CAESAR NERO, MOST NOTABLE LEADERS
EMPEROR, PERSECUTED CHRISTIANS

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An Online Christian Worldview Encyclopedia,
Where God's Word is "STILL...INERRANT!"
PRESENTING
CAESAR NERO, NOTABLE LEADER of HISTORY;

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Comprehensive, Christian Website!
From An "INERRANT-BIBLE" VIEWPOINT
Over 600,000 Pages – 1-1-2012)
The Web
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PLEASE take 10 SECONDS and QUICKLY
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We will never forget 9-11 in Patriotic colors
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Browse Massive Evidence Below:
"AMERICAN DECLARATION of INDEPENDENCE"
Declares USA Recognizes: "SELF-EVIDENT TRUTHS!"
Declaring ALL are "CREATED" equal!
Endowed by Their "CREATOR"
With 'Certain', 'Inalienable', 'Rights';
1776 AMERICAN FLAG 1776 THOMAS-JEFFERSON-DECLARATION-of-INDEPENDENCE1776 AMERICAN FLAG 1776
LINCOLN-SIGNATURE
Statesman Thomas Jefferson
Author, Immortal USA Declaration of Independence'
AMERIPEDIA Thomas Jefferson: His Personal "TRIBUTE to DECLARATION of INDEPENDENCE

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U.S. Supreme Court Decision:
(Unanimous Decision!) "THIS IS A CHRISTIAN NATION!"
Trinity vs. New York, 143 US 457, 36 L ed 226,

Thomas Jefferson!
"Most Misunderstood" Founding Father!
Some say Non-Christian for REJECTING Christ's Divinity
(He believed like Jehovah's Witnesses: Not Mainstream but Christian!)
THOMAS-JEFFERSON-SIGNATURE

However, multitudes of Christians IN ALL AGES saw
Christ as "PERFECT MAN" the "SECOND ADAM" Rom 5:6-16
Worshipping Christ as SAVIOUR and KING, but not DIVINE!( Arianism)

FACT! President Jefferson STARTED Church in the US Capitol Building!

FACT! He JOINED it the same weekend he wrote SEPARATION CHURCH-STATE letter!

FACT! Jefferson ALLOWED several groups to have Church in the US Capitol!

FACT! He oversaw other Churches in the US TREASURY and SUPREME COURT!

FACT! Jefferson hired MARINE BAND to play each Lord's Day...

FACT! ... And paid them with TAX DOLLARS!

FACT! ... Likewise PAID the Ministers, Preachers!

FACT! Jefferson Translated Bible WHILE PRESIDENT - from Greek Language!

FACT! Wrote a book on LIFE of CHRIST for American Natives!

FACT! Gave FEDERAL LAND/MONEY for Missionaries to Natives in Illinois Territory!

FACT! Legislated land for Church-House in each Township of NORTHWEST ORDINANCE!

FACT! Legislated Federal land for Missionaries to Natives in Ohio Territory!

FACT! Wrote letter to Daughter on HOW TO BE READY for RETURN of CHRIST!

FACT! Wrote a GOVERNMENT PRAYER to be used EACH 4th of JULY CELEBRATION

FACT! Jefferson's US CAPITOL CHURCH became largest in the Nation for decades!

FACT! Jefferson NEVER drank, smoked, cussed, missed Church, HIS WHOLE LIFE!

FACT! FEW - WHO EVER LIVED - were better Disciples of Christ than Thomas Jefferson!

FACT! (George Washington, Abe Lincoln were TWO of those FEW!)

Jefferson, Joins, Supports, Leads Church in US Capitol: FOOTNOTES [1-43]

Capitol Church Photos on OFFICIAL US GOV WEBSITE

"President-To-Be" James Madison;
JAMES-MADISON-SIGNATURE
Joined President Jefferson's U.S. Capitol Church!

Jefferson, Madison Belong to Church in US Capitol: FOOTNOTE [14]

Don't be Fooled by "Willfully Blind", Atheist, Anti- Christian "Deceived-and-Deceiving" College Professors,

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First Prayer, First Congress, 1774;

George Washington, left, is KNEELING on Both Knees!
1776 AMERICAN FLAG 1776 FIRST-PRAYER-FIRST-CONGRESS-WASHINGTON-KNEELING 1776 AMERICAN FLAG 1776
GEORGE-WASHINGTON-SIGNATURE
George Washington: Kneeling while most others stood;

"Willfully-blind" Modern-Scholars declare the USA was NOT established as a Christian Nation. President Barack Obama travels the world declaring:
"The USA is NOT a Christian nation!"

Sadly, most do not know the US SUPREME COURT;
Researched 1,000's of documents, VOTED UNANIMOUSLY:
The USA is unquestionably a CHRISTIAN NATION!

U.S. SUPREME COURT Declares USA A Christian Nation!

Legal Scholar Justice David Brewer on "Christian Nation Decision"

Abraham Lincoln Declares USA Founded on "SPIRIT of CHRISTIANITY!"

Abraham Lincoln: Proclaims USA A CHRISTIAN NATION in 1862

Isabella Potts-James Testifies Washington Prayed, Valley Forge;

Nathaniel R. Snowden: Recorded Washington's Valley Forge Prayer

Officer Muhlenberg Witnessed Washington Pray, Valley Forge;

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AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICANTHE USA PHOTO GALLERYAMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

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AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN"U.S.A. PHOTO GALLERY!"AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

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AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN"WAS JESUS PATRIOTIC?AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

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BRIEFS: MODERN MARTYRS (COLUMBINE!)
These Girls Shot/Died for Faith in Christ!
(CLICK PICTURES)

PERPETUA-PHOTO.jpg KACEY-RUEGSEGGER-COLUMBINE-VICTIM CASSIE-BERNALL-COLUMBINE-MARTYR-PHOTO Anna-Charboniere-Tortured-LARGE RACHEL-JOY-SCOTT-COLUMBINE-MARTYR-Book-PHOTO VALEEN-SCHNURR-COLUMBINE-VICTIM-PHOTO CASSIE-BERNALL-COLUMBINE-GRADUATE-PHOTO
Perpetua, K. Rueggsegger, C. Bernall, A. Charboniere,R. Scott, V. Schnurr, Cassie!

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BRIEFS: AMERICAN CHRISTIAN EDUCATORS:
These Men Founded Christian Universities!
(CLICK PICTURES)

BOB-JONES-SENIOR-PHOTO.jpg ORAL-ROBERTS-PHOTO LEE-ROBERSON-PHOTO JERRY-FALWELL.jpg JACK-HYLES-PHOTO-OLDER ARLIN-HORTON-PHOTO PAT-ROBERTSON-PHOTO.jpg
B. Jones, O. Roberts, L. Roberson, J. Falwell, J. Hyles, A. Horton, P. Robertson

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BRIEFS: AMERICAN CHRISTIAN PASTORS:
These Men Founded Great Churches-Ministries!
(CLICK PICTURES)

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Tony Evans, T.D. Jakes, Creflo Dollar, Fred Price, "HUTCH!", Charles Blake

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BRIEFS: AMERICA'S HISPANIC LEADERS!
These Leaders Are Changing Your World!
(CLICK PICTURES)

MARCO-RUBIO-OFFICIAL-PHOTO.jpg SUSAN-MARTINEZ-OFFICIAL-PHOTO. LUIS-PALAU-PHOTO GUILLERMO-MALDONADO-PHOTO.jpg KIMBERLY GUILFOYLE OFFICIAL PHOTO WILFREDO-De-JESUS PHOTO
M. Rubio....S. Martinez...L. Palau...G. Maldonado...K. Guilfoyle...W. de Jesus;

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BRIEFS: AMERICA'S ASIAN-INDIAN LEADERS!
These Leaders Are Changing Your World!
(CLICK PICTURES)

DINESH D’SOUZA OFFICIAL PHOTO JOSEPH-PRINCE-BOOK-COVER MICHELLE MALKIN OFFICIAL PHOTO NIKKI-HALEY-OFFICIAL-PORTRAIT BOBBY-JINDAL OFFICIAL-PHOTO
D. D'Souza...J. Prince...M. Malkin...N. Haley...B. Jindal

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BRIEFS: NEWS MAKERS
These People are Affecting Your Daily Life!
(CLICK PICTURES)

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Barack Obama...Rush Limbaugh...Sarah Palin...Louis Farrakhan...Hillary Clinton
(The "LEFT!"...The "RIGHT!"...The "TEA-PARTY!"...The "MUSLIMS!"...The "FEMINISTS!")

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BRIEFS: NEWS MAKERS
These People Want to be Your New President!
(CLICK PICTURES)

NEWT GINGRICH-OFFICIAL-PHOTO RICK-SANTORUM-OFFICIAL-PHOTO MICHELE BACHMANN Web Pic MITT ROMNEY OFFICIAL PHOTO RON PAUL OFFICIAL PHOTO
Newt Gingrich...Rick Santorum...Michele Bachmann...Mitt Romney...Ron Paul

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BRIEFS: NEWS REPORTERS
These People Decide What News You Hear!
(CLICK PICTURES)

ANDREA-TANTAROS-OFFICIAL-PHOTO MEGYN KELLY OFFICIAL PHOTO HARRIS-FAULKNER-OFFICIAL-PHOTO  S. E. CUPP OFFICIAL-PHOTO KIMBERLY GUILFOYLE OFFICIAL PHOTO
Andrea Tantaros...Megyn Kelly...Harris Faulkner...S. E. Cupp...Kim Guilfoyle

RUSH LIMBAUGH Portrait GLENN BECK -Portrait JUAN-WILLIAMS-PHOTO BILL O'REILLY Portrait SEAN HANNITY PORTRAIT
Rush Limbaugh...Glen Beck...Juan Williams...Bill O'Reilly...Sean Hannity

MONICA CROWLEY OFFICIAL PHOTO ANGELA McGLOWAN OFFICIAL PHOTO MICHELLE MALKIN OFFICIAL PHOTO KRISTI WATTS OFFICIAL PHOTO LAURA INGRAHAM OFFICIAL PHOTO
Monica Crowley...Angela McGlowan...Michelle Malkin...Kristi Watts...Laura Ingraham

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BRIEFS: NEWS MAKING LAWS, POLICIES
These People Decide What News You Hear!
(CLICK PICTURES)

KRISTI NOEM CONDOLEEZZA RICE OFFICIAL PHOTO NIKKI-HALEY-OFFICIAL-PORTRAIT RICK-PERRY-OFFICIAL-PHOTO  MARSHA BLACKBURN BEST PHOTO DARK
Christy Noem...Condoleezza Rice...Nikki Haley...Rick Perry...Marsha Blackburn

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BRIEFS: NEWS MAKERS
These People Decide What's Happening!
(CLICK PICTURES)

RICK-WARREN-TIME-MAG-COVER TERESA-SCANLAN-MAG-COVER.jpgf" CHARLES-PAYNE OFFICIAL-PHOTO HENRY LOUIS GATES JR OFFICIAL PHOTO CARRIE-PREJEAN-PHOTO
Rick Warren...Miss Home School...Charles Payne...H. L. Gates Jr....Carrie Prejean

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"Welcome to CHRISTIPEDIA™
Understanding Future, According to "HIS WORD!"
Understanding History, Providentially, as "HIS-STORY!"
And Today, From Where We've Been, To Where "HE'S LEADING!"
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SKULL and BONES Homosexuality Shortens Lifespan 20 to 25 Years!SKULL and BONES

SELF-CONFESSED LISTS:

HOMO & PRO-HOMO SODOMITES: PASTORS, MINISTERS, LEADERS

LESBIAN and PRO-LESBIAN PASTORS, CHAPLAINS, LEADERS

(Has YOUR "Spiritual Leader" COME OUT?)

AMERIPEDIA: George Washington on HOMOSEXUALITY

Early Church OUTLAWS HOMOSEXUALITY in Roman Empire!

"DID YOU KNOW?
EVERY REVIVAL in Bible Began by Removing SODOMITES!
1 Kin 14:24, 1 Kin 15:15, 1 Kin 22:6, 2 Kin 23:7,
(OBEDIENCE, Deut 23:17, NOT PRAYER, Brings REVIVAL!)
SKULL and BONESSODOMITES: Acceptance is SIN, Approval is BLASPHEMY! SKULL and BONES

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BRIEFS: LEADING AFRICAN-AMERICAN VOICES
These Leaders Are Changing Your World!
(CLICK PICTURES)

ALLEN WEST MILITARY PHOTO RON-CHRISTIE-PHOTO TIM-SCOTT-OFFICIAL-PHOTO.jpg ALAN-KEYES-PHOTO J-C-WATTS-PHOTO.jpg
Allen West....Ronald Christie...Timothy Scott...Alan Keyes...J. C. Watts

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NewtonStein:
 Web's Largest "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible Resource;
SCIENCE-DARWIN-JESUS-FISHSCIENCE-DARWIN-JESUS-FISH

ATOM WHIRLINGSCIENCE-HAECKELS-DRAWINGSCIENCE-DARWIN-PORTRAIT.jpgSCIENCE-HAECKELS-DRAWINGATOM WHIRLING
"HAECKEL'S DRAWINGS" FRAUD In SCIENCE!

Haeckel's Imaginary Drawings: 100 Years of Error!

The 40-Year “Piltdown Man Hoax!”

The "Nebraska Man" becomes a "Pig's Tooth!"

10 Scientific Frauds that Rocked the World!

Global Warming Hoax (Hundreds of Articles!)

GRAVITATIONSCIENCE-ATOM-ON-CROSSSCIENCE-PERIODIC-TABLE SCIENCE-ATOM-ON-CROSSGRAVITATION

"GENESIS-1" TRUTH In SCIENCE!

