eleven o'Qock, viz:

            1. The Sword-Bearer.

            2. Two Deacons, bearing Wands, tipt with Gold.

            3. The Three Orders, Doric, Ionic and Corinthian; borne by Three Brethren.

            4. The Holy Bible and Book of Constitutions, on Crimson Velvet Cushions; borne by the Grand Treasurer and Grand Secretary.

            5. A reverend Brother.

            6. Four Deacons, bearing Wands.

            7. His Excellency, our illustrious Brother George Washington, Esq; supported by the Grand Master and his Deputy.

            8. The Two Grand Wardens, bearing the proper Pillars.

            9. The past Masters of different Lodges.

            10. The present Masters of Ditto.

            11. The Senior Wardens,

            12. The Junior Wardens,

            13. The Secretaries,

            14. The Treasurers,

            15. Brother Proctor's Band of Music.

            16. Visiting Brethren: And

            17. Members of different Lodges; Two and Two, according to Seniority.


        "The Procession entered the Church in the Order of March; and being seated in the Middle Isle, Prayers were read by the Reverend Mr. White [afterwards the First Bishop of Pennsylvania]; and the following Anthem sung in its proper place by sundry of the Brethren, accompanied with the Organ and other Instrumental Music; viz:

      THE ANTHEM

        Of different private Lodges.

        "A Grand Symphony!" (Psalm 133)

        CHORUS.

        Behold how good and joyful a Thing it is. Brethren to dwell together in Unity! (Psalm 133:1)

        SOLO.

        I will give thanks unto Thee, O Lord! with my whole Heart. Secretly among the Brethren and in the Congregation will I Praise Thee! I will speak the marvellous Works of thy Hands; the Sun, the Moon and the Stars, which thou hast ordained.

        SOLO.

        The People that walked in Darkness have seen a great Light; and on them that dwelt in the Land of the Shadow of Death, doth the glorious Light of Jehovah shine.

        SOLO. Thou hast gathered Us from the East, and from the West, and from the North, and from the South — Thou hast made us Companions for the Mighty upon Earth — even for Princes of great Nations.

        TRIO. O! I AM! Inspire us with Wisdom and Strength to support us in all our Troubles, that we may Worship Thee in the Beauty of Holiness !

        [END OF PSALM]


    "After Sermon, near Four Hundred Pounds were collected for the Relief of the Poor.

    The Brethren then returned to the College in the same Order as above described; from thence they departed to their several Lodges, and spent the remainder of the Day with their usual good Harmony and Sociability.'

    Bound up with the Ahiman Rezon of 1783, is a collection of fourteen "Masons Songs" and two odes:

    The first of the latter being entitled "An ODE on Masonry. By Brother Lieutenant Colonel John Park, A. M. P. M., Addressed to Brother Colonel Proctor, K.T.," which is dated February 7, 1779, and has for its motto the following quotation from Horace: " Ab ipso Ducit opes, animumque ferro,'* and begins as follows:

    "An ODE on Masonry.

    By Brother Lieutenant Colonel John Park, A. M. P. M.,

    "FULL CHORUS.

      Hail I celestial Masonry »

      Craft that makes us wise and free!

      Heav'n-born cherub! bring along

      The tuneful band, the patriot song;

      Washington, he leads the train,

      Tis he commands the grateful strain;

      See ev'ry crafted son obeys,

      And to the god-like brother homage pays.


      SONG VERSE.

      Then give to merit what is due.

      And twine the mystic bays;

      In joyful strains his deeds renew.

      And sing the hero's praise.


      RECITATIVE.

      While time brings mortal honours to decay,

      Tis freedom gives, what time can't steal away.


      SONG.

      Unbend his brow from martial care,

      And give the patriot rest ;

      Who nobly brav'd the storms of war.

      To make his country blest.


      RECITATIVE.

      Wake from the tomb the souls of martyrs free.

      To view the hemisphere of liberty.

      Let them with ravish'd eyes look down upon

      The glorious work performed by Washington.


      SONG.

      Then brethren to my lays attend,

      And hail our father and our friend ;

      Let fame resound him thro' the land,

      And echo '''Tis our Master Grand"

      12 [26

      RECITATIVE.

      Begin, ye sons of Solomon,

      Prepare the wreath for Washington.

      'Tis he our ancient craft shall sway,

      Whilst we with three times three obey.

      AIR.

    VERSE-II.

      Let patriot fire strain ev'ry nerve.

      For Washington upon you smiles ;

      With him 'tis more than fame to serve,

      'Tis fame with him to share his toils.


      The full chorus is repeated. The old form of the letter 's'

      is used throughout the Ahiman Rezon of 1783.

      [SOURCE: Minutes of 13th of Jany, 5780. Reprint of the Minutes of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, Vol. I, p. 19.

    ''Grand Lodge of Emergency opened in due form at 7 o'clock, P.M.

    GOLD DIVIDER WITH CROSS CENTER
    "AMERIPEDIA™"
    flag divider

    George Washington;

    Washington, Grand Master, 33rd Degree Mason;

    Considered Globally, to be the Greatest Mason of all Time!

    (All AMERIPEDIA with "INSPIRED-INERRANT!" View of Scripture!)

        DID YOU KNOW: George Washington created A Multitude of Titles for God, with all of them Scripturally Exacting and Theologically Correct!

        A Literary Feat, Equal to the Works of Shakespeare! AMAZING!

      GEORGE-WASHINGTON-SIGNATURE AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT

    Washington Elected GrandMaster of All USA:

      "This Lodge being called by Order of the Grand Master, upon the Request of Sundry Brethren, and also in pursuance of a Motion made at the last General Communication, to consider the Propriety as well as the necessity of appointing a Grand Master over all the Grand Lodges formed or to be formed in these United States,

      [A]as the Correspondence which the Rules of Masonry require cannot now be carried on with the Grand Lodge of London, under whose Jurisdiction the Grand Lodges in these States were originally constituted;

      The Ballot was put upon the Question:

      Whether it be for the Benefit of Masonry that a Grand Master of Masons thro'out the United States' shall be now nominated on the part of this Grand Lodge; and it was unanimously determined in the affirmative.

        "Sundry respectable Brethren being then put in nomination, it was moved that the Ballot be put for them separately, and His Excellency George Washington, Esquire,

        General and Commander-and-Chief of the Armies of the United States being first in nomination, he was ballotted for accordingly as Grand Master, and Elected by the unanimous vote of the whole Lodge.

      [27] 13

      '' Ordered, That the minutes of this Election and appointment be transmitted to the different Grand Lodges in the United States, and their Concurrence therein be requested, in Order that application be made to his Excellency in due form, praying that he will do the Brethren and Craft the honor of accepting their appointment. A Committee was appointed to expedite the Business.

      "Resolv'd, That the Masters of the four Lodges, together with the Grand Secretary, be a Committee to inform them- selves of the number of Grand Lodges in America and the Names of their Officers, and to prepare the Circular Letters to be sent them as directed above, with all Expedition."

      Minutes of Octr. i6th, 1780. Reprint, Vol. I, pp. 29-31.

      Grand Lodge in due form.

      The Grand Secretary communicated copy of a letter written by him to the Right Worshipful Joseph Webb, Esq., Grand Master of Masons in the Massachusetts State, together with Br. Webb's answer, both of which are as follows:

      Philada., Augst 19th, 1780.

    [LETTER REGARDING: George Washington Elected GrandMaster of All USA:]

        "SIR:

        I do myself the Honor to address you, by Order of The Grand Lodge of Ancient York Masons, rarely constituted in the city of Philadelphia. This Grand Lodge has under its Jurisdiction in Pennsylvania and the States adjacent.

        Thirty-one different regular Lodges, containing in the whole more than One Thousand Brethren.

        Enclosed you have a printed abstract of some of our late proceedings, and by that of January 13th last, you will observe that we have, so far as depends on us,

        done that Honor which we think due to our illustrious Brother, General Washington, viz., electing him Grand Master over all the Grand Lodges

          form'd or to be form'd

      in these United States, not doubting the concurrence of all the Grand Lodges in America to make this Election effectual.

      14 [28

      We have been inform'd by Col. Palfrey that there is a Grand Lodge of Ancient York Masons in the State of Massachusetts and that you are the Grand Master thereof.

      As such, I am, therefore, to request that you will lay our proceedings before your Grand Lodge, and request their concurrent Voice in the appointment of General Washington, as set forth in the said Minute of January the 13th, which, as far as we have been able to learn, is a Measure highly approved by all the Bretheren, and what will do honor to the Craft."

    Boston, Septr. 4th, 1780.


    [REPLY]


    "SIR:

      Your agreeable Favor of the 19th ult., I duly received the 31st, covering a printed abstract of the proceedings of your Grand Lodge.

      I am well assured that no one can have Objections to so illustrious a person as Genl. Washington to preside as G. M. of the United States, but at the same time it will be necessary to know from you his Prerogative as such ; whether he is to appoint Sub-grand or Provincial Grand Masters of each State ;

      if so, I am confident that the Grand Lodge of this State will never give up their Right of electing their own Grand Masters and other Officers annually.

      Inclosed I send you a List of the Officers of our Grand Lodge, and have the honor to be, with great respect and esteem, Yr. aflF. Br. and humb. serv.,

      JOSEPH WEBB, G. M."


    "The Grand Secretary and Br. Palfrey are appointed a Committee to prepare an Answer to the above Letter from the Grand Master of Massachusetts, and lay the same before this Lodge to-morrow Evening, to which time this Lodge is adjourned."

    Note. The letter in reply to the Grand Master of Massachusetts is given on pages 32-34 of Volume I of the Reprint; and an extract from the reply of that Grand Master is on page

    29] 15

    40. The Grand Lodge of Massachusetts decided that no determination of the matter could be made ''until a general peace shall happily take place thro' the Continent' and so the project fell through.

    Although the project has been renewed a number of times since, our Grand Lodge has uniformly refused to approve it.

    Minutes of Nov. 22, 1781. Reprint, Vol. I, pp. 43-44.

    Grand Lodge of Emergency.

    The Grand Secretary open'd the Business of the evening by informing that the Lodge was call'd together in Order to give their Sanction to the new Book of institutions, as ordered to be revised and published for the benefit of the Brethren in America, — ^Whereupon the Manuscript was order'd to be read.

    "The Book of Constitutions being read, the same was unanimously approved of and Order'd to be printed.

    "Resolved, That the Mason's Arms be engraved as a frontis- piece for the book, and in case our beloved and Illustrious Brother General Washington permit it to be dedicated to him, that his Excellency's Arms be engraved and prefixed to the Dedication."

    GOLD DIVIDER WITH CROSS CENTER
    "AMERIPEDIA™"
    flag divider

    George Washington;

    Washington, Grand Master, 33rd Degree Mason;

    Considered Globally, to be the Greatest Mason of all Time!

    (All AMERIPEDIA with "INSPIRED-INERRANT!" View of Scripture!)

        DID YOU KNOW: George Washington created A Multitude of Titles for God, with all of them Scripturally Exacting and Theologically Correct!

        A Literary Feat, Equal to the Works of Shakespeare! AMAZING!

      DEDICATION of GEORGE WASHINGTON as GRANDMASTER OF ALL U.S.A.

      GEORGE-WASHINGTON-SIGNATURE AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT

        The Dedication is as follows:

          TO HIS EXCELLENCY GEORGE WASHINGTON, Esq. GENERAL AND COMMANDER IN CHIEF OF THE Armies of the United States OF AMERICA:

          TN Testimony, as well of his exalted Services to his Country, as of that noble Philanthropy which distinguishes Him among Masons, the following Constitutions of the most ancient and honorable Fraternity of Free and Accepted Masons, by Order and in Behalf of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, &c. is dedicated,

          By his Excellency's

          Most humble Servant And faithful Brother y

          William Smith, G. Secretary, June 24, 1782.

        Note. Washington's arms are not given. The book was not issued from the press until 1783.

        81] 17

        Note. On St. John the Baptist's Day, June 24, 1784, Washington, "by the unanimous consent of the Brethren" was elected an honorary member of Lodge No. 39, at Alexandria, Virginia, which had been warranted by the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania on February 3, 1783 ; the Lodge is now No. 22 on the roll of the Grand Lodge of Virginia, and bears the name " Alexandria-Washington Lodge."

        Minutes of Feby. 3, 1786. Reprint, Vol. I, p. 88.


        "Extra Grand Lodge.

        "Translations of two letters from a Lodge held at Cape Francois, written in French, and directed to General Washing- ton as Grand Master of all America, soliciting a Charter, were laid before this Lodge and read, and the same being taken into consideration, resolved, that a Warrant be granted in the names of Jno. L. Galbert Barron, Master; John B. Gauthrow, S. W., and Ant. Pailliez, J. W. ; and the Secretary was directed to make out the Warrant, and ordered that a Dispensation be sent to John Ant Marialbert."

        Note.

        These letters "were laid before this Grand Lodge by a Mr. ______ whose conduct has been during his continuance with us, very unbecoming a Gentleman and Brother."

          See Vol. I, p. 89.

          Minutes of June 18, 1787. Reprint, Vol. I, p. 108.

          " Grand Lodge, quarterly Comn.


          "On Motion and Seconded, Ordered, that the R. W. G. Master and D. G. M. present to his excellency Gen. Washington the present Book of Constitution."

        Note. The Convention which framed the present Constitution of the United States, began its sessions in this city in May, 1787, and adjourned Sept. 17, the same year.

          Washington was unanimously elected its president.

          Minutes of Dec. 27, 1791, Vol. I, p. 179.

          "Grand Lodge.

          "On motion and Seconded, the Revd. Bro. Dr. Smith and the R. W. Grand Officers, were appointed a Committee to prepare an address to our Illustrious Bro. George Washington, President of the United States; and this Lodge was adjourned to the second Day of January next to receive the report of said Committee."

          Minutes of January 2, 1792. Reprint, Vol. I, p. 180.

          Grand Lodge, By Adjournment.

          A Grand Lodge was opened in ample form, and the Minutes of St John's Day being read as far as relates to the appointment of a committee to prepare an Address to our illustrious Bro. George Washington, The Revd. Bro. Dr. Wm. Smith, one of the said committee, presented the Draft of one which was read.

          Whereupon, on Motion and Seconded, the same was unanimously approved of, and Resolved, That the Rt Wl. Grand Master, Depy. G. Master, and Grand Officers, with the Revd. Bro. Smith, be a Committee to present the said Address in behalf of this Rt. Wl. Grand Lodge,

          Signed by the Right Worshipful Grand Master, and Countersigned by the Grand Secretary."

          Minutes of March 5, 1792. Reprint, Vol. I, p. 180.


          "Grand Lodge, Quarterly Communication. * * * *

          "The Rt Wl. Grand Master 'informed the Brethren that, in conformity to the Resolve of this Grand Lodge, he had, in company with the Gd. Officers and the Revd. Bro. Dr. Smith, presented the Address to our Illustrious Bro. George Washington and had received an answer, which was read,

          "Whereupon, on Motion and Seconded, Resolved, unanimously, That the said Address and the answer thereto, shall be entered on the Minutes.

    GOLD DIVIDER WITH CROSS CENTER
    "AMERIPEDIA™"
    flag divider

    George Washington;

    Washington, Grand Master, 33rd Degree Mason;

    Considered Globally, to be the Greatest Mason of all Time!

    (All AMERIPEDIA with "INSPIRED-INERRANT!" View of Scripture!)

        DID YOU KNOW: George Washington created A Multitude of Titles for God, with all of them Scripturally Exacting and Theologically Correct!

        A Literary Feat, Equal to the Works of Shakespeare! AMAZING!

      LETTER TO WASHINGTON AS PRESIDENT

      GEORGE-WASHINGTON-SIGNATURE AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT

        To His Excellency George Washington, President of THE United States.

        Sir and Brother:

        The Ancient York Masons of the Jurisdiction of Pennsylvania, for the first time assembled in General Communication to celebrate the Feast of St. John the Evangelist, since your

        Election to the Chair of Government in the United States, beg leave to approach you with Congratulations from the East, and in the pride of Fraternal affection to hail you as the Great Master Builder (under the Supreme Architect)

        by whose Labours the Temple of Liberty hath been reared in the West, exhibiting to the Nations of the Earth a Model of Beauty, Order and Harmony worthy of their imitation and Praise.

        Your knowledge of the Origin and Objects of our Institution; its Tendency to promote the Social Affections and harmonize the Heart, give us a sure pledge that this tribute of our Veneration, this Effusion of our Love will not be ungrateful to you ;

        nor will Heaven reject our Prayer that you may be long continued to adorn the bright List of Master workmen which our Fraternity produces in the Terrestrial Lodge; and that you may be late removed to that Celestial Lodge where Love and Harmony reign transcendent and Divine ; where the Great Architect more immediately presides, and where Cherubim and Seraphim wafting our Congratulations from Earth to Heaven shall hail you Brother.

        By order and in behalf of the Grand Lodge of [seal] Pennsylvania in General Communication assembled in ample form.

        (Signed) J. B. SMITH, G. M.

        Attest: P. LE BARBIER D.UPLESSIS, Gd. Secry.

    GOLD DIVIDER WITH CROSS CENTER
    "AMERIPEDIA™"
    flag divider

    George Washington;

    Washington, Grand Master, 33rd Degree Mason;

    Considered Globally, to be the Greatest Mason of all Time!

    (All AMERIPEDIA with "INSPIRED-INERRANT!" View of Scripture!)

        DID YOU KNOW: George Washington created A Multitude of Titles for God, with all of them Scripturally Exacting and Theologically Correct!

        A Literary Feat, Equal to the Works of Shakespeare! AMAZING!

      LETTER FROM GEORGE WASHINGTON:

      GEORGE-WASHINGTON-SIGNATURE AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT
        Letter from George Washington:

        To THE Ancient York Masons of the Jurisdiction of Pennsylvania.

          "Gentlemen and Brothers:

          I received your kind Congratulations with the purest Sensations of fraternal affection, and from a Heart deeply impressed with your generous wishes for my present and future Happiness I beg you to accept of my thanks.

          At the same time I request you will be assured of my best wishes and earnest prayers for your Happiness while you remain in this terrestrial Mansion,

          and that we may hereafter meet as brethren in the Eternal Temple of the Supreme Architect.

          GEORGE-WASHINGTON-SIGNATURE

          (Signed) G. WASHINGTON."

        [SOURCE: Ancient York Masons of the Jurisdiction of Pennsylvania: Minutes of Dec. 27, 1793. Reprint, Vol. I, p. 8o6. Grand Lodge].




      <

      Resolved, that Brother Proctor and Poor be requested to wait on His Excellency, Bro. George Washington, with the compliments of the Day, and respectful Thanks of the Grand Lodge for his generous donation to the poor."

      Minutes of December 5, 5796. Reprint, Vol. I, p. 261.

      ''Grand Lodge, Quarterly Communication.

      '' On motion and seconded, that a Committee be appointed to frame an Address to be presented on the ensuing Feast of St John, Decemr. 27th, to the Great Master Workman, our Illustrious Br. Washington, on the occasion of his intended retirement from Public Labor, to be also laid before the said Grand Lodge on St John's Day, and the Rt. W. Grand Master, Deputy G. M., Brs. Sadler, Milnor and Williams, were accordingly appointed."

      Minutes of December 27, 5796. Reprint, Vol. I, pp. 262-263.

      Grand Lodge.

      The Committee appointed to prepare an Address to our Brother George Washington, President of the United States, presented an Address by them drawn up, which was ordered to be read, and was in the words following, to wit:

        'To George Washington, President of the United States. 'The Address of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania.

        Most ' Respected Sir and Brother:

        Having announoed your Intention to retire from Public Labor to that Refreshment to which your pre-eminent Services for near Half a Century have so justly entitled you, Permit the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania at this last Feast of our Evangelic Master St. John, on which we can hope for an immediate Communication with you,

        to join the grateful Voice of our Country in acknowledging that you have carried forth the Principles of the Lodge into every Walk of your Life by your constant Labors for the prosperity of that Country, by your unremitting Endeavors to promote Order, Union and Brotherly Affection amongst us, and lastly by the Vows of your Farewell Address to your Brethren and

      86] 21

      ' Fellow Citizens ; an Address which We trust our Children ' and our Children's Children will ever look upon as a most tn- ' valuaUe Legacy from a Friend, a Benefactor and a Father. ' To these our grateful Acknowledgments (leaving to the im- ' partial Pen in History to Record the important Events in ' which you have borne so illustrious a part)

      permit us to add 'our most fervent prayers, that after enjoying to the utmost ' Span of Human Life every Felicity which the Terrestrial ' Lodge can a£Ford, you may be received by the Great Master ' Builder of this World and of Worlds unnumbered into the ' ample Felicity of that Celestial Lodge in which alone distin- 'guished Virtues and distinguished Labors can be eternally ' rewarded/

      " It was then Moved and Seconded, that the same be adopted. Upon the question being taken it appeared that it was approved of. On Motion and seconded, it was agreed that a Committee be appointed to wait on Brother Washing- ton to acquaint him that it is the intention of this Grand Lodge to present an Address to him, and to know what Time he shall be pleased to appoint to receive it.

      The Committee appointed to perform this Duty were Brothers William Smith, Peter Le Barbier Duplessis and Thomas Proctor, who, after having waited on him. Reported that he had appointed tomorrow at 12 o'clock to receive it. Said Committee, to wit: Brothers W. Smith, Duplessis and Proctor, together with the R. W. G. M., D. G. M., Senior and Junior Wardens, Grand Secretary and Masters of the Different Lodges in the City, were then appointed a Deputation to present the said Ad- dress."

      Minutes of January 2, 5797. Reprint, Vd. I, pp. 266-267.

      flag divider

    President George Washington;

    A Grand Master, 33ed Degree Mason;

    Consider Globally, to be the Greatest Mason Ever!

      Letter from George Washington:

      ''Adjourned Lodge, Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania." ''The Deputation appointed on St John's Day to present the Address on that Day agreed to, to Our Brother George Washington, Reported, That they had waited on him and presented him the said Address,

      and that he had returned them an answer, which is in the words following:

        'Fellow-Citizens and Brothers of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania:

        I have received your address with all the feelings of Brotherly Affection mingled with those Sentiments for the Society which it was calculated to excite. To have been, in any Degree, 'an

        Instrument in the Hands of Providence to promote Order and Union, and erect upon a Solid foundation the true principles of Government, is only to have Shared with many others in a labour, the result of which, let us hope, will prove 'Through All Ages a Sanctuary' for Brothers, and a Lodge for the Virtues.

        Permit me to reciprocate your Prayers for my Temporal Happiness, and to Supplicate that we may all meet hereafter in that 'Eternal Temple whose builder is the great Architect of the Universe'"

          The proceeding^ of the Grand Lodge, in connection with the death of Washington, will be found in Volume I of the Reprint of the Minutes, at pages 376, 379, 385, 397 and 402.

          ---The gift to the Grand Lodge of Washington's Masonic apron, which was worked by Madame Lafayette, is recorded in Volume VI of the Reprint, page 58.

          A reference to a proposed statue and to a Masonic monument will be found in Voliune II, page 469, and Volume V, pages 275 and 337.

          Other references will be found in Volume V, page 352, and Voltune VI, pages 83 and 483.

          The gift of the portrait in the Grand Lodge Room, at the right of the Grand Master's station is recorded in Volume VI, pages 112 and 121.

          References to the portrait temporarily in the Grand Lodge Room, back of the Grand Master's station, will be found in the Proceedings of 1885, page 12, and of 1899, page 17.


          flag divider

    President George Washington;

    A Grand Master, 33ed Degree Mason;

    Consider Globally, to be the Greatest Mason Ever!

      At the Quarterly Communication held December 2, 1850, an appropriation of $500 was made to procure a block of Pennsylvania marble, to be used in the erection of the Washing- ton National Montunent, at Washington, D. C.

      At the Quarterly Communication hdd June 7, 1852, the following letter was read:

      "Washington National Monument Office,

      May 29, 1852.

      "Dr. Anthony Boumonville, Grand Master of Grand Lodge of Masons.

        Dear Sir:

        Your letter of the 22d inst addressed to his Excellency Millard Fillmore, President ex officio of the Washington Monument Society, together with one bearing date the 5th December last, from a Committee of the Grand Ma- sonic Lodge of Pennsylvania was duly received by the President

        I am requested by the President and Board of Managers to communicate to you that the splendid block of marble thus handsomely presented has been received and will be assigned a position in the Grand National edifice becoming the stand- ard of your ancient and noble order.

        I am also desired to present to you, and through you to the officers and members of said Grand Lodge, the sincere thanks of the Officers and Managers of the Monument Association for the magnificent memorial so worthy of representing the Masonic Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania in the National Monument to Washington, as an evidence of their regard and admiration and fraternal love for him who is justly designated as the Father and Bene- factor of his country and the human race.

        Most sincerely and respectfully yours,

        ELISHA WHITTLESEY,

        Gen. Agent"

      Non.— This stone, appropriately carved, is inserted in the monument at the landing, 8o feet from the ground

      Minutes of Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, Annual Grand Communication, December 27, a.d. 1901, a«l. 5901. Proceed- ings of 1901, pp. 150151.

      "Brother JAMES M. LAMBERTON oflEered the following preamble and resolutions, which were unanimously adopted :

      WHEREAS November fourth, a.d. 1902, a,l. 5902, will be the One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary of the initiation of GEORGE WASHINGTON into the Most Ancient and Honorable Fraternity of Free and Accepted Masons;

      Resolved, That the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania (whose records show cordial and fraternal relations with our illus- trious Brother WASHINGTON, the foremost American citizen, and the first President of the United States), do celebrate said Anniversary with suitable ceremonies in the Masonic Temple, in the City of Philadelphia, and recommend similar celebrations by the Lodges throughout the Jurisdiction.

      24 [S8 Resolved, That a Committee of Twelve, consisting of the Grand Officers and six other Brethren, be appointed to prepare a programme, and take charge of such celebration by the Grand Lodge, and suggest a programme for the use of such Lodges as may desire to have a similar celebration, which must be held within the tiled Lodge-room, banquet ex- cepted.

      Resolved, That a committee of Three, the Grand Master being one, be appointed to invite the presence in Grand Lodge, on that Anniversary, of the President of the United States, Brother THEODORE ROOSEVELT, and of the Governor of Pennsylvania, Brother WILLIAM A. STONE.

      The Rirht Worshipful Grand Master, Brother EDGAR A. TENNIS, appointed as the Committee of Twelve the follow- ing:

      Brother EDGAR A. TENNIS, R. W. Grand Master;

      JAMES W. BROWN, R. W. Deputy Grand Master;

      GEORGE W. KENDRICK, Jr., R. W. Senior Grand Warden;

      GEORGE B. ORLADY, R. W. Junior Gnmd War- den;

      THOMAS R. PATTON, R. W. Grand Treasurer;

      WILLIAM A. SINN, R. W. Grand Secretary;

      CONRAD B. DAY, R. W. Past Grand Master;

      WILLIAM J. KELLY, R. W. Past Grand Master; " GEORGE E. WAGNER, R. W. Past Grand Master;

      JAMES M. LAMBERTON;

      GEORGE D. MOORE;

      WILUAM J. DIEHL;

      and on the Committee of Three to invite the President of the United States and the Governor of Pennsylvania, Right Wor- shipful Past Grand Master Brother WILLIAM J. KELLY and Brother JAMES M. LAMBERTON."

      muisbinaton Seeaui^centennial annivecean?

      Eighteen thousand five hundred copies of the sou- yenir apron were asked for and provided. A repro- duction of the Washington-La&yette apron will be found on the back of the programme, which is given at page 60. A reproduction on satin of the apron was sent to each Lodge in Pennsylvania, with the fol- lowing letter

      lntro&ttction Gramd LiOnaB of PBNztsirr.vANiA. F« A A« M*

      lVAflHINOriON«8 iNIllikTEON A8 A FrBBMABON,

      AT PWIIi A IWLFMAt OS WUKfBBDA Y, NO' Vimi, A. Ol IMM, A* k 80

      Masonio Temple^ Philadelphia^ October £3rd, ▲. 0. 190E, ▲. L. 690E.


      To the Worshipful Master ^ Officers and Brethren of Lodge No.

      Dear Sirs and Brethren:

      Herewith, is sent to your Lodge a reproduction on satin of the Masonio apron which liadaae de Lafayette worked on white satin with colored si Iks ^ and which her husband^ Brother the Marquis de Lafayette presented to Washington^ when he visited Mount Vernon^ in August^ 1784

      After Washington's death, this apron was presented by his legatees, in 1816, to the Washington Benevolent Society of Phi lad el- phia> and, when that Society dissolved in 18B9, it was presented to the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. From the original apron, i^lch is carefully preserved in the Library of the Grand Lodge, the Committee of Arrange* ments have had the reproduction made; in order to preserve it, it might be well to Imve it suitably framed.

      For the Committee,

      Grand Master, €hai Lamberton, Secretary. 41

      Tmaebington Seaatti-^centennial Bnniverean;

      Inyitations were sent to the Grand Masters, Deputy Grand Masters, Grand Secretaries, and Chairmen of the Committees on Correspondence of all the Grand Lodges vdth which the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania holds fraternal relations ; to the Grand Wardens, the Grand Treasurers, and two Past Grand Masters of those Jurisdictions which border on Pennsylvania;

      to the Master, Wardens, Treasurer, and Secretary of Alexan- dria-Washington Lodge, No. 22, Virginia, once No. 39 on the roll of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania ; to the Officers, Trustees, and Committees of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania ; to a number of distinguished Brethren ; and to one specially selected representative of each Lodge in this Jurisdiction.

      Under date of September the eighteenth, the follow- ing letter was sent to all the Lodges in Pennsylvania :



      flag divider

    President George Washington;

    A Grand Master, 33ed Degree Mason;

    Consider Globally, to be the Greatest Mason Ever!

      Introbuction

      GRAND LODGE OF PENNSYLVANU, F. & A. M.

      OuBiUTioii OF vu SisQOi-caiTaiiiuL AumvnsAinr or wasuncton'S mnuTioM as a fueiusoii,

      TO K NILD AT PMLADCLmA. .OM WCDHeSDAY« NOVCMBCK THE FlFTN,

      A. D. 1908. A.^L S908. impiitPMj

      a. iL a sh; A. 1. an

      To th« Worshlpfal Master, Offioers and Brethr«n of Lodgo Ho* Dear Sirs and Brothron:

      The Sesqui-Centennial Anniversiary of the Initiation, of Brother George Washington into our Anoitnt and Honorablo Fra- tornity^ (vhloh ooonrrod on MoToabor the fonrth, A. D. 1752, A. L* 0762,) will bo oolobrattd bj th« Orand' Lodgo of Ponnsylvaniai on Hovaabor tho Fifth, noxt.

      The Orand Lodgo, will bo oponod in Corinthian Ball, in ths Maaonio Toaplo, Philadtlphla, at tvolvo o*olook, noon. Tho Orand llasttr of PonnsylTanla will aako an addross of voIoobo, to vhioh tho Orand llastor of Masaaohnsotta vlll roplj.

      Birothor Thoodoro R9osoTolt, of Matinooook Lodgo, Mo. 606, Oyator Bay, M. T., ozpoota to bo proatnt, and will make an addrtso* Addrctaaoa on "Vaahington as a Maaon**, and "Washington as a Citi- son", will bo aado by two of tho Brothrsn; and gros tings will bo roooivod froB tho visiting Grand Mastors.

      It is a natter of groat rogrot that it is physically inpossiblo for all nonbors of Grand Lodgo to bo admittsd to Corinthian Ball at this oolobration, and it will bo possible to aooonnodate only tho Offiosrs, Trustees, Connittees, and Gnssts of Grand Lodgo, and one Brother fron eaoh of the Lodges in the Jnrisdiotion.

      It ;ls the great desire of the Connittee to vhon the oharge of the celebration was entrusted by Orand Lodge, that yovr Lodge ahoold be repreaented, on so very interesting an oooaaion, by aone nenber of the Lodge, WBO 18 A laXBIR OP GRABD LODGE.

      Toor Lodge is requested to seleot auoh a Brother, and send his nana to the Secretary of the Connittee of Arrangenents, Masonic Tenple, Philadelphia, not later than the day after your stated neeting in October, .ao that an invitation and a card of adniaaion (WITBOUT WBICB NO BROTBER WILL BB ADMITTED TO TEMPLE OH NOYSMBBR TBB PIPTB,) nay be aent to hin

      The R. W. Graxid Master hereby directs that your Secretary, in aending out the notices of your next stated neeting, shall notify the nenbera that such representative will be selected at that neeting. Should your Lodge decide not to send a repreaentative, notice of such action nust be innediately forwarded to this office.

      For the Connittee,

      Orand Master, Chaiman • M. Xanberton, Secretary.

      TKOaebington Seaaui^entennfal Bnniverean;

      The inyitation, which was engraved by the Bailey, Banks & Biddle Company, of Philadelphia, and the letter aooompanymg it, were as foUows :

      Introbuction

      GlLAKB IiOI>GB OF PbNKSTI«TAXIA, F. & A. M*

      OMEMmmAxum ow rmm ■■i Qi n«o — t — ji al AMwirmmMAMT ov WASHnroTOir'S iHTCiATioir as a Fbsemabon.

      TO Vm HBU> .AX WHiAWWiFMLA, OV WSlUnWDAT, VOmtBBB TKl

      VIRH, ▲•D. IMMt A«&. M

      Thb Grand Lodgb will bb opbmxo im Corinthian Hall, in tub asonic Tbhtlb, cornbr or Broad and Pilbbrt Strbbts, at twblvb o'clock, noon. Brothbr Edgar A. Tbnnis, R. W. Grand Mastbr op Pbnnsvlvania, well MAKB AN ADDRBSS Or WBLCOKB, TO WHICH BrOTHBR CHARLBS T. GALLAGHBR,

      M. W. Grand Mastbr or Massachusbtts, will rbply.

      Brothbr Thbodorb Roosbvblt, op Matinbcock Lodgb, No. 806, Ovstbr Bay,

      N. Y., WILL MAKB AN ADDRBSS; AND BrOTHBR StBWART L. WOODPORD, PaST MAS-

      tbr op Qontinbntal Lodgb, No. 287, Nbw York, will dblivbr an oration on ** Washington as a Citizbn," and Brothbr Jambs M. Lambsrton, Past Mastbr op Pbrsbvbrancb Lodgb, No. 21, Harrisburg, Pa., onb on *' Washington as a

      Grbbtings will bb rbcbivbd prom thb visiting M. W. Grand Mastbrs.

      A BANQUBT WILL BB 8BRVBD IN THB BANQUBTING HaLL AT POUR O'CLOCK, P.M.,

      AND A Tabls Lodgb will bb opbnbd.

      Your prompt accbptancb, NOT LATER THAN OCTOBER 20th, addrbssbd TO Brothbr Edgar A. Tbnnis, R. W. Grand Mastbr op Masons, Masonic Tbmplb, Philadblphia, is rbqubstbd; and a Card, op Admission, WITHOUT MTHICH NO BROTHER WILL BE ADMITTED TO THE TEMPLE ON NOVEMBER THE FIFTH, will bb sbnt to you.

      Masonic Tbmplb, Philadblphia,

      OCTOBBR 4th, A.D. 1902, A.L. 0902.

      TRaa0bin0ton Seeaui^centennial Hnniveceaci?

      The card of admiasion to the Temple (being differ- ent in color according to the place designated, — i.e, the Grand Master's office, Renaissance, Egyptian, or Ciorinthian Hall, —

      to which the Brother was to go, nd the wearing of appropriate jewel and apron being required of the Brethren of this Jurisdiction), and the accompanying letter to guests and the specially selected representatives of the Lodges (the directions corre- sponding with those on the card) y were as follows :

      flag divider

    President George Washington;

    A Grand Master, 33ed Degree Mason;

    Consider Globally, to be the Greatest Mason Ever!

      THE PRESIDENT'S CARD OF ADMISSION

      Introduction

      Grand Lodgb of Pbnnsylvaioa. F* & A* ML Washington's Imtxiatidk as a PrjAbmason,

      TO mm HXLD AT PHII^DSUPBIA* OlOrBIKilBBDAV. N A. Du

      Kasonio Tesplej Philadelphia^ Ootoberj A. D. igoe^ A. L. 6903;

        Dear Sir and Brother;

        I have the pleasure of enoloamg a card (without which, admission may not be obtained) to the Masonic Temple, comer of Broad and Filbert Streets-, for Wednesday, HoTsmber the fifth.

        Please present it at the Broad Street entrance, and, after being properly Touched for, proceed to the Orand Master's office on the left.

        No Brother will be admitted after 11.50 o'clock, A. M.

        Masonic dress (black clothes, black necktie and white gloves) and appropriate Jewel and apron, will be expected.

        I enclose also a card of admission to the banquet.

        If, for any reason, it becomes necessary for you to withdraw your acceptance, please notify me AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.

        To uvoid mistakes, kindly acknowledge the receipt of this letter and its enclosures.

        A committee will be at the Masonic Temple, Tuesday evening, November the fourth, from 7 to 10 o'clock, and on Wednesday morning, from 9 to 11 o'clock, for the purpose of sjcaminlng Breibren not vouched for.

        The R. W. Grand Master will bs pleased to see you at the Temple on Tuesday evening.

        Fraternally yours,

        Inolosures. ( Secretary.

        miaabinaton SesQui^entennial Bnnivereaci^

        Grand Liodge of Pskksti^takia, F« A A. M.

        CI.— jTioy OF «■■ sBs^m-cnraann.Ai. AjnnrmmMAMT of

        Wa8hingtok*8 Initiation as a Fbsbmason,

        FIFTH, A.D. IMW, A.I.. •••••

        Thb Grand Lodgb will ib opbnbd in Corinthian Hall, in tmb Masonic Tbmflb, corner op Broad and Filbbrt Strbbts, at twblvb o'clock, moon. Brothbr Edgar A. Tbnnis, R. W. Grand Mastbr op Pbnnsvlvania, will makb

        AN ADDRB88 OP WBLCOMB, TO WHICH BROTHBR ChARLBS T. GaLLAGBBR, M. W.

        Grand Mastbr op Massachusbtts, will rbplv.

        Brotrbr Thbodorb Roosbvblt, op Matinbcock Lodgb, No. 806, Oystbr Bay, N. v., will makb an addrbss; and Brothbr Stbwart L. Woodpord, Past Mas- ter OP Continental Lodge, No. 287, New York, will delivbr an oration on *' Washington as a Citizen," and Brother James M. Lambbrton, Past Master op Persbvbrance Lodge, No. 21, Harrisburg, Pa., one on *' Washington as a Freemason.**

        Greetings will be received prom the visiting M. W. Grand BiIastbrs.

        A card, without which admission may not be obtained to the BiASONIC

        Temple, on Wednesday, November 6th, is herewith enclosed. Present it at the Filbert Street entrance, and, apter being properly vouched por, go BY THE South Corridor to the elevators and stairs, and up to the Corin- thian Hall, in pront on the right.

        Masonic dress (black clothes, black necktie, and white gloves), and

        appropriate jewel (suspended by a blub ribbon to be ¥rORN ON THB lbpt LAPEL OP THE COAT), WILL BE REQUIRED. NO BROTHER WILL BE ADMITTED TO THE

        Temple aptbr IIJSO a.m., or without card.

        A Card op Admission to Banquet also is enclosed.

        Ip, por any reason, it becomes necessary por you to withdraw your acceptance, please notify AS SOON AS POSSIBLE the Sbcrbtary op the Committee, Brother James M. Lambbrton, Masonic Temple, Philadelphia. A Committee will be at the Masonic Temple on Tuesday Bvbnimg prom

        7 to 10 O'CLOCK, AND ON WEDNESDAY MORNING, PROM 9 TO 11 O'CLOCK, FOR THB

        purpose op examining brethren not vouched por.

        The District Deputy Grand Masters will be near the entrance to vouch por brethren.

        Masonic Temple, Philadelphia,

        October, A.D. 1M2, A.L. 5902.

        The arrangement of Corinthian Hall and the seating of the Brethren were intrusted to the Committee on Temple, Brothers William J, Kelly, R. W. Past Grand Master ; Hibbekt P. John, James B. Duffy, G. Ellwood Wagneb, and Z. Taylor Bickabds, who discharged their duty admirably.

        Brother Geobge J, Vandegbift, the Supervisor of the Temple, rendered most efficient and willing assist- ance.

        Grand Tyler Brotheir Howabd Mabch, who is also Private Secretary to the Grand Master, answered the innumerable demands made upon him with the utmost courtesy and good nature.

        The Committee on Printing and Publishing, Brothers

        M. RiCHABDS MUCKLE, WiLLIAM H. BeLLOWS, T.

        Dablington Buckwalteb, William D. McElboy, and Alton G. Scholl, co-operating with the Sesqui- centennial Committee, arranged with Mr. Samuel Sabtain to engrave the portrait of Washington by GiLBEBT Stuabt. (See frontispiece.)

        The following folded card of directions was pre- pared for the information of the Brethren :

        TRDaabinaton SedquiKcntennial Hnnii^erean^ BAin>ix>DGBorPBinrsn:iVAinA book JTa flE J^* M^9

        flag divider

    President George Washington;

    A Grand Master, 33ed Degree Mason;

    Consider Globally, to be the Greatest Mason Ever!

      WMM VBOf IDBD CO Dl ▲VB OOAXa AM VOEAOWB : GBANB MA8T£R*8 BOOM, OF IKITLATIOK

      BBOTHER GBOBGE WA8HIKOTON

      WMXHUm VBOHT, VOl

      Gniid Lodfie Offioen (except Dlitikt Deputy Grand Masten and Grand Chnplains).

      Put Grand Mftsten of Pennsylvania.

      Visiting Grand Hasten of other Jariadictions.

      OBIBKTAIi HAIili

      Membera of Lodges Nos. 2 to 800 indnstve. BBKAISSAKCB HAIili

      8BOOVD VI.OOB OF

      Grand OiBcera and dictions.

      Trustees of Grand Lodge Charity Fund.

      ** Girard Bequest.

      ** Title to Masonic Temple.

      *' Thomas R. Patton

      Memorial Charity Fund.

      " Stephen Taylor Bequest. Commiaslonen of Sinking Fund. Members of Lodges Nos. 801 to 47S, inclusive.

      flag divider

    President George Washington;

    A Grand Master, 33ed Degree Mason;

    Consider Globally, to be the Greatest Mason Ever!

      NOBMAN HALiIi 8BOOVD VLOOB BBAB, VOBZH 8IDB OV TBMVZA.

      Committee on Appeals.

      •• Fhiance. " ** Correspondence.

      " By-Laws.

      " PrinUng and Publishing. Memben of Lodges Nos. 474 to 884, inclusive.

      EOTPTIAN HAIili

      8BOOVD V&OOS »

      Grand Chaplains.

      District Deputy Grand Masten.

      Committee on Library.

      St. John's Lodge, No. 1, New York.

      Potomac Lodge, No. 6, D. C.

      Aleaamdria-Washington Lodge, No. 22, Va.

      Fredericksburg Lodge, No. 4, Va.

      18 OtYMM OW WA8HIVOTOV BBUOB AVO ABTIGLB8 PBOULIAB TO HI8 TZMB.

      ' assemble. - u

      ( ' lis chair were chairs

      ' ( P tates and the Governor

      '"^ui: dT on a raised platform

      I c *** •' aed visiting Brethren.

      < ;p ucly in front of the Grand

      Ntarit- . purple-covered stand, upon

      «c !• !c- umber of most interesting Wash-

      fii'* photographs, which are described

      .)8-201. A few feet in front of this ite marble bust of Washington, after marble pedestal. Immediately in front (1 Master's pedestal was the Lafayette- . apron, while on the pedestal itself rested sed by Washington when he laid the comer- he National Capitol, at Washington, D. C.

      flag divider

    President George Washington;

    A Grand Master, 33ed Degree Mason;

    Consider Globally, to be the Greatest Mason Ever!

      THE CELEBRATION

      Wednesday, November the fifth, was a fine autumn day, clear and mUd.

      Soon after nine a.m. the Brethren began to assemble.

      The usual seat of the Grand Master in the Corinthian Hall was removed, and its place was taken by a chair once used by Washington, and now kindly loaned by the City Councils of Philadelphia, and brought from Independence Hall. (See page 339, No. 372.) On the right and left of this chair were chairs for the President of the United States and the Qovernor of Pennsylvania. In the rear on a raised platform were seats for the distinguished visiting Brethren.

      On the floor, immediately in front of the Grand Master's station, was a purple-covered stand, upon which were placed a number of most interesting Wash- ington relics and photographs, which are described below at pages 198-201. A few feet in front of this stand was a white marble bust of Washington, after HouDON, on a marble pedestal. Immediately in front of the Grand Master's pedestal was the Lafayette- Washington apron, while on the pedestal itself rested the gavel used by Washington when he laid the comer- stone of the National Capitol, at Washington, D. C.

      51

      iniaebinaton Sesqui'^centennial Hnnivereain?

      A special train on the Pennsylvania Railroad brought to Philadelphia Brother Theobobe Booseyelt, Presi- dent of the United States, arriving at Broad Street Station at 11.16 a.m. The President was accompanied by Brother William Loeb, Jr., Assistant Secretary to the President, Brother John W. Veooman, M. W. Past Grand Master of New York, and Dr. George A. Lung, U.8.N., the President's physician.

      The Sesqui-centennial Committee boarded the pri- vate car " Mayflower," and greeted the President and his party ; they then escorted him through the station to the entrance at the corner of Market and Fifteenth Streets, where carriages and an escort of mounted police were in waiting. The space from Fifteenth Street to the Temple was roped oJBT, and a large crowd lined the sidewalks to greet the President. The President, Grand Master Tennis, Deputy Grand Master Brown, and Brother Loeb occupied the first carriage.

      On arriving at the Temple, Brother Roosevelt held a reception in the Grand Master^s office, and then ex- amined the Loan Collection of Washingtoniana.

      Brother Roosevelt was presented with a Grand Lodge apron (a Master Mason's apron with "Grand Lodge" on the flap), having on the lining the following inscription :

      Sesqui-centennial Anniversary

      ef the 3|nftfatfon tf

      5752 5902

      November 5> 1902

      Presented to

      if

      Matinecock Lodge, No. 8o6. P. & A. M.

      New York

      flag divider

    President George Washington;

    A Grand Master, 33ed Degree Mason;

    Consider Globally, to be the Greatest Mason Ever!

      A gold Sesqui-centennial medal, set in a neat case, haying the following inscription : " Presented to Bro. Theodore Roosevelt by the Grand Lodge of Pennsylyania, F. & A. M., November 6th, 1902,*' was also given to Brother Roosevelt.

      Shortly before twelve o'clock, when about five hun- dred and fifty Brethren had assembled in Corinthian Hall, the procession entered.

      The following was the Order of Procession :

      vaa0bin0ton Seequi^entennfal Hnniverear^

      Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, F. & A. M.

      CELEBRATION OF THE SBSQUI-CBNTENNIAL ANNIVERSARY OF

      Washington's Initiation as a Freemason

      NeU m the MASONIC TEMPLE IN THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA ON WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER THE FIFTH. A. D. 190a, A. L. S9M.

      ORDER OP PROCESSION

      FIRST PROCESSION.

      To be formed in the Egyptian Hall.

      ABsistant Grand Marshal : Bko. WILLIAM J. DIKHL.

      Deputation from Frederidoibuig Lodge, No. 4, FrederiokBbiug, Va.,

      Bringing the Washington Initiation Bible :

      Bbo. William H. HtrKKAMP, W. M. Bro. A. Rakdolph Howard, J. W. Bro. Mattricb Hirsh, S. W. Bro. S. J. Qunrir, Sec'y.

      Deputation from Alexandria- Washington Lodge, No. 22, Alexandria, Va. formerly No. 89, Pennsylyania :

      Bro. Johk F. Birrrll, W. M. Bro. Bobrrt W. Arkold, S. W.

      Bro. Harrt F. Charlrs, J. W.

      JOk CeleDtation

      Deputation from Potomac Lodge, No. 6, Washington, D. C, Brin^g the Washington Gavel :

      SzT. Bbo. Stavlst BiLLHsiMsa, W. M. Bro. Oharlxs T. Livdbxt, S.

      Bro. HxiniT 6. Waonxb.

      Deputation fiom St John's Lodge, No. 1, New York, Bringing the Washington Inauguration Bihle :

      Bro. Gsoros H. Philups, P. M. Bro. Fraitk W. Silkman, S. W.

      Bro. Gsorgs T. Moktoomxrt. Bro. Alxxandsr B. Oorbrt, Sec'y.

      flag divider

    President George Washington;

    A Grand Master, 33ed Degree Mason;

    Consider Globally, to be the Greatest Mason Ever!

      District Deputy

      Bro. Johk W. Lahshtgrr. Bro. Sahtjsl M. Gk)0DTRAR. Bro. Judbon Armor. Bro. Jobsph W. Day. Bro. William J. Transuk. Bro. Matthew M. MagMillak. Bro. Thomas F. Wxlls. Bro. James A. Puoh. Bro. Botd 6. Steel. Bro. Datid A. Sawdet. Bro. Walter D. Glare. Bro. William M. Hamilton. Bro. John S. Sell. Bro. Alexakder Elliott. Bro. Johk D. Goee. Bro. Samuel Hamilton.

      Grand MaBters :

      Bro. William L. Gk>RGA8. Bro. George H. Shirk. Bro. Thaddeus S. Adle. Bro. Charles S. Yandegrift. Bro. Dayid S. Bachmak. Bro. William D. White. Bro. Wentworth D. Yedder. Bro. Ezra C. Dott. Bro. Johk J. Jokes. Bro. Wilsok I. Flemikg. Bro. William B. Meredith. Bro. James W. McDowell. Bro. George H. Quaill. Bro. Johk W. Farkbworth. Bro. Frakk C. O'Bourke. Bro. George D. Peters.

      Grand Chaplains :

      Bet. Bro. Johk S. J. McCokkell, D.D. Bet. Bro. Charles M. Stock, D.D.

      Bet. Bro. J. Grat Boltok, D.D. Bet. Bro. William B.Chalfakt,D.D.

      Bet. Bro. Bichard H. Whartok. Bet. Bro. Charles H. Bokd.

      Bet. Bro. Geo.W. MAcLAnGHLiK,D.D. Bet. Bro. Frakk B. Ltkch, D.D.

      Assistant Grand Tyler :

      Bro. Johk Peter McBeak. 55

      iniaebinaton Seeaui^entennfal Hnnivereain?

      SECOND PROCESSION.

      To be formed in the BemuBsance Hall.

      AagMtant Grand MaiBhal : BBO. GEORGE D. MOOBE.

      Grand Officen and Gueets from Sister Grand Lodges.

      ABIZONA.

      Bko. BxirjAMur TiTxre, M. W. Past Grand Master.

      ABKANSAS.

      Bro. GsoBas H. Lee, D. D. G. Master, Eighth District.

      CONNECTICUT.

      Bro. Lbov M. Woodtorb, Bro. John H. Barlow,

      B. W. Deputy Grand Master. M. W. Grand Secretary.

      DELAWABE.

      Bro. Charles H. Maull, Bro. Walter S. Letherburt,

      R. W. Deputy Grand Master. B. W. Senior Grand Warden.

      Bro. Isaac A. Warrek, Bro. William L. Hamakv,

      B. W. Junior Grand Warden. B. W. Grand Treasurer.

      Bro. Bekjahiv F. Bartraic, Bro. Geo. Masset Jokes,

      B. W. Grand Secretary. M. W. Past Grand Master.

      Bro. J. Harmer Bile, Bet. Bro. Lewis H. Jacksok,

      M. W. Past Grand Master. Chairman, Com. on Correspondence.

      Bro. Lewis B. Morrow, B. W. Past Grand Treasurer.

      DISTBICT OP COLUMBIA.

      Bro. Gborqb H. Walker, Bro. George W. Baird,

      B. W. Deputy Grand Master. Chairman, Com. on Oorrespondenoe.

      MABTLAND.

      Bro. J. Clbmbut Clark, Bro. Peter E. Tome,

      B. W. Junior Grand Warden. B. W. Grand Treasurer.

      Bro. John M. Carter, M. W. Past Grand Master.

      56

      JLbc Celebration

      NEBRASKA.

      Bbo. Fbakk B. Bullabd, B. W. Deputy Grand Master.

      NEW JEBSET.

      Bbo. Johh H. Wilkiitb, Bko. Benj. F. Wakb7Ield,

      B. W. Deputy Grand Master. B. W. Senior Grand Warden.

      Bbo. Waltbb Ghakdlbb, Bko. Thomas H. R. Bbdwat,

      B. W. Junior Grand Warden. B. W. Grand Secretary.

      Bbo. Ohablbs H. Maitn, Bbo. Ohablbs Bblohbb,

      M. W. Past Grand Master. M. W. Fast Grand Master and

      Bbo. Jobiah W. Ewajt, Chairman, Com. on Oorrespondenoe.

      M. W. Fast Grand Master.

      NEW YORK.

      Bbo. John W. Yboomak, M. W. Past Grand Master.

      Rt. Ret. Bbo. Hefbt 0. Pottbb, D.D , LL.D., D.O.L.,

      Past Grand Chaplain.

      Bbo. William L. Swan, P. M., Bbo. William Lobb, Jb.,

      Matineoock Lodge, No. 806, Oyster Wadsworth Lodge, No. 417, Albany. Bay.

      OHIO.

      Bbo. Obion P. Spbbba, Bbo. Jaoob H. Bbomwell,

      B. W. Deputy Grand Master. R. W. Grand Secretary.

      QUEBEC.

      Bbo. Edwabd T. D. Chambebs, M. W. Past Grand Master and Chairman, Com. on Correspondence.

      TENNESSEE.

      Bbo. Henbt H. Inoebsoll, Chairman, Com. on Correspondence.

      VERMONT. Bbo. Etsbstt C. Benton.

      VIRGINIA.

      Bbo. Kosciusko Kempeb, B. W. Grand Junior Warden.

      Assistant Grand Tyler :

      Bbo. Daniel W. Htttchin.

      67

      VOaebinoton Seequi^entennfal Hnnii^erear^

      THIRD PROCESSION.

      To be fonned in the Office of the B. W. Orand Maiter.

      When this Procesdon reaches the entrance to the Corinthian Hall, it will halt, open ranks to the right and left, &cing inward, and the Offlcen and Guests of the Grand Lodge in reverse order will pass through to the East

      Grand Marshal :

      BBO. GEOBGE B. WELLS.

      Grand Tyler : Grand PursuiTant :

      Bbo. Howaiu) Makch Bro. J. Hskkt Williams.

      Grand Stewards : Bso. McGlunkt BADCLIF7X. Bbo. Gxobos a. Howx.

      Junior Grand Deacon : Senior Grand Deacon :

      Bko. John L. Kiksxt. Bko. Chaklxs M. Swaik.

      Grand Chaplains :

      Bxv. Bro. Jamxs W. Bobius, D.D. Bt. Bxt. Bbo. Cobtlakdt Whitkhxai),

      D.D.

      Deputy Grand Secretary : Bbo. John A. Pxbbt.

      Orators of the Day : Bbo. Jamxs M. Lambxbton. Bbo. Stxwabt L. Woodfobd.

      68 The (Celebration

      Yinting M. W. Grand Masters :

      Bbo. Har&t H. Mtxb8, Bro. Abthitb C. Whselbb,

      M. W. O. M. of Arkansas. M. W. 6. H. of Connecticut

      Bbo. Hakbt J. QuTHRix, Bro. Max Mtxrhari>t,

      M. W. G. H. of Delaware. M. W. G. M. of Georgia.

      Bro. Dated F. Mabon, Bro. Thomas J. Shrtock,

      M. W. G. M. of Idaho. M. W. G. M. of Maryland.

      Bro. Charlxb T. Gallaghxr, Bro. Johk 0. Yocum,

      M. W. G. M. of Massachusetts. M. W. G. M. of Missouri.

      Bro. W. Holt Apgar, Bro. William B. Ellis,

      M. W. G. M. of New Jersey. M. W. G. M. of Prince Edward Island.

      Bro. H. Oscar Kxrnb, M. W. G. M. of Virginia.

      B. W. Past Grand Masters :

      Bro. Gxoror B. Waovxr. Bro. William J. Kxllt.

      Bro. Mattbiab H. Hrvdxrsok. Bro. Michael Arkold.

      Bro. GoiotAD B. Day. Bro. Samuel B. Dick.

      Bro. Samuel C. PERKnrs.

      Bro. WILLIAM A. SINN, Bro. THOMAS R. PATTON,

      B. W. Grand Secretary. B. W. Grand Treasurer.

      Bro. GEOBGB B. OBLADY, Bro. GEOBGB W. KBNDRIGK, Jr.,

      B. W. Junior Grand Warden. B. W. Senior Grand Warden.

      His Excellency Bro. JAMES W. BROWN, Bro. WILLIAM A. STONE,

      B. W. Deputy Grand Master. Governor of Pennsylvania.

      His Excellency Bro. EDGAR A. TENNIS, Bro. THEODORE ROOSEVELT,

      R. W. Grand Master. President of the United States.

      Bro. Robert J. Linden, Grand Sword Bearer.

      After the close of the Grand Lodge, Uie Third Procession will withdraw in the same order in which it entered, and retire to the place from which it set out

      69

      VOaebinaton 9e0Qui«

      Owing to a fog in New York harbor, a number of visiting Grand Officers did not arrive in time to take part in the procession ; and a few, at the last minute, were unable to be present.

      As the Officers and Guests of the Grand Lodge entered, the Orchestra played the march from The Prophet.

      The programme of the exercises in Grand Lodge, fastened together with purple ribbon and inclosed in a white envelope (made by Messrs. Longhead & Co., of Philadelphia), was as follows :

      «o

      CELEBRATION

      OF THE

      Sesqui-centennial Anniversary OF THE Initiation of

      Brother George Washington

      INTO

      The Fraternity of Freemasons

      BY

      THE R!GHT WORSHIPFUL GRAND LODGE

      Of the Most Ancient and Honorable Fraternity of

      FREE AND ACCEPTED MASONS OF PENNSYLVANIA,

      And Masonic Jurisdiction Thereunto Belonging

      HELD IN THE MASONIC TL-MPLE IN THE CITY OF PMILAOhLPHiA

      On Wednesday, November tlie Fift'i, A. I), ihjj, A. L.. 5;^'2

      At 12 (fc^xk, N. e 1

      Programme

      I. MUSIC March from The Prophet .... ORCHESTRA Entrance of the Officers and Guests of the Grand Lodge

      2. Opening of the Grand Lodge

      3. Prayer rev. brother James W. Robins, D. d.

      Grand Chaplain

      4. Music Old Hundredth ALL THE BRETHREN

      With one consent let ail the earth

      To GOD their cheerful voices raise ; Glad homage pay with awful mirth,

      And sing before Him songs of praise.

      Convinced that He is GOD alone,

      From Whom both we and all proceed ; We, whom He chooses for His own,

      The flock that He vouchsafes to feed.

      For He's the Lord, supremely good,

      His mercy is forever sure ; His truth, which always firmly stood,

      To endless ages shall endure.

      5. ADDRESS OF WELCOME BROTHER EDGAR A. TENNIS

      R. W. Grand Master of Pennsylvania

      6. Reply on behalf of the visiting grand Officers

      BROTHER Charles T. Gallagher

      M. W. Grand Master of Massachusetts

      7. MUSIC The Palms ORCHESTRA

      8. ADDRESS .... BROTHER THEODORE ROOSEVELT

      Matinecock Lodge, No. 806, Oyster Bay, N. Y.

      President of the United States

      g. MUSIC Hallelujah Chorus from The Messiah CHORUS

      Hallelujah! Hallelujah!

      For the Lord GOD Omnipotent reigneth,

      The kingdom of this world is become

      The kingdom of our Lord,

      And He shall reign forever and ever,

      King of kings, and Lord of lords.

      Hallelujah 1 Hallelujah !

      10. Oration Washington as a preemason

      BROTHER James M. Lamberton, p. m.

      Perseverance Lodge, No. 21, Harrisburg

      11. MUSIC The President's March ALL THE BRETHREN

      Hail COLUMBIA ! happy land ;

      Hail ye HEROES, Heav'n-born band,

      Who fought and bled in freedom's caufe,

      Who fought and bled in freedom's caufe, And when the ftorm of war was gone. Enjoy'd the peace your valor won.

      Let INDEPENDENCE be OUr boaft,

      Ever mindful what it coft.

      Ever grateful for the prize.

      Let its altar reach the fkies.

      Firm — uniUd— let us be, Rallying round our liberty ; As a band of brothers jotn^d^ Peace and fafety -we f ball find.

      IMMORTAL PATRIOTS I rife once more, Defend your rights, defend your fhore,

      Let no rude foe with impious hand,

      Let no rude foe with impious hand. Invade the fhrine where sacred lies, Of toil and blood the well-earn'd prize.

      While offering peace, fincere and juft,

      In Heaven we place a manly truft.

      That truth and juftice will prevail,

      And every fcheme of bondage fail. Firm — united^ etc,

      Sound, found the trump of Fame, Let WASHINGTON'S great name.

      Ring thro' the world with loud applaufe.

      Ring thro' the world with loud applaufe, Let every clime to Freedom dear, Liften with a joyful ear I

      With equal fkill, with Godlike power.

      He governs in the fearful hour

      Of horrid war, or guides with eafe

      The happier times of honeft Peace. Firm — united, etc.

      Behold the CHIEF WHO NOW COMMANDS, Once more to ferve his country, ftands I The Rock on which the ftorm will beat, The Rock on which the ftorm will beat. But arm'd in virtue, firm and true. His hopes are fixed on Heav'n and YOU. When Hope was finkine in difmay. And glooms obfcur'd Columbia's day. His fteady mind, from changes free, Resolved on Death or Liberty. Firm — united^ etc.

      fofeph Hopkmfofi, Philadelphia, April 2^^ 179S.

      12. Oration Washington as a Citizen

      BROTHER STEWART L. WOODFORD, P. M.

      Continental Lodge, No. 287,

      New York

      13. MUSIC America ... ALL THE BRETHREN

      Hail, Masonry divine ! Glory of ages, shine.

      Long may'st thou reign ; Wher'erthy Lodges stand, May they have great command, And always grace the land,

      Thou art divine !

      Great fabrics still arise, And grace the azure skies.

      Great are thy schemes ; Thy noble orders are Matchless beyond compare ; No art with thee can share,

      Thou art divine !

      Hiram the Architect, Did all the Craft direct

      How they should build ; Solomon, great Israel's king, Did mighty blessings bring, And left us room to sing

      Hail, Royal Art!

      14. GREETINGS FROM THE VISITING M. W. GRAND MASTERS

      15. CLOSING OF THE GRAND LODGE

      l6. PRAYER .

      Rt. Rev. bro. cortlandt Whitehead, d. d.

      Grand Chaplain

      17. MUSIC March from Tannh'duser .... ORCHESTRA Withdrawal of the Officers and Guests of the Grand Lodge.

      COMMITTEE OF ARRANGEMENTS

      BROTHER EDGAR A. TENNIS. R. W. Grand Master

      JAMES W. BROWN. R. W. Deputy Grand Master GEORGE W. KENDRICK. JR.. R. W. Senior Grand

      Warden GEORGE B. ORLADY. R. W. Junior Grand Warden THOMAS R. PATTON, R. W. Grand Treasurer. WILLIAM A. SINN. R. W. Grand Secretary CONRAD B. DAY. R. W. Past Grand Master WILLIAM J. KELLY. R. W. Past Grand Master. GEORGE E. WAGNER. R. W. Past Grand Master JAMES M. LAMBERTON. P. M. Lodge No. 2t GEORGE D. MOORE. P. M. Lods:e No. 106. WILLIAM J. DIEHL. P. M. Lodge No. 331-

      Washington's Apron

      tfranli Ijitsf of ^mnsplbania.

      SPECIAL CX>MMUNICATION. Held at Philadelphia, November 5. A.D. 1902, AX. 5902.

      PRESENT:

      Bbo. Bdoab a. Tsnkis ... E. W. Grand Master.

      iMmtoetUm, No. 871, ThompBOia- town.

      " Jahsb W. Brown . • . R W. Deputy Grand Master.

      Hfrilmiin, Na 821, FtttotaoiglL

      « George W. Ksnbriok, Jr. R. W. Senior Grand Warden.

      Waabington, No. 60, PhUadelptiiA.

      " George B. Orladt . .

      Moont Moiiah, No. 800, Honting-

      dOD.

      " Thomas R Patton . .

      Union, Na 121, PhlladelidkiA.

      " William A. Sinn . . •

      Montgomery, No. 19, Philadelphia.

      John A. Perry. . . .

      Integrity, No. 187, Philadelphia.

      Samuel C. Perkins . .

      CoTrnnWa, No. 91, Philadelphia.

      Samuel B. Dick . . .

      Lodge Na 408, Meadyllle.

      " CoNRAB B. Day . . .

      Hannony, Na 62, Philadelphia.

      '< Michael Arnold . . .

      Rising star. No. 126, Philadelphia.

      Matthias H. Henderson

      Lodge of the Cmft, Na 488, New Oaatle.

      William J. Kelly . .

      Waahington, No. 60, Philadelphia.

      George B. Wagner . .

      Hannony, No. 62, Philadelphia.

      ((

      ((

      ti

      u

      u

      u

      R. W. Junior Grand Warden.

      R. W. Grand Treasurer.

      R. W. Grand Secretary. Deputy Grand Secretary.

      ^ R W. Past Grand Masters.

      61

      VOaebinoton Sc0(|ui<>centennUiI Hnnivereans

      Bto. John W. Lanbinqsb • .

      lodge No. 48, LftnoMler.

      William L. Gorqas . .

      Fenerennoe, No. 21, Hurrltlniig.

      Saxuxl M. GtOODTXAB CumberUnd StAr, Na 197, GvUsle.

      Gborgb H. Shirk . . .

      FMmot, Na 848, Hanorer.

      JuDsoN Armor ....

      WilUunaon, No. 808, Downing- town.

      Thaddkus S. Able . .

      Ctuitft No. 190, Noniitown.

      Joseph W. Day . . .

      ChMidler, No. 227, Reeding.

      Charlss S. Yandeorift .

      Briitol, No. 25, Biiftol.

      William J. Transue. .

      Portland, No. 811, Portland.

      David S. Bachman . .

      Porter, Na 284, GataMUiqna.

      Matthew M. MacMillan

      Mahanoy City, Na 867, Mahanoy City.

      William D. White . .

      Landmark, No. 442, Wllket-Barre.

      Wbntworth D. Yedder .

      Friendship, Na 247, Mansfield.

      James A. Pugh. .

      Ivy, No. 807, wmiamsport.

      Ezra C. Doty . .

      Union, No. 824, Miffllntown.

      Boyd 6. Steel . .

      Mountain, Na 281, Altoona.

      Wilson I. Fleming

      Bellefonte, No. 288, Bellefonte.

      David A. Sawdsy.

      Perry, Na 802, Erie.

      Walter D. Clark

      Lodge of the Craft, No. 488, New OMtle.

      District Deputy Grand Mas- ters.

      62

      Jibe Celebtation

      u

      (f

      C(

      ((

      u

      ((

      {(

      ((

      ((

      Bro. William B. Mbbbdith .

      Klttumlnff, No. 2M, Kltlaiming.

      William M. Hamilton .

      CnMent, Na G7(^ PlttBboigh.

      Jamss W. MoDowkll

      WMhlngton, Na 164, WMhington.

      John S. Ssll ....

      WcBtnioieland, No. 61S, Oreeni-

      •« •

      Oatgm

      Geobob H. Qvaill . .

      BeUeTue, No. 690, BeUeya«.

      Albxanbbb Elliott . .

      Mount Moriali, No. 800, Hnnttng-

      dOD.

      John W. Fabnswobth .

      Mahoning, No. 516, Danyille.

      John D. Qoff ....

      Gheeter, No. 286, Chester.

      Frank C. O'Sourkb . .

      Unkm, No. 2S0, New Brighton.

      Samubl Hamilton. . .

      BnMldock's Field, No. 610, Bnd- dock.

      Gbobgb D. Pbtbbs . .

      Spring City, No. 668, Spring City.

      John J. Jonbs ....

      Ounhrift, Na 278, Johnitown. J

      Bev. Bro. Cobtlandt ^ Whitbhxai), D.D. . .

      FEWkkltn, No. 221^ Plttebuigh.

      Bev. Bro. Jambs W. Bobins,

      D.D

      Union,No. 121, PhUadelidilA.

      John S. J. MoCon-

      NBLL, D.D. . . .

      Monnt Horeh, No. 628, PhU- AdelphlA.

      Chablbs M. Stook, D.D

      Bedford, No. 820, Bedford.

      J. Grat Bolton, D.D.

      WMhlngton, No. 60, Phila- delphia.

      \

      u

      u

      District Deputy Grand Mas- ters.

      Bt.

      ((

      u

      *• Grand Chaplains.

      «

      ((

      C(

      it

      63

      TROaebinaton Scdqui^cntennial Hnnipcreac!?

