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Cambridge Theological Seminary™

(See Also The Cambridge Concise Bible Dictionary™)

FOR WORKS CITED/USED IN COMPILING, SEE FOOTNOTES:

"Index"
INDEX OF ARTICLES

Alphabetical Order

    PAGE

    Aachen

    Aaron

    Abaddon

    Abarbanel

    Abarim

    Abasement of Christ

    Abba 2

    Abbadie (James) 2

    Abbe 2

    Abbess 2

    Abbey 2

    Abbo of Fleury (St.) 2

    Abbot 2

    Abbreviator 3

    Abdenago 3

    Abdias 3

    Abdon and Sennen 3

    Abecedarians 3

    Abecedarian Psalms 3

    A Becket (Thomas) 3

    Abel 3

    Abelard (Peter) 3

    Abelites 4

    Abgar 4

    Abia 4

    Abiathar 4

    Abib 4

    Abigail 4

    Abilene 4

    Abimelech 4

    Abiu 5

    Abjuration 5

    Ablution 5

    Abner 5

    Abortion 5

    Abraham 6

    Abraham a Sancta-Clara 6

    Abrahamites 6

    Abraxas 6

    Absalom 6

    Absolon or Axel 6

    Absolution 6

    Abstainers 7

    Abstinence 7

    Abstinents 7

    Abucara (Theodore) 7

    Abuna 7

    Abyssinia 7

    PAGE

    Acacians 7

    Acaron 8

    Acceptants 8

    Access 8

    Accidents (Eucharistic) 8

    Accho _ 8

    Accolti (Pietro) 8

    Accommodation 8

    Accommodation (Controversy of). . . . 8

    Acephali 8

    Achab 8

    Achaia 9

    Achaz 9

    Achimelech , . . . 9

    Achitophel 9

    Acoemeti 9

    Acolyte 9

    Acre 9

    Actor Ecclesise 9

    Acts of the Apostles 9

    Acts of the Martyrs 9

    Acts of the Saints or BoUandists 9

    Adalbert (St.) of Prague ^ 10

    Adalbert of Bremen id

    Adam 10

    Adamites i

    Adelbert or Aldebert i

    Adelheid (St.) i

    Adelm or Aldhelm (St. ) r

    Adelphians i

    Ademar of Chabannes i

    Adeodat (St.) i

    Adiaphorists i

    Adonai i

    Adoptionism i

    Adoration 12

    Adoration (Perpetual) 12

    Adoration (Religious of the) 12

    Adramelech 12

    Adrian (name of 6 Popes) 12

    Adollam 12

    Adultery 12

    Advent 13

    Adventists 13

    Advocate of the Devil 13

    Advocates of St. Peter 13

    ^desius 13

    yEgidius Colonna 13

    yElana 14

    (723)

    724

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    PAGE

    ^neas Sylvius 14

    Brians 14

    ^tius 14

    Affinity 14

    AfFre (Denis-Auguste) 14

    Africa (Evangelization of) 14

    Agag 14

    Agapae 15

    Agapetae 15

    Agapetae 15

    Agapetus (name of 2 Popes 15

    Agareneans 15

    Agatha (St.) 15

    Agatho (St.) 15

    Age (canonical) 15

    Agelli (Anthony) 15

    Agenda 15

    Aggeus 15

    Agnes (St.) 15

    Agnoetae 16

    Agnus Dei 16

    Agobard (St.) of Lyons 16

    Agonistici 16

    Agricius (St.) 16

    Agricola (John) 16

    Agrippa 16

    Aguirre (Joseph Saenz) i6

    Aidan (St.) 16

    Aileranus 16

    Ailly (Peter d') 17

    Aix-la-Chapelle 17

    A-Kempis (Thomas) 17

    Akiba-Ben-Joseph ; . . 17

    Alanus-ab-Insulis 17

    Alanus ( Anglicus) 17

    Alb 17

    Alban(St.) 18

    Albanians 18

    Albert the Great 18

    Albigenses 18

    Alcantara (Knights of) 19

    Alcuin 19

    Alexander (name of 8 Popes) 19

    Alexander of Alexandria (St.) 20

    Alexander of Hales 20

    Alexander (St.) the "coal-seller". ... 20

    Alexander (St.) of Constantinople... 20

    Alexander (St.) of Jerusalem 20

    Alexandria (Councils of) 20

    Alexandria (Patriarchate of) 21

    Alexandrian Christian School 21'