SCIENCE-DARWIN-JESUS-FISHSCIENCE-DARWIN-JESUS-FISH

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BRIEFS: AFRICAN-AMERICAN FEMALE LEADERS!
These Leaders Are Changing Your World!
(CLICK PICTURES)

STAR PARKER GABRIEL-BRIGETTE." ANGELA McGLOWAN OFFICIAL PHOTO HARRIS-FAULKNER-OFFICIAL-PHOTO AMY-HOLMES-OFFICIAL-PHOTO KRISTI WATTS OFFICIAL PHOTO
S. Parker...G. Brigitte...A McGlowan...H. Faulkner...A. Holmes...K. Watts;

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BRIEFS: NEWS MAKERS FROM YESTER-YEAR
These Leaders Have Changed Your World!
(CLICK PICTURES)

MARTIN-LUTHER-KING-JR-Pointing-Portrait RONALD-REAGAN-BOOK-COVER-on-GOD JACKIE-KENNEDY-PHOTO JFK SIDE VIEW FOLDED HANDS MALCOLM-X-PHOTO
Dr. MLK Jr....Ronald Reagan...Jackie Kennedy...John F Kennedy...Malcolm X;

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BRIEFS: LEADING JEWISH VOICES
These Leaders Are Changing Your World!
(CLICK PICTURES)

MICHAEL-MEDVED-PHOTO.jpg MICHAEL SAVAGE Portrait ERIC-CANTOR-PHOTO PAM-GELLAR-PHOTO DEBBIE SCHLUSSEL PHOTO MARK-LEVIN-PHOTO.jpg DANIEL-LAPIN-RABBI-PHOTO DENNIS-PRAGER-PHOTO.jpg
M. Medved, M. Savage, E. Cantor, P. Gellar, D. Schlussel, M. Levin, Rabbi Lapin, D. Prager

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We will never forget 9-11 in Patriotic colors
flag bunting
rotating starFLAG-OPEN-BIBLEUSA!FLAG-OPEN-BIBLErotating star
rotating starChristian Nationrotating star
Browse Massive Evidence Below:
"AMERICAN DECLARATION of INDEPENDENCE"
Declares USA Recognizes: "SELF-EVIDENT TRUTHS!"
Declaring ALL are "CREATED" equal!
Endowed by Their "CREATOR"
With 'Certain', 'Inalienable', 'Rights';
1776 AMERICAN FLAG 1776 THOMAS-JEFFERSON-DECLARATION-of-INDEPENDENCE1776 AMERICAN FLAG 1776
LINCOLN-SIGNATURE
Statesman Thomas Jefferson
Author, Immortal USA Declaration of Independence'
AMERIPEDIA Thomas Jefferson: His Personal "TRIBUTE to DECLARATION of INDEPENDENCE

flag divider

U.S. Supreme Court Decision:
(Unanimous Decision!) "THIS IS A CHRISTIAN NATION!"
Trinity vs. New York, 143 US 457, 36 L ed 226,

Thomas Jefferson!
"Most Misunderstood" Founding Father!
Some say Non-Christian for REJECTING Christ's Divinity
(He believed like Jehovah's Witnesses: Not Mainstream but Christian!)
THOMAS-JEFFERSON-SIGNATURE

However, multitudes of Christians IN ALL AGES saw
Christ as "PERFECT MAN" the "SECOND ADAM" Rom 5:6-16
Worshipping Christ as SAVIOUR and KING, but not DIVINE!( Arianism)

    FACT! President Jefferson STARTED Church in the US Capitol Building!

    FACT! He JOINED it the same weekend he wrote SEPARATION CHURCH-STATE letter!

    FACT! Jefferson ALLOWED several groups to have Church in the US Capitol!

    FACT! He oversaw other Churches in the US TREASURY and SUPREME COURT!

    FACT! Jefferson hired MARINE BAND to play each Lord's Day...

    FACT! ... And paid them with TAX DOLLARS!

    FACT! ... Likewise PAID the Ministers, Preachers!

    FACT! Jefferson Translated Bible WHILE PRESIDENT - from Greek Language!

    FACT! Wrote a book on LIFE of CHRIST for American Natives!

    FACT! Gave FEDERAL LAND/MONEY for Missionaries to Natives in Illinois Territory!

    FACT! Legislated land for Church-House in each Township of NORTHWEST ORDINANCE!

    FACT! Legislated Federal land for Missionaries to Natives in Ohio Territory!

    FACT! Wrote letter to Daughter on HOW TO BE READY for RETURN of CHRIST!

    FACT! Wrote a GOVERNMENT PRAYER to be used EACH 4th of JULY CELEBRATION

    FACT! Jefferson's US CAPITOL CHURCH became largest in the Nation for decades!

    FACT! Jefferson NEVER drank, smoked, cussed, missed Church, HIS WHOLE LIFE!

    FACT! FEW - WHO EVER LIVED - were better Disciples of Christ than Thomas Jefferson!

    FACT! (George Washington, Abe Lincoln were TWO of those FEW!)

Jefferson, Joins, Supports, Leads Church in US Capitol: FOOTNOTES [1-43]

Capitol Church Photos on OFFICIAL US GOV WEBSITE

President James Madison Joined Jefferson's Capitol Church!
Jefferson, Madison Belong to Church in US Capitol: FOOTNOTE [14]
JAMES-MADISON-SIGNATURE

Don't be Fooled by "Willfully Blind", Atheist, Anti-Christian, "Deceived-and-Deceiving" College Professors,

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First Prayer, First Congress, 1774;

George Washington, left, is KNEELING on Both Knees!
1776 AMERICAN FLAG 1776 FIRST-PRAYER-FIRST-CONGRESS-WASHINGTON-KNEELING 1776 AMERICAN FLAG 1776
GEORGE-WASHINGTON-SIGNATURE
George Washington: Kneeling while most others stood;

"Willfully-blind" Modern-Scholars declare the USA was NOT established as a Christian Nation. President Barack Obama travels the world declaring:
"The USA is NOT a Christian nation!"

Sadly, most do not know the US SUPREME COURT;
Researched THOUSANDS of documents, and VOTED UNANIMOUSLY:
That the USA is unquestionably a CHRISTIAN NATION!

U.S. SUPREME COURT UNANIMOUS DECISION Declares: "USA is a Christian Nation!"

Legal Scholar Justice David Brewer on "Christian Nation Decision"

Abraham Lincoln Declares USA Founded on "SPIRIT of CHRISTIANITY!"

Abraham Lincoln: Proclaims USA A CHRISTIAN NATION in 1862

Isabella Potts-James Testifies Washington Prayed, Valley Forge;

Nathaniel R. Snowden: Recorded Washington's Valley Forge Prayer

Officer Muhlenberg Witnessed Washington Pray, Valley Forge;


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AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICANTHE USA PHOTO GALLERYAMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

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AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN"WAS PAUL PATRIOTIC?"AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

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AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICANWAS JESUS PATRIOTIC??AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

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SKULL and BONES"WIKIPEDIA!"SKULL and BONES

The Greatest Encyclopedia, By Worldly Standards!
The Most Dangerous Encyclopedia, by Christian-Patriotic Standards!

"WIKIPEDIA (WIKED-PEDIA?) WARNING!"

FACT: Wiki Philosophy: ATHEIST, ANTI-CHRISTIAN, ANTI-BIBLE;
FACT: We Recognize Wikipedia's Great Success . . . BUT
URGE YOU NOT TO TRUST THEIR ANTI-CHRISTIAN BIAS!

Take a Moment and Check how OUTRAGEOUS!

WIKIPEDIA: ANTI-AMERICA, ANTI-BIBLE, ANTI-CHRIST!
WIKI “TRIPLE XXX-RATED For Your CHILDREN!”
WIKIPEDIA FOUNDER JIMMY WALES, CELEBRATED ATHEIST
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"CHRISTIPEDIA™ Recommendation!
Use Ameripedia, Biblipedia, Christipedia,
Histipedia, Conservapedia, Theopedia, Islamipedia,
Medipedia, Judaeopedia, Preacherpedia, Scriptipedia, Musicipedia, etc;

For all information: A "BIBLICAL CHRISTIAN WORLDVIEW REALLY MATTERS!"
We plead support for Christian Researchers, Scholars;

"CHRISTIPEDIA™" is a “Trademark” Of NewtonStein Academy,
Of Cambridge Theological Seminary™, American Bible Church;
PLEASE DO NOT INFRINGE!

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"CAMBRIDGE!"

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Do You Qualify for
An Honorary "Doctor of Divinity" from Cambridge Theological Seminary?
If you believe God's Word as Stated Above:
Probably!
(Click for a Free Evaluation!)
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NOTICE! Wrapping up 2011 . . . NOTICE!
We are having a year of most amazing growth! (See moving marquee above).
As such, we are sorry to say that we may have missed someone:
Did We Miss Your Request for info in 2011?

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Represents some of the Many Nations,
Where there is a Satellite ™Cambridge Theological Seminary!"

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35,000 Students World-wide in 2012, 180+ Nations;
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"CAMBRIDGE!"
STILL...The GREATEST Name in Education!
A CAMBRIDGE Degree...YOUR Name...YOUR Wall...
WHEN?
DIPLOMA FRAME & MEDALLION

Cambridge Theological Seminary!
Radically! Dedicated to Christ's ... GREAT COMMISSION!
"Teach ALL Nations, ALL Things I have Taught!"
- Jesus Christ: Mat 28:18-20

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Cambridge Seminary Prayer
"Christ in ALL Nations, Churches in ALL Towns: OUR Lifetime!"
Worth Living For? Fighting For? Voting For? Dying For?
"YES!"

CAP, DIPLOMA WITH BORDEROLD DIPLOMAMAROON DIPLOMA GOLD TASSEL

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Do You Qualify for
An Honorary "Doctor of Divinity" from Cambridge Theological Seminary?
If you believe God's Word as Stated Above:
Probably!
(Click for a Free Evaluation!)
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Rick Warren says about "Online Education"
"...we needed an innovative way to train people,
"...without sending them away to seminary for years,
...Seminary totally online provided the answer we needed."
Dr. Rick Warren, Sr. Pastor, 100,000 Member Saddleback Church, CA

Cambridge Theological Seminary Legal Parameters:
Cambridge Theological Seminary, Legal Status and Parameters;
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What Is
The WORD of GOD?
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CHRISTIPEDIA™
Statement On The Holy Scriptures;
‘Lens’ Through Which ALL Knowledge Is Understood;

THE WORD of GOD, AXIOM-1:
    "IF" there exists any such thing as 'The Word of God'; [and ALL evidence proves such does exist:]

    "THEN" by inherent definition - it must be "GOD-BREATHED!"

      (Holy, Inspired, Inerrant, Intrepid, Infallible, Infinitive, Invincible, Indestructible, Inexhaustible, Inalienable, Immutable, Implacable, Impossible-to-Improve: Eternal and Indubitable - NEVER FAILING - and ALL CONQUERING!)

      DEDUCTING the above from the simple fact: That GOD EQUATES HIS WORD WITH HIMSELF!

        "In the Beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God, . . ." John 1:1 (and other Scriptures),
    Thus 'GOD'S WORD' can have no lesser standard than that stated;


    "GOD'S WORD MUST" THEREFORE BE:

      As true in history, archeology, geography, Earth science, medical science, nutrition, gerontology, agriculture, botany, astronomy, physics, chemistry, climatology, government, law, psychology, sociology - and every subject it touches - as in Theology, Divinity and Doctrine:

    And "IF IT BE NOT" - true in ALL subjects mentioned above; and And "IF IT BE NOT"

      Holy, Inspired, Inerrant, Intrepid, Infallible, Infinitive, Invincible, Indestructible, Inexhaustible, Inalienable, Immutable, Implacable, Impossible-to-Improve: Eternal and Indubitable in EVERY FIELD OF KNOWLEDGE:
    Whatever else such writing may be, it cannot be ‘The Incomparable Word’ of the Great Creator God!

God's Eternal Guarantee!
"Heaven and Earth Shall Pass Away;
But 'MY WORDS', SHALL NOT, PASS AWAY!"

-- Jesus of Nazareth, "The Messiah!" AD-33 (Matthew 5:18)

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Do You Qualify for
An Honorary "Doctor of Divinity" from Cambridge Theological Seminary?
If you believe God's Word as Stated Above:
Probably!
(Click for a Free Evaluation!)

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BIBLIPEDIA™

Please Visit Top Webpages

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[1] “BIBLIPEDIA™" - "GREAT COMMISSION MANDATE!” Sober Questions; (Brief!)

[2] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – "God’s Goals” v “Satan’s Goals” – WHO WINS? (Brief)

[3] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Greatest PLAN of Evangelization: DO THE MATH, (Brief!)

[4] “BIBLIPEDIA™" –Jesus said: “I WILL Build MY Church!”
(But Did He Really Mean It?)

[5] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Alarming Church News! USA! (Brief)

[6] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Christ’s Commission: Does it Mean “Global Domination?”

[7] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Can You Face The Truth? Part-1 (MESSAGE)

[8] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Can You Face The Truth? Part-2 (MESSAGE)

[9] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Jesus and Paul on the “End-of-the-World”

[10] “BIBLIPEDIA™" - Conservative Activists: "Who's Who in Christian Politics?

[11] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Is Our Modern Church Ignorant of Christ’s Purpose?

[12] "RAPTURE-READY™" Why Jesus didn't come back in 2009, '10, '11! (You Know?)

[13] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Preachers’ Greatest Sin: (Are You guilty?)

[14] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Christ Warns: A “Five-Fold-Question!”

[15] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – OPEN LETTER to Our Fellow Laborers

[16] “BIBLIPEDIA™" - "Are All Denominations Wrong? Mostly?

[17] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Who Will save Christianity?

[18] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – A Workable Plan that would-Truly Revive Christianity!

[19] “BIBLIPEDIA™" - "American Christianity Rides The Titanic!

[20] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Founding Fathers’ Kingdom, Now Dominion!

[21] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Great Falling Away Prophesied by Apostle Paul!

[22] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Biblical End of World, Basic Terms and Concepts

[23] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Christianity Dying In Western Civilization: WHY?

[24] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Christian Myths! Do You Believe Them?

[25] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Church Growth Goals Priority Page

[26] "RAPTURE-READY™" – Modern Christianity Is A Mess!

[27] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – The “Anti-Christ Home Page

[28] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – TOP-TEN Messages To Maximize Your Ministry

[29] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Calling All Christians Unite, Christ Commands!

[30] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Christianity Is Confusing and Getting WORSE! WHY?

[31] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Every-Minister A Hero

[32] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Legal Abortion: Is It Good for Christians?

[33] " CHRISTIPEDIA™" – Southern Baptists Dying: WHY?

[34] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Satan’s TOP-TEN Greatest-Lies! Do You Believe Any?

[35] “BIBLIPEDIA™" –Truth Test-3 Questions For Christians

[36] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – Evangelicals Call for Government School Exodus!

[37] “BIBLIPEDIA™" - "Hall of Faith" Christian Activist Ministers, 20th Cent."

[38] “BIBLIPEDIA™" –The Early Christian-Church Outlaws Homosexuality!

[39] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – PREACHERS! Do You Know About PULPIT FREEDOM SUNDAY?

[40] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – GOD-GIVEN Rights, Guaranteed in Bible: Called “Civil & Human” Rights

[41] “BIBLIPEDIA™" - "Rush Limbaugh Quotes" on Christ and Christianity!

[42] “BIBLIPEDIA™" - "TALK-RADIO REPUBLICANS, "Republican Power and Catholics!"

[43] “BIBLIPEDIA™" - "GREAT COMMISSION MANDATE!" Some Sobering Questions;

[44] “BIBLIPEDIA™" - "Hall of Faith" Christian Activist Ministers 20th Century"

[45] “BIBLIPEDIA™" –The Early Christian-Church Outlaws Homosexuality!

[46] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – PREACHERS! Do You Know About PULPIT FREEDOM SUNDAY?

[47] “BIBLIPEDIA™" – GOD-GIVEN Rights Guaranteed in Bible: Called “Civil & Human” Rights

[48] “BIBLIPEDIA™" - "Rush Limbaugh Quotes" on Christ and Christianity!

[49] “BIBLIPEDIA™" - "TALK-RADIO REPUBLICANS, "Republican Power and Catholics!"

[50] “AMERIPEDIA™" - George Washington Used 30-THEOLOGICAL TERMS, 3000 Times!

[**] Why to UNINCORPORATE your Church BEFORE it's TOO LATE!

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REMEMBER!
Simply Move Your "ARROW" over any Scripture Reference
Scripture will appear in TWO VERSIONS: KJV & YOUNG'S LITERAL)!

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    Will You Take "THE BIBLE PLEDGE?"

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    Many Thousands Already Have: And GOD is "Keeping Track!"

        (Please don't be Apathetic about God's Authority...

        We are NOT asking your name - just "CLICK!" - But we DO want Legislators to KNOW. . .