      Bev.

      li

      U

      H

      u

      u

      a

      u

      u

      Bro.

      u

      u

      u

      u

      u

      C(

      ((

      u

      (I

      a

      u

      u

      u

      firo. William B. Chal-

      PANT, D.D. . . Chflitflr, No. 286, Chester.

      BiCHARD H. WhAB-

      TON . . . • Tyrone, No. 4M, Tyrooo.

      Cha&lss H. Bond

      OoYenant, No. 466, Fhiladel- phla.

      GsoRGs W. Mao-

      LAUOHLIN, D. D. 8olomon*t, No. 114, Phllft- delphia.

      Frank B. Lynch, D.D

      Mount Horeb, No. 608, Phil- adelphia.

      Charles M. Swain

      Montsomery.'No. 19, PhlladelphiA.

      John L. Kinsst . .

      PhUo, No. ii4, PhilAdelphlA.

      George A. Howe . .

      Franklin, No. 2ZU Pittaboivh.

      McClunsy Badclippe

      Potter. No. 441, Philadelphia.

      George B. Wells . .

      Washington, No. 69, Philadelphia.

      BoBERT J. Linden . .

      Solomon's, No. 114, Philadelphia.

      J. Henry Williams .

      Washington, No. 69, Philadelphia.

      Howard March . .

      Wm. B. Schnlder, No. 419. Phila- delphia.

      Frederick Anne . .

      Lodge No. 2, Philadelphia.

      Samuel Hall Day .

      Harmony, No. 62, Philadelphia.

      John Peter MacBean

      Washington, No. 69, Philadelphia.

      Daniel W. Hutchin .

      Phoenix, No. 180, Philadelphia.

      William A. Bhoads .

      Wm. B. Schnlder, No. 419, Phila- delphia.

      A. Howard Thomas .

      UniyetBity, No. 610, Philadelphia

      Grand Chaplains.

      Senior Grand Deacon.

      Junior Grand Deacon.

      Grand Stewards.

      Grand Marshal.

      Grand Sword Bearer. Grand Pursuivant.

      Grand Tyler.

      . Assistant Grand Tylers.

      64

      Zbc Celebtation

      Bro. John 8. Stevens . .

      RheklTifth, Na 24S. FhllAdelpbiA.

      Stockton Bates . . .

      Meridian San, No. IM, Fbiladel-

      plllA.

      John B. Fanshawx . .

      latcheU, No. 298» Philadelphia.

      BusHBOD W. Jakes .

      Ferldna, No. 402, Philadelphia.

      Sahxtel C. Perkins . .

      B. w. p. o. M.

      OoliimUla, No. 01, Philadelphia.

      John L. Thomson . . .

      Lodse Na 51, Philadelphia.

      Alexandbb H. Mobqan .

      Montgomery, Na 19, Philadel- phia.

      George MoCurdt . . .

      WlUlameon, No. 899, Philadelphia.

      Michael Arnold . . .

      R. W. p. G. M.

      Rifling Star, No. 126, Philadelphia.

      ^^^ •

      William J. Kelly . .

      R. W. p. G. M. Washington, Na 60, Philadelphia,

      Peter Boyd

      Corinthian, No. 868, Philadelphia.

      James M. Lamberton

      Penereranoe, No. 21, Hanislmig.

      Edmund D. Scholet . .

      Riling Star, No. 126» Philadelphia.

      George S. Graham . .

      Harmony, Na 62, Philadelphia.

      Stephen Greene . . .

      Covenant, Na 466, Philadelphia.

      S. Kingston McCay . .

      Philadelphia, Na 72, Philadel- phia.

      George W. Spiese . . .

      Stephen Gbaid, No. 460, Philadel- phia.

      Trustees of the Grand* Lodge Charity Fond.

      Trustees of the Girard Bequest.

      Trustees of the Thomas B. Fatten Memorial Charity Fund.

      Trustees of the Title to the Masonic Temple and Other Beal Estate of the Grand Lodge.

      66

      Vna0bin0ton SesquiKcntenntal Hnnivec9ar«

      c<

      ((

      ((

      C(

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      ((

      ((

      ((

      «

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      ti

      Bro. Hbnbt Z. Zibolbb . .

      RIehiwHWl, No. 280, PhlladelidkiA.

      Saxuxl W. Wrat . .

      Union, No. 121, FhllMlelpbiA.

      Thsodo&s E. Wrdkr-

      SoBIjI • • •

      Lodse No. 51, Philadelphia.

      Gbobob W. Hall . .

      Union, No. 121, Philadelphia.

      Habbt W. Smith . .

      St PanlX No. 481, Philadelphia.

      Matthdls H. Hbndkrson ^

      H. W P O Iff Lodge of the Cimft, Na 488, New Oaafle.

      Samuu B. Dick . .

      R. W. P. O. Iff Lodge No. 408, MeadTllle.

      Hbnrt M: Deohbrt .

      Hamilton, No. 274, Philadelphia.

      Atwood Smith . . .

      Union, Na 121, Philadelphia.

      Daniel Baird, Jr.

      Melita, No. 295, Philadelphia.

      Samuel C. Perkins .

      R. w. p. G. M Oolmnhia, No. 91, Philadelphia.

      Samuel B. Dick . .

      R. w. P. o. M Lodge No. 408. Meadvllle.

      Conrad B. Dat . .

      R. w. p. a. M

      Hannony, No. 62, PhUadelphia.

      Michael Arnold . .

      R. W. P. G. M Riling star. No. 126, Philadelphia.

      Matthias H. Henderson

      R. w. p. G. M Lodge of the Graft, No. 488. New Cattle.

      William J. Kelly

      R. W. p. G. M Washington, No. 69, Philadelphia.

      George E. Wagner .

      R. w. p. G. M Hannony, No. 62, Philadelphia, together with

      Edgar A. Tennis . .

      R. w. G. M

      Lamherton, No. 871, Thompson town, and

      James W, Brown . .

      R. W. D. G. M

      Hailman, No. 821, Pittibaigh.

      Trustees of the Stephen Tay- lor Bequest.

      Commissioners of the Sinking Fund.

      Committee on Landmarics.

      Zbc Celebration

      Bro.

      «

      ((

      u

      u

      u

      u

      u

      u

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      ((

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      tl

      William B. Hacksnbubo

      BiHtklnifch, No. aM, FhiUidelpfala.

      William B. Hanna .

      WMhlngton. No. M, PhiladelphlA.

      George W. Guthrie .

      Franklin, No. 221, FltMraigh.

      James H. Codding

      Union, No. 108, Towanda.

      Abraham M. Beitler

      iTanhoe, No. 449, Philadelphia.

      Conrad B. Day . .

      R. w. p. a. m

      Hannony, Na 53, Philadelphia.

      AZARIAH W. HOOPES . Hannony, Na 62, Philadelphia.

      Ezra S. Bartlett . .

      Wm. 0. Hamilton, No. MO, Phila- delphia.

      Max BlEBENAGlES . . .

      Meridian Son, No. 168, Philadel- phia.

      Frank M. Highlet . .

      Perkins, No. 402, Philadelphia.

      Michael Arnold . . .

      R. w. p. o. M.

      Rising Btar, No. 126, Philadelphia.

      James M. Lambsrton .

      Peneyeranoe, Na 21, Harriaboiv.

      William "S, Seibert . .

      Adams, Na 819, New Bloomfield.

      Owen M. Copelin . . .

      Robert Bums, No. 464, Harriabuig.

      Charles Cart ....

      Corinthian, No. 868, Philadelphia.

      Jambs S. Barber . . .

      Perkins, No. 402, Philadelphia.

      James W. R. Washington

      Richmond, No. 280, Philadelphia.

      Stlyester S. Garwood .

      SheUnah, No. 246, Philadelphia.

      " Committee on Appeals.

      ' Committee on Finance.

      Committee on Correspondence.

      ^ Committee on By-Laws.

      67

      liOlasbindton SesQui^centennial Hnnivereain?

      Bro. M. BiOHARBS Muokl£

      Hennum, Na 126, Philadelphia.

      " William H. Bellows

      Fhno, No. 444, FhilAdelphia.

      41

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      T. Parlington Buokwal-

      ^t jSJ» •••••••

      Stiohter, No. 25i, P ot te lown.

      WiLLIAH D. McElBOY . St. John'a. Na 219, HttBhoigh.

      ^ Committee on Printing and Pnblisbing.

      " Alton G. Scholl . . .

      Lftmberton, Na 871, Thompson- town.

      William J. Kblly . .

      B. w. p. G. M. Widkington, No. 60, Philadelphia.

      HiBBBRT P. John . . .

      Wllliamaon, No. 369, Philadelphia.

      James B. Duppt . . .

      Badiant Star, No. (XXt, Philadel- phia.

      6. Ellwood Waonbr

      Hannony, Na 62, Philadelphia.

      Z. Taylor Bigkabds .

      Oriental, No. 886, Philadelphia.

      Committee on Temple.

      " Louis Wagner . . .

      Hannony, No. 62, Philadelphia.

      " George W. Hall . . .

      Eentington, No. 211, Philadelphia.

      " I. Layton Eegister . .

      Lodge No. 61, Philadelphia.

      t "V

      Thomas S. Stout . .

      Philo, No. 4M, Philadelphia.

      Gilbert L. Lentz

      St John's, No. 115, Philadelphia.

      Arno Leonhardt . .

      Apollo, No. 886, Philadelphia.

      *• Committee on Library.

      68

      Zbe Celebration

      Bto. Amos H. Hall . . . .

      Washington, No. 60, FhiladelphSa.

      BaKOLAY J. WOODWA&D .

      BMlem Star, No. 186, PhUadelphia.

      Samuxl H. Bhoads . .

      Lodg» Na 2, Philadelphia.

      Edgab a. Tennis . . .

      R. W. G. M. LamhettoD, No. 871, Thompaon- town.

      Jaicbs W. Brown . . .

      B. W. D. G. M. Hallman, No. 821, Plttabnigh.

      George W. Kendriok, Jr.

      R. W. 8. G. W. Waahington, No. 60, Philadelphia.

      George B. Orladt . .

      R. W. J. G. W. Mount Moriah, Na 800, Hunting- don.

      Thomas E. Patton . .

      R. W. G. T. Union, No. 121, Philadelphia.

      WILLLA.M A. Sinn . . .

      R. W. Q. 8. Montgomery, No. 10, FhlladelphiA.

      Conrad B. Day . . .

      R. w. p. G. M. Harmony No. 62, Philadelphia.

      William J. Kelly . .

      R. w. p. G. m. Waahington, No. 60, Philadelphia.

      George E. Wagner . .

      R. W. p. G. M.

      Harmony, No. 62, Philadelphia.

      James M. Lamberton

      FeiBeYerance, No. 21, Hanlahaig.

      George D. Moore . . .

      Lodge No. 106, Williamsport

      William J. Diehl . .

      Hallman, No. 821, Pittihnzgh.

      f President of the Almoners of the Grand Lodge Charity Fund. C President of the Stewards of -j the Stephen Girard Charity (. Fund.

      C President of the Bursars of the ■j Thomas B. Patton Memorial ( Charity Fund.

      Special Committee on Wash- ington Sesqui-centennial An- niversaxy.

      69

      miaebindton 9e0Qtti<

      Bro. Edqaa a. Tennis . . .

      B. w. G. M. Lunbarton, No. 171, Tlumipson- town.

      i<

      «

      ((

      ((

      «

      ({

      ((

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      ((

      ((

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      ((

      ((

      ((

      William J. Ksllt . .

      B. w. p. o. M.

      WMhlngton, No. M. PhUadelphla.

      Jamss H. Lambkbton

      Peneyennoe, No. 21, HarrislMuv.

      William B. Josltn . .

      HunUton, No. 374, FhiladelphlA.

      Thomas W. Aybbs . . .

      Lodge No. 2, Philadelpbia.

      Daniel J. Bishop . . .

      Lodge No. 8, PbllAdelphlft.

      Samuel Lauohlin. . .

      Lodge No. 8, PhilAdelphlft.

      I. Bobsbts Newkibk . .

      Blglng Star, No. 126, Pliiladelphlft.

      Fbank C. Fbioe . . .

      Oriental, Na 886, PblladelphU.

      Julius E. Blambebo . .

      Wm. B. Schnlder, No. 419, Philft- delphia.

      William H. Bbehm . .

      Monrt, No. 486, Philadelphia.

      William Diok ....

      Potter, No. 441, Philadelphia.

      Gabl a. Sundstbom . .

      Equity, No. &91, Philadelphia.

      Alexandeb J. H. Maoeie

      Badiant Star, No. 606, Philadel- phia.

      Walteb D. Gbeen . .

      Unirenity, No. 610, Philadelphia.

      Special Committee to inrite the President of the United States and the Grovemor of Pennsylvania.

      Special Committee on nation.

      The following Brethren, members of and visitors to Grand Lodge, representing three hundred and forty- one Lodges, were present, the name of the Brother

      70

      ZtK Celebration

      specially selected to represent each Lodge at this cele- bration being placed first and marked with an aster- isk, and the Past Masters being arranged according to seniority :

      ^

      ^

      * Bro. William H. Shobmakxr, P.M., Lodge No. 2, Philadelphia.

      Hbnby J. McCaatht, P.M., Lodge No. 2, Philadelphia.

      NoBRis S. Barratt, P.m., Lodge No. 2, Philadelphia.

      Daniel J. Bishop, W.M., Lodge No. 3, Philadelphia.

      J. Ha&rt Hughes, P.M., Lodge No. 9, Philadelphia.

      Milton B. Mishet, W.M., Montgomery, No. 19, Phila- delphia.

      John K. Botal, W.M., Perseverance, No. 21, Harrisburg.

      Spenoeb C. Gilbert, P.M., Perseverance, No. 21, Harris- burg.

      William H. Saeoer, P.M., Lodge No. 22, Sunbury.

      Stanford K. Bunton, W.M., Bristol, No. 25, Bristol.

      William H. Keller, W.M., Lodge No. 43, Lancaster.

      B. Oram Ltte, P.M., Lodge No. 43, Lancaster.

      John C. Harper, P.M., Lodge No. 45, Pittsburgh.

      Bmanuel Herrmann, W.M., Lodge No. 51, Philadelphia.

      George Herzog, Lodge No. 51, Philadelphia.

      B. Norman Tuttle, W.M., Harmony, No. 52, Philadel{)hia.

      BoBERT W. Fagan, P.M., Harmony, No. 52, Philadelphia.

      Louis M. Wagner, P.M., Harmony, No. 52, Philadelphia.

      Martin H. Dat, Harmony, No. 52, Philadelphia.

      William L. Elkins, Harmony, No. 52, Philadelphia.

      William B. Beed, P.M., Washington, No. 59, Philadelphia.

      Thomas MoGonnell, Jr., P.M., Washington, No. 59, Phila- delphia.

      William A. Joseph, Washington, No. 59, Philadelphia.

      Samuel W. Penntpacker, Washington, No. 59, Philadel- phia.

      Harold N. Bust, P.M., Lodge No. 61, Wilkes-Barre.

      John E. Clouser, W.M., Lodge No. 62, Beading.

      William F. Scheuing, W.M., Concordia, No. 67, Philadel- phia.

      Edward M. Cowell, P.M., Bural Amity, No. 70, Athens.

      71

      ^

      ^

      ^

      UXOaebfttdton Seequi^centennial Bnnivereain?

      * Bro. Fbank J. Pbyoe, P.M., La Payette, No. 71, Philadelphia.

      " William H. Horqan, P.M., La Fayette, No. 71, Phila- delphia. "•" << BoBSBT B. Henszsy, P.m., Philadelphia, No. 72, Philadel- phia.

      '< Jakes W. Latta, P.M., Philadelphia, No. 72, Philadelphia.

      * <' Addison S. Yandsbslioe, P.M., Phoenix, No. 75, Phoenix-

      ville.

      * '< Willlui G. Maoris, P.M., Hiram, No. 81, Philadelphia.

      * " J. Warner Hutohins, P.M., Colnmbia, No. 91, Philadel-

      phia.

      '' Julius F. Saghse, J.W., Columbia, No. 91, Philadelphia.

      '^ Charles D. Sell, Columbia, No. 91, Philadelphia.

      <' Herman Wischman, Columbia, No. 91, Philadelphia.

      * " John P. Subss, P.M., Lodge No. 106, Williamsport. " Frank C. MoKee, P.M., Union, No. 108, Towanda.

      * « EoBERT W. VoGT, W.M., Solomon's, No. 114, Philadelphia.

      * " J. Sellers Kite, P.M., St. John*s, No. 115, Philadelphia.

      * « Thomas E. Patton, Jr., W.M., Union, No. 121, Philadel-

      phia. << William W. Allen, P.M., Union, No. 121, Philadelphia.

      * " Albert C. Woerwao, W.M., Hermann, No. 125, Phila-

      delphia.

      * " I. Roberts Nbwkirk, W.M., Eising Star, No. 126, Phila-

      delphia.

      " Charles Emory Smith, Eising Star, No. 126, Philadel- phia.

      " John Weaver, Eising Star, No. 126, Philadelphia.

      * " I. Newton Eoberts, W.M., Phoenix, No. 130, Philadelphia.

      * « E. Hamill D. Swing, W.M., Industry, No. 131, Philadel-

      phia.

      * « Wilbur F. Litoh, P.M., Franklin, No. 134, Philadelphia. " Jacob W. Jackson, P.M., Franklin, No. 134, Philadelphia. « Dayu> J. Myers, P.M., Franklin, No. 134, Philadelphia.

      * " William T. Westerman, W.M., Eoxborough, No. 136,

      Philadelphia.

      * " Heister S. Albright, P.M., Schuylkill, No. 138, Orwigs-

      burg.

      * " John F. Kirby, W.M., George Washington, No. 143,

      Chambersburg.

      72

      Zbc Celebration

      Bro. W. Bush Gillan, F.M., George Washington, No. 143, Chambersbnrg. << L. Bert Btstbb, George Washington, No. 143, Chambers- burg. "^ <' William M. Simple, P.M., Easton, No. 152, Baston.

      * " William Hodqbs, P.M., Mount Moriah, No. 166, Phila-

      delphia. " Cha&lss W. Letsoh, Mount Moriah, No. 166, Philadelphia.

      * « Amos Gilbert, W.M., Washington, No. 166, Quanyyille.

      * « Walter Eyan, W.M., Meridian Sun, No. 158, Philadelphia. " Thomas B. Neblbt, Meridian Sun, No. 158, Philadelphia.

      * " BiOHARB L. Beyan, P.M., Erergreen, No. 163, Monroeton.

      * « Jambs W. McDowell, P.M., Washington, No. 164, Wash-

      ington.

      * " Charles W. Boger, W.M., Eastern Star, No. 186, Phila-

      delphia.

      * « Joseph E. Walker, W.M., Integrity, No. 187, Philadel-

      phia. " John O'Donnel, P.M., Integrity, No. 187, Philadelphia.

      * " Matthias L. March, W.M., Charity, No. 190, Norristown. " Iryino p. Wanoer, P.M., Charity, No. 190, Norristown. " Wilmer M. Bean, Charity, No. 190, Norristown.

      * " PiSK GooBYBAR, W.M., Cumberland Star, No. 197, Carlisle.

      * " William Baqnall, P.M., Lewistown, No. 203, Lewistown. " Harry M. Van Zanixt, P.M., Lewistown, No. 203, Lewis- town.

      * " Mathias Sedbinoer, P.m., Kensington, No. 211, Phila-

      delphia. *' Henrt Einwbohtbr, P.m., Kensington, No. 211, Phila- delphia.

      * « WiLLLAM D. Pollard, P.M., Pulaski, No. 216, Pottsville.

      * " WiLLL^ D. MoIlroy, P.M., St. John*s, No. 219, Pitts-

      burgh. « Jambs B. Toungson, P.M., St. John's, No. 219, Pittsburgh.

      * " George W. Guthrie, P.M., Franklin, No. 221, Pittsburgh. ^ '< Henry Hammer, P.M., Minersville, No. 222, Minersville.

      * « Thomas Ward, P.M., Allegheny, No. 223, Allegheny.

      * " Charles Chalfant, W.M., Danville, No. 224, Danville.

      * « EiOHARD T. Hughs, S.W., Philanthropy, No. 225, Greens-

      burg.

      73

      TROaebindton SeflQui^centennial Hnniverean?

      *Bro. Charles Y. Henrt, F.M., Mount Lebanon, No. 226, Lebanon.

      * " Sydenham E. Anoona, P.M., Chandler, No. 227, Beading. ^ " John E. Nelson, P.M., Eoohester, No. 229, Bochester.

      "^ '' Louis Weber, P.M., Bichmond, No. 230, Philadelphia.

      * " John Thoma, P.M., Solomon's, No. 231, Pittsburgh.

      "•" " Hamilton B. Humes, P.M., La Belle Yall^, No. 232,

      Jersey Shore.

      "^ " Abraham B. Markus, P.M., St. John's, No. 233, Pittston.

      ^ " Edward Nothnaole, W.M., Chester, No. 236, Chester.

      ^ << Isaac M. Davies, P.M., Tamaqua, No. 238, Tamaqua.

      "^ " Charles E. Clark, P.M., Carbon, No. 242, Mauch Chunk.

      * " Louis N. Crawford, P.M., Mahoning, No. 243, New

      Castle.

      * " Thomas N. MoEee, W.M., Eittanning, No. 244, Eittan-

      ning.

      * '* Louis Weinrebe, P.M., Doylestown, No. 245, Doyles-

      town.

      * " William H. Maneely, P.M., Shekinah, No. 246, Phila-

      delphia. " B. Frank Boter, P.M., Shekinah, No. 246, Philadelphia. " Herman D. Cotter, Shekinah, No. 246, Philadelphia.

      * " J. Miller Clark, P.M., Friendship, No. 247, Mansfield.

      * « James W. Plitt, P.M., Temple, No. 248, Tunkhannook.

      * " Joseph A. MoEee, W.M., Gummert, No. 262, Fayette

      City.

      * '< Marshall MoClain, P.M., Washington, No. 253, Pitts-

      burgh.

      * " William Auohenbach, P.M., Stichter, No. 254, Potts-

      town. <* John B. Brooke, Stichter, No. 254, Pottstown.

      * '* William A. Bichardson, P.M., Shamokin, No. 255, Sha-

      mokin.

      * << James H. Smith, P.M., Milton, No. 256, Idilton.

      '^ James M. Hedenberg, P.M., Milton, No. 256, Milton.

      * " Gborqe B. Beitsch, W.M., Union, No. 259, New Brighton.

      * " John M. Bhey, W.M., St. John's, No. 260, Carlisle.

      * " Thomas S. Morgan, P.M., Hiram, No. 261, Scranton.

      * " Thomas D. White, W.M., Orrstown, No. 262, Orrstown.

      * " Frank H. Jarvis, W.M., Franklin, No. 263, Laceyville.

      74

      Zbc Celebration

      *Bro. EuGXNS F. Cabfbiitbb, W.M., WashiDgton, No. 265, Bloomsbnrg.

      * " Albxandkb B. McLean, P.M., York, No. 266, York.

      * " William B. Moody, P.M., Swatara, No. 267, Tremont.

      * '' Jbsss T. Chxrrt, W.M., Bellefonte, No. 266, Bellefonte.

      * " Jx&BMiAH Klins, P.M., Page, No. 270, Schuylkill Haven.

      * « Habbt S. Wright, W.M., Keystone, No. 271, Philadel-

      phia. '^ George W. Bkingb, P.M., Keystone, No. 271, Philadel- phia.

      * " Horatio L. Yocum, W.M., Cassia, No. 273, Ardmore.

      * " Benjamin Eiseman, P.M., Hamilton, No. 274, Philadel-

      phia.

      * " Joseph D. Houston, P.M., Loyalhanna, No. 275, Latrobe.

      * " William T. Colliver, P.M., Cambria, No. 278, Johnstown.

      * << Benjamin F. Irving, P.M., Mountain, No. 281, Altoona.

      * " Jonathan T. Leet, P.M., Juniata, No. 282, HoUidays-

      burg.

      * " John M. Hsrbig, P.M., Bethlehem, No. 283, Bethlehem.

      * " George P. Stem, W.M., Porter, No. 284, Catasauqua.

      * " Clay W. Bvans, P.M., Anthracite, No. 285, St. Clair.

      ^ " Albert A. Snavbly, W.M., Columbia, No. 286, Columbia.

      * " William B. Lang, W.M., Milnor, No. 287, Pittsburgh.

      * ^* Henry Gerwig, P.M., Jefferson, No. 288, Allegheny.

      * '' Samttel J. Bredin, P.M., Orient, No. 289, Philadelphia.

      * " Frederick B. Sykes, W.M., Union, No. 291, Scranton.

      *^ Bdwarb p. Kingsbury, P.M., Union, No. 291, Scranton.

      * " William Pendlebury, PM., Frankford, No. 292, Phila-

      delphia. " James Booles, P.M., Frankford, No. 292, Philadelphia. " Frank Geyer, Frankford, No. 292, Philadelphia.

      * *' Harry J. Buck, P.M., Ashland, No. 294, Ashland.

      " Bmil C. Wagner, P.M., Ashland, No. 294, Ashland.

      * " Samuel M. Clement, P.M., Melita, No. 295, Philadelphia. " Charles B. Meyer, P.M., Melita, No. 295, Philadelphia.

      * " Blias M. Firth, P.M., Mitchell, No. 296, Philadelphia.

      * " John Holleran, P.M., Chartiers, No. 297, Cannonsburg.

      * " Andrew G. Criswell Smith, P.M., George W. Bartram,

      No. 298, Media.

      * " WiLLLAM B. ScHNEE, W.M., Muucy, No. 299, Muncy.

      75

      4c

      TROaebindton Sesaui^centennial Hnnivereain?

      'I'Bro. JosiAH C. Hall, P.M., Mount Moriah, No. 300, Hunting- don.

      Mabtin L. Shaitnsb, P.M., Mount Moriah, No. 300, Huntingdon.

      BoBERT H. Thomas, P.M., Eureka, No. 302, Meohanics- burg.

      Lawbenok M. Atbunson, S.W., Hawley, No. 305, Hawley.

      Danisl Flbisheb, P.M., Trojan, No. 306, Troy.

      John M. Sohonoub, P.M., Williamson, No. 307, Womels- dorf.

      John P. S. Gobin, P.M., Williamson, No. 307, Womelsdorf.

      Milton Nbwbbbbt, P.M., Fort Washington, No. 308, Fort Washington.

      Jebemiah T. Gabpenteb, P.M., Williamson, No. 309, Downingtown.

      Lbyis Boyxb, P.M., Warren, No. 310, Trappe.

      Bebt Hauohwout, P.m., Portland, No. 311, Portland.

      Alpheus B. Clabk, P.M., Summit, No. 312, Ebensburg.

      Habbt White, P.M., Indiana, No. 313, Indiana.

      Levis K. MoCullough, P.M., Clearfield, No. 314, Clear- field.

      Geoboe B. Cole, P.M., Cumberland Valley, No. 315, Ship- pensburg.

      Chablbs M. Johnstone, P.M., McKinley, No. 318, Alle- gheny.

      Chables H. Smiley, P.M., Adams, No. 319, New Bloom- field.

      EnwABB B. Sponsleb, P.M., Adams, No. 319, New Bloom- field.

      John H. Jobdan, P.M., Bedford, No. 320, Bedford.

      James H. Habbison, P.M., Hailman, No. 321, Pittsburgh.

      CuBTis H. Hannum, P.M., West Chester, No. 322, West Chester.

      Geoboe B. MoCobmiok, West Chester, No. 322, West Chester.

      Thomas F. Penman, P.M., Peter Williamson, No. 323, Scranton.

      William Hebtzleb, W.M., Union, No. 324, Mifflintown.

      Chables D. Bbobhead, P.M., Barger, No. 325, Strouds- burg.

      76

      *

      ^

      Zbc Celebration

      *

      *

      *

      *

      *

      *Bto. Howard L. Hertzoo, P.M., Lehigh, No. 326, Trexler- town.

      Hiram P. Kitntz, P.M., Hazle, No. 327, H!azleton.

      Alya S. Ketss, P.M., Salem, No. 330, Hamlinton.

      Samxtsl L. French, P.M., Plymouth, No. 332, Plymouth.

      BusssL A. Thayer, P.M., Barger, No. 333, Allentown.

      Ambrose D. Sloan, P.M., TTnion, No. 334, Bradford.

      Frank B. Slifer, W.M., Eureka, No. 335, MontourBville.

      George M. Walter, P.M., Good Samaritan, No. 336, Gettysburg. « John P. Norman, P.M., Henry M. PhilUps, No. 337, Mo-

      nongahela. « Frederic C. Pay, W.M., Great Bend, No. 338, Great

      Bend. " Frederick W. Mason, P.M., Hyde Park, No. 339, Scran- ton.

      Albert H. Thomas, P.M., Thomson, No. 340, Green Tree.

      John H. Bobertson, W.M., Eulalia, No. 342, Coudersport.

      David Light, P.M., Skerrett, No. 343, CochranviQe.

      Abraham D. Brown, P.M., Milford, No. 344, Milford.

      ISADORE Goodman, P.M., Schiller, No. 345, Scranton.

      John A. Mbtzger, P.M., Patmos, No. 348, Hanover.

      James A. Guie, W.M., Catawissa, No. 349, Catawissa.

      Edward M. Haley, P.M., Bloss, No. 350, Blossburg.

      Andrew B. Hitchcock, P.M., Cowanesque, No. 351, Knox- ville.

      * " John N. Shanafelt, P.M., Lucius H. Scott, No. 352,

      Chester.

      * " Howard B. Gibson, W.M., Oxford, No. 353, Oxford.

      * " Joseph Wandel, P.M., Sylvania, No. 354, Shickshinny.

      * " George W. Davis, P.M., Acacia, No. 355, BlairsviUe.

      * " Thomas L. Thomas, P.M., Mahanoy City, No. 357, Maha-

      noy City.

      * " Calvin F. Gephart, W.M., Somerset, No. 358, Somerset.

      * " Adolph Eichholz, P.M., Humholdt, No. 359, Philadelphia.

      * " BoBERT H. SoLLENBEROER, P.M., Big Spring, No. 361,

      Newville.

      * " John B. Seal, P.M., Susquehanna, No. 364, Millersburg. *^ " Charles E. B. Hunter, P.M., Eureka, No. 366, Union

      City.

      77

      *

      *

      *

      *

      *

      *

      *

      miaebinoton Sesaui^centennial Hnniverear^

      4e 9|e

      * Bro. Jaoob Nolde, P.M., Teatonia, No. 367, Beading.

      J. Fredkbick Hartmann, W.M., Corinthian, No. 368, Philadelphia.

      Edwabd B. Spbncbr, P.M., Corinthian, No. 368, Phila- delphia.

      Frank E. Townsend, P.M., Williamson, No. 369, Phila- delphia.

      Jahes Jardbn, Jr., S.W., Williamson, No. 369, Phila- delphia.

      Lewis Dixon, Williamson, No. 369, Philadelphia.

      Henry Y. Masset, Williamson, No. 369, Philadelphia.

      James J. Springer, Williamson, No. 369, Philadelphia.

      Harrt B. Young, P.M., Mifflinburg^No. 370, Mifflinbarg.

      W. Herbert M. Thompson, W.M., Lamberton, No. 371, Thompsontown.

      IsAAO N. Grubb, P.M., Lamberton, No. 371, Thompson- town.

      George S. Hibbs, P.M., Lamberton, No. 371, Thompson- town.

      William S. Boe, P.M., Davage, No. 374, Allegheny.

      Harry Etheridge, P.M., Alliqaippa, No. 375, McKeesport.

      Charles M. Johnson, P.M., McYeytown, No. 376, McYey- town.

      C. Penrose Dull, P.M., McYeytown, No. 376, McYey- town.

      James H. Marx, P.M., Huguenot, No. 377, Kutztown.

      Daniel M. Lehman, P.M., Mt. Carmel, No. 378, Mt. Carmel.

      Joseph S. MoCreight, P.M., Elk, No. 379, Bidgway.

      Samuel D. Hawlet, P.M., Pennsylvania, No. 380, Phila- delphia.

      Owen Roberts, Pennsylvania, No. 380, Philadelphia.

      John S. Bby, W.M., Newport, No. 381, Newport.

      David H. Spotts, P.M., Newport, No. 381, Newport.

      George G. Myer, P.M., Goddard, No. 383, Coatesville.

      Ellis H. Doan, P.M., Goddard, No. 383, Coatesville.

      Morris E. Shields, Goddard, No. 383, Coatesville.

      W. A. Park Thompson, Goddard, No. 383, Coatesville.

      Charles Peters, P.M., Bichard Yaux, No. 384, Philadel- phia.

      78

      4e

      4e

      *

      *

      Zbc (Telebration

      * Bro. Cha&us K. Bibohsr, P.M., Oriental, No. 385, Philadel-

      phia. « Gbobqb Long, Oriental, No. 385, Philadelphia.

      * *' J. Clark Moobi, Jr., W.M., Apollo, No. 386, Philadelphia. << J. Hampton Moorx, Apollo, No. 386, Philadelphia.

      * " William F. Spbcht, P.M:., McKean, No. 388, Smethport.

      * " Joseph E. Lewis, P.M., McCandless, No. 390, Pittsburgh. ^ << William H. Denlinger, P.M., Moshannon, No. 391, Phil-

      ipsbnrg.

      * " Wallace R. Hunter, P Ji., Perry, No. 392, Brie. " Frank McSparren, P.M., Perry, No. 392, Brie.

      * << Charles Crane, Jr., P.M., Yanx, No. 393, Philadelphia.

      * " William J. Parry, W.M., Eongston, No. 395, Kingston.

      * <' WiLLLAM S. Semple, P.M., Dallas, No. 396, Baston.

      ^ " Adolph Nibmster, P.M., Ivy, No. 397, Williamsport. "^ '' Samuel C. May, W.M., Ashara, No. 398, Marietta,

      * " Alfred C. Heritage, W Ji., Friendship, No. 400, Jenkin-

      town. " John Wanamaker, Friendship, No. 400, Jenkintown.

      * " William Fieli) Shay, P.M., Watsontown, No. 401, Wat-

      sontown.

      * << Levi B. MoClees, P.M., Perkins, No. 402, Philadelphia.

      <* Frederick Munch, P.M., Perkins, No. 402, Philadelphia.

      * " J. Bdgar Holt, P.M., Bureka, No. 404, Northumberland.

      * <' S. Marplb Lemmon, P.M., Howell, No. 405, Honeybrook.

      * " William F. Burkey, P.M., Vaux, No. 406, Hamburg.

      * " Charles P. McCurdy, P.M., Lodge No. 408, Meadville.

      * " Bdwin L. Lloyd, W.M., W. K. Bray, No. 410, Hatboro.

      * '' Jacob S. Meyers, P.M., Manoquesy, No. 413, Bath.

      * " James W. Shannon, P.M., Blysburg, No. 414, Blysburg.

      * '< Charles B. Biogs, P.M., Canton, No. 415, Canton.

      * " James W. Aikin, P.M., Christiana, No. 417, Christiana.

      * " Henry J. Gideon, W.M., Wm. B. Schnider, No. 419, Phil-

      adelphia.

      " James T. G. Hand, Wm. B. Schnider, No. 419, Philadel- phia.

      " Franklin Wobensmith, Wm. B. Schnider, No. 419, Phila- delphia.

      * << Samuel G. Smyth, W.M., Fritz, No. 420, Conshohocken.

      * " Paul J. Bdwards, W.M., Osceola, No. 421, Osceola.

      79

      Tnia0bindton Seeauii^centennUil Bnnii^raans

      u

      * Bro. Ott&tis W. 8. Msbkls, P.M., CresBona, No. 426, CreBSona.

      * " Winder Yanartsdalen, W.M., Newtown, No. 427, New-

      town.

      * ^< John A. Gelbach, P.M., Harmony, No. 429, Zelienople.

      * " Jesse K. Ssright, P.M., Stackratb, No. 430, Allegheny.

      * " Franklin P. Mason, P.M., Lodge No. 432, Philadelphia.

      * " John C. Wallace, P.M., Lodge of the Craft, No. 433,

      New Castle.

      * " James H. Benninqer, P.M., St. John's, No. 436, Beading.

      * " William H. Brbhm, W.M., Mozart, No. 436, Philadelphia. Harrt C. Wilt, P.M., Mozart, No. 436, Philadelphia. Alfred K. Gregory, P.M., Mozart, No. 436, Philadelphia. M. Harmtcr Brooks, P.M., Mozart, No. 436, Philadelphia. Henrt Fehlinq, Mozart, No. 436, Philadelphia. George Ford, Mozart, No. 436, Philadelphia. James N. Knipe, Mozart, No. 436, Philadelphia.

      * « Harry G. Kinter, P.M., Apollo, No. 437, Apollo.

      * << Moses Shields, Jr., P.M., Nicholson, No. 438, Nicholson.

      * " David MoKenna, P.M., Slatington, No. 440, Slatington.

      * " WiLLDiM J. MiLLiGAN, P.M., Pottcr, No. 441, Philadel-

      phia.

      George J. Yandegrift, P.M., Potter, No. 441, Philadel- phia.

      John H. Lofland, Potter, No. 441, Philadelphia.

      William W. Matos, Potter, No. 441, Philadelphia.

      BussELL £. Andreas, W.M., Landmark, No. 442, Wilkes- Barre.

      George W. Atherton, P.M., Moont Pisgah, No. 443, Green Castle.

      John M. Walton, S.W., Philo, No. 444, Philadelphia.

      J. Lee Patton, P.M., Philo, No. 444, Philadelphia.

      George P. Bupp, Philo, No. 444, Philadelphia.

      Henry A. Jenks, P.M., Mount Pickering, No. 446, Upper XJwchlan.

      * " TEmoDORE M. Stinb, P.M., Claysville, No. 447, Claysville.

      * « William H. Wilson, P.M., Ivanhoe, No. 449, Philadel-

      phia. George A. Lindsay, Ivanhoe, No. 449, Philadelphia. J. Franklin Moss, Ivanhoe, No. 449, Philadelphia. Edgar A. Murphy, Ivanhoe, No. 449, Philadelphia.

      80

      cc

      (( i< a

      it

      u

      u

      u

      u

      it u

      u

      Zbc (Telebration

      Bro. Howard M. Mubpht, lyanhoe, No. 449, Philadelphia. << GiOROS W. SoouLER, Ivaiihoe, No. 449, Philadelphia.

      * '« BoBSRT Brown, W.M., Stephen Girard, No. 450, Phila-

      delphia.

      * '* John F. KissiNaxR, P.M., Zeredatha, No. 461, York.

      * << John K. Keen, P JI., Welcome, No. 453, Philadelphia.

      <* BoBBRT H. FosRDSRSR, Welcomo, No. 453, Philadelphia. '' GsoROB Kbsslbr, Welcome, No. 453, Philadelphia.

      * " John C. Soott, P.M., Bichard Vaux, No. 464, Burgetts-

      town.

      * '* Charles Cohn, W.M., Covenant, No. 456, Philadelphia.

      '* William McCoaoh, P.M., Covenant, No. 456, Philadel- phia. *< Jakeb Y. Glisson, Covenant, No. 456, Philadelphia.

      * " Lawrence G. Singleton, W.M., St. James, No. 467,

      Beaver.

      * " Harry D. Beutter, W.M., Perry, No. 458, Marysville.

      * " Jacob B. Shawmon, P.M., Valley, No. 459, Masontown.

      * " Charles L. Brevard, P.H., Monongahela Valley, No.

      461, Coal Centre.

      * << J. Simpson Kline, P.M., Knapp, No. 462, Berwick.

      * " Lewis B. Beitler, W.M., Bobert Burns, No. 464, Harris-

      burg. " William M. Donaldson, P.M., Bobert Burns, No. 464, Hanisburg.

      * " Fbrdinand Hesse, J.W., Hebron, No. 465, New Oxford.

      * '' Elmer J. Barthold, P.M., Kingsbury, No. 466, Olyphant.

      * " George W. Motbr, P.M., Laurel, No. 467, White Haven.

      * " Jacob I. Shoemaker, P.M., Wyoming, No. 468, Wyoming.

      * " William Cope, P.M., Palestine, No. 470, Philadelphia.

      * " Horace W. Gage, P.M., Le Bay, No. 471, Le Baysville.

      * '< Jesse J. Bounds, W.M., Mount Hermon, No. 472, XTnion-

      dale. " Frank B. Carpenter, P.M., Mount Hermon, No. 472, ITniondale.

      * " Franklin Bernard, PJtf., Kennett, No. 476, Kennett

      Square. " B. Hopewell Hepburn, P.M., Kennett, No. 476, Kennett

      Square. << Bobert E. Dallas, Kennett, No. 475, Kennett Square.

      81

      Masbittdton Sesaui^centennial Hnniversari?

      *Bro. Sydnbt Z. Evans, W.M., Lamberton, No. 476, Lancas- ter.

      * " William Sloan, P.M., Beaver Valley, No. 478, Beaver

      Falls.

      * " Sahtiel a. Koghbnberqsb, P.m., Union, No. 479, Birds-

      boro.

      * " William C. Hblmbold, P.M., Noble, No. 480, Curwens-

      ville.

      * " MoNSAQUiLA Bbthbl, W.M., St. Paul's, No. 481, Phila-

      delphia. « Henry F. Volmeb, St. Paul's, No. 481, Philadelphia.

      * " Norman J. Smith, W.M., Athelstan, No. 482, Philadel-

      phia.

      * " William MoConway, P.M., Pittsburgh, No. 484, Pitts-

      burgh. " George Knox McCain, Pittsburgh, No. 484, Pittsburgh.

      * " Charles T. Moore, P.M., Glasgow, No. 485, Smith's

      Ferry.

      * " George A. Gardner, P.M., Prince Edwin, No. 486, Mid-

      dletown.

      * " William H. G. Gould, W.M., Robert A. Lamberton, No.

      487, Philadelphia. " Thomas G. Crawford, Robert A. Lamberton, No. 487, Philadelphia.

      * " Theodore Blair Patton, P.M., Logan, No. 490, Altoona. << LeBaron Biifsneider, P.M., Logan, No. 490, Altoona.

      * " Alexander Foster, P.M., Excelsior, No. 491, Philadel-

      phia.

      * " Harvey B. Eiefaber, W.M., Crescent, No. 493, Phila-

      delphia.

      " Biohard G. Oellers, P.M., Crescent, No. 493, Philadel- phia.

      " William T. May, Jr., P.M., Crescent, No. 493, Philadel- phia.

      « Henry G. Kepler, Crescent, No. 493, Philadelphia.

      * « John K. Bay, P.M., Tyrone, No. 494, Tyrone. " David S. Klass, Tyrone, No. 494, Tyrone.

      * " Isaac M. Witmer, P.M., Charles M. Howell, No. 496,

      Millersville.

      * " Isaac B. La Barre, P.M., Valley, No. 499, Pittston.

      82

      ZCbe Celebration

      *Bro. GsoBOi N. Sohofiild, P.M., Wm. C. Hamilton, No. 5(H),

      Philadelphia. " Walter Scott, P.M., Wm. C. Hamilton, No. 600, Phila-

      delphia. << Chablbs S. Clabk, P.M., Wm. C. Hamilton, No. 500,

      Philadelphia. " Gbobox Bilbr, Jr., Wm. 0. Hamilton, No. 500, Philadel-

      phia.

      * « BoBBBT S. Maobb, P.m., Eiverside, No. 503, Wrights-

      ville.

      * " Joseph B. Lovbland, W.M., Moscow, No. 504, Moscow.

      * « Chablbs W. Catlin, W.M., Liberty, No. 505, Port Alle-

      gany.

      * " Joseph H. Bbown, P.M., Jerusalem, No. 506, Philadel-

      phia. " William G. Winbbb, Jerusalem, No. 506, Philadelphia.

      * '' Gboboe F. Heckbl, P.M., Dallas, No. 508, Pittsburgh.

      * " Frank N. Stuokt, P.M., Germania, No. 509, Pittsburgh.

      * " Thoicas J. DowLBB, P.M., Braddock's Field, No. 510,

      Braddock.

      * " Thomas J. Dayibs, P.M., Shenandoah, No. 511, Shenan-

      doah.

      * <' William H. Pricb, P.M., Quakertown, No. 512, Quaker-

      town.

      * " August Daub, P.M., Guyasuta, No. 513, Pittsburgh.

      * " Abraham S. B. Bichards, P.M., Osceola, No. 515, Osceola

      Mills. " Charles H. Bowland, Osceola, No. 515, Osceola Mills.

      * <' Harry Bllenbogen, P.M., Mahoning, No. 516, Danville.

      * " WiNFiELD S. Lane, P.M., Westmoreland, No. 518, Greens-

      burg.

      * << Chablbs C. Judd, P.M., Gothic, No. 519, Philadelphia.

      * " Oliybb C. Nbbly, P.M., Canby, No. 520, St. Petersburg.

      * " Habry W. Bbndeb, P.M., Everett, No. 524, Everett.

      * " W. Lawbbnob Kalmbyeb, P.M., Ionic, No. 525, Alle-

      gheny.

      * " Ubiah W. Tbbgabden, P.M., Stephen Bayard, No. 526,

      Elizabeth.

      * « Habby W. Shelly, W.M., Philates, No. 527, Philadel-

      phia.

      83

      TKOasbinaton Seequi^centennial Bnniverear^

      *Bto. Geobgx J. BuHNS, W.M., Mount Horeb, No. 528, Phila- delphia.

      > " John B. Jamis, P.M., Mount Horeb, No. 528, Philadel- phia.

      * " Ibaiah T. Bobsebt, P.M., St. Alban, No. 529, Philadelphia.

      * " William W. BIbvan, W.M., Bellevue, No. 530, BeUevue. "i" " Gbobgb S. Bbat, W.M., George M. Dallas, No. 531,

      DaUas.

      * " John B. Baib, P.M., John W. Jenks, No. 534, PunxBu-

      tawney.

      * " NoBBis K. Hoffman, P.M., Oakland, No. 535, Pittsburgh.

      * ^* Gbobge E. Hamilton, P.M., Johnstown, No. 538, Johns-

      town.

      * " Samubl a. Hamilton, P.M., Woodbury, No. 539, Boaring

      Spring.

      * " BoBEBT Black, P.M., Nanticoke, No. 541, Nanticoke.

      * " William H. Babtleman, W.M., Femwood, No. 543, Phil-

      adelphia. ' " Bdwabd W. Patton, PJf ., Femwood, No. 543, Philadel- phia.

      * ^* William Laffebtt, P.M., Centennial, No. 544, Carnegie.

      * " William C. Macket, P.M., New London, No. 545, West

      Grove.

      * " William J. Cabbon, P.M., Duquesne, No. 546, Pittsburgh.

      * " J. BouQLAS HiPPLE, W.M., Beading, No. 549, Beading.

      * " Henbt L. Staqbb, P.M., Casiphia, No. 551, Mount Joy.

      * " WiNFiELD S. FsBQUSON, P.M., Allegheny Valley, No. 552,

      Emlenton.

      * ' " Chablbb S. Wagoneb, P.M., Spring City, No. 553, Spring

      City.

      * " John M. Gates, S.W., Meyersdale, No. 554, Meyersdale.

      * " HiBAM B. Weaohteb, P.M., Shiloh, No. 558, Lansdale.

      * " Augustus D. Gould, P.M., Bldred, No. 560, Bldred.

      * " Augustus F. Shiok, P.M., Greenleaf, No. 561, Allentown. *' *^ Samuel J. Zeablet, P.M., Marion, No. 562, Scottdale.

      * " William H. Bentzheimbb, P.M., HeUertown, No. 563,

      Hellertown.

      * " David H. Wbaveb, P.M., Coatesville, No. 564, Coates-

      ville.

      * " David H. Kelleb, W.M., Bangor, No. 565, Bangor.

      84

      Zhc Celebration

      ^ Bro. GsoBGi W. Nbuls, P.M., Kaoe, No. 566, Kane.

      * " William M. Rapp, P.M:., Prosperity, No. 567, KegelsviUe.

      * " Samukl C. Wilson, P.M:., La Monte, No. 568, Deny Sta-

      tion.

      * '< John M. Eshleman, P.M., Keystone, No. 569, Parkes-

      bnrg.

      * " Isaac Mossop, P.M., Ashlar, No. 570, Wioonisco.

      * " Altud W. Grbenwood, P.M., Cromwell, No. 672, Or-

      bisonia.

      * " Thomas H. McCutohbon, W.M., Corinthian, No. 573, Mill-

      yale Borough.

      * " Balph C. Kerb, P.M., Hebron, No. 575, Mercer.

      * " Gut p. MgCanbless, P.M., Crescent, No. 576, Pittsburgh. " J. Edwabd MoDowsll, Crescent, No. 676, Pittsburgh.

      * " Balph C. Sootnby, W.M., Prospect, No. 578, Moore.

      * " John S. Metz, P.M., Acacia, No. 679, Taylor.

      * " John L. Mather, W.M., Wayne, No. 581, Wayne. " Davib T. Dickson, P.M., Wayne, No. 581, Wayne.

      * " James Simpson, W.M., Toughiogheny, No. 583, McKees-

      port.

      * '< Charles P. Niemeter, W.M., King Solomon, No. 684,

      Dunmore.

      * " Isaac M. Schellinoer, P.M., Royersford, No. 685, Roy-

      ersford.

      * " Frank W. Benedict, W.M., Acacia, No. 586, Waynesboro.

      * « Frank W. Paxson, W.M., Manheim, No. 587, Manheim.

      * " J. Francis Miller, P.M., Orient, No. 690, Wilkinsburg.

      * " Benjamin Metzel, P.M., Equity, No. 591, Philadelphia.

      * « Calvin M. Smith, P.M., Pen Argyl, No. 594, Pen Argyl.

      * " John P. Kline, P.M., Perkiomen, No. 595, Bast Green-

      ville.

      * « Irvin Y. Barinqer, W.M., MacCalla, No. 596, Sellersville.

      * << Charles S. Seamans, P.M., Green Bidge, No. 597, Scran-

      ton.

      * " Lorenzo G. Nail, P.M., Elwood, No, 699, Blwood City.

      * ** Frederick Merz, P.M., Tacony, No. 600, Philadelphia.

      * " David A. Sotiders, P.M., Shidle, No. 601, Irwin.

      * « Henry B. Seltz, P.M., Galeton, No. 602, Galeton.

      * " Alexander J. M. Murdoch, W.M., B. Copp^e Mitchell,

      No. 605, PhiUdelphia.

      85

      TROaebinaton SeeauUcentennial Bnniverear^

      Bro. Hbnrt Hillisb, E. Copp^ Mitchell, No. 605, Philadel- phia.

      * " C. Shbblb Bbown, W.M., Badiant Star, No. 606, Phila-

      delphia.

      * « Thomas J. S. Nicely, W.M., Olivet, No. 607, Philadelphia. « Mabvin M. Eavbnbon, P.M., Olivet, No. 607, Philadelphia. '< Jambs Mobrison, Jb., P.M., Olivet, No. 607, Philadelphia. « William Nrbly, P.M., OUvet, No. 607, Philadelphia.

      « Fbbd B. Davis, Olivet, No. 607, Philadelphia.

      '' E. Laubbncb Fbll, Olivet, No. 607, Philadelphia.

      * " John D. Mabs, P.M., Joppa, No. 608, Pittsburgh.

      * " Fbank Jabbett, P.M., Progress, No. 609, Philadelphia.

      * " J. BiBD MoTBB, W.M., University, No. 610, Philadelphia. " Geobqb W. Kendbick, 3d, P.M., University, No. 610,

      Philadelphia.

      " MuBDOCK Kendbick, P.M., University, No. 610, Phila- delphia.

      " William H. Fblton, University, No. 610, Philadelphia.

      '* James M. Linglb, University, No. 610, Philadelphia.

      " Louis Yolmeb, University, No. 610, Philadelphia.

      << Fbbdebick E. Waqnbb, University, No. 610, Philadelphia.

      <' Chablbs E. Wolbebt, University, No. 610, Philadelphia.

      * " John W. Bischoff, P.M., Arbutus, No. 611, Freeland.

      * " Otto T. Mabowskt, P.M., Tyrian, No. 612, WUmerding.

      * " John P. Laibd, P.M., Charleroi, No. 615, Charleroi.

      * " Clabk W. Bbown, P.M., Hiram, No. 616, Altoona.

      * « Milton B. Uncapheb, P.M., Kiskiminetas, No, 617, Van-

      dergrifb.

      * « John P. Stbtleb, S.W., Middleburg, No. 619, Middleburg.

      * " Olivbb F. Lenhabdt, W.M., Norristown, No. 620, Norris-

      town.

      * '< Iba E. Sbidle, W.M., Lehigh ton. No. 621, Lehighton.

      * « Fbank Huth, W.M., Whitfield, No. 622, Nazareth.

      * << Ghables B. Buch, W.M., Sunset, No. 623, Washington.

      * " Joseph B. Alloway, W.M., Henry W. Williams, No. 624,

      Philadelphia.

      * " John T. Bbittinqham, W.M., Concord, No. 625, Concord-

      ville. " Ethan Allen Weaveb, unaffiliated.

      86

      ^be Celebration

      The following Brethren from other Jurisdictions were present :

      Bro. J. RiDOWAY Pbll, P.M., TreDton, No. 5, Trenton, Now Jersey.

      *' William 6. Moorb, W.M., Haddonfield, No. 130, Haddon- field, New Jersey.

      '« Henby D. Moorb, P.M., Haddonfield, No. 130, Haddonfield, New Jersey.

      " Gharlbs a. Bbaoh, Apollo, No. 13, Troy, New York.

      *< Frank David MoLain, Old Erie, No. 3, Warren, Ohio.

      << WILLL4M F. ScHENSLXY, St. Mark's, No. 102, Glasgow, Scot- land.

      '< Hbnry L. Turner, P.M., Atlantic, No. 2, Norfolk, Virginia.

      " Joseph Wilson Banqe, Temple, No. 42, Cheney, Washing- ton.

      Grand Lodge was honored by the presence of the following visiting Brethren :

      THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES,

      His Excellency Bro. Theodore Boosbvblt,

      Mattneoock, No. 806, Oyster Bay, N. Y. THE GOVERNOR OF PENNSYLVANIA,

      His Excellency Bro. Willlam A. Stonb,

      Allegheny, No. 228, Allegbeny City. ARIZONA.

      Bro. Benjamin Titus,

      OoroDada, No. 8, Clifton,

      M. W. Past Grand Master.

      arkansas.

      Bro. Harry H. Myers,

      Brinkley, No. 296, Brinkley,

      M. W. Grand Master. 87

      TROaebinaton Seequi^centennial Bnniverdar^

      CONNECTICUT.

      Bro. Leon M. Woodford,

      Shepherd, No. 78, NaogBtook,

      E. W. Deputy Grrand Master. Bro. John H. Barlow,

      King Hiram, No 12, Derby,

      M. W. Past Grand Master and Grand Secretary.

      Bro. Arthur G. Wheeler,

      81 John*!, No. 6, Norwalk,

      M. W. Grand Master.

      DBLAWARE.

      Bro. Harrt J. Guthrie,

      Lafayette, No. U, WUmington,

      M. W. Grand Master. Bro. Walter S. Letherburt,

      Union, No. 6, Middletown,

      E. W. Senior Grand Warden, Bro. Willlam L. Harmann,

      Corinthian, No. 20, Wilmington,

      E. W. Grand Treasurer. Bro. J. Harmer Eile,

      Temple, No. 11, Wilmington,

      M. W. Past Grand Master. Bro. Lewis B. Morrow,

      Temple, No. U, ¥^lmlngton,

      E. W. Past Grand Treasurer.

      Bro. Charles H. Maull,

      JeflesMn, No. 16» Lewei,

      E. W. D^uty Grand Master. Bro. Isaac S. Warren,

      Gethiemane, No. 28, Reliance,

      E. W. Junior Grand Warden. Bro. Benjamin F. Bartram,

      Lafayette, No. 14, WUmlngton,

      B. W. Grand Secretary. Bro. George Masset JonIbs,

      Union, No. 7, Dover,

      M. W. Past Grand Master. Eev. Bro. Lewis H. Jackson,

      Eureka, No. 28, Wilmington,

      E. W. Past Deputy Grand Mas- ter and Chairman of Com. on Correspondence.

      district op COLUMBIA.

      Bro. George H. Walker,

      Hiram, No. 10, Washington,

      E. W. Deputy Grand Master.

      Bro. Geo. Washington Baird,

      Hope, No. 20, Washington,

      M. W. Past Grand Master and Chairman of Com. on For- eign Correspondence.

      Deputation from Potomac Lodge, No. 5, Waehlngton.

      Eev. Bro. Stanley BiLLHEiMER, Bro. Charles T. Lindset, Worshipful Master. Senior Deacon.

      Bro. Henry G. Wagner. 88

      ZCbe Celebration

      IDAHO.

      Bro. David P. Mason,

      Kootemd, No. 24, GoBor d'Alene,

      M. W. Grand Master.

      MARYLAND.

      Bro. Thomas J. Shbtook, Bro. J. Clembnt Clabe,

      WftYerly, No. 162, Baltlxnore, Nantlooke, No. 172, FedenlslwiKi

      M, W. Grand Master. E. W. Junior Grand Warden.

      Bro. Pbter B. Toioe, Bro. John M. Cartbb,

      FfttapMO, Na 188, Sparrow*! Foint, FldeUty, No. U6, Balttmora,

      B. W. Grand Treasurer. M. W. Past Grand Master.

      MASSACHUSETTS.

      Bro. Charles T. Gallaohbr,

      St FruI's, Bofton,

      M. W. Grand Master.

      MI880URL

      Bro. John C. Yocum,

      Temple, No. 299, EauMUi dtj,

      M. W. Grand Master.

      NEBRASKA.

      Bro. Pbank E. Bullabd,

      Flatte VftUey, No. 82, North Flatte,

      R. W. Deputy Grand Master.

      NEW JERSEY.

      Bro. W. Holt Apqab, Bro. John H. Wilkins,

      Trenton, No. 5, Trenton, Oriental, No. 61, Newark,

      M. W. Grand Master. R. W. Deputy Grand Master.

      Bro. Bbnjamin P. Wakefield, Bro. Waltbb Chandleb,

      Enterprise, No. 48, Jersey City, Orient, No. 126, Elliabeth,

      R. W. Senior Grand Warden. R. W. Junior Grand Warden. Bro. Thomas H. R. Redwat, Bro. Chables H. Mann,

      Union, No. 19, New Bmnswick, Haddonfleld, No. 180, Haddonfleld,

      R. W. Grand Secretary. M. W. Past Grand Master.

      Bro. Chables H. Belcheb, Bro. Josiah W. Ewan,

      Newark, No. 7, Newark, Moont Holly, No. 14, Mount HoUy,

      M. W. Past Grand Master and M. W. Past Grand Master. Chairman of Com. on For- eign Correspondence.

      Bro. J.' Fbanklin Pobt,

      Hope,?fo. 124, Bast Orange. 89

      TUlasbinaton Seeaui^centennial Bnnii^etear^

      . NBW YORK.

      Bro. John W. Yrooman, Bt. Bev. Bro. Henry Codkan

      Herkimer, No. 428, Herkimer. POTTBR, D.D., LL.D., D.C.L.,

      M. W. Past GraDd Master. Ki^e. No. 4B4, New York.

      Past Grand Chaplain. Bro. Stewart L. Woodford, Bro. William L. Swan,

      Formerly of ContineDtial, Na 287, New Matlneoook, No. 806, Oyiter Bay,

      Ywk. Past Master.

      Paet Master.

      Bro. William Lobb, Jr.,

      Wentworth, No. 417, Albany. DeptttatioB from St. John's Lodge, No. i, New York.

      Bro. Frank W. Silkman, Bro. Alexander B. Corbet,

      Senior Warden. Secretary.

      Bro. George H. Phillips. B. W. Past District Deputy Grand Master.

      QUEBEC.

      Bro. Edward T. D. Chambers,

      St Andiew'i, No. 6^ Qinebec,

      M. W. Past Grand Master and Chairman of Com. on Corre- spondence.

      vbrbcont. Bro. Everett C. Benton,

      BentOD, No. 88, OoUd HiOl.

      District Deputy Grand Master, 16th District.

      VIRGINIA.

      Bro. H. Oscar Kerns, Bro. Kosciusko Kemper,

      Peyton Colei, No. 64, Satherlin, AlexaDdria-WaahJsgton, No. 22,

      M. W. Grand Master. Aiexandiiii,

      B. W. Grand Junior Warden.

      DeptttetioB from Fredericksburg Lodge, No. 4, Frederlcksborff.

      Bro. William H. Hurcamp, Bro. Maurice Hirsh, Worshipftil Master. Senior Warden.

      Bro. SiLVANUS J. QuiNN,

      Secretary.

      90

      The Celebration

      Deputation from Alexandria- Washington Lodge, No. as, Alexandria.

      Bro. John F. Bi&rbll, Bro. Bobert W, Arnold,

      Worshipful Master. Senior Warden.

      Bro. Hbnry F. Charles, Junior Warden.

      The Grand Lodge was opened in ample form at 12 o'clock and 5 minutes p.m., the Right Worshipful Grand Master using the Washington gavel.

      The Chorus sang

      "Hear our prayer, O Lord, we beseech Thee,"

      and Grand Chaplain, Beverend Brother James W. Bobins, D.D., oflfered the following

      PRAYER

        O Almighty and Eternal GoD, Supreme Architect of Heaven and Earth,

        unto whom all hearts are open, all desires known, and from whom no secrete are hid,

        cleanse the thoughte of our hearts by the inspiration of Thy Holy Spirit,

        that we may perfectly love Thee, and worthily magnify Thy Holy Name.

        We come into Thy Presence acknowledging our dependence upon Thy goodness, and invoking Thy blessing upon our labor. 'Let the words of our lips and the meditation of our hearte be always acceptable in Thy sight, O Lord, our Strength and our Redeemer.'

        [SCRIPTURE, DAVIDIC PSALM]

        We bless Thy Holy Name for all those Thy servante, who, having finished their course in faith, do now rest from their labors : especially for him whom we this day commemorate. We thank Thee that, in Thy wise Providence, Thou didst grant to this Nation at ite be-

        91

        VBaebinoton Seeaui^entennfal Bnni^^ersar^

        ginning a man so fitted to be its Leader, its Guide, and its Protector, and to lay the foundations of free government in this land. May we ever venerate his Le, imitate his virtues, and walk in the path of his example.

        Bless, O Lord, our country ; and grant that peace and happiness, truth and justice, religion and piety, may be established among us for all generations. Especially regard with Thy favor the President of the United States, the Gk)yemor of this State, and all others in authority ; and so rule their hearts that they, knowing whose ministers they are, may above all things seek Thy honor and glory ; and that we, and all the people, duly considering whose authority they bear, may fSuthfuUy and obediently honor them, according to Thy blessed Word and ordinance.

        We commend to Thee, O Lord, the Fraternity of Freemasons in this and all the Jurisdictions of this land, and throughout the world. May all the Brethren of the Craft be good men and true, and live in ac- cordance with the principles of morality and reUgion which are taught within the Lodge I

        Thou hast promised to those who are assembled in Thy Name that Thou wilt grant their requests : Fulfil now, O Lord and Great Master, for the sake of Thy Holy Name, the desires and petitions of Thy servants, as may be most expedient for them; granting us in this world knowledge of Thy truth, and in the world to come life everlasting.

        02

        ^<^-i^

        A \i'K

        "i: V V'

        CiiOru? : . I,* \u^^ tin •

        ODE TO Tr GRAKI; T-V . :' r.

        Hair •

        ^\ 'ill Mif'klu'

        •' fl ib 'lav

        » «

        '-lit \'.' 'T--]jIj.f'.- <

        ■'(.ruvlii'-rlufi mI" i ..

        1 ;iii

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        > • no

        : . r \\\ ' n(>rl <>:* ij.- ry ,\ J .v \^o aie jthI' bt •! to

        0*5

        {^timmu^^y^j^

        Vkhc Celebration

        And now unto the King, Eternal, Immortal, In- visible, the only wise Qon, our Saviour, be glory and majesty, dominion and power, for ever and ever. Amen.

        The Chorus then sang the following

        ODE TO THE GRAND MASTER

        Hail I our Grand Master trae,

        We welcome him this day : To him all honor due,

        We Brethren ever pay. For him all strength we ask, To well perform his task ; God bless him while his life shall last,

        With thankful hearts we pray.

        The Brethren then sang, ^* With one consent let all the earth," to Old Hundredth.

        The Bight Worshipful Grand Master, Brother Edgar A. Tei^nis, delivered the following

        ADDRESS OF WELCOME

        The introduction of Freemasonry into America and the birth of Washington had nearly a contempora- neous date. The annals of the Fraternity give no account of regularly organized Lodges in this country untU the third decade of the eighteenth century, and in its second year Geosge Washington was born.

        For the record of his natal day we are indebted to

        93

        vnaebinaton SesauiKenteniUal Hnnivecsar!^

        DO heraldic college, no public register, but the old family Bible of his ancestors is still preserved, and there, in the handwriting of his mother, is found the date of February 11, 1732 (O.S.).

        To Washington's mother has been also accorded, and is no doubt due, the credit of so directing the mental, moral, and religious character of his youth as to give an exalted tone to every action of his after life, and early in his history to fit him to pass through the Mystic Bites of Masonry, which he did in the presence of a chosen band of Brethren in Fredericksburg Lodge before he was yet twenty-one, and before they knew that the newly made Brother would win, in after years, a nation's honor, gratitude, and love ; and that, when a century and a half had passed, the anniversary of his initiation would be celebrated as a national Masonic event; but the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, ever watchftil and appreciative, resolved, at their Annual Grand Communication in December last, that inasmuch as '^our records show cordial and fraternal relations with our illustrious Brother Washington, the foremost American citizen, and the first President of the United States," we " celebrate the One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary of the Initiation of George Washington into the Most Ancient and Honorable Fraternity of Free and Accepted Masons, with suitable ceremonies, in the Masonic Temple in the City of Philadelphia, and recommend similar celebrations by the I^pdges throughout the Jurisdiction."

        94

        Vbe (Ce(el>tation

        In accordance with that resolution we are assembled to^ay, and I am happy in the privilege accorded me of ±^ to Jluver4 oodn ^ to th. Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania^ my Masonic Brethren who have come hither in response to our invitation.

        Masonry regards all men as upon the level, and deems the son of the prince no better than the son of the peasant, unless he has personal qualities to make him pre-eminent. That Washington, the statesman, soldier, and Mason, possessed these qualities is accepted by all who have an eye to see, a heart to feel, and a mind to understand. To look upon such a character will be an inspiration for us to-day, and be prophetic of greater achievements in the sphere of human energy and moral endeavor.

        It is also the part of wisdom for a fraternity to bring into closer contact with all its members the person of him who has served it by serving his nation and man- kind, «.d to preeoat to Adr coLentious «g.rd one who, with imperial fulness, has been the embodiment of its principles and virtues in the home, the commu- nity, and the State.

        The name Washington is embalmed not only in the history of the nation, but of mankind. His work, after the passing of years, is a potent force for the enrichment of humanity and the enlargement of political freedom. His influence is the property of the world, the legacy of all those who love liberty or who are struggling to attain the birthright of independence and broader citizenship.

        95

        TROaebinaton Sesqui^centennial Bnniversan?

        But his £Eune is the sacred trust of Masonry. His name is inscribed on our imperishable records ; it is written in letters of gold on our Boyal Arch, and has been dowered and knighted with the enduring title of Brother and Companion*

        In youth he trod the tessellated floor of the Tem- ple and passed beyond the veils for fuller light; in maturer age he acknowledged the high relationship; and, in the strength and decline of years, he deemed it an honor to take part in the moral enterprises and solemnities of our society. Our Fraternity was to Washington a kindly refuge. He sought its calm retreat amid the anxieties and responsibilities of war and the administrations of government

        Its ministries of peace and brotherhood brought tranquillity to his troubled spirit, and loosened the burdens that weighed him down. It had in it the Temple towards which he ever turned and through whose opened yeils there came a Ught to guide and a voice to hush discordant forces into the harmony of repose.

        But besides the Temple of Peace there was also the Temple of Work. If he wielded the mallet to guide and control, he wielded the trowel to build up and cement the carved stones of the fair structure. On the field where battle had been fought, he raised a Lodge, a veritable tabernacle in the wilderness, to show that peace was the issue he sought. And when the long war was ended, and peace had come to the

        Zhc Celebration

        land and the waves of human passion had stilled them- selves into calm, he was Washikgton, the Brother in Masonry, no less than Washington, the Patriot and Soldier.

        Sleeping under the shadow of a century, he is not dead, but walks a power through the land to inspire a higher patriotism, to call the citizens to a truer life, and to unite the people in one hope, in one destiny, and in the moral grandeur which shall make our nation endure until all nations shall blend in that kingdom of Qod which is immortal.

        " He is Dot dead, whose glorious mind Lifts thine on high ; To live in hearts we leave behind Is not to die."