    Alexandrian Library 21

    Alexandrian Schools 21

    Alexians or Cellites 22

    Alfred the Great 22

    Algiers (The Church in) 22

    Allatius (Leo) 22

    Allegorical 22

    PAGE

    Alleluia 22

    Allen (Cardinal) 23

    Allies (Thomas W.) 23

    Allioli (Joseph F.) 23

    All-Saints' Day 23

    All-Souls' Day 23

    Almoner 23

    Alms 23

    Alogi 24

    Alpha and Omega 24

    Altar 24

    Altar Bread 25

    Altar Cards 25

    Altar Cloths 25

    Altar ( Main ) 25

    Altar (Mosaic) 25

    Altar of Holocausts 25

    Altar of Incense 26

    Altar of the Show Breads 26

    Altar (Portable) 26

    Altar (Privileged) 26

    Altar Stone 26

    Alvarez (Diego) 26

    Alzog (J. Baptist) 26

    Amalecites 26

    Aman 27

    Amasa 27

    Amasias 27

    Ambo 27

    Ambrose (St.) 27

    Ambrosian Chant 27

    Amen 27

    America (The Church in) 27

    Amice 27

    Ammonites 28

    Ammonius Saccas 28

    Ammonius (St.) 28

    Amorites ; . . 28

    Amort (Eusebius) 28

    Amos 28

    Amphilochius 28

    Amphipolis 28

    Ampulla 28

    Amri 29

    Amsdorfians 29

    Amula 29

    Amulets 29

    Anabaptists 29

    Anabolagium 31

    Anacletus (St.) 31

    Anagnost 31

    Anamelech and Adramelech j . . 31

    Ananias 31

    Anaphora 32

    Anastasia (name of several saints) ... 32

    Anastasius (name of 4 Popes) 32

    Anastasius the Librarian 32

    Anastasius of Constantinople 32

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    725

    PAGE

    Anastasius (St.) of Antioch 32

    Anastasius Sinaita (St.) 32

    Anathema 32

    Anatolius (St.) 33

    Anchor -. 33

    Anchorite 33

    Ancient 33

    Ancyra 33

    Andrew of Crete 33

    Andrew ( St. ) the Apostle 34

    Angel 34

    Angela de Mericia (St.) 35

    Angelicals 35

    Angelics 35

    Angelic Salutation 35

    Angelites 35

    Anglicanism or Anglican Church. ... 35

    Angustia Loci 37

    Anicetus (St.) 37

    Animals (pure and impure) 37

    Animism 38

    Anna (St. ) 39

    Annas 39

    Annats 39

    Anna the Prophetess 39

    Anniversary 39

    Annunciade 39

    Annunciation (Feast of the) 39

    Anomceans .• 39

    Anscharius (St.) 40

    Anselm (St.) 40

    Antependium 40

    Anterus (St.) 40

    Anthem 40

    Anthonists 41

    Anthony ( St. ) 41

    Anthony of Padua (St.) 41

    Anthropomorphism 41

    Anthropophagy 41

    Antichrist 42

    Antidicomarianites 42

    Antidoron 42

    Antimensium 42

    Antinomians 43

    Antioch a-^

    Antiochus (name of 12 kings) 43

    Antiochus (Monk) 43

    Antipaedo-Baptists 43

    Antipas (St.) 43

    Antipatris 44.