        . . . that Scores of Thousands of Bible Christians and Ministers . . . WILL NOT VOTE for Politicians . . .who are AGAINST the AUTHORITY of GOD'S WORD!)

        Just read pledge and "CLICK!" - THAT'S IT! In 5-seconds . . .you'll be right back here as you were. Thank you tremendously, and we will publish results of Legislators' Response for 2012 Election!

      "BIBLE PLEDGE!"

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            *HIS ULTIMATE TRUTH!

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            *HIGHEST AUTHORITY on Earth!

          As I UNDERSTAND the BIBLE,

            >> I will Not knowingly 'VOTE' for,

            >> Those who are AGAINST the Authority of God's Word;,

            >> Those who do not want to Base Our Laws upon God's Word!

            >> For me, "BIBLE is more important than PARTY!"

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    Many Fine Bible Scholars seem unaware,
    Of Christ's Great Parable covering the whole Church Age,
    From His Sowing First Seed to His Great End-Time Harvest of Souls!
    And Final Judgment of the Unsaved and their Damnation;
    To Christ’s Presence with us and The Eternal Kingdom!

    (See Greatest Parable on End of Times!)

    Christ’s Greatest Parable on End of Times: Brief Overview

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    Cambridge Theological Seminary Resources

    The "NEW INTERNATIONAL STANDARD SERIES™"
    Featuring

    NEWTONSTEIN "STUDENTS-N-SCHOLARS"

    All Are Key-Word - Color-Coded Editions;

    "NEW INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BIBLE™"

    "NEW INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BIBLE DICTIONARY™"

    "NEW INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BIBLE CONCORDANCE™"

    "NEW INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BIBLE ENCYCLOPEDIA™"

    "NEW INTERNATIONAL STANDARD GREEK/HEBREW LEXICON™"

    "NEW INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BIBLE 'KEY-WORD' DICTIONARY™"

    All With Inspired-Inerrant View of Scripture!

    By Cambridge Theological Seminary;

    Believing that "TRUTH is DIVINE - NOT POLITICALLY CORRECT!"

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    Simply Move Your "ARROW" over any Scripture Reference
    Wait three Seconds and the Scripture will appear!

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    If you believe God's Word as Stated Above:
    Probably!
    (CLICK FOR FREE EVALUATION!)

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    FOXES HISTORIC-CLASSIC "BOOK OF MARTYRS!"

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    John Foxe

    This may be the MOST IMPORTANT Book Ever Written!
    WHY?
    Apostle Paul Said, "Ye may have 10,000 Instructors in Christ, but
    ONLY ONE who leads you to Christ (as Spiritual Father) 1 Cor 4:15

    LIKEWISE: "10,000 books may Instruct you in Christ, but
    But CONTINUAL Reading About Martyrs KEEPS THE HEART ON FIRE!

    Foxes Book is simply "HEBREWS 11 CONTINUED!" God's Heroes' Stories!

    BRIEFS: MODERN MARTYRS (COLUMBINE!)
    These Girls Shot/Died for Faith in Christ!
    (CLICK PICTURES)

    PERPETUA-PHOTO.jpg KACEY-RUEGSEGGER-COLUMBINE-VICTIM CASSIE-BERNALL-COLUMBINE-MARTYR-PHOTO Anna-Charboniere-Tortured-LARGE RACHEL-JOY-SCOTT-COLUMBINE-MARTYR-Book-PHOTO VALEEN-SCHNURR-COLUMBINE-VICTIM-PHOTO CASSIE-BERNALL-COLUMBINE-GRADUATE-PHOTO
    Perpetua, K. Rueggsegger, C. Bernall, A. Charboniere,R. Scott, V. Schnurr, Cassie!

    "NewtonStein for “Students-N-Scholars!”
    Key-Word - Color-Coded Editions;

    From "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Scriptural Position!

    Eight Volumes;
    Covers 2,000 Years+;
    Reviews THOUSANDS of Martyrs!

    Each Number Represents THAT CENTURY! (1=1st Century, 2= 2nd Century,)
    OT=Old Testament BT=Between Testaments, NT=New Testament
    A=Abortion, J=Jewish Holocaust, H=Homosexual Killers, M=Muslims

    FOXES BOOK of MARTYRS: PREFACE

    FOXES BOOK of MARTYRS: JOHN FOXE BIO

    |OT|BT|NT|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|10|11|
    |12|13|14|15|16|17|18|19|20|21|A|J|H|M|

    (Please see the Martyrs Home Pages for Amazing In-Depth Stories)

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    NEW INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BIBLE "DICTIONARY™"

    "NewtonStein for “Students-N-Scholars!”
    Key-Word - Color-Coded Editions;

    Most Comprehensive Singular Bible Dictionary
    By Dr. William Smith, UNABRIDGED, Annotated by NewtonStein
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    Dr. William Smith

    Approx 4,400 Word Entries;
    Approx 12,000 Standard Pages;
    Approx 150,000 Scripture References;

    From "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Scriptural Position!
    |A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|
    |N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X-Y|Z|
    (One of the ALL-TIME Greatest Works of Biblical Scholarship!

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    NEW INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BIBLE DICTIONARY™
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    Dr. William Smith

    “RESEARCHER'S VERSION” - ALL ON ONE WEB PAGE;
    Key-Word - Color-Coded Editions;
    (Our Most Popular Bible Dictionary!)

    Approx 4,400 Word Entries;
    Approx 12,000 Standard Pages;
    Approx 150,000 Scripture References;

    From "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Scriptural Position!

    Each Webpage Volume over 3,000 Pages!

    LETTERS 'A-F' LETTERS 'G-J'
    LETTERS 'K-Q' LETTERS 'R-Z'

    Dr. Smith’s Original Preface

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    Smith-Cambridge Concise Bible Dictionary™
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    Dr. William Smith

    Edited and Annotated by NewtonStein,
    SMITH'S: Greatest Singular Bible Dictionary in History!

    by Cambridge Theological Seminary™

    All NewtonStein: INSPIRED-INERRANT Scriptural View!

    Cambridge Smith-NewtonStein Concise Bible Dictionary "A thru Z"

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    Cambridge-Cruden Complete Concordance
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    Dr. Alexander Cruden

    Dr. Cruden Finished the First Complete Bible Concordance!

    The "IDEA" of a concordance began in 1100's. Bible Scholars worked for 600 years;
    Sometimes working in groups; some as lone Ministers;
    Often spending "ALL" their spare time for their "LIFETIME!"

    Alexander Cruden, an extremely dedicated Scholar,
    finally got it FINISHED - about the time George Washington was born (1730's)

    [NOTE: It would take one person - all day, six-days a week - 1500 YEARS,
    To complete the Exhaustive Concordance!
    LET'S APPRECIATE IT!

    Cambridge-Cruden's Complete Bible CONCORDANCE

    |A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|
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    Learn About the Dedicated Alexander Cruden;
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    Dr. Alexander Cruden

    Cruden Devoted His Whole Life to Christian Scholarship!

    Alexander Cruden 'Man of God' BRIEF-BIO, PART-1 - Completed First Concordance

    Alexander Cruden 'Man of God' BRIEF-BIO, PART-2 - Bizarre Situation

    Alexander Cruden: 200 Names and Titles of Jesus, 200 Names for God's People, with Scriptural References

    Summary of Each Chapter of Each Bible Book by ALEXANDER CRUDEN


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    Cambridge Orthodox™ Bible Dictionary

    All Are Key-Word - Color-Coded Editions;

    To help Understand Orthodox and Catholic Thinking;

    Developed over 1,200 Years: Published in 1800's;

    From an ABSOLUTE-INSPIRED Scriptural Position!

    INDEX OF CAMBRIDGE ORTHODOX BIBLE DICTIONARY ENTRIES

    |A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|
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    Cambridge Comprehensive Bible "ENCYCLOPEDIA"™
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    Dr. James Orr, Compiler

    "NewtonStein Edited for “Students-N-Scholars!”
    "Key-Word - Color-Coded Edition"

    Most Extensive Work of Biblical Scholarship of ALL-TIME
    International Standard, UNABRIDGED, Annotated by NewtonStein

    Approx 16,000 Std Pages;
    Approx 12,500 Major Entries;
    Approx 200,000 Scripture References;

    From "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Scriptural Position!

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    The "New International STANDARD Bible"™
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    Dr. Noah Webster

    Is Basically Webster's Bible, which Corrects KJV as Follows:
    Replaces VULGAR words 'whor_', 'a_s', 'bas_ard', 'pi_s, etc.,

    Do you use a Bible with VULGAR LANGUAGE?

    If So, "WHY?"

    Noah Webster Devoted His Whole Life to Ministry Scholarship!

    SCRIPTIPEDIA!™ Noah Webster: Preface to His KJV REVISION, PART-1

    SCRIPTIPEDIA!™ Noah Webster: His Actual Changes to the KJV Bible, PART-2

    SCRIPTIPEDIA!™ Noah Webster: His Actual Changes to the KJV Bible, PART-3

    SCRIPTIPEDIA!™ Noah Webster: His Actual Changes to the KJV Bible, PART-4

    SCRIPTIPEDIA!™ Noah Webster: His Actual Changes to the KJV Bible, PART-5

    SCRIPTIPEDIA!™ Noah Webster: His Actual Changes to the KJV Bible, SUMMARY

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    Read About "Founding Father" Noah Webster

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    Dr. Noah Webster

    Served under Washington in American Revolution
    Webster was asked by Washington to do this Dictionary!

    Webster: Master of 20 Languages! Fluent in 7 More!
    Noah Webster: The Greatest Linguistics Scholar ever!

    Webster's Great Treatise on Origins of Language: Preface to Dictionary

    Noah Webster: The "Father of American Scholarship!"

    Noah Webster: Brief Bio of an American Founding Father!

    Webster's 1828-1841 Original Dictionary,

    With Annotations By NewtonStein;
    "Key-Word - Color-Coded Edition"
    One of the ALL-TIME Greatest Works of Scholarship!

    |A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|
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    Dictionary of the “King James Bible Era”
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    King James (QUEEN JAMES?) KJV Bible;

    King James, "Bisexual", was buried with male lover, not his wife!
    Please don't try to understand the “KJV” Bible,
    Using An English Dictionary 400 years Newer!

    (All Entries “A-Z” on One Webpage for Research Convenience!)

    Dictionary of the “King James Bible Era: 2,600 Entries
    ITALICIZED Words in the KING JAMES BIBLE
    Why Noah Webster REVISED the King James Bible: VULGAR LANGUAGE

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    Dictionary of “Puritan-Pilgrim Era”
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    John Calvin, Geneva Bible Notes;

    Considered by many to be most "impacting" Theologian of Reformation!
    Pleas Don't try to Understand the Pilgrims' “GENEVA BIBLE”
    Using a Dictionary Nearly 500 years Newer!

    (All Entries “A-Z” on One Webpage for Research Convenience!)

    Dictionary of Puritan-Pilgrims: “The Geneva Bible Era:" 1550-1650
    The GENEVA BIBLE: Bible of the Puritans-Pilgrims
    The GENEVA Puritans-Pilgrims BIBLE Background: (Brief)

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    Dictionary of William Shakespeare
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    William Shakespeare

    Most Referenced Singular Author of All Time!
    Considered the Greatest Master of English for Nearly 5 Centuries!
    Considered also to be a Profound, "Informal" Theologian!
    Used over 2,000 Bible References in his works: AMAZING!

    (All Entries “A-Z” on One Webpage for Research Convenience!)

    Dictionary of the “King James Bible Era"
    William Shakespeare: His Beliefs of Christianity!
    Shakespeare REFERENCED BIBLE 2,000 Times! (The Most of all Writers)

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    "God's Goals"

    For This World!

    Does God Achieve His Goals?
    OR, does Satan achieve his goals?

    (All Teaching and Commentary from "INSPIRED-INERRANT!" View of Scripture!)

    THE MOST IMPORTANT "3-QUESTION QUIZ" - EVER!

      The Adversary’s Goals:

      SCRIPTURE: "The ‘Devil’ ... walketh about seeking whom he may DEVOUR."   1 Pet 5:8

      SCRIPTURE: "The ‘Thief’ (Devil) cometh not, but for to steal, to kill and to DESTROY." John 10:10

        QUESTION: Do you Believe the Devil Succeeds?___ Or Fails?___

      God the Father’s Goals:

      SCRIPTURE: "For God sent NOT His Son into the world TO CONDEMN the world, but that THE WORLD though Him might BE SAVED! John 3:16 John 3:17

      SCRIPTURE: "Beloved, be NOT ignorant of this ONE THING, ...The Lord is... NOT WILLING that ANYshould perish, but that ALL should come to REPENTANCE. 2 Pet 3:9

        QUESTION: Do you Believe Father God Succeeds?___ Or Fails?___

      God the Son’s Goals:

      SCRIPTURE: "For the Son of Man is come to seek and to SAVE that which is lost!" Luk 19:10 "For I came NOT to judge the world, but to SAVE the world. John 12:47

      SCRIPTURE: "And I, if I be lifted up from the Earth, I WILL DRAW ALL men unto Me." John 12:32

        QUESTION: Do you Believe God the Son (Jesus Christ): Succeeds?___ Or Fails?___ center>

      God the Spirit’s Goals:

      SCRIPTURE: Jesus declares: "'I ’WILL’' send Him (Holy Spirit) unto you, and when He is come 'He ’WILL’' testify of Me: John 14:26

      SCRIPTURE: "He ’WILL’ reprove the world [convict, convince, correct] of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment: John 16:7

      SCRIPTURE: (1)Of Sin, because they believe not on me; ... (2) Of Righteousness, because I go to my Father; ...(3)Of Judgment, because the 'Prince of this World' IS JUDGED![A] John 16:8-10

        QUESTION: Do you believe God the Spirit Succeeds?___ Or Fails?___

        Who Achieves STATED GOALS? GODHEAD or Satan?

        If you believe

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      The "Inerrant Word of God!" Declares

        "These things have I WRITTEN unto you who BELIEVE,
        THAT YE MAY KNOW that ye have Eternal Life." 1 John 5:13

        So How Can We Know?

        Dearest Visitor!
        People PRAY 'ROUND-THE-CLOCK' for ALL who VISIT THIS PAGE!
        We BEG of YOU - TODAY - to "M-E-M-O-R-I-Z-E!" this SCRIPTURE!

        "These things have I written unto you who BELIEVE,
        THAT YE MAY KNOW That ye HAVE ETERNAL LIFE!" 1 John 5:13

        Let's Break it Down!
        "These things have I WRITTEN (Absolute, Unchangable Forever!)
        Unto You who BELIEVE, (BELIEVE! Plus Nothing! Minus Nothing!)
        THAT YE MAY K-N-O-W! (NOT 'Hope', 'Wish', 'Think', 'Suppose', etc.,)
        That ye HAVE! (NOT "WILL HAVE"...SOMEDAY! But HAVE NOW!)
        Eternal Life!"(You "Receive" Christ, He comes into Your HEART PROMISING!
        "I WILL NEVER LEAVE YOU NOR FORSAKE YOU!" Heb 13:5

        YOU invite Christ in; HE GUARANTEES: "I WILL NEVER LEAVE'!" IT'S SETTLED!