        Alexander, Hannibal, C«sar, Napoleon ; alas ! how vain is Ae greatness of this world unaccompanied by that virtue which is taught in all the lessons of Free- masonry I How painful is the gift of genius if it be abused I Contrast the life-work of these giants with the Brother we delight to honor, and ask, —

        << Shall the name of Washington ever be heard By a Freeman, and thrill not his breast ? Is there one out of bondage that hails not the word As the Bethlehem Star of the West ?"

        While Masonry regards no man for his mere worldly wealth and honors, she does teach, as a cardinal civil

        07

        TPOasbinaton Se0Qui

        yirtue, loyalty to the State, cheerful conformity to the goyernmeut under which he lives, and dignified reepect to the constitutional Executive of our State and of our common country. Honored as we are to-day by the presence of the Chief Executive of the nation founded by Washington, it is with peculiar pride that I assure him of the sympathy and moral weight of sixty thousand fiuthful, intelligent Masons, reaching from the Delaware to the Ohio of our Jurisdiction, and to pledge him their hearty co-operation to make his administration redound to the honor and glory of the people, the maintenance of the Constitution, and the preservation of the Union.

        We welcome him to this Temple, the home of the oldest Grand Lodge on the Western Hemisphere, and to the celebration of the sesqui-centennial anniversary of the initiation of his honored predecessor.

        We appreciate the presence of the Chief Executive of our great Commonwealth, and welcome him on behalf of his Masonic constituency.

        To the Grand Master of Virginia, the Jurisdiction of which Washington was a member, and the first Jurisdiction to charter a subordinate body; to the Grand Master of Massachusetts, the second Grand Lodge chartered by constituted authority of a Provin- cial Grand Master, and the first Jurisdiction to name a subordinate Lodge after Washington ; to the Grand Master of New Jersey, the home of our first Pro- vincial Grand Master ; to the Grand Master of Dela-

        98

        Zhc Celebration

        ware, one of the smallest^ numerically speaking, of our Jurisdictions^ but generous in all other respects; to the Grand Master of Maryland, a Jurisdiction of our creating and of which we are justly proud; to the Grand Masters of each of the Jurisdictions repre- sented, together with those accompanying you ; to the several Committeee bringing with Aem the Bible, gavel, etc., used by Washington ; and, lastly, to the true and tried Brethren of our own Jurisdiction, I ex- tend a most cordial, fraternal, and heartfelt welcome to our ceremonies.

        Brother Chables T. Gallagheb, Most Worshipful Grand Master of Masons in Massachusetts, made the following

        REPLY ON BEHALF OP THE VISITING GRAND

        OFFICERS

        Bight Wosbhipfitl Grand Masteb and Brethren, AND OUR Honored Guest the President op THE United States : The cordial and hospitable welcome extended by you. Eight Worshipful Sir, in behalf of your Grand Lodge to the representatives of Sister Grand Lodges, cannot fail to arouse in every heart a warmth of re- sponse that can be but ill concealed in the embarrass- ment of attempting to make expression in set form of words ; and which, but for your interdiction of applause, would be so demonstrative as to make my response

        99

        vnadbindton SedauiKentennbK Hnniverear^

        seem tame, indeed. Within the memory of my own ^ a., h<«pi^.y of yow 8to,» «.7fl.i. Gty of Brotherly Love, extended to the soldier from the North going forth to the victory or death of the Civil War, or returning from it with his shield, or borne on a bed of pain and suffering, has been proverbial, and made remembrance of you a household word in every soldier's family ; the generous treatment accorded the people of this and other lands during the Centennial Exposition of 1876 is within the memory of all, while the fraternal greetings and knightly courtesies invoked by repeated pUgrim^es to your shrine are still warm in the memories of the Craft, and give to your Juris- diction pre-eminently the right to welcome Masons and Masonry at so important an anniversary as this. But not alone the felicity and character of your reception, but also the high standard adopted and maintained in your Jurisdiction in Masonic matters, its reverence of the Landmarks, its ritual, its principles, its traditions, and its history, warrant abundantly the opinion that all feel who have accepted, in such generous numbers, the invitation extended by you to them.

        However unworthy may be the instrument that chance has selected to respond in behalf of the appre- ciative hearts that are warmed to your outstretched hand of benevolence, one cannot &il to detect an ap- propriateness in selecting as sponsor for your visitors the old Jurisdiction of Massachusetts, the senior in point of service of the bodies called to your home ; the

        100

        JLbc Celebration

        vexed question of difference between us as to priority of charters being one which a guest shall not with pro- priety discuss: the charter granted to Henby Pbice as Provincial Grand Master in 1733, which resulted in establishing the St. John's Lodge in Boston, gave juris* diction over all North America to establish Lodges ; and as thus, indirectly from successive charters, new Lodges and Grand Lodges grew as stems from the parent tree, the shoots being planted and transplanted, we may appropriately say to-day that Massachusetts, in thus respondmg to your felicitous address, answers for many of her children, her grandchildren, her de- scendants of the half-blood, and even her collateral kindred, as well as for the stranger within your gates.

        Equally appropriate may it be for the City of Bos- u2 4. 'L'a dt, Jt ^es wiih her in L bono, of claiming a Masonic Franklin, that name so inti- mately associated with him whom we this day honor, whose staff in civU life was no less potent than the sword of Washington in war.

        Equally appropriate, too, that that centre, which before and during the war of the Revolution mingled so much of Masonry with its patriotic zeal, should be thus honored on an occasion that links its life so closely with the military and Masonic life of him whose anniversary we this day celebrate. It was in the argument of James Otis, a Brother Mason of Barnstable Lodge, against the Writs of Assistance, that Independence and Liberty were bom ; of the

        101

        TROaebinaton SeequiKentennial Bnniversan?

        Committee of Safety, to whom aloue the designs of the British should be discovered, John Hancxk^k, Joseph Wabben, and Paul Beyere were Masons, all being later Grand Masters of our Grand Lodge ; Paul Be- YEBE, known of by every school-boy, who rode through '^ Middlesex village and farm, for the country folk to be up and to ann," chose to assist him in hanging the " lanterns aloft in the belfry arch of the North Church Tower, one if by land and two if by sea," John Pul- ling, a member of Marblehead Lodge, while Joseph Wabben selected Willla^h Bawes, another Mason, to perform the same errand as Revebe, across country, from Roxbury ; John Hancock gave his fortune to the cause of the Colonies ; and Joseph Wabben, being at the time Grand Master of Masons, gave his life in the struggle for liberty at Bunker Hill, the fatal shot being fired across breastworks laid out by Bichabd Gbidley as civil engineer, who took part in the battle, and at the time was Deputy Grand Master of Masons. From the Lodge-room of St. Andrew at the Green Dragon Tavern, " that nest where patriot plots were hatched," the disguises of Indians were assumed by the greater part of those who threw the hated tea into the tide, and the records of that Lodge, which at one place bear the laconic statement, ^' Consignees of Tea took the brethren's time," contain in the margin of the records for that active evening numerous capital T's, significantly placed there by the Recording Secre- tary ; it was to men active in these and similar patri-

        102

        Zbc Celebration

        otic scenes, resultant from them, that Geobge Wash- ington came to assume command of the Colonial army under the historic elm at Cambridge opposite the Alma Mater of our distinguished guest ; it needed not the slow growth of confidence to enable Washington to know and try these men, for he found already those ^' to whom the burdened heart could pour out its sor- rows," " to whom distress could prefer its suit," with whom friendships and confidences existed at once with the hand-clasp, and with whom co-operation and action were immediate.

        The orator and the historian have so repeatedly traced the parallel, the connection, and the close rela- tion of Masonry with the formation of our government, that a single suggestion may suffice to recall it to your attention ; how intimately were they associated can be assumed when we consider that all of Washington's generals, a majority, at least, of both the signers of the Declaration of Independence and of the Constitu- tional Convention, were of our Institution; and the bond which '' formed friendships and established con- nections" between the Masonic patriots of Boston and the great name which we this day invoke, may indeed withVopriety be n..«wed on tJ day.

        And I, ding froM fl»t JurtodiLn. « ite «pre. sentative, in behalf of the assembled Grand Lodges here, I extend, in response to your princely welcome, a most earnest and appreciative expression of thanks. From the hearts of all comes the response. May your

        108

        vnadbinaton Sedaui

        Grand Lodge flourish, may its numbers increase, may it. memljp™,p.r, Li Ly happing .bound ; Ji when your gueets return to their respectiye Juris- dictions each shall there place on its records, so in- delibly inscribed as to be the last erased, its memorial of this most fitting celebration of a most glorious an- niversary.

        In January, 1800, immediately after the death of Geobge Washington, which occurred in December, 1799, Samuel Dunn, Grand Master of Masons in Massachusetts, received from Mabtha Washington, accompanied by a letter from Tobias Leab, Washing- ton's secretary, a lock of the hair of that immortal patriot; intimately associated with this presence, I hope I may be pardoned if I assume to have thought it meet that it should grace the occasion where your comprehensive exhibit of Washingtoniana forms so interesting a feature ; but I bring it, with all its hal- lowed associations, in its original receptacle, an urn of solid gold, with the inscription on it, and the mahogany casket in which it is contained,* all fashioned by the hand of Paul Reyebe, that "curious artificer and scientific worker in metals" as well as in Masonry and public matters ; remaining in the custody of Grand Master Dunn during the years of 1800-1802, it was by him transmitted to his successor with a solemn charge as to its sacred custody and care, which has been re-

        * See illustration, page 198. 104

        Zbc (Cetebtation

        peated with appropriate oeremonials to each Grand Master from then until it came to my hands in the jeax 1900 ; thus authenticated, it appears before you a priceless relic; worshipped by the fethers as coming from that noble head which a more imaginative people would have beautified with the halo of a saint, but which, without, was still to them illumined with an effulgence that might well be likened to the glory of the Shekinah, whose generous rays should beckon them out of the house of bondage and direct their paths to- wards the temple of happiness and the promised land of liberty. As this was to our fathers, so may it be to us and to our children's children, an inspiration to patriotism, loyalty, and nobility of character, to higher thoughts and aims, to a fervent renewal of our obliga- tions, and the inculcating of the teachings and practice of our cardinal virtues and tiie tenets of our profession as Masons* When the memory of that light shall fail, then, indeed, may we fear for the strength of our Institution, and that our liberties are, indeed, endan- gered. As was said of William the Silent and fervently quoted of another beloved ruler till within but a little more than a year past so closely tied to us as a brother, ** He lived, the faithful ruler of a brave people, and when he died, children cried in the streets." Nature kindly ordained that the name of Washington should not be sullied by descendants, for he left no issue; ^'but Heaven left him childless that all the Nation might call him father.''

        106

        HQIaebinaton Sesaui^centennial Bnniversan?

        The Orchestra then played The Fahns.

        The Bight Worshipfiil Grand Master then addressed Grand Lodge as follows :

        Bbethben of the Grand Lodge:

        Masonry, with ite wide mantle of the pure principles of Universal Fraternity, Charity, and Love, honors all who may be fortunate enough to receive the unani- mous approval of the Brethren.

        So, too, in its turn, Masonry is honored by having numbered among its membership '^the greatest, the noblest, in the land/' It is a custom to wait until a man has ^^ passed into the Great Beyond" before we extol or even mention his virtues. This custom should, in my opinion, be the "more honored in the breach than in the observance." While living among us, those who deserve should receive com- mendation.

        With these thoughts in view, I am now to perform that which to me is, in a personal as well as an official sense, a pleasant duty, in presenting to you our distin- guished gue«t, a worthy successor of illustrious prede- cessors, who from Brother Washington to Brother McKiNLEY have graced the Chief Executive office of our country. I know that, in speaking from my heart as I do, I but voice your sentiments in saying, ^^ We love, honor, and respect him not only as our Chief Magistrate, but as a man and a Mason."

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        Zhe Celebration

        Brethren will follow the Grand Marshal in giving Grand Honors to Brother Theodobe Boobevelt, President of the United States.

        The President of the United States, Brother Theo- dore BoosEYELT, then received the salutations of the Craft,

        Brother Boosevelt addressed Grand Lodge :

        FREEMASONRY AND CITIZENSHIP

        Bight Wobshipful Grand Masteb and Bbetheen : No man could fail to be sensible of the honor of ad- dressing a body like this on an occasion like this. I should think that every man and Mason would be a better man for haying been here to-day. I thank you, indeed, for haying giyen me the chance to be present It seems to me that what this country needs more than anything else is to practise — ^not to preach only, but to practise— the virtues realized in the career of the great- est Mason that ever lived, — ^Washington, — ^and pay to hi, ^en^ the ^r^ of deed., not «»,1, woL'

        One of the things that attracted me so greatly to Masonry, that I hailed the chance of becoming a Mason, was that it really did act up to what we, as a government and as a people, are pledged to,— of treat- ing each man on his merits as a man. When Brother Geobge Washington went into a Lodge of the Fra^ temity he went into the one place in the United States where he stood below or above his fellows according to

        107

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        their official poeition in the Lodge. He went into the place where the idea of our goyemment was realized 88 for 88 it is humanly poasible for mankind to real- ize a lofty ideal. And I know that you will not only understand me, but sympathize with me, when I say that, great though my pleasure is in being here as your guest in this beautiful Temple, and in meeting such a body of men as this is that I am now addressing, I think my ple««r, U ev«. g»..» when going L some little Lodge, where I meet the plain, hard-work- ing men, — ^the men who work with their hands, — ^and meet them on a footing of genuine equality, not false equality, of genuine equality conditioned upon each man being a decent man, a fiur-deaUng man.

        Each one of us naturally is interested especially in life as he sees it from his own stand-point. Each one of us that is worth his salt is trying to do his share in working out the problems that are before all of us now at the beginning of the twentieth century. Any man in public life, whatever his position be, if he is interested at heart, has the desire to do some kind of substantial service for his country. He must realize that the indispensable prerequisite of success under our institutions is genuineness in the spirit of brotherhood.

        Masonry should make, and must make, each man who conscientiously and understandingly takes its ob- ligations, a fine type of American citizenship, because Masonry teaches him his obligations to his fellows in practical fashion. It is a good thing to read the

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        Declaration of Independence every Fourth of July; it is a good thing to talk of what Washington and his fellows did for us ; but what counts is how we live up to the lessons that we read or that we speak of. The lesson of brotherhood, first and foremost, is to learn that lesson with a full heart on the one hand, and without a weak head on the other. The lesson of brotherhood — ^that is the lesson that has to be taught and to be learned and applied to us as a people, if we are to solve the great industrial and social problems of to-day. If we could get wage-workers and employers in any given occupation or in any given district in a Lodge together, I would guarantee the result ; I would guarantee what would happen. Is not that true ? Do you not think so ? (Cries of " Yes, yes.*') Exactly, and I would guarantee it, because if that thing hap- pened we would come into the Lodge, all of us, each wanting to do what was good for his Brother; each recognizing that in our government every man of us has to be his brother's keeper ; not recognizing it in any spirit of foolish emotionalism ; not under the im- pression that you can benefit your brother by some act of weak, yielding complacency that will be a curse to him (and of course to you). That is not the way to benefit him. Masonry teaches us in this direction, and makes us care for the Brethren that stumble and &11, and for the wives and little ones of those who are beaten down in the harsh battle of life. Of all things, it does not teach us to make believe that there are not

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        any obBtacles. It does not teach us that life can some- how be made soft and easy for every one. It cannot be. For many of us life is going to be very hard. For each one of us who does anything it is going to have hard stretches in it. If he does not put himself in the way to encounter, to overcome them, he won't do anything that is worthy of being done.

        Masonry teaches and fosters in the man the qualities of self-respect and self-help, — ^the qualities that make a man fit to stand by himself,-^nd yet it must foster in every one who appreciates It as it should be appr^ ciated^e beautiful and solemn ritual-it must ^Ir in him a genuine feeling for ilie rights of others and for the feelings of others ; and Masons who help one another help in a way that is free from that curse of help, patronizing condescension. I think a good many of us would rather be wronged than patronized ; would rather suffer injustice than endure condescension. Help given in a spirit of arrogance does not benefit either the giver or the receiver. Help given as an irksome duty may possibly do some good to the man that helps, but it is not likely to do so to the man that is helped. Help must be given rationally, with a feel- ing of cordial good-will that comes when a man helps another knowing perfectly well that the chance may come when it may be necessary for him to accept help.

        Now, in our life of to-day, in our great complex industrial centres, what do we need most ? We need most each to understand the other's view-point; to

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        understand that the other man is at bottom like him- self. Each one of us should understand that and try to approach any subject at issue, any problem that arises, with the firm determination not to be weak, not to be foolish, — ^that is not being helpful to your brother. Weakness and folly and timidity are not helpful to your neighbor. Timid endurance of wrong-doing may often be to commit the greatest evil that one possibly can commit against one's fellows ; but while acknowl- edging that, while insisting upon it that there shall be no yielding to wrong, yet it is ever necessary to re- member that you cannot appreciate the rights of the case until you are able to see and understand how your neighbor looks at it, how he is affected by it.

        You take any Lodge where, as is the case in our own little Lodge, you see the capitalist and wage-worker, men of all classes, men of every kind of social position and wealth, and see them meeting together with the feeling for one another that should always go with Masonry ; when one sees a Lodge such as that, a meet- ing such as that, one sees how a certain small fragment of our industrial problem is being solved.

        It is not possible to have the ideal that I would like

        to have ; to have, as I said, all of the best of all classes

        and creeds represented in Masonry in every district;

        but it is possible for each of us to go out into the world

        trying to apply in his dealing with his fellows the

        lessons of Masonry as they are taught in the Lodge,

        and as they are applied in the Brotherhood. And so

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        uniaabindton SeequUcentennial Hnnii^rsatc

        we can practically learn from Washington how to deal with the problems of to-day, if we take his career not as a subject for formal eulogy, not as a subject for an academic intellectual exercise, but as a living truth in our hearts and in our souls, to be acted upon and to be remembered in all our dealings with our fellow-men. I know how hard it is to talk of his career without seeming in a sense to use cant expres- sions. It is one of the inevitable tendencies in dealing with the name and record of any great man to use con- ventional expressions, because we are speaking of ele- mentary virtues, and the very fact that the virtues are elementary, and there is need to practise them every day and every hour, makes it difficult to talk of them in language that shall not seem commonplace.

        It was not Washington's genius alone that made him the great man of all time. Your Kight Worship- ful Grazed Master spoke of four of the great colossal world figures, — of Alexandeb, the Conqueror ; of the career of Hannibal, the mightiest warrior of the ages ; of CfiSAB, and of Napoleon, each of whom combined in a wonderfiil degree the career of emperor, ruler, and law-giver. Great men ; but thrice fortunate the nations that number no one of them among its men I Great men, who loom ever larger through the ages ; but well it is for us that we see their figures in the mists that loom across the seas I Great men ; but greater far was Washington ; greater far was that man who should have been a Mason, — ^Abbaham Lincoln ! Great men

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        were our heroes, because our heroes had it in them to prefer their fellow-men to themselves, to prefer the state to their own ambition, to their own fiincied or real well-being; because our heroes were heroes for us primarily, and not for themselves. We are not going to have the chance, any of us, to do work that remotely approaches the work done by them ; but each of us has his work, and accordingly as in the aggregate all of us do or do not do our Lral tasks ^thT spirit in which Washington and Lincoln did theirs, accord- ingly as that is done or not done will this nation suo ceed or fail in the century which has opened before us. Washington and Lincoln I Washington, who, when he came into a Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons, came in on exact equality with any humble f^ or n.eeh.»ic or «.yle 1 who wL in ti»t Lodge ; Washington, the Virginia country gentleman, the gentleman of good standing, the man brought up to work (of course, no man can be a good citizen under our government if he is not brought up to work), but brought up to work under easier and softer conditions than the majority of his fellows. Washington on one side, and Lincoln on the other ! Lincoln, the uncouth farmer's boy, reared in the grinding toil and poverty of a small cabin on the frontier ; the man who worked with his hands ; the man who never knew what it was to walk in the soft places of the earth, and who made his way upward untQ in our Pantheon his figure stands

        beside that of the dead hero of Mount Vernon !

        lis

        uniaabindton SeaauUcentennial Hnniversat^

        Washington and Lincoln! We look at them in this country alike. We are incapable of the baseness — ^that is, if we are good citizens — incapable of the baseness of looking down on Lincoln because of his birth and bringing up; we are incapable, if we are good citizens, of the almost greater baseness of affect- ing to look down upon Washington because he was well to do and well brought up. There are two things to be remembered : there is just as much temptation ever before our people, a temptation that is just as im- portant to be overcome and thrust to one side, — ^the temptation to deify improperly the lack of material well-being, the lack of success, as there is temptation to bow down overmuch to success. There is a little book that has been translated from the French and printed reoentiy, written by an Alsatian pafltor named Chables Wagneb, who, if he is not a Mason, ought to be. It is called ** The Simple Life." I wish it could be circulated as a tract in numerous quarters of our country. The writer dwells especially upon the two sides, upon the baseness of paying overmuch heed to material considerations, showing what, of course, we all of us recognize in theory but not all of us in prac- tice, — that it is just exactly as base to adopt an attitude of envious hatred towards those who have succeeded as it is to adopt a spirit of arrogance towards those who have failed ; and the ftiult is the same in each case ; the &ult is the inability to put one's self in his brother's place, and the inability to rise superior to the non-

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        essentials of a man's career. To flatter a mob or to cringe to the powerful, the two are not vices in contra- distinction to each other ; they are the same kind of vice, only different in their manifestations,— the dema- gogue and the courtier ; the demagogue, who for his own selfish purposes flatters one set of people; the courtier, who for his own selfish purposes flatters a single individual, are, after all, in each case two people who stand on the same mean level of baseness, each ac- cording to his lights striving to flatter power as he &n- cies he sees it, and without regard to whether he will do good even to those he flatters. To flatter a mob, or to fail to realize that each man who in the aggregate may make a mob is a man with whom we must deal; a man with something in common with ourselves, who cannot ever be made a good citizen by being crushed, but by being trained and elevated, — ^those are the lessons to be learned. Those are the lessons to be learned from Washington's own career ; Washington, who fought to make a State out of ^^ fishers and choppers and ploughmen;" Washington, who fought for indepen^^ dence and put down disorder ; Washington, who put down disorder and realized that it could only be pre- vented from recurring by righting any wrongs that had caused it ; Washington, who approached the social problems of his generation in that spirit, in the spirit which must serve as our model in approaching the social problems of this day if we are to solve them aright. Washington did his work not only because it

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        Kllii0binoton SeaauUcentennial Hnniversat^

        wa43 given him to possess genius and power, the gift of command oyer his fellows, but because it was giyen to him to possess to a marked degree the qualities that every one of us has in him if he chooses to develop them ; because his name was a synonym of honesty, of courage, and of common sense, the three qualities for the lack of which no brilliancy, no genius can atone, whether in a man or in a nation.

        Brothers, perhaps I ought to ask your pardon for having spoken to you in words which I suppose amount partly to a sermon and partly to a plea for help. My excuse is that I feel, as I am sure every man who knows anything of the real needs, governmental and social, of this country to^lay feels, that we can work out aright the problems that confront us only if men like those here, like you here, realize each of you has duties—

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        his power and in his place by his axAions the homage to Washington's career and life that is paid by the man with whom it is not lip-loyalty, but with whom it is that spirit in the heart that must bear fruit indeed.

        The Chorus then sang the Hallelujah Chorus from The Messiah.

        Brother James M. Lambebton, Past Master of Perseyeranoe Lodge, No. 21, addressed Grand Lodge :

        WASHINGTON AS A FREEMASON

        ''Our roll is resplendent with names that are im- mortal, at whose mention calumny speaks with bated breath, and there is one before which all others pale and malice is hushed : it is Washington."

        These were the concluding words of the orator * at the dedication of this Temple, in this presence, nearly thirty years ago.

        To that orator's son has been assigned the honor and duty of speaking to you on Washington as a Freemason, at this celebration of the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of his initiation into our Ancient and Honorable Fraternity, when we are favored with the presence of so many Grand Officers from Sister Jurisdictions, and particularly with the presence of our

        illustrious Brother's successor as Chief Magistrate of

        »

        * Bight WoTBbipftd Paat Grand Master Brother the Honor- able BoBiRT A. Lambsrton, LL.D., on September 26, 1873.

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        our Nation, Brother Theodore Boobeyelt, President of the United States.

        On Saturday evening, November the fourth, 1752, in the little village of Fredericksburg, in England's ancient and loyal Colony and Dominion of Virginia, at a regular stated meeting of ^^the Lodge at Fred- ericksburg," held in its Lodge-room, in the second story of the Market-House, Major George Washing- ton was made an Entered Apprentice Mason.

        The early minutes* are extremely brief, and those for November 4, 1762, give only the names of " Charles Lewis, Geobge Washington," which follow the "List of Members' Names, 1st. September 5752." We cannot tell who were the recommenders, or the committee of inquiry.

        The Market-House, long since torn down, which then stood on Main (or Caroline) Street and the present Market Alley, was of brick, the under part being used as a market, and the upper part being given up to rooms for the officials and to two larger rooms, one of which was rented by the Craft for a Lodge-room, and the other used for balls and entertainments.

        In the ledger, which is now bound up with the minute-book, under date of the following Monday, is the entry: "Nov. 6, 1752 Received from Mr. Geo Washington for his entrance £2.3^"

        The Bible upon which our Brother was obligated is

        * See illustration, page 198. 118

        ZTbe Celebration

        still carefully preserved, and, through the good offices of Most Worshipful Grand Master Kerks, of Virginia, a deputation from Fredericksburg Lodge, No. 4, has brought it to our celebration."^

        The book, seven inches wide, when closed, nine inches long, and one and one^uarter inches thick, strongly bound in leather, was printed in 1668, in .Cambridge, by John Field, printer to the University.

        In the minutes of ** 3rd March," 1753, the sole entry is, " George Washington passed a FeUow Craft."

        The minutes of " 4th August 6763, Which Day the Loge being Assembled present" eight officers and members (the names being given), read : '^ The trans* actions of the evening are George Washington raised Master Mason. Thomas James Ent'd an Apprentice."

        Formerly the Lodge at Fredericksburg was supposed to have worked under authority from the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts. Present opinion is divided between authority derived from Thomas Oxnabd, Esq., who in 1742 had been appointed by the Grand Master of England as '^Provincial Grand Master of all North America," being also '' Grand Master of the St. John's Grand Lodge of Massachusetts," and authority derived from the Grand Lodge of Scotland.

        The first dispensation or warrant is missing, but on July 21, 1758, the Lodge obtained from the Grand Lodge of Scotland a warrant which it still possesses,

        * See illuBtratioD, page 198. 110

        Kllii0bindton Seaaui^entennial Bnnivereat^

        and under which it continued to work until the Grand Lodge of Virginia was formed in 1777-78.

        In the latter part of 1752, Washington was living at Mount Vernon^ his half-brother La wbence's country place, which had been his home since he left school at the age of sixteen.

        The records of the newly created county of Culpeper, formed in 1748, show that on July 20, 1749, " George Washington, Qent, produced a commission from the President and Masters of William and Mary College, appointing him to be surveyor of this county, which was read, and thereupon he took'' the usual oaths, the appointment being due, of course, to the Fairfea influ- ence. At this time Washington was only seventeen years and five months old.

        In the most interesting and valuable Loan Exhibition of Washingtoniana, which, at the request of the Sesqui- centennial Committee, our very efficient Librarian, Brother Geobge P. Rupp, has so well prepared and arranged, No. 196 is an original survey loaned by my friend Mr. George C. Thomas, of Philadelphia, which is dated April 20, 1750, and signed ^' G. Washington, 8.C.C.," that is. Surveyor of Culpeper County.

        The CoUege of William and Mary had had bestowed upon it, by its royal charter of 1691, the office of Surveyor-Gteneral of the Colony, the yearly income of the office being about £50.

        Two years later, when he was only nineteen, Wash- ington was appointed one of the adjutants-general of

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        the Colony, with the rank of major, and a salary of £150, an appointment which was renewed later, when the military districts were reduced to four, Washing- ton being assigned to the northern district.

        In July, 1752, Lawbence Washington died, leaving Mount Vernon to "his beloyed brother George," subject to the life-interest of his widow, and his only surviying child (who died in a few months), and ap- pointing him one of his executors. Washington did not come into possession of Mount Vernon until De- cember 17, 1764, when his brother's widow (who had married Colonel Geobge Lee), in consideration of an annuity, surrendered possession of Mount Vernon. In Washington's cash account I noticed the entries of the payment of the rent for the years 1755 and 1756. He did not, however, spend much time there until after he had taken another and yery important degree, that of matrimony, at high noon, January 6, 1759.

        In the performance of his professional and military duties, and also that he might see his greatly loved mother, whose sterling character had great influence upon her distinguished son. Major Washington doubt- less frequently travelled the forty-five miles between Mount Vernon and his boyhood's home and the home of his mother then and for the next twenty-three years, opposite Fredericksburg, at "Pine Grove," as it was called in the family, but more commonly known as the " Ferry Farm," there being no bridge across the Rap- pahannock at that time. He had no need, therefore,

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        I'i-i r«n .aaiK'Ui

        V . iinfiii- ..luHtrrv.

        Zbc Celebration

        remembered that Washington was entered at the third meeting of the Lodge, ite first having been held Sep- tember 1, 1752, Old Style (just before the longest night in history, that of September 2, 1752, when people went to bed on the second of September and woke up on the 14th), and the nearest dispensing authority was no nearer than Boston (or possibly Edinburgh), and in those days it took about three weeks to go from Phila- delphia to Boston . Under all the circumstances, it is dif- ficult to believe that any dispensation was either sought for, or obtained, by the newly constituted Lodge.

        A third '^ explanation" has recently been suggested by the Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Corre- spondence of Virginia, Brother Joseph W. Egoleston, M.D., — ^namely, the '^ confusing effect of the change of the calendar," which, by the Act of 24 George IL (i.6., 1751) c* 23, went into effect in September of 1752, as just intimated.

        Brother Egoleston, in his '^ Masonic Life of Wash- ington," in the ^' Official Souvenir of the Centennial of the Death of George Washington," says, " Many of his biographers state his birth as having occurred February 11, Old Style, 1731-2, and doubtless the record being 1731, no one even thought of counting up the elapsed time, but all assumed that he was over twenty-one."

        This, it seems to me, is hardly creditable to the intelligence of our ancient Fredericksburg Brethren.

        At the time referred to our illustrious Brother, we venture to believe, had no biographers ; and what the

        TROaebinaton Seaqui^centennUil Hnniverear^

        " record" referred to above may be we cannot say, but the following is the record of the entry of Washing- ton's birth in his mother's Bible, made in his own handwriting when he was sixteen :

        " George WaahiDgton son to Augustine & Mary his Wife was Bom ye 11th Day of February 173} about 10 in the Morning, & was Baptised/' etc.

        It must be remembered, however, that the age which was regarded in Masonry as " mature" has varied in different countries at different times.

        In England, for some years prior to 1717, this age was "One and Twenty;" from the organization, in 1717, of the Premier Grand Lodge, afterwards desig- nated as " Modem," until 1767, the age was twenty- five; while under the "Ancient" Grand Lodge, so-called, from its organization in 1751 the age was twenty-five down until the Union of 1813, when the Grand Lodge of " Modems" was absorbed by the vastly greater body of the " Ancients," at which time, as has been weU said by an eminent Irish Masonic Bcholar, Brother W. J. Chetwode Ckawley, LL.D., " almost the only concession made by the 'Ancients' was the adoption of twenty-one years in place of twenty-five ; and this, trivial as it was, it is suspected would not have been conceded had not the limit of twenty-five years been found in practice inconveniently high."

        In Ireland, at least from 1730, when the Grand Lodges of Munster and Ireland united, until 1741, the

        124

        TTbe Celebtation Thee Celebration aire was twenty-one ; but in the latter year the more not changed untU after the Union had taken place in England, when, the ^'Ancients'' having agreed to twenty-one, the Grand Lodge of Ireland, which had always been in accord with the ^^ Ancients," did the same for the sake of harmony.

        In Scotland, however, from ancient times down to 1891, the age for entering was eighteen ; and when, in 1891, the age was raised to twenty-one, the ancient rule was retained for the sons of Freemasons.

        The oldest Lodge in Scotland, and in the world for that matter, the Lodge of Edinburgh (Mary's Chapel), No. 1, at Edinburgh, Scotland, January 30, 1683, at a time, indeed, when the '' Operatives" predominated, made a rule that no one under the age of twenty-one should be advanced to be a Fellow Craft or Master Mason ; and there was a law in Louisiana before the present Grand Lodge was established, and at a time when the French influence prevailed (and it is well known that in the eighteenth century French and Scottish Masonry were closely connected), that the son of a Master Mason might be initiated at eighteen, but could not be passed and raised until he was twenty-one. Whether Washington's father was or was not a Free- mason, we have no knowledge.

        Just when twenty-one became the *^ mature age" in Pennsylvania I cannot now say. In Fbanklin's Re- print of the Constitutions of 1723, published in 1734 in

        Maebinaton Seaqui^centennial Hnniverear^

        this dty (the first Masonic Book published in America), no change from twenty-five to twenty-one appears ; and it is an interesting fact that Frankun himself had just passed his twenty-fifth birthday, in the month before he was entered in St. John's Lodge in this city.

        When it is recalled that, although Washington was entered in November, he was not crafted until March 3, the first meeting after he was twenty-one, and that some at least of the Fredericksburg Brethren were of Scotch extraction, Daniel Campbell, the Master when Washington was initiated, having obtained from the Grand Lodge at Edinburgh, in 1758, ^' an ample charter," I incline to the opinion that the Lodge was originally constituted under Scottish regulations, and I believe those regulations were rigidly enforced.

        Later, November 25, 1769, the Lodge adopted twenty-one as the age for initiation.

        The Scotch regulation would iuUy explain the delay in Washington's advancement, and dispose of the suggestion that the delay was caused by a ''lack of money," a suggestion utterly lacking in probability when Washington's financial circumstances, as shown by his ledger now in the Department of State, are con- sidered. A few days after he was initiated he received £55 from the sale of some '' lotts."

        The delay in taking the second and third degrees is likewise easily understood when Washington's place of residence, forty-five miles away, and his military and professional engagements are considered.

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        Zbc (Celebration

        However, whether of Scotch constitution or not, that it was in accord with the regulations in this country, at least in Pennsylvania, that a map might be initiated before he was twenty-one, is shown conclusively by two foot-notes in the Ahiman Bezon first issued by this Grand Lodge, in 1783 ; one note providing that *^ no person be made in future under the age of twenty-one,'' and repealing the other note, which stated that twenty- one '' was a proper rule for general observation, before a person can be advanced to the sublime degree of Master Mason."

        So late as March 6, 1822, it seemed to the Grand Lodge of New York necessary, and it accord- ingly,—

        '^Ordered, That that part of the Book of Constitutions which relates to the qualifications of candidates for initiation into the mysteries of Masonry, shall be so construed, as that no person shall be entered in any Lodge under this jurisdiction who shall not have attained the age of twenty-one years."

        It is, therefore, clear that there was no irregularity whatsoever in Washington's initiation before he was twenty-one.

        Washington attended his Lodge on September 1, the next meeting after he was raised, and left in a few weeks as Governor Dinwiddie's messenger to the French, who were advancing into English territory towards the head-waters of the Ohio. He is next present January 4, 1755. Aft;er 1771, the Lodge records are missing.

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        TROaebinaton Seaqui^centennial Hnniverear^

        The oonvention, which met in 1777 to form the Grand Lodge of Virginia, recommended ** his Excel- lency General Geobge Washington as a proper person to fill the office of Grand Master/' but, as he was off with the army, he could hardly accept the office; doubtless, had he been willing to accept, Fredericksburg Lodge would eladly have chosen him as its Master, ihe^ ,™l4.g L for the high,, «.d„n.

        In the latter part of 1778, Washington and Con- gress differed strongly with regard to a plan of the latter's for a joint advance of the Americans and their new allies, the French, against the English territory ; and, at the suggestion of Washington, he left Middle- brook, New Jersey, where part of the army had gone into winter quarters, and proceeded to Philadelphia for a personal conference, which resulted in the adoption of his views.

        The Penn9ylvania Evening Past, published in this city on Monday, December 28, thus announced his arrival:

        "Last Tuesday Gsobgk Washington, Bsq., commander in chief of the army of the United States, arrived here. Too great for pomp, and as if fond of the plain and respectable rank of a free and independent citisen, his excellency came in so late in the day as to prevent the Philadelphia troop of militia light- horse, gentlemen, officers of the militia, and others of this city, from showing those marks of unfeigned regard for this good and great man, which they fully intended, and especially of receiving him at his entrance into the state, and escorting him hither."

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        99

        During the occupation of this city by the Britiah, from September, 1777, to June, 1778, the labors of our Grand Lodge were necessarily suspended, but in De- cember of 1778 work was resumed, and in several of the city papers appeared a notice, under date of De- cember 16, that a ** procession in the Masonic form'' had been ordered for Monday the 28th, ** to proceed to Christ Church, where a sermon will be preached by a reverend brother, and a collection made, amount of which will be laid out in the purchase of wood and other necessities for the relief of the poor of the city at this inclement season. There will be performances of vocal and instrumental music suitable to the solemnity of the occasion.

        The minutes of Lodge No. 3, of this city, for Decem- ber 23, 1778, show that a committee was ^' appointed to wait upon No 2 to concurr in a proper move to address his Excellency General Washington to attend the pro- cession next St. John's Day who report that the Masters elect of the different Lodges of this city do personally wait upon Bro Genl Washington and inform him of the time place and mode of the procession."

        During the trying winter at Valley Forge, some of the Pennsylvania Brethren doubtless had sat in Lodge with their distinguished Brother, if they had not pre- viously done so in an Army Lodge, of which there were ten or possibly eleven.

        The Pennsylvania Packet or the General Advertiser of Saturday, January 2, 1779, contained a full account of

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        Tnia0bin0ton Se0Qui

        the procession, which is too long to read.* About three hundred attended, the sixth in the order of the pro- cession being four deacons, bearing wands, the seventh " His Excellency our illustrious Brother Qeorge Wash- ington, Esq., supported by the Grand Master and his Deputy.'* After prayers by the Rev. Mr. White, afterwards first Bishop of Pennsylvania, and an anthem " by sundry of the brethren," Rev. Brother William Smith, D.D., preached '^ a most excellent and well- adapted sermon," which was aft;erwards printed in pam- phlet form, being dedicated to Washington, and a copy was sent to him ; and it is the second in a volume of '^Masonic Sermons," mentioned in the inventory of his estate, and now in the Boston Athenaeum. The account concludes :

        ** After divine service the procession returned in the same order to the CoUege ; the musical bells belonging to the church and the band of music playing proper Masonic tunes. The brethren being all new clothed, and the officers in their proper jewels of their respective lodges, and their other badges of dignity, made a genteel appearance.

        *' The brethren afterwards departed to their respective lodges where they dined together with their usual harmony and socia- bility ; the sum of four hundred pounds haying been collected in the church among the brethren and others, their charitable fellow-citizens who honored them with their company, for the relief of the poor.

        *'N.B. — Such charitable brethren and others who have not yet had an opportunity of contributing their mite, are requested

        * See pages 21-25. 130

        JLbc (Celebration

        to send the same to any of the following gentlemen, viz. : Messrs. William Ball, John Wood, John Howard, and William Shute, to whom objects of charity, bringing proper recommendations to the house of Mr. Ball, in Market Street, after New Year's day, between the hours of ten and twelve in the forenoon, are to apply."

        Washington left Philadelphia on Tuesday, Febru- ary 4, the Pennsylvania Packet of that date stating that ^'His Excellency's stay was rendered the more agreeable by the company of his lady, and the domestic retirement which he enjoyed at the house of Henry Laurens, Esq., with whom he resided."

        In a letter to General Schtjyleb, dated February 11, 1779, Washington wrote: "While in Philadel- phia, what between Congress and a special committee of that body, I was fiirnished with ample employment. I had few moments of relaxation."

        The Philadelphia visit was the first relief from duty he had taken since he assumed command of the army in June, 1775.

        We may well understand how the celebration of St. John's Day, together with the attentions of his Breth- ren, was a time of relaxation.

        Our Ahiman Bezon, adopted in 1781 and issued in 1783, was dedicated* to Washington, and it was the intention to print his arms as well as the '^Mason's Arms," but they did not appear ; why, is not known.

        The Grand Lodges of New York, in 1785, Virginia,

        * See pages 30 and 31. 181

        TROaebinaton Seaqui^centennial Hnniioerear^

        in 1791 9 and Massachusetts, in 1792, dedicated to him their " Book of Constitutions" or " Ahiman Rezon," the last sending him a copy with a suitable letter, to which he replied, saying, in part, —

        "To enlarge the sphere of social happiness is worthy the benevolent design of a Masonic Institution; and it is most fervently to be wished that the conduct of every member of the Fraternity, as well as those publications that discover the prin- ciples which actuate them, may tend to convince mankind that the great object of Masonry is to promote the happiness of the human race."

        American Union Lodge, an Army Lodge of the Con- necticut Line, originally warranted by the Provincial Grand Master of Massachusetts and ^^for all North America, where no other Grand Master is appointed," having removed into New York, and having had its warrant confirmed by the Provincial Deputy Grand Master of New York, under the name of Military Union Lodge (a name, by the way, the Lodge care- fully abstained from using), celebrated the Festival of St. John the Baptist, 1779, with much ceremony.

        After opening at Nelson's Point, at eight a.m., and electing oflBcers, the Lodge was closed till ten a.m. at West Point, where, being joined by a number of Brethren from other brigades, they proceeded to the *' Red House." After the Lodge had been opened, and after giving the names of those present, the old record continues :

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        Zbc (Celebration

        *' After the usual ceremonies, the Lodge retired to a bower in front of the house, where being joined by his Excellency General Washington and family, an address was delivered to the brethren and a number of gentlemen collected on the occasion by the Eev. Dr. Hitchcock, followed by an address to the brethren in par- ticular by Bro. HuU [General William Hull]. After dinner the following toasts were drank, &c. . . . His excellency Bro. Wash- ington, having returned to the barge attended by the Wardens and Secretary of the Lodge, amidst a crowd of brethren, the music playing < God save America,' embarked, his departure was announced by three cheers from the shore, answered by three from the barge, the music beating the ^ Grenadier's March.' "

        It is said that the toast of " General Washington" was first proposed at a Masonic celebration, at one held by this Lodge at Beading, Connecticut, March 25, 1779, and that from then on it became a regular Masonic toast.

        The work of the various Provincial Grand Lodges being disturbed by the war, it was not unnatural for the Brethren of the army to think of a Grand Master over all the Brethren in the United States, having in mind for that station their beloved commander.

        Such a movement seems to have originated at a meeting of American Union Lodge, held at Morris- town. New Jersey, December 16, 1779, and certainly was furthered at the meeting held on the following St. John the Evangelist's Day, and fiirther advanced at a convention of representatives of Lodges held at Mor- ristown, on February 7, 1780.

        In the mean time our Grand Lodge, after having had

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        TROaebinaton Seaqui^centennUiI Hnnii^erean?

        the matter proposed on December 20, 1779, determined, on January 13, 1780,"^ unanimously that they should now nominate " a Grand Master of Masons thro'out the United States," and "Sundry respectable Brethren being then put ih nomination it was moved that the Ballot be put for them separately, and EQs Excellency George Washington Esquire General and Commander- in-chief of the Armies of the United States being first in nomination he was balloted for accordingly as Grand Master, and Elected by the unanimous vote of the whole Lodge."

        If the tradition is true, that Washington was nomi- nated by the representatives of Lodge No. 8, then he was nominated by no less a person, strange it may seem, than John Bull, Brother Colonel John Bull, a Pennsylvanian by birth, made a Maaon in Virginia, and, at the time. Master of No. 8, or " the Pennsylvania Lodge," as it was usually called.

        The meeting of American Union Lodge on St. John the Evangelist's Day, referred to above, was a notable one. Besides its nine officers and twenty-seven mem- bers present, Washington's name stands at the head of the list of sixty-eight visitors, among them twelve Pennsylvania Brethren, including Colonel Thomas Pboctob, Master of Lodge No. 19.

        '^ The Lodge was opened [the minutes tell us] and after the usual ceremonies had been performed, the brethren formed a

        * See pages 27-29. 184

        JLbc (Celebration

        procession and proceeded to the meeting House, where a very polite discourse, adapted to the occasion, was delivered by the Bev. Doct. Baldwin, of the Connecticutt Line. After service the brethren retired in the same order of procession to the Lodge- room, where a collation was served, &c. &c. which being over,"

        the matter of a General Grand Master was taken up, as intimated above.

        An interesting correspondence * took place between our Grand Lodge and that of Massachusetts, but the project fell through, and, though repeatedly renewed, our Grand Lodge has uniformly refused to approve it.

        However, that the action of the Army Lodges and of our Grand Lodge got abroad, is shown by translations of two letters from a Lodge at Cape Francois, on the island of San Domingo, directed to General Washing- ton as Grand Master of All America, soUdting a charter, which were presented to our Grand Lodge, February 3, 1786.t The same thing is shown by a medal struck in 1797, the obverse showing the bust of Washington, with the legend " G. Washington Presi- dent. 1797,'' the reverse showing many Masonic em- blems, with the legend ''Amor. Honor. £t Justitia G. W. G. G. M." {i.e.y Geobge Washington, General Grand Master.

        This medal has generally been supposed to be of EngUd. origiB, but th«. i, re^on for Lking it the work of a member of this Grand Lodge, Brother

        * See pages 2&-30. f See page 32.

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        Maebinaton Seaqui^centennUil Hnniverear^

        Peteb Getz, for several years Master of Lodge No. 43y at Lancaster, Pa. One of these medals may be seen in the collection of Washingtoniana in our Temple.

        Still further evidence, showing how wide-spread was the belief that Washington was a Grand Master, is seen in the entry, incorrect, it is true, made by the Secretary of Barton Lodge, No. 10, at Hamilton, On- tario, in his minutes of December 12, 1800, '' that a letter was read —

        " from the Grand Secretary informing this Lodge of Commu- nication received from the Grand Lodge of Pennaylyania an- nouncing the death of the S. W. G. Master Washington, and re- questing this Lodge to go in mourning at their public and private meetings Six months."

        Many years ago there was a Lodge, No. 9, at York- town, Virginia. It is extinct now, and its records are not to be found. In 1850, Past Grand Master Scott, of Virginia, doubtless had access to information then attainable, when, on the 22d of February of that year, he said, —

        '' Washington's military labors terminated on the heights at Yorktown. In that village was Lodge No. 9, where after the siege had ended, Washington and Lafayette, Marshall and Nel- son came together, and by their union bore abundant testimony to the beautiful tenets of Masonry."

        On St. John the Evangelist's Day, Friday, Decem- ber 27, 1782, Washington attended a meeting of Solo-

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        mon's Lodge, No. 1, at Poughkeepsie, New York, of which Major Andbew Billings, a warm friend, was the Master.

        By permission of Most Worshipful Grand Master Cbandall, of New York, we have here the original minute book of that Lodge. "^

        It shows that there were only ten members and three visitors present, the first of the latter being "Bro' George Washington Com*' in Chief." " The Lodge closed till after Dinner, when the following Address was presented to his Excellency Bro' Washington."

        At this point, unfortunately, the Secretary, after writing only a few lines, suspended copying in the address, and, leaving almost a page, finished up his minutes, the Lodge f closing until Wednesday fol- lowing.

        By the courtesy of the same Most Worshipful Grand Master, we have here, in this frame, J Washington's letter to Brothers Watson and Cossoul (the former a citizen of New York, the latter of Nantes, France, together composing a mercantile firm at Nantes), acknowledging the gift of a sash and apron, which those Brethren had had made at a convent at Nan-

        * See illustration, page 198.

        t Benedict Arnold visited this Lodge on June 12, 1771, and on May 16, 1781, it was " Ordered that the Name of Benedict Arnold be considered as obliterated from the Minutes of this Lodge, a Traitor."

        X See illustration, page 198.

        137

        TROaebinoton Sceaui^^centennial Hnniverear^

        tes, the French and American flags being/ beautifully delineated on the apron along with some Masonic emblems.

        This apron is now treasured by Alexandria- Wash- ington Lodge, No. 22y of Alexandria, Virginia.

        In the frame is a lock of Washington's hair, which Washington had sent to Major Billings, in June, 1783, and ako a portrait of Washington, which the Major pronounced " the best I have seen."

        The statement has been made that two persons stated that they had been initiated when Washington acted as Master of the Lodge.

        The first of these is Brother the Mabquis be La- fayette. It has frequently been claimed that he was initU.^ i. an Ann.Win th» county, the pUc being variously stated as Valley Forge, Morristown, Newburg, and Albany.

        In spite of the claim of Past Grand Master Chay- Tou, of Delaware, based on the tradition of what La- fayette said at the time of his visit to that Grand Lodge in 1824, — ^viz., ^^ that he had been initiated at Valley Forge," — I see no good reason to doubt the statement in the Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Tennessee for 1825, when, on Wednesday, May 4, La- fayette visited that Grand Lodge, a summary of his address being given, in which it is stated,—

        " He had been, he said, long a member of the Order, having been initiated, young as he was, even before he entered the service of our country in the Eevolutionary war."

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        It may well have been that it was not until he had made himself known to Washington as a Brother Mason, not had been made a Mason, that Lafayette said, as he is reported to have said, that he did not obtain Washington's full confidence or a separate command.

        As to the other Brother, Past Grand Master Scott, on the occasion already referred to, stated :

        " There lived in 1842, in our sister State of Ohio, Capt. Hugh Maloy, then 93 years of age, who was initiated a Mason in the marquee of Washington, he officiating and presiding at the cere> mony."

        I have succeeded, with much diflSculty, in finding the military record of Lieutenant Malot, or M-u-1- 1-o-y, as he spelled his name.

        He came from Brunswick, Maine, and was promoted to be corporal, sergeant, ensign, and lieutenant succes- sively, between 1776 and 1780.

        He died near Batavia, Ohio, July 11, 1845, " without a struggle, closing his own eyes, and folding his hands on his breast."

        The name of Lieutenant MtjlIiOY is the tenth on the list of members initiated in Washington Lodge, No. 10, which was constituted November 11, 1779, at West Point, under a Massachusetts charter.

        It appears that Washington frequently visited this Lodge, which was named in his honor ; for Captain MoBES Gbeenleaf, afterwards a charter member of

        ISO

        TROaebinoton Sedqui

        Cumberland Lodge, No. 12, at New Gloucester, Maine, and one of the earliest admitted to Washington Lodge, and later its Master, frequently stated, —

        " That he had many a time commanded the Commanding Gren- eral of the armies, in the lodge-meetings : for General Washing- ton frequently attended and always came as a private memher without ceremony."

        It may well be questioned whether the Qeneral of the Army had the time to familiarize himself suffi- ciently with the work to confer a degree.

        As to Washington's having " presided at the cere- mony," perhaps the Scotch verdict will do, "Not proven."

        Brother Hugh Maloy was admitted to Cleremont Social Lodge, No. 29, at Williamsburg, Ohio, on No- vember 26, 1825.

        In 1782, some of the Alexandria Brethren, doubtless in ignorance of the formation of the Grand Lodge of Virginia (which, as a matter of fact, at that time seems to have suspended operations), under date of June 6, sent an application to the Grand Lodge of Pennsyl- vania for a warrant, which was presented at the Quar- terly Communication on September 2, 1782; but, as the proposed Master was found to be a "Modern" Mason, the warrant was not granted until February 3, 1783, by which time Brother Robert Adam, a warm personal friend of Washington, had been made an " Ancient."

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        (Tbe Celebration

        On Christmas-eye of that year Washington re- turned to Mount Vernon, having on the previous day, at Annapolis, resigned publicly his commission, to Congress, after having previously ascertained that Congress preferred that method of a personal audience to his merely sending in his resignation in writing.

        The new Lodge at once (on December 26) wrote their distinguished Brother and neighbor an appreciative letter, to which he replied on the 28th very cor- dially.

        As the General could not ^' join them in the needful business" on St. John's Day, it was proposed to give an entertainment in his honor on February 20, but it was found that would not suit Washington. However, an invitation to dine with them on the Anniversary of St. John the Baptist was promptly accepted, and the minutes of the Lodge, on June 24, 1784, show '' His Excellency, G. Washington" first among the " Visiting Members ;" and also, —

        " The Worshipful Master read a most instructive leetxu'e on the rise, progress and advantages of Masonry, and concluded with a prayer suitable to the occasion/'

        After dinner, the Brethren returned to the Lodge- room, when, the record says, —

        " The Worshipftil Master, with the unanimous consent of the brethren was pleased to admit his excellency General Washing- ton as an honorary member of Lodge No. 39. Lodge closed in perfect harmony at six o'clock."

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        HXnaebittdton Sesqui^entennial Hnniverear^

        The PennBylvania Packet or the Ghneral Advertiser , published in this city on Tuesday , July 13, 1784, con- tains the following, under the heading ^^ Alexandria, July 1:''

        " On Thursday, the 24th ult. the brethren of Lodge No. 39 met at their lodge-room to celebrate the Feetival of St. John the Baptist, where a discourse adapted to the occasion was de- livered by the worshipful master — After which they walked in procession accompanied by their illustrious brother his excel- lency general Washington, to Mr. Wise's tavern, where they dined and spent the remainder of the day in enjoyments be- coming their benevolent and respectable institution."

        In the long list of " Members of Lodge No. 39,*' in the beginning of the old minute-book, we find Wash- ington's name duly recorded as a member.

        In August of 1784, Brother the Mabqtjis de Lafay- ette made a visit to Mount Vernon, and brought with him for Washington a Masonic apron of white satin, upon which the Mabquise de Lafayette had very beautifully embroidered, with colored silks, a number of Masonic emblems, including a "mark"— a bee-hive — on the flap. This apron is now before you.*

        After Washington's death it was presented by his legatees, in 1816, to the Washington Benevolent So- ciety of Philadelphia, and when that Society dissolved, in 1829, it was presented to our Grand Lodge.

        The beautiful box which contained the apron, and

        ^ See illustration, page 198. See, also, last page of programme.

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        also a sash, was presented to Alexandria- Washington Lodge, No. 22, and having been kept with the Watson- Gossoul apron, which that Lodge so justly treasures, some have been led into thinking that that apron was the one worn by Washington when he laid the corner- stone of the National Capitol in 1793, but such is not the fact.

        Many years ago it was frequently claimed that Washington had been made a Mason in a British army Lodge. This was due, probably, to a tradition connected with the Bible which belonged to the British Forty-sixth or South Devonshire Regiment of Foot, which was in this country before and during the Revo- lutionary War. This book and its interesting history are very fully described in the second volume of the very complete "History of Canada," by my friend Brother J. Ross Robebtson, Past Grand Master of Canada ; but, as that able Brother says, —

        '< There is no collateral evidence of any kind to substantiate the statement written on a copy of the by-laws that Washing- ton was obligated on this Bible/'

        However, that Washington may have taken a de- gree, the Mark Master's, in addition to the three he took in Fredericksburg, one fact renders quite probable, — ^namely, the mark, a bee-hive, surrounded by the letters " H.T.W.S.8.T.K.S.," on the flap of the Lafay- ette apron, just referred to.

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        VOadbinoton Seeqtti^centennial Hnnivereari?

        Lafayette was, as we know, a Freemason, and doubtless knew what degrees Washington had re- ceived, and he would hardly have had his wife em- broider upon the apron something the significance of which Washington would not understand.

        Unfortunately there is great doubt, as Recording Grand Secretary Nickerson, of Massachusetts, informs me, as to the jewel supposed to have been worn by Washington in a Mark Lodge, which was shown at a Communication of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, in December, 1861.

        Aside from the facts that the earliest known record of the conferring of the Royal Arch Degree in this country is contained in the minutes of Fredericksburg Lodge of 1753, and that a pink sash, once the property of Washington, is still preserved by Alexandria- Washington Lodge, I have come upon nothing tending to connect Washington with either Royal Arch or Knight Templar Masonry.

        Under date of Saturday, February 12, 1785, 1 find in Washington's diary the following interesting entry, which I have never seen referred to in any Masonic address :

        "Eeceived an Invitation to the Funeral of Will" Eamsay

        Esq' of Alexandria — the oldest Inhabit* of the Town ; & went

        up — ^walked in procession as a free mason — M' Bamsay in his

        life time being one & now buried with the ceremony & honors

        due to one."

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        That you may see that Washington was no fair- w«*h.r Brother, I re»i what he ™tee further in hi. diary that day as to the weather :

        <* Mercury at 44 this moming — 44 at noon — and 44 at night.

        <' The Sun rose clear this moming, but it soon over cast began to snow & then to rain w** continued until 10 oclock — about noon the wind sprang up pretty fresh from the n« west & grew colder."

        In the Pennsylvania Packet or the Da/Uy Achertisery published in this city on Tuesday, March 1, 1786, under the heading of " Alexandria, February 17," is an account of the death of William Ramsay, who was the first inhabitant, and died on the 10th inst., aged sixty-nine. This account, which I found was copied from the Virginia Journal and Alexandria Advertiser of February 17, concludes as follows :

        ^'His remains were interred on the 12th. in the Episcopal Church-yard, and attended by a very numerous and respectable Company, preceded by the Brotherhood of Free Masons in Pro- cession, with the solemnities usual on such occasions."

        The convention which framed the Constitution of the United States met in this city in May, 1787, and Wash- ington, a delegate from Virginia, records in his diary on the 26th, " By unanimous vote I was called up to the Chair as President of the body."

        A few weeks later, on June 18, our Grand Lodge,* at the Quarterly Communication, ordered that the Grand

        * See page 32. 145

        Ma0bindton Seeaui^entennial Hnnivereari^

        Master and the Deputy Grand Master should present '^ to his excellency Gen Washington the present Book of Constitution."

        This book, handsomely bound in red morocco, and '^elegantly gilt/' with a morocco label suitably in- scribed on the inside of the cover, is the one hundred and fortieth item in the inventory of Washington's property.

        It was left to Judge Bushbod Washington, the General's nephew, and descended to Mr. Lawbence Washington, of Alexandria, and was sold at auction at Thomas's, in this city, in 1876, to the late Dr. Robebt CoLTON Davis, of Philadelphia, for eight dollars, and, on his death, it was bought by the late John R. Bakeb, Sr., for fifty dollars.

        At the Baker sale, in this city, in 1891, it was sold for four hundred and twenty dollars to the late Mr. John Nicholas Bbown, of Providence, Rhode Island, by whose trustees it was recently given, with his library, to Brown University, at Providence. By the courtesy of the trustees we have been able to procure these photographs.*

        Two efforts to arouse sufficient interest to obtain this most interesting volume for our Grand Lodge, failed through an indifference which seems inexplicable.

        The Provincial Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania having closed forever on Monday, September 26, 1786, and the

        * See illustration, page 198. 146

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        present Grand Lodge having been duly opened on the same day (as the original minutes show clearly), it be- came necessary for the Lodges under its jurisdiction to take out new warrants.

        Lodge No. 39, having received notice to that effect, and having heard that there was a Grand Lodge at Bichmond, in their own State, decided to make inquiries as to the regularity of the Richmond Grand Lodge, and its terms for a charter.

        Being in Bichmond (it was a long journey in those days to go there from Alexandria), Brother William Hunter, a member of No. 39, visited the Grand Lodge of Virginia, at its " grand half yearly stated Commu- nication," held on April 28, 1788, and, knowing the feeling of his Brethren, applied for a charter, which that day was granted, as the minutes show.

        On Brother Hunter's return, he evidently told what he had done, for at the next meeting of the Lodge, on May 29, it did four things : first, it voted unanimously to apply for a charter to the Grand Lodge of Virginia, of whose regularity the Brethren had been satisfied ; secondly, it thanked Brother Hunter for his " atten- tion paid to the interest of the Lodge in applying for a charter to the Grand Lodge of Virginia ;" thirdly, it

        '' proceeded to the appointment of Master and Deputy Master to be recommended to the Grand Lodge of Virginia, when George Washington, Esq., was unanimously chosen Master; Bobert McCrea, Deputy Master, Wm. Hunter, Jun. Senior Warden and Jno. Allison Junior Warden ;"

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        VOadbinoton ScsQui'^centennial Hnnivereari?

        and, fourthly, it appointed two committees (Brother HuNTEB being on both), one to "wait on General Washington and inquire whether it will be agreeable to him to be named in the charter/' and one to apply to the Grand Lodge at Richmond for the charter.

        Nothing seems to have been done during the summer except to obtain Washington's consent, but, at the meeting held October 25, a committee was again ap- pointed to make application for the charter, " agreeable to the former order of this Lodge," and immediately following the minutes of the next meeting, on Novem- ber 22, is recorded a copy of the application, in which is the following :

        " The Brethren of Lodge No. 39, Ancient York MaBons, . . . under a warrant from the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania . . . have at sundry preceding meetings resolved to ask your hon- orable society for a new warrant, which has already been com- municated to you by letter, and also by our Brother Hunter personally, who hath obtained an entry of this Lodge on your minutes. . . .

        " It is also the earnest desire of the members of this Lodge that Brother George Washington, Esq., should be named in the charter as Master of the Lodge."

        At the regular meeting in December, the time of the annual election, the new charter had not arrived, and accordingly Lodge No. 39, as its minutes show, held its election, and it not being then the custom in Pennsyl- vania to choose a Deputy Master (the early records of Lodges Nos. 1 and 2, warranted in Philadelphia in

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        (Tbe Celebration

        1758, tell MB that they had Deputy Masters in the first two or three years of their existence) , the minute show: "His Excellency George Waahington, unanimously elected Master, Bobert McCrea Senior Warden," etc.

        It will thus be seen, a fact I have not seen stated before, that not only was Washington elected the Charter Master of Lodge No. 22, on the roll of the Grand Lodge of Virginia, but was also the last duly elected Worshipful Master of Lodge No. 39 on the roll of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania ; and he was con- sequently a member, certainly a member-elect, of this Grand Lodge. There is, therefore, ample justification, if any were necessary, for this celebration by this Grand Lodge.

        This election of Washington, though unusual, he not haying served as a Warden, may be justified under the provision which is made in the Ahiman Rezon for " extraordinary cases.'*

        Before the Lodge closed, it was resolved that the Brethren should dine together on the 27th (St. John the Evangelist's Day), and " that his Excellency Gen- eral Washington be invited," but that Brother did not attend, his diary showing that he was at home all day.

        The last meeting of Lodge No. 39, Pennsylvania, was held on January 20, 1789, and the first of Lodge No. 22, Virginia, on February 21, 1789, by which time the charter, which was issued as of April 28, 1788, had arrived, as the minutes show. The charter, which was signed by Edmund Bandolph, who was

        149

        Ma0bindton Sesqui^entennial Hnnivereari?

        GK)vernory as well as Grand Master, of Virginia, names "our illustrious and well beloved Brother George Washington Esquire, late general and commander-in- chief of the forces of the United States," and the three other Brethren recommended by the Lodge.

        Under this charter the Lodge still continues to work, the name haying been changed to Alexandria- Washington Lodge in 1805, at which time the records of the Grand Lodge of Virginia record the statement that the Lodge had had Wabhingtok as its first Master ; and we are glad to have with us at our cele- bration some of the officers of that good old Lodge, once our daughter.

        The fact that a Deputy Master was appointed, some- thing not done in Virginia before or since, as Grand Secretary Careinqton, of Virginia, informs me, shows that Washington was not expected to attend the meetings regularly ; and, in harmony with this, it is to be noted that in the return of the Lodge to the Grand Lodge of Virginia, which was made in December just before his death, Washington is not recorded as a Past Master.

        It must also be recalled that at this time Washing- ton was fifty-six years of age, and a man of very regular manner of living, rising early, dining at three o'clock, and retiring to rest at nine ; and the place of meeting of his Lodge was ten miles from his residence.

        The minutes of the Lodge, which are the best evi- dence, do not show Washington's presence in the

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        Lodge, either during his year of office or subeequently ; but it was an easy matter for his personal friend, Brother Dr. E. C. Dick, the retiring Master of No. 39 and the second of No. 22, or for Brother Bobbbt McCbea, the Deputy Master, who was a Past Master of No. 39, to give to Washington such information as it was neces- sary for him to receive, and to administer the usual oZgation. These minute« are seemingly complete with one exception. The minutes of December 24,

        1796, close the first volume, and those of April 22,

        1797, are the first recorded in the second volume, quite a large number of blank pages being left for the copy- ing in of the minutes of the early meetings of the year. Fortunately, we have ample evidence of Wash- ington's presence in the Lodge on April 1, 1797, to which reference will be made later. This gives fibrm foundation for the statement of the old Tyler, which has been handed down to us, that he had ^' tyled that door with Washington sitting in the East." The Master's chair, which was a gift from Washington, is carefully preserved, and is still in use.

        Washington set out from Mount Vernon on the 16th of April, 1789, for New York, arriving on the 23d ; but his inauguration as President of the United States did not take place until the 30th, as the Federal Hall, at the northeast corner of Nassau and Wall Streets, at the head of Broad Street, was not ready. Shortly before the ceremonies were to begin, it was found that there was no suitable Bible at hand upon

        151

        TKOaebinoton Seequi^centennial Hnniveraan?

        which to take the oath of office. It happened that one of the aids of Colonel Mobgan Lewis, the chief mar- shal of the day, was Major Jacob Mobton, who was Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of New York, and also Master of St. John's Lodge, No. 1, which held its meetings in the City Assembly Rooms near by, on Broadway (No. 116, where the Boreel Building now stands), and he sent a messenger for the Lodge's Bible and the cushion upon which it rested, and upon this sacred volume Washington for the first time took the oath as President, which was administered to him by the Chancellor of the State of New York, Brother the Honorable Bobebt B. Livingston, who was at that time Bight Worshipfiil Grand Master of Masons of New York.

        Through the kind offices of Most Worshipful Grand Master Cbandall, of New York, a deputation from St. John's Lodge, No. 1, has brought this volume "^ to our celebration.

        On March 6, 1789, Holland Lodge (now No. 8), of New York City, elected Washington an honorary member " in consideration of the Masonic virtues which distinguished him."

        In this city, before Washington's inauguration, there were great differences of opinion as to his election among many, and especially among the members of Lodge No. 2, which resulted in its warrant being sur-

        * See illustration, page 198. 152

        Zhc Celebration

        rendered; but, at the Quarterly Communication in June, the warrant was re-granted to those of the Brethren who had favored Washington, and the Lodge flourishes to this day.

        In the summer of 1790, Washington made a tour through the New England States, and at Newport, Rhode Island, among the many addresses presented to him, was one from King David's Lodge, to which he made a cordial reply, from which I quote : *

        '< Being persuaded that a just application of the principles on which the Masonic Fraternity is founded, must be promotive of private virtue and public prosperity, I shall always be happy to advance the interests of the Society, and to be considered by them as a deserving Brother." (As printed in the Newport Seraldy Thursday, August 26, 1790.)

        In May of 1791, Washington made a tour through the Southern States, and in Charleston received an ad- dress from the Grand Lodge of South Carolina, which was '^ Done in behalf of the Grand Lodge. M. Gist, a M."

        I make two quotations from Washington's reply : " I recognize with pleasure my relations to the Breth- ren of your Society ;" and " I shall be happy on every occasion to evince my regard for the Fraternity."

        Greneral Mobdecai Gist, once a member of our Grand Lodge, was an officer who had had a distin-

        * The address and the reply in flill will be found at pages 363 and 364.

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        VOasbinoton Seequi^centennial Hnniveraan?

        guished career in the Revolutionary War, and was a great admirer of Washington. His devotion to the cause of Independence may be imagined from the fact that he left to survive him two sons, the older named " Independent," and the younger " States."

        On St. John the Evangelist's Day, December 27, 1791, a "General CJommunication" * of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania was held, which was different from the usual Quarterly and Annual Grand Commu- nications, to which none were admitted save members of Grand Lodge, except in rare cases.

        This was done on the recommendation of the Com- mittee on Charity ("commonly called the Stewards' Lodge"), which in those days had more power than the name would imply, they recommending that " a general Communication and feast" be held, part of the price of the ticket to be taken for the relief of the poor.

        On the morning of St. John's Day, after " the Revd. Brother Dr. William Smith addressed the Brethren in an oration suitable to the Grand Day," a committee was appointed to prepare an address " to our illustrious Bro. George Washington, President of the United States," and Grand Lodge was adjourned until January 2, to receive the report of the committee.

        Fenno's Oazette of the United States^ published in this city on Saturday, December 31, 1791, contains the following :

        See page 32. 164

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        *^ Taesday last being the anniversary of St. John the Evan- gelist, an elegant Oration was delivered at the Lodge Boom, the comer of Arch and Fifth-Street, by the Bev. Brother Smith, and the following persons were installed Grand Officers for the ensuing year. [Here the names are given.]

        << After which the feast of St. John was celebrated at Mr. Oeller's Hotel, and a liberal collection of charity for the poor of the institution was made and the following toasts were given :"

        Here follow seven, the second one being, " All the Mason's round the globe," and the fourth, "Our illustrious brother Washington. [3 times 3 and 3 huzzas.]"