    Antiphon aa

    Antiphonarium 44

    Antipope 44

    Antisabbatarian 44

    Antitactes 44

    Antitrinitarian 44

    Antitype 45

    Antonius (St. ) 45

    PAGE

    Aod 45

    Apelles, a Gnostic 45

    Apelles the Christian 45

    Aphec 45

    Aphraates (James) 45

    Aphthartodocetae 45

    Apis 45

    Apocalypse 45

    Apocalypse of Moses 46

    Apocalyptic Number •. 46

    Apocrisarius 46

    Apocryphal Writings 46

    Apodipne 47

    Apokatastasis 47

    Apollinaris (St. ) 47

    Apollinaris the Apologist 47

    Apollinarists 47

    Apollo 47

    Apollonia 47

    Apollonius 47

    Apollonius of Tyana 47

    Apologetic 48

    Apologist 49

    Apolyctic Prayer 49

    Apostate 49

    Apostle 49

    Apostles' Creed 50

    Apostles (Doctrine of the Twelve).. . 50

    Apostleship of Prayer 51

    Apostolate (Catholic) 51

    Apostolate of the Press 51

    Apostolians 51

    Apostolic Canons 52

    Apostolic Council 52

    Apostolic Fathers 52

    Apostolic King 52

    Apostolic Majesty 52

    Apostolic Notaries 52

    Apostolic Nuncio 52

    Apostolic Prefects 52

    Apostolic Sees 52

    Apostolic Succession 52

    Apostolic Times 52

    Apostolicse Sedis 52

    Apostolicity 53

    Apostolicity of the Church 53

    Apotheosis 53

    Apparitions 53

    Appeal 55

    Appeal as Abuse 55

    Approbation 56

    Aquarians 56

    Aquila and Priscilla 56

    Aquileia 56

    Arabia 56

    Arabici 57

    Aram 57

    Ararat 57

    726

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    PAGE

    Arator 57

    Arbela 57

    Arbrissel ( Robert of ) 58

    Archangel 58

    Archbishop 58

    Archbishopric 58

    Archchaplain 58

    Archconfraternity 58

    Archdeacon 58

    Archelaus, King 58

    Archelaus, Bishop 59

    Archimandrite 59

    Architecture (Early Church) 59

    Archives 60

    Archontics 60

    Archpriest 60

    Aretas 60

    Arianism .... 60

    Arias Montanus 63

    Ariel 63

    Arimathea 63

    Arioch 63

    Aristides (St.) 63

    Aristo of Pella 63

    Aristobolus 63

    Ark of the Covenant 63

    Aries 64

    Armenia 64

    Armenia (Christianity in) 64

    Arminius and Arminians 64

    Arnauld (Angelica) 64

    Arnauld (Antoine) 65

    Arnauld (Antoine) 65

    Arnobius 65

    Arnoldists 615

    Arnon 65

    Arphaxad 65

    Art (Christian) 65

    Artemon and Artemonites 66

    Articles of Perth 67

    Articles of Schmalkald 67

    Articles (The Lambeth) 67

    Articles (The Six) 67

    Articles (The Thirty-Nine) 67

    Asa 68

    Asael 68

    Asaph 68

    Ascalon 68

    Ascension Day 68

    Ascetic 69

    Ascetical 69

    Asceticism 69

    Ashdod 69

    Ashima 69

    Ashtoreth 69

    Ash Wednesday 69

    Asia 70

    Asia Minor 70

    P.AGE

    Asiongaber 70

    Asmodeus 70

    Asmoneans 70

    Asor 70

    Aspersion 70

    Assar-Haddon 71

    Assemani 71

    Assuerus 71

    Assumption ^ 71

    Assyria 72

    Astarte 73

    Asterius of Emesa 73

    Asterius (Urbanus) 73

    Astrology 73

    Astronomy 73

    Asylum 75

    Athanasian Creed 76

    Athanasius (St.) 76

    Atheism 76

    Athenagoras 77

    Athos 77

    Atomism 77

    Atonement 78

    Attila . 78

    Attributes of God 78

    Attrition 78

    Audians 78

    Audients 78

    Augsburg Confession 78

    Augsburg Peace 78

    Augustine (St.) 78

    Augustine or Austin (St.) 79

    Augustinian Hermits 79

    Aureola Sanctorum 79

    Auricular Confession 79

    Australia 79

    Australia (The Church in) 80

    Austria (Christianity in) 80

    Austria (Worship in) 80

    Authenticity (Holy Scripture) 81

    Authority 81

    Autocephali 81

    Auto Da Fe 81

    Ave Maria 81

    Avignon (The Popes at) 82

    Aviz (Order of St. Benedict) 82

    Azarias 82

    Azimites 82

    B

    Baader (Franz X.) 82

    Baal or Bel 82

    Baalah 82

    Baanites 82

    Babel 82

    Babylon 82

    Babylonian Captivity 83

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    727

    PAGE

    Bacon or Baconthorp (John) 83

    Bacon ( Rof?er) 83

    Baden ( Worship in ) 83

    Baius (Michael) 83

    Balaam 83

    Baldachin 83

    Ballerini (Anthony) 83

    Ballerini ( Jerome) 84

    Ballerini (Peter) 84

    Balmes ( Jaime L. ) 84

    Balsam 84

    Balthasar 84

    Baltimore Councils 84

    Baltimore (Lord) 84

    Banner 85