      FACT!
      You know "IF" you believe that Jesus Christ died on the Cross:
      For the sins of all humanity! (Including your own!);

      FACT!
      "IF" You BELIEVE You have ETERNAL LIFE NOW! For SURE! For EVER!

      PLEASE CLICK IF YOU BELIEVE WE CAN "KNOW"
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      CAESAR NERO;

      AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY, BIO;

      (All NewtonStein "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible View!)

        AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT THESIS, TOPIC: Caesar Nero, he of who all Romans exclaimed: "CAESAR IS LORD!" and the Reply was "THE LORD IS CAESAR!"

        Jesus directly confronted this Roman Caesar Worship and claims by taking these two phrases Word-for-Word and applying them to himself!

        CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING   CAESAR-NERO-ROME-PHOTO-BUST AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

        Caesar Nero, Roman Emperor!

        FOXE'S BOOK of MARTYRS, CLASSIC, CH-2, ROMANS--AD-60-310

      CAESAR NERO, AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY: BRIEF-BIO

        Nero 6th Emperor of the Roman Empire

        Julius, Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Clausius, Nero, Vespesian, Titus;

        Bust of Nero at the Musei Capitolini, Rome

        Reign 13 October 54 – 9 June 68 (13 years, 240 days)Full name Birth to adoption: Lucius Domitius AhenobarbusAdoption to accession: Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus GermanicusAs Emperor: Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus GermanicusBorn 15 December 37Birthplace Antium, Italy

        Died 9 June 68 (aged 30)Place of death outside Rome

        Buried Mausoleum of the Domitii Ahenobarbi, Pincian Hill, Rome

        Predecessor Claudius

        Successor Galba

        Consort to Claudia Octavia, Poppaea Sabina, Statilia Messalina

        Offspring Claudia Augusta

        Father Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus

        Mother Agrippina the Younger

        The most notable Nero, full name: Domitus Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus;[1] December 15, AD-37 and died by his own hand on June, 9, AD-68) after killing Peter and Paul. 2]

        Caesar Nero was Roman Emperor from 54 to 68, and the last in the Julio-Claudian dynasty.

        Nero was adopted by his great-uncle Claudius to become his heir and successor, and succeeded to the throne in 54 following Claudius' death. During his reign, Nero focused much of his attention on diplomacy, trade, and enhancing the cultural life of the Empire.

        He ordered theaters built and promoted athletic games. During his reign, the redoubtable general Corbulo conducted a successful war and negotiated peace with the Parthian Empire. His general Suetonius Paulinus crushed a revolt in Britain and also annexed the Bosporan Kingdom to the Empire, beginning the First Roman–Jewish War.

        In 64, most of Rome was destroyed in the Great Fire of Rome, which many Romans believed Nero himself had started in order to clear land for his planned palatial complex, the Domus Aurea. In 68, the rebellion of Vindex in Gaul and later the acclamation of Galba in Hispania drove Nero from the throne. Facing

        assassination, he committed suicide on 9 June 68.[3] His death ended the Julio-Claudian Dynasty, sparking a brief period of civil wars known as the Year of the Four Emperors. Nero's rule is often associated with tyranny and extravagance.[4]

        He is known for many executions, including those of his mother[5] and the probable murder by poison of his stepbrother, Britannicus.He is infamously known as the Emperor who "fiddled while Rome burned", although this is now considered an inaccurate rumor,[6] and as an early persecutor of Christians. He was known for having captured Christians burned in his garden at night for a source of light.

        This view is based on the writings of Tacitus, Suetonius, and Cassius Dio, the main surviving sources for Nero's reign. Few surviving sources paint Nero in a favorable light.[7]

        Some sources, though, including some mentioned above, portray him as an emperor who was popular with the common Roman people, especially in the East.[8]

        The study of Nero is problematic as some modern historians question the reliability of ancient sources when reporting on Nero's tyrannical acts.[9]Contents [hide] Early life - Roman imperial dynasties - Julio-Claudian dynasty

        ChronologyAugustus27 BC – 14 AD

        Tiberius14 AD – 37 AD

        Caligula37 AD – 41 AD

        Claudius41 AD – 54 AD

        Nero 54 AD – 68 AD

        FamilyGens JuliaGens ClaudiaJulio-Claudian family treeCategory:Julio-Claudian dynasty

        SuccessionPreceded byRoman RepublicFollowed byYear of the Four Emperors

        FamilySee also: Roman Emperors family treeLucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, the future Nero, was born on 15 December 37 in Antium, near Rome.[10][11] He was the only son of Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus and Agrippina the Younger, sister of Emperor Caligula.

        Nero's father Gnaeus was the son of Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus (consul 16 BC) and Antonia Major. Gnaeus was thus the grandson of Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus (consul 32 BC) and probably Aemilia Lepida on his father's side, and the grandson of Mark Antony and Octavia Minor on his mother's side.

        Thus, Nero had as his paternal grandmother Antonia Maior, and also claimed more remote descent from Antonia Minor as a great-grandson—later grandson after Claudius adopted him.

        Through Octavia, Nero was the grandnephew of Caesar Augustus. Nero's father had been employed as a praetor and was a member of Caligula's staff when the latter traveled to the East (some apparently think Suetonius refers to Augustus' adopted son Gaius Caesar here, but this is not likely).[12]

        Nero's father was described by Suetonius as a murderer and a cheat who was charged by Emperor Tiberius with treason, adultery, and incest.[12] Tiberius died, allowing him to escape these charges.[12] Nero's father died of edema ("dropsy") in 39 when Nero was two.[12]

        Nero's mother was Agrippina the Younger, a great-granddaughter of Caesar Augustus and his wife Scribonia through their daughter Julia the Elder and her husband Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa.

        Agrippina's father, Germanicus, was a grandson of Augustus's wife, Livia, on one side and to Mark Antony and Octavia on the other. Germanicus' mother Antonia Minor, was a daughter of Octavia Minor and Mark Antony.

        Octavia was Augustus' elder sister. Germanicus was also the adopted son of Tiberius. Agrippina poisoned her second husband Passienus Crispus, so many ancient historians also accuse her of murdering her third husband, the emperor Claudius.[13]

        Rise to powerNero was not expected to become Emperor because his maternal uncle, Caligula, had begun his reign at the age of 25 with enough time to produce his own heir. Nero's mother, Agrippina, lost favor with Caligula and was exiled in 39 after her husband's death.[14]

        Caligula seized Nero's inheritance and sent him to be raised by his less wealthy aunt, Domitia Lepida, who was the mother of Valeria Messalina, Claudius's third wife.[11]Caligula, his wife Caesonia and their infant daughter Julia Drusilla were murdered on 24 January 41.[15]

        These events led Claudius, Caligula's uncle, to become emperor.[16] Claudius allowed Agrippina to return from exile.[11]

        Coin issued under Claudius celebrating young Nero as the future emperor, c. 50

        Claudius had married twice before marrying Valeria Messalina.[17]

        His previous marriages produced three children including a son, Drusus, who died at a young age.[18] He had two children with Messalina – Claudia Octavia (b. 40) and Britannicus (b. 41).[18]

        Messalina was executed by Claudius in the year 48.[17] In 49, Claudius married a fourth time, to Nero's mother Agrippina.[18] To aid Claudius politically, young Nero was adopted in 50 and took the name Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus (see adoption in Rome).[19]

        Nero was older than his stepbrother Britannicus, and thus became heir to the throne.[20]Nero was proclaimed an adult in 51 at the age of 14.[21]

        He was appointed proconsul, entered and first addressed the Senate, made joint public appearances with Claudius, and was featured in coinage.[21] In 53, he married his stepsister Claudia Octavia.[22]

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      CAESAR NERO;

      AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY, BIO;

      (All NewtonStein "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible View!)

        AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT THESIS, TOPIC: Caesar Nero, he of who all Romans exclaimed: "CAESAR IS LORD!" and the Reply was "THE LORD IS CAESAR!"

        Jesus directly confronted this Roman Caesar Worship and claims by taking these two phrases Word-for-Word and applying them to himself!

        CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING   CAESAR-NERO-ROME-PHOTO-BUST AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

        Caesar Nero, Roman Emperor!

        FOXE'S BOOK of MARTYRS, CLASSIC, CH-2, ROMANS--AD-60-310

      CAESAR NERO, AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY: BRIEF-BIO

        Emperor Early rule

        Aureus of Nero and his mother, Agrippina, c. 54.Claudius died in 54 and Nero, taking the name Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus, was established as Emperor. Though accounts vary, many ancient historians state Agrippina poisoned Claudius.[13]

        According to Pliny the Elder, she used poison mushrooms.[23] It is not known how much Nero knew or if he was even involved in the death of Claudius.[24]

        Suetonius wrote "...for even if he was not the instigator of the emperor's death, he was at least privy to it, as he openly admitted; for he used afterwards to laud mushrooms, the vehicle in which the poison was administered to Claudius, as "the food of the gods," as the Greek proverb has it.

        At any rate, after Claudius's death he vented on him every kind of insult, in act and word, charging him now with folly and now with cruelty; for it was a favourite joke of his to say that Claudius had ceased "to play the fool among mortals, lengthening the first syllable of the word morari, and he disregarded many of his decrees and acts as the work of a madman and a dotard.

        Finally, he neglected to enclose the place where his body was burned except with a low and mean wall."[25]

        Nero became Emperor at 17 when the news of Claudius' death was made known,[26][27] the youngest emperor until that time.[28] Ancient historians describe Nero's early reign as being strongly influenced by his mother Agrippina, his tutor Lucius Annaeus Seneca, and the Praetorian Prefect Sextus Afranius Burrus, especially in the first year.[29] Other tutors were less often mentioned, such as Alexander of Aegae.[30]

        Very early in Nero's rule, problems arose from competition for influence between Agrippina and Nero's two main advisers, Seneca and Burrus.

        Seneca and Nero, after Eduardo Barrón, Cordoba, Spain.In 54, Agrippina tried to sit down next to Nero while he met with an Armenian envoy, but Seneca stopped her and prevented a scandalous scene[31] (as it was unimaginable at that time for a woman to be in the same room as men doing official business). Nero's friends also mistrusted Agrippina and told Nero to beware of his mother.[32]

        Nero was reportedly unsatisfied with his marriage to Octavia and entered into an affair with Claudia Acte, a former slave.[33]

        In 55, Agrippina attempted to intervene in favor of Octavia and demanded that her son dismiss Acte. Nero, with the support of Seneca, resisted the intervention of his mother in his personal affairs.[34]

        With Agrippina's influence over her son severed, she reportedly began pushing for Britannicus, Nero's stepbrother, to become emperor.[34] Nearly fifteen-year-old Britannicus, heir-designate prior to Nero's adoption, was still legally a minor, but was approaching legal adulthood.[34]

        According to Tacitus, Agrippina hoped that with her support, Britannicus, being the blood son of Claudius, would be seen as the true heir to the throne by the state over Nero.[34]

        However, the youth died suddenly and suspiciously on 12 February 55, the very day before his proclamation as an adult had been set.[35] Nero claimed that Britannicus died from an epileptic seizure, but ancient historians all claim Britannicus' death came from Nero's poisoning him.

        Supposedly, he enlisted the services of Locusta, a woman who specialized in the manufacture of poisons. She devised a mixture to kill Britannicus, but after testing it unsuccessfully on a slave, Nero angrily threatened to have her put to death if she did not come up with something usable.

        Locusta then devised a new concoction that she promised would "kill swifter than a viper." Her promise was fulfilled after Britannicus consumed it at a dinner party and succumbed within minutes.[36]

        After the death of Britannicus, Agrippina was accused of slandering Octavia and Nero ordered her out of the imperial residence.[37]

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      CAESAR NERO;

      AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY, BIO;

      (All NewtonStein "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible View!)

        AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT THESIS, TOPIC: Caesar Nero, he of who all Romans exclaimed: "CAESAR IS LORD!" and the Reply was "THE LORD IS CAESAR!"

        Jesus directly confronted this Roman Caesar Worship and claims by taking these two phrases Word-for-Word and applying them to himself!

        CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING   CAESAR-NERO-ROME-PHOTO-BUST AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

        Caesar Nero, Roman Emperor!

        FOXE'S BOOK of MARTYRS, CLASSIC, CH-2, ROMANS--AD-60-310

      CAESAR NERO, AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY: BRIEF-BIO

        Matricide and consolidation of power

        Coin of Nero and Poppaea SabinaOver time, Nero became progressively more powerful, freeing himself of his advisers and eliminating rivals to the throne. In 55, he removed Marcus Antonius Pallas, an ally of Agrippina, from his position in the treasury.[34]

        Pallas, along with Burrus, was accused of conspiring against the Emperor to bring Faustus Sulla to the throne.[38] Seneca was accused of having relations with Agrippina and embezzlement.[39] Seneca succeeded in having himself, Pallas and Burrus acquitted.[39]

        According to Cassius Dio, at this time, Seneca and Burrus reduced their role in governing from careful management to mere moderation of Nero.[40]

        In 58, Nero became romantically involved with Poppaea Sabina, the wife of his friend and future emperor Otho.[41] Reportedly because a marriage to Poppaea and a divorce from Octavia did not seem politically feasible with Agrippina alive, Nero ordered the murder of his mother in 59.[42]

        A number of modern historians find this an unlikely motive as Nero did not marry Poppaea until 62 .[43]

        Additionally, according to Suetonius, Poppaea did not divorce her husband until after Agrippina's death, making it unlikely that the already married Poppaea would be pressing Nero for marriage.[44]

        Some modern historians theorize that Nero's execution of Agrippina was prompted by her plotting to set Rubellius Plautus on the throne.[45] According to Suetonius, Nero tried to kill his mother through a planned shipwreck, which took the life of her friend, Acerronia Polla, but when Agrippina survived, he had her executed and framed it as a suicide.[46] The incident is also recorded by Tacitus.[47]

        The Remorse of the Emperor Nero after the Murder of his Mother, by John William Waterhouse, 1878.In 62, Nero's adviser, Burrus, died.[48] Additionally, Seneca was again faced with embezzlement charges.[49] Seneca asked Nero for permission to retire from public affairs.[50] Nero divorced and banished Octavia on grounds of infertility, leaving him free to marry the pregnant Poppaea.[51]

        After public protests, Nero was forced to allow Octavia to return from exile,[51] but she was executed shortly after her return.[52]

        Nero also was reported to have kicked Poppaea to death in 65 before she could have his second child.[53] However, modern historians, noting Suetonius, Tacitus and Cassius Dio's possible bias against Nero and the likelihood that they did not have eyewitness accounts of private events, postulate that Poppaea may have died because of complications of miscarriage or childbirth.[54]

        Accusations of treason being plotted against Nero and the Senate first appeared in 62.[55] The Senate ruled that Antistius, a praetor, should be put to death for speaking ill of Nero at a party. Later, Nero ordered the exile of Fabricius Veiento who slandered the Senate in a book.[56]

        Tacitus writes that the roots of the conspiracy led by Gaius Calpurnius Piso began in this year. To consolidate power, Nero executed a number of people in 62 and 63 including his rivals Pallas, Rubellius Plautus and Faustus Sulla.[57]

        According to Suetonius, Nero "showed neither discrimination nor moderation in putting to death whomsoever he pleased" during this period.[58]

        Nero's consolidation of power also included a slow usurping of authority from the Senate. In 54, Nero promised to give the Senate powers equivalent to those under Republican rule.[59] By 65, senators complained that they had no power left and this led to the Pisonian conspiracy.[60]

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      CAESAR NERO;

      AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY, BIO;

      (All NewtonStein "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible View!)

        AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT THESIS, TOPIC: Caesar Nero, he of who all Romans exclaimed: "CAESAR IS LORD!" and the Reply was "THE LORD IS CAESAR!"

        Jesus directly confronted this Roman Caesar Worship and claims by taking these two phrases Word-for-Word and applying them to himself!

        CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING   CAESAR-NERO-ROME-PHOTO-BUST AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

        Caesar Nero, Roman Emperor!

        FOXE'S BOOK of MARTYRS, CLASSIC, CH-2, ROMANS--AD-60-310

      CAESAR NERO, AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY: BRIEF-BIO

        Administrative policies

        Coin showing Nero distributing charity to a citizen. c. 64–66Over the course of his reign, Nero often made rulings that pleased the lower class. Nero was criticized as being obsessed with being popular.[61]

        Nero began his reign in 54 by promising the Senate more autonomy.[59] In this first year, he forbade others to refer to him with regard to enactments, for which he was praised by the Senate.[62] Nero was known for spending his time visiting brothels and taverns during this period.[62]

        In 55, Nero began taking on a more active role as an administrator. He was consul four times between 55 and 60. During this period, some ancient historians speak fairly well of Nero and contrast it with his later rule.[63]

        Under Nero, restrictions were put on the amount of bail and fines.[64] Also, fees for lawyers were limited.[65] There was a discussion in the Senate on the misconduct of the freedmen class, and a strong demand was made that patrons should have the right of revoking freedom.[66]

        Nero supported the freedmen and ruled that patrons had no such right.[67]

        The Senate tried to pass a law in which the crimes of one slave applied to all slaves within a household. Despite riots from the people, Nero supported the Senate on their measure, and deployed troops to organise the execution of 400 slaves affected by the law. However, he vetoed strong measures against the freedmen affected by the case.[68]

        After tax collectors were accused of being too harsh to the poor, Nero transferred collection authority to lower commissioners.[64] Nero banned any magistrate or procurator from exhibiting public entertainment for fear that the venue was being used as a method to sway the populace.[69]

        Additionally, there were many impeachments and removals of government officials along with arrests for extortion and corruption.[70] When further complaints arose that the poor were being overly taxed, Nero attempted to repeal all indirect taxes.[71]

        The Senate convinced him this action would bankrupt the public treasury.[71] As a compromise, taxes were cut from 4.5% to 2.5%.[72] Additionally, secret government tax records were ordered to become public.[72]

        To lower the cost of food imports, merchant ships were declared tax-exempt.[72]

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      CAESAR NERO;

      AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY, BIO;

      (All NewtonStein "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible View!)

        AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT THESIS, TOPIC: Caesar Nero, he of who all Romans exclaimed: "CAESAR IS LORD!" and the Reply was "THE LORD IS CAESAR!"

        Jesus directly confronted this Roman Caesar Worship and claims by taking these two phrases Word-for-Word and applying them to himself!

        CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING   CAESAR-NERO-ROME-PHOTO-BUST AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

        Caesar Nero, Roman Emperor!

        FOXE'S BOOK of MARTYRS, CLASSIC, CH-2, ROMANS--AD-60-310

      CAESAR NERO, AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY: BRIEF-BIO

        Nero's abandoned Corinth canal

        In imitation of the Greeks, Nero built a number of gymnasiums and theatres.[73] Enormous gladiatorial shows were also held.[74] Nero also established the quinquennial Neronia.[73][74] The festival included games, poetry, and theater.

        Historians indicate that there was a belief that theatre led to immorality.[73] Others considered that to have performers dressed in Greek clothing was old fashioned.[75] Some questioned the large public expenditure on entertainment.[75]In 64, Rome burned.[76]

        Nero enacted a public relief effort[76] as well as significant reconstruction.[77] A number of other major construction projects occurred in Nero's late reign. Nero had the marshes of Ostia filled with rubble from the fire. He erected the large Domus Aurea.[78]

        In 67, Nero attempted to have a canal dug at the Isthmus of Corinth.[79] Ancient historians state that these projects and others exacerbated the drain on the State's budget.[80]

        The cost to rebuild Rome was immense, requiring funds the state treasury did not have. Nero devalued the Roman currency for the first time in the Empire's history.

        He reduced the weight of the denarius from 84 per Roman pound to 96 (3.85 grams to 3.35 grams). He also reduced the silver purity from 99.5% to 93.5% — the silver weight dropping from 3.83 grams to 3.4 grams. Furthermore, Nero reduced the weight of the aureus from 40 per Roman pound to 45 (8 grams to 7.2 grams).[81]

        Between 62 and 67, according to Plinius the Elder and Seneca, Nero promoted an expedition to discover the sources of the Nile River. It was the first exploration of equatorial Africa from Europe in History.[82] However, Nero's expedition up the Nile failed because water plants had clogged the river, denying Nero's vessels access to the Sudd of Nubia.

        The economic policy of Nero is a point of debate among scholars. According to ancient historians, Nero's construction projects were overly extravagant and the large number of expenditures under Nero left Italy "thoroughly exhausted by contributions of money" with "the provinces ruined."[83][84]

        Modern historians, though, note that the period was riddled with deflation and that it is likely that Nero's spending came in the form of public works projects and charity intended to ease economic troubles.[85]

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      CAESAR NERO;

      AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY, BIO;

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        AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT THESIS, TOPIC: Caesar Nero, he of who all Romans exclaimed: "CAESAR IS LORD!" and the Reply was "THE LORD IS CAESAR!"

        Jesus directly confronted this Roman Caesar Worship and claims by taking these two phrases Word-for-Word and applying them to himself!

        CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING   CAESAR-NERO-ROME-PHOTO-BUST AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

        Caesar Nero, Roman Emperor!

        FOXE'S BOOK of MARTYRS, CLASSIC, CH-2, ROMANS--AD-60-310

      CAESAR NERO, AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY: BRIEF-BIO

        Great Fire of Rome

        The Great Fire of Rome erupted on the night of 18 July to 19 July 64. The fire started at the southeastern end of the Circus Maximus in shops selling flammable goods.[76]

        Sketch of Ancient graffiti portrait of Nero found at the Domus Tiberiana.The extent of the fire is uncertain. According to Tacitus, who was nine at the time of the fire, it spread quickly and burned for over five days.[86] It destroyed three of fourteen Roman districts and severely damaged seven.[86]

        The only other historian who lived through the period and mentioned the fire is Pliny the Elder, who wrote about it in passing.[87]

        Other historians who lived through the period (including Josephus, Dio Chrysostom, Plutarch, and Epictetus) make no mention of it in what remains of their work.

        It is uncertain who or what actually caused the fire — whether accident or arson.[76] Suetonius and Cassius Dio favor Nero as the arsonist, so he could build a palatial complex. Tacitus mentions that Christians confessed to the crime, but it is not known whether these confessions were induced by torture.[88]

        However, accidental fires were common in ancient Rome.[89] In fact, Rome suffered another large fire in 69[90] and in 80.[91]It was said by Suetonius and Cassius Dio that Nero sang the "Sack of Ilium" in stage costume while the city burned.[92]

        Popular legend claims that Nero played the fiddle at the time of the fire, an anachronism based merely on the concept of the lyre, a stringed instrument associated with Nero and his performances. (There were no fiddles in 1st-century Rome.) Tacitus's account, however, has Nero in Antium at the time of the fire.[93]

        Tacitus also said that Nero playing his lyre and singing while the city burned was only rumor.[93]According to Tacitus, upon hearing news of the fire, Nero returned to Rome to organize a relief effort, which he paid for from his own funds.[93]

        Nero's contributions to the relief extended to personally taking part in the search for and rescue of victims of the blaze, spending days searching the debris without even his bodyguards.

        After the fire, Nero opened his palaces to provide shelter for the homeless, and arranged for food supplies to be delivered in order to prevent starvation among the survivors.[93] In the wake of the fire, he made a new urban development plan. Houses after the fire were spaced out, built in brick, and faced by porticos on wide roads.[77]

        Nero also built a new palace complex known as the Domus Aurea in an area cleared by the fire. This included lush artificial landscapes and a 30-meter-tall statue of himself, the Colossus of Nero.[78]

        The size of this complex is debated (from 100 to 300 acres).[94][95][96] To find the necessary funds for the reconstruction, tributes were imposed on the provinces of the empire.[97]

        According to Tacitus, the population searched for a scapegoat and rumors held Nero responsible.[88] To deflect blame, Nero targeted Christians. He ordered Christians to be thrown to dogs, while others were crucified and burned.[88]Tacitus described the event:

        “ Consequently, to get rid of the report, Nero fastened the guilt and inflicted the most exquisite tortures on a class hated for their abominations, called Christians [or Chrestians[98]] by the populace. Christus, from whom the name had its origin, suffered the extreme penalty during the reign of Tiberius at the hands of one of our procurators,

        Pontius Pilatus, and a most mischievous superstition, thus checked for the moment, again broke out not only in Judaea, the first source of the evil, but even in Rome, where all things hideous and shameful from every part of the world find their centre and become popular.

        Accordingly, an arrest was first made of all who pleaded guilty; then, upon their information, an immense multitude was convicted, not so much of the crime of firing the city, as of hatred against mankind.

        Mockery of all sorts was added to their deaths. Covered with the skins of beasts, they were torn by dogs and perished, or were nailed to crosses, or were doomed to the flames and burnt, to serve as a nightly illumination, when daylight had expired.[88]

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      CAESAR NERO;

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        AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT THESIS, TOPIC: Caesar Nero, he of who all Romans exclaimed: "CAESAR IS LORD!" and the Reply was "THE LORD IS CAESAR!"

        Jesus directly confronted this Roman Caesar Worship and claims by taking these two phrases Word-for-Word and applying them to himself!

        CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING   CAESAR-NERO-ROME-PHOTO-BUST AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

        Caesar Nero, Roman Emperor!

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      CAESAR NERO, AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY: BRIEF-BIO

        Public performances

        Nero coin, c. 66. Ara Pacis on the reverse.

        Nero enjoyed driving a one-horse chariot, singing to the lyre, and poetry.[99] He even composed songs that were performed by other entertainers throughout the empire.[100] At first, Nero only performed for a private audience.[101]

        In 64 A.D., Nero began singing in public in Neapolis in order to improve his popularity.[101] He also sang at the second quinquennial Neronia in 65.[102] It was said that Nero craved the attention,[103] but historians also write that Nero was encouraged to sing and perform in public by the Senate, his inner circle and the people.[104] Ancient historians strongly criticize his choice to perform, calling it shameful.[105]

        Nero was convinced to participate in the Olympic Games of 67 in order to improve relations with Greece and display Roman dominance.[106] As a competitor, Nero raced a ten-horse chariot and nearly died after being thrown from it.[107]

        He also performed as an actor and a singer.[108] Though Nero faltered in his racing (in one case, dropping out entirely before the end) and acting competitions,[107] he won these crowns nevertheless and paraded them when he returned to Rome.[107] The victories are attributed to Nero bribing the judges and his status as emperor.[109]

        War and peace with Parthia

        For more details on this topic, see Roman-Parthian War of 58–63.Shortly after Nero's accession to the throne in 55, the Roman vassal kingdom of Armenia overthrew their Iberian prince Rhadamistus and he was replaced with the Parthian prince Tiridates.[110] This was seen as a Parthian invasion of Roman territory.[110] There was concern in Rome over how the young Emperor would handle the situation.[111]

        Nero reacted by immediately sending the military to the region under the command of Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo.[112] The Parthians temporarily relinquished control of Armenia to Rome.[113]

        The peace did not last and full-scale war broke out in 58. The Parthian king Vologases I refused to remove his brother Tiridates from Armenia.[114]

        The Parthians began a full-scale invasion of the Armenian kingdom.[41] Commander Corbulo responded and repelled most of the Parthian army that same year.[115] Tiridates retreated and Rome again controlled most of Armenia.[115]

        Nero was acclaimed in public for this initial victory.[116] Tigranes, a Cappadocian noble raised in Rome, was installed by Nero as the new ruler of Armenia.[117] Corbulo was appointed governor of Syria as a reward.[117]

        The Parthian Empire c. 60. Nero's peace deal with Parthia was a political victory at home and made him beloved in the east.In 62, Tigranes invaded the Parthian province of Adiabene.[118]

        Again, Rome and Parthia were at war and this continued until 63. Parthia began building up for a strike against the Roman province of Syria.[119]

        Corbulo tried to convince Nero to continue the war, but Nero opted for a peace deal instead.[120] There was anxiety in Rome about eastern grain supplies and a budget deficit.[121]

        The result was a deal where Tiridates again became the Armenian king, but was crowned in Rome by Emperor Nero.[122] In the future, the king of Armenia was to be a Parthian prince, but his appointment required approval from the Romans. Tiridates was forced to come to Rome and partake in ceremonies meant to display Roman dominance.[76][123]

        This peace deal of 63 was a considerable victory for Nero politically.[124] Nero became very popular in the eastern provinces of Rome and with the Parthians as well.[124] The peace between Parthia and Rome lasted 50 years until Emperor Trajan of Rome invaded Armenia in 114.

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      CHRISTIPEDIA

      CAESAR NERO;

      AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY, BIO;

      (All NewtonStein "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible View!)

        AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT THESIS, TOPIC: Caesar Nero, he of who all Romans exclaimed: "CAESAR IS LORD!" and the Reply was "THE LORD IS CAESAR!"

        Jesus directly confronted this Roman Caesar Worship and claims by taking these two phrases Word-for-Word and applying them to himself!

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        Caesar Nero, Roman Emperor!

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      CAESAR NERO, AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY: BRIEF-BIO

        Other major power struggles and rebellions

        Plaster bust of Nero, Pushkin Museum, Moscow.

        The war with Parthia was not Nero's only major war but he was both criticized and praised for an aversion to battle.[125] Like many emperors, Nero faced a number of rebellions and power struggles within the empire.

        British Revolt of 60–61 (Boudica's Uprising)Further information: Boudicca#Boudica.27s_uprisingIn 60, a major rebellion broke out in the province of Britannia.[126]

        While the governor Gaius Suetonius Paullinus and his troops were busy capturing the island of Mona (Anglesey) from the druids, the tribes of the southeast staged a revolt led by queen Boudica of the Iceni.[127]

        Boudica and her troops destroyed three cities before the army of Paullinus could return, receive reinforcements, and quell the rebellion in 61.[128] Fearing Paullinus himself would provoke further rebellion, Nero replaced him with the more passive Publius Petronius Turpilianus.[129]

        The Pisonian Conspiracy of 65

        In 65, Gaius Calpurnius Piso, a Roman statesman, organized a conspiracy against Nero with the help of Subrius Flavus and Sulpicius Asper, a tribune and a centurion of the Praetorian Guard.[130]

        According to Tacitus, many conspirators wished to "rescue the state" from the emperor and restore the Republic.[131] The freedman Milichus discovered the conspiracy and reported it to Nero's secretary, Epaphroditos.[132]

        As a result, the conspiracy failed and its members were executed including Lucan, the poet.[133] Nero's previous advisor, Seneca was ordered to commit suicide after admitting he discussed the plot with the conspirators.[134]

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      CAESAR NERO;

      AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY, BIO;

      (All NewtonStein "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible View!)

        AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT THESIS, TOPIC: Caesar Nero, he of who all Romans exclaimed: "CAESAR IS LORD!" and the Reply was "THE LORD IS CAESAR!"

        Jesus directly confronted this Roman Caesar Worship and claims by taking these two phrases Word-for-Word and applying them to himself!

        CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING   CAESAR-NERO-ROME-PHOTO-BUST AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

        Caesar Nero, Roman Emperor!

        FOXE'S BOOK of MARTYRS, CLASSIC, CH-2, ROMANS--AD-60-310

      CAESAR NERO, AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY: BRIEF-BIO

        The First Jewish War of 66–70

        In 66, there was a Jewish revolt in Judea stemming from Greek and Jewish religious tension.[135] In 67, Nero dispatched Vespasian to restore order.[136] This revolt was eventually put down in 70, after Nero's death.[137]

        This revolt is famous for Romans breaching the walls of Jerusalem and destroying the Second Temple of Jerusalem.[138][edit] The revolt of Vindex and Galba and the death of Nero

        Marble bust of Nero, Antiquarium of the Palatine.

        Alleged Tomb of Nero

        In March 68, Gaius Julius Vindex, the governor of Gallia Lugdunensis, rebelled against Nero's tax policies.[139][140] Lucius Verginius Rufus, the governor of Germania Superior, was ordered to put down Vindex's rebellion.[141]

        In an attempt to gain support from outside his own province, Vindex called upon Servius Sulpicius Galba, the governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, to join the rebellion and further, to declare himself emperor in opposition to Nero.[142] At the Battle of Vesontio in May 68, Verginius' forces easily defeated those of Vindex and the latter committed suicide.[141]

        However, after putting down this one rebel, Verginius' legions attempted to proclaim their own commander as Emperor. Verginius refused to act against Nero, but the discontent of the legions of Germany and the continued opposition of Galba in Spain did not bode well for Nero.

        While Nero had retained some control of the situation, support for Galba increased despite his being officially declared a public enemy.

        The prefect of the Praetorian Guard, Gaius Nymphidius Sabinus, also abandoned his allegiance to the Emperor and came out in support for Galba.

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      CAESAR NERO;

      AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY, BIO;

      (All NewtonStein "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible View!)

        AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT THESIS, TOPIC: Caesar Nero, he of who all Romans exclaimed: "CAESAR IS LORD!" and the Reply was "THE LORD IS CAESAR!"

        Jesus directly confronted this Roman Caesar Worship and claims by taking these two phrases Word-for-Word and applying them to himself!

        CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING   CAESAR-NERO-ROME-PHOTO-BUST AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

        Caesar Nero, Roman Emperor!

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      CAESAR NERO, AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY: BRIEF-BIO

        In response, Nero fled Rome with the intention of going to the port of Ostia and from there to take a fleet to one of the still-loyal eastern provinces. However, he abandoned the idea when some army officers openly refused to obey his commands, responding with a line from Vergil's Aeneid: "Is it so dreadful a thing then to die?"

        Nero then toyed with the idea of fleeing to Parthia, throwing himself upon the mercy of Galba, or to appeal to the people and beg them to pardon him for his past offences

        "and if he could not soften their hearts, to entreat them at least to allow him the prefecture of Egypt". Suetonius reports that the text of this speech was later found in Nero's writing desk, but that he dared not give it from fear of being torn to pieces before he could reach the Forum.[143]

        Nero returned to Rome and spent the evening in the palace. After sleeping, he awoke at about midnight to find the palace guard had left. Dispatching messages to his friends' palace chambers for them to come, he received no answers. Upon going to their chambers personally, he found them all abandoned.

        When he called for a gladiator or anyone else adept with a sword to kill him, no one appeared. He cried, "Have I neither friend nor foe?" and ran out as if to throw himself into the Tiber.[143]

        Returning, Nero sought for some place where he could hide and collect his thoughts. An imperial freedman offered his villa, located 4 miles outside the city. Travelling in disguise, Nero and four loyal servants reached the villa, where Nero ordered them to dig a grave for him.

        At this time, a courier arrived with a report that the Senate had declared Nero a public enemy and that it was their intention to execute him by beating him to death.

        At this news, Nero prepared himself for suicide. Losing his nerve, he first begged for one of his companions to set an example by first killing himself. At last, the sound of approaching horsemen drove Nero to face the end.

        However he still could not bring himself to take his own life but instead he forced his private secretary, Epaphroditos, to perform the task. Nero's famous last words from this moment are "Qualis artifex pereo" or in English "What an artist dies in me!"When one of the horsemen entered, upon his seeing Nero all but dead he attempted to stop the bleeding in vain. Nero died on 9 June 68.[144] This was the anniversary of the death of Octavia. Nero was buried in the Mausoleum of the Domitii Ahenobarbi, in what is now the Villa Borghese (Pincian Hill) area of Rome.[144]With his death, the Julio-Claudian dynasty ended. Chaos ensued in the Year of the Four Emperors.[90]

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      CAESAR NERO;

      AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY, BIO;

      (All NewtonStein "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible View!)

        AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT THESIS, TOPIC: Caesar Nero, he of who all Romans exclaimed: "CAESAR IS LORD!" and the Reply was "THE LORD IS CAESAR!"

        Jesus directly confronted this Roman Caesar Worship and claims by taking these two phrases Word-for-Word and applying them to himself!

        CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING   CAESAR-NERO-ROME-PHOTO-BUST AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

        Caesar Nero, Roman Emperor!

        FOXE'S BOOK of MARTYRS, CLASSIC, CH-2, ROMANS--AD-60-310

      CAESAR NERO, AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY: BRIEF-BIO

        See also: Nero Redivivus Legend and Pseudo-Nero

        Roman gold coins excavated in Pudukottai, India, examples of Indo-Roman trade and relations during the period. One coin of Caligula (37–41), and two coins of Nero (54–68).

        British Museum.According to Suetonius and Cassius Dio, the people of Rome celebrated the death of Nero.[145][146]

        Tacitus, though, describes a more complicated political environment. Tacitus mentions that Nero's death was welcomed by Senators, nobility and the upper class.[147]

        The lower-class, slaves, frequenters of the arena and the theater, and "those who were supported by the famous excesses of Nero", on the other hand, were upset with the news.[147] Members of the military were said to have mixed feelings, as they had allegiance to Nero, but were bribed to overthrow him.[148]

        Eastern sources, namely Philostratus II and Apollonius of Tyana, mention that Nero's death was mourned as he "restored the liberties of Hellas with a wisdom and moderation quite alien to his character"[149] and that he "held our liberties in his hand and respected them."[150]

        Modern scholarship generally holds that, while the Senate and more well-off individuals welcomed Nero's death, the general populace was "loyal to the end and beyond, for Otho and Vitellius both thought it worthwhile to appeal to their nostalgia."[151]

        Nero's name was erased from some monuments, in what Edward Champlin regards as an "outburst of private zeal".[152] Many portraits of Nero were reworked to represent other figures; according to Eric R. Varner, over fifty such images survive.[153]

        This reworking of images is often explained as part of the way in which the memory of disgraced emperors was condemned posthumously (see damnatio memoriae).[153] Champlin, however, doubts that the practice is necessarily negative and notes that some continued to create images of Nero long after his death.[154]

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      CHRISTIPEDIA

      CAESAR NERO;

      AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY, BIO;

      (All NewtonStein "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible View!)

        AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT THESIS, TOPIC: Caesar Nero, he of who all Romans exclaimed: "CAESAR IS LORD!" and the Reply was "THE LORD IS CAESAR!"

        Jesus directly confronted this Roman Caesar Worship and claims by taking these two phrases Word-for-Word and applying them to himself!

        CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING   CAESAR-NERO-ROME-PHOTO-BUST AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

        Caesar Nero, Roman Emperor!

        FOXE'S BOOK of MARTYRS, CLASSIC, CH-2, ROMANS--AD-60-310

      CAESAR NERO, AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY: BRIEF-BIO

        Apotheosis of Nero, c. after 68. Artwork portraying Nero rising to divine status after his death.

        The civil war during the Year of the Four Emperors was described by ancient historians as a troubling period.[90] According to Tacitus, this instability was rooted in the fact that emperors could no longer rely on the perceived legitimacy of the imperial bloodline, as Nero and those before him could.[147]

        Galba began his short reign with the execution of many allies of Nero and possible future enemies.[155] One such notable enemy included Nymphidius Sabinus, who claimed to be the son of Emperor Caligula.[156]

        Otho overthrew Galba. Otho was said to be liked by many soldiers because he had been a friend of Nero's and resembled him somewhat in temperament.[157] It was said that the common Roman hailed Otho as Nero himself.[158]

        Otho used "Nero" as a surname and reerected many statues to Nero.[158] Vitellius overthrew Otho. Vitellius began his reign with a large funeral for Nero complete with songs written by Nero.[159]

        After Nero's suicide in 68, there was a widespread belief, especially in the eastern provinces, that he was not dead and somehow would return.[160] This belief came to be known as the Nero Redivivus Legend.

        The legend of Nero's return lasted for hundreds of years after Nero's death. Augustine of Hippo wrote of the legend as a popular belief in 422.[161]

        At least three Nero imposters emerged leading rebellions. The first, who sang and played the cithara or lyre and whose face was similar to that of the dead emperor, appeared in 69 during the reign of Vitellius.[162]

        After persuading some to recognize him, he was captured and executed.[162] Sometime during the reign of Titus (79–81), another impostor appeared in Asia and sang to the accompaniment of the lyre and looked like Nero but he, too, was killed.[163]

        Twenty years after Nero's death, during the reign of Domitian, there was a third pretender. Supported by the Parthians, they hardly could be persuaded to give him up[164] and the matter almost came to war.[90]

        [edit] Physical appearanceIn his book "The Lives of the Twelve Caesars", Suetonius describes Nero as "about the average height, his body marked with spots and malodorous, his hair light blond, his features regular rather than attractive, his eyes blue and somewhat weak, his neck over thick, his belly prominent, and his legs very slender."[165]

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      CHRISTIPEDIA

      CAESAR NERO;

      AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY, BIO;

      (All NewtonStein "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible View!)

        AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT THESIS, TOPIC: Caesar Nero, he of who all Romans exclaimed: "CAESAR IS LORD!" and the Reply was "THE LORD IS CAESAR!"

        Jesus directly confronted this Roman Caesar Worship and claims by taking these two phrases Word-for-Word and applying them to himself!

        CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING   CAESAR-NERO-ROME-PHOTO-BUST AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

        Caesar Nero, Roman Emperor!

        FOXE'S BOOK of MARTYRS, CLASSIC, CH-2, ROMANS--AD-60-310

      CAESAR NERO, AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY: BRIEF-BIO

        Historiography

        The history of Nero’s reign is problematic in that no historical sources survived that were contemporary with Nero. These first histories at one time did exist and were described as biased and fantastical, either overly critical or praising of Nero.[166] The original sources were also said to contradict on a number of events.[167]

        Nonetheless, these lost primary sources were the basis of surviving secondary and tertiary histories on Nero written by the next generations of historians.[168] A few of the contemporary historians are known by name.

        Fabius Rusticus, Cluvius Rufus and Pliny the Elder all wrote condemning histories on Nero that are now lost.[169] There were also pro-Nero histories, but it is unknown who wrote them or on what deeds Nero was praised.[170]

        The bulk of what is known of Nero comes from Tacitus, Suetonius and Cassius Dio, who were all of the senatorial class.

        Tacitus and Suetonius wrote their histories on Nero over fifty years after his death, while Cassius Dio wrote his history over 150 years after Nero’s death.

        These sources contradict on a number of events in Nero’s life including the death of Claudius, the death of Agrippina, and the Roman fire of 64, but they are consistent in their condemnation of Nero.

        A handful of other sources also add a limited and varying perspective on Nero. Few surviving sources paint Nero in a favorable light. Some sources, though, portray him as a competent emperor who was popular with the Roman people, especially in the east.

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      CAESAR NERO;

      AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY, BIO;

      (All NewtonStein "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible View!)

        AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT THESIS, TOPIC: Caesar Nero, he of who all Romans exclaimed: "CAESAR IS LORD!" and the Reply was "THE LORD IS CAESAR!"

        Jesus directly confronted this Roman Caesar Worship and claims by taking these two phrases Word-for-Word and applying them to himself!

        CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING   CAESAR-NERO-ROME-PHOTO-BUST AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

        Caesar Nero, Roman Emperor!

        FOXE'S BOOK of MARTYRS, CLASSIC, CH-2, ROMANS--AD-60-310

      CAESAR NERO, AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY: BRIEF-BIO

        Cassius Dio (c. 155–229) was the son of Cassius Apronianus, a Roman senator. He passed the greater part of his life in public service. He was a senator under Commodus and governor of Smyrna after the death of Septimius Severus; and afterwards suffect consul around 205, as also proconsul in Africa and Pannonia.Books 61–63 of Dio's Roman History describe the reign of Nero. Only fragments of these books remain and what does remain was abridged and altered by John Xiphilinus, an 11th century monk.Dio Chrysostom

        Dio Chrysostom (c. 40–120), a Greek philosopher and historian, wrote the Roman people were very happy with Nero and would have allowed him to rule indefinitely. They longed for his rule once he was gone and embraced imposters when they appeared:

        “ Indeed the truth about this has not come out even yet; for so far as the rest of his subjects were concerned, there was nothing to prevent his continuing to be Emperor for all time, seeing that even now everybody wishes he were still alive.

        And the great majority do believe that he still is, although in a certain sense he has died not once but often along with those who had been firmly convinced that he was still alive.[171]”

        Epictetus

        Epictetus (c. 55–135) was the slave to Nero's scribe Epaphroditos. He makes a few passing negative comments on Nero's character in his work, but makes no remarks on the nature of his rule. He describes Nero as a spoiled, angry, and unhappy man.Josephus

        The historian Josephus (c. 37–100) accused other historians of slandering Nero.

        The historian Josephus (c. 37–100), while calling Nero a tyrant, was also the first to mention bias against Nero. Of other historians, he said:

        “ But I omit any further discourse about these affairs; for there have been a great many who have composed the history of Nero; some of which have departed from the truth of facts out of favor, as having received benefits from him; while others, out of hatred to him, and the great ill-will which they bore him, have so impudently raved against him with their lies, that they justly deserve to be condemned.

        Nor do I wonder at such as have told lies of Nero, since they have not in their writings preserved the truth of history as to those facts that were earlier than his time, even when the actors could have no way incurred their hatred, since those writers lived a long time after them.[172]”

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      CAESAR NERO;

      AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY, BIO;

      (All NewtonStein "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible View!)

        AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT THESIS, TOPIC: Caesar Nero, he of who all Romans exclaimed: "CAESAR IS LORD!" and the Reply was "THE LORD IS CAESAR!"

        Jesus directly confronted this Roman Caesar Worship and claims by taking these two phrases Word-for-Word and applying them to himself!

        CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING   CAESAR-NERO-ROME-PHOTO-BUST AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

        Caesar Nero, Roman Emperor!