        During his Presidential term Washington rented and lived in the house of Robert Mobbis, the finest private residence in the city ; Lobb Howe had lived there during the British occupation. It was a large double house of brick, three stories high, standing by itself on the south side of the High or Market Street, sixty feet east of Sixth, and was No. 190.* It was torn down in 1833, and three houses were erected on the site, and on the middle one. No. 528 Market Street, the Pennsylvania Society of Sons of the Revolution, in 1897, placed a suitable tablet.

        In the dining-room in the rear of the first floor, a room about thirty feet long, with his back to the fire- place, Washington was accustomed to receive; and here, doubtless, his hair powdered and gathered behind in a silk bag, wearing coat and breeches of black velvet,

        * See illuBtration opposite. 166

        TKOaebinoton Sesqui^centennial Hnniveraan?

        white or pearl-colored vest, and yellow gloves, with cocked hat under his arm, with silver knee- and shoe- buckles, and a long sword, with finely wrought and glittering steel hilt, the coat worn over it and its scab- bard of polished white leather, Washington received his Brethren at noon on Monday, January the 2d, the Grand Lodge having been opened at nine that morning and the proposed address read and approved. I regret that the time is lacking to read either the answer or the address."^

        I am of the opinion that the shortness of the answer, which the nJBwspapers of the day say " the President was pleased to give," may be accounted for by the shortness of the time he had had in which to prepare it, for it was the custom in those days for a copy of the address to be transmitted beforehand, so that a suitable reply might be prepared*

        The following, under the heading of " Georgetown, Sept. 7," appeared in the New York Journal and Pa- triotic RegistcTj published in New York, Saturday, September 21, 1793 :

        "The capitol is in progression: the south-east is yet left vacant; that corner-stone is to be laid with the assistance of the Brotherhood, on the 18th inst. Those of the Craft however dispersed are requested to join the work ; the solemnity is ex- pected to equal the occasion, the preceding day the sale of the lots in the city commences."

        * The address and the reply will be found at pages 31 and 32.

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        It may be noted, in paasing, that on April 15, 1791, Brother Dr. E. C. Dick, the Worshipful Master of Alexandria Lodge, No. 22, with the assistance of the Brethren, had laid the corner-stone of the District of Columbia, or " the Federal District," as it was first called, the stone being located at the southeast corner, at Jones's Point.

        On September 18, besides the Grand Lodge of Mary- land, the Lodges taking part were Potomac, then No. 9, now No. 5, Alexandria, No. 22, and the Brethren of Federal City Lodge, No. 15, a charter for whose con- stitution had been granted a few days before, in '^ all their elegant Badges and Cloathing."

        The President was supported on the left by the Grand Master pro tenvpore^ and on the right by the Master of No. 22.

        A silver plate had been prepared on which, in addi- tion to the names of the Commissioners, Grand Master, etc., was this inscription :

        " This South Bast Comer Stone, of the Capitol of the United States of America in the City of Washington, was laid on the 18th day of September, 1793, in the Thirteenth year of American Independence, in the first year of the second term of the Presi- dency of George Washington, whose virtues in the civil adminis- tration of his country have been as conspicuous and beneficial, as his Military valour and prudence have been usef\\il in estab- lishing her liberties, and in the year of Masonry 5793, by the President of the United States, in concert with the Orand Lodge of Maryland, several Lodges under its jurisdiction, and Lodge No. 22, from Alexandria, Yirginia "

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        miaabinoton Seequi^entennial Hnnii^eraan^

        ''The Plate [bo states the Maryland Gazette, of Annapolis, dated Thursday, September 26] was then delivered to the Presi- dent, who attended by the Grand Master P. T. and the three most WorshipAil Masters, descended to the Cavazion trench — and deposed the plate, and laid on it the Comer Stone of the Capitol of the United States of America, on which was deposed Corn, Wine and Oil; then the whole congregation joined in reverential prayer, which was succeeded by Masonic Chaunting Honours, and a volley from the Artillery."

        After the Brethren had returned to their places, the Grand Master pro tempore^ Brother Joseph Clark, who was the Bight Worshipful Junior Grand Warden of the Grand Lodge of Maryland, "elevated on a triple rostrum," delivered an oration fitting the occa- sion, in which he referred to " this designed magnifi- cent Temple, the capitol of our extensive and populous states of veteran republics ; states which were recovered, settled, and permanently established by the virtuous achievements and bravery of our illustrious brother and benevolent friend of Mankind, George Washington."

        "The ceremony ended in prayer, Masonic Chaunting, Hon- ours, and a 15 Volley from the Artillery,*' — i.e., a national salute.

        "The whole company retired to an extensive booth, where an ox of 500 pounds weight was barbecued, of which the company generally partook, with every abundance of other recreation."

        On that occasion Washington wore the apron made by the Mabquise de Lafayette, now before you. The gavel, made by one of the workmen, was presented to Washington, and by him to Columbia Lodge, No. 19,

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        Maryland, now Potomac Lodge, No. 6, District of Co- lumbia, and, through the good offices of Most Worship- fiil Grand Master Seaton, of the District of Ciolumbia, a deputation of that Lodge has brought it to our cele- bration.*

        It will be recalled that it was used in laying the corner-stones of this Temple and the new State Capitol atHarrisburg.

        In the Jfew York Journal and Patriotic Register^ published in New York, on Saturday, October 19, 1793, 1 came upon the following :

        " Extract of a letter from a gentleman in Baltimore to his friend in this city.

        " * I have just returned from a tour of the city of Washing- ton, and assure you that I am highly pleased with the activity which pervades all ranks in forwarding the several buildings, I was present when his illustrious excellency, the President of the United States, laid the first stone of (not equal to our St. James's) Capitol. The masonic procession was brilliant, and impressed my mind with an idea, that whatever is mysterious is majestic ; I hope the republicans of the northern states will not take um- brage at the circumstance of having the federal ****** founded by free masons. Why should prejudice be nourished because this or that society or order of men, had the honor of laying the foundation of a ?*

        V M

        In 1794, a painter named Williams, after having heen refused permission by Washington, was allowed to paint a portrait of him on the request of Alexandria

        ^ See illustration, page 198. 169

        TKOaebinoton Sesqui^entennial Hnniveraan?

        Lodge. Thii3 portrait, or a copy of it, is now a cher- ished possesBion of the Lodge. Washington is repre- sented as wearing the collar and jewel of a Past Master and an apron, on the flap of which is an eye irradiated. A picture of it is in our Loan Collection.

        With regard to this portrait, if the engraving is accurate which is given in '^ Washington and his Ma- sonic Compeers," by Brother Sidney Hayden (late a member of this Grand Lodge, to whom great gratitude is due for gathering together so much that is of the greatest interest about our illustrious Brother), Mr. W. S. Bakeb, in his " Engraved Portraits of Washington," says that it ^' is such a feeble attempt, almost amount- ing to a caricature, that we are not surprised at the refusal of the Lodge to pay the painter of it, any more than his travelling expenses."

        The minutes * of our Grand Lodge of December 27, 1793, show that two Brethren were

        " requested to wait on His Excellency, Bro. George Washington, with the compliments of the Day, and respectful Thanks of the Grand Lodge for his generous donation to the poor."

        We do not know the amount of the donation, but we may possibly form some idea from the fact that a few days later, January 1, 1794, Washington sent to Bishop White two hundred and fifty dollars for the poor, having on the previous day written confidentially to the Bishop, ^^to obtain information and to render

        * See page 35* 160

        • «»

        • •• ft

        'HE GRAND LODOE OF

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        the little I can afford without ostentation or mention of my name are the sole objects of these inquiries."

        September 19, 1796, Washington issued his " Fare- well Address," announcing his determination not to accept a re-election to the Presidency,

        At the Quarterly Communication of our Grand Lodge in December following, a committee was ap- pointed '^ to frame an Address to be presented on the ensuing Feast of St. John, Dec. 27th, to the Great Master Workman, our Illustrious Bro. Washington on the occasion of his intended retirement from Public Labor."

        The address was prepared and approved, and, the committee haying ascertained from Washington when it would be convenient, a large deputation waited upon him, on Wednesday, the 28th, at noon, and presented the address, to which, aa the Philadelphia Gazette of Thursday, the 29th, says, *^ the President was pleased to reply.'^

        That reply is now before you, just as he wrote and read it.*

        It is difficult in these days to realize that Washing- ton had his detractors and slanderers, not only as to his personal or private character, but also as to his public character. With regard to the charges of per- sonal irregularity, supported though they once were by

        * See illuBtration oppoBite. The address and the reply will

        be found at pages 36-37.

        lei

        vnadbindton Seequi'^entennial Bnniverean?

        a clergyman's word, fortunately we know the sources from which such charges are derived, and how utterly and entirely fiftlse they are.

        With regard to his political or public character, he was charged with being avaricious and arbitrary ; that his character was founded on false appearances, which could only be respected while it was not known ; and that he was without skill as a soldier. I quote a single sentence from a communication in the Auroray published in this city on March 6, 1797, referring to the 4th just passed, when he had retired from the Presidency.

        '^ Every heart in unison with freedom and happiness of the people, ought to beat high with exultation that the name of Washington ceases this day to give currency to political inquiry and to legalize corruption."

        Charges such as these, made, it should always be remembered, against one who served his country, whether as general or President, without one cent of remuneration, were very galling to a man of Washing- ton's temperament, and he heartily appreciated the assurances he received from his Masonic Brethren of their respect and confidence.

        The Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, on March 21, 1797, adopted an address which they sent to Washing- ton with regard to his retirement from public labor, and from his reply I quote :

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        " My attachment to the Society of which we are members, will dispose me always to contribute my best endeavours to promote the honor and interest of the Craft."

        A few days after his return to Mount Vernon, in March, 1797, a committee of Alexandria Lodge waited upon him, with an address and an invitation to dine with them.

        The invitation was accepted, and Saturday, April 1, was designated as the time.

        ClaypooFs American Daily Advertiser ^ published in this city, on Tuesday, April 11, 1797, contains the following :

        ^* Alexandria, April 4, '^In consequence of an invitation from the Ancient York Masons of Alexandria Lodge No. 22, to General Washington, he joined the Brethren on Saturday last, when the following address was delivered to which he made the subjoined reply. After which the Lodge went in procession fi:t)m their room to Mr. Abert's tavern, where they partook of an elegant dinner pre- pared for the occasion, at which the utmost harmony and unanimity prevailed."

        The address and reply are then given; from the latter I quote the concluding sentence :

        '' And the assurance you give me of your belief that I have acted upon the square in my public capacity, will be among my principal enjoyments in this terrestrial Lodge."

        There were nine toasts, the eighth being, ^^ Masons' wives, and Maaons' bairns, and all who wish to lie in Masons' arms."

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        miasbindton Seaquii^entennial Hnnivereari?

        The account concludee :

        " By Brother Washington

        '^The Lodge at Alexandria and all Masons throughout the world.

        " After he had retired,

        ^^ Our most respected brother George Washington was drank with all Masonic honours."

        Washington returned to Mount Vernon under an escort of mounted troops of the town.

        This tribute of affection and regard from his neigh- bors and Brethren was very pleasing to Washington. In the oration which Brother Dr. E. C. Dick delivered at the memorial service held by the two Lodges of Alexandria, on February 22, 1800, the day recom- mended by Congress, he said, —

        " The last time we met to offer our salutations and express our inviolable attachment to the venerable sage, on his retiring from the Chief Magistracy of the Union, you may remember that, in telling you how peculiarly grateful were your expres- sions, the visible emotions of his great soul had almost deprived him of the power of utterance."

        In 1798, our relations with France became so strained that war seemed imminent, and Washington was duly nominated and confirmed as Ueutenant-general and commander-in-chief, being commissioned July 4.

        It was understood that he was not to leave home until necessity required it. In November, he set out for Philadelphia to confer on the subject of military

        164

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        preparations. On his arrival in Baltimore, on the 7th, he was presented with a copy of the ''New Ahiman Rezon," recently adopted by the Grand Lodge of Maryland, together with a complimentary address, to which he made a very patriotic reply, which I regret I cannot read to you entirely. I quote one sen- tence:

        " So far as I am acquainted with the principles and doctrines of Freemasoniy, I conceive them to be founded on benevolence, and to be exercised for the good of mankind ; I cannot, there- fore, upon this ground withdraw my approbation fi:t)m it."

        It is well known that during the French Revolution religion was dethroned, and reason installed in the p J of Deitj. The ,pre«ling of »cl. doetrm« ™a by many ascribed to the " Uluminati," who were sup- posed to be Masons. During this period clubs like the Jacobin Clubs in France were formed in this country, and the spread of these doctrines was greatly feared, especially by the clergy, and in 1798 one of them, the Rev. G. W. Snydeb, of Fredericktown, Maryland, wrote to Washington, sending at the same time a book entitled " Proofis of a Conspiracy," etc., by John Robinson, the conspiracy being " to overturn all government and all religion."

        Mr. Snydeb then wrote :

        " Upon serious reflection I was led to think that it might be within your power to prevent the horrid plan fi:t)m corrupting the brethren of the English lodges over which you preside."

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        miasbinoton Seaquii^entennial Hnnivereari?

        (It will be recalled that the medal with " G,W. G.G.M/' upon it had appeared the year before.)

        Wabhington, in acknowledging the gift, after ex- plaining his delay in replying, owing to '^ a multiplicity of matters/' and his weakness after a fever, corrects the error the clergyman had '^ run into, of my presiding over the English Lodges in this country," adding :

        ''The fact is I preside over none, nor have I been in one more than once or twice within the last thirty years. I believe, notwithstanding that [not merely the English Lodges, but] none of the lodges in this country are contaminated with the principles ascribed to the society of the Illuminati"

        Washington was nothing if not accurate ; when he spoke of English Lodges, he intended English Lodges, and not American Lodges. Before the Revolution, " within the last thirty years," he had visited several English Lodges, but it is well known that he often visited American Lodges. English Lodges, when Washington wrote, meant Lodges holding under the Grand Lodge of England, and we have the same thing to-day on this continent; for in the Jurisdiction of Quebec there are still three Lodges which hold under the mother Grand Lodge of England, the Lodges not having been as yet willing to (though the prospect now is bright that they will soon) consent to acknowledge the Grand Lodge having jurisdiction over the territory in which they live; so that Quebec has English Lodges as well as Quebec Lodges.

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        That Washington did not propose to allow his Masonic Brethren to rest under any wrong imputation is evident from a second letter which he wrote to Mr. Snydeb, in reply to one from him which cannot be found.

        In this letter Washington says, —

        " It was not my intentioD to doubt that the doctrines of the lUuminati, and the principles of Jacobinism had not spread in the United States. On the contrary, no one is more fhlly satisfied of the fact than I am.

        " The idea I meant to convey was, that 1 did not believe that the lodges of Freemasons in this country had, as societies, en- deavored to propagate the diabolical tenets of the former, or the pernicious principles of the latter, if they are susceptible of separation."

        That individual Masons may have done so, he said, was not to be questioned.

        On Saturday, December 14, 1799, shortly before midnight, after a very brief illness, Washington entered into life eternal.

        In those days there was neither telegraph nor tele- phone, and the sad news spread slowly.

        Mr. Tobias Leab, the General's private secretary, in the careftiUy kept record of those sad days, under date of Monday the 16th, writes :

        " Information being received from Alexandria that the Mili- tary, Free Masons, &c. were determined to show their respect to

        167

        miasbindton SeeQuWentennial Hnnivereari?

        the memory of the General by attending his body to the grave — measures were taken to make provision for the refreshment of a large number of people, as some refreshment wd be expected."

        The funeral took place on Wednesday aflternoon about four o'clock.

        On the ornament at the head of the coffin were in- scribed the words " Surge ad Judicium," and below it " Gloria Deo/' and on a silver plate " Gteneral Gteorge Washington departed this life, on the 14th December 1799 ^t. 68."

        We have an account of the funeral written by a Brother Mason ; it was printed in the Boston Oolumr- Man Oentmel and Massachusetts Federalist^ of Wednes- day, January 1, 1800, as follows :

        *' A correspondent at Alexandria, under date of the 19th has communicated to the Bditor the following interesting particu- lars of the last moments and funeral of him whose exit has filled an empire with tears. — Yesterday I attended the Funeral of the Saviour of our country, at Mount Yernon ; and had the honor of being one of those who carried his Body to the vault. He was borne by military gentlemen and brethren of our lodge, of which he was formerly Master. I enclose a sketch of the Procession. To describe the scene is impossible. The coffin bore his Sword and Apron ; and the Members of the Lodge walked as mourners. As I helped to place the body in the vault, and stood at the door while the funeral service was per- forming, I had the best opportunity of seeing the countenances of all. Every one was affected, but none so much as his domes- tics of all ages."

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        The procession was formed, and moved as follows :

        Cavalry, ^

        Infantry, > With arms reversed.

        Guard, J

        Music.

        Clergy.

        The General's horse, with his saddle, hokters, and pistols.

        The Corpse. PaU-beuen. j \\ FaU-beuen.

        Colonel Little. / \\ Colonel Payne.

        Colonel Marsteller. / \\ Colonel Bamsay.

        Colonel Gilpin. / \\ Colonel Simms.

        Mourners.

        Masonic Brethren.

        Citizens.

        The pall-bearers, with the exception of Colonel Masstelleb, were members of Alexandria Lodge, No. 22, whose Master, Brother Dr. E. C. Dick, and Chaplain, Rev. Brother James Muib, D.D., performed the faneral ceremonies of the Craft, after the Rev. Thomas Davis had read the burial service of the Episcopal Church.

        A salute was fired by the military, the sun of the short winter day went down, and darkness spreieid over the scene.

        It is to be remembered that dual membership is still permissible in Virginia, and it is an interesting fact that Washington's death waa reported to the Grand Lodge of Virginia, not by Alexandria Lodge, but by

        169

        miasbindton Seequi^entennial Hnnivereari?

        old Fredericksburg Lodge, in which he had been en- tered more than forty-seven years before,

        Washington's remains were undisturbed until Oc- tober 7, 1837, when they were removed to their present receptacle, a block of white Pennsylvania marble, the gift of Brother John Stbuthees, of this city.

        Time fails to tell of the part taken by this Grand Lodge in the funeral ceremonies in this city held under the direction of Congress, and of the ceremonies participated in by Grand and Subordinate Lodges throughout the country, on February 22, 1800, that day having been recommended by Congress for general observance.

        The Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, in January, 1800, requested from Mrs. Washington a lock of the General's hair, which she sent, and which is carefully preserved in a small gold urn, the handiwork of Past Grand Master Brother Paul Beyebe, of Revolution- ary fame, and Most Worshipful Grand Master Galla- gher, whose eloquent words have so delighted us, has brought this precious relic to our celebration.*

        Mention must not be omitted here of what was once regarded as an important state paper. It is styled,—

        " Yindication | of | General Washington | from the stigma | of adherence to | Secret Societies | by | Joseph Bitner | Governor of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, | communicated | by | request of the House of Bepresentatives, to that Body, | on the 8th of March, 1837."

        * See illustration, page 198. See, also, page 104.

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        It states that, —

        ** The wide-trumpeted misfortune of his early youth, in be- coming a Freemason, has tended more to fasten upon us the evils of that society than all the jealous spirit of equality," and '^ even the practical renunciation of the last thirty-one years of his life, and his latest and most solemn precepts on the subject of lawless combinations, have failed to atone for his early indis- cretion or to remove the danger."

        Governor Ritneb thought that in Washington's Farewell Address that statesman referred to the Ma- sonic Fraternity when he spoke of the danger of " all combinations and associations, under whatever plausi- ble character, with the real design to direct, control, counteract, or awe, the regular deliberations and actions of the constituted authorities."

        After making some further quotations from the address, the Governor continues :

        "It will be perceived that Washington here makes no ex- press mention of Freemasonry. It would have been undignified in him to have alluded by name to any particular society ; espe- cially to one whose bloated existence was even then marked with its own destruction, although it could count back to a bar- room birth in an obscure tavern of London, in the year 1717, and whose only chance of immortality would be such mention by him, as loathsome insects are sometimes found preserved in the purest amber."

        Neither Washington nor Grand Master Smith seemed to have had any such idea, when the latter pre-

        171

        miasbinoton Seaaui^entennial Hnnipereari?

        sented the address of our Grand Lodge, December 28, 1796, referring to the Farewell Address as ^^ an inval- uable legacy," only a few months after the Farewell Address had been delivered.

        The "Vindication," while most illogical and mis- leading, as well as untrue in many of its statemente, is entertaining reading.

        After Washington's death, among the articles found "in the study" were "1 Japan Box containing a Mason's Apron," which was appraised at forty dollars (whether this was the Lafayette or the Watson & Cos- soul apron, cannot now be told), and " 1 piece of Oil- cloth containing the Orders of Masonry," appraised at fifty dollars. How this floor-cloth or " Lodge" came into Washington's possession, and what became of it, are not known.

        Among his books were the Pennsylvania " Ahiman Rezon," appraised at one dollar ; the Maryland " New Ahiman Rezon," appraised at one dollar and fifty cents, possibly on account of its richer binding ; the Massachusetts " Constitutions," appraised at one dol- lar ; a volume of " Masonic Sermons," appraised at fifty cents (the three preceding are now in the Boston Athenaeum), and five volumes of the Sentimental and Masonic Magazine^ from July, 1792, to December, 1794, published in Dublin, Ireland, by " John Jones sole Proprietor," and sent by him with a compliment- ary letter, dated January 25, 1796, in which he states his intention of prefixing a portrait of the President,

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        '^ executed by an Irish artist in an elegant manner/' to the sixth volume, and dedicating it to His Excel- lency; and he hopes "that that liberty will not be deemed too presumptuous." They are now in the library of Bishop John F. Huest, of Washington,

        D. C.

        The June, 1795, number of the magazine, accord- ingly, is " embellished" with " a portrait of his Excel- lency Gteorge Washington, supported by emblematic Figures," one of which, Justice, wears a Masonic apron, upon which are depicted the square and com- passes. In the foreground is an open book, with " Vide Aude Tace" on the right-hand page, and the letter "G," irradiated, on the left. The name of the en- graver is not given. At the top is " Engraved for the Masonic Magazine." *

        The Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania has alwiays honored Washington, and its roll contains no less than six Lodges named in his honor; and in this Jurisdiction, when a Table Lodge is opened, one of the three regular toasts is " The Memory of our Deceased Brother Geobge Washington."

        In 1850, our Grand Lodge appropriated the sum of five hundred dollars to procure a block of white Penn- sylvania marble for the Washington National Monu- ment at Washington, D. C, and this block, suitably and beautifully carved, you may see at the landing one

        * See illustration opposite. 173

        Vdlaebinoton Seequi'^centennial Hnnivereari?

        hundred and eighty feet from the ground. We have these photographs of it."^

        In the time at my disposal it is not possible to refer to all the good qualities which characterize the good man and the good Mason such as were found in Wash- ington. I speak of but one, charity.

        In looking oyer his cash accounts^ so many of which are preserved, I was interested to find so often the entry "For charity." I quote a few entries between the years 1756 and 1760 : " By cash to a crippled man 5/." " By cash gave a man who had his house burnt £1.'' "By a beggar Woman 5/." "By cash given to the Charity sermon £1-1-3." " By cash gave for the suf- ferers at Boston bv fire £12."

        One e.t^ ^Ij intent. M»y of m, younger Brethren: "May 30, 1760 By Treating the Ladies 4/."

        In a letter which he wrote November 26, 1775, from Cambridge, to his manager at Mount Vernon, Wash- ington said, —

        *' Let the hospitality of the house be kept with respect to the poor. Let no one go away hungry. If any of this kind of people should be in want of com, supply their necessities, pro- vided it does not encourage them in idleness."

        We see the quality of charity or love in an incident during the Revolutionary War. I quote from a letter

        * See illustrations, pages 198 and 209. See, also, page 38.

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        to the Master, Wardens, and Brethren of Montgomery Lodge, No. 68, of New York, recorded in the minutes of December 4, 1839 :

        " I congratulate you and the members of Montgomery Lodge of which I am proud to be one, on having received from Bro. Frayne a Masonic apron and scart which are peculiarly inter- esting on account of the illustrious associations connected with them, and the bright example of Masonic and Brotherly affec- tion which their past history so strikingly illustrates.

        " During the American Bevolution, when war and the deadly strife of battle raged with unbridled f\\iry throughout this conti- nent, it happened that among the spoils taken from the British was the chest of Sergeant Kelly of the 22d Begiment, which contained all the venerable relics now presented to us by Bro. Frayne. As soon as General Washington was apprised of this fact, . . . forgetting the asperities of war, he immediately sent back the chest, with a courteous letter to Sergeant EeUy, that the Americans although fighting for the liberty of their country, did not feel disposed to wage war against benevolent and chari- table institutions."

        We are told by the American Brother, who was the means of transmitting the relics to Montgomery Lodge, that Sergeant Ejillt, after his arrival home, lived to a good old age, and

        " on his dying bed, surrounded by his kindred, and among the number was an old and tried friend, who was a Brother Mason [Brother Frayne, I take it], he ordered the sash and apron to be produced, and calling his old friend and comrade to his side, exacted from him a promise, to forward, after his death, the same to Montgomery Lodge, in New York City, with an accom- panying letter stating it to be a memento to the fraternity

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        Wlasbinaton SeeQuUcentennial Hnnivereari^

        of the kindness and fraternal regard of George Washington toward an humhle brother and a stranger, and as a testimonial that *the memory of the just is blessed^ and shall live and flourish like the green bay tree.' "

        I am informed by the Secretary of Montgomery Lodge that the sash and apron have disappeared.

        Ability is wanting in me to do full justice to the very interesting subject which haa been assigned to me ; I have endeavored to present facts, not fancies, in Washington's Masonic life, and to give you some of his well-authenticated words.

        My Brethren, I think you will now believe with me that the prayer which was oflTered in that dimly lighted Lodge-room in the old brick Market-House, in far-off little Fredericksburg, on that November evening, one hundred and fifty years ago, was abundantly answered, and that that candidate for Freemasonry did, indeed, dedicate his life to the service of Gk)D, and become a true and faithful Brother among us.

        Faithful and true he was ; and so, until to each one of us there comes, one by one, the summons which all must obey, let us be faithftil and true, so that he and you and I, as he himself said to us of Pennsylvania, may hereafter "meet as brethren in the Celestial Temple of the Supreme Architect ;" or until all our expectant eyes shall behold the sun of time to set behind the everlasting hills, when to finite minds shall be revealed the infinite eternity of Gk)D.

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        The Brethren then sang ^^Hail, Columbia I happy land," to The President b March.

        Brother Stewabt L. Woodfobd, Past Master of Continental Lodge, No. 287, New York, addressed Grand Lodge :

        WASHINGTON AS A CITIZEN

        Bight Worshipful Gband Masteb and Bbeth-

        REN OF THE GbAND LoDGE :

        At this hour my words shall be few.

        Before the altar of Masonry have stood the high and the lowly, the titled and the commoner, the rich and the poor, the master and the workman, in the ab- solute equality of our Brotherhood. His Majesty the present King of England was Grand Master of Masons until his accession to the throne. To-day the President of our EepubUc, all official rank being laid aside, meets with us upon this level of manhood and fraternity.

        To each and all of this vast and far-reaching Broth- erhood, whose Lodges girdle the globe, the admonition has been given, as it was given to each of us, before any obligation of Masonry was assumed, that nothing would be asked that should interfere with our duty to our family, our country, or our God.

        The better Mason a man is, the better Citizen will he be, and the better Citizen the truer Mason.

        Our Craft teaches that complete manhood is built upon foundations that are four-squared. These foun-

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        VOasbinaton SeeQui^centennial Hnnivereari^

        dations are^ first, the sound body; next, the sound mind; then the sound moral sense; and lastly, the masterAil will that takes all these and out of them builds, fashions, and perfects manhood and citizenship.

        The Brother in whose memory we meet to-day was fortunate in haying all these essential conditions for the four-squared foundation on which the pyramid of his life and character was reared until the apex was such complete manhood as has been given to but few men to attain.

        Washington was a robust, muscular man of mag- nificent physique and great endurance. He could ride, swim, jump, run, shoot, and wrestle with the best. There have been few leaders among men who have not been strong in body as well as strong in brain and will. Instinctively, when we think of a really great man, we think of a man who has the physical ability to do, to endure, and to win his struggle by physical strength.

        Washington had the sound mind. He had this possession in its best practical form, that complete common sense which comprehends all, which measures and weighs all, which decides wisely, which rises to the altitude of absolute genius.

        Washington had the clear, sound, moral sense. There are men who reason strongly and logically, but who, in moral crises, reason too often from a false moral basis. He saw straight through to the right and the wrong of every question that came to him for decision.

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        Zbc Celebration

        He had also the masterful will that made him coura- geous^ forceAily strenuous, dominant. Acting on his well-developed body, this made him physically brave ; acting on his sound mind, it made his judgment almost unerring; acting on his clear moral sense, it made him a rock where truth and right were at iasue; acting on each and all and through each and all, this forceful wiU made him first among his countrymen- almost the first among the greatest of our human kind.

        Washington left school in 1746, when he was thirteen years old, and never thereafter had systematic scholastic training. For four years, under the hard necessity of earning his livelihood, he assisted in plan- tation work and took field lessons in surveying. At seventeen he entered the public service, and his life as official and citizen began. He was the appointed Sur- veyor of Culpeper County. He died fifty years there- after, at the age of sixty-seven. During all those years, excepting only seven, he was, in some capacity or other, in the public employment,-as surveyor, as mUitia- man on the frontier, as member of the Colonial As- sembly, as member of the Colonial Congress, as Gren- eral of the Continental Army, as President of the United States, and, finally, as Lieutenant-Q^neral of the Nation in prospect of European war.

        During all these years he was ever the true, good cit- izen, who never shirked personal political duty. It is recorded of him that always when at home at Mount Vernon, he voted, he served as juror, and in all quiet,

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        Maebinaton SeequiKcntennial Hnnivereari^

        homely, and dignified ways fulfilled the complete duties of his citizenship. I name these things thus in detail that they may burn themselves this day into our con- science and memory. Washington and his compeers thus made our Republic possible. Thus and thus only shall we make it enduring.

        Let me go back to the beginning of his public ser- vice as surveyor and then as militiaman on the western frontier of Virginia. For years he lived in the wil- derness and among the pioneers and the Indians. He slept on the ground and in the snow. He had the joy that comes to a brave, strong, hopeful man struggling against physical difficulties and dangers. He learned in that hard school, as so many of our Fathers learned, the meaning of our westward march of civilization that has since blazed our way to the Pacific coast, and at the last has made stepping-stones of the far islands of the Pacific seas on our resistless march to that which our fathers called the Orient, but which to us is only the new Occident.

        Thus came his duties. Thus passed his life. At twenty-six years of age he entered the Legislature of Virginia as Burgess ; then elected member of the First Congress ; then, at forty-three, chosen to be Commander- in-Chief of the Continental Armies. Fitly, and in prophecy, was the name chosen, — ^the Continental Con- gress and the Continental Army. That struggle was not for the control of thirteen feeble colonies fringed along the Atlantic coast, sprinkled sparsely with three

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        millions of scattered colonists. It was for the mastery of a Continent whose sure destiny is to master the world — ^aye, to master the world, not by domination of arms, but by the surer, the larger, the final and en- during domination of ideas, of truth, of liberty.

        So passed our Brother on, doing each duty as each duty came ; bearing often and at times alone the burden and the sorrow and the agony and the travail in which a nation was born. He passed from labor to labor until the hour of refreshment came, and then he passed from labor here to that Grand Lodge where the only one and true God is forever our Grand Master.

        My Brothers, we are fortunate, and our Craft is fortunate, to-day as we keep this Masonic Anniversary, that a Brother Mason sits in the Chair of Washington in the City that bears our dead Brother's name. As Masons we have heard his plea for brotherhood between master and workman. Let each of us give answer : " So mote it beJ^

        Greetings were received from the visiting Most Worshipful Grand Masters and other Brethren, as follows :

        Brother Thomas J. Shbyock, Most Worshipful Grand Master of Masons in Maryland :

        Right Wobshipful Grand Master, and Brethren OF the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania : I bring you greetings from Maryland, one of the thirteen colonies that Washington welded into an

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        TROadbittdton SesquiKentetinial Hnnii^erearis

        embryo nation, which has developed into the magnifi- cent Bepublic of to-day.

        Brother H. Oscab Kerns, Most Worshipful Grand Master of Masons in Virginia :

        Bight Wobshipful Grand Master, President booseyelt, and other distinguished breth- REN :

        The place where I stand to-day should be to me as hallowed ground, for it was here my ancestors landed, when they came with William Penn to America. I feel therefore that I am not only among my Brethren, but that I am among my kinsmen.

        I bring to you the greetings and the thanks of the Masons of Virginia, for, in honoring Washington, you honor Virginia Masonry, and I thank you in the name of the Grand Lodge of Virginia for giving us the esteemed privilege of joining with you in doing honor to the most illustrious son of America, and the most illustrious of American Masons.

        Some may think it strange that his own Mother did not take the first step towards celebrating this the Ses- qui-centennial of the initiation of her beloved and honored son into the mysteries of Freemasonry, but she thought it best to unite with others on this occa- sion, and she felt glad when it entered into the heart of her sister Pennsylvania to have a family reunion, and invite the Old Mother and her other Sisters to meet

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        in her beautiful homej and rejoice together on the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the birth of this Brother from darkness to Masonic light

        We have brought with us some of the precious reUcs of by-gone days: here is the old Bible upon whose sacred pages our Brother has laid his hands, and which his lips have touched to seal his vows, and here are the records that show the date of his initiation into the mys- teries of Freemasonry. Well may we cherish these links of love, that connect us with the past and establish our fraternal relations with him, and may our coming here bind us together with a fraternal bond, invincible, in- destructible, not made with hands, but eternal in the Heavens.

        Brother W. Holt Apgar, Most Worshipftil Grand Master of Masons in New Jersey :

        Bight Worshipful Grand Master, President Brother, and Brethren : The memories of Valley Forge, Morristown, Prince- ton, Monmouth, Brandywine, and G^rmantown are called up to-day, as we meet and clasp hands with our Brethren of Pennsylvania. We see, above it all, Washington, with his majestic presence, and his character being there tried as the crucible is tried by the fire. My Brethren across the river made historical and memorable, because upon its banks were fought the battles which have made history, we are pleased

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        Tinia0binaton SeaquUcentennial Hnnivereari^

        to-day to mingle with you — ^you who love to labor with those in the mystic tie. We thank you^ and we are glad indeed that we can this day join you in celebrating one of the events of the Masonic Brotherhood. Masonry was to Washington a strong, living, breathing reality, which helped him to endure. My Brethren^ if your grasp of Masonry is as deep and broad as was Washington's, it will help you to be as he was.

        May this be one of the lessons of this day, and in that spirit, Bight Worshipful Sir, the Masons of New Jersey greet our Brethren, the President, and you of Pennsylyania. who have made this pleasure possible.

        Brother Habry H. Myers, Most Worshipful Grand Master of Masons in Arkansas :

        Bight Worshipful Grand Master, President Booseyelt, and Brethren of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania : I come to you to-day from the far-oJ0f Southland, — from Arkansas, the land of the magnolia and the birds ; that land where the sunshine has grasped and warmed our products ; that land whose moonbeams are diluted with heaven's dew, and whose fruit is known all over the world. From the true and loyal hearts of the Fraternity of Arkansas I bring you most cordial greet- ing. In Arkansas we recognize Masonry as an institu- tion as broad and comprehensive as mankind; an

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        institution that was hewn into the images of right and justice from the very rock of truth itself.

        We practise in Arkansas that broad fraternal brotherhood which characterizes Masonry and should characterize us in every act and walk of life. We be- lieve, as Masons, in that government which makes it possible for us to pursue our several vocations of life, and properly educate our children ; in that gov- ernment where the Chief Magistrate of this, the greatest nation the world has ever known, represents the supremacy of the law.

        Most Worshipfiil Sir, from Arkansas, from the far- off Southland, I bring you most fraternal and cordial greeting.

        Brother Abthue C. Wheeleb, Most Worshipful Grand Master of Masons in Connecticut :

        I am awfully glad we are here ; we came very near not getting here. While the Masons of Connecticut try to be good Masons, they have proved to-day that they are poor sailors, and for six or seven hours we were in New York Harbor.

        We arrived just in time to hear the splendid tribute paid by Brother Woodford, but missed the address by our illustrious Pbesident, and regret it Bight Worshipful Sir, though Connecticut is small in area, in proportionate numbers it compares with many of the other Jurisdictions, and I bring you our warmest greeting. We love to respect and admire the history

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        VOasbinaton Seequi^entennial Hnnivereari^

        made by our illustrious President, Washington, and we admire, Sir, the enthusiasm of Pennsylvania, which has made it possible for us to meet with you to-day.

        Brother David F. Mason, Most Worshipful Grand Master of Masons in Idaho :

        Brethren, it is gratifying indeed to stand before this assembly after having a six days' ride across the country to do it.

        I hail from Idaho, one of the paradises of the West, where a miner lays down his pick and shovel only long enough to attend the Masonic Lodge.

        Masonry in Idaho is becoming very prevalent. When I first took up my citizenship in Idaho, some fiifteen years ago, we had three hundred and fifty Masons in the State ; to-day we have three thousand five hundred in thirty eight Lodges, all working nicely, and Masonry is growing and progressive.

        I am, indeed, glad to be with you, and I bring to you the greetings of our Grand Lodge.

        Brother Edwabd T. D. Chambees, Most Worshipful Past Grand Master of Masons in Quebec :

        From the far northeast corner of this American Continent, where the Brethren endeavor to dissipate many adverse surroundings from without to keep aUve the sacred fires of Masonry upon their altars, I bring warmest greetings. Sir, from the Jurisdiction of Quebec.

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        The Brethren there owe obedience to the Jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Quebec, which claims Juris- diction as far north as the Pole, and as far east as where the waters of the Atlantic lie on the coast of Labrador. I promised before leaving home to extend to you the regret of the Grand Master of our Grand Lodge. It must have been a very severe blow to him to feel that his health would not permit him to come here.

        Although he has been prominent in our social and Masonic life for many years, he is a native of Glen Falls, in New York, and still retains his American citizenship, and his love for American Masonry. I thank you for the privilege of speaking for him and the Masons of our Jurisdiction, and I thank you. Sir, for the hospitality, not only that has been extended to me upon this occasioni but I recall the splendid hos- pitality in which I was enabled to participate with several other visitors from our Jurisdiction some fifteen years ago, upon the occasion of your magnificent celebration of the Centennial of your independence as a sovereign Grand Lodge. I cannot but express my sympathy with you when I notice the absence of so many familiar faces, among them, the then Grand Master, Brother Coppee Mitchell, and Brother Vaux, with whom I was on familiar terms.

        Brother Habry J. Guthbie, Most Worshipfiil Grand Master of Masons in Delaware :

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        VOasbinaton Seequi^entennial Hnniverean?

        Right Worshipful Grand Master and Brethren : I thank you for the privilege of presenting you the greetings of the smallest Jurisdiction, save one, in the country. We are small, and while to-day we are con- sidering all over the country, and the question is being agitated, " Who is the oldest Mason ?" I will say that right back here in the corner came this suggestion, "Who is the youngest Grand Master?" Finally, I established myself as the youngest Grand Master here to-day, and, as the youngest from one of the smallest Jurisdictions, I wish to convey to you the greetings of my people. Also, to convey to you the greetings of the Commonwealth that sheltered Lafayette, who was the companion and who upheld the hands of the illustrious patriot of whom we have heard so much to-day.

        Brother Charles T. Gallagher, Most Worshipful Grand Master of Masons in Massachusetts :

        Bight Worshipful Sir:

        What more can be said for Massachusetts than has already been expressed? She is counted among the galaxy of Sister Grand Lodges for whom I have already responded, but if a special greeting is needed I give you on the moment this sentiment: Pennsylvania and Massachusetts; Philadelphia and Boston; Wil- liam Penn and Cotton Mather ; the Quaker and the Puritan ; the austerity and asperity of their religious zeal, softened and liberalized with time, have produced

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        descendants who meet as Masons in this presence and around a common board with '^ Friendship, Morality, and Brotherly Love.'

        >>

        Brother John C. Yocum, Most Worshipful Grand Master of Masons in Missouri :

        Right Wobshippul Grand Master :

        I am pleased to be here to-day representing the Grand Jurisdiction of old Missouri. Probably many of you know that the citizens of Missouri are called "Mossbacks," but I want to show you that that is untrue, because I am pleased to be here to-day to bring greetings to this Grand Lodge from over six thousand loyal, true Masons of that Jurisdiction. I want to assure you that there is no moss on their backs. The only moss you see in Missouri grows on very crooked trees. It gives me special pleasure to come back here for this reason, that while I have been a citizen of the Jurisdiction of Missouri for sixteen years, yet Pennsylvania is the home of my birth, and it affords me a special pleasure to come back to my old home.

        Brother William A. Stone, Grovemor of Pennsyl- vania :

        KiGHT Worshipful Sir :

        One of the Brethren a moment ago spoke of ^^ a common board," and as I am particularly anxious to

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        TPOaebington ScdQui^centennUil Hnnivereari^

        get better acquainted with that boards I will simply defer what I have to say.

        Brother Everett C. Benton, representing the Most Worshipful Grand Master of Masons in Vermont :

        Like getting into the Union, I was a little late.

        We were lost in the fog in New York Bay, but the

        Grand 'Lodge of Vermont brings cordial greetings to you.

        Brother Benjamin Titus, Most Worshipful Past Grand Master of Masons in Arizona :

        Brethren, I feel very grateful for this opportunity of visiting the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania and to have an opportunity of beholding the priceless relics which you have in charge, — emblems for future gener- ations of Masons. They are a priceless treasure, which I hope will be preserved among the Fraternity for numbers of years to come.

        I thank you very much, Bight Worshipful Grand Master, for the privilege you have afforded me of saying something to the Brethren here to-day.

        Brother William L. Swan, Past Master of Matine- cock Lodge, No. 806, Oyster Bay, New York :

        We have heard this afternoon about the Arcadian period, when Brother Washington was initiated and conducted into the Masonic Lodge. There seems to be a dispute as to who had the honor of conferring the Degree upon him, and as to what Master or officers

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        assisted in the work of conferring the Degree, but there is no mistake whatever as to who initiated Brother BoosEYELT at Oyster Bay into Matinecock Lodge, No. 806, and who took part in conferring the Degree upon that Brother. I am very proud of that, because as a ™n he m,.,tr.te« th, iJ principles of dtizenriup, and he has always, before he was a Mason, lived up to all the ideals of Masonry. We were glad to have him, as an old friend and neighbor, become a Brother Mason and through our Lodge bring him into the Fraternity. I thank you for the pleasure of being with you this afternoon.

        Brother Frank E. Bullard, Eight Worshipful Deputy Grand Master of Masons in Nebraska :

        I bring you greetings from two hundred and twenty- five Lodges and twelve or fifteen thousand Masons from the Jurisdiction of Nebraska. We have not the tradi- tions of Valley Forge, but our traditions are the Sioux, the Pawnees, the Winnebagoes, and other Lidian tribes with whose names you are familiar. We look back to you for our inspiration for all that goes to make up good citizenship. I am proud and glad to bring you the greetings of the Freemasons of Nebraska.

        Major-Gteneral Brother John K. Brooke, of Stich- ter Lodge, No. 264 :

        I do not know what I could say to this assembly which would be interesting in the way of Masonry,

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        miadbington Seequi^entennial Hnniverear^

        and do not want to inflict them with what I do know something about, which is not very much, in my pro- fession. In the old Maaonic Temple on Chestnut Street, many years ago, I was inducted into the Colum- bia Royal Arch Chapter. On a few occasions since that date, I have been a visitor to other Chapters. My own Lodge was No. 340, of Pennsylvania, but I was transferred to No. 254, of which I am now a member in good standing. Being born in this country and having been a wanderer for forty-four years, I now come back to the Jurisdiction of Pennsylvania, from which I have never severed my connection, to resume my citizenship here, and spend the rest of my life among those whom I have always regarded aa my friends, aside from the Mystic Shrine.

        I can only say. Right Worshipful Grand Master, that I had better follow the example of recent speakers in brevity, with a declaration that in the future one hundred and fiftieth celebration we would all like to be here.

        Brother John M. Cabteb, Most Worshipful Past Grand Master of Masons in Maryland :

        I had supposed that our little adjoining State below that line that separates the North from the South had already been heard from.

        In supplementing what our Chief has said, I have to add that, when the great engineers who ran that line and separated us geographically had concluded their

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        labors, they forgot to separate the friendship and love of the citizens of the two States, and that we are as much welded together now after a lapse of a century or more, both Masonically and socially, as when they ran that line.

        Brother John Wanamakeb, of Friendship Lodge, No. 400:

        Right Woeshipful Grand Master :

        You have certainly struck me a blow. I presumed it would be only the dignitaries who would be speakers to-day, and I can only say a single word of the impres- sions that have been made upon me by this congress of Masons, and the example that it gives of the oneness of the Brotherhood in the United States, and to put alongside of it what to me was the most marvellous revelation of the breadth and strength of this great Fraternity, when I was asked to sit down at a banquet in Bombay with Mohammedans and Hindoos, together with Scotchmen, Englishmen, and Americans ; and they reached out their hands to me, not as a foreigner, as they termed me, but as a Mason. The Brotherhood in Ceylon and India was something that you could not explain in words, or speak of in such a way as to give . L impre«i«;. T^ey look at a uJ.no oiter where he comes from, if he is a Mason, as a Brother, and the whole impression that they seemed to convey was that they belonged to a neat company of men who were ^,i ge. h'ld of oL .en,^ Lke .0™ of

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        xmiadbington Scsqui^entennial Hnnivereat!?

        a man in the man. They take them in their arms. I thank you very much for the lessons that I have learned from each of the speakers ; from my eloquent friend Greneral Woodford, and especially for the finished sermon, and a better I have not heard in ten years, which Brother Koosevelt has preached us.

        I thank you very much for the compliment you have paid me.

        Brother Geoboe H. Walker, Bight Worshipful Deputy Grand Master of Masons in the District of Columbia :

        I did not expect to be called upon, but I certainly wish to say for the District of Columbia that I bring the greetings of the Grand Lodge and of nearly seven thousand Masons of that Jurisdiction, and I bring you their good wishes for the success of this celebra- tion.

        There is just one thought that has occurred to me during these exercises. I would like to give utterance to it. That is, that Washington and all his generals, in fact, of those who formed this government, a large majority were Masons, and when the new underlying principles of Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity for men were proclaimed, I doubt not but that the inspira- tion of the form of these principles came from the Lodge-room. They had the opportunity to create a visible throne in our midst, but. Brethren, they created a throne in the heart, or, as it has been said, —

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        " There is nothing so kingly as Kindness, There is nothing so loyal as Truth."

        I deem it a great privilege to be called upon to speak.

        Brother Geobge Washington Baibb, Most Wor- shipful Past Grand Master of Masons in the District of Columbia:

        Eight Worshipful Grand Master :

        I suppose the ground has been so well covered that there is nothing left for me to say. I bring to you greetmgs of the six thousand Masons of the smallest territory in the Union, but perhaps it contains a larger percentage of Masons than any territory in the world. It is rapidly becoming a centre of education, of music and polytechnics, and already is the centre of states- manship.

        It has been my pleasure and my honor, since the death of the illustrious Singleton, to write the review of the Proceedings of the Grand Lodges. I like to bear testimony that the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania sticks closer to its principles, to its tenets, than any other I have been so far able to read.

        After Brother Stone had spoken, the Brethren sang "Hail, Masonry Divine!" to America. During the singing, Brother Koosevelt withdrew from Grand Lodge, being escorted by Brothers Samuel B. Dick and William J. Kelly, Eight Worshipful Past Grand Masters.

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        miadbington ScsquWentennial Hnniverear^

        Grand Lodge was closed in harmony at 3 o'clock 25 minutes p.m. Grand Chaplain Bight Beverend Brother Cortlandt Whitehead, D.D., offered the following

        PRAYER

        O Lord, our God, great Architect of the Universe, King of kings and Lord of lords, the only Buler of Nations, we adore Thy Name for the manifold blessings of Thy merciful providence bestowed upon this people and Nation. Especially do we thank Thee for the good examples of those whom thou didst enable to establish this Nation on the principles of freedom, truth, and justice. And for Thy servant, Geobge Washington, we thank Thee, raised up by Thy providence to be the leader of this people and the Father of his country. We venerate his memory and commemorate his vir- tues ; and we pray that as we celebrate this festal day we may learn to become more and more worthy sons of noble sires. Send Thy blessing, we pray Thee, upon this beloved land and upon our honored Fraternity. May peace and happiness, truth and justice, religion and piety, be established among us for all generations I And as we separate to our widely scattered homes, may the blessing of Heaven rest on us and on all reg- ular Freemasons I May we practise out of the Lodge those principles of religion and morality we are taught within it I May every moral and social virtue cement us in the bonds of peace and fraternal love, and procure Thy gracious favor, O blessed Lord GrOD, who livest

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        and reignest in indescribable glory and happiness, for ever and ever. Amen.

        Response by the Brethren : So mote it be I

        While the Officers and Guests of the Grand Lodge withdrew, the Orchestra played the march from Tamv- hoAiser.

        Brother Roosevelt, after having partaken of re- freshment in the Grand Banquet Hall, was escorted by Past Grand Masters Dick and Kelly to Broad Street Station, whence the Pbesident departed for Washington at 3.40 p.m.

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        TROadbinaton Sesqui^centennial Bnniverear^

        THE WASHINGTON RELICS

        1

        2

        8

        4

        6 6

        7

        8

        9 10

        11

        12

        The picture opposite shows the Washington relics and photographs which were in the Grand Lodge at the time of the Sesqui-centennial Celebration. They may be identified by the numbers in the diagram given here.

        No. 1. Photographs of the block of white Penn- sylvania marble donated by the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania in 1851 to the Washington National Monument, at Washington, D. C. (See page 38.)

        No. 2. The Bible on which Washington took his obligation in Fredericksburg Lodge, in Fredericks- burg, Virginia, on November 4, 1752. A description is given on page 119. This and No.. 3 and No. 4 were brought by a deputation from Fredericksburg Lodge, No. 4, of Fredericksburg, Virginia.

        No. 3. Minutes of Fredericksburg Lodge from Sep- tember 1, 1752, to and including September 1, 1753, covering the time of the entering, passing, and raising of Washington, and showing his attendance.

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        Z\\)c miadbington l^elice

        No. 4. Frame containing a lock of Washington's hair.

        No. 6. Minute-book of Solomon's Lodge, No. 1, PoQghkeepsie, New York, showing Washington pres- ent as a visitor. This was loaned by Brother Edward M. L. Ehlebs, Most Worshipful Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of New York. (See page 137.)

        No. 6. Gavel used by Washington when he laid the corner-stone of the National Capitol, at Washing- ton, D. C, September 18, 1793. This was brought by a deputation from Potomac Lodge, No. 5, Washington, D. C. (See page 158.)

        This gavel was used by Bight Worshipftd Grand Master Vaux, in 1868, in laying the comer-stone of the Masonic Temple in Philadelphia, and by Right Worshipful Grand Master Kelly, in 1898, in laying the comer-stone of the new State Capitol in Harris- burg.

        No. 7. Frame containing an autograph letter from Washington to Brothers Watson and Cossoul, thank- ing them for a Masonic apron and sash, now belonging to Alexandria- Washington Lodge, No. 22 ; a lock of Washington's hair; and a miniature of Washing- ton. (See page 137.)

        This was loaned by the Committee on Antiquities of the Grand Lodge of New York.

        No. 8. The Bible on which Washington took the oath as President of the United States for the first time, April 30, 1789.

        199

        miadbington Sesqui^entennial Hnniverear^

        The Bible is bound in red morocco, with gilt orna- mentations and edges, and silver ornamentations; is eleven inches high, nine inches wide, and three and one-half inches thick. It was published in London, in 1767, by Mabk Baskett, and contains a large picture of Geobge II., and is handsomely illustrated with Biblical scenes. It is opened at the place where Wash- ington kissed the book, — ^the forty-ninth and fiftieth chapters of Grenesis. The picture on the left is of " The blessing of Zebulun'' and " Jacobs prophefie of Iffachar."

        This was brought by a deputation from St. John's Lodge, No. 1, New York. (See page 152.)

        No. 9. The Beply of Washington, in his hand- writing, to the Address presented by the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, December 28, 1796.

        The address and reply will be found at pages 36 and 37.

        No. 10. Gold urn containing a lock of Washington's hair, sent by Mrs. Washington to the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, and standing on a mahogany pedes- tal, the urn and pedestal being the handiwork of Brother Paul Revere, Most Worshipfiil Past Grand Master of Massachusetts.

        This was brought by Brother Chables T. Galla- gher, Most Worshipful Grand Master of Massachu- setts. (See pages 104 and 170.)

        No. 11. Photographs of the Book of Constitution presented to Washington by the Grand Lodge of

        200

        (Tbe miadbindton IRelica

        Pennsylvania in 1787- The book is now in the Library of Brown University, at Providence, Rhode Island. (See page 146,)

        No. 12. The apron presented to Washington, by Brother the Mabquis de Lafayette, in 1784, which was embroidered by his wife. It was worn by Wash- ington when he laid the corner-stone of the National Capitol. (See page 142.)

        The Lodge notice shown below was sent to Wash- ington, and was long treasured by the wife of Presi- dent Madison (" Dolly" Madison) ; it is thought to be the earliest Masonic Lodge notice known in this country, and now belongs to* Brother Julius F. Sachse, of Philadelphia :

        BROTHER,

        OUatedefircdtomcet the Master and Bne- EN of .IdODCE No. QO.. Aiicicnt Yore Ma-

        fTHREN of^ ^DC E No> ^

        it / o'clock this Evening.] By Ordcx* of the Mafier, (

        'i*^^^'^^ Secretary.

        Alexandria, ^liA^i^ui^Xjf ^ 178

        201

        vnaebindton Se0qtti^€entennial Bnnivereari?

        THE BANQUET

        The banquet was set out in the newly decorated Grand Banquet Hall, the decoration of its walls calling out the admiration of all the Brethren.

        The tables were beautifully ornamented with plants, chrysanthemums, and other flowers in profusion, and hundreds of little electric lights added to the brilliancy of the scene. Above and in the rear of the Grand Master's seat were the National and State flags, flanked efiectively by large bay-trees. In the decorations above the Grand Master's seat was a receptacle in which were hidden canary-birds, which, when the Or- chestra played "Listen to the Mocking Bird," were released, and flew all about the hall.

        The banquet, which was elegant in all its appoint- ments, was prepared and served by Brother Jacob WiENEB, of Philadelphia, in a most successfiil manner, and received the commendation of all the Brethren. For those that could not be accommodated in the Grand Banquet Hall, the banquet was served in the lower Banqueting-Koom, Brother Lewis E. Beitleb, Worshipful Master of Robert Burns Lodge, No. 464, representing the Grand Master, and Grace being said by Grand Chaplain Reverend Brother Chables H. Bond.

        The banquet began shortly after four o'clock. The Temple Chorus and Orchestra sang and played from time to time. The arrangement of the tables and seats in the Grand Banquet Hall was as follows :

        202

        THE QRANO BANQUET ^■

        . NOVEMBER b, I

        {Tbe Banquet

        Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, F. & A. M.

        Celebration of the

        Sesqui-centennial Anniversary of

        Washington's Initiation as a Freemason

        in the Masonic Temple Philadelphia, Wednesday, November 5;th

        A. D. 1902, A. L. 5902

        Diagram of Grand Banquet Hall

        l-M

        i

        § 1

        S 1

        1 a

        E

        § §

        D

        s s

        c

        s S

        B

        s

        Odd numbers on right side of table Even numbers on left side of table

        208

        TRIla0binaton ScdQui^entennial Hnnivereari?

        A

        c

        Thaddeus S. Adle

        £ 811

        John M. Carter

        C 187

        William W. Allen

        B 71

        Charles Cary

        C 109

        Sydenham R Ancona

        B 99

        William B. Chalfant

        C 187

        Frederick Ann6

        C IM

        Edward T. D. Chambers

        D 800

        W. Holt Apgar

        EB78

        Walter Chandler

        £ 876

        Judson Armor

        B 96

        Harry F. Charles

        B 48

        Michael Arnold

        D 190

        Charles S. Qark

        D 889

        Robert W. Arnold

        B 88

        J. Clement Clark

        C 119

        William Auchenbach Philadelphia, Wednesday, November 5;th

        A. D. 1902, A. L. 5902

        Diagram of Grand Banquet Hall

        l-M

        i

        § 1

        S 1

        1 a

        E

        § §

        D

        s s

        c

        s S

        B

        s

        Odd numbers on right side of table Even numbers on left side of table

        208

        TRIla0binaton ScdQui^entennial Hnnivereari?

        A

        c

        Thaddeus S. Adle

        £ 811

        John M. Carter

        C 187

        William W. Allen

        B 71

        Charles Cary

        C 109

        Sydenham R Ancona

        B 99

        William B. Chalfant

        C 187

        Frederick Ann6

        C IM

        Edward T. D. Chambers

        D 800

        W. Holt Apgar

        EB78

        Walter Chandler

        £ 876

        Judson Armor

        B 96

        Harry F. Charles

        B 48

        Michael Arnold

        D 190

        Charles S. Qark

        D 889

        Robert W. Arnold

        B 88

        J. Clement Clark

        C 119

        William Auchenbach

        B 108

        Walter D. Qark

        D 888

        William J. Qark

        D 888

        Samuel M. Cement

        C 188

        James H. Codding

        B 76

        B

        George B. Cole

        D 878

        Owen M. Copelin

        £ 881

        David S. Bachman

        D 818

        Alexander R. Corbet

        £808

        Geo. Washington Baird

        C 115

        D

        Daniel Baird

        E 816

        James S. Barber

        C 156

        Robert R Dallas

        C 157

        Jesse J. Barker

        E 806

        Conrad B. Day

        A 4

        John H. Barlow

        B 80

        Joseph W. Day

        £818

        Norris L. Barratt

        B 55

        Martin H. Day

        D 871

        Ezra S. Bartlett

        B 41

        Samuel Hall Day

        D 869

        Benjamin F. Bartram

        D 811

        Henry M. Dechert

        D 885

        Stockton Bates

        E898

        William H. Denlinger

        B 84

        Charles A. Beach

        B 58

        Samuel B. Dick

        A 16

        Abraham M. Beitler

        B 65

        William Dick

        C 171

        Augustus C Beitl^

        £849

        David T. Dickson

        C 154

        Charles Belcher

        £898

        William J. Diehl

        B 859

        William H. Bellows

        £ 885

        Lewis Dixon

        £ 851

        Everett C Benton

        D 195

        Ellis H. Doan

        B 50

        Franklin Bernard

        D 855

        Horace A. Doan

        C 188

        Monsaquila Bethel

        D 857

        William M. Donaldson

        B 70

        Stanley Billheimer

        C 188

        Ezra C Doty

        C 159

        John F. Birrell

        B 84

        James B. Duffy

        D 884

        Julius E. Blamberg

        C 181

        C. Penrose Dull

        D 887

        J. Gray Bolton

        B 88

        K%

        Charles H. Bond

        £888

        E

        Peter Boyd

        £878

        John S. Eby

        D 856

        G. Martin Brill

        C 117

        George Eiler, Jr.

        C 146

        Jacob H. Bromwell

        £ 889

        Henry Einwechter

        D 844

        John R. Brooke

        B 46

        George W. Ekmgs

        D 848

        James W. Brown

        A 18

        William L. EUdns

        D 194

        T. Darlington Buckwalter

        £ 888

        Alexander Elliott

        £888

        Frank R BuUard

        C 118

        William R. ElUs

        D 198

        George J. Bums

        D 861

        Josiah W. Ewan

        £ 884

        204

        ^be Banquet

        F

        H

        Robert W. Fagan

        £ 889

        R. Hopewell Hepburn

        £ 817

        John R. Fanshawe

        £ 808

        Wilh'am Hertzler

        B 100

        John W. Farnsworth

        B 85

        George Herzog

        £ 889

        R Lawrence Fell

        £888

        George S. Hibbs

        £801

        J. Ridgway Fell

        B 76

        Frank M. Highley

        C 188

        Wilson I. Fleming

        B 48

        Maurice Hirsh

        B 36

        Robert H. Foerderer

        C 146

        Azariah W. Hoopes

        £ 880

        J. Franklin Fort

        A 16

        A. Raiidolph Howard

        B 89

        Levi G. Fouse

        D 848

        George A. Howe

        B 84

        Samuel L. French

        B 108

        J. Harry Hughes

        C 178

        William H. Hurkamp

        B 81

        G

        Daniel W. Hutchin

        C 168

        Charles T. Gallagher

        A 18

        I

        Sylvester S. Garwood

        D 814

        M

        Henry J. Gideon

        C 174

        Henry H. IngersoU

        D 191

        Spencer C Gilbert

        D 809

        Benjamin F. Irving

        B 98

        W. Rush Gillan

        £ 816

        1

        John S. P. Gobin

        D 198

        J

        John D. Goff

        £ 886

        Samuel M. Goodyear

        £819

        Jacob W. Jackson

        D 886

        William L. Gorgas

        D 861

        Lewis H. Jackson

        D 816

        George S. Graham

        £ 876

        Bushrod W. James

        £891

        Walter D. Green

        C 166

        John R James

        B 61

        Stephen Greene

        C 160

        James Jarden, Jr.

        B 79

        Isaac N. Grubb

        £ 806

        Hibbert P. John

        B 88

        George W. Guthrie

        A 17

        George Massey Jones

        D 816

        Harry J. Guthrie

        D 804

        John J. Jones

        £ 881

        John H. Jordan

        D 867

        H

        William B. Josljrn

        C 168

        William B. Hackenburg

        B 88

        K

        Amos H. HaU

        £841

        George W. Hall (121)

        £886

        William J. Kelly

        B 81

        George W. Hall (211)

        D 888

        Kosciusko Kemper

        D 199

        Josiah C HaU

        D 864

        Freeland Kendrick

        C 148

        William H. Hamann

        D 807

        George W. Kendrick, Jr.

        C861

        Samuel Hamilton

        C 184

        George W. Kendrick, 3d

        C 140

        William M. Hamilton

        D 817

        Murdock Kendrick

        B 64

        William B. Hanna

        B 68

        Henry G. Keplar

        B 91

        Kennedy C Hayes

        D 870

        H. Oscar Kerns

        A 10

        James M. Hedenberg

        D889

        George Kessler

        C 188

        George R Heinbach

        £ 807

        £dward P. Kingsbury

        D 888

        Matthias H. Henderson

        C 106

        John L. Kinsey

        C 118

        Robert R Henszey

        B 97

        David S. Kloss

        C 181

        206

        TROaabinaton Se0Qui«centenniaI Hnniversat!?

        L

        M

        Isaac £. La Barre

        D 888

        Charles £. Meyer

        D 850

        James M. Lamberton

        A 80

        Harry H. Myers

        B 88

        John W. Lansinger

        £ 814

        John P. McBean

        C 170

        James W. Latta

        B 47

        George Nox McCain

        C 188

        George H. Lee

        B 87

        Guy P. McCandless

        D 868

        Gilbert L. I^entz

        B 46

        Henry J. McCarthy

        B 57

        Amo Leonhardt

        £ 887

        S. Kingston McCay

        C 185

        Walter S. Letherbury

        D 818

        William McCoach

        C 148

        Charles W. Letsch

        £ 844

        John S. J. McConnell

        A 8

        Robert J. Linden

        C 188

        Thomas McConnell

        C 144

        Charles T. Lindsey

        C 186

        George McCormick

        £ 884

        James M. Lingle

        £ 818

        George McCurdy

        C 181

        John H. Lofland

        C 158

        James W. McDowell

        D 885

        Samuel Loughlin

        C 175

        William D. Mcllroy

        D 818

        Frank B. Lynch

        £ 880

        Frank Craft McKee

        £ 846

        E. Oram Lyte

        C 184

        Frank D. McLain

        £ 846

        M

        Frank McSparron

        B 78

        Alexander J. H. Mackie George W. Madaughlin Matthew M. MacMillan

        £ 888 £ 888

        C 185

        N

        Thomas B. Neely I. Roberts Newkirk

        D 881

        C 188

        William H. Maneely

        B 88

        o

        Charles H. Mann

        £888

        John O'Donnel

        C 148

        Howard March

        C 107

        Richard G. Oellers

        £ 880

        David £. Mason

        C 110

        George B. Orlady

        B 61

        Franklin P. Mason

        C 187

        Frank C. CRourke

        £ 888

        Henry V. Massey

        B 77

        ■^

        William W. Matos

        £ 810

        P

        Charles H. Maull

        D 808

        Robert £. Pattison

        A 18

        William B. Meredith

        D 888

        Edward W. Patton

        C 147

        Max Meyerhardt

        C 106

        J. Lee Patton

        D 858

        David Jay Meyers

        D 840

        T. Blair Patton

        D 859

        William J. Milligan

        C 141

        Thomas R. Patton

        A 14

        George T. Montgomery

        E 804

        Thomas R. Patton, Jr.

        C 160

        George D. Moore

        B 860

        Thomas F. Penman

        B 78

        Henry D. Moore

        B 56

        Samuel W. Pennypacker

        A 5

        J. Hampton Moore

        B 68

        Samuel C Perkins

        A 6

        J. Thomas Moore

        C 177

        John A. Perry

        £ 888

        William G. Moore

        B 54

        George D. Peters

        £ 887

        Alexander H. Morgan

        C 188

        George H. Phillips

        S800

        William H. Morgan

        D 880

        James W. Piatt

        B 101

        Lewis B. Morrow

        D887

        Benjamin C. Piza

        D 808

        J. Bird Moyer

        C 180

        Henry C Potter

        A 7

        M. Richards Muckle

        £ 879

        Frank C. Price

        C 178

        Frederick Munch

        C 187

        James A. Pugh

        C 158

        206

        Jlhc Banquet

        George H. Quaill £ 818

        Matthew Stanley Quay B 59 Silvanus J. Quinn B 48

        McQuney Radcliffe

        B 40

        Joseph W. Range

        £ 845

        Thomas H. R. Redway

        £ 880

        William B. Reed

        C 168

        I. Layton Register

        £ 840

        Harry D. Reutter

        D 858

        G. Taylor Rickards

        C 118

        Max Riebenack

        B 58

        LeBaron Riefsneider

        D 848

        J. Harmer Rile

        D 880

        James W. Robins

        D 188

        Charles H. Rowland

        D 845

        John K Royal

        B 95

        B. Frank Royer

        D 841

        Lewis Royer

        D 868

        Samuel H. Rhoads

        £848

        William A. Rhoads

        C 178

        George P. Rupp

        B 66

        Julius F. Sachse

        £ 885

        David F. Sawdey

        B 80

        Meyer Schamberg

        C 158

        £dmund D. Scholey

        D 801

        Alton G. Scholl

        £ 888

        Walter Scott

        C 185

        Matthias Seddinger

        B 86

        William N. Seibcrt

        C 151

        John S. Sell

        D 884

        Martin L. Shaffner

        D 846

        William F. Shay

        D 858

        Morris R Shields

        C 165

        George H. Shirk

        B 98

        Frank W. Silkman

        £896

        William A. Sinn

        A 9

        William H. Shoemaker

        B 98

        Thomas J. Shryock

        A 8

        Charles H. Smiley Atwood Smith A. G. Creswell Smith Charles Smith Charles £mory Smith Henry W. Smith George W. Speise £dward B. Spencer Orion P. Sperra £dward R. Sponsler David H. Spotts James J. Springer Boyd G. Steel John S. Stevens Charles M. Stock William A. Stone Thomas S. Stout Carl A. Sundstrom Charles M. Swain William L. Swan

        £dgar A. Tennis A. Howard Thomas Robert H. Thomas William C Thompson W. Herbert Thompson W. A. Park Thompson John L. Thomson Benjamin Titus Peter £. Tome Frank R Townsend William J; Transue Henry L. Turner

        Charles A. Vandegrift George J. Vandegrift Harry M. Van Zandt Wentworth D. Vedder John W. Vrooman

        D 865 D 818 B 94 C 184 A 8 B 78 D 810 B 68 £885 D 805 D 847 £ 847 C 161 B 89 B 85 A 11 B 68 C 169 D 198 £

        A 1 C 176 D 866 B 90 £808 B 58 B 44 £ 850 C 188 B 88 B 88 D 848

        £

        B

        £

        £

        £ 897

        207

        Masbitidton SesquiKentennial Hnniversar^

        w

        w

        Emil Charles Wagner

        D tt6

        WilUam D. White

        C IM

        G. Elwood Wagner

        D 854

        Cortlandt Whitehead

        C 108

        George R Wagner

        E S74

        Peter A. B. Widener

        D 196

        Henry G. Wagner

        C ISO

        John H. Wilkins

        E 877

        Louis Wagner

        B 36

        J. Henry Williams

        E 887

        Louis M. Wagner

        C IM

        William G. Winder

        B 81

        Benjamin F. Wakefield

        £ 881

        Herman Wishman

        C 148

        George H. Walker

        C 111

        Charles R Wolbert

        C 180

        John C Wallace

        D 860

        Leon M. Woodford

        B 86

        George hL Walter

        B 104

        Stewart L. Woodford

        A 18

        John M. Walton

        C 116

        Barclay J. Woodward

        E 848

        John Wanamaker

        C 186

        Samuel W. Wray

        B 87

        Irving P. Wanger

        B 67

        Harry S. Wright

        C 178

        Isaac S. Warren

        D 80S

        James W. R. Washington

        D 888

        Y

        Ethan Allen Weaver

        D 881

        John C Yocum

        C 114

        John Weaver George B. Wells Theodore R Wiedersheim

        B 60 D806 B 4B

        James Rankin Young James B. Youngson

        E884 B 74

        Richard H. Wharton

        B 87

        z

        Arthur C. Wheeler

        B 88

        Harry White

        D 187

        Henry Z. Zicglcr

        C 188

        THE MENU

        The menu, which was held together with a white cord and inclosed in a purple envelope, was made by Messrs. Longhead & Co., of Philadelphia, and was as follows :

        208

        /itfy/'/f//Jf///n/f//r.- >.