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      CAESAR NERO, AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY: BRIEF-BIO

        Lucan

        Though more of a poet than historian, Lucanus (c. 39–65) has one of the kindest accounts of Nero's rule. He writes of peace and prosperity under Nero in contrast to previous war and strife. Ironically, he was later involved in a conspiracy to overthrow Nero and was executed.[173]Philostratus

        Philostratus II "the Athenian" (c. 172–250) spoke of Nero in the Life of Apollonius Tyana (Books 4–5). Though he has a generally a bad or dim view of Nero, he speaks of others' positive reception of Nero in the East.Pliny the Elder

        The history of Nero by Pliny the Elder (c. 24–79) did not survive. Still, there are several references to Nero in Pliny's Natural Histories. Pliny has one of the worst opinions of Nero and calls him an "enemy of mankind."[174]Plutarch

        Plutarch (c. 46–127) mentions Nero indirectly in his account of the Life of Galba and the Life of Otho. Nero is portrayed as a tyrant, but those that replace him are not described as better.Seneca the Younger

        It is not surprising that Seneca (c. 4 BEC–65), Nero's teacher and advisor, writes very well of Nero.[175]Suetonius

        Lives of the Twelve CaesarsSuetonius (c. 69–130) was a member of the equestrian order, and he was the head of the department of the imperial correspondence. While in this position, Suetonius started writing biographies of the emperors, accentuating the anecdotal and sensational aspects.Tacitus

        Main article: Annals (Tacitus)The Annals by Tacitus (c. 56–117) is the most detailed and comprehensive history on the rule of Nero, despite being incomplete after the year 66. Tacitus described the rule of the Julio-Claudian emperors as generally unjust. He also thought that existing writing on them was unbalanced:

        “The histories of Tiberius, Caius, Claudius, and Nero, while they were in power, were falsified through terror, and after their death were written under the irritation of a recent hatred.[176]”

        Tacitus was the son of a procurator, who married into the elite family of Agricola. He entered his political life as a senator after Nero's death and, by Tacitus' own admission, owed much to Nero's rivals. Realizing that this bias may be apparent to others, Tacitus protests that his writing is true.[177]

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      CAESAR NERO;

      AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY, BIO;

      (All NewtonStein "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible View!)

        AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT THESIS, TOPIC: Caesar Nero, he of who all Romans exclaimed: "CAESAR IS LORD!" and the Reply was "THE LORD IS CAESAR!"

        Jesus directly confronted this Roman Caesar Worship and claims by taking these two phrases Word-for-Word and applying them to himself!

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        Caesar Nero, Roman Emperor!

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        Nero and religion

        Jewish tradition

        At the end of 66, conflict broke out between Greeks and Jews in Jerusalem and Caesarea. According to the Talmud, Nero went to Jerusalem and shot arrows in all four directions. All the arrows landed in the city.

        He then asked a passing child to repeat the verse he had learned that day. The child responded, "I will lay my vengeance upon Edom by the hand of my people Israel" (Ez. 25,14).

        Nero became terrified, believing that God wanted the Temple in Jerusalem to be destroyed, but would punish the one to carry it out. Nero said, "He desires to lay waste His House and to lay the blame on me," whereupon he fled and converted to Judaism to avoid such retribution.[178] Vespasian was then dispatched to put down the rebellion.

        The Talmud adds that the sage Reb Meir Baal HaNess, a prominent supporter of the Bar Kokhba rebellion against Roman rule, was a descendant of Nero.

        Roman and Greek sources nowhere report Nero's alleged trip to Jerusalem or his alleged conversion to Judaism.[179] There is also no record of Nero having any offspring who survived infancy: his only recorded child, Claudia Augusta, died aged 4 months.

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      CAESAR NERO;

      AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY, BIO;

      (All NewtonStein "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible View!)

        AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT THESIS, TOPIC: Caesar Nero, he of who all Romans exclaimed: "CAESAR IS LORD!" and the Reply was "THE LORD IS CAESAR!"

        Jesus directly confronted this Roman Caesar Worship and claims by taking these two phrases Word-for-Word and applying them to himself!

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        Caesar Nero, Roman Emperor!

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        Christian tradition

        A Christian Dirce, by Henryk Siemiradzki. A Christian woman is martyred in this re-enactment of the myth of Dirce.Christian tradition and secular historical sources hold Nero as the first major state sponsor of Christian persecution, and sometimes as the killer of Apostles Peter and Paul.

        Some 2nd- and 3rd-century theologians, among others, recorded their belief that Nero would return from death or exile, usually as "the Anti-Christ. He is also seen as one of the most savage persecutors of Christians."First Persecutor

        Non-Christian historian Tacitus describes Nero extensively torturing and executing Christians after the fire of 64.[88] Suetonius also mentions Nero punishing Christians, though he does so as a praise and does not connect it with the fire.[180]

        Christian writer Tertullian (c. 155–230) was the first to call Nero the first persecutor of Christians. He wrote, "Examine your records. There you will find that Nero was the first that persecuted this doctrine".[181]

        Lactantius (c. 240–320) also said that Nero "first persecuted the servants of God".[182]

        as does Sulpicius Severus.[183] However, Suetonius writes that, "since the Jews constantly made disturbances at the instigation of Chrestus, he [emperor Claudius] expelled them from Rome" ("Iudaeos impulsore Chresto assidue tumultuantis Roma expulit").[184]

        These expelled "Jews" may have been early Christians, although Suetonius is not explicit. Nor is the Bible explicit, calling Aquila of Pontus and his wife, Priscilla, both expelled from Italy at the time, "Jews."[185]

        Killer of Peter and Paul

        The first text to suggest that Nero killed an apostle is the apocryphal Ascension of Isaiah, a Christian writing from the 2nd century. It says, the slayer of his mother, who himself this king, will persecute the plant which the Twelve Apostles of the Beloved have planted. Of the Twelve one will be delivered into his hands.[186]

        Bishop Eusebius of Caesarea (c. 275–339) was the first to write that Paul was beheaded in Rome during the reign of Nero.[187] He states that Nero's persecution led to Peter and Paul's deaths, but that Nero did not give any specific orders. Several other accounts have Paul surviving his two years in Rome and traveling to Hispania.[188]

        Peter is first said to have been crucified upside-down in Rome during Nero's reign (but not by Nero) in the apocryphal Acts of Peter (c. 200).[189] The account ends with Paul still alive and Nero abiding by God's command not to persecute any more Christians.

        By the 4th century, a number of writers were stating that Nero killed Peter and Paul.[190]

      GOLD DIVIDER WITH CROSS CENTER
      CHRISTIPEDIA

      CAESAR NERO;

      AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY, BIO;

      (All NewtonStein "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible View!)

        AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT THESIS, TOPIC: Caesar Nero, he of who all Romans exclaimed: "CAESAR IS LORD!" and the Reply was "THE LORD IS CAESAR!"

        Jesus directly confronted this Roman Caesar Worship and claims by taking these two phrases Word-for-Word and applying them to himself!

        CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING   CAESAR-NERO-ROME-PHOTO-BUST AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

        Caesar Nero, Roman Emperor!

        FOXE'S BOOK of MARTYRS, CLASSIC, CH-2, ROMANS--AD-60-310

      CAESAR NERO, AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY: BRIEF-BIO

        The Antichrist

        Main articles: Anti-Christ, The Beast (Bible), and Number of the BeastThe Ascension of Isaiah is the first text to suggest that Nero was the Antichrist [improper synthesis?]. It claims that a lawless king, the slayer of his mother...will come and there will come with him all the powers of this world, and they will hearken unto him in all that he desires.[186]

        The Sibylline Oracles, Book 5 and 8, written in the 2nd century, speak of Nero returning and bringing destruction.[191]

        Within Christian communities, these writings, along with others,[192] fueled the belief that Nero would return as the Antichrist. In 310, Lactantius wrote that Nero suddenly disappeared, and even the burial-place of that noxious wild beast was nowhere to be seen.

        This has led some persons of extravagant imagination to suppose that, having been conveyed to a distant region, he is still reserved alive; and to him they apply the Sibylline verses.[182]

        In 422, Augustine of Hippo wrote about 2 Thessalonians 2:1–11, where he believed Paul mentioned the coming of the Antichrist. Though he rejects the theory,

        Augustine mentions that many Christians believed that Nero was the Antichrist or would return as the Antichrist. He wrote, so that in saying, "For the mystery of iniquity doth already work,"[193] he alluded to Nero, whose deeds already seemed to be as the deeds of Antichrist.[161]

        Some modern biblical scholars[194][195] such as Delbert Hillers (Johns Hopkins University) of the American Schools of Oriental Research and the editors of the Oxford & Harper Collins Study Bibles, contend that the number 666 in the Book of Revelation is a code for Nero,[196] a view that is also supported in Roman Catholic Biblical commentaries.[197][198]

        The concept of Nero as the Antichrist is often a central belief of Preterist eschatology.

        Ancestry 16. Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus 8. Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus 17. Porcia Catonis

        4. Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus 9. Aemilia Lepida 2. Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus

        20. Marcus Antonius Creticus 21. Julia Antonia 5. Antonia Major 22. Gaius Octavius 11. Octavia Minor

        23. Atia Balba Caesonia

        1. Nero 24. Tiberius Claudius Nero 12. Nero Claudius Drusus

        25. Livia Drusilla 6. Germanicus

        26. = 10. Mark Antony 13. Antonia Minor 27. = 11. Octavia Minor

        3. Agrippina the Younger

        28. Lucius Vipsanius Agrippa

        14. Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa 7. Agrippina the Elder

        30. Augustus (brother of 11, 27)

        15. Julia the Elder 31. Scribonia See also• Nero in popular culture

      GOLD DIVIDER WITH CROSS CENTER
      CHRISTIPEDIA

      CAESAR NERO;

      AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY, BIO;

      (All NewtonStein "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible View!)

        AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT THESIS, TOPIC: Caesar Nero, he of who all Romans exclaimed: "CAESAR IS LORD!" and the Reply was "THE LORD IS CAESAR!"

        Jesus directly confronted this Roman Caesar Worship and claims by taking these two phrases Word-for-Word and applying them to himself!

        CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING   CAESAR-NERO-ROME-PHOTO-BUST AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

        Caesar Nero, Roman Emperor!

        FOXE'S BOOK of MARTYRS, CLASSIC, CH-2, ROMANS--AD-60-310

      CAESAR NERO, AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY: BRIEF-BIO

        Notes

        1. ^ In Classical Latin, Nero's name would be inscribed as NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVGVSTVS GERMANICVS.

        2. ^ Nero's birth day is listed in Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 6. His death day is uncertain, though, perhaps because Galba was declared emperor before Nero died. A June 9th death day comes from Jerome, Chronicle, which lists Nero's rule as 13 years, 7 months and 28 days. Cassius Dio, Roman History LXII.3 and Josephus, War of the Jews IV, say Nero's rule was 13 years, 8 months which would be June 11.

        3. ^ Suetonius states that Nero committed suicide in Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 49; Sulpicius Severus, who possibly used Tacitus' lost fragments as a source, reports that is was uncertain whether Nero committed suicide, Sulpicius Severus, Chronica II.29, also see T.D. Barnes, "The Fragments of Tacitus' Histories", Classical Philology (1977), p. 228.

        4. ^ Galba criticized Nero's luxuria, both his public and private excessive spending, during rebellion, Tacitus, Annals I.16; Kragelund, Patrick, "Nero's Luxuria, in Tacitus and in the Octavia", The Classical Quarterly, 2000, pp. 494–515.

        5. ^ References to Nero's matricide appear in the Sibylline Oracles 5.490–520, Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales The Monk's Tale, and William Shakespeare's Hamlet 3.ii.

        6. ^ Nero was not a fiddle player, but a lyre player (the fiddle was not invented for at least another 1500 years). Suetonius states Nero played the lyre while Rome burned, see Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 38; For a detailed explanation of this transition see M.F. Gyles "Nero Fiddled while Rome Burned", The Classical Journal (1948), pp. 211–217 - nevertheless, the idea that Nero played any kind of musical instrument is an urban legend, since he was away from Rome at the time of the fire. [1].

        7. ^ These include Lucan's Civil War, Seneca the Younger's

        On Mercy and Dio Chrysostom's Discourses along with various Roman coins and inscriptions.8. ^ Tacitus, Histories I.4, I.5, I.13, II.8; Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 57, Life of Otho 7, Life of Vitellius 11; Philostratus II, The Life of Apollonius 5.41; Dio Chrysostom, Discourse XXI, On Beauty.

        9. ^ On fire and Christian persecution, see F.W. Clayton, "Tacitus and Christian Persecution", The Classical Quarterly, pp. 81–85; B.W. Henderson, Life and Principate of the Emperor Nero, p. 437; On general bias against Nero, see Edward Champlin, Nero, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003, pp. 36–52 (ISBN 0-674-01192-9

        10. ^ Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 1.

        11. ^ a b c Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 6.

        12. ^ a b c d Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 5.

        13. ^ a b Tacitus, Annals XII.66; Cassius Dio, Roman History LXI.34; Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Claudius 44; Josephus is less sure, Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews XX.8.1.

        14. ^ Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Caligula 29.

        15. ^ Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews XIX.1.14, XIX.2.4.

        16. ^ Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews XIX.3.2.

        17. ^ a b Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Claudius 26.

        18. ^ a b c Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Claudius 27.

        19. ^ Tacitus, Annals XII.25.

        20. ^ Tacitus, Annals XII.26.

        21. ^ a b Tacitus, Annals XII.41.

        22. ^ Tacitus, Annals XII.58.

        23. ^ On the Mushroom that Deified the Emperor Claudius

        24. ^ Cassius Dio's and Suetonius' accounts claim Nero knew of the murder, Cassius Dio, Roman History LXI.35, Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 33; Tacitus' and Josephus' accounts only mention Agrippina, Tacitus, Annals XII.65, Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews XX.8.1.

        25. ^ [2]

        26. ^ Book LXI #3 P39

        27. ^ #8 P100

        28. ^ Augustus was 35, Tiberius was 56, Caligula was 25 and Claudius was 50.

        29. ^ Cassius Dio claims "At first Agrippina managed for him all the business of the empire", then Seneca and Burrus "took the rule entirely into their own hands,", but "after the death of Britannicus, Seneca and Burrus no longer gave any careful attention to the public business" in 55, Cassius Dio, Roman History LXI.3–7.

        30. ^ Jowett, Benjamin (1867). "Alexander of Aegae". In William Smith. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 1. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. pp. 110–111.

        31. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIII.5.

        32. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIII.13.

        33. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIII.12.

        34. ^ a b c d e Tacitus, Annals XIII.14.

        35. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIII.16.

        36. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIII.16; Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, XX.8.2; Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of

        Nero 33; Cassius Dio, Roman History LXI.7.

        37. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIII.18–21.

        38. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIII.23.

        39. ^ a b Cassius Dio, Roman History LXI.10.

        40. ^ Cassius Dio, Roman History LXI.7.

        41. ^ a b Tacitus, Annals XIII.46.

        42. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIV.1.

        43. ^ Dawson, Alexis, "Whatever Happened to Lady Agrippina?", The Classical Journal, 1969, p. 254.

        44. ^ Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Otho 3.

        45. ^ Rogers, Robert, Heirs and Rivals to Nero, Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association, Vol. 86. (1955), p. 202. Silana accuses Agrippina of plotting to bring up Plautus in 55, Tacitus, Annals XIII.19; Silana is recalled from exile after Agrippina's power waned, Tacitus, Annals XIV.12; Plautus is exiled in 60, Tacitus, Annals XIV.22.

        46. ^ Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 34.

        47. ^ Tacitus, "The Annals".

        48. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIV.51.

        49. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIV.52.

        50. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIV.53.

        51. ^ a b Tacitus, Annals XIV.60.

        52. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIV.64.

        53. ^ Farquhar, Michael (2001). A Treasure of Royal Scandals, p.216. Penguin Books, New York. ISBN 0739420259.

        54. ^ Rudich, Vasily, Political Dissidence Under Nero, p. 134.

        55. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIV.48.

        56. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIV.49.

        57. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIV.65.

        58. ^ Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 37.

        59. ^ a b Tacitus, Annals XIII.4.

        60. ^ Tacitus, Annals XV.51.

        61. ^ Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 53; Gibbon, Edward, The History of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Vol. I, Chap. VI.

        62. ^ a b Tacitus, Annals XIII.25.

        63. ^ Aurelius Victor mentions Trajan's praise of Nero's first five or so years. Aurelius Victor The Style of Life and the Manners of the Imperitors 5; The unknown author of Epitome de Caesaribus also mentions Trajan's praise of the first five or so years of Nero Auctor incertus Epitome De Caesarbius 5.

        64. ^ a b Tacitus, Annals XIII.28.

        65. ^ Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 17.

        66. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIII.26.

        67. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIII.27.

        68. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIV.45.

        69. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIII.31.

        70. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIII.30, XIV.18, XIV.40, XIV.46.

        71. ^ a b Tacitus, Annals XIII.50.

        72. ^ a b c Tacitus, Annals XIII.51.

        73. ^ a b c Tacitus, Annals XIV.20.

        74. ^ a b Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 12.

        75. ^ a b Tacitus, Annals XIV.21.

        76. ^ a b c d e Tacitus, Annals XV.38.

        77. ^ a b Tacitus, Annals XV.43.

        78. ^ a b Tacitus, Annals XV.42.

        79. ^ Josephus, War of the Jews III.10.10,Werner, Walter: "The largest ship trackway in ancient times: the Diolkos of the Isthmus of Corinth, Greece, and early attempts to build a canal", The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, Vol. 26, No. 2 (1997), pp. 98–119.

        80. ^ Tacitus, Annals XVI.3.

        81. ^ "Roman Currency of the Principate". Tulane University. Retrieved 2011-07-13.

        82. ^ Derek A. Welsby: Nero expedition to Nile sources. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2010-11-09.

        83. ^ Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 31.

        84. ^ Tacitus, Annals wikisource:The Annals (Tacitus)/Book 15#45 XV.45.

        85. ^ Thornton, Mary Elizabeth Kelly "Nero's New Deal,"

        Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association, Vol. 102, (1971), p. 629.

        86. ^ a b Tacitus, Annals XV.40; Suetonius says the fire raged for six days and seven nights, Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 38; A pillar set by Domitius states the fire burned for nine days.

        87. ^ Pliny the Elder, Natural Histories, XVII.1.5, Pliny mentions trees that lasted "down to the Emperor Nero’s conflagration".

        88. ^ a b c d e Tacitus Annals XV.44.

        89. ^ Juvenal writes that Rome suffered from perpetual fires and falling houses Juvenal, Satires 3.7, 3.195, 3.214.

        90. ^ a b c d Tacitus, Histories I.2.

        91. ^ Suetonius, Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Titus 8.

        92. ^ Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero, 38; Cassius Dio, Roman History LXII.16.

        93. ^ a b c d Tacitus, Annals XV.39.

        94. ^ Roth, Leland M. (1993). Understanding Architecture: Its Elements, History and Meaning, First, Boulder, CO: Westview Press, pp. 227–8. ISBN 0-06-430158-3.

        95. ^ Ball, Larry F. (2003). The Domus Aurea and the Roman architectural revolution. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521822513.

        96. ^ Warden reduces its size to under 100 acres (0.40 km2). Warden, P.G., "The Domus Aurea Reconsidered," Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 40 (1981) pp. 271–278.

        97. ^ Tacitus, Annals XV.45.

        98. ^ In the earliest extant manuscript, the second Medicean, the e in "Chrestianos", Chrestians, has been changed into an i; cf. Gerd Theißen, Annette Merz, Der historische Jesus: ein Lehrbuch, 2001, p. 89. The reading Christianos, Christians, is therefor doubtful.

        99. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIV.14, XIV.16.

        100. ^ Philostratus II, Life of Apollonius 4.39; Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Vitellius 11.

        101. ^ a b Tacitus, Annals XV.33.

        102. ^ Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars Life of Nero 21.

        103. ^ Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 33.

        104. ^ Tacitus, Annals XVI.4; Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Vitellius 11; Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 10, 21.

        105. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIV.15; Cassius Dio, Roman History LXI.19.

        106. ^ Philostratus II, Life of Apollonius 5.7.

        107. ^ a b c Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 24.

        108. ^ Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 25.

        109. ^ Suetonius The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 23, 24.

        110. ^ a b Tacitus, Annals XIII.7.

        111. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIII.8.

        112. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIII.9.

        113. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIII.10.

        114. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIII.42.

        115. ^ a b Tacitus, Annals XIII.55.

        116. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIII.56.

        117. ^ a b Tacitus, Annals XIV.36.

        118. ^ Tacitus, Annals XV.1.

        119. ^ Tacitus, Annals XV.4.

        120. ^ Tacitus, Annals XV.16.

        121. ^ Tacitus, Annals XV.18.

        122. ^ Tacitus, Annals XV.29.

        123. ^ Cassius Dio, Roman History LXIII.2.

        124. ^ a b Cassius Dio, Roman History LXII.23.

        125. ^ Suetonius Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 18; Marcus Annaeus Lucanus Pharsalia (Civil War) (c. 65)[3].

        126. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIV.29.

        127. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIV.31.

        128. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIV.31–38.

        129. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIV.39.

        130. ^ Tacitus, Annals XV.49.

        131. ^ Tacitus, Annals XV.50.

        132. ^ Tacitus, Annals XV.55.

        133. ^ Tacitus, Annals XV.70.

        134. ^ Tacitus, Annals XV.60–62.

        135. ^ Josephus, War of the Jews II.13.7.

        136. ^ Josephus, War of the Jews III.1.3.

        137. ^ Josephus, War of the Jews VI.10.1.

        138. ^ Josephus, War of the Jews VII.1.1.

        139. ^ Cassius Dio, Roman History LXIII.22.

        140. ^ Donahue.

        141. ^ a b Cassius Dio, Roman History LXIII.24.

        142. ^ Plutarch, The Parallel Lives, Life of Galba 5.

        143. ^ a b Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 47.

        144. ^ a b Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 49.

        145. ^ Cassius Dio, Roman History 63.

        146. ^ Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 57.

        147. ^ a b c Tacitus, Histories I.4.

        148. ^ Tacitus, Histories I.5.

        149. ^ Philostratus II, The Life of Apollonius 5.41.

        150. ^ Letter from Apollonius to Emperor Vespasian, Philostratus II, The Life of Apollonius 5.41.

        151. ^ M. T. Griffin, Nero (1984), p. 186; Gibbon, Edward, The History of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Vol. I, Chap. III.

        152. ^ Champlin (2003), p. 29.

        153. ^ a b John Pollini, Review of Mutilation and Transformation: Damnatio Memoriae and Roman Imperial Portraiture by Eric R. Varner, The Art Bulletin (September 2006).

        154. ^ Champlin (2003), pp. 29–31.

        155. ^ Tacitus, Histories I.6.

        156. ^ Plutarch, The Parallel Lives, The Life of Galba 9.

        157. ^ Tacitus, Histories I.13.

        158. ^ a b Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Otho 7.

        159. ^ Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Vitellius 11.

        160. ^ Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero 57; Tacitus, Histories II.8; Cassius Dio, Roman History LXVI.19.

        161. ^ a b Augustine of Hippo, City of God .XX.19.3.

        162. ^ a b Tacitus, Histories II.8.

        163. ^ Cassius Dio, Roman History LXVI.19.

        164. ^ Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caears, Life of Nero 57.

        165. ^ Suetonius. "Life of Nero, 51". The Lives of Twelve Caesars.

        166. ^ Tacitus, Annals I.1; Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews XX.8.3; Tacitus, Life of Gnaeus Julius Agricola 10; Tacitus, Annals XIII.20.

        167. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIII.20; Tacitus, Annals XIV.2.

        168. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIII.20; Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews XIX.1.13.

        169. ^ Tacitus, Annals XIII.20.

        170. ^ Tacitus, Annals I.1; Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews XX.8.3.

        171. ^ Dio Chrysostom, Discourse XXI, On Beauty.

        172. ^ Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews XX.8.3.

        173. ^ Marcus Annaeus Lucanus, Pharsalia (Civil War) (c. 65).

        174. ^ Pliny the Elder, Natural Histories VII.8.46.

        175. ^ Seneca the Younger, Apocolocyntosis 4.

        176. ^ Tacitus, Annals I.1.

        177. ^ Tacitus, History I.1.

        178. ^ Talmud, tractate Gitin 56a-b179. ^ Isaac, Benjamin (2004) The Invention of Racism in Classical Antiquity pp. 440–491. Princeton.

        180. ^ Suetonius The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Nero, chapter 16.

        181. ^ Tertullian Apologeticum, lost text quoted in [4], Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History, II.25.4.

        182. ^ a b Lactantius, Of the Manner in Which the Persecutors Died II.

        183. ^ Sulpicius Severus, Chronica II.28.

        184. ^ Suetonius The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Claudius 25.

        185. ^ Acts of the Apostles 18:2.

        186. ^ a b Ascension of Isaiah Chapter 4.2.

        187. ^ Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History II.25.5.

        188. ^ In the apocryphal Acts of Paul, in the apocryphal Acts of Peter, in the First Epistle of Clement 5:6, and in The Muratorian Fragment.

        189. ^ Apocryphal Acts of Peter.

        190. ^ Lactantius wrote that Nero crucified Peter, and slew Paul., Lactantius, Of the Manner in Which the Persecutors Died II; John Chrysostom wrote Nero knew Paul personally and had him killed, John Chrysostom, Concerning Lowliness of Mind 4; Sulpicius Severus says Nero killed Peter and Paul, Sulpicius Severus, Chronica II.28–29.

        191. ^ Sibylline Oracles 5.361–376, 8.68–72, 8.531–157.

        192. ^ Sulpicius Severus and Victorinus of Pettau also say that Nero is the Antichrist, Sulpicius Severus, Chronica II.28–29; Victorinus of Pettau, Commentary on the Apocalypse 17.

        193. ^ "2 Thessalonians 2:7 - Passage Lookup - King James Version". BibleGateway.com. Retrieved 2010-11-09.

        194. ^ The Book of Revelation, Catherine A. Cory.

        195. ^ Revelation, Alan John Philip Garrow.

        196. ^ Hillers, Delbert, “Rev. 13, 18 and a scroll from Murabba’at”, Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 170 (1963) 65.

        197. ^ The New Jerome Biblical Commentary. Ed. Raymond E. Brown, Joseph A. Fitzmyer, and Roland E. Murphy. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1990. 1009.

        198. ^ Just, S.J., Ph.D., Prof. Felix. "The Book of Revelation, Apocalyptic Literature, and Millennial Movements, University of San Francisco, USF Jesuit Community". Retrieved 2007-05-18.

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      CHRISTIPEDIA

      CAESAR NERO;

      AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY, BIO;

      (All NewtonStein "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible View!)

        AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT THESIS, TOPIC: Caesar Nero, he of who all Romans exclaimed: "CAESAR IS LORD!" and the Reply was "THE LORD IS CAESAR!"

        Jesus directly confronted this Roman Caesar Worship and claims by taking these two phrases Word-for-Word and applying them to himself!

        CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING   CAESAR-NERO-ROME-PHOTO-BUST AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

        Caesar Nero, Roman Emperor!

        FOXE'S BOOK of MARTYRS, CLASSIC, CH-2, ROMANS--AD-60-310

      CAESAR NERO, AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY: BRIEF-BIO

        References

        Primary sources

        • Tacitus, Histories, I–IV (c. 105)

        • Tacitus, Annals, XIII–XVI (c. 117)

        • Josephus, War of the Jews, Books II–VI (c. 94)

        • Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book XX (c. 94)

        • Cassius Dio, Roman History, Books 61–63 (c. 229)

        • Plutarch, The Parallel Lives, The Life of Galba (c. 110)

        • Philostratus II, Life of Apollonius Tyana, Books 4–5, (c. 220)

        • Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, the Life of Nero (c. 121)

        Secondary sources

        • Benario, Herbert W. Nero at De Imperatoribus Romanis.

        • Champlin, Edward. Nero. Harvard: Harvard University Press, 2003 (paperback, ISBN 0-674-01822-2).

        • Cronin, Vincent. Nero. London: Stacey International, 2010 (ISBN 1906768145).

        • Donahue, John, "Galba (68–69 A.D.)" at De Imperatoribus Romanis.

        • Grant, Michael. Nero. New York: Dorset Press, 1989 (ISBN 0-88029-311-X).

        • Griffin, Miriam T. Nero: The End of a Dynasty. New Haven, CT; London: Yale University Press, 1985 (hardcover, ISBN 0-300-03285-4); London; New York: Routledge, 1987 (paperback, ISBN 0-7134-4465-7).

        • Holland, Richard. Nero: The Man Behind the Myth. Stroud: Sutton Publishing, 2000 (paperback ISBN 0-7509-2876-X).

        • Warmington, Brian Herbert. Nero: Reality and Legend. London: Chatto & Windus, 1969 (hardcover, ISBN 0-7011-1438-X);

        New York: W.W Norton & Company, 1970 (paperback, ISBN 0-393-00542-9); New York: Vintage, 1981 (paperback, ISBN 0-7011-1454-1).

        • Nero Nero: The Actor-Emperor

        • Nero entry in historical sourcebook by Mahlon H. Smith

        • Nero basic data & select quotes posted by Romans On Line

        • Nero Caesar biographical sketch archived in Bible History Online

        • THE LIFE AND TIMES OF NERO By CARLO MARIA FRANZERO (BTM format).

        • Nero's depiction in Tacitus' Annals

        • Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus entry in the Illustrated History of the Roman Empire.

        • Nero at the Notable Names Database

        • Nero at Encyclopædia Britannica

      GOLD DIVIDER WITH CROSS CENTER
      CHRISTIPEDIA

      CAESAR NERO;

      AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY, BIO;

      (All NewtonStein "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible View!)

        AMERICAN FLAG DRAPE LEFT THESIS, TOPIC: Caesar Nero, he of who all Romans exclaimed: "CAESAR IS LORD!" and the Reply was "THE LORD IS CAESAR!"

        Jesus directly confronted this Roman Caesar Worship and claims by taking these two phrases Word-for-Word and applying them to himself!

        CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING   CAESAR-NERO-ROME-PHOTO-BUST AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN

        Caesar Nero, Roman Emperor!

        FOXE'S BOOK of MARTYRS, CLASSIC, CH-2, ROMANS--AD-60-310

      CAESAR NERO, AMONG MOST NOTABLE LEADERS of HISTORY: BRIEF-BIO