        -en /f/^^f/*/' /?)

        r

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        ^^/r^r .V/y<^^/ -v^/zv^

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        'QL0J^jSiisi

        The Right Worshipful Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania and Masonic Jurisdiction Thereunto Belonging

        BROTHER Edgar a. Tennis . R. W. Grand Master of Pennsylvania

        "I request you to be assured of my best wishes and earnest prayers for your happiness while you remain in this terrestrial mansion, and that we may hereafter meet as Brethren in the Eternal Temple of the Supreme Architect."

        Wathhittoa lo the Gtaad Lodge of PeonMyhoau, ha. 2. 1792

        The Memory of Our Deceased Brother

        George Washington Brother George w. Guthrie . p. m. Frankiin Lodge, No. 221,

        Pittsburg

        '* In his lifetime being a Free Mason and now buried with the ceremony and honors due to one."

        Wsahiagloa't Dury lor FebtuMr 12, 1785

        Freemasonry Around the Globe Rt. Rev. brother Henry C. potter, D.D., LL.D., D.C.L.

        Past Grand Chaplain, New York

        *' For your affectionate vows, permit me to be grateful, and offer mine for true brothers in all parts of the world, and to assure you of the sincerity with wnich I am

        yrs Qo Washington.

        Lttttt to Brotben Wstioa £ QmbouI, August iO, t762

        The Enter'd Prentices Song,

        1.

        Come let us prepare.

        We brothers that are, Afsembled on merry occafion :

        Let's drink, laugh and fing,

        Our wine has a fpring, Here's a health to an accepted Mafon.

        II.

        The world Is in pain,

        Our fecrets to gain, And ftlll let them wonder and gaze on ;

        Till they're brought to the light.

        They'll ne'er know the right Word or fign of an accepted Mafon.

        III.

        'Tis this and 'tis that,

        They cannot tell what. Why fo many great men of the nation.

        Should aprons put on.

        To make themfelves one. With a free and accepted Mafon.

        IV.

        Great Kings, Dukes, and Lords, Have laid by their fwords,

        Our myft'ry to put a good grace on ; And thought themfelves fam'd. To hear themfelves nam'd.

        With a free and accepted Mafon.

        V.

        Antiquity's pride,

        We have on our fide, Which maketh men juft in their ftation ;

        There's naught but what's good,

        To be underftood, By a free and accepted Mafon.

        VI.

        We're true and fincere,

        And juft to the fair, They'll truft us on any occafion ;

        No mortal can more.

        The ladies adore. Than a free and accepted Mafon.

        Vli.

        Then join hand in hand,.

        By each brother firm ftand, Let's be merry and put a bright tace on ;

        What mortal can boaft,

        So noble a toaft. As a free and accepted Mafon ?

        To all the Fraternity round the Globe.

        Anderson's Constitutions of 1723, with addition from Ahiman Rezon of 1783.

        The Country of which Washington was the Father

        Brother George B. ORLADY R. W. junior Grand warden of the

        Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania

        ** The fabric of our freedom is placed on the enduring basis of public virtue, and will, I fondly hope, long continue to pro- tect the prosperity of the Architect who raised it."

        Waghingtoa to the Gnod Lodge of South Carolina. May, t797

        The Grand Lodge of which Washington was a member

        BROTHER H.Oscar Kerns M. W. Grand Master of Virginia

        " For those rewards and blessings, which you have invoked for me in this world, and for the fruition of that happiness which you pray for in that which is to come, you have, Gentle- men, all my thanks and all my gratitude. 1 wish I could ensure them to you and to the State which you represent, a thousand fold.''

        Washiagtoa to the Ceaerai Aaeemkly of Virgiaia, July 15, 1784

        The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Brother William a. stone .... Allegheny Lodge, No. 223

        Allegheny City

        Governor o! Penneytrani*

        " I now make it my earnest prayer, that God would have you and the State over which you preside in his holy protection. "

        Watbiagton to the Goremoet of alt the Slates oa diabaading the army. June 3, 178 J

        Our Sister Grand Lodges

        Brother Thomas J. SHRYOCK . M. W. Grand Master of Maryland

        " My attachment to the Society of which we are members, will dispose me always to contribute my best endeavors to promote the honor and interests of the Craft."

        Wa$hiagloa le the Graod Lodge of Ma$$achuaena, 1797

        Our Honored Guests

        BROTHER J. Franklin Fort Hope Lodge, No. 124,

        East Orange, N.J.

        *' I shall be happy on every occasion to evince my regard for the Fraternity. For your prosperity individually I offer my best wishes."

        Wstbiagloa to the Gnad Lodge of South Csrolitu. Msy, I79t

        The Day We Celebrate

        Brother Samuel W. PENNYPACKER Washington Lodge. No. 59.

        Philadelphia

        " I shall always be happy to advance the interests of the Society, and to be considered by them as a deserving Brother.

        W^abiogton to King David'§ Lodge. Newport. R. L, AuguBt 17. 1790

        *• All Our Friends'* Brother Charles Emory smith . Rising star Lodge, No. ia6.

        Philadelphia Wa»hington'§ Faronte ToaMt

        AulD Lang Syne

        Should auld acquaintance be forgot,

        And never brought to mind?

        Should auld acquaintance be forgot,

        And auld lang syne?

        For auld lang syne fnyjo,

        For auld lang syne^

        We'll take a cup o' kindness yet

        For auld lang syne.

        And surely ye' 11 be your pint-stoup,

        And surely Til be mine ;

        And we'll tak' a cup o' kindness yet,

        For auld lang syne.


        — Chorus,

        And here's a hand my trusty fiere,

        And gie's a hand o' thine, And we'll tak' a right guid willie-waught.

        For auld lang syne.— Chorus,

        JLbc ISanquet



        The following "Grace," written and composed by Brother J. Fbanklin Moss, was sung by the Temple Chorus :

        Eternal GOD in whose sight Centuries roll as 'twere a night, Masons here unite in praise For countless bounties of Thy grace.

        Grace was said by Grand Chaplain Reverend Brother John 8. J. McConnell, D.D., as follows :

        O Lord, Thy Name is excellent in all the earth. We bow before Thee because of the greatness of Thy majesty. We acknowledge Thee, that Thou art our God. We adore Thee for the excellencies of Thy nature. We love Thee for the goodness which Thou dost manifest towards us. We give Thee thanks for the lessons we have learned this day. Impress them more deeply upon our minds and hearts. We recog- nize Thy gracious remembrance of us in the good things here provided for our enjoyment. May we par- take of these creature comforts with thankfulness, may we delight in the fellowship of this interesting occasion in Thy fear and gracious favor, and, at the last, be saved in Thy everlasting kingdom for Thy Name and mercy's sake. Amen.

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        THE TABLE LODGE

        A Table Lodge was opened shortly after seven o'clock in the evening.

        The first regular toast, "The Bight Worshipful Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania and Masonic Jurisdic- tion Thereunto Belonging/* was proposed by Brother James W. Brown, E. W. Deputy Grand Master of Masons in Pennsylvania, who said, —

        I have the distinguished honor to propose the first toast of the evening. It is but fitting that that toast should be the Grand Lodge which celebrates the Anni- versary of the Initiation of our distinguished Brother, and brings us here together to-night with royal hos- pitality to do honor to the occasion; that Grand Lodge which has been shown in our Grand Master's address as the oldest Grand Lodge in the United States; that Grand Lodge which has always upheld the ancient tenets and traditions of our Craft in purity and wisdom. (Applause.)

        I therefore propose the Bight Worshipfiil Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, and call upon our talented Grand Master to respond, — ^that Grand Master who has satisfied seven hundred thirsty and hungry Breth- ren without discord or confusion, Bight Worshipfiil Grand Master Brother Edgab A. Tennis. (Prolonged applause.)

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        Brother Edgab A. Tennis, R. W. Grand Master of Masons in Pennsylvania, responded as follows :

        THE RIGHT WORSHIPFUL GRAND LODGE OF PENNSYLVANIA AND MASONIC JURISDIC- TION THEREUNTO BELONGING

        It is said of the Great Napoleon, when on the eve of battle, upon the ill-fated field of Waterloo, and when the flood-gates of heaven were pouring down torrents of rain, though ill and well-nigh exhausted, he spent the night in the saddle, as ever on the alert for advan- tage. In the thick darkness of that fearAil night, he was still buoyed by that ambition which characterized his life, and when the vivid lightning flashed across the sky his countenance was seen to be marked by the same stern, grim smile, and the words which escaped his lips were, " We are agreed." And this is the senti- ment, I am sure, of every guest before me this evening. We are agreed that the society of Freemasonry is the oldest known to mankind, extending back to a period when the memory of man runneth not to the contrary.

        We also agree that the toast just proposed names the oldest and most conservative Masonic Grand Body on the Western Hemisphere, and one whose records show cordial and fraternal relations with the greatest states- man, soldier, and Mason this continent has ever pro- duced.

        Three thousand years have gone since the elders of Israel and all the heads of the tribes, the chiefs of the

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        &ther8y and all men of Israel joined in the refrain, at the completion of the Temple, " For He is good ; for Hifl mercy endureth forever."

        A centary and three-qnarters have recorded their marvellous history since the toast to Pennsylvania Grand Lodge was first proposed, while a century and a half of Masonic teaching have shed their influence since the Brother, whose entrance we celebrate, first crossed the portals of our asylum and trod the tes- sellated floor of our Temple.

        Contemplating this lapse of time, recalling Tyre, whose " Antiquity was of Ancient Days," but whose songs and harps are no longer heard ; Jerusalem, over which the pale light of the crescent hangs, the deserted Temple, the trodden-down sanctuary, the departed Shekinah, let us reverently and devoutly adore Him who has guided and protected our Fraternity during the ages of the past, and who watches over the deliber- ations of Lodge and Grand Lodge the same yesterday, to-day, and forever.

        Sober thought, devoted men, loyal subjects, laid a foundation two centuries ago the result of which we are enjoying to-night, and which will continue to in- terest and benefit our children's children for genera^ tions yet unborn.

        It is foreign to the subject assigned me to treat of the traditions relating to the origin of Freemasonry. It is recorded in authentic history that guilds of operative stone-masons flourished in the early centuries of the

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        Christian era. The existence of a Lodge at the City of Yorky England, in the year 926, is frequently men- tioned in the old manuscripts and affirmed in the opening paragraph of the warrants of all Subordinate Lodges in this Jurisdiction.

        Who were the first Freemasons in Pennsylvania, or the date at which they began social fraternal inter- course, has been lost to history. There were, among the early immigrants to this colony, some Brethren who had been introduced to the art and mysteries of the Craft in the fatherland.

        John Moobe, a native of England, came to America in 1680, and settled first in South Carolina. Before the close of the century he removed to Philadelphia, and in 1703 was commissioned by the king as Collector of the Port. In a letter written in 1715, he men- tions having ^^ spent a few evenings in festivity with my Masonic Brethren." This is the earliest written evidence that has survived the ravages of time of the fact that members of the Craft dwelt within the present Jurisdiction. It will be borne in mind that this event antedates the first newspaper of the Province, the place where in those days we are accustomed to look for a record of the occurrences of the times.

        The early history, therefore, of our society in Penn- sylvania is obscure, — ^we have no minutes and but few Masonic records previous to 1779; they were lost during the trou during the troubles of the Revolution. When Masonry was introduced here, there were four rival Grand

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        Lodges in England ; two of them had appointed Pro- vincial Grand Masters in America.

        The first deputation came from the '^ G. L. of Eng- land/' The title of its rival was " The Grand Lodge of England according to the Old Institutions." To distinguish them, the members of the former were called "Moderns," the latter were called "Ancients," or " York Masons ;" they united in 1813.

        Masonry seems to have been introduced into Penn- sylvania by the " Moderns" under a deputation from the Duke of Norfolk, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of England, to Daniel Coxe, of Trenton, New Jersey, which is dated June 5, 1730. His jurisdiction extended over Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey. Brother Coxe was a son of Mr. Daniel Coxe, of London, a large landed proprietor and gov- ernor of West Jersey. He was distinguished as a lawyer, author, jurist, soldier, and was zealous in the propagation of religion in the American colonies. He died April 26, 1739, in the neighboring City of Burlington, and his remains rest in the cemetery at- tached to St. Mary's Protestant Episcopal Church in that city. His descendants are numerous. A grand- son. Tench Coxe, Esq., bom in 1756, graduated at the University of Pennsylvania, and served in the Colonial Assembly, in the Continental Congress, as Assistant Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, and in other prominent political positions. At the close of his term the Brethren of Pennsylvania assem-

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        bledy and on St. John the Baptist's Day, 1732, they elected William Allen their Grand Master.

        Some years ago there was brought to light an origi- nal record book or ledger of St. John's Lodge, which met in this City, showing its accounts with its mem- bers from June 24, 1731, to June 24, 1738. As this book is marked '^ Libr. B," the existence of an earlier record is indicated.

        Brother Allen was succeeded by Humphrey Mur- ray, and he by Benjamin Franklin ; succeeding him was James Hamilton, who was afterwards the first native Governor of Pennsylvania.

        Under our sixth Grand Master, William Plum- stead, who was a great reformer (even in those days they had reformers), Masonry received its first serious shock. While feigning to initiate a young man in a mock Lodge of Freemasonry, some pretended Brethren threw a bowl of burning alcohol upon him, so horribly burning him that he died a few days after in great agony ; this unjust outrage was sufficient to prostrate the Fraternity for nearly twelve years, and our history until 1749 is nearly a blank.

        On the 10th day of July of that year, however, there appears to have been a Masonic revival, as on that day Thomas Oxnabd, Provincial Grand Master of all North America, appointed Brother Benjamin Frank- lin to be again Grand Master of Pennsylvania. In 1760, Brother William Allen was again appointed Grand Master, and again in 1755, from which time

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        but little is known of this Grand Liodge. In 1785, they sold their Lodge, and gave a part of the pro- ceeds to the poor of the City of Philadelphia.

        The York Masons, or " Ancients," were in a floarish- ing condition at this time, and afterwards absorbed all that were left of the " Moderns/' No trace of them can now be found in Pennsylvania ; their decline and final extinction were attributed to their adherence to the Boyal cause, while the York Masons were said to be favorable to the Revolutionary movement.

        Thus, as stated. Freemasonry in Pennsylvania is pre- sented as having been organized in a Lodge (whether hdd by preaoriiiive righfor under . w.rL., e«m,* now be proved), with proper officers, working for some indefinite time prior to June, 1731, as shown by their ledger.

        The present records of the Grand Lodge commence July 29, 1779, and have continued up to the present time. It is thought that during the Revolutionary War, as Philadelphia was a great centre of the troubles during that war, all the papers and records of the Grand Lodge were either lost or destroyed, and only tradition gives any idea of the transactions up to the above date. The oldest minute-book now known is that of Lodge No. 3, which goes back to November 19, 1767, and comes up to the present time; and it refers to an older book.

        December 28, 1778, the Grand Lodge, with the Brethren, about three hundred, celebrated St. John the

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        Evangelist's Day, and Brother William Smith, D.D., preached a sermon. General Washington was present on that occasion. Reverend Brother William Smith, having abridged and digested the Ahiman Bezon, it was adopted by the Grand Lodge, November 22, 1781. At the Quarterly Communication of Grand Lodge, September 25, 1786, steps were taken to sever the official relations between the Grand Lodge and the Grand Lodge of England, by the following :

        ^^ Besolvedj That this Grand Lodge is, and ought to be, a Grand Lodge independent of Great Britain or any other au- thority whatever, and that they are not under any ties to any Grand Lodge except those of brotherly love and afPection, which they will always be happy to cultivate and preserve with all Lodges throughout the globe/'

        The Grand Lodge, having up to this time been under a warrant from the Grand Lodge of England, was closed entirely. Thirteen different Lodges under warrants of the preceding Grand Lodge of Pennsyl- vania, having full power from their constituent mem- bers, —

        ^^ Resolved, That the Lodges under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, lately held under the authority of the Grand Lodge of England, will, and do now, form them- selves into a Grand Lodge, to be called the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania and Masonic Jurisdiction thereimto belonging, to be held in Philadelphia ; and that the late Grand Officers con- tinue to be the Grand Officers of Pennsylvania, invested with all the powers, jurisdictions, pre-eminence, and authority there-

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        unto belonging, till the usual time of the next election ; and that the Grand Lodge and particular Lodges govern themselves by the Rules and Begulations heretofore established till other rules and regulations shall be adopted."

        June 24, 1834, the Grand Lodge celebrated '' The Centennial Anniversary of the establishment of the first Lodge in Pennsylvania, of which Lodge Brother Benjamiit Fbanklin was the first Master." This antedated the claim made by Massachusetts of the first Lodge having been established by Pbice in 1733. The date was evidently mistaken, as the ^^ Liber B," since having been discovered, shows the date of June, 1731.

        On June 24, 1734, Fbanklin was elected Grand Master, and it was in November of that year his letter to Pbice was written, asking for a copy of his deputa- tion as Provincial Grand Master, etc.

        The Act of Independence of our Grand Lodge was gracefully acknowledged and fraternally recognized by the mother Grand Lodge of England. Li their con- gratulatory letter of brotherly love and of G^d-speed occurs a passage so happily freighted with " thoughts that breathe and words that burn," that I may be par- doned for quoting it: "Having p«n«d," Ly ij, " your Book of Constitutions, we reflect with pleasure that the Grand Lodge of England has given birth to a Grand Lodge in the Western World, whose strict adherence to the ancient and immutable landmarks of our Order reflects honor on its original founders. We

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        conceive that, in constituting your Grand Lodge, we necessarily communicated to it the same independent Masonic authority within your Jurisdiction which we ourselves possessed within ours ; amenable to no supe- rior jurisdiction under heaven, and subject only to the immutable Landmarks of the Order."

        Of this counsel, coming from our Alma Mater, this Grand Lodge has ever been mindful. As the in- structive words of a prudent father sink deep into the heart and understanding of an obedient and respectful child, so did this Grand Lodge, in its youth, cherish this message of wisdom from our ancient and honorable ancestor.

        There is one event in the history of the Grand Lodge which to us, as Pennsylvania Masons of the present generation, seems strange. In the year 1780, the Grand Lodge took into consideration the propriety and necessity of appointing a Grand Master over all the Grand Lodges formed or to be formed in these United States, and after it was so resolved, the Brother who was ** first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen," was by this Grand Lodge unanimously elected Grand Master of Masons throughout the United States.

        The concurrence in this movement by the several Grand Lodges of the United States was most strenu- ously urged by our Grand Lodge, and very persuasive arguments were used for the purpose of bringing about united action. In after-years different and better

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        miaebindton Seequi^entennial Hnniverean?

        counsels prevaUed, for we find that, in answer to simi- lar propositions from other Grand Lodges, this Grand Lodge declared it to be inexpedient and impracticable to establish a Supreme Superintending Grand Lodge in the United States. It was, however, the sense of our Grand Lodge that a more intimate union should be formed and a permanent intercourse established between the several Grand Lodges.

        All of the projects were finally abandoned.

        December 4, 1843, the change was permanently made whereby all the business of the Lodge, also the opening and closing of the Lodge, must be in the Mas- ter's Degree. It was at this time, also, that under the Lodge warrant those possessing the higher Degrees could confer them. Several of the Lodges, as many as four, worked the Royal Arch Degree. In 1849 Frank- lin Lodge, No. 134, was authorized to loan its warrant to confer the Order of the Temple on Encampment No. 2, in Philadelphia. Also Union Lodge, No. 121, was authorized to loan its warrant to organize Union Encampment, No. 6. This resolution of Grand Lodge was rescinded on February 16, 1867.

        In point of dignity and infiuence our Grand Lodge is first among its equals on this or any other continent, and during all of her years has carefully guarded the Ancient Customs, discountenanced all so-called improve- ments, suffered neither discord nor concision to dis- turb the peace and brotherly affection that prevails among the Lodges, which now number more than four

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        hundred, haying a constituent membership of more than sixty thousand good men and true.

        Our oLd Lodge' h» for i., h„.e, i. the Ci.y of Philadelphia^ this unique edifice in which we meet, the pride and treasure of every true Mason in our Juris- diction. It was erected at a cost of over a million and a half dollars, without defaulting on a single obligation, without a mortgage being created, and with no security offered for deferred payments save that of faith in the integrity of our great Fraternity.

        It may be interesting for some of you to know that the Grand Lodge is a generous dispenser of charity, through the several great charity funds, amounting in the aggregate to about three hundred thousand dollars, — ^the Grand Lodge Charity Fund, the Girard Be- quest, the Thomaa B. Fatten Memorial Charity Fund, and the Stephen Taylor Bequest.

        In the Grand Lodge Charity Fund we now have, in cash and investments, one hundred and five thousand dollars ; in the Girard Bequest, seventy thousand dol- lars; and the Fatten Memorial Fund, established by the generosity of a Brother whom most of you know, and who is present with us to-day, amounts to one hundred and one thousand dollars.

        What a permanent fund for benevolent work, my Brethren! What an imperishable institution is Ma^ sonry, which takes by the hand the Brother who has fallen in the battle of life and kindly raises him to his feet again ; that gently brushes from his brow the dust

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        of defeat, and encourages him to go forth again with renewed strength and a firmer determination !

        What a noble institution is this, which in the silent watches, unobserved, carries joy and gladness to the lonely and desolate of earth I

        Ours is a charity that knows no difference between the cross of Christ and the crescent of Mahomet, but that lovingly regards every one as a child of the Great Father who heeds, who holds them all in His great love and boundless thought.

        The conservatism of our Grand Lodge, our close ob- servance of Ancient Usages, Customs, and Landmarks, and the discouragement of innovation are known and read of all men ; we are justly proud of the record we have made in the century and three-quarters of our existence, and of the distinguished Brethren prominent in our success. Many of them have joined the Crafts- men in the quarries of the Great Beyond, but of those who remain none are more conspicuous or distinguished than those whom I have the pleasure this evening to address. (Prolonged applause.)

        The second regular toast, which was drunk in si- lence, " The Memory of our Deceased Brother, George Washington," was proposed by Brother George W. Kendrick, Jr., R. W. Senior Grand Warden of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, who said, —

        To me has been assigned the very pleasant duty of proposing the next toast and introducing the speaker.

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        The toast itself is suggestive of this distinguished assemblage to do honor to the memory of our distin- guished Brother George Washington.

        Yesterday we were engaged in the contest for supremacy politically; to-day we are assembled around the festive board in social intercourse, vying with each other as to '' who can best work and best agree/' proving to the world at large that our motto, PratemHyy Fidelity^ Philanthropy^ and Gharityy are not mere high-sounding words, but the principles of our Fraternity religiously ^observed and practically carried out.

        I take great pleasure in proposing the toast, '^ The Memory of our Deceased Brother George Washing- ton," and call upon our distinguished Brother George W. Guthrie, of Pittsburgh, to respond. (Applause.)

        Brother George W. Guthrie, Past Master of Franklin Lodge, No. 221, responded as follows :

        THE MEMORY OF OUR DECEASED BROTHER

        GEORGE WASHINGTON

        Bight Worshipful Grand Master and Brethren : We appreciate the inadequacy of words when we attempt to give expression to the feelings evoked in the hearts of Americans by the name of Washington. (Applause.)

        This is largely due to the fact that his life is so in- extricably interwoven with every phase of our national

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        existence that the names '^ Washikotok" and '' Amer- ica" seem to us aknost interchangeable. We cannot think of one without the other, and each inspires a patriotic love which drowns out all weaker sentiments and defies analysis.

        But it is also partly due to the &ct that in the wor- ship of our hero we have quite lost sight of the man, so that, divested of his humanity, in death, as in life, he stands alone.

        His life was essentially a lonely one : ** Long trained in murder-brooding forests lone," the isolation forced upon him by the circumstances and surroundings of his early Ufe became a habit, which clung to him in his later years and was intensified by the loving and reverent admiration of his fellow-citizens which hedged him round when, ^^ blest in all tongues and dear to every blood," he calmly waited for the final call of the Grand Master of all.

        It was a wonderful life in its evenness and complete sufficiency for every situation in which he was placed. Without any striving for efiect he met every responsi- bility and discharged every duty, the only dramatic feature being ^^its dignity, its strength, its calm of passion restrained, its inviolable reserve," carrying with it a sense of power the limit of whidi was never reached.

        When but little more than a boy, he undertook the survey of wild lands, living for months at a time in unbroken forests and surrounded by Indians liable at

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        any moment to break into open hostility or resort to individual outrages, and doing his work to the com- plete and entire satisfetction of his employer.

        A little later he took part in the struggles against the French and Indians, risking his life with the indif- ference characteristic of a thoroughly healthy and vig- orous body, after his first campaign writing to his brother that '^ I heard the bullets whistle, and, believe, me, there is something charming m the sound." (Ap- plause.)

        In a smaller nature there would be an element of bravado in this, but with him it waa unquestionably a truthful expression of his physical sensations in battle.

        In the same manner, when the disagreements be- tween England and the Colonies reached an acute stage, he quietly, and as a matter of course, took the side of his native colony.

        Believing, as he wrote to his friend Geobge Mason, in the supreme importance of " the liberty which we have derived from our ancestors," and that ^^ no man should scruple or hesitate a moment to use arms in de- fence of so valuable a blessing on which all the good and evil of life depends," he did not " scruple or hesi- tate a moment" when he was called upon to make his choice. He firmly opposed the illegal actions of king and Parliament, by peaceful means at first, but, when they failed, by arms ; and, abandoning the mode of life in which he was so prosperous and successful, and in which he took such keen pleasure, he, on the call of

        TKnaebington Seequi^entennial Bnniipersan?

        his fellow-citizens, accepted the command of the Colo- nial troops, placing himself in the position where, in case of failure, for him, at least, there would be no hope of pardon.

        In the glory of his final victory, we are too apt to lose sight of the £act that his military career, both in the French and Indian War and in the Revolution, was characterized rather by defeats than by successful battles. Yet, unless we do remember this, we fail to get a proper appreciation of the man whose character was so strong that it was neither depressed by tempo- rary defeat, nor elated by final success, taking each as they came with the same fine self-poise which, under all circumstances, held the confidence of his country- men. (Applause.)

        Neither did he ever yield to that natural vanity which would have tempted a weaker man in his posi- tion to endeavor to control and dominate the great movements of his time.

        As he neither attempted to precipitate what now seems to have been the inevitable breach between Eng- land and the Colonies, but simply took his part in each phase of the contest as it arose, so at the conclusion of the war he repudiated every suggestion that he should attempt to assume a' dictatorship.

        The work he had undertaken being completed, he voluntarily retired to private life until the growing spirit of nationality led the people to the adoption of the Constitution which made us a nation, when his

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        fellow-citizens, as they had done at the outbreak of the Bevolution, without dissent, demanded his leadership, and, calling on him for a final service, placed in his hands the destinies of the nation just born.

        When, in 1776, he took command of the armies raised by the Congress of the United Colonies, a new nation became a possibility ; when he assumed his office as President, it became a fact ; when after two terms as Chief Executive he voluntarily retired from office, its character as a Bepublic was unchangeably fixed.

        In the diary of a contemporary we find this personal description of him about the time when, retiring to private life, he wrote his final letter of advice to his fellow-dtizens :

        ^' A little stiff in his person, not a little formal in his manner, not particularly at his ease in the presence of strangers, he had the bearing of a country gentle- man not accustomed to mix much in society ; perfectly polite, but not easy in his address and conversation, and not graceful in his gait and movements.''

        With passions which in his youth were said to have stirred him to terrible wrath, he had learned to curb them, so that no one ever saw him in a passion; essentially practical, and with great capability for busi- ness, .he strove for "whatsoever was just and honest and lovely and of good report," making great sacri- fices for what he conceived right.

        Such as his person and personality were, however, they satisfied the hearts of his countrymen, and he

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        carried with him to the grave their love, their grati- tude, and their admiration, — a devotion which has been passed on from generation to generation, and will last while the liberties he loved retain their place in the affections of the people.

        He was the ideal free citizen of a free country, (Applause.)

        Conscious of the innate dignity of his own manhood, unattracted by the glamour of place, power, and riches, and unrepelled by their absence, he could be " brother to a prince, or fellow to a beggar, if both were found worthy,'* in an age when belief in the divine right of kings and in class distinctions was the rule rather than the exception.

        Keenly alive to the comforts, pleasures, and enjoy- ments which his vigorous health and private means afforded him, he constantly exposed himself to the greatest hardships, and risked Hfe, liberty, and prop- erty rather than abate one jot of his own or his coun- try's rights.

        Capable and successAil in business, he would without hesitation lay aside his own private concerns and as- sume any public labor to which he was called, ever placing his duty to his country before his private interests.

        Without any craving for place or power, he accepted office when his services were needed by his country, used it as a sacred public trust, and, when the duty im- posed upon him had been fulfilled, laid it aside without

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        having once made his position " a vantage-ground for winged ambition/' or its influence and power a means to promote any private ends.

        Grateful of appreciation, he never swerved from the strict line of duty to court favor or silence clamor, fear- lessly following the right as Gk>D gave it to him to see it, making his aim " the eternal right rather than the temporary good." (Applause.)

        It is a glorious story. It rouses us like a trumpet- call to duty, and should be a household tale in the home of every American, that children hearing it may learn to emulate his patriotism, and be wiUing as he was to consecrate their lives to the service of their country.

        Nor should they be allowed to forget those other men who worked with him, rendering faithful and efficient service to their country both in war and in peace, and aiding to make for us a nation great and free.

        Their simple and pure surrender of self to duty earned the love of their contemporaries, and entitles them to the respect of all men. (Applause.)

        Our flag is the emblem of our nationality, our Constitution, and our liberties. In heraldry, as we all know, its stripes are symbolical of the thirteen original States, and its stars of those which at any time constitute the Union ; but we should also learn to re- gard its red stripes as the symbol of the pure blood willingly given in defence of liberty, and its white

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        as the symbol of those who spent their lives in its service bearing through aU their tract of years the white flower of a blameless life, and its stars as the symbol of those pure souls who loved and worked for it in any capacity, and from the heaven to which they

        We ^ne W^down with benediction on dl who

        strive, however humbly, to follow in their footsteps. (Applause.)

        GfoD grant us peace and safety, — ^not a cowardly peace, purchased by craven submission to wrong, but such as comes when " a strong man armed keepeth his own house." And if trouble comes, let it be met as they met it, as brothers standing shoulder to shoulder in defence of the right, and though the *^ four quarters of the world should come against us, we still shall shock them."

        To this end let us cherish the memory of our Brother, ''the beautiful, the strong, and, best of all, the good." (Prolonged applause.)

        The third regular toast, " Freemasonry Around the Globe," was proposed by Brother Geobge B. Orlady, R. W. Junior Grand Warden of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, who said, —

        When Peter the Hermit and Pope Urban II. roused the world with the cry, " Recover the Holy Sepulchre," the dormant good of that age was fanned into a flame which maintained its force for two centuries.

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        The Sign of the Cross represented the best motive in history. It was the badge of honor on the shoulder of king and palmer ; it stood at the wayside fountain and glittered from the cathedral spire. The Western world &oed the East to recover the dwelling-place of the Son of God. The religious creed of the world was severed by the Reformation, but the teaching of Freemasonry remained unchanged. With all the mutations of the ages, with the coming and going of empires and republics, whether they were born of conquest or revolution, whether they were of long or short life, whether they existed in splendor an^ power, or failed before a record of any achievement was made, the Masonic code was taught, if not practised, as the basis of what was best for man. I ask response to this toast of a Brother who, as a wise and learned prelate, joins to the cardinal doctrines of Freemasonry the teachings of the Son of God, so that around the globe all the peoples thereof may be at peace with life and content with death. (Applause.)

        Bight Beverend Brother Hewey Codman Potter, D.D., LL.D., D.C.L., Past Grand Chaplain of the Grand Lodge of New York, and Bishop of New York, after some playM allusions to his neighbors at the lower end of the table, — Brothers Chables Emory Smith, John Wanamaker, Gk)vernor-elect Pennypacker, and the Reverend Doctor McConnell, — ^which were received with great laughter, proceeded as follows :

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        TROaBbington SesQui^entennfal Hnnitpereac!?

        FREEMASONRY AROUND THE GLOBE

        The moBt impresaive note in Masonry is its law of brotherhood. My own early connection with the Fra- ternity was somewhat intermittent, and when I came to New York to reside, I did not, for some years, identify myself with any Lodge there. But on one occasion, I made, I remember, a visit to Holland Lodge, and saw there two divines, who usually spent their Sundays in reviling each other's opinions, en- gaged in amicable and fraternal conversation. The Masonic Lodge, men and Brethren, was, apparently, the only place on earth where this could come to pass ! (Applause.)

        And the impressive feature of it was and is, that this is not merely a local, or a national, but a universal note. Two or three years ago I went, in company with a clerical friend, round the world.

        " We travelled far, strange countries for to see,"

        as the poet sings; but we never got so far that we didn't find a Mason and a Masonic Lodge I Japan, China, the Philippines, Burma, India, Ceylon, — they all disclosed them, and with them the inheritance of those great ideas for which Masonry stands. (Ap- plause.)

        And at this point it is, I think, that we find the '^ angle of incidence" with that great mind and charac- ter that we commemorate here to-day. I have often

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        heard people say that they could not see what Wash- ington had in common with Masonry, which, knowing nothing about it, they usually think of as an archaic ceremonialism, belonging to earlier and less enlight- ened ages, and distinguished chiefly for quaint and over-elaborate formalities. And yet Washington be- came a Mason, believed in Masonry, and practised it. (Applause.) Yes, and therein showed that large and rare intuition that made of him the statesman, the sol- dier, and the leader of men that he was. For Masonry enshrines two or three really ffreat ideas, the realiza- tion and practice of which are to have more to do with the re-creation of human society on this earth than all else besides. Washington grasped these, and their relation to the life of the new Republic. Happy shall we be if in this, as in other things, we imitate his bright example. (Prolonged applause.)

        The Chorus then sang "The Entered 'Prentices Song."

        The fourth toast, " The Country of which Washing- ton was the Father," was proposed by the R. W. Grand Master, who said, —

        It was the privilege of the Jurisdiction of Virginia to produce Geobge Washington, while it was the good fortune of the valley of the Juniata, in our own Jurisdiction, to produce another Geobge, only a little less distinguished.

        283

        This valley is noted for its distinguished sons, many of whom have gained prominence in the business, social, and Masonic world ; but for none of them do we entertain a higher regard than for the Bight Worship- ful Junior Grand Warden, Brother Geobge B. Ob- lady, who will respond to the toast, "The Country of which Washington was the Father."

        Brother Geobge B. Obladt, B. W. Junior Grand Warden, and a Judge of the Superior Court of Penn- sylvania, responded as follows :

        THE COUNTRY OF WHICH WASHINGTON

        WAS THE FATHER

        When his Britannic Majesty Greorge III. acknowl- edged the Thirteen American Colonies to be free, sov- ereign, and independent United States, and treated them as such, to the end that there should be a firm and perpetual peace between his English subjects and the Colonial citizens, there was presented a new subject for statecraft; and the wise men of the Old World were of one mind as to the fate of that experi- mental republic.

        To create a new government was the last result desired by the Colonies when they began the protest against the oppression of the mother-country ; and when the successful rebels were required to agree upon an arrangement and organization of their work, diU- gent search was made among the models of ancient and

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        modem republics and confederacies, and each was re- jected in its turn as unsuited to the new nature of things.

        The success of that enterprise meant not only relief from existing grievances, but the added obligation of making it possible for fiiture generations to organize and maintain a civic government founded upon indi- vidual liberty. Each section selected its ablest repre- sentatives to speak for and to defend its local interests, and from that fiery outburst in 1776, which dissolved the political bonds connecting the Colonies with the home government, down through all the gradations of the Colonial conventions, resolutions, declarations, and protests, to the final approval of the Constitution by the last of the contracting Colonies in 1790, all the people of that country were tensely drawn by a common purpose. Individual ambition. State rivalry, and local jealousies were fortunately merged in the hope of an effective combination which would insure safety to the Union as a whole as well as to Colonial interests.

        To secure wise rulers was as important a difficulty as to frame a plan of government. Prominence in leadership only emphasized the peril in case of fidlure. The step of rebellion once taken became forever final. By the alchemy of revolution a new country was created and a rebel chief became its directing father ; his followers were transmuted from a horde of irre- sponsible insurgents to citizens of a fixed government With all the ability and patriotism represented in the

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        final meeting of delegates, only two names were sag- gested of sach exceptional prominence as to justify their being placed in control of the destiny of that new government. One, Benjamin Franklin, a Past Grand Master of this Grand Lodge, who, as a delegate from this State, named the other, George Washing- ton, a member of one of our then Subordinate Lodges, as the one man pre-eminently fitted for the hazardous office of our first President The selection was so wise that his memory is revered in popular rejoicings on his natal day, and his grave is yet a nation's shrine. (Applause.)

        This new country differed from all others preceding it. It was founded upon principles which had been rejected by all former systems, and was formed by people the majority of whom were under ban of law of their home nation. The intensity of their purpose was equalled only by the helplessness of their condition. S.e individual citizen was the unit of strength ; the home was the unit of happiness ; the union of States was the speaking and fighting force for all. The invo- cation in the Treaty of Paris was, " In the name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity," and when its flag was unfurled it represented the first governmental em- blem dedicated to a union of the Fatherhood of God and the brotherhood of man, and it has been a con- tinuing defender of liberty for man. Since the day of declaration, at home and abroad, on land and on sea, in peace and in war, and in every clime, under all condi-

        Ztoc TTaMe Xobdc

        tions, it has represented honor and security to and for all Americans. (Applause.) The announcement of the new government was received by the nations of the Old World, first in doubt as an act of contumacy, and then in derision as the attempt to do an impossible thing. It faced dangers in front, rear, and flank, honor and diplomacy contended for mastery, unex- pected tests were applied, which the founders had not anticipated, but its creed was broad enough and its statesmen were wise enough to preserve the integrity of the structure by appeals to the source of all power in a repubUc, an honest and inteUigent citizenship, so that, despite the sneer of the Old World sceptic, it has written more for civilized history, more for the better-

        the world's record of nations. (Applause.) From 1789 to 1902, from Washington to Roosevelt, the chronicle has been unbroken; whether the President has been Federal, Whig, Democrat, or Republican, he has been the representative of a higher iype, of a broader life, and of higher ideals of citizenship than his immediate predecessor, and the people at large We been tnuied to b, e™=tu,g in tieir denJd that each Executive should represent an increase of wisdom and zeal. (Applause.)

        The only support of the founders was their own declaration in their mutual pledge that, in the event of failure, their lives, fortunes, and sacred honor should be joined for forfeiture.

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        Tniaebington Seaqui^centennfal Bnniversar^

        Neighboring savages were bat a minor obstacle as compared with internal discord and rivalry of am- bitioiis leaders. To preserve the general welfi&re pro- vision was made for the large indebtedness of the several Colonies when the nation was without money or credit. The rapacity of the money changers of other lands, the intriguing diplomats abroad, and treason at home, made foreign alliances matters of exceptional peril. In continuing fear of fatally testing their own government, they were obliged to negotiate

        It required the trials of threeHjuarters of a century to establish the certainty of a government '^ of the people, by the people, and for the people.'* (Applause.)

        The ancient Masonic virtues of fortitude, prudence, and justice were observed in the local and foreign wars, international treaties, and wise amendments of their powers, which have made a web and woof of order and law for the country of which Washington waa the Father, so as to present for fiiture ages an unchallenged success, designed and directed under principles as eternal as truth. Thirteen dependencies were developed into a cohesive union of forty-five States, half girdling the globe, with seventy-five mil- lions of free people. The country has met and solved in honor every question affecting the rights of man, property, and nation ; and the government of which Washington was the Father stands to-day for its earliest sentiment, the greatest good to the greatest

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        number, with liberty to all under the law. (Prolonged applause.)

        " The Star Spangled Banner" was sung by all the Brethren.

        The fifth toast, " The Grand Lodge of which Wash- ington was a Member," was proposed by the R. W. Deputy Grand Master, who said, —

        Brethren, one of the galaxy of stars which adorns the American flag, to which our Brother Guthbie has alluded, represents one of the greatest States in the nation. One of the stripes represents that same State, one of the original coterie of thirteen that laid the foundation of this government; the State which was named for the Virgin Queen of England; a State known as the ^^ Old Dominion," and which has been called the '^ Home of the Presidents ;" a State that had the earliest settlement in the United States; a State that once held under its dominion part of the great State of Pennsylvania west of the Allegheny Moun- tains; but it is because of her being the home and birthplace of our deceased Brother Geobge Wash- ington, whom we reverence and whom we honor here, that she has the greatest importance with us this evening. (Applause.)

        When I heard one of the speakers allude to the fact that Geobge Washington had once thrown a stone Mross the Kappahannock, I thought he was going to

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        muidbinoton Se0qtti<^centennial Hnnii^ersar^

        to the thrilling and entrancing melodies of a grand orchestra.

        Washington, the model citizen, has been ably pre- sented ; Washington as a Mason has been eloquently discussed ; and I am to speak of the Grand Lodge of which Washington was a member.

        It will be necessary for me to go back to the early days of Masonry in Virginia, for then it was that Washington was prominently connected with Masonry in the Old Dominion. The names of the men who first introduced Masonry into the Colony of Virginia are no longer inscribed upon the tablets of memory. No marble statues preserve for us their forms and fea- tures, and no splendid mausoleum holds their earthly remains; but the imperishable monument that com- memorates their labor of love and life of usefiilness is the more than one hundred and fifty years of Masonic beneficence in Virginia. And as we celebrate to-day events in the past history of Freemasonry of which we are justly proud, let us pause for a moment and remember the unknown founders of Masonry in the Colonies of America. Little did they dream of the immense possibilities to which they were giving being ; they took neither care nor heed to make themselves known ; they began the work, knowing that the work goeth on although the workman perishes ; and in their self-abnegation they left us nothing to immortalize their names. But to-day I would remember them. To their spirits, to their love for Masonry, to their zeal in

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        its behalf, I pay a loving tribute, and bid you join with me and give to them your remembrance and your grati- tude, for they made possible what we are doing to-day. And, verily, they shall have their reward ; though un- known to men, their deeds are recorded and laid up in the archives of the Celestial City, where they shall endure as long as the cycles of eternity shall roll. (Applause.)

        Norfolk, the ancient borough, was the birthplace of Virginia Masonry, and in that city, I claim, was estab- lished the first Masonic Lodge in America chartered by a regular Grand Lodge. Some of my Brethren here will doubtless say that you Virginia Masons make strong claims as to your antiquity, and I plead guilty to the charge, but we generally establish what we claim, until some good Brother goes us one better. There was in 1733 a Lodge of Masons meeting in the borough of Norfolk known as the " Broyal '^Exchange." This we find in the *Freeman*s Pocket Companion, which was published in Edinburgh in 1765, and gives the date of this Lodge as constituted in 1733.

        The Grand Lodge of Virginia was contemplated in the year 1777, at the time when the American Colonies were enveloped in the dark and [lowering clouds of the bloody and sanguinary Revolution. Little thought the men who met in the old Capitol at Williamsburg, May 6, 1777, representing only five Lodges, ivhat a temple they were about to build, — a temple of living stones, whose glory might well challenge the glory of the one

        243

        VOasbinoton Sesqui^entennial Hnniveteaci?

        at whoBe buUding our Institution was said to have been founded. Their names have been handed down to us, names not inscribed on the pages of our national his- tory, for outside of Masonry they are no longer re- membered; but no Virginia Mason will ever forget them, neither should he allow his children to forget them. Plain, simple, and cogent were the reasons which they drew up the foUowing day, setting forth why the Masons of Virginia should be free and inde- pendent. A little over a month later they met again in convention for the purpose of electing a Grand Master. In order that success might crown their efforts, they recommended for that office a man whose very name carried with it such power, such glory, and such grandeur as the name of no other American citizen has ever possessed, — Geobge Washington, a member of Fredericksburg Lodge, No. 4. At this time Wash- ington was at the head of the army of the American Colonies, bravely fighting for the independence of the country upon whose altar he had placed himself a liv- ing sacrifice, successAilly forcing Lord Howe to evac- uate the colony of New Jersey. On account of his multitudinous duties, Washington had to decline the position offered him. To communicate with Washing- ton and get a reply required considerable time in those days, and it was sixteen months later when James Mebceb called another convention of the Lodges in Virginia. There met with him James Fountaine, Duncan Bose, James McClung, Bobebt Andbewb,

        244

        Zbc ZnW Xoboe

        John Galt, and James Bolcheb. A glance at these names shows that England, Scotland^ Ireland, France, and Germany had met in Virginia that day. What a symbol of the universality of Masonry I (Applause.)

        John Blaib was elected first Grand Master of Masons in Virginia, and with him commences that long line of illustrious men who have given life, tone, strength, beauty, and symmetry to the Grand Lodge of Virginia, and to whose fellowship I, although unworthy to loose even the latchets of their shoes, was promoted by the kindness of my Brethren, the proudest gift I can ever hope or desire to obtain.

        John Blaib was the first man appointed by Wash- ington to the Federal judiciary. He was a member of the House of Burgesses, and of the great convention to revise the Articles of Confederation, and at a later day was a Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Can any Grand Lodge in the world show a pedigree commencing better than this ?

        James Mebceb, Blaib's successor, was a distin- guished jurist, whose name has long lingered in worthy and honored descendants. He was a member of the House of Burgesses, of the Continental Congress, and of the Virginia Convention, and judge of the first Court of Appeals in Virginia. He wrote Maby Wash- ington's will.

        Our third Grand Master was Edmund Randolph, a member of that distinguished family whose descendants have filled many of the great offices in Virginia, and

        246

        VOasbinoton Sesqui-iCentennial Hnniveraar^

        whose blood flowed in the veins of three Presidents of the United States. Not unworthy of the House of Randolph was Edmund. He was a member of the House of Burgesses, governor of the Old Dominion, member of the Convention that framed the Constitution of the United States, Attorney-Gteneral of the United States, member of Congress, and Secretary of State of the United States ; and he signed the Charter of Alex- andria (now AlexandriarWashington) Lodge, appoint- ing George Washington Master.

        Another in this list of Grand Masters is one whose name shines conspicuously upon the pages of our na- tional history, — ^the great and learned jurist, John Marshall. He was a gallant captain in the Conti- nental army, member of Congress, Secretary of State, envoy to France, and Chief Justice of the United States, the greatest jurist of the greatest tribunal the world has ever known. (Applause.)

        The names of these men coupled with that of Wash- ington show that Masonry had taken a deservedly high rank in Virginia, and even then was worthy of the boast *^ that the greatest and the best of men have never deemed it derogatory to their dignity to level themselves with the Fraternity, extend their privi- leges, and patronize their assemblies."

        Time would fail me to tell of a score of others who shine as stars of the first magnitude in the galaxy of Virginia Masonry, I have mentioned only a few of those Grand Masters who were intimately associated

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        with the immortal Washington, and among all these distingaished men I have mentioned there is not one who stands out in such bold and brilliant relief as Washington himself. Virginia Masons are justly proud of the fact that he is numbered among our ranks. We are proud that we initiated Washington into Ma- sonry, and that we can rejoice with you to-day that this initiation has for one hundred and fifty years contin- ued to add new lustre to Masonry. Ebwabd Eveb- ett has well said, ^^ He was indeed a model citizen, a model soldier, a model gentleman, and a model Mason." (Applause.)

        When Henry of Navarre was about to engage in the battle of Ivry he held a council of war. One of his generals said some arrangements should be made to retreat in good order if they should be defeated. The king looked at him with fire in his eyes and said, '^ There shall be no defeat ; follow the plume in my helmet, and I will lead you to victory." The battle began, and, in the words of Macaulay, —

        " In they burst, and on they rushed, while, like a guiding star, In the thickest of the carnage blazed the helmet of Navarre."

        His men followed the helmet worn by their com- mander, and victory was theirs. 80 to-day the voice of Washington comes down the years that are gone, saying to every true American citizen, follow me, and peace, happiness, and prosperity shall crown your efforts. (Applause.)

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        TRIIaebinoton Sesqui^entennial Hnniversar^

        In war, he was the patient, persevering leader of the American patriots ; in peace, he is the model by which we are to fashion ourselves to be useful citizens of our incomparable and unconquerable country ; and it will thus remain so long as Washington's Qod is our God. (Applause.)

        To the Grand Master and the Grand Lodge of Penn- sylvania are we indebted for the esteemed privilege of participating in this celebration. I extend to you, Bight Worshipful Sir, the sincere thanks of the Masons of Virginia for your kind invitation and gen- erous hospitality, not only to myself, but to the other Virginia Masons who have come at your bidding. I I feel that it is good to be here. On yesterday I knew Pbesident Boosevelt only as the Chief Magistrate of our great country ; to-day I know him as my Brother. (Applause.) Heretofore I have known many of the other distinguished Masons present only by the printed page ; to-day I have grasped their hands and looked into their faces, and feel that a stronger fraternal tie exists between us.

        My Brethren, let us to-day resolve that the fires of Freemasonry shall burn brighter upon the altar of our hearts, and as the incense of brotherly love arises therefrom, as a sweet-smelling savor, may the smoke thereof, as it ascends towards Heaven, form itself into letters against the horizon large enough to be seen by every one over whom floats the Stars and Stripes of Old Glory, spelling these words: We are Brethren! (Prolonged applause.)

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        Zhe Ii;able Xoboe

        " Away down South in Dixie" was sung by all the Brethren.

        The sixth toast, "The Commonwealth of Pennsyl- vania," was proposed by the R. W. Senior Grand Warden, who said, —

        Every Brother within the sound of my voice is proud of the Commonwealth in which he lives. (Applause.) We are proud of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, standing side by side with the sister States throughout these United States ; we are proud of her because of her natural products, her coal, her iron, her oil, and her lumber, sufficient to supply all the demands that are made upon her. (Applause.) We are proud of our Gt)vemor ; we are proud that he is a Mason, and that he is present with us to-night. (Applause.) I take great pleasure in proposing the toast, *^ The Common- wealth of Pennsylvania," and will call upon Brother William A. Stone, the Governor of our State, to re- spond to that toast. (Prolonged applause.)

        Brother William A. Stone, Governor of Pennsyl- vania, responded as follows :

        THE COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA

        Brethren, I should like very much to discuss and bring to your attention the wealth and glory of the past and the future of the great State of Pennsylvania, but I am quite well aware that we have many visiting

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        VOasbinoton Se0qtti<^centennial Hnnii^eraar^

        Brethren here from other States, and, no matter what I might say, they would still retain their preference for their own States. (Laughter.)

        I do not know that I wish to say anything, even if I could, that might lead you all to emigrate to Penn- sylvania, because we have a great deal of trouble aa it is. (Laughter.) I do not know of anything good that can be said of any State that might not be said and re- peated of Pennsylvania. But I will not punish you by saying it.

        I am proud of the fact that when Masonry first planted itself on the soil of our State it attracted the best men of the State ; and the best men of the State have always been Maaons and are Masons to-night. (Applause.)

        There are many good men in Pennsylvania who are not Masons, but they are following the principles of Masonry. (Applause.) We are proud to include some of our most reputable citizens in our Fraternity, who are here to-day in this great meeting, and I am proud of the fact that not only Pennsylvania, but all the States have sent representative men here who are honored at home and are leaders in the professions and industries and all that pertain to their States. (Ap- plause.)

        I am proud of Pennsylvania, and I am proud of the people of Pennsylvania, — ^proud of their past and certain of their future. (Applause.)

        Pennsylvania has sixty thousand Masons, almost one

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        per cent, of her entire population. The enrolment of able-bodied men for the defence of the State numbers nine hundred and fifty thousand, and six per cent, of that number are Masons in good standing in Penn- sylvania. (Applause.)

        I was made a Mason a great many years ago, for- tunately for me, after they had abandoned the custom of the use of alcohol on the outside in initiation. (Laughter.) I lived in a little country town, and had been elected a member, but not initiated, and was wait- ing for the next regular meeting of the Lodge, when the Grand Lodge Officers visited the town and it was desirable to do some work. I was sent for and a dis- pensation was granted, and I took all three degrees in one night,— and it was a very warm night. (Laughter.)

        I came away with a confused notion of Masonry and an everlasting sympathy for the man who did Masonic work. (Applause.)

        I have heard much to-day, and heartily join in all that has been said concerning George Washington. We have praised him, and eulogized him, and eaten him at this table. (Laughter.) Nearly everything that ever happened to George Washington has been referred to, except the story about the hatchet. (Laugh- ter.) Whether that was thought to be inappropriate upon this occasion or not, I do not know. I never did think anyhow that George Washington in that par- ticulax instance did anything so very greatly to his credit. I cannot see that there was such a great temp-

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        tation to lie about that cherry-tree. (Laughter.) Of course, had he lived in this day and age of the world, the temptation would have been far greater. (Laugh- ter.) It is true, his conscience was bothered with the cherry-tree, but Geoboe Washington never ran a newspaper, and he never ran for office in Pennsyl- vania. (Prolonged laughter.)

        I congratulate you all, and I congratulate this noble Fraternity of ours that can so heartily and so frater- nally gather about these boards and greet each other, and look good-natured towards each other on the fifth of November, although it comes so close to the fourth of November. (Laughter.)

        It is a great compliment to this Fraternity that it can soften not only the ambitions, but the successes and disappointments of men, and harmonize them all in the crucible of brotherly love, which is, after all, what we live for, after all, what we hope for, and after all, what we pray for ; and we never pray to be suc- cessftil in politics. (Laughter.)

        My Brother here on the left, representing the State of Virginia [Grand Master Kebns], has just ad- dressed you eloquently. I can recall a very bitter contest between Pennsylvania and Virginia, when prejudice and hatred ran high. It was bitter enough to break up families, but the hate and prejudice en- gendered during the Qvil War were never sufficient to break the bond of Freemasonry. (Cries of "GJood, good," all over the hall, and prolonged applause.)

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        Many a boy in Blue crawling back towards the Northern lines thanked his God that he was a Mason before he became a soldier ; and many a boy in Gray making his way back to the South experienced the same generous brotherly Masonic feeling.

        It is something to remember, while we go on helping to make history and helping to live decently, that stronger than any other tie is the tie that binds men in brotherly love and friendship. (Applause.) I will not undertake to picture nor to portray these ties. A great artist may paint a rose, but no one ever knew enough to paint the fragrance of the rose. A great orator might describe Freemasonry, but he cannot de* scribe the unknown, unspeakable fraternity of Free- masonry. (Applause.) It is something that is felt, not seen or heard ; it is something that cannot be de- scribed ; something that men who, growing old and gray in the service, lean on as on a loved child. (Ap- plause.)

        The key that unlocks all human hearts is the key of sympathy when we are in trouble. No man ever lived who did not have trouble — who was not chastened in the fire of adversity. He that unlocks the human heart does it with the key of sympathy. (Applause.)

        We, too, have a list of great men who have served in the capacity of Bight Worshipful Grand Master of Masons in Pennsylvania. Every one of them has been an honor to his State. Chief Justices of our Supreme Court while sitting on the bench have been called, and

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        felt themselves honored by being elevated to this chair. (Applause.)

        I well remember my dear old &iend, Judge Williams, whose last office was to be elected to this honored posi- tion, and I know that he loved it more and felt more highly honored by it than by the great office of Justice of our Supreme Court. (Applause.) It is something to look into a man's eye and know that he is in sympathy with you, — real, genuine, heart-felt sympathy. It is not all a mere form of pretence ; it is not all a mere hand- shake and nod ; it is felt by the men who belong to this great Fraternity and is practised by them. (Ap- plause.)

        A certain percentage of men will join the Masons and also the Church ; some will get married, and some will stay single. So the world goes ; but the men who are drawn into this organization are generally good men. They are generally good men at home and in the Church ; generally good men in their families, and good citizens in their State. Therefore, I am proud of this splendid assemblage ; I am proud of the men in this great audience who are Pennsylvanians ; and I am proud and glad to meet the representative men of our Fraternity who come from other States. We will all go to our homes with a better opinion of you and your States, and you will go home with a greater respect and more friendly regard, and a better opinion of Pennsylvania and Pennsylvanians. (Prolonged ap- plause.)

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        The seventh toast, " Our Sister Grand Lodges," was proposed by the R. W. Junior Grand Warden, who said, —

        It is difficult to understand how a Grand Lodge of an exclusive male Fraternity might or could, or why it should have Sister Grand Lodges, and it is certain that the only Mason of this or affiliated Jurisdictions who can satisfactorily explain this sociological contradiction is the Most Worshipful Grand Master of Maryland, Brother Thomas J. Shbyock. From him we request response. (Applause.)

        Brother Thomas J. Sheyock, Most Worshipful Grand Master of Masons in Maryland, responded as follows :

        OUR SISTER GRAND LODGES

        Bight Woeshipful Gband Master and Beetheen OP the Geand Lodge of Pennsylvania:

        I can assure you that your Sister Grand Lodges could not have been summoned to any function to which they would have responded more promptly than to that sent them by you, to participate in celebrating any occasion that might relate to our distinguished Brother, Geoege Washington.

        I presume I could interest you, like the Grand Master of Virginia, by telling you of some little part that my State took in aiding Geoege Washington to form this great nation. I could name you a long line

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        of illastrious Bevolutionary heroes, who responded to his call from the State of Maryland. I could tell you of the part they took in the formulation of that great Document, which to-day stands as the most perfect Constitution ever written by the hand of man.

        I could tell you that the State of Maryland carried out the most important injunction that Washington left to the people in his Farewell Address, which was to establish free schools ; for, in my State was established the first free school that was ever established in the world. (Applause.)

        I could tell you that in the State of Maryland was established the first Appellate Court that was ever es- tablished in this country. But I must forbear. This is not a Maryland Day, but a day in honor of that great and good Brother, George Washington.

        You have had spread before you to-day and this even- ing an oratorical banquet, which has covered every phase of the life of our illustrious Brother, and at this late Hour of the night it seems almost impossible to say a word of interest in regard to him. But I have noted the fact, that whilst your speakers have told of Washington as a man, as a Mason, as a General, as a Statesman, as a Diplomat, and as the Father of a great Nation of people, they have not referred to the magnificent consummation of Washington's work. (Applause.)

        Little did Washington dream, when he bound to- gether the thirteen original Colonies, — a nation in

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        swaddling clothes, — ^that at the dawn of the twentieth century that Nation would have spread its influence, and its power, and its aggregation of States from the Atlantic to the Pacific, from the northern parts of Maine to the Gulf of Mexico. (Applause.)

        Little did he dream that at the dawn of the twentieth century his work would have developed into the mag- nificent Republic of to-day, which is spreading its in- fluence throughout the whole civilized world, and prac* tically Americanizing the world. (Applause.)

        Little did Washington dream, when the flag of the thirteen Colonies was first raised over five millions of people, that at the dawn of the twentieth century it would float over a larger number of intelligent white citizens than claimed allegiance to the flag of any other nation on the face of the globe. (Applause.)

        Little did he think that it would be the emblem of citizenship of more white people than that of the mother-country itself. (Applause.)

        Little did he dream that the ships of the sea would carry the product of the brain and muscle of the American citizen to the uttermost parts of the earth, for he builded better than he knew. (Applause.)

        Little did he dream that in any country on the face of Gk)d's fair earth, where man can step his foot, you could buy commodities of American manufitcture. (Applause.)

        It was my good fortune a few months since to travel through the far East. Frequently I have travelled

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        through Europe and seen many things of interest and many things to be admired, and on this trip, as we sailed through the Mediterranean, we saw many things of the Old World which appealed to us. We passed the Dardanelles, through the Bosphorus, and to the land of the Turk, across Assyria, the land of the Bible ; but it was when we sailed into the harbor of ancient Alexandria that our hearts were made to beat quicker, for we were here brought to realize that we belonged to the greatest and the best race of people on the £9kce of the earth. (Applause.) A new race of people. (Applause.) A race of intellectual and mechanical giants. For, as we approached that harbor, there came within the range of our vision a forest of ship-masts, representing the commerce of the world, carrying the flags of all nations ; and, Bs we neared the dock, we saw floating aloft the flag of our own beloved country, the Stars and Stripes of Washinoton ; and we asked if it had been placed there as a compliment to us American travellers ; and it made our pulses quicken and our hearts jump, when the answer came, — " No, that flag is placed at the top of a great travelling crane to indicate that it is finished, and also that it was made in America by American workmen, and set up in the harbor of the East for the purpose of unloading and loading the commodities of the earth." (Applause.)

        Upon further inquiry we learned that the modern machinery, the traveUing cranes, the hydraulic lifts, then at work before our eyes, were the product of the

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        Zlic ZaUc Xo^0e

        mechanical genius of our own people, and that they had been manufactured in our own country, — ^the United States. (Applause.)

        We took a train that sped across the desert at the rate of fifty miles an hour, and we were told that that train was being drawn by an American locomotiye, built, perhaps, in your own City of Brotherly Love. (Applause.)

        As we sped across the desert, our attention was directed to a magnificent train of modem steel cars, of eighty thousand pounds capacity each, built by the American Steel Car Company, and I can assure you, my Brethren, that we felt proud of the feet that we were of that nation of people, who were sending back to the land of the Pharaohs the implements of com- merce and manufacture which would assist them in building up a new and a greater ciyilization.

        These are a few of the results of Washington's work. You have often heard it said that ^^ Masonry is the handmaid of religion.'' Let me tell you that she has also been the right hand of those who bmlded with WASHiNaxoN, and that she will ever continue to be the bulwark of civil and religious liberty of this great Be- public of ours. The work of Washington and the work of Freemasonry is not to cease at the dawn of the twentieth century, but it is to go on and on, until the whole world is brought within the influence of this great giant Bepublic of ours, and only the Grand Master above knows what the dawn of the twenty-first

        269

        Maabinoton SesQuiKcntennial Bnnivereari^

        century will show, as the outgrowth of Washikgton'b small beginning. (Prolonged applause.)

        ^'Maryland, my Maryland/' was sung by all the Brethren.

        The eighth toast, '^ Our Honored Guests/' was pro- posed by the R. W. Deputy Grand Master, who said, —

        Brethren, I should be glad if I could find words to express the sentiment which I feel towards those of our Brethren who have come here from distant places to do honor to us on this occasion, probably the greatest historical Masonic event that has taken place in the United States. (Applause.)

        I regret, however, that I cannot do so, that I cannot do more than express fraternal feelings to those ten Brethren who are Grand Masters of their Jurisdictions and the nine others who are here present among us to represent the Grand Masters of their Jurisdictions, and the Committees who have come here from their Lodges bringing various relics of Washington, and have done so, each one, to make this meeting a success. (Ap- plause.)

        I can only, on behalf of those of us who are of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, express our kindly and fraternal feeling by proposing this toast to our guests : " Our Honored Guests," and I will call upon Brother J. Franklin Fort to respond. (Applause.)

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        Brother J. Franklin Fort, a Justice of the Su- preme Court of New Jersey, responded a^ follows :

        OUR HONORED GUESTS

        Right Wobshipful Gband Masteb and Bbethben : Those of us who have had the privilege of being here to-day from Sister Jurisdictions have leai*ned a great deal, and we have learned one thing, at least, that I desire to speak of in the outset That one thing is, that in the Jurisdiction of Pennsylvania, you have indeed imbued in your very souls the principles enun- ciated by the great Apostle when he said, "Add to your faith, virtue ; to virtue, knowledge ; to knowledge, tem- perance ; and to temperance, patience.'' (Applause.)

        It is hard to conceive of a gathering of intelligent men, coming from twenty States of a great nation, and from sections of the continent outside these States, sitting from twelve o'clock mid-day until almost twelve o'clock at night and listening to talks such as we have had to-day, even to talks as good and as great as these have been. It certainly shows that you have culti- vated to the highest degree the virtue of patience. (Applause.)

        I came here to-night, like the distinguished gentle- men who have spoken, with a speech, entirely im- promptu, which I have been preparing ever since I re- ceived your invitation, but I have concluded that the best thing to do is to entirely abandon it This day

        has so thoroughly impressed every man who has been

        2ei

        Maabinoton SesQUii-centennial Hnnivereain?

        here, and the spirit of it has so entered into his soul, that a speech on the subject of *^ Our Guests'' prepared beforehand would, I fear, fall very flat.

        A Jersejman is always at home in Philadelphia. (Applause.) You know the definition of your city, as declared in Holy Writ, is " Brotherly Love," and any- thing that has love in it a Jerseyman always admires. (Laughter.) Next to sisterly love, brotherly love al- ways appeals to a Jerseyman.

        In the third chapter of Revelation, I think it is, and, if I am wrong. Brother Wana m aker can correct me, *^ He that hath the key of David, He that openeth, and no man shutteth," declared of Philadelphia of old, ^* I know thy works : behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it." The door of this modern city, like the ancient city, is never closed, but always open for princely hospitality and for all good works. (Applause.) We, the guests in the great Phila- delphia of to-day, two thousand years after these words were written by St John the Divine, find your hospi- table doors wide open, and no man seems to be able, even at twelve o'clock at night, to shut them. (Ap- plause.)

        It is a difficult thing, as a guest, to speak to the toast " Our Guests." It certainly could not have been in the mind of the Pennsylvania Masons, when they gave that toast to a modest Jerseyman, that he would have courage to talk about himself. We can talk about how you have treated us, but we can say nothing of our-

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        selves. We come to you, it is true, in the same way and manner that others have come to you before. We come to you as men free-born, of full age, and under the tongue of true Masonic report, and we want to say to you from our heart of hearts, from the depth of our love for you as Brother Masons, that we thank you for what you have permitted us to enjoy and the uplift you have given us this day. (Applause.)

        I want to congratulate the Grand Lodge of Pennsyl- vania not only upon this great occasion, but upon the high plane upon which this celebration has been kept I question if any of the seven hundred men who have to-day gathered in the Grand Lodge Boom above, and at this table, ever before sat for so long a time, or even for a shorter one, and listened to addresses so strong in character, so high in moral principle, so patriotic in sentiment, so broad and loving in character, so uplifting in national spirit, and so eloquent along all the lines on which all the Brethren have spoken. (Applause.)

        This is a great country, indeed, in which we live. True, as your Governor has said; true, as the Most Worshipful Grand Master of Maryland has said, Washington never dreamed of its present greatness, and the men who were with him never had a concep- tion of this Nation as it is to-day. They builded better than they knew. They gave us a heritage which has been handed down from them to us and which we shall hand down to our children and to our children's chil- dren. (Applause.)

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        Maabinoton SesQuiKcntennial Hnniverfiar^

        Our flag now floats the wide world round, respected. The time has gone by when we were but a^ little fringe of colonies bordering on the Atlantic Ocean. We are a great nation, stretching from ocean to ocean, and across the Western seas into the Orient ; stretching in the East and in the West with no limit and no end. (Applause.) Our flag to-day stands for freedom and the rights of man and the safeguarding of our dtizens everywhere. It is a proud title to be a citizen of the Republic of the United States of America. To be a Roman, in the days of Caesar, stayed the hand of the oppressor in all nations. Paul, the great Apostle to the Qentiles, standing falsely accused before Festns and about to be condemned under the Jewish Law, de- clared, '^ I am free-bom and a Roman, and I appeal unto CsBsar." And to Caesar he did go. To-night, round the world, anywhere, in any nation, the shel- tering folds of the flag of the Republic of which Washington was the father will protect you from false accusation and condemnation by the simple declaration, ^^I am an American OUizen.^^ (Cheers and applause.)

        The ninth toast, " The Day we Celebrate," was pro- posed by the R. W. Junior Grand Warden, who said, —

        Two thoughts are suggested by this Anniversary. First, fidelity to Freemasonry, and second, loyalty to government May Craftsmen be true to the Tenets, Usages, and Landmarks of the Fraternity, and may

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        the maxims of good government inspire a purer dti- zenship ! May Freemasons be fiuthfol to their volun- tary vows, and may our citizens be men "who their d.; kn«; «d know th«r rights »

        Brother Samuel W. Pennypackeb, Governor-elect of Pennsylvania, responded as follows :

        THE DAY WE CELEBRATE

        Bight Worshipful Gband Master and Brethren : I thank you for your warm greeting. It is not the first tribute I have had here to-night. You have heard from the CSiurch, that in an assemblage which com- prises a newspaper editor, a Sunday-school proprietor, a Bishop, and myself, by universal accord the water-

        I am much pleased to be here with you. I am glad to see this great assemblage. I am impressed with the importance of it all. The career of George Wash- ington, both as a man and as a Mason, was of the greatest consequence. There is a phase of that career to which I am about to call your attention so far as I know heretofore suggested by no historian. While it

        imiasbinaton Seequi^^centennial Hnniverean?

        is true that he was born along the Potomac, it required more than the gentle breezes that came from the Chesa- peake to bring out the strength of his character. While he lived there his life was simply that of a farmer. It was the barren life of planter. I propose to read to you just a few extracts from his own journal written with his own hand, to express that thought : '^ Sowed flax at meadow hill ; finished planting com in the neck and began with four ploughs to break up the five-foot cut ; finished plantmg corn at the mill and began to break up the field around the overseer's house. Cut twenty-two old rams and began to shear my sheep ;'' and so it continues. It is the record of a man who spent his life in the sovdng of wheat, the planting of corn, and in the shearing of sheep.

        It needed, for the unfolding of his character, that he should feel the sterner breezes from the Allegheny Mountains, and the point to which I wish to call your attention here to-night is that substantially the whole of his career, as it affected the American nation, was passed in the great State in which we live.

        Out in Fayette County, in the western part of this State, among the mountains is a meadow which early got the name of ^' Great Meadows," through which runs a stream of water. In 1754, attention was first called to Washington at this place, where first he heard the firing of hostile arms in an assault by the French, and in his defence of Fort Necessity.

        In 1755, he obtained Airther reputation in the battle

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        which has been called " Braddock's Defeat" In 1774, he was a member of Congress in Philadelphia. In 1775^ he was, in Independence Hall, made Commander* in-Chief of the anuies. All of his battles save the battle of Long Island, where he was defeated, and the surrender at Yorktown, where it was a question whether or not the result depended upon the French fleet or the American army, — all of his battles — Brandy wine, Gtermantown, White Marsh, Warren's Tavern, Trenton, Princeton, and Monmouth — were fought around the City of Philadelphia. (Applause.)

        After the war he was again called to this City as president of the Convention which adopted the Consti- tution of the United States; and thereafter he was elected President of the United States. Save for one term of Congress held in the City of New York, he spent the whole of his official career in this City of Philadelphia, so that substantially the whole of his active life, military and political, was associated with this great State. (Applause.) You ought to re- member the fact.

        In the War of the Revolution the tide was turned at the battle of Trenton, which occurred in the year 1776. His army was reduced to three thousand men; his forces,^ d«ertmg him, hi. p«,plele.™.ghi,a. At that time fifteen hundred men came to his support. This reinforcement increased, as yon see, by one-half the army which he then had. Emboldened by this addition to his forces, he fought the battle of Trenton

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        Maabinaton ^eequi'^centennial Bnniverean?

        and the battle of Princeton^ and the cause of the Col- onies was saved.

        Now, what I want to call yonr attention to is the fSsust that of these fifteen hundred men who then came to the rescue and who made that addition to his forces, every man was a Pennsylvanian. (Applause.)

        It has been suggested to me with respect to the toast assigned to me, ** The Day We Celebrate/' that there was perhaps some sinister purpose to refer to the elec- tion of yesterday. I decline to so consider it. I decline to see any connection between the important events of one hundred and fifty years ago and the interesting events which happened so recently. While there may be some uncertainty as to whether this was meant to be the celebration of November the fourth or of No- vember the fifth, I prefer the latter date. There is much contrast in the events which have happened upon this day. It is the anniversary of the plot of Guy Fawkes to blow up the English Parliament, and among all English-speaking people there is sung,—

        '' Kemember, remember The fifth of November,

        The Gunpowder treason and plot ; I Bee no reason Why the Gunpowder treason

        Should ever be forgot I'*

        The fifth of November among us Masons will here- after always be remembered as the day upon which the

        zbc ztitic xo^ae

        able President of the United States — ^he who has written books of travel like Bayabd Taylor, and books of adventure like Fenim obe Cooper, who has been Governor of the State of New York, who has climbed San Juan hill, and who recently settled that strike which waa hanging over aU of our industries and threatened us for the future— came here to assist in our celebration. Our President came here to assist us in oommonorating the anniversary of the initiation as a Mason of that other great President, the first of our Presidents, the most distinguished of Americans, the *' Cincinnatus of the West." That, it seems to me, is the great significance of this anniversary.

        We need in this land more of the spirit of kindli- ness and more of the spirit of brotherhood. We need that kind of feeling which will lead us to look on our fellow-men with charity and with sympathy, and in appreciation of their work. We neTrJwn upon the spirit of cavil and criticism. We need, in fact, more of the spirit of Freemasonry. (Prolonged ap- plause.)

        The tenth and last toast, " All Our Friends,'' which was Washington's favorite toast, was proposed by the R. W. Senior Grand Warden, who said, —

        Brethren, I want you to appreciate why I insist upon having the last toast : because we always reserve the best for the last. The next toast upon the pro- gramme, *^ All Our Friends," is said to have been the

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        Masbittdton 9edqui<*centennial Hnniveteari?

        most popular toast of our Brother George Washing- ton. (Applause.)

        It seems to me peculiarly fitting that we should have selected not only the most popular man in Phila- delphia ; not only the most popular man in Pennsyl- yania, but one of the most popular men in the United States, to respond to that toast (Applause.)

        I do not want any better evidence of that fact than that, when he resigned £rom President Booseyelt's cabinet, there were many expressions of regret at his decision. (Applause.)

        I want to say to our Brethren from our Sister Juris- dictions that when we selected this Brother to respond to this toast, we selected one who stands prominent not only for his social qualities, but for his genial disposi- tion. (Applause.)

        I take great pleasure in proposing the next toast, " All Our Friends," and will call upon our distinguished Brother Charles Emort Smith to respond. (Ap- plause.)

        Brother Charles Emory Smith, Ex-Postmaster- General of the United States, responded as follows :

        "ALL OUR FRIENDS''

        BiOHT Worshipful Grand Master and Brethren : You all remember that Carlyle was the fervent eu- logist of Cromwell. Lord Beaconsfield says Carlyle had reasons to speak civilly of Cromwell, for Cromwell

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        would have hanged him. I would speak civilly of our Bight Worshipful Grand Master, but for no such reason, except in one aspect. We congratulate him upon the brilliant success of this day, but I am sure that I will be pardoned if I say that I have been kept in a state of suspense — ^in a state of being hanged — throughout many hours. As I listened to the brilliant speeches which have been delivered here to-night I forgot all that suspense, and only when at times I looked at the programme and saw what was in store for me, did I feel that I had such reasons as Beaconsfield imputed to Garlyle for speaking civilly of the Com- mittee, if not of the Grand Master. (Applause.)

        You have spanned the Arch of Masonry, and you have reached me, at last, at the foot. You have boxed the compass, and I am the only one left. You have squared the circle, and every one has squared himself nobly, except the one before you.

        You have asked me to respond to the toast '^ All Our Friends," and you have said that it was the favorite toast of Washington.

        Washington was a man of the deepest and broadest sympathies; his great nature was fall of the brother- hood of man. Dignified as he was in his bearing, maiestic as he was in his character, awe-inspiring as he J in hi. i..po,i„g pe^ocaU.,, yet hi, VU« were large and broad and comprehensive. (Applause.)

        He loved as a brother that young consummate prod- igy of American History who stood at his right hand,

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        Alexander Hamilton (applause), and he Gherished as a devoted friend that chivalrous patriot from France, the Mabquib de Lafayette. (Applause.) When he proposed the toast, ** All Our Friends," it came from the greatest soul among the makers of nations in all time, and it encircled a noble company of the true, the good, and the devoted. (Applause.) Great as that company was, he stood far above all in his unapproach- able fame, and he rebukes and forbids all common panegyric; he stands out matchless in the lustre of that tribute of the great orator of the Old World who recognized the foremost man of the world in this American leader, when he said that ** Csesar was merci- ful, Scipio was continent, Hannibal was patient, but it was reserved for Washington to blend them all in one, and, like the lovely chef d'osuvre of the Grecian artist, to exhibit in one glow of associated beauty the pride of every model and the perfection of every master." (Applause.)

        I can imagine Washington, — and I regret that I must come here and ask you to accept the spontaneous expressions of the moment without that preparation which ought to have been made for such an august oc- casion as this, — ^I can imagine Washington as he stood in a Lodge in this City of Philadelphia, proposing a toast to '^ All Our Friends," and I can imagine that as he proposed it he looked across the room and there he saw that great Mason, whose simple, lofty grandeur captivated the most dazzling court of the Old World,

        272

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        and who is buried in yonder graveyard with the simple legend, ^^ Benjamin Franklin, Printer/' upon his tomb. (Applause.)

        I can imagine him looking to the other side of the room and recognizing among the most trusted and cherished of his friends that other illustrious Brother to whom reference was made by our distinguished Brother ; that man whose luminous understanding and consummate knowledge of the Constitution and its prin* ciples enabled him to do work second only to that of Washington himself, — ^that great jurist, Brother John Mabshall, the Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Virginia. (Applause.) I can imagine that another was here then, who had left a life of ease and a place among the frivolities of the French Court. I can imagine him looking across to his young, ardent, and chivalrous friend, whose spirit was so generous, who had left the luxuries of his own country to fight for Liberty and Humanity on the soil of America, as he extended his hand to Lafayette. (Applause.) Then, remember- ing that he was the first of a great line, I can imagine him, later, looking down that line, and recognizing his illustrious successors. I can imagine him pointing to that heroic, dauntless, faithAil warrior, whose power of will has never been surpassed in our country, — ^the Hero of New Orleans, Brother Andbew Jackson. (Applause.)

        I can imagine him looking along a little farther and finding in that line of successors another friend and

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        Maabinaton Seequii^entennial Bnnivereatis

        Mason, a man of great public experience, who repre- sented a great sentiment in our country, and who came from our own State of Pennsylvania, Brother James Buchanan. (Applause.) And then a little &rther along I can see him looking at that accomplished scholar, that brilliant orator, that gallant soldier, who knew best of all the arts of statesmanship, that leader of the House of Representatives, that martyr in the Presidency, Brother James A. Gabfield. (Applause.) Then I am sure that he looked with peculiar a£fection and touching regard upon that Brother who resembled him in many respects, — ^that great President who passed away only a year ago, amid the tears of his people and the sorrow of the world. As I recall him I remember a scene. Two years ago I accompanied that President to the Centennial observance of the death of Wash- ington. It was on the grounds of his own beautifiil Mount Vernon; the broad expanse of the Potomac glistened before us ; the tranquil and serene beauty of glen and wood surrounded us. A great throng of people assembled around the sacred tomb as, with the participation of representative Masons from all parts of our country, their ritual was reverently rendered ; and there the President of the United States, honored and esteemed and beloved like him whom he com- memorated, paid his eloquent tribute to his great predecessor, — ^both conspicuous types of the Masonic virtues and of the Masonic principles embodied in ac- tion; both pre-eminent leaders in great decisive epochs

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        TTbe ^ble Xo^^e

        of our Nation's history ; both embahned in the hearts of the people and forever enshrined together in the Temple of Immortalitj. (Prolonged applause.)

        I can imagine more, Bight WorshipAil Grand Mas- ter. I can imagine that on this day, memorable in our own history, ever to be remembered as an historic oc- casion, when the President of the United States met here with us to commemorate the initiation of the first great President as a Mason, — ^I can imagine that the great shade of Wabhini gton hovers over us to-day and to-night, and I can believe that from that august shade there comes to-night the echo of the &vorite toast, ^^All Our Friends f and as they are gathered here from all parts of the country, I am sure that the testimony of the love and affection and devotion of a great people has never been more deeply manifested than now. (Applause.)

        I feel that this same sentiment to ^^ All Our Friends" can be applied to-night, not merely to this great com- pany of men gathered from all quarters of this State, but I am sure that you will agree with me in applying it and in offering it especially to our friends and Brothers who have come to us from other States to honor this occasion with their presence. (Applause.) All of these Brothers are included within this comprehensive toast ; to all of them, individually and collectively, your greet- ing has been extended. It has been given from other and higher sources, and it does not become me, the humblest of all in this company, to assume that duty.

        Maebinaton Seequii^entennial Bnniversati^

        but as my word is the last, let it be a word of greeting to all our friends from these other States ; to our good friend from Massachusetts, whose eloquence delighted us to-day ; to our Brother from Virginia, who spoke of the State and for the State that gave us Washington ; and to our friends from Idaho and from Connecticut, and all who have gathered here with us to make this a memorable occasion. (Applause.)

        A great Temple like this in which we are gathered to-night is, in the phrase of Emerson, a blossoming of granite subdued to the insatiate demand of harmony in man. It is the blossom of what is really an eternal flower, and it has, with all its solidity, the likeness and the delicate finish of vegetable beauty. (Applause.) It is the function of Masonry not only to build the material structure, but to build character, and we have builded it, as this great Masonic Temple is built, on a sure foundation — strong in all its fabric, and with the beauty and the symmetry of mediseval architecture. (Applause.) I am sure there is no Mason within these walls to-night who does not feel himself a better Mason, a better citizen, for the work of this day. (Applause.) I was profoundly touched by the stirring words of my friend on my left [Grand Master Shbtock, of Mary- land] with reference to the greatness our country has achieved, and I was impressed also by the glowing eloquence of my friend on my right [Brother Fobt, of New Jersey], who expanded the same theme. You can well understand, in view of the associations of iheee

        276

        XLbc JSM)lc lo^0e

        last four years, that those words, with their significant indication of the expanding greatness of our country, have deeply touched my heart. I listened with pro- found gratitude to that tribute to our flag; I heard with sympathy and with quickened patriotism their eloquent portraiture of the greatness and the grandeur which has come to American citizenship, and as I lis- tened to their glowing words I could not but recall the scene of which I was a witness a few years ago. It was my fortune to be in the harbor of Newport on the occa- sion of a great naval fSte. In that well-nigh land- locked harbor there were several of the noble battle- ships of the Republic, and many of its pleasure-craft. It was the night of a fgte as brilliant as any that ever glistened on the waters of Venice. Ten thousand C3ii- nese lanterns made it a fairy scene. Suddenly, high above the flag-boat of the Commodore, a boat since made famous as the gallant little '^ Gloucester" of the gallant Wainwrioht at Santiago, there shot out a brilliant stream of light, and in its luminous rays there appeared the bright Stars and the glorious Stripes of our National flag. From a thousand throats, from a hundred cannon, there came a new acclaim and greet- ing of Old Glory, as it shone tliere all the brighter, its stars aU the more radiant, against the darkness of the sky. (Applause.) As our friends were speaking of Jg^odeL of our oouotry «.d ita ..^, poL. I could not but think that if our flag has been unfurled in dark and remote lands, that darkness only makes it

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        Maabinaton Seequi^entenntol Bnniversan?

        all the brighter. Let us advance American dviliza- tion, American liberty, and American ideals, and illu- mine all with American glory. (Prolonged applause.)

        The singing of ** Auld Lang Syne'' brought the cele- bration to a conclusion, about eleven o'clock.

        In addition to the medal already described, each Brother attending the celebration received as a souve- nir, a white dinner-plate, nine inches in diameter, dec- orated in blue, of which a representation is given here. It was made for the Grand Lodge, through Messrs. Wright, Tyndall & Van Boden, of Philadelphia, by the Mercer Pottery Company, of Trenton, New Jersey, the Committee's design being admirably carried out by Brother Johk Pope, of Fraternal Lodge, No. 139, Trenton, New Jersey, who succeeded in making what is said to be the finest blue-print work in this country. The border of the plate is a reproduction of the border on the china presented to Washington by the French officers who served under him. The coat of arms is from the Washington book-plate. The plate was enclosed in a square purple box, with an inscription in gilt.

        278

        E SOUVENIR PLATE

        Zhc Oimic

        THE MUSIC

        The music, which was excellently rendered, was in charge of Brother Geobge Fobd.

        The Chorus was composed of the following Breth- ren, who, with one exception, were members of Phila- delphia Lodges :

        Director*

        Bro. George Ford,

        Mosart, No. 4M.

        Tenor. Bro. Owen Egberts,

        PenDiylTaniA, No. 880.

        Baritone,

        Bro. M. Harmer Brooks,

        Mozart, No. 486.

        u

        ((

        u

        it

        it

        ii

        {(

        ((

        James T. O. Hand,

        Wm. B. Sdmider, No. 419.

        Alfred K. Gregory,

        Monrt, No. 436.

        James N. Enipe,

        Mozart. No. 486.

        J. Franklin Moss,

        iTanhoe, No. 449.

        Edgar A. Murphy,

        iTanhoe, No. 449.

        James Y. Glisson,

        Oorenant, No. 456.

        James Morrison, Jr.,

        OUvet, No. 607.

        JPianid. Herman D. Cotter,

        SheUnali, No. 246.

        a

        it

        a

        a

        a

        a

        ti

        Howard M. Murphy,

        Ivanhoe, No. 449.

        William J. May, Jr.,

        Crescent, No. 498.

        Fred K. Davis,

        Oliret, No. 607.

        Bass.

        WiLMER M. Bean,

        Charity, No. 190, Noniatown.

        George A. Lindsay,

        lyanhoe, No. 449.

        George W. Scouler,

        lyanhoe. No. 449.

        Organist. Harry C. Wilt,

        Mozart, No. 486.

        270

        miaebinaton ScsquiKentennial Hnnii^r0an^

        The Orchestra was made up of the following Breth- reiiy whoy with one exception^ were members of Phila- delphia Lodges:

        VioUn.

        Bro. Hbnry Feeling, Mocait, No. 4ae.

        " Hbnrt F. Yolmer,

        8t Pftul'i, No. 481.

        OeUo. L0UI8 Yolmer,

        ((

        Uniyenity, No. 610.

        Flute. Bro. Frederick B. Wagner,

        Uniyenfty No. 610.

        Comet.

        it

        u

        W1LLLA.H A. Joseph,

        WMhington, No. M.

        ClarioneL William F. Sohenslet,

        Bt. Mark*!, No. 102, Qlaagow, Scot- land.

        280

        JLbc loan £xbiMtfon

        THE LOAN EXHIBITION OF WASH-

        INGTONIANA

        At its meeting, on July the fifteenth, the Sesqui- centennial Committee requested the B* W. Grand Master to ask the Committee on Library (Brothers Louis Wagneb, George W. Hall, of No. 121, I. Layton Begisteb, Thomas S. Stout, Joshua L. Lyte, Abno Leonhabdt, and Gilbebt L* Lentz) to arrange an exhibition of Washingtoniana in the Library, from November the fourth until after the Quarterly Communication in December.

        The preparation of this exhibition was undertaken with the greatest zeal and enthusiasm by the Librarian, Brother Geobge P. Rupp, who succeeded in getting together a very remarkable, most valuable, and ex- tremely interesting collection. It was found best to hold the exhibition in the east end of the main corri- dor of the Temple, which was properly enclosed and decorated.

        Those who so kindly loaned exhibits were protected by insurance against loss by fire and by burglary ; and at the close of the exhibition all the articles were returned without loss or damage.

        On Saturday afternoon, November the first, the B. W. Grand Master invited a large number of gentle-

        281

        Tmadbinaton SedquUcentennial Bnnit^cteari}

        men and ladies to examine the Loan Collection at a private view. Later, refreBliments were served in the Grand Banquet Hall, and the Chorus rendered a number of selections.

        The Loan Exhibition was opened from November the first to and including December the sixth, twenty- eight days, the number of visitors being 48,552; greatest number in one day, 2611 ; average attendance per day, 1734 ; number of contributors, 72 ; number of exhibits, 1044.

        The catalogue of exhibits, which was admirably prepared by I Brother Rupp, is as follows :

        282

        THE LOW "HIBITIO

        LOAN EXHIBITION

        OF

        WASHINGTON I AN A

        Uaitr tha dlnctian of the

        R. W. OTand Lodge of Pennaylvknla

        F. ft A. M.

        MASONIC TBMPLB. PHILADELPHIA

        Noveniber 5th to December 5th 1909

        The Celebration of the Sesqui-centennial Anniversary of the Initiation of Brother George Washington into Freemasonry affords a fitting op- portunity in which to direct the attention of the Brethren to the strik- ing personal character of "our great patron and leader." The person- ality that made so deep an impress on the world's history has not lacked for appreciation ; artists, sculptors and men of letters have vied with one another in the endeavor to portray most faithfully their famous subject. No other man has ever lived of whom so many portraits have been made, and it is noteworthy that amidst the multitude of these, not a single caricature is known to exist. There is thus seen to be on hand ample material from which to draw for a worthy appreciation of the personal side of our illustrious Brother.

        With the view of deepening such appreciation and of arousing a more widespread interest, the Committee on Sesqui-centennial have decided that a Loan Exhibition of Washingtoniana in the Masonic Temple, Philadelphia, would be a fitting adjunct to the celebration.

        In pursuance of this plan they directed Brother George P. Rupp, of Philo Lodge, No. 444, Librarian of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, to collect and arrange in suitable form such Washingtoniana as were obtainable. This he has done, and the result of his labor is here pre- sented for your inspection and study.

        The Hon. James T. Mitchell, Justice of the Supreme Court of Penn- sylvania, generously offered for the exhibition his unique collection of engraved portraits of Washington, the most extensive and valuable collection extant. Limitations of space, however, preventing the ac- ceptance of this offer in full, he kindly permitted the selection of one hundred and eighty-eight of those which are the most rare, many of which are the only known copies. Brother Joseph Wright and Mr. Charles W. Henry have contributed original paintings by Peale and Stuart. Letters, manuscripts and personal relics have been contributed by R. W. Bro. George W. Kendrick, Jr., Mr. George C. Thomas, Com- mittee on Antiquities of the Grand Lodge of New York, Hudson River Lodge of Newburgh, N. Y., Mr. Henry Whelen, Jr., Mr. Albert Rosen- thal, Mr. Joseph Cartledge, Dr. Max J. Stem, Dr. J. Solis Cohen, Mrs. Charles Hamilton, The Historical Societies of Pennsylvania and Dela* ware. The Society of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, of Philadelphia, Mr. James S. Bradley, Jr., of New York, and many others.

        As a result we have here the most important Loan Exhibition of Washingtoniana ever held in this city.

        Mr. Stan. V. Henkels, the well known expert, has greatly assisted the Librarian with his knowledge and advice.

        To those here mentioned and to all others who have contributed toward making this a successful exhibition, the Committee desire to return their thanks.

        EDGAR A. TENNIS,

        Grand Master, On Behalf of Committee on Sesqui-centennial.

        283] I

        mst or LOUGHEAO • 00.

        rmiADcimu

        CATALOG

        Nos. I to 187 are Loaned by Hon. James T. Mitchell, of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania,

        and are cataloged by Mr. Henkelt, according to Baker's *' Engraved

        Portraits of Washington."

        ^ X

        1 Washington Generalissme des Stats Unis de rAmeriqua. Fall

        Bust in uniform, full face. Oval, with border in an orna- mented rectangle. In the oval to the left a tree, the branches of which spread over and behind the head. The Title in a Tablet beneath the oval. Line, Height, 13 8-16 inches; width, 10 inches. Dessine par Bonnieu d'apres un Tab- leau fourni par M. le Marquis de la Fayette. Grav6 par Chevillet "Galerie des hommes Illustres vivans."

        Baker, Vo. 6.

        2 General George Washington Bom Feb. 22, 1732, in West-

        moreland County, Virginia, and Died Dec. 14, 1799 at Mount Vernon. Full bust Head to left. Stipple, Height, 11 4-16 inches; width, 9 inches, R. Peale Pinx. D. Edwin Sc. Very rare. Baker, Vo. 9.

        3 General George Washington. Full bust. Head to left.

        Stipple. Height, 12 15-16 inches; width, 102-16 inches, R. Peale Pinxt. D. Edwin Sculpt Printed in colours by H. Charles. Published by H. S. Tanner Philadelphia.

        Baker, Vo. 10.

        Note. — This is the same as the preceding print, with the ad" dition of a border, which is included in the measurement Finest knotun copy printed in colors,

        4 General Washing^n. Full length in military costume, lean-

        ing upon a Field piece to the left, a riding switch in his right hand. The left, in which is a hat, rests upon a horse fore- shortened at the right In the extreme distance to left upon a hill, a large Building with cupola. Meisotinto, Height, 19 14-16 inches; width, 14 inches. Peel pinxit Philadelphia. Stothard delint Londini. J. Brown &ccudit V. Green

        285]

        fecit mezzotinto Engraver to the King of Great Britain and the Elector Palatine. From an original picture in the posses- sion of Mr. Brown, Published by him April 22d, 1785, and sold at No. 10 George Yard Lombard Street London. Extremely rare. Baker, 9*0. 12.

        Note. — Diiferent from any full length executed by Peale and although ascribed to him by the lettering of the print, and as having been printed at Philadelphia, it is extremely doubtful

        6 L« General Washini^ny Comxnendant En Chef Bee Armees Americaines n€ en Virginie en 1733. Bust in uniform. Head to right Oval, with border in a rectangle, resting upon a Tablet, in which is a representation of the surrender at Yorktown, inscribed "loum^e memorable du 19 Octobre 1 781 d York en Virginie." Title within the border. Line, Height, 73-16 inches; width, 58-16 inches, Grav^ d'apres le Tableau de N. Piehle peint d'apres nature d Philadelphie en 1783. ^ Rare, Baker, M'o. 14.

        6 Oenl Washington. Bust in uniform. Head to right. Oral,

        with border in a rectangle, beneath which is a representation of the surrender at Yorktown, inscribed "Event of the 19th of Octr., 1781, at Yorktown in Virginia." Line, Height, 7 11-16 inches; Tvidth, 58-16 inches, "The English artist has followed the lines of the print in the French original after a Picture by Piehle on account of the remarks of Mr, Lavater,** T. Holloway Direxit. Published by T. Holloway & the other Proprietors, May 21, 1794. Rare. Baker, No. 15.

        7 Bust in uniform. Head to right. Oral, with three lines for a

        narrow border, suspended by a ring, above a Tablet contain- ing a representation of the surrender at Yorktown. Outline, Height, 4 10-16 inches; width, 3 12-16 inches. Extremely rare. Baker, Ho. 16.

        8 Gleneral Waehing^ton. Bust in uniform. Head to right.

        Stipple. Height, 3 4-16 inches; width, 2 8-16 inches.

        Baker, Ko. 17.

        9 Georges Washington Eqer General en Chef de I'Armee Anglo-

        Ameriquaine nom^ Dictateur par le Congr^s en Fevrier 1777. Full bust, in uniform and Gx:ked Hat. Head to left, a drawn sword partly seen on the left. Oval, with border in a rec- tangle resting upon a Base, the Title in a Tablet upon the Base. Line. Height, 6 4-16 inches; width, 4 8-16 inches, Desrais del. Le Beau, Sculp. A Paris chez Esnauts et Ra- pilly, rue St. Jacques a la ville de Coutances. Rare.

        Baker, Ho. 19.

        Note. — This appears to be a combination of Peale, and the one known as the Campbell Portrait.

        4 [286

        10 Ii6 Qeneral Washington, ne Quid Detriment! Capiat Bee pub-

        lica. Full length uniform, standing to the left in front of a tent, in his right hand, a roll displaying sheets inscribed, ''Declaration of Independence," "Treaty of Alliance &c." His left hand gloved, is thrust into the breast. Beneath his feet are various torn documents, marked "Protection to Reb- els," "Conciliatory Bills, &c, &c." In the rear a negro servant with a horse, and in the extreme right distance, on lower ground an encampment. Line. Height, i6 10-16 inches; width, 12 11-16 inches, Peint par L. le Paon Peintre de Bataille de S. A. S. M. le Prince de Cond^. Grave par N. le Mire des Academies Imperiales et Royales et de celle des sciences et arts de Rouen (1780). Grave d'apres le Tableau original appartenant a Mr. Marquis de la Fayette. Cette £s- tampc ce vend avec Privilege du Roy a Paris chez le Mire Graveur rue et porte St. Jacques Maison de Mr. le Camus Md. de Drap, prix 12 livres. Baker, No. 21.

        Note. — Beautiful proof before inscription pr address,

        11 (General Washing^ton. Full figure in uniform, standing to

        the left, in front of a tent Mezzotinto, Height, 12 14-16 inches; width, 9 14-16 inches. Printed for and sold by Car- ington Bowles, N. 69 in St. Paul's Church Yard, London. Published as the act directs 24 June 1785. Extremely rare.

        Baker, Vo. 88.

        Note.— -<4 copy of the preceding Print, omitting the tree in the rear of the Tent, and the Landscape to the right.

        12 General Washingrton. Bust in uniform, with black necker-

        chief. Head to right. Vignette. Stipple, Height, 2 4-16 inches; width, 2 inches, Jas. Newton sculp. (Printed in tint.) Baker, Ko. M.

        Note. — Of the greatest rarity, on the same sheet is also a portrait of Dr. Franklin, face to left. The two portraits are so seldom seen together that it is evident Mr, Baker only saw that of Washington, 18a His Bxcell'cy Oeorge Washin^on, Esqr QJSREBJLL AHD COMMANDER in CHIEF of the Allied Army Supporting the Independence of America. Full Bust in uniform, head slightly to left Oval, in a rectangle, on the base of which is inscribed Temperance, Prudence, Fortitude, Justice. Over the oval is a laurel wreath, hung in festoons. Under the oval, are flags and war implements. Line. Height, 10 14-16 inches; width, 92-16 inches. B. Blyth del. J. Norman sculp. Taken from an Original Picture in the possession of his Excy Govr Han- cock Published by John Coles, Boston, March 26th 1782. Also the Portrait of Mrs. Washington, by the same artist and en- graver, to match. These are exceedingly rare.

        Baker, Vo. 86.

        287] 5

        18 George WaBhington Ck>iii]iiandant en Chef dee Armees Americanes, N^ en Virginie en 1733. Bust in uniform. Full face. Oval medallion, in a rectangle; beneath the oval, a Tab- let in which is the Title. Line. Height, 7 12-16 inches; width, 5 10-16 inches. Se trouve i Paris, chez Aug. De St. Aubin, Graveur du Roi, et de sa Bibliotheque, actuellement rue Therese Bute St Roch et a la Bibliotheque du Roi et chez Mr Cochin, aux Galleries du Louvre A. P. D. R. Rare.

        Baker, Ho. 31.

        Note. — A choice impression of a very rare print. Proof be- fore the engraver's name or address.

        14 G^rge Waahington Commander in Chief of ye Armees of ye

        United States of America. Bust in uniform, with black neckerchief. Head to left Oval, with border in a rectangle, above a Tablet in which is the Title; over the oval, a rattle- snake and Liberty cap, with the legend, "Don't Tread on me." At the sides, olive and laurel branches, Flags, &c On the Flag to the right thirteen Stars. Line. Height, 6 3-16 inches; width, 4 7-16 inches. Engrav'd by W. Sharp from an original Picture, London Published according to act of Parliament, Feb'r. 22d, 1780. Rare in this state. Baker, Ho. 35,

        15 General Waahington. Bust in uniform. Head to right. Oral,

        with border in rectangle, engraved to represent stone work. Beneath the oval, a Tablet and the Washington arms, with the motto, "Exitus Acta Probat." Line. Height, 6 inches; width, 3 10-16 inches. J. Trenchard, Sc.

        Baker, Ho. 87.

        Note. — From the Columbian Magasine, Philadelphia, Janu- ary, 1787.

        16 His Bzcel: O: Waahington, Esq. Bust in uniform. Head to

        right. Oval, with narrow border, resting upon a Base in a rectangle. Title in the Base. A Laurel wreath and branches, at top of oval. Line. Height, 6 4-16 inches; width 3 14-16 inches. Baker, Ho. 38.

        Note.— ♦From the American Spelling Book. By Noah Web- ster, Jun., Esq. 12th Edition. Philadelphia, 1789. A copy of the Mezzotinto by Peale. Engraved by J. Trenchard. Of great rarity and probably the best copy extant.

        17 Genl Washington. Bust in uniform, with black neckerchief

        Head to right. Vignette. Stipple. Height, 4 6-16 inches; width, 3 10-16 inches.

        Published Nor, ist 1784, by Whitworth & Yates Bradford Street Baker, Ho. 42.

        Note. — Extremely rare, only one impression came under the notice of Mr. Baker.

        6 [288

        18 Oeorgt WaBhlngton Ssqr Q«neral and Commander in Ohlaf of the Continental Army in America. Full figure in uniform and cocked hat, on horseback, advancing to the right A drawn sword in the right hand, is held across the body. A Battle in the right distance. Mesgotinto, Height, 128-16 inches; width, 9 14-16 inches. Done from an Original, Drawn from the Life by Alexr Campbell, of Williamsburgh in Vir- ginia. Published as the Act directs, 9 Septr. 1775, by C. Shepherd. Bak«r, Ho. 46.

        Note. — Extremely rare. This is the print, an impression of which Joseph Reed presented to Mrs. IVashington, and re- ferred to by Washington, in his letter to Reed, dated Cam- bridge, 31st of January, 1776. ''Mrs. Washington desires I will thank you for the picture sent her. Mr. Campbell, who I never saw to my knowledge, has made a very formidable figure of the Commander-in-Chief, giving him a sufficient portion of terror in his countenance."

        18 G^rge Washinc^on Esqr General and Ck>mmander in Chief of the Continental Army in America. Full figure in uniform and cocked Hat, on horseback advancing to the right, a drawn sword in right hand. In the back ground, on the horizon, tlie upper portions of a large fortification extend across the print Inclosed by a narrow square border. Line. Height, 7 inches; width, 5 10-16 inches. Nach dem Leben gezeichnet von Alex- ander Champbele von Williamsburg in Virginien. J. E. Nil- son fee et excud J. S. N^;ges. Extremely rare.

        Baker, Ho. 47.

        80 George Washington Eaqr Amerieanleher Generaliesimus. Three quarter length, in uniform and cocked Hat, with a drawn sword in right hand. Oval, with border only partly showing at the sides. Etched. Height, 6 4-16 inches; width, 3 10-16 inches. Rare. Baker, Ho. 48.

        SI George Waahington, Eaqnler General et Comendenr en Chef d'Arm^e des XIII Provinces unies en Amerique. Full Bust, in uniform and cocked Hat, head three quarters to right Oval, in a rectangle. Mesxotinto. Height, 8 inches; width, 62-16 inches, peint par Alexander Campbell i Williamsbourg en Virginie. Se vend k Londres chez Thom. Hart Very rare.

        Baker, Ho. 60.

        82 George Washington Saqr Commandirender General en Chef der Provinzialarmee in Nordamerika. Full Bust, in uniform and cocked Hat, body to left, head three quarters to right. Oval, with border resting upon a Base. The Title on a Tablet, in the Base. Line. Height, 6 inches; width, 3 8-16 inches. T. C. G. Fritzsch sc Extremely rare. Baker, Ho. 63.

        289] . 7

        28 Q«nl George WaelilngtoiL Full bust, in uiiif onn. Head to right Oval, with sqnare border upon a Base, in a rectangle engraved to represent stone work. A wreath tied by a nbbon, extends from the top of the border, down each side. Line, Height, 59-16 inches; width, 37-16 inches.

        Baker, Ho. 54.

        M Oenl George Washington. Toll bnst, in uniform. Head to

        left Line, Height, 5 13-16 inches; width, 3 8-16 inches. Liebe Sc. (The reverse of the preceeding print) Rare.

        Baker, Ho. 55.

        85 George Washington Bqer General en Chef de FArmee An-

        glo-Ameriquaine, nomm^ Dictateur par le G>ngr^s en Fevrier 1777. Full Bust, in uniform and cocked Hat, a drawn sword partly visible on the left. Oval, with border in a rectangle, ornamented with war Emblemns &c. Line. Height, 64-16 inches; width, 4 8-16 inches. A Paris chex Esnauts et Rapilly* rue St. Jacques k la Ville de Coutances. A. P. D. R. Rare.

        Baker, Ho. 58.

        86 O. Washington. Bust in uniform. Head in profile to left.

        Oval. Stipple. Height, 32-16 inches; width, 2 10-16 inches. A. W. Kuffner sc. 1793. Rare. Baker, Ho. 66.

        87 Oenl Washington. Bust in uniform. Head in profile to left.

        Oval, with border upon a Base, in a rectangle. Line. Height, 59-16 inches; width, 38-16 inches. Publish'd Jany 31, 1784, by John Walker from an original Painting. Rare.

        Baker, Ho. 70.

        88 George Washington, President of the United States of Amer-

        ica. Bust in uniform, in profile to right Oval, with narrow border. Stipple. Height, 2 14-16 inches; width, 2 3-16 inches. Engraved from an original Drawing taken in New York in 1 79 1. J. Chapman sculpsit Extremely rare.

        Baker, Ho. 75.

        89 The President of the XTnited States. Bust in uniform, in pro-

        file to right Oval. Etched. Height, 25-16 inches; wtdth, I 13-16 inches. "Massachusetts Magazine." March No. 1791. Rare. Baker, Ho. 77.

        80 General Washington Late President of the American Con- gress. Three quarter length, in uniform. Head nearly profile, the body three quarters to left. The right hand rests upon a sword hilt, held from the body and perpendicular theremth, a chapeau in the left In the distance to the left, a Battle. MesMotinto. Height, 19 inches; width, 13 io-x6 inches. Painted by R* Wright of Philadelphia. P. Dawe sculpt Lon- don Published by D. Gaily No. 263 High Holborn Jany 8th 1801. Extremely rare. Baker, Ho. aa

        8 [290

        81 Gen. Oeorgt Washington Commander in Ohief of the Armiee of the United States, Born Feb: nth, 1732, O. S. Died Decem- ber 14th 1799. Bust in uniform, in profile to right Over the head, an eagle with laurel wreath. Vignette. Stipple, Height, 3 4-16 inches; width, 1 5-16 inches. A. Doolittle sculp. Extremely rare. Baker, Ho. 81.

        88 G. Washington President of the XTnited States. Bust in uni- form, in profile to left. Oval. Etched, Height, ^^-16 inches; width, 3 ia-i6 inches. Title Page to "The Battle of Prague Favorite Sonate for the Piano Forte" Boston, Printed & sold by Graupner No. 6 Franklin St Baker, Ho. 89.

        Note. — Of the greatest rarity. Probably unique in this condi- tion, as it contains the 8 pages of music, Mr, Baker had only seen one copy and that without the music,

        38 Fuli hust in uniform, three-quarters to right. Head in pro- file. Oval. Stipple. Height, 46-16 inches; tvidth, 36-16 inches. Drawn by J. Wright. Engraved by W. Evans. (Heading to a Broadside Edition of The Farewell address. T. Bensley Printer, Bolt Court. Fleet Street, London.) Ex- tremely rare. Baker, Ho. 83.

        34 General Washington. Full hust in uniform, in profile to right Oval. Line, Height, 3 10-16 inches; width, 2 14-16 inches, T. Holloway sculp. "Literary Magazine." Published as the Act directs i Aug. 1792 by C Forster, Poultry. Rare,

        Baker, Ho. 87.

        85 General Washington. Full hust in uniform, in proiUe to left.

        Oval. Height, 39-16 inches; width, 213-16 inches. Stipple. For the Universal Magazine. (Philadelphia Feby. 1797.)

        Baker, Ho. 89.

        86 Washington. Bust in uniform, in profile to right. Stipple.

        Height, 311-16 inches; width, 214-16 inches, H. Roosing, sculp. Rotterdam. A. Loosjes Pz. Excudt 1793. Very rare.

        Baker, Ho. 94.

        87 Washington. Profile head and hust, to left, in a rectangle.

        Engraved by a Roulette. Height, 2 12-16 inches; width, 2 1-16 inches. Wm. Hamlin sc M 91. From Howdan's Bust, Richmond Va. Baker, Ho. 108.

        88 O. Washington. Head in profile to left, the hair flowing and

        tied by a ribbon. Circular medallion, Title on the left Line. Diameter, 3 inches, Dessin^ et Grave d'Aprrs Houdon par Alexandre Tardieu. * * * * Deposse a la Bibliotheque Na- tionale le 9 Vendemaire an. 9. A Paris chez Alex. Tardieu Gr. de la Marine Rue de TUniversite No 296 au Depot Na- tional de Machines. Rare, Baker, Ho. 108.

        291]

        89 Froflle head and busty to right. Vignette. Stipple. Height, 6 inches; width, 38-16 inches. Engraved to imitate a crayon drawing. Very rare. Baker, No. 109.

        40 Head in profile to right. Circular medallion upon a Base, in-

        scribed "Born Feb. 23 A. D. 1732— Died Dec. 14, 1799;" a figure of Liberty on the right, the U. S. shield on the left. The center of a circle ornamented with views at Mt Vernon. Line. Diameter, 2 1-16 inches. Designed by H. Billings, Engraved by the American Bank Note Co. (Copy Right by H. Barnes. 1859.) Baker, Ho. 110.

        liom.—Published at Boston in 1859, surrounded by a frame made from wood (Oak) grown at Mt. Vernon.

        41 Q. Wasington. Bust in uniform. Head nearly in profile to

        right. Vignette. Line. Height, 3 4-16 inches; width, 3 inches. Engd by H. B. Hall N. Y. 1865. J. Pcale Pinx, 1788. (Pri- vate Plate.) Baker, Ho. 111.

        42 George Washington. He'' en Virginie le 11 Fevrier 1732. Pro-

        file Head to left, laureated. Circular medallion, in the uppci part of a rectangle. The Title in a Tablet. Stipple. Height, 5 12-16 inches; width, 4 inches. Grav6 d*apres le camee peint par Madame de Brehan a Newyork en 1789. Dirige par P. F. Tardieu. Grav6 par Roger. Rare. Baker, Ho. 113.

        43 G^rge Washington, Esqr., President of the XTnited States of

        America. Full Bust in uniform, the order of the Cincinnati on the left breast. Head three quarters to the right. Oval, in a rectangle. Stipple. Height, 5 4-16 inches; width, 4 3-16 inches. Painted & Engraved by £. Savage. From the Original Picture Painted in 1790 for the Philosophical Chamber, at the Univer- sity of (Cambridge, in Massachusetts. Published Feby. 7, 1792, by E. Savage No. 29 Charles Street, Middx Hospital.

        Baker, No. 116.

        Note. — Very rare: extremely so with the full margin like this copy.

        44 George Washington Esqr President of the ITnited States of

        America. Nearly full length sitting, legs crossed, at a Table to the right, upon which is a Hat with a large Rosette. Head three quarters to right A large chart upon Table, is held by the right hand, the left arm rests upon it, the hand hanging over in front The background is formed by a curtain, which is drawn at the right, reaveals the sky, and the lower portion of a pillar. MeMxotinto. Height, 18 inches; width, 14 inches.

        10 [292

        £. Savage pinx. et sculp. From the original Portrait Painted at the request of the University of Cambridge in Massachu- setts. Published June 25, 1793, by £. Savage No. 54 Newman Street Baker, No. 118.

        Note. — Very rare. A magniUcent impression.

        45 G^rge Washington President of the ITnited States of Amer-

        ica. Nearly full length sitting, legs crossed, at a Table to the right. (Same description as preceding print.) MexMotinto. Height, 18 inches; width, 13 14-16 inches. From the original Portrait Painted at the request of the Corporation of the Uni- versity of Cambridge, in Massachusetts. Baker, Ho. 119. Note. — Extremely rare and very fine impression. Only two copies known to Mr. Baker.

        46 The Washington Family. Oeorge Washington, his Lady and

        her two Grandchildren by the name of Custis. La Famille de Washington. George Washington Son Epouse et ses deux petits Enfants du nom de Custis. Full figure in military cos- tume, seated to the left of the print His right arm, rests on the shoulder of the boy who is standing, while the left, is upon a chart extended on Table, to a part of which, Mrs. Washing- ton points with a fan. Stipple. Height, 186-16 inches; length, 246-16 inches. Painted & Engrav'd by E. Savage. Publish'd March loth, 1798, by E. Savage & Robt. Wilkinson No. 58 Comhill London. Rare. Baker, No. 120.

        47 GenL Georg^e Washington. Bust in uniform. Head three-

        quarters to right Oval. Stipple. Height, 3 14-16 inches; width, 33-16 inches. E. Savage Pinxt Wm. Hamlin set Provd. "Farnsworth Edition." Very Rare.

        Baker, Ko. 126.

        From Memory of Washington, Newport, R. I. 1800.

        48 Oenl G^rge Washington. Fnll bust in uniform. Head

        three-quarters to left. The order of the Cincinnati, on the right breast Oval, in a rectangle. Height, 42-16 inches; width, 3 inches. Stipple. W. Harrison Junr sculpt. Very rare.

        Baker, Ko. 128.

        48 Oeorge Washington, President of the United States of Amer- ica. Full Bust in uniform. Head three quarters to right. The order of the Cincinnati, on the left breast Oval, in a rec- tangle. Stipple. Height, 4 inches; width, 3 inches. Engraved hj S. HiU. Rare. Baker, Ho. 129.

        293] II

        00 George WaBhington Seqr. Fall bust in unifomi. Head to

        the right The order of the Cincinnati, on the left breast. OvaL Stipple. Height, 4i4

        Note.— Co^y of the Stipple head by Savage.

        01 G^rge Washington President of the ITnited States. Bust

        in unifomi, Head three-quarters to left The order of the Cin- cinnati, on the right breast Oval. Stipple. Height, 4 14-16 inches; width, 3 12-16 inches. Savage Pinxt Rollinson set Rare. Baker, Ko. 138.

        58 €(eorge Washington Ssqr President of the XTnited States of America. Full Bust in uniform. Head three quarters to right. The order of the Cincinnati, on the left breast. OvaL Stipple. Height^ 5 inches; width, 3 13-16 inches. From the original Picture painted by Savage in 1790 for the Philosophical Cham- ber of the University of Cambridge in Massachusetts. London Pubd for the Proprietor Aug. loth, 1793, by E. Jcffery No. 11 Pall Mall. Rare. Baker, Ho. 186.

        53 Same in colors.

        Note. — This is of the greatest rarity.

        54 George Washington President of the tJnited States of Amer-

        ica. Bust in uniform, body slightly to left, head drawn in rather an awkward manner, three quarters to right OvaL Stipple. Height, 4 inches; width, 34-16 inches. From an or- iginal miniature in the possession of Benjamin Smith of Phila- delphia. London Published by D. R3rmer, Book & Print Seller 10 Broad Court, Long Acre. Extremely rare.

        Baker, Ho. 137.

        55 Washington. Full bust in unifomiy a cloak around the left

        shoulder. Head to left Line. Height, 86-16 inches; width, 66-16 inches. Dessin^ par Couder. Grav6 par A. BlanchanL "Dedie a S. E. le General Jackson President des £tats-U«is d'Amerique, Par Son tres respectueux admirateur la Typo- graphe N. Bcttoni." Baker, Ho. ISO.

        Note. — A choice open letter proof, before inscription.

        66 General Washington. Full length in uniform. Head to the left, a field glass in the extended right hand, the left on sword hilt at his side. In the rear, a soldier witn a horse, and in the extreme background, the representation of a battle, (Trenton). At his feet, a dismounted cannon. Stipple, Height, 256-16

        12

        [294

        inches; width, 17 7-16 inches. Painted by John Trumbull, Eiqr. Engraved by T. Cheesman. London. Published by A. C De Poggi No. 91 New Bond Street June 1796.

        Bak«r, Ko. 141.

        Note. — Choice proof before letters.

        57 General George WaBhington. Bust in uniform. Head to left.

        Circular medallion, heading to an imperial folio sheet, contain- ing "The Declaration of Independence," surrounded by fifteen other medallions, two of which contain Portraits of John Adams and Thoms Jefferson, and the others, the coats of arms of the thirteen original States. Stipple. Diameter, 35-16 inches. Published by Phillips & Ensign y}i Bowery N. Y.

        Bakmr, Ho. 140.

        58 General Washington. Pull leng^ in uniform^ standing upon

        a rocky eminence near a river. The right hand holding a hat, rests upon his sword hilt, while the left in which is a scroll, the arm across the body, is pointing to a fortification upon the opposite Bank. In the bend of the river, in the rear, shipping enveloped in smoke, and to the right, a negro servant, with a horse, browsing, his fore-parts only visible. In the lower mar- gin, an Indian holding a shield, bearing the Washington Arms. MeMzotinto. Height, 23 inches; width, 16 inches. Painted by J. Trumbull Esqr of Connecticut 178a Engraved by V. Green Mezzotinto Engraver to his Majesty & to the Elector Palatine. Engrav'd from the original Picture in the Possession of M. De Neufville of Amsterdam. Published by Appointment of hL De Neufville Jany 1781 by V. Green No. og Newman Street, Oxford Street London. Very rare. Baker, No. 147.

        59 O. Washington. Bust in uniform. Head to left. Vignette,

        with a background ruled to a rectangle. Etched. Height, 4 13-16 inches; width, 3 10-16 inches. Etched by Alice Hall aged 18, New York, 1866. Baker, No. 14a

        60 George Washington. Bust in uniform. Head to left. Vig-

        nette. Line. Height, 4 inches; width, 44-16 inches. Engd by H. B. Hall Morrisiania N. Y. from the original by G>1. Trumbull. (Private Plate.) Baker, No. 149.

        61 G. Washington. Full length in uniform, standing upon an

        eminence near a river. Inclosed with a border, the Title in a Tablet in the lower part. Line. Height, 7 inches; 49-16 inches. J. Trumbull Pinx. Ja le Roy Sculp.

        Baker, No. 151.

        295] " «3

        69 Hia Excellency Cteorge Washington Ck>m]nander In Chief of

        the American Armies, Marshal of France &c. Full length in uniform standing, an open scroll in his right hand, inscribed "Freedom established by Valour and Perseverance." The left arm is across the body. Beneath his feet, flags and two scrolls, marked "Stamp Act," and "Boston Port Bill," and near by, two Books labelled "Acts of Par." and "Brit. Sut" In the air, a figure of Fame with trumpet, advancing to the left, in the act of crowning him with a laurel wreath. Line, Height, 68-16

        inches; width 47-16 inches. Extremely rare.

        Baker, Ho. 160.

        63 O. Washington, 1796. Bust. Head three-qnaxters to right.

        Oval. Stipple, Height, 214-16 inches; width, 23-16 inches. F. Bolt f. 1796. Rare, Baker, Ho. 161.

        64 Geo. Washington, Bust. Head three-quarters to right Oval,

        with border upon a pedestal, in a rectangle, a large open scroll in front. To the right a sword and scales, and to the left a Liberty cap, and oak branches. Line, Height, 7 inches; width, 4 inches, Grainger sculpt. Published as the act directs July I, 1794 by H. D. Symonds Paternoster Row.

        Baker, Ho. 163.

        66 Washington. Half length. Hasonic dress as a Past Xaster. head to right Vignette. Mixed, Height, 5 inches; width, 4 inches. O'Neill N. Y. Engraved from the Portrait, painted from life by Williams, for Alexandria Washington Lodge, No. 22, Virginia, 1794. Artistes proof.

        Baker, Ho. 166.

        66 George Washington President of the tJnited States. Full bust in uniform, with black neckerchief, Head to right. Oval, with narrow scroll border. On the point of a straight sword, which extends from the top of the oval, is a liberty cap, and across the middle the word, "Libertas," surrounded by a laurel wreath ; rays diverge from the wreath, losing themselves in clouds. Beneath the oval an eagle in clouds, with a long ribbon in his mouth the ends over his wings, inscribed "£ Pluribus Ununu" At each side, flags and palm branches reaching to tlie top. The whole, inclosed with two slight lines. Stipple, Height, II 13-16 inches; width, 93-16 inches. Painted by W. Robert- son. Jon. Jas. Barralet Invenit 1795. Engrav'd by R. Field. Published by Walter Robertson, Philadelphia & New York 1st August 1795. Baker, Ho. 169.

        14

        [296

        67 Oenl. Washington. Pull bust in uniform. Head and bust

        three quarters to the left. Oval, with border in a rectangle; beneath the oval, a representation of a review, entitled "Genl Washington takes command of the American Army at Cam- bridge July 3d 1775." Line. Height, 68-16 inches; width,

        3 14-16 inches, Tisdale sc. Engrav'd for C. Smith N. York. Very rare. Baker, -Ho. 173.

        68 General George Washing^ton. Full bust in uniform, with

        black neckerchief. Head to right Oval, with narrow scroll border. Stipple, Height, 44-16 inches; width, 37-16 inches. Very rare. Baker, No. 174.

        69 G. Washington. Bust Head to right. Vignette. Stipple.

        Height, 58-16 inches; width, 5 inches, A. Wertmuller S. Pt Phila. 1795. H. B. Hall. From the original Picture in the possession of Chas. Aug. Davis, Esq. N. York, New York G. P. Putnam & Co. Baker, Ho. 176.

        Note.— //a/^j Own proof copy.

        70 Washington. Bust. Head to left. Vignette. Line. Height

        4 12-16 inches; width, 3 8-16 inches. From the original paint- ing by Sturat taken from life, in possession of the Boston Athenaenum. Engraved by Joseph Andrews. Choice Artisfs proof. Baker, Ko. 177.

        71 Bust. Head to right. Oval. Line. Height 8-16 inch;

        width, 2 16 inch. Baker, Ko. 181.

        Note. — This is the smallest engraved portrait of Washington, The name of the Engraver is not known,

        72 General Washington. Bust in uniform. Head to right.

        Stipple, Height, 48-16 inches; width, 36-16 inches, J. Chap- man sc. Published as the act directs Mar. i i8oa

        Baker, Ho. 198.

        NoTB. — In colors and very rare.

        78 General Washington. Full length, standing. The "Lans* downe Portrait" Line. Fully described in No. 83. Height, 19 12-16 inches; width, 13 inches. Baker, Ho. 194.

        74 G. Washington, who departed this life Deer 14, 1799. Xged

        68. Bust, head to left. Circle, in a rectangle engraved to represent stone work. The title beneath the circle. Stipple, Height, 210-16 inches; width, 24-16 inches. T. C. Clarke sc. Sold by W. Spotswood. Baker, Ho. 196.

        297] '5

        7ft George Washington. Bust Head to right OraL Stipple. Height, 4 inches; width, 3 7-16 inches. A Doolittle sc. "Con- necticut Magazine." Extremely rare. Baker, Ho. 204.

        76 Boat. Head to left Oral.

        Stipple. Height, 4 14-16 inches; width, 42-16 inches. D. Ed- win Fecit, Philadelphia Published Jany i 1800 by A. Diddns.

        Baker, Ho. 809.

        77 Washington. Bust Head to left

        "Take him for all in all, We ne'er shall look upon his like again." Vignette. Stipple. Height, 23-16 inches; width, 1 4-16 inches. Edwin sc Rare. Baker, Ho. 816.

        78 Washington Sacred to Memorj. Three-quarten length in

        uniform, seated, the order of the Cincinnati on the left breast A sword lies in the right fore-arm and a chart in the hand, the left hand resting upon that portion of it which is upon the table. A curtain drawn up at the right, reveaN an encamp- ment in the distance. In the lower margin, an Eagle displayed, with shield and motto, "£ Pluribus Unum." With a border 1 1-16 inches in width, the title in a tablet in the upper part Be- neath the portrait and let into the border a funeral urn, sup- ported by two female figures and surrounded by war emblems. Upon the top of the urn, a sword and field glass crossed and on a medallion in the three line "OB. Dec 14, 1799. MT 6a" Stipple. Height, 11 3-16 inches; width, 810-16 inches. F. Bartoli pinxt D. Edwin sc Revised by I. J. Barralet. Published by D. Kennedy 328 Market St. Philada. Rare.

        Baker, Ho. 217.

        Note. — Choice proof, before inscription.

        79 George Washington, Ssqr. Half length, head to left. Back-

        ground formed by a curtain drawn up to left, revealing a Pil- lar. Messotinto. (Printed in colors.) Height, la inches; width, 10 inches. Painted by C. G. Stuart Engraved by James Fisher. From the original Picture in the possession of J. Sebn De Franca Esqr of Devonshire Square London. London Published by P. Fischc April loth 1801. Extremely rare.

        Baker, Vo. 9M.

        80 Oeorge Washington. Fall length, standing. The ''Tea-Pot

        Portrait." Fully described in No.- 84. Messotinto. Heighi, 34 5-16 inches; width, 16 7-16 inches. G. Stuart pinxt S. H. Gimbcr. Very rare. Baker, Ho. 83a

        81 Oeorge Washington! Full bust, head to left Stippla.

        Height, 73-16 inches; width, 6a-i6 inches. Drawn by B. Trott. Engraved by C. Gobrecht Baker, Ho. 285.

        16 [298

        82 General Washington President of the XTnited States, Bom

        February 22nd 1732, died December 14, 1799. Full length, standing. The "Lansdowne Portrait/' Fully described in No. 83. Stipple, Height, 1914-16 inches; width, 13 inches. Painted by G. Stuart, 1797. Engraved by C. Goodman and R, Piggott. Published by W. H. Morgan No. 1 14 Chestnut Street Philada. Baker, No. 236.

        83 General Washington. Fnll length, standing, head to left.

        The right arm is extended as if speaking, and a dress sword in the left hand, is held by his side. To the left a table partly covered with a cloth, upon which an inkstand and books; be- neath the table, also some books. To the right, a little in the rear, an arm chair, and in the background two rows of pillars, between which, is a curtain partly drawn up. Line. Height, 19 13-16 inches; width, 13 inches. Painted by Gabriel Stuart 1797. Engraved by James Heath Historical Engraver to his Majesty, and to his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, from the original Picture in the collection of the Marquia of Lans- downe. Published Feby i. 1800 by Jas. Heath No 42 Newman Street, Messrs. Boydells, Cheapside & J. P. Thomson Great Newport Street London. Copy Right secured in the United States according to Law. Baker, Ho. 250.

        Note. — This is known as the "Lansdowne Portrait.**

        84 Washington. Full leng^, standing, the right hand resting

        by the fingers, upon a table to the left. In the left hand, a dress sword held at the side. The coat is drawn together by a single upper button. In the rear, to the right, an arm chair. Line. Height, 202-16 inches; width, 144-16 inches. Painted by G. Stuart Engraver by J. H. Hills. Baker, Ho. 262.

        Note. — Known as the "Tea Pot Portrait," from the position of the arm. The figure is fuller and turned more to the left, than in the "Lansdowne,'' and is much better drawn. The accessories are the same.

        85 G^rge Washington. Fall bust. Head to Bight. Line.

        Height, 92-16 inches; width, 44-16 inches. Engraved by T. Holloway from a picture painted by Mr. Stuart in 1795 in the possession of Samuel Vaughan Esqr. Published as the act di- rects by T. Holloway and the other proprietors Novr. 2, 1796.

        Baker, Ho. 258.

        86 Oenl Washington. Half length, head to left, Measotinto.

        Height, 16 2-16 inches; width, 13 12-16 inches. J. Kennedy set. Engraved from the original Picture Painted by Gabriel Stew- art Esqr, Now in the possession of Paul Beck Esqr. "This

        299] 17

        print is respectfully dedicated to the citizens of the United SUtes l^ T. W. Freeman" Freeman Excudit. Philadelphia 1st Sept 1813. Rare. Baker, Ko. 2\S9.

        87 Geo. Washington, Esqr, Lata President of tha United States

        of America. Full Bust, head to left Stipple. Height, 8 14-16 inches; width, 7 7-16 inches. C. G. Stuart pinxt W. Nutter scuplt From an original Picture in the Possession of J. Sebn De Franca Esqr of Devonshire Place to whom this Plate is Dedicated by his obliged humble Servt Robt. Cribb. London, Published Jany 15th 1798 by R. Cribb, Holbom.

        Baker, Ho. 5S94.

        Note. — Printed in colors. Of the greatest rarity. Superb copy with full deckle edges.

        88 George Washingon, Eaqr., Lata President of the XTnited States

        of America. Full Bust, head to left Oval. Stipple. Height, 52-16 inches; width, 42-16 inches. C. G. Stuart pinxt W. Nutter sculpt London published by R. Cribb Jany 15, 1799. yery rare. Baker, Ho. 295.

        89 Washington. Full length. The ''Lansdowne Portrait" Fully

        described in No. 83. Line. Height, 202-16 inches; width, 13 inches. Painted by Gilbert Stuart Eng'd on steel by W. L. Ormsby N. Y. Published by W. L. Ormsby 1 16 Fulton Street N. Y. Baker, Ho. 297.

        90 Patriae Pater. Bust, head to laft. Oval. On left of oral,

        "Bom Feb. 22d, 1732." and on right, "Died Dec. 14th, 1799." Line. Height, 3 4-16 inches; width, 2 12-16 inches. Painted by G. C. Sturat Eng. by J. W. Pardise. Very rare.

        Baker, Ho. 298.

        91 Washington. Bust, head to left. Inclosed by a square bor-

        der of lathe work, with a star in each comer. In the upper margin, an Eagle displayed, with U. S. shield and motto, "E Pluribus Unum." In lower margin a flag, (upon which is the title) rolled about a staff. Height, 2 13-16 inches; xvidth, 2 4-16 inches. Perkins & Heath, Patent Hardened Steel Plate. Very rare. Baker, Ho. 304.

        99 George Washington. Full bust, head to left (Lansdowne). OvaL Stipple. Height, 4 6-16 inches; width, 3 10*16 inches. Stuart del. ad viv. L. Portman sc. A. Loosjes Pz. exc. Z805. Rare. Baker, Ho. 906.

        18 [300

        f

        83 O. WaBblngton. Full length. The "Lansdowne Portrait. '^ Fully described in No. 83. Messotinio, Height, 204-16 inches; width, 16 inches. Painted by G. Stuart. Engraved by H. S. Sadd. Baker, Ko. 319.

        94 Genl G^rge Washington departed this life Deer. 14th 1799, aged 68. Bust, head to right Oval, in a rectangle. The title &c. in a tablet with arched top, beneath the oval. Stipple. Height, 44-16 inches; width, 3416 inches, Scoles sc. Pub- lished by I. Low N. York. Rare, Baker, Ho. 327.

        9ft a«nl Washington. Bom Feb. 22, 1735^ Died Dec 14, 1799.

        Bust, head to left. Oval. Stipple, Height, 2 10-16 inches; width, 23-16 inches. Published by M. Carey. Rare.

        Baker, Ho. 328.

        96 (George Washington. Bust, head to left. Oral. Stipple.

        Height, 311-16 inches; width, 23-16 inches. Scoles sculp. Rare. Baker, No. 329.

        97 G^rge Washington. Bast, head to left. Oral. Stipple.

        Height, 2 11-16 inches; width, 2 3-16 inches.

        Baker, Ho. 330.

        98 Q. Washington. Head to left. Vignette, with a background

        ruled to a rectangle. Stipple, Height, 128-16 inches; width, 9 12-16 inches. Engraved by H. Wright ^mith after the Por- trait by Stuart. Copyright by W. S. Baker. Published By Lindsay & Baker. Philadelphia 1879. Baker, Ho. 334.

        Note. — No. 27 of sixty impressions struck oif. Mr. Baker had this plate for his own personal use. It is one of the finest of modern line engravings,

        99 George Washington. Half length. Head to left (Lans-

        downe). Stipple. Height, 38-16 inches; width 3 inches. En- graved by G. Stodart. Published by J. Mason 14 City Road & 66 Paternoster Row. Rare. Baker, Ho. 336.

        100 Q. Washington. Bust, head to left. Oval. Stipple.

        Height, 4 8-16 inches; width, 3 13-16 inches. B. Tanner sc. Rare. Baker, Ho. 340.

        101 George Washington. Full bust, head to left Oval.

        Stipple. Height, 8 13-16 inches; width, 6 13-16 inches. Painted by G. Stewart. Engraved by C. Tiebout. Published by C. Ticbout No. 28 Gold Street New York January 8th 1800.

        Baker, Ho. 343.

        'Son.—Very rare and beautiful impression, 301] 19

        109 Oeorge Washington. Bust, head to loft. OraL Stipple.

        Height, 3 4*i6 inches; width, 28-16 inches. G. Stewart Del. C Tiebottt sculp. Rare. Baker, Ho. 344.

        103 Oen. Geo. Washington. First President of the ITnited States.

        Bust, head to left OvaL Stipple. Height, 8-16 inches; width, 6-16 inches. R. Tiller sc "Copyright secured." Very rare. Baker, Ha 345.

        104 Washington. Head to left. Vignette, with hackgronnd

        ruled to a rectangle. Stipple. Height, 22 14-16 inches; width, 18 inches. Engraved by Thomas B. Welch (By Permis- sion), From the only original Portrait by Gilbert Stuart in the Athenaeum, Boston. Published by George W. Childs, Phila- delphia. (Copyright 1852). Baker, Ho. 351.

        Note. — This is the most important work of Welch, and is a very close rendering of the original. He was a fine draughts- man and painter, as well as engraver. A copy of this head in oU, by him, is well executed and good in color.

        105 Washington. Full length. The ^'Lansdowne Portrait*'

        Stipple. Height, 8 inches; 5 12-16 inches.

        Baker, Ho. 350.

        Note. — Only one impression of this came under the notice of Mr. Baker. It is very rude in execution, and the drawing bad in every respect. An early American print.

        106 Bust, head to right. Oral, resting npon books labelled,

        "Order, Law, Religion." To the left, a lion, with fore feet on a scroll entitled "Answer to Addresses." On the right, an eagle, head and neck only visible, upon another scroll marked "Last Legacy." At the top of the oval, a laurel wreath with diverging rays. To the right, in same plate (Ob. 4to.), an oval like size, upon some books, containing the portrait of Jefferson, facing. The books are labelled "Sophism, Tom Paine, Voltaire, &c." with a rattlesnake and crocodile in place of the lion and eagle. In the lower margin, the quotation from Shakespere, "Look on the Picture and on this, &c. Ac" Etched. Height, 5 inches; width, 4 inches; New York, June, 1857. Extremely rare. Baker, Ho. 360.

        tiqn.'—A full sheet with both portraits.

        107 G. Washington Bom Feb. 11th (0. 8.) 1732, Bled Deer

        14th 1799. Pull Bust, head to left Line. Height, 8 14-16 inches; width. 7 7-16 inches. Rare.

        Baker, Ho. 308.

        20

        [302

        108 G«o Washington. Bust, haad to right. Oral. Stipple.

        Height, 2 10-16 inches; width, 2 inches. Deare's Edition. Ded- icated to the Washington Benevolent Societies in New Jersey. Publish'd & Sold by Lewis Deare, N. Brunswick, N. Jersey.

        Baker, Ho. 863.

        Note. — This portrait heads a sheet of music entitled "A Favor- ite New Federal Song Adapted to the President's March. Sung by Mr. Fox. Written by J. Hopkinson, Esqr." This is the first appearance of "Hail Columbiif' set to music.

        109 General Washington, Late President of the United States

        of America. Half length, head to left Oval, with border in a rectangle. MestBotinto. Height, 12 inches; width, 912-16 inches. London, Published March 21st 1801 by Haines & Son,

        No. 19 Rolls Buildings, Fetter Lane. Rare.

        Baker, Ho. 868.

        Note.— Oit/y one impression of this has come under the notice of Mr. Baker.

        110 O. Washington. Bust, head to left. The hackgroond ruled

        perpendicular, and the comers rounded. Line. Height, 4 inches; width, 3 inches. Caspar Y. Roig Editores Madrid.

        Baker, Ho. 874.

        Note. — Only one copy of this has come under the notice of Mr. Baker.

        111 George Washington Esqr late President of the United

        States of America. Full length standing, right hand upon a scroll upon a table to the left, inscribed "Declaration of Inde- pendence." To the right, an arm chair, and in the background a curtain drawn up at the left, shows some pillars, and the open sky. Mexsotinto. Height, 18 inches; width, 13 inches. Engraved from the original Drawing by Savage.

        Baker, Ho. 875.

        Note.— Afr. Baker saw only one copy of this engraving. It has the Stuart head and the general characteristics of the figure and accessories resembles the "Tea Pot Portrait." This copy is in colors.

        118 Patriae Pater. Full hust, head three-quarters to right. Oval, with border surrounded by an oak wreath in a rectangle, • the whole, imitating stone work. A cloak or mantle hangs over the front of the oval, with a colossal antique head as a Key- stone. Lithograph. Height, 196-16 inches; width, 156-16

        303] 21

        mches. Drawn on stone by Rembrandt Peale. Copyright cured 1827. Pendleton's Lithography, Boston. Very rare.

        Baker^Ho. 879.

        Note.— CAotc^ proof on India paper, only copy known in this state. Air. Baker in describing this print says "that it was Peale's first Lithograph," but before his death he discovered that the portrait described under Lot 113 was really the Urst.

        113 Washington. Bust. Life-siBe. Head to right. Vignette.

        Lithograph, Height, 15 12-16 inches; width, 148-16 inches.

        From the Original Portrait Painted by R. Peale on stone by R.

        Peale. Lithographed by Pendleton, 9 Wall Street.

        Note. — This is a choice copy of the first lithograph engraved on stone by Rembrandt Peale, in Boston. The stone after a few impressions was inadvertently cleaned by a workmoK.

        114 Washington. Bust, head three-quarters to right. Litho-

        graph. Height, 23 inches; width, 19 inches. Drawn by Rem- brandt Peale from his original Portrait Copyright secured 1856. Duval & Co. Baker, Ho. 380.

        116 Similar to preceding number. This is one of the first Im- pressions of this portrait and was touched in crayon by Peale himself. It is an entirely different print from the preceding one, copyrighted in 1856, as the comparison of the space be- tween buttons will prove.

        116 Q. Washington. Full Bust, head three-quarters to right.

        Oval, with border surrounded by an oak wreath in a rec- tangle, the whole engraved to represent stone work. A cloak or mantle, hangs over the front of the oval, with a colossal antique head as a Key-stone. Beneath the oval, the words, "Patriae Pater." Messotinto. Height, 19 inches; width, 15 2-16 inches. Rembrandt Peale pinxt. Adam B. Walter sculpt. Published 1^ C. N. Robinson No. 248 Chestnut st, Philada. Baker, Ho. 384.

        Note. — This copy is colored by hand,

        117 Oeorge Washlng^n, Late President of the United States of

        America. Full Bust, head three quarters to right, the left hand thrust in the breast Oval, with border resembling a picture frame, leaning against some rocks in a landscape, and surrounded by flags and war emblems. In the background, the rays of a setting sun. Oblong quarto sheet. Stipple. Height, 4 inches; width, 36-16 inches. Painted by W. Birch, Esq., of Carolina. Engraved by P. Roberts. 'This plate is Humbly dedicated to the Friends of the above Gentleman by their most obedient Humble Servt. P. Roberts." London, Published as the act directs April 10, 1800, by P. Roberts at Mr. Hollands. Rare, Baker, Ho. 380.

        22

        [304

        118 Profile busty in uniform to right. Oval, surrounded by lau-

        rel branches, with diverging rays. At the top, a pen and sword crossed, and beneath, on a ribbon "First in war, First in Peace and First in the hearts of his Countrymen." Stipple. Height, 10-16 inch; wtath, 8-16 inch. Extremely rare.

        Baker, Ho. 306.

        119 Geo. Washington Esqr President of the United States.

        Bust in uniform, profile to left. Silhouette. Height, 28-16 inches; width, 1 12-16 inches. From his profile taken in 1791. Published by J. Easton, Salisbury, 1796.

        Baker, Ho. 898.

        120 Bust in uniform, profile to right, burrounded by a border,

        Grecian pattern ; at the top, a ribbon tied into a bow. Height, 3 12-16 inches; width, 3 2-16 inches. Baker, Ho. 399.

        Note.— On/3^ one impression of this print came under the notice of Mr. Baker.

        121 America Lamenting her loss at the tomb of Washington.

        Intended as a tribute of respect paid to departed merit & vir- tue in the remembrance of that illustrious Hero & most amiable man who .Died Dec 14, 1799. Profile Bust, in uniform, to right. Oval medallion, upon a Monument, surmounted by a funereal urn. Over the medallion a wreath, and beneath, "G. Washington." Upon the tablet, the following inscription:

        Bom nth Feby. O. S. 1732.

        Com. Cont. Army, 1775.

        Pres. Fed. Convention, 1787.

        Declined Election, 1796.

        Com. Fed. Army, 1798. America represented by a female figure leaning upon the base of the Monument, to the right. On either side, cypress and willow trees, and in the immediate foreground, an eagle with bowed head. Line. Height, 11 12-16 inches; width, 76-16 inches. Designed, Engraved & Published, by Aikin & Harri- son Junr, Philada Jany 20th 1800. Baker, Ho. 400.

        Note. — Only two impressions of this have come under the notice of Mr. Baker. The profile resembles the Sharpless Portrait.

        122 Full Figure, in uniform, standing upon a pedestal, head to

        right, a baton in the extended right hand, the left, resting light- ly upon the sword hilt at his side. The coat is buttoned, with the order of the Cincinnati on the left On the left of the figure, a bundle of fasces against a trunk of a tree, upon a branch of which is a cocked hat. In the background, and to the right and left, representations of various battles. Upon

        305] 23

        Peace and First in the Hearts of his Country." (Head after Stuart) Stipple, Height, 234-16 inches; width, 18 13-16 inches. Designed, Engrav'd & Pubtish'd, by John Ecjcstein Philada. "To the Honorable the Society of the Cincinnati, fully inscribed by the artist" Extremely rat'e.

        Bak», Ho. 401.

        this Monument of Genl Geoiige Washii^on, Is very respect-

        133 Apotheosis of Washington. Toll flguro stated on donds, a cherub in the act of crowning him with a laurel wreath. Be- neath to the right, a view of the Mansion at Mount Vernon. Stipple. Height, 2014-16 inches; width, 14 10-16 i$uhes. Painted by R. Peale. Engrav'd by Edwin. Published by S. Kennedy, No. 129 Chestnut St comer of 4tli, Philadelphia. Very rare. Baksr, Ho. 404.

        184 Pater Patriae. Bnst in nniform, head thrse-quartsrs to right. Oval medallion, upon the shaft of a Monument pyra- midal in shape, surmounted by a funereal urn. The medallion is supported by Minerva, and Fame holds over it ury her left hand a laurel wreath which encircles the title; in her mouth a trumpet, from which hangs a banner inscribed Tren- ton, Princeton, Monmouth, Yorktown. fn a tablet upon the base, to which the Genius of America is pointing with averted the pedestal engraved to imitate marble, "First in war. First in head, the inscription in seven lines, "Sacred to the memory of the truly Illustrious George Washington, Renowned in War, Great in Senate, and possessed of every qualification to render him worthy the Title of a Great and Good man." Upon the plinth, "Bom FA. 22, 1732, Ob. Dec 14, 1799." In the right foreground, a soldier wearing a conical shaped hat, is express- ing his grief, his gun upon the ground. The Genii of War. Liberty and Truth with emblems, surround the shaft (Head after Savage). Line. Height, 13 inches; width, 814-16 inches. Painted by John Coles jun. Elngd by £. G. Gridley. (Boston July 28, i8oa) Extremely rare.

        Baker, Ho. 403.

        125 Qen. Oeorge Washington departed this life Deer. 14th 1700,

        M. 67, and the tears of a nation watered his grave. Full Bust, in uniform, head to right. Oval, with border, the words "Sacred to the memory of the brave," in the lower half, eigh- teen stars. The oval rests on a base, upon which the lines, "Washington's no more, by silent griefs express'd, Lo! here he lies, his works proclaim the rest" A medallion upon the base, contains the title &c., in eight lines. Stipple. Height, 412-16 inches; ividth, 43-16 inches. P. Maverick. N. Jersey. Baker, Vo. 404.

        24 [306

        126 In Xemory of Oenl George Washington and his Lady.

        Busts of Washington and Mrs. Washington, facing each other, upon a large funereal urn on a pedestal, placed in a landscape beneath a weeping willow. Washington in uniform, head three quarters to right In the background, a view of the Man- sion House and out buildings at Mt Vernon. Three Figures, two oi whom are females (one weeping), are advancing from the left. (The head resembles Savage.) Stipple. Height, 115-16 inches; width, 166-16 inches, S. Seymour Fecit, Philada Jan i, 1804. Published by J. Savage according to Law.

        Baker, Ho. 405.

        197 Commemoration of Washington. Full fignre, surrounded by clouds rising from a tomb, supported by Time and Immor- tality, the latter pointing upwards. To the left, figures of Faith, Hope and Charity. In the fore-ground to the right, an Indian with bowed head, and to the left, Liberty with war emblems at her feet On a tomb, the inscription "Sacred to the Memory of Washington, Ob. 14 Dec A. D. 1799 Mt 68." I. J. Barralet Fecit Stipple. Height, 24 inches; width, 186-16 inches. Philadelphia, Published by Simon Chaudron and John J. Barralet Jany 1802. Baker, Ho. 406.

        128 Geo. Washington. Full figure in uniform, upon a pedestal, in the middle distance of the design. In the right hand, an open scroll inscribed "Friends and Fellow Citizens," the left, upon a sword at his side. Army and Navy emblems on each side of the pedestal, upon which is the title. In the immed- iate fore-ground in front of the statue, a large funereal urn upon a pedestal, on which in a tablet, "Sacred to Patriotism." In the back-ground, a view of Bowling Green, New York. Line. Height, 2313-16 inches; width, 232-16 inches. De- signed & drawn by Chas. Buxton M. D. Tiebout sculp.

        Baker, Ho. 407.

        Note. — Of the greatest rarity in complete state. The only copy known to Mr. Baker was cut down very much.

        128a Full bust, head to right. Oval, on the top of a funereal

        urn. In the front of a monument, on the base of which is inscribed "Bom Feby nth 1792 O. S. Died Decemr 14th 1799." To the left of the monument, the figure of America, weeping, to the right of the figure Justice, with hand pointing to the angel of fame above. Back of each figure is a palm tree. On a large sheet entitled "Lived respected and Fear'd — Died Lamented and rever'd."

        307] 25

        "Columbia lamenting the loss of her Son Who redeem'd her from Slavery & Liberty won While Fame directed by Justice to spread The sad tidings afar that Washington's dead."

        Line and Stipple, Height, 106-16 inches; width, 912-16

        inches, Philadelphia Published by Pember & Luzardes, 1800.

        Rudely colored by hand, Bakor, Vo. 40S.

        Note. — Only one impression had been seen by Mr, Baker. The head is after Stuart,

        109 Washington (crossing the Delaware.) Full figure, in uni- form and chapeau, on horseback, advancing to the right, an extended field glass in his right hand. In the rear to the right, the river and troops crossing and preparing to cross. With- out sky or inclosing lines. Etched, Height, 138-16 inches; width, 12 inches. Published by Humphrey Phelps, 356 Bow- cry & 157 Broadway, N. York, Augt ist 1833.

        Baker, Ho. 410.

        Note. — Extremely rare and colored by hand,

        130 The Washington Family. Full length, in uniform and

        chapeau, standing upon a portico at the head of a flight of steps, taking leave of Mrs. Washington preparatory to a ride. A riding whip in the left hand, the right extended towards Mrs. Washington, who stands about the centre of the print A negro groom is waiting with a saddle horse, at the extreme right Three young people, a boy and two girls, one of whom is seated, are at the left To the right, the view of a distant landscape. Mezzotinto, Height, 17 12-16 inches; width, 23 1 1 -16 inches. Painted by J. Paul Junr Philadelphia. En- graved by £. Bell London. Published December ist 1800^ by Atkins and Nightingale No 143 Leadenhall Street London ft No. 35 North Front Street, Philadelphia. Extremely rare.

        Baker, Ho. 411.

        iSl O. Washing^n. Full length, in uniform, seated at a table upon which is a military cloak. Head to right A sword rests against the chair, and a letter is held in the right hand. Line, Height, 21 8-16 inches; width, 16 7-16 inches. Painted by C Shussele. Engraved by Edward S. Best

        Baker, Ho. 413.

        Note. — Artisfs proof,

        132 Washington reoeiTlng a Salute on the Field of Trenton. Full figure, in uniform on horseback, advancing to the right, a drawn sword in extended right hand. His hat resting in the fore-arm, is held by the left hand. Line. Height, 24 inches; width, 17 10-16 inches. John Faed R. S. A. Wm. HolL Published exclusively for Subscribers, by the "National Art Association." New York 1865. Baker, Ho. 416.

        26 [308

        138 Wasjoliigton. Full length, in uniform^ standing, head to left, a field glass in the right hand. To the left a mounted cannon, and to the right partly in the rear, a horse led by a soldier. In the distance to the left, on the opposite bank of a river, fortifications. Line, Height, 254-16 inches; width, 21

        ^ inches. Engraved by Laugier 1839. Painted by Cognet 1856.

        i "The head from the original painting by G. Stuart in the

        Athenaeum, Boston." Baker, Ho. 417.

        134 Hie Excellency George Waehington Beqr Captain Qeneral ' of all the American Forces. Full length, in uniform and

        cocked hat, a baton in the extended right hand, while the left rests upon the muzzle of a cannon. Head, nearly in profile to left In the left distance, a commander's marquee and tents. Line, Height, 6 12-16 inches; width 4 inches. From the English edition of An Impartial History of the War in America between Great Britain and Her Colonies, etc. London & Car- lisle, 1789. Baker, Ho. 418.

        136 Same as preceding print. Line. Height, 6 indiee; width,

        3 14-16 inches. J. Norman sc. A copy from the exceedingly rare Boston Edition of book mentioned in No. 134. Boston 1781-82. Baker, Ho. 419.

        136 Washington as a Xason. Full length standing, in Xa-

        sonic Regalia, the right hand on an upright book (upon a table), labelled "Ancient Masonic Constitutions," the left, holds a gavel upon a pedestal. Oval. Mezzotinto, Height, 83-1O inches; width, 6 3-16 inches. Eng'd by Geo. E. Perrine. From a Photograph. Published by Moore & Co. 11 Nassau St New York. Baker, Ho. 480.

        137 (Horg. Washing^n. Full figure, in uniform and chapeau,

        on horseback advancing to the left, a drawn sword in extended right hand. A palm tree in the background to the left, and some negroes and low buildings to the right. The landscape southern in character. Line, Height, 5 14-16 inches; width,

        4 inches, H. Pinchas sc Extremely rare.

        Baker, Ho. 421.

        138 Qeneral Washington. Bust, head nearly in profile to right.

        Line, Height, 38-16 inches; width, 28-16 inches. R. Scott sc. Rare. Baker, Ho. 423.

        189 Washington as a Xason. Full length, standing. Fully described in No. 136. Metsotinto. Height, 82-16 inches; width, 63-16 inches. Eng'd by A. B. Walter. Published by John Dainty 15 S. 6th St Philadelphia. Baker, Ho. 425.

        309] 27

        139a The true Portraiture of hia Xxoelleney George Waahiagton Esqr in the Roman Dress, as ordered t^ Congress for the Monument to be erected in Philadelphia, to perpetuate to Pos- terity the Man who commanded the American Forces through the late glorious Revolution Full length, in armor, holding a halberd, head to left In the lower left helmet with plumes and gauntlet In the lower right a battle scene. Stipple, Height^ 94-16 inches; widths 7 5-16 inches. The only known copy. Baker, Ha 486.

        140 George Waahington Preaident of the United Btataa of Amar-

        ica. Full figure in civil dress, head to left, a medallion on his breast, suspended by a ribbon around his neck. In the right hand a cocked hat, the left by his side holds a dress sword in an awkward manner. Inclosed by a narrow border, in which at the top is a roll crossed by a pen, inscribed "Revolution." No background. Line. Height, 6 inches; width, 4 4-16 inches. Published by H. D. Symonds, June 18, 1795. Extremely rmre.

        Baker, Ho. 487.

        141 George Waahingfon, Father and Protector of America. Tail

        length standing, the left hand on hip, the right arm extended. In the back gtound a curtain, and to the left two pillars upon a large base. MeMMottnto. Height, 128-16 inches; width, 9 12-16 inches. Baker, Ho. 484.

        Note. — Only one impression of this has been seen by Mr. Baker, Colored by hand.

        148 George Waahington. Profile head to right, lanreated. Glr- cular medallion, suspended by a ring and ribbon. The title in the upper part of the border. Stipple, Diameter, 36-16 inches. Grave d'apres le Cam^e, peint par Mme la Marquis de Bryant, par A. F. Sergent, 1790. Very rare.

        Baker, Page 805.

        The following portraits are not in Mr. Baker's catalogue:

        148 General Washington. Pull length, standing, '^Lansdowne Portrait." MeMMotinto. Height, 23 inches; width, 168-16 inches. Published July ist 1901, by Atkins & Nightingale, No. 100 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. Excessively rare.

        144 Same aa preceding. Printed in colore.

        MeMMotinto. Height, 2210-16 inches; width, 168-16 inches. Published July ist 1801, by Atkins & Nightingale, No. 100 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia.

        Note. — This is an impression in colors from the same plate as the preceding number; the plate having been cut off sHghtly at the top, probably unique.

        28 [310

        145 Georgre Washington. Full length standing, ''Lansdowne

        Portrait/' Messoiinto, Height, 266-16 inches; width, 201-16 inches, £. Savage Executd. Very rare,

        146 Full lengthy standing. Xasonic Begalia, leading two little

        children. Face to the left, on a large plate representing the distinguishing characteristics of Masonry, Charity bestowed on proper objects. "To The Grand Lodges of the United States." On the same plate are Portraits of DeWitt Clinton, Franklin, Gen. Warren etc. Stipple, Height, 158-16 inches; width, 21 I -16 inches, Stothard delt. Kearny Scult

        147 Full length, standing, in military uniform, in front held by

        an. orderly, Face to left. On the left two female figures repre- senting Peace and Plenty. In the distance, a field of wheat and sheaves. To the right a tent, front of which is a soldier hold- ing a flag, upon which is inscribed "Washington America's Friend." In the distance shipping, and the lower right hand, cannon and flags. In the center over all, an eye with refulgent rays, and the angel of Fame with a wreath in one hand and a scroll in the other, upon which is inscribed "Their breasts with grateful ardour bum And social joys with social rites re- turn." etc. Aquatint, Height, 89-16 inches; width, i6ia'i6 inches. Very rare.

        148 0£OBOE WA8HINOTOK President of the United States of

        America. The protector of his Country and Supporter of the rights of Mankind. Bust, in uniform, profile to left. Under the Bust a scroll upon which is inscribed "Bom nth Feb. 1732." Circular, with a border upon which is the inscription. Whole surrounded with by fourteen rings interlinked, in which is engraved the thirteen coats of arms of the States and the United States. In the four corners are the following iii scrolls, "The United States were first declared Free and Independent July 4th 1776." "The Present Constitution was formed by the Grand Convention held at Philadelphia Sept 17th 1787." "The number of Inhabitants in the several States are according to the returns made to the Secretary of State in the year 1791." "The number of Senators and Representatives is what the Constitution alloweth each State at Congress." In the lower left margin, "S. W. Territory 50,000 Inhabitants. N. W. Ter- ritory 5,000 Inhabitants." In the lower right margin, "Ver- mont 85,000 Inhabitants. 2 Senat. 2 Repre." etc. Stipple, Height, 206-16 inches; width, 16 10-16 inches. A Display of the United States of America To the Patrons of Arts and Sciences, in all parts of the Worid this Plate is Most respect- fully Dedicated, by their most obedient humble Servant Amos Doolittle New Haven Octr ist 1791. Printed & Sold by A.

        3"] 29

        Doolittle New Haven where Engraving & Rolling Press Print- ing is performed. Been rudely colored by hand. The only known copy, in this state.

        140 Sam* as preoodiniry l^t the plate appears to have been ma- terially altered, the portrait being different and the Inscription bearing date March ist 1796. This also has been rudely col- ored by hand.

        ItK) Half lenirtby in uniform, head to left. Bight hand resting: on a sword hilt In the distance, fort, flags, etc. Meusotinto. Height, 1711-16 inches; width, 14 15-16 inches. Engraved by Josey after Peale. London, 1899. Artists proof,

        161 OENSRAL WASHnrOTOH. Half len|rth in uniform. HMd to left. MesMotinto. Height, 12 11 -16 inches; width, 10 inches. Painted by J. Trumbull, Esqr of G>nnecticut Engraved by V. Green, Mezzotinto Engraver to his Majesty & to the Elec- tor Palatine. Publish'd June 3rd 1783 by V. Green No ap, Newman Street, Oxford Street & Sold by J. Brydon, Printscl- ler. No. 7, Charing Cross London. Note. — From the celebrated /. Chalmer Smith collection,

        IM His Exoell: O: WASHTyOTOH Bsqr Late Commander in Chief of the ARMIES of the UNITED STATES of AMER- ICA. Full Bust, in uniform, head to left Oval, in a rec- tangle, surrounded with a border in which is the inscription. MeMMotinto. Height, 76-16 inches; width, 511-16 inches. Painted and engraved by C. W. Peale 1787. Very rare,

        153 O. Washington. Late President of the XTnited States of

        America. Half length, face slightly to the right, in the right a scroll upon which is inscribed "American Independence." Oval, in a rectangle. Mezzotinto, Height, 172-16 inches; width, 14 12-16 inches. Painted by G. Hodson at New York Engraved by P. Dawe. Publish'd April, 1801, by S. Qement Somers Town, & Sold at No 44 Wells Street Oxford Street Very rare,

        154 General Washington Full I'ength in uniform, standing in

        front of a tent, the right hand thrust into the waistcoat, the left hand holding a scroll upon which is inscribed "Declaration of Independence," "Treaty of Alliance between His Most Chris- tian Majesty and the United States of America." In the front of the tent, a table with a cover, upon which are lying various papers entitled "New Windsor. Daily Correspondence with Congress," etc. To the left of the tent is a horse, held by a negro servant On the ground are various papers entitled "Conciliatory Bills. A Proclamation," etc. Line and stipple. Height, 1212-16 inches; width, 914-16 inches. Colored by

        30 [312

        hand. This is a copy by an early American engraver from the print by Le Mire described under No, lo. Probably unique.

        156 HU ExMirejr George Washington, Beqr Commander In

        Chief of the Armies of the United States of America. Full Bust, in uniform, head slightly to the right. Fully described in No. 12a. Line. Height, ii 8-16 inches, xwdiii, 9 1-16 inches. This is a copy of portrait No. 12a only engrazfed in reverse. Probably unique.

        168 O. WA8HINOTOK ESQB. roll bust, head to right. Oval, with a border, upon which is the inscription. Stipple. Height, 4 14-16 inches; width, 4 1-16 inches. The inscription in this plate is printed in reverse, as the portrait was engraved for transferring on a pitcher.

        X ^

        159 George Washington. General en Chef der vereing^ten Ameri-

        canischen G>Ionien. Full Bust, in uniform with a cocked hat, head to right Oval, in a rectangle representing stone work. Underneath a base upon which is the inscription. Stipple. Height, 8 14-16 inches; width, 6 2-16 inches. J. G. Schmidt, sculpsit Berlin. Printed in red. Only known copy.

        160 GIOBGIO WA8HINGT0H. roll bnst, in uniform, head to

        right. Circular. Stipple. Diameter, 3 inches. Minatellis. Publicato in Venezia a spesc di Caterin Minatelli e Comp. Very rare.

        161 HI8 EXCELLEKCT GENERAL WASHINGTON. Eoll bust,

        in uniform, head to left. Oval in a rectangle, on a base. Line and stipple. Height, 4 12-16 inches; width, 3 1-16 inches. On . the same sheet is a portrait of Lady WASHINGTON. Both

        have been rudely colored by hand. Excessively rare.

        168 Bust, head to left Oval. Stipple. Height, 11-16 inches; ividth, 9-16 inch. On a map entitled North America including the United States and their Boundaries agreeable to the peace of 1783. Woodman and Mitlow, sculp. Published, June xst 1783, by J. Fielding No. 23. Paternoster-Row. There is a com- panion portrait on the plate of Benjamin Franklin. From "A Polite Traveller." Very rare^

        163 His Excellency Genl Washington. Full bust, in uniform, head to left Oval, in scroll work, surrounded by a square frame. On either side of the portrait are two oval medallions, one bearing a shield and a coiled snake, the other bearing a shield with representations of shipping and agriculture. Un-^ demeath the portrait are two angels blowing trumpets, and im- plements of war, a coiled snake extending along the lower

        313] 31

        \

        313] 31

        \

        nurgin. Line and stippU, Height, 2 10-16 inches; width, 5 1-16 inches. This presumably engraved by Paul Revere, The only known copy.

        164 OBHB&AL WA8HIHOTOK, LATE PSE8IDEHT 0¥ THE

        UNITED STATES. Full bust in uniform, profile to left. Oval in rectangle. MeMsotinto. Height, 6 7-16 inches; width, 5 inches. Published Feb'y 6, 1801, by John Fairburn, 146 Mi- nores» London. Colored by hand. Of great rarity. There is a companion print of Napoleon by the same engraver.

        165 Oeory* Washington Esqoiar Q«mral et Gdmandenr en Chef

        d'Arm^ des XIII Provinces unies en Amerique. Half length in uniform, right hand thrust into waistcoat, head slightly to left. Oval in a rectangle. MestMotinto, Height, 8 inches; width, 64*16 inches. Peint par Alexander Campbell a Willi- amsbourg en Virginie. Se vend e Londres Chez Thorn. Hart The only copy known. Different from the similar print de- scribed by Mr. Baker, under No. 50.

        166 OEOBOE WASlLLNOTOHy Esqr General and Commander in

        Chief of the Continental Army in America. In uniform with cocked hat, on horseback, drawn sword in right hand, the blade of which is resting on fingers of the left hand. In the distance is a battlefield. Line. Height, 7 inches; width, 58-16 inches. Nach dem Leben gezeichnet von Alexander Champbell von Williamsburg in Virginien. Gestochen, 1778. Joh. Martin Will, exe. A. V. Very rare.

        167 Oior^o Washington. Full Imst, profile to right. Circular.

        Stipple. Diameter, 2 8-16 inches. Very rare.

        168 OBOEGE WASHINGTON EQEB, General en Chef de I'Ar-

        Anglo-Am^riquaine, nomme Dictateur par les Cong^6s en Fev- rier 1777. Full bust in uniform with cocked hat, with a drawn * sword partly visible on the left. Oval in a rectangle, with the title in a tablet. Line. Height, 64-16 inches; width, 45-16 inches. Very rare. Similar to Baker No. 58, but lacking the decoration of war implements.

        160 Eirst in War, First in Peace and first in the Hearts of his

        Countrymen. Full bust in uniform profile to right. Oval, with refulgent rays. Crossed swords and pen on top, laurel branches underneath. The title in a scroll. The whole sur- rounded with a wreath of oak, etc. Topped with a flying eagle supporting a shield, holding ribbons in its beak, upon which is inscribed, "July 181 1 Pro Patria." Underneath bee-hive, money, war implements, shipping, etc. Stipple. Height, 52-16 inches; width, 5 7-16 inches. G. Fairman, del. St Kneass, * sculp. Very rare. A certificate of the Washington Association

        of Philadelphia.

        32 [3x4

        170 OEHB&AL WASHINGTOK'S SE8IOKATI0K. FuU length,

        on the steps to a monument, upon which is seated the figure of Fame, head to left In the lower left hand corner an eagle with outspread wings, supporting a shield, etc Line, Height, 6 inches; width, 3 10-16 inches. Barralet Invt. & Direxit. Law son sculp.

        171 OEHL WASHIHGTOK. Toll bust, in uniform, head to

        right with black neckerchief. Oval with border. Stipple, Height, 3 5- 16 inches; width, 210-16 inches. Very rare.

        178 O. Washington. Foil bust, head to left. Stipple. Height, 4 11-16 inches; width, 3 3-16 inches. After style of Edwin.

        173 Sacred to the XBKOBY 0¥ OBOSGE WASHIHGTOK,

        BORN FEB. 22, 1732. DIED DEC. 13, 1799. The American Hero and Statesman. Bust, head to left. Oval. Height, 10-16 inch; width, 13-16 inch. Designed and engraved by Joseph Perkins. Published by Rand and Perkins. Portrait Eng'd by J. B. Longacre,' No. 34 South Sixth St, Philadelphia.

        174 JTuU hnst, head to left. Aquatint. Height, 6 16-16 inches;

        width, 5 inches. G. Gallina, s. Very rare. Proof before in- scription.

        176 WASHIHGTOK. Profile to left Circular. Diameter, 14-16 inch. On an engraving of a perpetual calendar, background being the first United States flag in colors. Published during the War of the Revolution. Very rare,

        176 O. WA8HIHGT0H EB OEHHBAL OF THB CONTIN'T

        ARMY OF AMERICA. Profile to right Circular medallion in a rectangle, supported on a tablet upon which is the inscrip- tion, "Washington reunit par un rare assemblade Les talen du Gueriet et les vertus du Sage. Voltaire." Around the medal- lion are flags and laurel branches. Stipple. Height, 10-16 inches; width, 3 9-16 inches. Dessim6 et grav£ Testard d'apris la Medaille frapp6e i Londres par le parti des Opposants A Paris ch6s Testard rue des Cordeliers audessus de TEgout Very rare.

        177 OEOBGE WASHIHOTOH. The Saviour of his Country.

        Full bust, head to right Oval. Stipple. Height, 4 3-16 inches; width, 3 10-16 inches. Published by Shelton & Kensett. A. Doolittle, St Excessively rare.

        178 G. WASHnVGTOH. Profile to left Ciroular medalUon.

        Stipple. Diameter, 25-16 inches. Nach Tardieu von Sena Very rare,

        315] 33

        170 Toll leagtliy standing. The ''LanBdowne Portrait,'' on an ornamented base. Lm#. Height, 4 14-16 inches; width, 4 a- 16 inches. Drawn & Engrav'd t^ R. Tiller, Jr. The stare card of Joseph Cake, no North Second Street, Philadelphia. Rare.

        180 Bitratto di Washington. TnU bust, head to l«ft Vignstte.

        On sheet with portrait of Franklin. Stipple in colors, Heighi, 4 4-16 inches; width, 3 10-16 inches. Very rare,

        181 OBOSGB WASHXBOTOH. FuU bust, proiUo to Isft Oval

        in a rectangle. Meesotinto in colors. Height, 97-16 inches: width, 73-16 inches, Sharpless, Fecit S. Arlent Edwards* scolpsit Published 18991 By J. Percy Sabin. 80 Nassau St, New York. Artisfs proof signed.

        MEMORIAL DESIGNS.

        182 GEOB WASHIKQTOH Bom ¥eb. 11, 1732, IMsd Beer. 13,

        1799- Full bust, profile to left Oval on the side of monument, near which is standing the figure of an Indian woman, holding a flag, representing America. To the left a female figure repre^ senting Europe. At the feet of the figure representing America is a negro reading a book. On either side back of figures are trees and in the distance the ocean with ships under full sail. On a large plate inscribed, ''Europe. America." Mezzotinto. Height, 9 4-16 inches; width, 13 10-16 inches. London Pub'd Oct'r 6. 1804, by P. Gaily. No. 7. Beauchamp Str't Brook's Mark't Very rare,

        188 01 Washington. FuU bast, in uniform, head to left Oral medallion, on a column, on which are portraits of Columbus Americanus, Sr. W. Raleigh, Dr. Franklin, J. Adams, Lafayette. Aside of the column a full length figure of America, holding a flag, and pointing to Washington. Two little Indian boys, to the left Oval in a rectangle. Meseotinto, colored by hand. Height, 12 14-16 inches; width, 912-16 inches. On a large plate entitled, *'An Emblem of America." Published 4tli, Sept'r, 1798, by John Fairbum, No. 146 Minories, London. Very rare.

        184 Full length, seated in a chair, receiving a scroll from the Goddess of Wisdom supported by the Goddess of Liberty. MesMotinto. Height, 12 14-16 inches; width, 9 15-16 inches. On a large sheet entitled "WISDOM supported by LIBERTY presenting Genl. Washington, a Code of Laws for Establishing

        34 [316

        American Independence." Published Nov. 5, 1801, by I. Hin- ton, 44 Wells Str. Oxford Str. & P. SUmpa, 74, Leather Lane, Holbom. Very ran,

        lU O. WA8HIHOTOK in hi* last lUnaM, attended by Doers. Craik and Brown.

        "Americans behold and shed a grateful tear For a man who has gained yo'r freedom most dear And now is departing into the realms above Where he may ever rest in lasting peace & love."

        Representing Washington in bed, with the two doctors standing at bedside, one feeling his pulse, Mrs. Washington sitting weep- ing at a table, on which are bottles of medicine, etc. Stipple, colored by hand. Height, 9 13-16 inches; width, 96-16 inches. In the style of Doolittle,

        186 O. Washington. Thers is rest in HeaTsn. Toll bast, head

        to left Oval medallion, on a monument, over which is a weep- ing willow, to the left a figure of Hope, pointing upwards. In the center, male and female figures weeping. The whole in a circular medallion, in a rectangle representing stone work, underneath of which is the inscription, "Sacred to the Memory of the Illustrious G. Washington." Stipple. Height, 814-16 inches; width, 7 14-16 inches, T. Clark, Sculp. 1801, Boston. Rare,

        187 Q. WASHINOTOK. Full busty in uniform^ iKToflle to left On

        a title page of a sheet of music entitled, "The Battle of Tren- ton." The title is an Oval, to the left of which is a figure of Liberty, over the top of the oval, the bust of Washington. Above is the figure of Fame, crowning him with a laurel wreath, to the right of bust are flowing flags. In the lower right hand comer, are a drum and war implements. Stipple, Height, II 8-16 inches; width, 8 inches. New York, Printed and sold by James Hewitt at his Musical Repository, No 131 William Street B. Carr Philadelphia & J. Carr Baltimore. Price los. NoTB. — nis is in a b0und volume of music which belonged to Miss Eleanor Parke Cuslis, who was Washington's adopted daughter. The engraving above mentioned was probably done by Wright, and is the only complete copy knotun. The contents of the books are in the handxvriting of Laurence Lewis Washing- ton, Washington's favorite nephew, who was the husband of Nelly Custis. It came from the sale made in Philadelphia by Mr. Henkels, in December, 1890, and was made for the final set- tlement of the Estate of Gen. Washington.

        317] 55

        188 Original portrait, in oil, of Washington, full bust, by Gil-

        bert Stuart

        Note. — The art expert, Mr. Charles Henry Hart, writes as follows of this great painting: "I have studied with care this portrait of IVashington and it is without doubt painted by Gilbert Stuart, Americans master painter, and a replica of the head known as the Athenctum picture, now in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Stuart painted a num- ber of these replicas and the one you have is one of the best that I have ever seen. I consider it in every respect a ^ne picture and an interesting one."

        Loaned by Xr. Charles W. Henry.

        189 Original portrait, in oil, of Washington in uniform, by Bem-

        brandt Peale.

        Note. — This is a faithful and beautiful copy by Rembrandt Peale of the one he painted from life.

        Loaned by Brother Joseph Wright.

        190 Original portrait, in oil, of Washington, full leng^ figure,

        by David Rent Etter, 1835. After the "Lansdowne Portrait."

        Note. — This is the original picture, a copy of which Mr, Etter painted and presented to the District of Southwark, After the consolidation it became the property of the City and is now hanging in the Independence Hall.

        Loaned by Bro. Charles Faulus.

        191 Portrait, in oil, of Washington, full length figure in Ka-

        sonic dress, by C. Leutze, 1865.

        Loaned by Grand Lodge of Fenna.

        192 Original manuscript Minute Book of Solomon's Lodge of

        Poughkeepsie, N. Y., from 1771 to 1784.

        Note. — Washington was a visitor to this Lodge and his name occurs in the minutes. One item of the minutes is worthy of note, vis. : "May 16, 1784, * * * Ordered that the Name of Benedict Arnold be considered as obliterated from the Min- utes of this Lodge — a Traitor," and on a previous page we find his name heaifily crossed out.

        Loaned by M. W. Bro. Edward M. L. Ehlers.

        193 Bond of Washington as guardian of the children of Daniel

        Parke Custis, the first husband of Martha Washington, dated May 23rd. 177a

        Note. — This is signed on the back by George IVashington as guardian. Loaned by Hudson Biver Lodge, Ho. 607 of Hewburgh, H. T.

        36 [318

        A^

        194 Last promiBBory note given by Washington to William Her-

        bert, dated Alexandria, 21st Octr. 1799, and two autograph letters from William Herbert to Tobias Lear and Lawrence Lewis in reference to same.

        Loaned by Xr. James 8. Bradley, Jr.

        195 Letter, signed by George Washington, to Got. Glinton of

        New York, dated Rocky hill 2nd. Novr. 1783.

        Note.— r/iii letter announces the signing of the Treaty of Peace with England and the evacuation of New York by the British, Loaned by Hx. George C. Thomas.

        196 Bound volume containing autograph letters and letters

        signed by George Washington, his Aides, various members of his family and his physician.

        Note. — This also contains an autograph survey made by Washington when eighteen years old.

        Loaned by Xr. George C. Thomas.

        197 A collection of nearly two hundred different enfi^ved por-

        traits of Washington bound in two volumes.

        Note. — As frontispieces to volumes are an autograph letter

        signed by Washington, dated "Mount Vernon 14th, June,

        1798." and an autograph survey made when he was 20 years

        old, dated "2Sth. March, lys^"

        Loaned by Hx. George C. Thomas.

        198 Autograph letter signed by George Washington. Dated

        "Mount Vernon, 29th. June, '86."

        Note. — A very humorous letter in reference to "Royal Gift," which was presented to him by the King of Spain,

        Loaned by Xr. George C. Thomas.

        199 Bank cheque drawn on the Bank of Alexandria and signed

        by Washington. Loaned by Hx. George C. Thomas.

        200 Military letter to Major-General Greene signed by Wash-

        ington, dated "Head Quarters, West Point, 5th. Octr. 1779.**

        Loaned by Mr. Benjamin Lane Starling.

        201 Military letter to Ephraim Blaine and signed by Washing-

        Ion, dated "Head Quarters, 20tK Feb. 1781" in reference to the Military Posts at Albany, Fort Schuyler, etc.

        ^OTE.— Ephraim Blaine was the great-grandfather of Hon,

        James G. Blaine.

        Loaned by Mrs. Catherine 8. Buchanan.

        319] 37

        202 Fhilad«lphla Oasette ft UnlTersal AdTerttsar, for I>6e«mb«r

        3h 1799- Published by Brown & Reli Non. — This contains tht proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania on December 26, 1799, in reference to tlie death of Washington, Loaned by Coxnxnlttae on Library, Orand Lodg« of Ponna.

        203 True American ft Commercial Advertiser, for February 82,

        1800. Published l^ S. F. Bradford. Philadelphia. Note. — This contains the oration on Death of IVashington delivered by Bro. S, Chaudron on January 1, 1800, before the French Lodge I'Atnenite, of Philada, Loaned by Committee on Library, Orand Lod|^ of Fenna.

        204 The Intelligencer and Weekly Advertleer, from July 31,

        1799 to July, 1803. Published by William & Robert Dickson at Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

        Note. — The December 2Sth, 1799 number, contains the notice of the death of Gen. Washington and the June 2d. 1802 number, contains the following : "Died at Mount Vernon on the evening of 22d, ulto. Mrs. Washington, relict of the late Gen. George Washington."

        Loaned by Bro. William Sweigart.

        205 Original manuscript of the Bules, Xinutea, etc of the So-

        ciety of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick for the relief of Emigrants from Ireland. From the very inception of the So- ciety in I 771 to 1796.

        Note. — This is the oldest charitable and patriotic society in the United States. In the minutes we find "Monday i^h Dec't 1 781 * * * His Excellency General Washington was unani- mously Adopted a member of this Society, Ordered — That the President, Vice-President & Secretary tiwt on his Ex- cellency with a Suitable Address on the Occasion, & that they present him with a Medal of the Society. Also, tliat they Invite his Excellency & his suit to an Entertainment to be prepared & given at the City Tavern on tuesday, the first of January, to which the Secrfy is directed to also invite the Presidents of the State & of Congress * with all the General Officers that may be in the city." Washington attended a number of the celebrated dinners given by this Society. Loaned by the Society.

        See next number.

        206 Qold medal of the Society of Priendly Sons of St. Patrick

        for the relief of Emigrants from Ireland.

        Note. — This medal was made in London in 1772. One of the Rules of the Society, was "That each Member shall furnish himself with a Gold Medal of the Value of Three Guineas^

        38 [320

        agreeable to the following description'. On the right Hi- hernia; on the left America, In the centre Liberty Joining the hands of Hibernia & America, to be represented by the usual figures of a Female supported by a Harp for Hi- bernia, An Indian with his Quiver on his back & his bow slung for America, Underneath: Unite. On the reverse: St, Patrick trampling on a snake, a Cross in his hand dressed in his Pontificalibus, The Motto: Hier," A medal similar to this was presented to Washington in 178X.

        Loaned by lEr. Peter 8. Dooner.

        207 Holy Bible and Book of Common Prayer. Pnbliahed by

        Charles BelL London. 1702.

        Note. — This is the Custis family Bible, which wets inherited by Martha Washington, It contains the entries of the births of Fanny Parke Custis, Sept. 13, 1710 and Daniel Parke Custis, Oct, 15, 171 1. There are also records of the marriage of Daniel and Martha Custis and the births of their various children. On the page at the end of the New Testament is to be found the birth record of George W. P. Custis, the adopted son of Washington, On the page im- mediately preceding the Book of Psalms will be found the record of the birth of that great soldier Gen. Robert E. Lee. "This Bible was read in her morning devotions by Martha Washington.*'

        Loaned by S. W. Bro. Oeor^^ W. Xendrick, Jr.

        808 Martha Washington's Prayer Book. Published by Hugh

        Gaine, New York. 1793.

        Note.— iT/ifi interesting memento has the signature of Eleanor Parke Lewis iCustis), Washington's adopted daughter^ It has also the inscription in the handivriting of Lorenso Lewis {her son), "For M, E, A, Lewis. This prayer book was read by her great-grandmother Mrs. Martha Wtuhing- ton," A beautiful specimen of early American bookbind- ing. Purchased at the sale made in December, 1890. for the final settlement of the Estate of Washington,

        Loaned by Xr. George C. Thomas.

        809 Bilver pickle fork, with twisted ivory handle, owned by

        Washington. Loaned by Mr. Stan. V. Henkels.

        810 Blue Nankeen china plate, handsomely decorated, owned by

        Washington. Loaned by Mr. Stan. V. Henkels.

        811 Two handsomely decorated Boyal Dresden saucers, owned

        by Washington. Loaned by Mr. Stan. V. Henkels.

        818 Plated ilsh knife, owned by Washington.

        Loaned by Mr. James 8. Bradlfy, Jr.

        321] 39

        213 Decorated French china cup and saucer, from the set

        which belonged to Washington.

        Loaned by Xr. James 8. Bradley, Jr.

        214 Old cut Bose glass salt cellar, owned by Washington.

        Loaned by Xr. James 8. Bradley, Jr.

        215 Old cut Bose glass preserve dish, owned by Washington,

        being a portion of the set at Mt Vernon and Morristown.

        Loaned by Mr. James 8. Bradley, Jr.

        216 Blue Nankeen china oblong plate, decorated with the Insig-

        nia of the Order of Cincinnati.

        Note. — A beautiful specimen, being a piece of the service pre* sented to Washington by the Officers of the French army who participated in the War of the Revolution,

        Loaned by Krs. Oharles L. Sbunilton.

        217 Pearl button cut from Washington's waistcoat, by Nelly

        Custis, Jan. 6, 1759.

        Loaned by Xr. James 8. Bradley, Jr.

        218 Shaving glass, owned by Washington.

        Loaned by Xr. James 8. Bradley, Jr.

        219 Black wooden spool from Xartha Washington's workbasket.

        Loaned by Xr. James 8. Bradley, Jr.

        220 Piece of dress worn by Xartha Washington.

        Loaned by Xr. James 8. Bradley, Jr.

        221 Needle book made by Nelly Custis, the ilgured dark red

        satin on the covers is from "Martha Washington's second- day gown."

        Loaned by Xr. James 8. Bradley, Jr.

        222 Needle book made by Nelly Custis, the cover was made from

        a piece of Martha Washington's gown, and inside is a piece

        of Martha Washington's wedding dress.

        Note. — This and the preceding number were inherited by

        Nelly Custis's favorite grandson, "Little ZatT (H. L. D.

        Lewis) who was a great pet of President Taylor,

        Loaned by James 8. Bradley, Jr.

        223 Cane made of wood of Xount Vernon, with black bone top

        used by Washington.

        Note. — This cane was presented by Judge Bushrod Washing- ton to Hon. Richard Rush,

        Loaned by Xr. 8tan. V. Henkels.

        40 [322

        884 Brick from the Tomb of Washington, at Mount Vernon.

        Loaned by Xr. Henry B. Bancroft.

        885 Bnet of Washington by Jean Antoine Houdon.

        Note. — This is the bust which was made in 1785 hy Mr. Houdon from the life mask of Washington, and was at Mount Vernon at the time of the death of Washington being inventoried at $ioaoo by his executors. In 1849 CoL John Augustus Washington, who was then the sole heir of Mount Vernon, was asked by Mr. Clark Mills, the sculptor, for the bust to make the colossal equestrian statue of Washington, now in the city of Washington. It re- mained in the possession of Mr, Mills until 1873^ when he presented it to Mr. Wilson MacDonald, the sculptor, who gave it to his daughter. Miss Bella MacDonald, in whose possession it has remained for nearly twenty years and has since been in the keeping of the present holders.

        Loaned by Xr. C. W. Edwards.

        286 Bronse bnst of Washington, after Houdon.

        Note. — There were six Bronze replicas made of the bust of Washington by Houdon and this is one of the six.

        Loaned by S. W. Bro. George W. Xendrick, Jr.

        887 Colored porcelain boat of Washington, sculptared by Bnoch

        Wood, 1818. Loaned by Dr. Max J. Stem.

        888 Parian marble bnst of Washington.

        Loaned by Bro. Edward H. Weyant.

        389 Parian marble bust of Washington, after Houdon.

        Loaned by Xr. Stan. V. Henkels.

        830 Gold button, worn by an officer at the Urst Inauguration of

        Washington, in 1789. In center "G. W." surrounded by "Long live the President" and thirteen stars.

        Loaned by Bro. George P. Bupp.

        831 Brass button, worn by one of Washington's body-guard at

        his second inauguration in 1793. In centre "G. W." sur- rounded by "Long live the President** and the thirteen original States in circles. Loaned by Bro. George P. Bupp.

        838 Two white china pitchers, each decorated on one side with a

        beautiful miniature portrait of Washington in colors by Birch being fine reproductions of his well-known ivory miniature which he painted from life. On the reverse of each pitcher is a mountainous scenery, in which is a flag pole and the Ameri- can flag floating therefrom. In the front are eagles with out- stretched wings. They are also artistically ornamented in gold.

        Note. — These are fine specimens of Tucker china, which was the first porcelain made in America. They are probably unique. Loaned by Bro. J. B. McCflung.

        323] 41

        888 Two French china full Icn^rth flflTorM of Washington and JefFeraon. Decorated in gold and colors. Note. — Theu were made in Paris in the latter part of the eighteenth century.

        Loaned by Bro. J. B. Mednni^.

        984 Small china mng, decorated with the portraits of Washing- ton and Lafayette, made at the time of Lafayette's visit to the United States.

        Loaned by Krs. Oharles L. Hamilton.

        285 Staffordshire punch bowl» decorated in black, around the out- side is the portrait of Washington and Franklin; a vignette of "Poor Jack" and a verse laudatory of "Poor Jack/' in the inside is a ship and around the inside edge is the reproduction of war, philosophical instruments, etc.

        Loaned by Krs. Oharles L. Hamilton.

        386 Barly American pottery, two handle Jar, upon the front, in

        colors, is the portrait of Washington, flags, etc

        Loaned by Hrs. Charles L. Hamilton.

        237 Curious colored portrait of Washington in black firame.

        Loaned by Hrs. Charles L. Hamilton.

        288 Colored engraved grouping of profile portraits of Louis XVX,

        Count d'Artois, Duke and Duchess d'Angoultoe, Duke de Berri, etc. Loaned by Mr. Henry B. Bancroft.

        289 Photograph of Washington's mansion at Hount Vernon. Loaned by Hudson Biver Lodge, Ho. 607 of Hewbnrgh, H. T.

        240 Painting, in oil, of Washington's headquarters during the

        Battle of Brandywine by Walter Clark.

        Ifoaned by Bro. 8. Lane Anderson.

        241 Photograph of same.

        Loaned by Bro. 8. Lane Anderson.

        242 Two bayonets used in the War of the Berolution. Ploughed

        up on the battlefield of Brandywine.

        Loaned by Bro. 8. Lane Anderson.

        248 Collection of cannon balls, grape shot, etc ploughed up on

        the battlefield of Brandywine.

        Loaned by Bro. 8. Lane Anderson.

        244 Seven photographs of different views of Washington's hsad*

        quarters at Newburgh, N. Y. Loaned by Hudson Biver Lodge, Ko. 807 of Newburgh, V. T.

        42 [324

        846 BUver wine oavtor, with four out glMMm bottles. Owned hj the Washington family in England Now owned by the Rev. William H. Cavanagh.

        Loaned by Xr. Charles Karehall

        S46 Original oopper plate of the portrait of Washington, en- graved by Hatch.

        Loaned by Xiae Amelia IHuunnore.

        M7 Antique pewter deep diah, with the monogram "Q, W." aur-

        rounded with "Long live the President"

        Loaned by Xr. Charles V. Bodey.

        948 Ten pieces of Colonial and Continental paper money taken

        from the desk of Washington's Military Secretary at Trenton.

        Loaned by Xrs. A. Boss ViUebrown.

        849 Frame containing a view of Fraunces' Tavern, Kew York, the fkmous hostelry used by Washington, together with an autograph receipt signed by Samuel Fraunre«, as fteward, for money expended on the President's household, engraved por- trait of Washington by Durand, and an illuminated quotation from Washington's address to his officers in 1783.

        Loaned by Xr. James 8. Bradley, Jr.

        250 Very old plaster medallion, with bust of Washington in high

        relief and French motto at top.

        Loaned by the Historical 8oeiety of Delaware.

        251 Two old flint lock pocket pistols that were presented to

        Judge Gunning Bradford of Delaware, during the War of the Revolution, by Washington.

        Loaned by the Historical 8ooiety of Delaware.

        252 Ormolu mant,el dock, with full length figure of Washington

        standing aside dial; made in the early part of the nineteenth century. Loaned by Xr. Henry Whelen, Jr.

        258 Small Ormolu dock, surmounted with bust of Washington,

        made in the latter part of the eighteenth century.

        NoTB. — This was formerly owned by Judge Jasper Yaies, who imported it from France during the lifetime of Wash- ington. Loaned by Xr. Henry WhdMi, Jr.

        254 White porcelain medallion, with bust of Washington. One of the very few manufactured at the Royal Factory at Sevres, France, by order of Louis XVI. Note. — An unusually valuable piece.

        Loaned by Xr. Henry Whelen, Jr.

        325] 43

        255 Small real bronse bust of WaahinsTton, of axqulalta work-

        maiiship, made in the latter part of the eighteenth century.

        Iioaned by Xr. Hanry Whatan, Jr.

        256 Bronaa figure of Waahlngton.

        Loaned by Xr. Henry Whalen, Jr.

        257 Small Wedgwood piteher, with biiata of Waahington and

        Lafayette in relief, on a dark background.

        Loaned by Xr. Henry Whelen, Jr.

        258 White Staffordahire pitcher, decorated with full length por-

        trait of Washington standing near a cannon, with shipping in the rear, and on the reverse a ship in full saiL

        Loaned by Hr. Henry Whelen, Jr.

        259 White Staffordahire pitcher, decorated with boat of Waah-

        ington on one side, a ship in full sail on the other.

        Loaned by Hr. Henry Whelen, Jr.

        260 White China pitcher, decorated in black and colore, with

        portrait of Washington, manufactured during the Gvil War.

        Loaned by Hr. Henry Whelen, Jr.

        261 Nankeen china deep plate, ornamented in gold and bronce,

        with funereal decorations in the center in memory of Washing- ton. Note.— ^ very beautiful and very rare piece of china,

        Loaned by Hr. Henry Whelen, Jr.

        262 Dinner Card of Waahington. "The Preaident of the United

        States requests the pleasure of Mr. Gloninger's Company to dine on Tuesday next, at 4 O'clock, March i, 1799. An answer requested. "

        Loaned by Hiatorical Society of Penna.

        263 Discharge of William Boderfleld, gunner in the Third Ar-

        tillery Regiment, Continental Army, signed by General Wash- ington at Head Quarters, June 9th. 1782. Also signed by his Aide, Jonathan Trumbull, Jr.

        Loaned by Hiatorical Society of Penna.

        264 Autograph letter aigned by Ctoorge Washington, dated

        Mount Vernon, 24th. of May, '99, in reference to the erection of a fence between his and Thomson Mason's property. Written on Washington's water-mark paper.

        Loaned by Historical Society of Penna.

        265 Autograph letter signed by George Washington, dated

        Morris Tavern, 22d. February, 1777, in reference to the scarc- ity of provisions for the army.

        Loaned by Historical Society of Penna.

        44 [326

        266 Gold enamelled memorial pin, containing the hair of George

        and Martha Washington.

        Loaned by Historical Society of Penna.

        267 Large oval solid silver Indian Treaty medal. Full length

        figure of Washington with outstretched hand about receiving the pipe of peace from an Indian warrior. In the background, a fanner with a yoke of oxen and plough with the inscrip- tion underneath "George Washington President 1793." On the reverse an eagle with outspread wings.

        Loaned by Historical Society of Penna.

        268 Bead March ft Monody. Performed in the Lutheran

        Church Philadelphia on Thursday the 26th December 1799 be- ing Part of the Music selected for Funeral Honors to our late illustrious Chief, General George Washington. Composed for the occasion and respectfully dedicated to the Senate of 'the United States by their Obet. humble Servt. B. Carr. With a small stipple portrait of Washington after Stuart.

        Loaned by Historical Society of Penna.

        269 Liverpool ware pitcher, decorated with a portrait of Wash-

        ington in oval, on the front. The rarest of all Washington pitchers.

        Loaned by Historical Society of Fenna.

        270 Large Liverpool ware pitcher, decorated with an orna-

        mented portrait of Washington on one side and an oval with verses commemorative of Washington on the other side.

        Loaned by Historical Society of Penna.

        271 Stone china sug^ar bowl, decorated with view of Mount

        Vernon. Loaned by Historical Society of Penna.

        272 Original life mask by Houdon, taken October 6 ft 7, 1785.

        Note. — This mask was used for the famous statue of Wash- ington in Richmond, Va., which was not completed until 1778. Loaned by Historical Society of Penna.

        273 Letters from Oen. Washington to Oen. John Cadwalader,

        including one from Gen. Joseph Reed, written on the eve of

        and immediately after the battle of Trenton.

        I — Washington to Cadwalader, Trenton, Dec. 7, 1776, in refer- ence to the quartering of troops near Trenton.

        2 — Washington to Cadvvalader, Head Quarters, Falls of Dela- ware, Dec. II, 1776, in reference to the movements of the enemy at Dunks Ferry.

        3 — Washington to Cadwalader, Head Quarters, Trenton Falls, Dec. 12, 1776, relating to the departure of Gen. Cadwala- der's troops.

        327] 45

        V.

        I

        4— Washington to Cadwalader, Head Quarters, Dec 24, 1776, giving his instructions as to the operations of his brigade.

        5--oWashington to Cadwalader, Head Quarters, Dec. 35, 1776, advising a diversion to facilitate his attempts on Tren- ton.

        6— Washington to Cadwalader, McKenke/s Ferry, Doc. 25, 1776, "Notwithstanding the discouraging Accounts I have received from Col. Reed, of what might be expected from the Operations below, I am determined as the night is favourable to cross the River and make the Attack upon Trenton in the morning. If you can do nothing real, at least create as great a diversion as possible."

        7— Washington to Cadwalader, Head Qrs. Newtown. Dec. 27, 1776, regretting that Gen. Cadwalader was unable to cross the Delaware River and assist him in his attack on Trenton.

        8— Reed, Washington's Adjutant, to Cadwalader^ dated Jan. I '^THt in reference to a contemplated second engage- ment at Trenton.

        g— Washington to Cadwalader, Morris Town, Jan. 23, 1777, authorizing him to return his brigade to Philadelphia. Also a complimentary address from Washington to Cad- walader's brigade praising them for their services in the campaign for 1776-1777.

        Loanad by Bro. Charles E. Cadwalader.

        274 Letter signed by Oen. Washington to Oen. John Cadwala-

        der, dated Wilmington. August 28, 1777, asking him to or- ganize and take command of the Militia of the Eastern Shore of Maryland, to oppose Howe's advance on Philadelphia.

        Loaned by Bro. Charles E. Cadwalader.

        275 Autograph letter signed by Oen. George Washington to

        Gen. John Cadwalader, dated Head Quarters, Tappan, Oct 5, 1789, a confidential letter in reference to the distress of the army and referring to the traitorous conduct of Benedict Arnold.

        Loaned by Bro. Charles E. Cadwalader.

        276 Autograph letter of Oen. John Cadwalader beincf a oox»y of

        his letter to Gen. Washington, dated June 5, 1781, in reference to the deplorable condition of the army and wishing that Washington might take command in person of the army in the Southern States, which he considered Great Britain had determined to conquer even though she lost the rest of the Colonies. Loaned by Bro. Charles B. Cadwalader.

        Note.— G^fi. John Cadwalader mentioned m the above letters was the son of Bro. Thomas Cadwalader, one of the members of the original St, John's Lodge of Philada,; the Arst Lodge

        46 [328

        >

        in America of which there are any records. In 1758 he was elected Senior Grand Warden, (Vide Pennsylvania Ga- sette, July 6, 1738.)

        877 Portrait in oil, of Washington, by Gharloa Wilson Peale,

        full bust in uniform, with cocked hat, head to left, life size.

        ^(mL-— Painted from life at Valley Forge in 1778 and pre- sented to the Chester County Cabinet by John Neagle in 1841. Now the property of the State Normal School, West Chester, Pa.

        Loaned by the State Normal 8chool| West Ohester, Pa.

        878 Autograph letter signed by Gen. George Washington, dated

        West Point, July 30, 1779 to Brigr Genl Wayne, with franked address, asking "whether another attempt upon Stony point,

        by the way of surprise, is eligible." Loaned by the State Normal School, West COiester, Pa.

        279 Large bronze medal vith bust of Washington, in oommem- oration of the 17th. March, 1776. Dies made by Du Vivier, Paris, for the United States government

        Loaned by B. W. Bro. George W. Xendrick, Jr.

        ,980 Lafayette silver dollar with busts of Washington and La- fayette. Made at the U. S. Mint in commemoration of the statue of Lafayette erected in Paris, 1900.

        Loaned by S. W. Bro. George W. Xendrick, Jr.

        iaSl Ahiman Beson. Constitution of the Grand Lodge of Penn- sylvania, F. & A. M. Comp. by William Smith, Grand Sec- retary. Philadelphia. Hall & Sellers. 1783. This book was dedicated "To his Excellency George Washington." Loaned by Committee on Library, Grand Lodge of Penna.

        282 Photographs of a copy of the Ahiman Beson presented to

        Washington by the Grand Lodge of Penna. F. & A. M. in 1782 and is now in the Library of Brown University, Provi- dence, R. I. Loaned by Committee on Library, Grand Lodge of Penna.

        283 Broadside. Programme of the Centennial Anniversary of

        the initiation of George Washington at Hibemia Hall, Charles- ton, 4th November, A. L. 5852, by the Grand Lodge of A. F. M. of South Carolina. Loaned by Committee on Library, Grand Lodg^ of Penna.

        284 Xasonic apron, worn at the funeral procession in Phila-

        delphia, February 22, 1800, in commemoration of the death of Bro. Geo. Washington. Loaned by Committee on Library, Grand Lodg^ of Penna.

        329] 47

        V

        >

        285 Masonic apron, handsomely decorated, bordered with black

        silk, worn at the funeral procession in Philadelphia, February 22, 1800. in commemoration of the death of Bro. Geo. Wash- ington. Loaned by Committee on Library, Orand Lodge of Penna.

        286 Masonic apron, handsomely and elaborately embroidered

        with Masonic symbols by Marquise de Lafayette, and pre- sentea to Bro. Washington by Bro. Lafayette in 1784. Loaned by Committee on Library, Orand Lodge of Penna.

        287 Autograph letter, signed by George Washington, addressed

        to "Fellow-citizens and Brothers of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania" in reply to an address sent him by the Grand Lodge of Penna. December, 1796. Loaned by Committee on Library, Orand Lodge of Penna.

        288 Frame containing photographs of ''Block of Pennsylvania

        white marble, donated A. L. 5851, by the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania to the Washington National Monument, at Washington, D. C" Loaned by Committee on Library, Orand Lodge of Penna.

        289 Autograph letter signed by Oeorge Washington to Messrs.

        Watson & G>ssoul, dated New York, -August 19th. 1782, thank- ing them for "The Masonick Ornaments" which they had sent to him. In the same frame is a portrait of Washington in profile. In the lower corner of the frame is a small lock of Washington's hair. Loaned by Committee on Antiquities, Orand Lodge of Hew York.

        290 Portrait in oil of Washington, full length standing, with

        scroll in left hand, right arm extended pointing to a book on a table, to the left an arm chair ornamented with an eagle, Amer- ican shield and colors, background of drapery and pillars. Painted by W. Clarke, Philadelphia, 1796. Note. — The portrait resembles the Birch type and was un- doubtedly painted from life. IV holly unkno^vn to collec- tors of IVashington portraits and adds another to the list of Portraits newly discovered.

        Loaned by Bro. Korris S. Barratt.

        291 Carrara marble bust of Washington by Houdon. Life size,

        in uniform. One of the few sculptured by the artist himself.

        Loaned by Dr. J. Soils Cohen.

        292 Mahogany ball and claw foot arm chair, owned by Wash-

        ington. Presented to John Struthers by Lawrence Lewis, one of the executors of Washington.

        Loaned by Mr, Joseph Cartledge.

        48 [330

        808 Two mahogany ball and claw foot chair*, owned by Wash- ington.

        Loaned by Bro. Edward S. Wyckoff.

        804 Xahogany side table, with fluted legs and brass ornamen-

        tation, from the dining-room of the President's house in Philadelphia.

        Note.— r^ii and the next number were formerly the property of Bro, Francis M, Brooke, who bequeathed them to his daughter, the present owner.

        Loaned by Mrs. Isaac X. Longhead.

        805 Work-box owned by Mrs. Martha Washington.

        Loaned by Mrs. Isaac M. Longhead.

        806 Photograph of Washington from an oil painting of Washing-

        ton by R. Gordon Hardie and presented to United Grand Lodge of England by Bro. Henry S. Wellcome, 1902. Loaned by B. W. Orand Master Bro. Edgar A. Tennis.

        807 Silk badge with a full length portrait of Washington.

        IVorn at the centennial celebration of Washington's birth-day, 1832, in Philadelphia.

        Loaned by Bro. O. EUwood Wagner.

        808 Silk badge with a full bust portrait of Washington. Worn

        at the centennial celebration of Washington's birth-day, 1832, m Philadelphia.

        Loaned by Bro. Charles F. Wtgnall.

        SiOO Silk badge with portraits of Washington and Lafayette.

        Worn during the visit of Lafayette to Philadelphia, 1824.

        Loaned by Bro. Charles T. Wignall.

        800 Hotiee of meeting issued to Bro. Geo. Washington by

        Lodge Na 39 A. Y. M., of Alexandria, Va., dated August 25, 1786.

        Note. — This is the oldest known Masonic notice from an American Lodge.

        Loaned by Bro. Julius 7. Sachse.

        801 Beautiful miniature in oil, on ivory of Washington. Full

        bust in uniform, head to left Painted hy William Grimaldi.

        Note. — This miniature was evidently painted during Washing- ton's life; it is of exquisite workmanship and adds another to the list of newly discovered portraits of Washington.

        Loaned by Hon. Craig Biddle.

        331] 49

        Hiunb«n 302 to 324 are loaned by Xr. Albert Boeenthal.

        The following portraits of Washington are engraved bj Max Rosf nthal :

        302 Etching, colored, after the original by C. W. Peale, 1770,

        owned by Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

        303 Etching, after the original by Verely, 1780, owned in

        Vienna.

        304 MesBotinto, colored, after the original by C. W. Peale,

        owned by State Normal School, West Giester, Penna.

        305 Messotinto, colored, after the original by John Sharpless.

        306 Meazotinto, after St. Memin's engraving.

        307 Meaaotinto, after St. Memin's drawing in Carson collection.

        308 Etching, colored, after the original by C. W. Peale, owned

        by Mrs. Jos. Harrison.

        The following portraits of Washington were etched by Al- bert Rosenthal:

        300 Colored, after C. W. Peale, owned by Long Island Htstorical

        Society.

        310 Colored, after C. W. Peale, owned by Penna. Historical

        Society.

        311 Colored, after C. W. Peale, in State House, Annapolis, Md.

        312 Colored, after C. W. Peale, owned by Princeton CoUefipe.

        313 Colored, after C. W. Peale, owned by Mr. Charles H. Hart.

        314 Colored, after James Wright, owned by the Powel Family,

        Newport, R. I.

        315 Colored, after Trumbull, owned by National Museum, Wash-

        ington. D. C

        316 Colored, after Eobert Field, owned by Mr. Moreau, H. T.

        317 Colored, after Tobin Bamague, owned by Mr. Statler, Balti-

        more, Md

        318 Colored, after Tobin Bamague, owned by Mrs. Moses Beach,

        Poughkeepsie, N. Y.

        50 [332

        319 After St. Memin, owned by Xr. Brevort, N. Y.

        880 Drawing after St. Xemin, f ac-sixnile of the original In Car-

        son collection.

        881 View of ICount Vernon, the seat of the late Oen'l Waahing-

        ton, drawn by W. Birch, engraved by S. Seymour, colored. Very rare engraving.

        388 View of the triumphal arch and colonnade, erected in Boa- ton, in honor of the President of the United States, October 24, 1789. From the ''Massachusetts Magazine."

        383 View of triumphal arch, and the manner of receiving Oen.

        Washington at Trentoa on his route to New York, April 21, 1789. From the ''Columbian Magazine.'*

        384 Braas baa-relief of Waahington.

        386 Pair of link aleeve-buttona, owned by Waahington and given by him to James Scott.

        Note. — James Scott had a shipyard on the Delaware, near League Island, and received the first contract from the United States for building ships. These buttons were given to him for services rendered to Washington. They were inherited by his daughter who recently died at the age of 88 years. She had them all her life.

        Loaned by Bro. William Cook.

        386 Horn ailver enufl box, owned by Waahington and given by

        him to James Scott.

        Loaned by Bro. William J. Milligan.

        387 Olaaa paper weight with ailver buet of Waahington in the

        center, from the Crystal Palace Exhibition, London, 1851.

        Loaned by Bro. Charlea B. Meyer.

        388 Bronze souvenir medal of Frederickabnrg Lodge Ko. 4, of

        Virginia.

        Loaned by Xias Orace Bodey.

        888 Braas Waahington medal, with Xasonie ssrmbols on the re- verse, 1797.

        Loaned by Xiss Oraoe Bodey.

        830 Collection of twenty-seven gold, silver and copper coins and medals struck in commemoration of Washington, from 1791 to 1861.

        Loaned by Bxo. Harrie B. Price.

        [333 51

        831 Bronze BMdal of WMbingtoiiy la eoauB«moxmtloii of bis r^ linquishing the Presidency.

        Loaaed by Bro. Andrew Smith.

        332 Beoormted Vrench china plate need hj Washington when he

        rented CoL Isaac Frank's house in Gennantown.

        Loaned hj Mrs. A. S. miehrown.

        833 Small gold pin, encircling a very small engraved portrait of Washington made about i8i3a

        Loaned by Xrs. H. T. Xelick.

        884 Cedar branch from wreath sent by the Sari of Londesborough and Constitutional Lodges No. 9^ of England, to be placed on Washington's tomb on the hundredth anniversary of hb death.

        Loaaed by Bro. Henry L. Tnmer.

        336 Series of nine letters from John Strnthers to Lsiwrence Lewis, one of Washington's executors, in reference to the sar- cophagus which he presented to the Washington family and in which the body of Washington now rests, from Feb. 7, 1837, to Oct. 25, 1838, also the original autograph of the inscrip- tion for the sarcophagus.

        Loaned by Hr. Joseph Cartledge.

        336 Photograph of engraving of Washington, which was pub- lished in "Sentimental and Masonic Magazine," Dublin, 1795, Engraver's name is unknown. Rare.

        Loaned by Bro. James X. Lamberton.

        837 French china dinner plate, cup and sancer, of the set of china ware which was presented to Martha Washington by the Officers of the French Navy. In the center is a circle contain- ing a monogram M. W. from which extend refulgent rays. Around the outer edge are fifteen links containing the names of the States, encircled with a snake.

        Loaned by B. W. Bro. George W. Kendrick^ Jr.

        338 Dresden China vase, handsomely decorated, from Mount Ver- non. Owned by Washington.

        Loaned by B. W. Bro. Oeorge W. Xendrick, Jr.

        52 [334

        839 ChliiMe medallion china punch bowl, owned by Washington.

        Loaned by S. W. Bro. George W. Xendrick, Jr.

        840 Gold enameled inaignia of the Society of the Ginelnnati,

        given to Col. Henry Shryock by Washington. Loaned by Bro. Thomas J. Shryock, M. W. Grand ICaster of Xary- land.

        841 Cheque on Bank of Alexandria, dated August 26, 1797,

        signed by Washington.

        Loaned by Bro. Henry X. Dechert

        842 Lantern used on Washington's Army Wagon at Valley

        Forge. Loaned by Bro. Josiah S. Pearce.

        848 Antique iron candlestick used by Washington at Valley Foige. Loaned by Bro. Josiah S. Pearce.

        844 Gold ring containing lock of Washington's hair.

        Loaned by Mrs. D. Davis.

        846 Brass button worn at seeond Inauguration of Washington in I7gi3. In centre "G. W." with "Long live the President" in circle near edge.

        Loaned by Bro. George P. Bupp.

        846 Silver lamp used by Washington when writing his de-

        spatches before the Battle of Trenton.

        Loaned by B. W. Bro. (George W. Xendrick, Jr.

        See No. 273.

        847 Plaque medallion with bust of Washington. Made in com-

        memoration of the Centennial anniversary of Washington's Initiation into Freemasonry in 1852.

        Loaned by Bro. John Cartledge.

        848 Colored lithograph of Washington acting as W. X. of a

        Lodge. Loaned by Bro. Leopold A. Baff.

        849 Collection of 5283 gold, silver, bronze, copper and iron medals

        and coins struck in commemoration of Washington.

        Loaned by United States Hint, Philadelphia.

        850 Process print of Washington in Xasonic dress, from a por-

        trait painted from life by Williams for Alexandria- Washington Lodge, No. 22 in 1794.

        Loaned by Bro. William B. Hanna.

        335] 53

        351 White silk souvenir apron, with portrait of Waahlnffton

        after Stuart and W. IL's hat. Circa i8oa Loaned by Committee on Library, Grand Lodge of Fenna.

        S52 Oold medal with full buat of Washington and legend •*Gcorgc Washington," on reverse "Time increases his fame" surrounded by a wreath.

        Loaned by Bro. Bdward O'Velll.

        353 Small braM medal with full bust of Washington in uniform

        and legend "Gen. George Washington." on reverse Masonic emblems on an open Bible surmounted with an eye shedding refulgent rays.

        Loaned by Bro. Carl A. Sundstrom.

        354 Fac-simile of manuscript prayer book written by Washing-

        ton. Loaned by Bro. J. Henry Williams.

        355 Large bronze medal with full bust of Washington, head to

        right surrounded by ''General Washington. Inscribed to his memory by D. Eccleston. Lancaster. MDCCCV." ; on reverse a full length figure of an Indian with bow, surrounded by "The land was ours" and "He laid the foundation of American Liberfy in the XVIII Century. Innumerable millions yet un- born will venerate the memory of the man who obtained their country's freedom."

        Loaned by Bro. Howard S. Campbell.

        356 Qold breastpin containing a small stipple St. Memin's por-

        trait of Washington.

        Note. — This has been in the family of the present aivner fof over ninety years. Loaned by Miss X. Millmsn.

        357 Oil portrait of Washington, copy of Stuart's '^Lansdowne

        Portrait," very finely executed.

        Loaned by Bro. Henry C. Bruner.

        358 Memorial, containing a summary View of FACTS, with their

        authorities, in answer to the Observations sent by the Eng- lish Ministry to the Courts of Europe. Translated from the French. Philadelphia. Printed by James Chattin, 1757. Note. — This contains Washington's foumal during the French and Indian War, 1754-1755.

        Loaned by Bro. Samuel W. Pennypacker.

        359 American selections of Lessons in Beading and Speaking,

        by Noah Webster. Third Edition. Philadelphia. Printed and sold by Young and M'Culloch, at the Comer of Second and Christian streets. 1787.

        54 [336

        NoTO.— rWj has the rare engraved portrait of Washington

        after Peale, colored. For description of this portrait see No. 16.

        lioaned by Bro. Samuel W. Pexmypacker.

        860 Advice to a Son, directing him how to demean himself in

        the Most Important Passages of Life. Fourth Edition. Lon- don. 1 716.

        Note. — This hook was owned by John Custis, Daniel Parke Custts, Martha Washington, George Washington, Lawrence Lewis and //. L. D. Lewis, It has an autograph of John Custis and the following : — "Memorandum, On Wednesday the Twenty seventh of June Seventeen hundred Thirty & Nine at Night hetxvecn the hours of Eight & Nine, my sister Fanny Parke Custis was by the Reverend Mr, David Mot- som Married to Mr. William Winch Shee was given by her Father, and no other Person by but Daniel Parke Custis," Loaned by Bro. Samuel W. Fennypacker.

        861 Ala mane and diaxy of Washington, dated 1767.

        Note. — This volume is filled with autograph remarks and memoranda made by Washington in 1767 and once belonged to the late Judge Bushrod Washington, his nephetv and executor.

        Loaned by Bro. Samuel W. Pennypacker.

        862 Religion and Fatroitism the Constituents of a good Soldier.

        A Sermon preached to Captain Overton's Independent Com- pany of Volunteers, raised in Hanover County, Virginia, Aug- ust 17, 1755, by Samuel Davies, A. M. Minister of the Gospel there Philadelphia. Printed: London, Reprinted for J. Buckland, 1756.

        Note. — This volume has this note on page 12. "As a remark- able Instance of this, I may point out to the Public that heroic Youth Col, Washington, whom I cannot but hope Providence has hitherto preserved in so singular a Manner for some important Service for his Country," A remarkable prophecy.

        Loaned by Bro. Samuel W. Pennypacker.

        863 Bound volume of contemporary pamphlets, formerly owned

        by Wa.^hington, with his autograph and bookplate.

        Note. — This volume contains the only known copy of "A T*rayer, Composed for the Benefit of the Soldiery in the American Army, to assist them in their private Devotions; and recommended to their particular Use, bv Ahiel Leonard,

        337] 55

        Arwty. CmwUfridge.

        mmd other fmmfkUts,

        wmi&trmfk pretenl

        the evHest pubhsked pmm^kUU ni refi

        lishment of the seat of ike IL S.

        •md one fompkUt memitoms for ike tfrjf tiame m primi WmMk-

        imgtom Of the "F other of

        Aiff das f779rte Jahr

        ftnden bey Francis Bailey in dcr Konigs

        NonL — TAu Aof o wood engraved cover with por t e oU of Wmsh-

        ington with m tigmre of Fame blowping m tmmphei from whack

        iisnes "Des Landes Voier," the £rst time this expression

        ** Father of his Country was printed in Gi

        Idmntdi \tj Btd. Ifciinnel W.

        365 **Thm Present State of oi%st Conntrj/* A enlored

        caricature of the political sitnatioa about i8u bgr William Charles, the "American Cruikshank,** who liired in Philad^tliia. In the upper right hand comer is a portrait of Washington surrounded by clouds with the legend 'I left jou with a predons Casket of Choicest Blessings Supported by three Pillars — ^De- sist my sons from pulling at them — Should you remoire one yon destroy the whole." In the center is a casket with ''Peace and Plenty" and Liberty and Independence" supported by three pillars with the names "Federalism," Republicanism" and "Democracy* and two men trying to pull them down etc

        Loaned by Bro. Samuel W. Ptomypeelcer.

        8M Bnuw button worn at eeoond inauguration of Washington

        »n 1793.

        Loaned by Bro. Samuel W. Pennjpaeker.

        807 Impression from the original plate of ''The President of the

        United States and Mrs. Washington request the Pleasure of

        Company to Dine, on next, at o'clock.

        178 An early answered is requested."

        Loaned by Bro. Samnel W. Pennjpaeker.

        808 Bine ohina plate made at Trenton for Orand Lodge of Penn-

        sylvania, as a souvenir of the Sesqui-centennial anniversary of Washington's Initiation into Freemasonry. The border is an exact reproduction of that used on the china presented to Wash- ington by the French officers who served in the War of the

        56 [338

        Revolution, in the cc;nter is a copy of his bookplate surrounded by "Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. A. L. 5753. A. L. 5902. Sesqui-centennial of Washington's Initiation as a Freemason." Loaned by Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania.

        SeO Bronse medal with full bust of Washington after Stuart, head to left, surrounded by "Scsqui-centennial ot Washington's Initiation as a Freemason." "E. A. Nov. 4, 5752. F. C. Mar. 3» 5753. M. M. Aug. 4, 5753-" J on reverse a reproduction of the seal of the Grand Lodge of Penna.

        Loaned by Grand Lodge of Pennsylrania.

        370 Sardonyx intaglio bust of Washington of exquisite work- manship, made for John Augustine Washington, who inherited Mount Vernon.

        Loand by Hon. Charles V. King.

        871 Autograph receipt signed by Washington, dated Mount

        Vernon, June 17, 1797.

        Loaned by Mr. William H. Folwell, Jr.

        378 Large mahogany chair, on top of back is a gilded Sun with refulgent rays surmounted with a Liberty Cap on a pole.

        Note. — This chair was purchased by the State Assembly in ^735i ^^^ zww used by the Speakers of the House until 1775 ; jrom that period until 1783 by the Presidents of the Con- tinental Congress. Peyton Randolph, of Virginia, was Presi- dent when IVashington was made Commander-in-Chief of the American Army in 1775 ; John Randolph was President at the signing of the Declaration of Independence; and Wash- ington was President of the Constitutional Convention when the Constitution was signed in 1787. The chatr was taken to Harrisburg about 1800, and was returned, at the close of the Civil War, to Independence Hall by Hon. Andrew G. Cur- tin, who was then Governor, and since that nme it has re- mained in the Hall. Loaned by Joint Besolution of Select and Common Councils of

        Philadelphia.

        373 PUBLIC EXPRESSION of GBIEP for the DEATH of GEN ERAL GEORGE WASHINGTON AT DORCHESTER- Bound volume containing "Proceedings of the town of Dor- chester relative to 22d. of February, 1800." Eulogy by Oliver Everett, and Oration by Thaddeus Mason Harris.

        Loaned by Bro. A. Winthrop Pope.

        339] 57

        Vo0. 874 to 888 ar« from tho Zdlnmry of the Onuid Lodg* of

        874 Xaaonie diseonroe spoken at Greenfleld, Kees. before Be-

        publican Lodgt, Jan. i, i8oo^ by £. L. Bascora. Greenfield. iSca

        875 Eulogy on the life, character and eervloee of Bro. Oeorge

        Washington bj T. Bigelow. Boston. i8oa

        376 IKasonie eulogy on the life of the niuatrlona Bro. Oeorge Washington, pronounced before the brethren of St John's Ijodge on the evening of the 4th of Feb. 1800 by Geoige Blake: Boston. 1800.

        a77 8ame-2d edition. Boston. A. L. 5800.

        378 Funeral oration on Bro. George Washington, Jan. 1st. 1800

        before the French Lx>dge FAmenit^, by Simon Chandron, tr. by S. F. Bradford. Philadelphia. 1800.

        370 Same-PhUadelphia 1811.

        380 Bulogies and orations on the life and death of Gen. George Washington. Boston. i8oa

        881 Fraternal tribute of respect paid to the ICasenlc character

        of Washington in the Union Lodge* Dorchester, Jan. 7, A. L. 5800 by T. M. Harris. Charlestown, i8oa

        882 Lettres ecrites a la lege PAmenite, No. 78 a la Poccaslon de

        rorasion funebre du F. : George Washington. Philadelphia. 1801.

        383 Oration commemorative of the virtues and greatness of Gen.

        Washington; pronounced in the German Lutheran ChurcK Philada. on the twenty-second of February, eighteen hundred, by S. Magaw. Philada. i8oa

        384 Same— Bepublished at the request of the Grand Lodge ef

        Connecticut. Newfield. 1800.

        58 [340

        S85 Eulogy on Gton. Gtoorge Washington pronounced in the Friendship Lodge, No. g, in the presence of the Grand Lx>dge of South Carolina. Feb. 22, 1800 by Seth Paine. Charleston. t8oo.

        886 Bulogy on the life of Oen. Washington, delivered at Dan-

        ville, before Harmony Lodge, 26th day of February, 1800. Peacham. 1800.

        887 Constitutions of the ancient and honourable ftatemity of

        free and accepted Masons*** Worcester. 1792.

        NoTK. — The dedication reads "In Testimony of his exalted merit and of Our inalienable Regard, This work is inscribed and Dedicated To our Illustrious BROTHER George Wash- ington — the friend of Masonry, of his Country, and of Man,"

        388 New Ahiman Beaon. Containing the laws and constitutions of the Grand Lodge of Virgima***by John K. Read. Rich- mond. 1 79 1.

        Note. — The dedication reads "Tc George IVashtngton, Esq. F resident of the United States of America, The following work is most respectfully dedicated by hi^ obedient servant the Editor,"

        889 "Commemoration of Washington" painted on glass in Can- ton, China, by a Chinese artist in 1824 for J. Hemphill, Esq. of Philadelphia, who was a nephew by marriage of Bro. Stephen Girard.

        For full description of the portrait see No. 127, which it is a copy of.

        Loaned by Bro. Henry A. Ingram.

        390 Certificate of membership of the Society of the Cineinnati issued to Robert Porter, dated Mount Vernon, October 21, 1785, signed by Washington.

        Loaned by Bro. Henry M. I>echert.

        Vlags were loaned by William H. Horstman Company.

        Exhibition cases were loaned by Bro. Frederick H. Starling.

        341] 59

        Xettere of 'Redret

        LETTERS OF REGRET

        Among the letters of regret received were the follow- ing:

        M. W. Grand Lodge» A. P. ft A. M. of

        British Columbia.

        Grand Master's OfSce.

        Kablo, B. C, Octr. 18th, 1902.

        Edgar A. Tenkis, Esq.,

        Grand Master of Masons, Pennsylvania.

        Dbab Sib & Most Wob. Bbo. —

        I am in receipt of your kind invitation to the Sesqni-oenten- nial Anniversary of our illustrious Brother Washington's initia- tion as a Freemason.

        It is with the greatest regret that I have to announce to you my inability to be present

        But I extend to you on behalf of the Grand Lodge of British Columbia the cordial wish that the function will be both interest- ing and successful, and I assure you, although we are citizens of another country, that equally with you we revere the name and memory of the man and brother to whom you do honor.

        Faithfully & fraternally yours,

        [seal] E. E. GHIPMAN,

        Grand Master.

        Thb Rbctory,

        Ebquimault, B. C, Oct : 13, 1902.

        Most Wobshipful Gband Mastbb.

        I much regret that I cannot accept your kind invitation to be present with you on Nov: 5th, 1902. However, I can assure you of our cordial good will, ft our desire that the proposed function may tend to the glory of Masonry, ft the increased good-fellowship of all members of our ancient ft honourable Fra- ternity. We recognize with esteem the distinguished brother whose memory you are about to commemorate, ft rejoice that

        843

        Ma0bin0ton Se0Quii

        one 80 remarkable for Masonic Virtues should have been a Brother of the Order.

        I am. Sir,

        Yours Terj faithfully,

        C. ENSOB SHABP,

        D. G. M.

        British Columbia.

        Grand Lodge A. P. and A. M. of Canada. In the Province of Ontario.

        Office of the Grand Master.

        Lindsay, Out. Oct. 20th, 1902.

        Edoab a. Tbitkib, Esq.,

        . B. W. Grand Master of Penna.

        Masonic Temple, Philadelphia.

        Dbab Sib ft B. W. Bro.

        I regret that mj official duties will preyent my attendance at the celebration of the sesqui-centennial anniyersary of the initiation of Washington into our order. I should haye enjoyed meeting so many eminent Masons as will assemble on the occa- sion and to haye listened to the addresses of the many distin- guished and eminent members of the Graft who will take part in the ceremonies of the day. Gonyey my regret to your Grand Lodge and my hope that at some future time I may be priyileged to meet them. I remain sincerely and fraternally yours.

        JOHN E. HABDING,

        Grand Master G. L. G.

        Grand Lodge A. P. and A. M. of Canada, In the Province of Ontario.

        Office of the Deputy Grand Master.

        ToBOMTO, Om., 9th October, 1902.

        Edoab A. Tennis, Esq.,

        R W. Grand Master, Grand Lodge of Pennsylyania.

        Dbab Sib ft B. W. Bbo.

        Please accept my thanks for your kind inyitation to be pres- ent on the fifth of Noyember, and my regrets at my inability

        344

        Xettera of 'Regret

        to be with you on the occasion of the Anniversary of the Initia« tion of our Illustrious Brother George Washington.

        The memory of our departed Brother is reyered by us, as it is by those of your Country, and his photograph adorns the walls of my mother Lodge.

        It would haye given me great pleasure to have been able to accept your kind invitation, but for the fact that I am to visit oflSdally a Lodge in my own jurisdiction on the same night.

        With the most fraternal greeting to yourself, and the Breth- ren of Pennsylvania, I am my dear Sir and B. W. Brother,

        Yours courteously & fraternally,

        BENJAMIN ALLEN,

        I Deputy Grand Master,

        I Grand Lodge of Canada.

        38 Molinda Si.

        The M. W. Grand Lodge of Colorado,

        A. Fm S A. SS*

        Grand Master's Office. Glsnwood Sfbinos, Colo. October 20lh, 19Q2.

        Edoab a. Tbnkis,

        Bight Worshipful Grand Master F. & A. M. Philadelphia, Penna.

        BiQHT Worshipful Bbotheb

        Your fraternal invitation to take part in the celebration of the Sesqui-centennial Anniversary of the Initiation of Brother George Washington into our Fraternity has been received by me, and I sincerely regret that other engagements make it im- possible for me to accept. I know that you will have a most profitable and enjoyable occasion, and I send you my fraternal greeting and earnest prayer for your personal health and pros- perity as well as all the Brethren of the Craft throughout your Grand Jurisdiction; a Jurisdiction that has had some of the noblest and grandest characters of our American history at its head.

        You may be interested to know that the Grand old State of

        345

        Masbington Se0auii

        Pennsylyania has furnished three of her sons who have served the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of Colorado as Grand Master, myself included* I had the honor to reoeive the first three degrees in Masonry in Lodge of the Graft No. 433, F. & A. M. at New Castle, Penn^a and am proud to have the personal friend- ship of Bt. Worshipful Bro. Mathias H. Henderson, P. G. M. of Penn'a and now the oldest living past master of my mother Lodge.

        While Pennsylvania is the Keystone State, Colorado is the Capstone; we have the crest of the continent here, and may we always be in the future as in the past with Pennsylvania, strict in preserving the ancient landmarks of the Graft.

        Sincerely and Fraternally,

        [sbal] MABSHALL H. dean.

        Grand Master.

        The M. W. Grand Lodge of Colorado,

        A. p* ft A. llA.

        Grand Secretary's Office.

        Dbnvsr, Colo. OcL 20, 1902.

        Edgab a. Teknib, Esq.,

        Grand Master Grand Lodge of Pemisylvania,

        F. & A. M.,

        Philadelphia, Pa.

        Most Wobshipful Sib and Bboxhbb:

        Your invitation to attend the sesqui-centennial anniversary of the initiation of Brother George Washington duly received, but I regret that it will be impossible for me to attend.

        I especially regret my inability to be with you by reason of the fact that I am a Pennsylvanian myself, was the Grand Bepre* sentative of your Grand Lodge near the Grand Lodge of Colo- rado as long as you had a Grand Bepresentative, and also be- cause I was one of the original Committee of three in Colorado who inaugurated the Washington Memorial exercises at Mt. Vernon in 1899.

        346

        lettere of 'Redret

        Again ezpreBsing my regiet at my inability to be with yo and thanking yon for your kind invitation, I remain,

        Fraternally yonrs,

        WM. D. TODD. Grand Secretary.

        Cabinete del Grand Maestro.

        CiENFUBGoe, Cuba, Oct. 26th, 1902.

        Bbo. Edgar A. Tbnnib,

        Bight Worshipful Grand Master of Fennsylyania, U. S. A.

        Bight Worshipful Broxhbr : —

        I have had the pleasure of receiving the fraternal invitation that yon have so kindly sent to me in the name of the B. W. G. L. of Pennsylvania, to attend the Sesqni-Oentennial anni- versary of the initiation of the Illiistrions Brother George Wash- ington, the founder of the noble American nation to which my country is so firmly bound by the strong ties of friendship and gratitude, having a masonic fraternity whose practices we fol- low as our rule and guide, as we consider it to be the best and most perfect example of the nniversal fraternity.

        I would consider it a great pleasure and a high honor to attend those solemn and imposing masonic ceremonies, bnt unfortn- nately I am unable to be present. I beg to request, however, that yon will please express to the B. W. G. L. of Pennsylvania my sincere thanks for its kind invitation, and to the Brethren present my fraternal greetings and best wishes for their pros- perity.

        Very fraternally yours,

        J. P. PELLON,

        Grand Master of Cuba.

        847

        iniaabinoton Scsaui^entennial Bnniverear!?

        Uppat, Bboba,

        SirrHSBLAKD,

        N. B.

        Lord Amherst r^rets that his engagements make it quite impossible for him to avail himself of the inyitation of the Orand Lodge of Pennsylyania for Not. 6th.

        Octr. 19th.

        [Lord Amherst is the Most Worshipful Pro Orand Master of the United Orand Lodge of England.]

        United Grand Lodge of England.

        Orand Secretary's Office.

        Fbbkicason's Hall. Obbat Quxkn St., London, W.C. 21st October, 1902.

        Dbab Sib & M. W. Orand Master,

        I am desired by the Deputy Orand Master The Earl of War- wick^ to conyey to the Bight Worshipful Orand Lodge of Penn- sylvania His Lordship's thanks for the kind and fraternal inyitation to take part in the celebration of the Sesqni-centen- nial Anniyersary of the Initiation of Bro. Oeoige Washington into our Fraternity.

        His Lordship regrets that he is precluded by the distance from England from taking part in a celebration with which he most cordially sympathises.

        It may interest your Orand Lodge to learn, that within the past few weeks. Lord Warwick presided at an assembly of Free- masons, when his Excellency the American Ambassador formally unyeiled a most admirable full length portrait of Oeorge Wash- ington in Masonic regalia, painted by Mr. Bobert Oordon Hardie of Brattleborough, Vermont, and presented to this Orand Lodge by Bro. Henry S. Wellcome, an American citizen.

        The picture now occupies a prominent position in this build- ing, and will always be highly prized as the portrait of a Brother

        348

        Xettera of Iteoret

        who possessed to so eminent an extent, those qualities and yir* tnes which as Freemasons we are tanght to admire and respect.

        I am.

        Dear Sir & M. W. Orand Master,

        Yours faithfully ft fraternally.

        To E, LETCHWOBTH,

        M. W. Brother q. s.

        Edgar A. Tennis,

        Orand Master of the Grand

        Lodge of Pennsylyania.

        " DUNBGOBS,"

        TOBQUAT.

        Enolakd,

        16th. Oct. 1902.

        Edoab a. Tbnnis, Esq.,

        Grand Master of Pennsylyania

        B. W. Sir and Brother

        I am yery much obliged for an oflScial inyite to the Celebration of the Sesqui-centennial Anniyersary of the Initiation of Brother Oeorge Washington; and regret exceedingly my inability to attend, not only because of the great man (who was as good as he was great), to be commemorated as a Freemason, but because for yery many years, all that concerns the welfare of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylyania has been yery dear to me, as Honorary Life member of the '^ Franklin^' Lodge, No. 134, Philadelphia, and an old student of the Masonic History of the Keystone State.

        I haye done my best to discoyer the origin of the original ''Fredericksburg Lodge'' in which George Washington was Initiated, Passedj and Raised, but in common with other in- yestigators haye failed to do so. It seems to me likely that the Lodge was first of all started and worked by Brethren, who had come to reside in the neighborhood, from Scotland, and who had seen the '' Lighf ' prior to leaying the '' Old Country.''

        It is unfortunate that there is no register in the Books of the Grand Lodge of Scotland of the actual granting of the Warrant, neither is it to be found in the List of Charters in the yarious

        349

        Books of Confltitntions published by that Orand Lodge; so that the document apparently bears no official number.

        Had it been duly registered^ when issued and signed by the regular officials on the 21st July, 1758, the number of the Char- ter would probably have been 87 : thus following soon after '' St. Andrew's*' Boston and Blandford, Virginia (Nos. 81 ft 82) on the list of A.D. 1756 on the roll of the same Body.

        The Warrant was regularly granted, however, as the Minutes of the Grand Lodge testify of 14th August, 1758, and moreoyer the original document is still happily preserred by the Lodge. I hope that it will be lent for exhibition at the Celebration, with the priceless minutes of the great Patriot's reception into our beloYed Fraternity.

        One hundred and fifty years ago there was not that precise attention to details and r^;ularity that characterize the exist- ing Orand Lodges, and hence it was doubtless deemed quite correct for the brethren to so assemble as they did in Fredericks- burg, and make Masons. Besides which their application for a Charter meeting with such a response, proves that the Scottish authorities were satisfied with the status of the Petitioners.

        Our duty now is to hold on to the great distinguishing land- marks of the Brotherhood which made the Society so dear to the noble Washington with any and all who do not require their adherents to believe in Gk)d and practice the sacred duties of morality.

        Believe me,

        B. W. Sir and Brother,

        Yours Fraternally,

        WM. JAMES HUGHAN.

        Iowa Masonic Library.

        Cbdar Rapids, Oct 16th, 1902.

        Edgab a. Tbknis, Esq.,

        Philadelphia, Pa.

        Most Worshipful Sib akd Bro : —

        I have to thank you for invitation to attend the forthcoming Sesqui-centennial of the Initiation of George Washington into

        350

        Xetters of 1?e0ret

        the Masonic fraternity to be held in Philadelphia under the auspices of your Orand Lodge. The members of eyery other jurisdiction can envy Pennsylvania in its initiative thus per- petuating the Masonic memory of one whose virtues will ever stand as an answer to detractors of the order.

        I regret to say that it will be impossible for me to be present on that occasion^ though nothing would afford me greater pleas- ure. No one can doubt the success of the gathering and of its influence on Masonry not only in Pennsylvania but all over the country^ and you will permit me to hope it may be all that it is desired by those who are working so splendidly for its success.

        I am

        Yours fraternally^

        JOS. E. MOBCOMBE,

        Comm. on Correspondence.

        Office of Grand Secretary. Grand Lodge of Indian Territory.

        Ancient Free and Accepted Masons. Atoka, Ind. 1?eb.

        Oct. 14-1902.

        B. W. Edgar A. Tennis,

        Gr. Master.

        Deab Bbotheb:

        It would warm the cockles of the heart of your old Indian Terry Brother if he could accept your kind invitation and be present at the Sesqui Centennial Anniversary of the Initiation of Bro. George Washington into our fraternity. But I must stay at home and work.

        Beally I am so used to hard and constant work, dear Brother, that I could not live without it.

        May God bless you on the glad occasion, I pray.

        Sincerdy,

        J. S. MUBEOW.

        351

        iniaabington Scsaui^entennial Bnnivereari?

        Bro. Sir James Creed Meredith, the Deputy Qrand Master of the Freemasons of Ireland begs to tender to M. *. W. r. Bro. Edgar A. Tennis and through him to all the Brethren of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylyaniay warm thanks for the fraternal invitation which has been extended to him to attend the inter- esting function to be held on Not. 5. He greatly regrets that his duties in Ireland will prevent him from attending on the occasion and he b^ Bro. Tennis to be the medium of convey- ing the warmest fraternal greetings of the Grand Lodge of Ireland to the Grand Lodge of Peimsylvania.

        Clonxwin,

        Pbhbbokb Rd.

        Dublin. Octr. 27, 1902.

        Grand Lodge of Instruction.

        Freemasons' Hall^ Dublin.

        To the Bight Worshipful Grand

        Master of Masons, Pennsylvania.

        B. •. W. •. AND Deab Bbo. ••

        The invitation to attend at the cdebration of our illustrious Brother George Washington's admission to Freemasonry is a source of much pride and gratification to me, though the feeling is alloyed with deep regret at my inability to avail myself of the honour.

        The close relations between our respective Grand Lodges are evidenced by our striking conformity in Work, and our uncom- promising adherence to Ancient Forms. Nor is this rdationship of recent date. We cannot forget that Springett Penn, the favorite grandson of the great Wm. Penn, was one of the most prominent Freemasons in Ireland in 1726, and we would fain think the fact was not without bearing on the early Freemasonry of Pennsylvania. No Grand Lodge beyond the sea is more frequently mentioned, or more fraternally greeted in our G. L. Minutes than the Grd. Lodge of Pennsylvania during the closing

        862

        Xetters of IRcQvct

        decades of the eighteenth century^ winding up in 1800 with Besolntions of sympathy at the removal by death of the great and good man in whose initiation we all take pride. In our Ahiman Rezon of 1804^ the list of Lodges of Pennsylvania fol- lows the list of our own Lodges. And so down the stream of time, the ebbless flow of Freemasonry has ever served as a widening channel of good-will between the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania and the Orand Lodge of Ireland.

        Again thanking yon and the Grand Lodge over which you so worthily preside.

        Believe me your faithful Brother,

        W. J. CHETWODB CRAWLEY.

        20th Oct, 1902.

        Extracts from Minutes of the Grand Lodge of Ireland, 1800. Midsummer Communication, 5th. June, 1800.

        B. W. John Boardman, G. T., in the chair, attended by W. Bros. Fawcett and Handcock

        [as G. Wardens].

        '^Letter from G. L. of Pennsylvania, relating their conduct [proceedings] on account of the death of General George Wash- ington the late G. M. Order'd,

        That a committee be appointed to draw up an address of thanks to the said G. L. for their polite and friendly communi- cation; and, also, of condolence on the melancholy event.''

        ^(Committee appointed, B. W. the Grand Treasurer; W. Bro. A. Seton; W. Bro Galbraith.)''

        Aug. 7, 1800.

        B. W. Alex. Jaffray, D. G. M. in the chair.

        ^' Letter to G. L. of Pennsylvania in answer to theirs (6th.

        June) relative to their conduct on the death of their late Brother

        853

        imaabindton Sesqui^entennial Bnniveraan?

        and worthy G. M. Bro. Geo. Washington, which was unanimously approved of: Ordered That the same, together with the address of their G. M. on the melancholy event be recorded in this transaction Book."

        [Note. — ^The address of Brother Jonathan Bayard Smith, Bight Worshipful Grand Master and the letter from the Grand Lodge of Ireland will be found at pages 379 and 437 of the first volume of the Beprint of the Minutes of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania.]

        Alexandria, La., Oct. 9, 1902.

        M. W. Edgab a. Tbnnis,

        Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania.

        M. W. SiE ft Bro—

        The courteous invitation of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania to attend a sesqui-centennial celebration of the initiation of W. Bro. Geo. Washington is received. It is with a great deal of regret I find myself compelled to announce my inability to accept it.

        There are many reasons for believing that the occasion is one that woiild give me much pleasure to share, for I can add a number in addition to those that will naturally inhere in it. The Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania is to a large extent the mother of the Grand Lodge of Louisiana, ft of its old Grand Chapter. Four of the five Lodges that organized the Grand Lodge of Louisiana held warrants at the time from the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. The two chapters that organized the Grand Chapter both held warrants from the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania as attached to two of the aforesaid Lodges. Much of the sturdy spirit of State independence in Masonic govern- ment that for forty years characterized Capitular Masonry in Louisiana was no doubt due to the principles and instruction of the parent Grand Lodge.

        But personally also I should take great interest in attending

        354

        Xetters of IRcQvct

        thiB, or any^ convocatioii of the Grand Lodge of PennBylyania, for in your Industry Lodge, No. 131 I received my first in- struction in Symbolic Masonry, and I retain, and ever shall retain, a deep reveration for my own mother lodge and the Orand Lodge under which it held and continues to hold.

        Again expressing my great regret at my inability to accept your polite invitation, I remain,

        Very Sincerely & Fraternally yours,

        HERMAN C. DUNCAN,

        Qrand Chaplain & Chair, of Committee on Foreign Correspondence of the Orand Lodge of La.

        Grand Lodge of Mississippi, F.\ ft A.'. M.-.

        Office of Orand Secretary.

        y iCKBBUBO, October 28 /2/

        Edgab a. Tbnnis, Esq.,

        Orand Master of Masons in Pennsylvania. Philadelphia.

        Most Wobsbxpful Bbotheb:

        I have the pleasure of acknowledging the receipt of the invi- tation of the Orand Lodge of Pennsylvania to attend the Sesqui- centennial Anniversary of the Initiation of Washington and to most heartily thank you for the same. I assure you that noth- ing but distance prevents my acceptance of your politeness. It is only right and proper that the noblest and grandest Institu- tion existing in our beloved country should celebrate with fit- ting ceremonies the entrance into it of the noblest and grandest character which has appeared in all history.

        I have the honor to be. Most Worshipful Sir,

        Your Most Obedient Servant and Brother,

        FREDERICK SPEED,

        Grand Secretary.

        355

        iniaabington Scsaui^entennial Bnniverear^

        El Paso, Texas, Oct 24ih, 1902.

        Bbo. Edqab a. Tbnnis,

        Orand Master of Masons, Philadelphia, Pa.

        WoBSHiPFUL bib: —

        Absence from home has prevented an earlier acknowledge- ment of your kind invitation to be present at the Seeqm-cen- tennial Aniversary of Washington's Initiation as a Fre^oiason.

        I appreciate the compliment very much and I regret that I cannot make a contemplated trip to the East, nntil after this interesting occasion has passed.

        I am glad that the event will be celebrated by so conservative and dignified a jurisdiction as Pennsylvania, which knows how to do things as things should be done.

        I shall look forward with much interest to the account of the proceedings.

        Thanking you on behalf of the brethren of New Mexico, to

        whom I consider the compliment conveyed was intended, I

        remain.

        Fraternally yours.

        Chairman Comm. on Foreign Corr. [N. M.]

        W. H. SEAMON.

        Tmc Masonic Hall, 283 Gastlebbagh Stbbbt,

        Stdnbt, 13 Deo'r, 1002.

        Dear Sib ft Bt. Wob. Bbo :

        I am in receipt of your invitation to take part in the celebra- tion of the sesqui-centennial anniversary of the initiation of Bro. George Washington into our Fraternity.

        Since the vast distance which separates our respective coun- tries enabled me to receive your most welcome invitation only at the approximate time at which the ceremonial was being con- ducted, I was necessarily absent.

        But the spirit which prompted you to invite me to attend has been profoundly appreciated by me, and I take the earliest opportunity of acknowledging your courtesy and of assuring

        356

        Xetters of 1?e0ret

        you of my heartieflt fraternal wishes for the success of the func- tion so happily devised in memory of the Masonic birth of a man to whom the world owes so much in the sacred cause of human freedonu

        Just as ''Freedom shrieked when Kosciusko fell'' so it has had reason to rejoice that Bro. George Washington was bom to woman.

        But while freedom is a holy heritage to us of these latter days^ too frequently, also, has license unbridled been permitted to supervene; and in Masonic matters have often appeared radical innovations which, unchecked, would have completely transformed, and disastrously, the whole body of Masonry. It has therefore befittingly fallen to the lot of the grand and conservative membership of the Pennsylvanian brethren to worthily celebrate such an occurrence as that to which your invitation relates.

        I extend to you my warmest sentiments of fraternal esteem, & would express the sincere hope that your cdebration will be crowned with every success.

        Believe me to remain.

        Dear Sir & Bt Wor. Brother,

        Yours faithfully and fraternally,

        John B. Tbivbtt, Past. Dep. Grand Master, New South Wales [and Chairman, Com. on Foreign Correspondence] . Bbo. Edgab a. Tbnnis,

        Bt. Wor. Grand Master of Pennsylvania.

        Palmyra, N. Y., October 8, 1902.

        B; W; Edgar A. Tennis,

        Grand Master of Masons in the State of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. My dear Brother.

        The invitation of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylyania through you to be present and take part in its coming celebration of

        857

        iniaabington Scsaui^entennial Bnnivereari?

        the initiation of Brother George Washington into onr fraternity npon Noyember Sth, next, ia reoeived, and I hasten to aaanre you of my very sinoere appreciation of the honor snch an invi- tation confers.

        I sincerely r^et that engagements already made, and which it is impossible for me to postpone, render it impossible for me to be with yon.

        Snch celebrations mnst necessarily tend, not only to farther and cement the interest of the Brethren in the Craft, bnt to teach to men the lesson of patriotism, and in doing this, one of the most yalnable dnties of Free Masonry toward mankind is fostered and increased in efiSdency.

        Congratulating you and the Orand Jurisdiction of which you are the honored head, and again thanking you, I am.

        Fraternally and sincerely yours,

        S. K SAWYER.

        [B. W. Senior Orand Warden of the Orand Lodge of New York.]

        46 Wbbt 22d St., New Yobz, Oct 27th, 1902. To

        Edoab a. Tbnkis, Esq., Orand Master, Phil'a.

        Deab Sib and Bbotheb

        I regret I am not able to accept your kind and fraternal invi- tation to be present at the Sesqui-Centemiial Celebration of Washington's initiation into the Masonic Fraternity, to be held at Phil'a. on the 6th of November, prox.

        In doing honor to Oeorge Washington the Orand Lodge of Pennsylvania does honor to itself.

        Washington is the great man of all time.

        His august name and character stand framed against the . background of a mighty Bepublic whose marvelous prosperity and power is the wonder of the Nations, illustrating on the grande9t scale the world has ever seen man's capacity for self- government.

        358

        Xetters of IRcgxct

        Wiflhing your anmversary celebration eveiy suooeBB and with kind regards personally,

        I am truly and fraternally yonrs,

        CHABLES L. LAMBEBTON.

        Grand Lodge of North Dakota, A. Pm ot A* la.

        Grafton, N. Dak. Oct. 24, 1902.

        Mb. Edoab a. Teknib,

        M. W. Orand Master, Philadelphia, Pa.

        My dbab Sib & Bed : I am in receipt of the cordial and conr- teons invitation of the Orand Lodge of yonr State sent through yon. The Orand Lodge of North Dakota through me extends its fraternal greetings and regrets that its Orand Master will be unable to accept your generous hospitality on the occasion of the Sesqui-centennial Anniversary of Initiation of Bro. Oeo. Washington; however the thanks of the Orand Lodge are hereby extended for the courtesy and personally I trust that the fraternal goodwill which has always existed between our Orand Bodies may long continue. The occasion is one which I should very much desire to participate in and were it just a little later, distance would not prevent me from being in attendance on this very auspicious occasion.

        With best wishes for a happy reunion and many thanks for your thoughtful courtesy,

        I am, Sir,

        Fraternally and Courteously Yours,

        [seal] WALTEE L. STOCKWELL,

        Orand Master, N. D.

        350

        iniaabinoton Scsaui^entennial Bnniverean^

        DSAR Sl£ AND M. W. BbOTHXB.

        I wish to thank you veiy much for your kind invitation to be present at the Sesqui-Centennial Amuversary of the Initia- tion of Bro. George Washington into Freemasoniy.

        I have delayed my reply in the hope that I might be able to attend but I now find I shall be unable to do so.

        Kindly allow me to offer my humble tribute of respect and esteem for the man whose memory you meet to honor.

        '' First in Peaoe^ first in War, and first in the hearts of his

        Country"'

        Yours fraternally,

        LuTHSH B. Archebald,

        Orand Master, A. F. ft A. IL

        Nova Scotia. Edgab a. Tbnnis,

        M. W. Grand Master, Pennsylvania.

        Office of

        Grand Secretary, F. A. M. of Ohio.

        Cincinnati, 0., Nov. 4, 1902.

        J. M. Lamberton, Esq., Masonic Temple,

        Philadelphia, Pa.

        My dbab Sib & Bbotheb: —

        At the last moment, and very much to my regret, I find thai I shall be unable to be present at your celebration to-morrow. I had been looking forward with pleasant anticipations towards being with you, meeting the distinguished brethren who will honor the occasion with their presence and showing respect to the Venerable Orand Lodge of Pennsylvania.

        This will probably not be received imtil after the exerdses are over or I should express the desire that you present my greetings to the distinguished assemblage present and particu- larly to your own Grand Lodge Officers, with the most earnest wish for the prosperity of the Craft wherever located.

        360

        Xetters of 1?e0ret

        I retnm the tickets herein in order that they may be properly accounted for.

        Yours fraternally^

        J. H. Bbokwell,

        Orand Secretary.

        The Grand Lodge of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons of Oregon.

        Baksb Citt, Obe»on, Oct. 25th, 1902.

        Hon. Edgab A. Tbnkis^ B. W. Orand Master of Masons, Philadelphia, Penn.

        B. W. Sib and Bbothbb: — ^Yonr kind inyitation to attend the Sesqni-oentennial celebration of the initiation of our Illus- trious Brother George Washington into our Fraternity has just reached me owing to an extended absence in visitations to Lodges of our Orand Jurisdiction. I regret my inability for the reason given to have made you an earlier response and I also regret that I fear that it will be impossible to attend this celebration of the Sesqui-centennial Anniversary of the Initia- tion of the Father of our country into the mysteries of our insti- tution not because it conferred upon our Ancient and Honorable Fraternity any honor but because it serves to remind us of the sterling qualities of that great character and is to us such strong evidence of their existence in him and the more strong impresses upon us the importance of giving heed to those things taught to us but because we by reason of this step taken by him not only can reverence him as the father of our great country but love respect and esteem him as a true man and brother. I will be in Washington City about Nov. 1st, but fear that I can not remain for your celebration but if possible will do so.

        Most fraternally yours,

        W. F. BUTCHEB,

        Orand Master. 361

        Maebinaton SesQuUccntennial Bnnit^sar!?

        COBNWALL GOTTAOKy IbBBVILLB, QuE.,

        October 13th, 19Q2.

        Edoab a. Tennis, Esq.,

        Bight WoTshipfal Orand Master of Pezmsylvania, Masonic Temple, Philadelphia^ Fa.

        BlOHT WOBSHIPFUL SiB & BbOTHBB

        Some days since I received yonr fraternal Invitation to be with yon on the occasion of the Sesqni-Centennial Anniversary of the Initiation of Brother George Washington into the Brother- hood of Freemasonry, and have dekyed answering nntil this moment, in the hope of seeing my way dear to accept, but I very much regret to state that I find it will be impossible.

        It would have given me great pleasure to join your Grand Lodge and invited guests in doing honour to the memory of so great ft good a Man and Brother, who was, I have no doubt, greatly aided in his noble career, by the invaluable lessons he received in our beloved order.

        With very best wishes for a successful and enjoyable gather-

        I am Fraternally Yours,

        JOHN B. TBESIDDEB, Deputy Grand Master of Quebec.

        Grand Lodge of Rhode Island, A. F. & A. M. Office of the Grand Master of Masons.

        Fbesmasomb Hall,

        Providence, R. I., October 20, 1902.

        Mr. Edoab A. Tennis,

        B.*. W.*. Grand Master of Masons, Pennsylvania.

        E.'. W.*. Sib and Bbothbb:

        Your kind invitation was duly received, to attend the Sesqui- centennial Anniversary of the Initiation of Brother George Washington into Freemasonry, to be held by the Bight Worship- ful Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania.

        362

        Xettere of "Regret

        I haye delayed my answer until the last moment, tmsting that I might be able to arrange to attend ; but I feel obliged, much to my r^et, to forego the pleasure, owing to business require- ments.

        It is a yery happy idea of the Grand Lodge of Fennsylyania to celebrate the occasion. Brother George Washington was a man of sterling qualities and exemplary yirtues, and was worthy of all the honors that were bestowed upon him in life, and of all kind expressions which generations can ascribe to his memory.

        Bhode Island Masons reyere the memory of Washington. It might be interesting in this connection to recall the Address of Eling Dayid's Lodge of Newport, presented to Washington when he yisited Newport on August 17, 1790, and Washington's reply to the same, both of which are to be found in the Centennial History of the Grand Lodge of Bhode Island, and a copy of which I enclose herewith.

        The eyents and customs of past generations haye a great charm for us. It is not strange that we like to study them, for we are made more noble and generous-minded by the records of notable men and times. I take pleasure in sending through you to the Bight Worshipful Grand Lodge of Fennsylyania the most cor- dial greetings and the heartiest best wishes of the Most Worship- ful Grand Lodge of Bhode Island on this happy celebration.

        Fraternally yours,

        WILLIAM HENBY SCOTT,

        Grand Master.

        Address.

        Newpobt, R. I., Aug. 17, 1790.

        To Gborob Wabhinoton,

        President of the United States of America.

        We, the Master, Wardens, and Brethren of King David's Lodge in Newport, Bhode Island, joyfully embrace this oppor- timity to greet you as a Brother and to hail you welcome to Bhode Island.

        We exult in the thought that as Masonry has always been

        363

        TKOadbinoton Sedqui-

        patronized by the wise, the good, and the great, bo hath it stood and eyer will stand as its fixtures and on the inunntable pillars of Faith, Hope and Charity.

        With nnspeakable pleasure we gratolate yon as filling the Presidential chair with the applause of a numerous and enlight- ened people, whilst at the same time we felicitate ourselves the honor done the Brotherhood by your many exemplary virtues and emanations of goodness proceeding from the heart worthy of possessing the Ancient mysteries bf our Craft, being per- suaded that the wisdom and grace with which Heaven has endowed you will ever square all your thoughts, words and actions, by the eternal laws of honor, equity and truth, as to promote the advancement of all good works, your happiness and that of all mankind.

        Permit us then Illustrious Brother cordially to salute you with three times three and to add our fervent supplications that the Sovereign Architect of the Universe may aways encompass you with his holy protection.

        J

        By Order,

        WlC. LiTTLBFIBLD, Sccf y.

        MoBBS Seixas, . ^ .^

        „ a c Committee.

        Henbt Shxbbubnb,

        President Washington's Reply.

        To the Master, Wardens and Brethren of King David's Lodge in Newport, E. I.

        Gentlemen : I received the welcome which you gave me to Bhode Island with pleasure, and I acknowledge my obligations for the flattering expressions of regard contained in your address with grateful sincerity, being persuaded that a just application of the principles on which the Masonic Fraternity is founded must be promotive of private virtue and public prosperity. I shall always be happy to advance the interest of the Society and to be considered by them as a deserving Brother.

        My best wishes. Gentlemen, are offered for your individual happiness.

        Gborqb Washinqton.

        364

        Xettere of 1?earet

        FRBEMAfiOMB' HaLL, EdIMBUBGH,

        October 17, 1902.

        Most Wobshipfttl Grand Sib and Bbothsr.

        I regret that my Parliamentaiy and other engagements in this Country make it absolutely impossible for me to have the honour and the pleasure of availing myself of the fraternal invitationy which you have been so good as to convey to me^ from the Bight Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Most Ancient and Honorable Fraternity of Free and Accepted Masons of Pennsylvania and Masonic Jurisdiction Thereunto Belonging, to take part in its celebration of the Sesqui-centennial Anni- versary of the Initiation of Brother George Washington into our Fraternity, on Wednesday, the 6th of November.

        I beg leave to take this opportunity to convey to you. Most Worshipful Grand Sir, and to the Grand Lodge, over which you preside, the most cordial fraternal greetings of the Grand Lodge of Scotland.

        Believe me to be, with heartiest good wishes.

        Yours very faithfully and fraternally,

        JAMES HOZIEB,

        Grand Master Mason The Most Worshipful of Scotland.

        Brother Edoab A. Tbnnis,

        Grand Master of Pennsylvania — &c., &c., &c.

        GOVEBNMSMT HOUSB, AdELAIDS|

        12th November, 1902.

        Deab Sib and M. W. Gband Mastbb,

        I have to acknowledge receipt of your Grand Lodge's fra- ternal invitation to attend the Sesqui-centennial Anniversary of the initiation of our illustrious Brother George Washington into the Masonic fraternity.

        If it had been possible for me to attend these Celebrations, I would gladly have accepted the invitation with which your

        365

        TKOadbinoton Seequi^entennial Hnniverean?

        Orand Lodge haye honoured me, but I only recdyed it on Mon- day last.

        The name of George Washington is as mnch rereienoed in Australia as it is in America^ and Australian Masons are equally proud with their American brethren that he belonged to our fraternity.

        I shall be glad to receive a report of the proceedings.

        Believe me,

        M. W. Grand Master,

        Yours faithfully and fraternally,

        S. J. WAY. [Most Worshipful Grand Master of South Australia.]

        The M. W. The Grand Master (Edgar Tennis, Esq.) of Pennsylvania,

        Masonic Temple,

        Philadelphia.

        SAz;r Lake Crnr, Utah, October 23, 1902.

        liB. Edoab a. Tennis,

        Grand Master, Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, F. & A. M. Philadelphia, Pa.

        E. W. Sm AND Bbo : —

        I am in receipt of your very kind invitation to attend the sesqui-centennial Anniversary of Brother Gteorge Washington's initiation as a Free Mason, and I regret very much to inform you that it wUl be impossible to avail myself thereof.

        On behalf of the Grand Lodge of Utah I extend to you, and through you to the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, a fraternal greeting.

        Thanking you for past favors, and with expressions of high esteem, I am.

        Faithfully and Cordially,

        WM. J. LYNCH,

        Grand Master.

        366

        Xettere of 'Reoret

        Grand Shcrstabt's Office, Frebuasonb' Hall,

        25 Collins Stbeet, mslboubnb, 11, 11, 1902. Brother Edgab A. Tbnnis^

        Most Worshipful Grand Master,

        Masonic Temple, Philadelphia.

        DsAB Sib & M. W. Bbothbb,

        I am directed to acknowledge with thanks the kind invita- tion to celebration of the '' Sesqui-centennial Anniyersary'' of the Initiation of Bro. George Washington.

        We, although at a distance from you, join our fraternal hands, in a Brotherhood sacred to every true Mason and rejoice with you in the celebration of an incident in the life of a true and noble man.

        Witl^ fraternal greetings.

        Yours truly & fraternally,

        JOHN BRAIM, G. Sec'ty. [TTnited Grand Lodge of Victoria (Australia).]

        Grand Lodge of Virginia, A. F. & A. M.

        Grand Sbcrstary's Office,

        Masonic Temple,

        KiCHMOND, Ya., October 17th, 1902.

        Bbothbb Edoab a. Tennis,

        Bt. Wor. Grand Master of Masons, Philadelphia, Fennsylyania.

        Et. Wob. Bbothbb: —

        The very courteous and fraternal invitation of the Bt. Wor. Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, communicated through you to me, to participate in ^Mts celebration of the Sesqui-centennial Anniversary of the Initiation of Brother (George Washington into our Fraternity,'' has been received, for which you will accept my cordial thanks.

        It would afford me the greatest pleasure to meet my brethren on that occasion and to unite with them in attesting our venera-

        367

        I

        UXOasbinoton Sedqui-

        tion for the exalted character of the great American whose con- nection with onr ancient Fraternity you propoee to honour; but I regret that exacting official duties incident to the approaching session of the Grand Lodge of Virginia render it impossible for me to accept your invitation.

        Every Virginia Mason should feel a laudable pride in the fact that Washington was made a Mason in Fredericksburg Lodge, which participated in the organization of the Grand Lodge of Virginia, and that he was Master of Alexandria Lodge^ No. 22, which now bears his honoured name.

        Feeling assured that the celebration will in every respect be worthy of the illustrious man whose Masonic career and civic virtues you propose to commemorate^ I have the honour to be,

        Truly and fraternally yours,

        GEO. W. CABBINGTON,

        Grand Secretary.

        Alexandria, Va.,

        October 28th, 1902.

        EdgjlB a. Tennis^ Esq.,

        Most Worshipful Grand Master

        of the Bight Worshipful Grand Lodge

        of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons of Pennsylvania.

        M. W. Sm & DsAB Bbothsb : —

        Tour fraternal and courteous invitation to be present and participate with you in your celebration of the Sesqui-oenten- nial Anniversary of the Initiation of

        Brother George Washington into our Fraternity, to be held in the City of Philadelphia on November 6th, A.D. 1902, has been duly received.

        Whilst from my advanced age and physical infirmities I shall be unable to be with you in person, yet in heart and spirit I will be in your midst and rejoice in the honor bestowed upon the memory of our Illustrious Brother, whose virtues and patriotism are so deeply enshrined in the hearts of the people of this great Nation. Personally I deeply appreciate your

        368

        Xettere of "Regret

        kindly remembrance of old Alex'a.-Wa8hington Lodge, No. 22, of which I have been a member for nearly half a century.

        Onr dear old Mother, the Orand Lodge of Pa., granted our first Charter in 1783, and we shall ever cherish her memory.

        Very truly & fraternally yours,

        WM. H. LAMBERT,

        P. G. M. of Va.

        Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Washington.

        Office of the Grand Master.

        8RATTLB, Wash., Oct 16, 1902.

        Hon. Edoab A. Tbnkis,

        Grand Master of Pennsylvania,

        Masonic Temple, Philadelphia, Pa.

        BiQHT WOBSHIPFUL SiB :

        I gratefully acknowledge receipt of your invitation to take part in the celebration in Masonic Temple, Philadelphia, by your Grand Lodge, on Wednesday, November 6, 1902, of the Sesqui-Centennial anniversary of the initiation of Brother GEOEGE WASHINGTON into our Fraternity.

        Nothing could well be more agreeable to me than to be in attendance upon that highly interesting occasion. As an old- time Pennsylvanian, I should expect to meet many friends, from Erie to Philadelphia, of my boyhood days; I should expect to meet my wife, now sojourning in your City, her old home; flbd I should expect to hear from gifted lips strong and stirring tributes to the great name of GEOBGE WASHINGTON and to the great idea underlying FBEEMASONBY. My Court engagements will deprive me of all this pleasure; and I must content myself with an assurance to you of the poignant grief which this deprivation entails.

        The celebration is worthy of the Grand Lodge of Pennsyl- vania, which in his lifetime was foremost in rendering honor to General Washington. No other name in Cis-Atlantic Free-

        369

        UXOasbiitdton SeequUcentennial Hnniverean?

        masoiiry has taken so deep a hold on the imaginations^ minds and hearts of American Brethren as the name of Brother GEORGE WASHINGTON. We do not forget or ignore the other great spirits of the Bevolution who were Freemasons : Benjamin Franklin, Master of the first warranted Lodge in Pennsylyania, the Provincial Grand Master of that province; Peyton Bandolph, first president of the Continental Congress, and last Provincial Grand Master of Virginia; Edmnnd Ban- dolph. Governor of Virginia, and Grand Master of Masons in that Commonwealth; Qen. David Wooster, an officer of the Bevolution, and Master of the first Lodge in Connecticut; Pierpont Edwards, first Grand Master of Connecticut; Jabez Bowen, Lieutenant Governor of Bhode Island, and Grand Master of that State; Colonel William Barton, the Bhode Island Mason who captured the British General, Prescott ; Gen. John Sullivan, first Grand Master of New Hampshire; Gen. James Jackson, Governor and Grand Master of Georgia; Wil- liam Bichardson Davie, Governor and Grand Master of North Carolina; Bichard Caswell, also Governor and Grand Master of North Carolina ; GeiL Mordecai Gist, Grand Master of South Carolina; Doctor James Milnor, Grand Master of Pennsyl- vania; Doctor Samuel Seabury, the first Episcopal Bishop in America ; Gen. Bufus Putnam, the first Grand Master of Ohio ; Gen. Joseph Warren, Grand Master of the Massachusetts Grand Lodge; Aaron Ogden, Governor of New Jersey; Daniel Coxe of New Jersey, the first Provincial Grand Master in America, and who proposed in 1741 an alliance of the colonies for mutual protection and defence; and Bobert B. Livingston, Chancellor oi the State of New York, and Grand Master of that State. We hold all these in loving remembrance; but as in their time the popular sentiment hailed Bro. Washington as the hero of Masonry, so it has been from that day to this: he is facile princeps.

        Upon the severance of Masonic connection between Great Britain and Ireland and the United States of America after the Bevolution, followed by an independent American polity, there was in the ranks of the Brotherhood a spontaneous desire for the organization of a General Grand Lodge with George

        370

        lettere of "RcQvet

        WaBhington at its head; and it is one of the interesting curi- osities of the time^ that Freemasons thronghont the country actually believed that he was Qeneral Grand Master. They assumed that what should be^ really was.

        The career of George Washington as the arch-rebel of his day would be wholly inexplicable but for his early connection with Freemasonry. The Fraternity was introduced into America about the time of his birth. He joined it before he was 21 and while his mind was yet plastic. The tenor of its teachings — not so colorless as now — ^was in sharp conflict with the basic idea of the Loyalism which was to li™ a family inheritance. His financial interests as a wealthy planter and large exporter were in xmison with the traditional Torjrism of his family and with the maintenance of fealty to the British Crown. He must have found it increasingly difficult to reconcile these personal interests and hereditary inclinations with the principles of LTBEBTY, EQUALITY and FRATERNITY, which formed the triune watchword of the secret Brotherhood. The eyents of the time forced upon him a choice between these antagonistic forces and tendencies. England's claim of the right to levy unlimited taxation upon the Colonies was combatted in the Virginia House of Burgesses, of which Washington was a mem- ber, with tremendous and overwhelming eloquence by Patrick Henry. That tongue of fire warmed into surging life in Wash- ington's bosom the great doctrines of Freemasonry to which he had listened for over 20 years. The die was cast: George Washington ceased to be a provincial Loyalist and became an American Rebel. From that moment his history belongs to the world. He grew gray and almost blind in the service of his country.

        In prehistoric times so noble and spotless a hero and patriot would have been deified, and would forever live in the religion and hearts of the people as one of the divine rulers of the earth. To us he is the grandest character ever produced on the west- em shore of the Atlantic. His fame will not be dimmed by the flight of the centuries.

        ** Whatever record leap to light, Re never shall be shamed/' 371

        UXOasbinoton Seequf^entennial Hnniveraan?

        From the ^' Peimsylvama of the Pacific/' the apt characteri- zation of the young State which has been named for our hero, I send you the hearty greetings of the Grand Lodge of Wash- ington!

        Fraternally yonrs^

        JOHN AETHXJB,

        Grand Master.

        ''Wserr Austrauan" Office,

        PSBTH, November 18th, 1902.

        Dbab Sib & Bbothbr.

        I have to gratefully acknowledge yonr kind inyitation to be present at the Sesqui-centennial Anniversary of the initiation of Bro George Washington. EEad it been at all possible, I should have done myself the high honor of being present on so memorable an occasion. Yonr invitation in my case reached me too late even to allow me to let yon know I conld not be present; but in any event it would have been impossible for me to have got away.

        I earnestly trust the ceremony proved a snooess proportionate to the importance and interest of the occasion.

        Will yon allow me to convey to yourself M. R W. Sir, my own hearty fraternal greetings on behalf of the Grand Lodge of Western Australia.

        I have the honor to be.

        Yours fraternally,

        J. W. Haokett,

        Edoab a. Tbnnis, Esq., Masonic Temple, Philadelphia.

        G. IL W. A. C.

        372

        loboee wbicb bel^ Celebratione

        LODGES WHICH HELD CELEBRA- TIONS

        In accordance with the recommendation of the Grand Lodge, the following Lodges celebrated the Sesqui- centennial Anniversary, the number of Brethren par- ticipating being given where it was reported :

        DISTRICT No. I.

        Lodge No. 43, Lancaster; \ .^

        Lamberton, No. 476, Lancaster; J Columbia, No. 286, Columbia; 60. Christiana, No. 417, Christiana ; 121.

        DISTRICT No. a.

        PerseTerance, No. 21, Harrisburg; 275. Lodge No. 22, Sunbury ; 65. Shamokin, No. 255, Shamokin; 99. Bobert Burns, No. 464, Harrisburg; 150. Ashlar, No. 570, Wiconisoo; 111.

        DISTRICT No. 3*

        Cumberland Star, No. 197, Carlisle ; St. John's, No. 260, Carlisle; Eureka, 302, Mechanicsburg; Cumberland Valley, 315, Shippensburg ; Big Spring, No. 361, Newrille; Monongahda Yallejr, No. 461, Coal Centre ; ,

        DISTRICT No, 4.

        York, No. 266, York; 174. Fatmos, 348, Hanover ; ) - «g^

        Hebron, No. 465, New Oxford ; )

        873

        I 400.

        TKOadbinoton Seequi^entennial Bnniverear^

        DISTRICT No. 5.

        Williamson, No. 309, Downingtown; 100. Skerrett, No. 343, Cochranville; 150.

        DISTRICT No. 6.

        Charity, No. 190, Nomstown; 100. Fritz, No. 420, Confihohocken; 100. ShiloIi,No. 558,Laii8dale; 150. Cassia, No. 273, Ardmore.

        DISTRICT No. 7.

        Lodge No. 62, Beading;

        Mount Lebanon, No. 226, Lebanon;

        Chandler, No. 227, Beading;

        Willianuson, No. 307, Womelsdorf ;

        Tentonia, No. 367, Beading; 1* 300.

        Hnguenot, No. 377, Kntztown ;

        St. John's, No. 435, Beading;

        Union, No. 479, Birdsboro';

        Beading, No. 549, Beading;

        Vaiu, No. 406, Hamburg; 80.

        DISTRICT No. 8.

        Fort Washington, No. 308, Fort Washington; 60. Newtown, No. 427, Newtown; 55. Qnakertown, No. 512, Qnakertown;

        MacCalla, No. 596, Sellersville ;

        j 90.

        DISTRICT No. g.

        Bethlehem, No. 283, Bethlehem ; 98. Barger, No. 325, Stroudsbnrg ; 69. Monoguesy, No. 413, Bath ; 38. Hellertown, No. 563, Hellertown ; 42.

        DISTRICT No. zo.

        Carbon, No. 242, Manch Chnnk; 57.

        Hazel, No. 327, Hazelton; ^

        Laurel, No. 467, White Haven; V 222.

        Arbutus, No. 611, Freeland; 3

        Lehighton, No. 621, Lehighton ; 33.

        874

        Xo^ae6 wbicb beR> Celebratione

        h225.

        y 138.

        Porter^ No. 284^ Catasaqna; Lehigh^ No. 326^ Trezlertown ; Barger^ No. 333, Allentown ; Slatington, No. 440, Slatington; Saucon, No. 469, Coopersbiirg; Greenleaf, No. 561, Allentown;

        DISTRICT No. zi.

        Pulaski, No. 216, PottsviUe; Schnylldll, No. 138, Orwigsbnrg; Minersville, No. 222, Minersville ; Page, No. 270, Schuylkill Haven; Pine Grove, No. 409, Pine Grove ; Gressona, No. 426, Cressona; Tamaqua, No. 238, Tamaqna; 54. Anthracite, No. 285, St Clair; 50. Mahanoy City, No. 357, Mahanoy City; ) Shenandoah, No. 511, Shenandoah; )

        DISTRICT No. za.

        Lodge No. 61, Wilkes-Barre; 178. St. John's, No. 233, Pittston; | VaUey, No. 499, Pittston; ) Sylvania, No. 354, Shickshinny; 46. Landmark, No. 442, Wilkes-Barre; 260. Wyoming, No. 468, Wyoming; 21. Nanticoke, No. 541, Nanticoke; 53. See Districts Nos. 10 and 35.

        102.

        200.

        DISTRICT No. 13.

        Carbondale, No. 249, Carbondale ;

        Aurora, No. 523, Jermyn;

        Moscow, No. 504, Moscow; 30.

        Hiram, No. 261 ;

        Union, No. 291 ;

        Peter Williamson, No. 323 ;

        Hyde Park, No. 339 ;

        Schiller, No. 345 ; and

        Green Bidge, No. 597, Scranton ;

        875

        ■'}

        100.

        1000.

        Maebiitdton SeequUcentennial Hnniverear^^

        DISTRICT No. Z4.

        Hawley, No. 305, Hawlejr; Honesdale, No. 218^ Honesdale; Salem, No. 330, Hamlinton; y igo. Millord, No. 344, MUford; Waymart, No. 542, Waymart;

        DISTRICT No. IS.

        Poieet City, No. 439, Forest City; )

        Mount Hermon, No. 472, TTmon Dale ; ) See District No. 16.

        DISTRICT No. i6.

        Temple, No. 248, Tunkhaimock Nicholflon, No. 438, Nicholson

        M

        DISTRICT No. Z7.

        Friendship, No. 247, Mansfield; 50. Ossea, No. 317, Wellesboro'; 150.

        DISTRICT No. z8.

        Charity, No. 144, Lewisbnrg ; Mifflinbnrg, No. 370, MifBinbtLrg ; Watsontown, No. 401, Watsontown; Milton, No. 256, Milton (of District No. 35) ;

        DISTRICT No. zg.

        Union, No. 324, MifBintown ; Lewistown, No. 203, Lewistown; Adams, No. 319, New Bloomfield; Lamberton, No. 371, Thompsontown ; ^ 178. McVeytown, No. 376, McVeytown ; Newport;, No. 381, Newport ; Perry, No. 458, Marysyille;

        DISTRICT No. ao.

        Monntain, No. 281 ; Logan, No. 490 ; > 200.

        Hiram, No. 616, Altoona; , Tyrone, No. 494, Tyrone; 82.

        876

        252.

        lo^^e0 wbicb belt) Celebratione

        DISTRICT No. ai.

        Eonte; ) Old Port, No. 637, Centre HiU ; I Clearfield, No. 314, Clearfield ; 85.

        Belief onte, No. 268, Belief onte; i ^

        Moehaimon, No. 391, Philipsbnrg; ) ^ .^ Osceola, No. 515, Osceola Mills; ) John W. Jenks, No. 534, PnnxButawney; 35. Goalport, No. 574, Coalport; 40.

        DISTRICT No. aa.

        Union, No. 334, Bradford; 200. Enlalia, No. 342, Condersport; 150. Eldred, No. 660, Eldred; 50. Oaleton, No. 602, Oaleton; 50.

        DISTRICT No. aa.

        PetroUa, No. 363, OU City;

        Allegheny Yalley, No. 362, Emlenton (of District No. f. 400. 27);

        DISTRICT No. a4.

        Waterf ord. No. 426 ; Waterford; ^ Wattsbnrg, No. 533, Wattsbnrg; I Enreka, No. 366, Union City; Oasis, No. 416, Edinboro';

        DISTRICT No. as.

        Oil Creek, No. 808, Titusville; |

        Shepherd, No. 463, Titusville; \

        Spartan, No. 372, Spartansburg; 60.

        Crawford, No. 234, Meadville;

        Lodge No. 408, Meadville; I 17-'

        Covenanty No. 473, Cambridge Springs;

        Western Crawford, No. 268, Conneantville;

        DISTRICT No. a7.

        Eittanning, No. 244, Kittanning; 125.

        Clarion, No. 277, Clarion; 50.

        Canby, No. 520, St. Petersburg; 26.

        Parker City, No. 521, Parker City; 30.

        John M. Bead, No. 636, Beynoldsville; 40.

        377

        ]KIla0binaton Sesaui^entennial Hnnipcreari^

        Edenbtirgy No. 550^ Edenbtirg; 40.

        Leechbnrg, No. 577^ Leechburg;

        Wmiamson, No. 431, Saltsburg (of District No. 39) ;

        Apollo, No. 437, Apollo (of District No. 39) ;

        Kiskimiiietas, No. 617, Yandergrift (of District No.

        39); See Districts Nos. 23 and 32.

        125.

        DISTRICTS Nos. aS AND 3a. District No. aS.

        Lodge No. 45 ;

        St. John's, No. 219 ;

        Franklin, No. 221 ;

        Solomon^ No. 231 ;

        Washington, No. 253 ;

        Monongahela, No. 269 ;

        MihoLor, No. 287;

        Hailman, No. 321;

        McGandless, No. 390 ;

        Pittsburgh, No. 484;

        Dallas, No. 508 ;

        Germania, No. 509 ;

        Quyasuta, No. 513 ;

        Oakland, No. 636; Y 1760.

        Duqnesne, No. 546 ; and

        Crescent, No. 576, Pittsbtirgh ;

        Centennial, No. 644, Carnegie ;

        District No. 3a.

        Allegheny, No. 223 ;

        Jefferson, No. 288 ;

        McKinley, No. 318 ;

        Davage, No. 374;

        Stnckrath, No. 430 ; and

        Ionic, No. 626, Allegheny ;

        Zeredatha, No. 448, Sharpsbnrg;

        BellevTie, No. 630, Bellevne;

        Corinthian, No. 673, MiUvale Borough;

        378

        loboee wbicb DeG) Celebratione

        DISTRICT No. 99.

        Gharleroi, No. 615, Charleroi;

        Chandler, No. 237, BeallsviUe;

        Henry M. Phillips, No. 337, Monongahela City; S- 252.

        Monongahela Valley, No. 461, Coal Centre;

        Gmnmert, No. 252, Fayette City (of District No. 31) ; ^

        Washington, No. 164, Washington;

        Sunset, No. 623, Washington;

        Waynesbnrg, No. 153, Waynesbnrg ;

        Chartiers, No. 297, Cannonsbnrg ; ^ 623.

        Claystille, No. 447, ClaysviUe ;

        Bidiard Yaiiz, No. 454, Burgettstown ;

        Garfield, No. 604, McDonald;

        DISTRICT No. 30.

        Loyalhanna, No. 275, Latrobe; 76. Marion, No. 562, Scottdale; 80.

        DISTRICT No. 3Z.

        Fayette, No. 228, Uniontown, and others; 300. See District No. 29.

        DISTRICT No. aa.

        See District No. 28.

        Pollock, No. 502, Tarentnin; ) ^^^

        Armstrong, No. 239, Freeport (of District No. 27) ; I

        DISTRICT No. 33.

        La Fayette, No. 199, Lock Haven; 104. Benovo, No. 495, Benovo; 59. Eane, Wilcox,

        ane. No. 566, Kane; ) ^^ ilcox. No. 571, Wilcox ; )

        DISTRICT No. 34.

        Monnt Moriah, No. 300, Huntingdon; 81.

        Everett, No. 524, Everett; 70.

        379

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