    Banns of Marriage 85

    Baptism 85

    Baptism (Ceremonies of) 88

    Baptistery 89

    Baptistines 89

    Baptists 89

    Barac 90

    Barabbas 90

    Baraga (Frederick) 90

    Barbara (St. ) 90

    Bar-Cochebas 90

    Bardesanes 90

    Barnabas (St.) .-^ 90

    Barnabites 90

    Baronius (Caesar) 91

    Barsabas (Joseph) 91

    Barsabas , . 91

    Barsanians 91

    Bartholomew's Day 91

    Bartholomew (St.) 91

    Bartholomites 91

    Baruch 92

    Baruli 92

    Basan or Batanea 92

    Baselian Manuscript 92

    Basil of Ancyra 92

    Basil the Great (St.) 92

    Basil the Heretic 92

    Basilians 92

    Basilica * 93

    Basilidians 93

    Basle (Council of) 93

    Bassians 94

    Bath or Ephah 94

    Bautain (Louise E. M.) 94

    Bavaria (Christianity in) 94

    Bavaria (Worship in) 95

    Bayley ( James R.) 95

    Bdellium 95

    Beads 95

    Beatific Vision 95

    Beatification 95

    Beatitudes (The Eight) 95

    PAGE

    Beaton (Cardinal) 96

    Bee 96

    Becket (Thomas a) 96

    Bede, The Venerable 96

    Beelphegor 97

    Beelsamen 97

    Beelzebub , 97

    Beghards 97

    Beguines 97

    Bel 97

    Belgium (Christianity in) 97

    Belgium (Worship in) 97

    Bellarmin (Robert) 98

    Bells 98

    Belphegor 98

    Benedict (name of 14 Popes) 98

    Benedict Biscop. 99

    Benedict of Aniane (St.) 99

    Benedict (St.) 99

    Benediction 106

    Benefice (Ecclesiastical) 100

    Benignus (St. ) 100

    Benjamin 100

    Berengarius (Heresy of) loi

    Bernard (St. ) loi

    Bernardin (St.) of Siena 102

    Bernardines 102

    Bernice 102

    Beryl 102

    Beryllians 102

    Besor 102

    Bessarion (John) 102

    Bethany 102

    Beth-Arab 102

    Bethel 102

    Beth-Horon 102

    Bethlehem 102

    Bethlehemites 103

    Bethphage 103

    Bethsaida 103

    Bethsan 103

    Bethsur 103

    Bethulia 103

    Beza (Theodore) 103

    Bible 103

    Bible (Canon of the) 106

    Bible (Geneva or Breeches) 106

    Bible ( King James's) 107

    Bible Societies 107

    Biblia Pauperum 107

    Bigamist and Bigamy 107

    Bination 108

    Biretta 108

    Birgit (St.) 108

    Bishop 108

    Bishop (Auxiliary) 109

    Bishop (SuflFragan) 109

    Bishops(Appointmentof,in the U. S.). 109

    728

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    Bishop's Coadjutor

    Bithynia (The Faith in)

    Black Friars

    Blanc (Anthony)

    Blanchet (Francis N. )

    Blasius (St.)

    Blasphemy

    Blessing

    Blood- Avenger. .

    Blood (Congregation of the Most Pre- cious)

    Blue Laws

    Bockhold ( John)

    Boehme (James)

    Boethiixs

    Bogomiles

    Bohemian Brethren

    Boleyn ( Anne )

    Bollandists

    Bolsena (Mass of)

    Bona (Giovanni)

    Bonaventure (St.)

    Boniface (name of 9 Popes)

    Boniface (St.)

    Bonosians

    Book of Common Discipline

    Book of Comn>on Prayer

    Borborites

    Borromeo (St. Charles)

    Borromeo Union

    Bossuet ( Jacques B. )

    Bourdaloue (Louis)

    Bourignists

    Bradwardine (Thomas)

    Brahmanism

    Bread (Liturgical)

    Breads of Proposition

    Brebeuf (Jean de)

    Brendan (St.)

    Brethren and Sisters of the Free Spirit

    Brethren (Apostolic)

    Brethren of Our Lord

    Brethren (Plymouth)

    Breviary

    Brethren (United)

    Brethren (White)

    Bridget (St.)

    Bridgittines (Religious)

    Brief (Apostolic )

    Brothers (Congregations of)

    Brothers of Charity

    Brothers of the Common Life

    Brown (Robert)

    Brownson (Orestes A.)

    Bruno (Giordano)

    Bruno (St.)

    Bruys (Peter)

    Buchanites

    PAGE

    Buddhism 122

    Bugenhagen ( John) 125

    Bull 126

    BuUarium 126

    Burgundians (Conversion of the) 126

    Burial ( Christian ) 126

    Bursa 126

    Busenbaum (Hermann) 126

    Butler (Alban) 127

    Byrne (Andrew) 127

    c

    Cab 127

    Cabala 127

    Cades , . 127

    Caecilia (St.) 127

    Caelestius 127

    Caesar 127

    Csesarea 127

    Caesarius of Aries (St.) 128

    Cahenslianism 128

    Cain 128

    Ca,inan 128

    Cainites 128

    Caiphas 128

    Caius or Gaius 128

    Caius (St.) 128

    Cajetan (Cardinal) 128

    Cajus 129

    Calatrava (Order of) 129

    Calderon de la Barca (Pedro) 129

    Caleb 129

    Calendar (Ecclesiastical) 129

    Calendar (Gregorian) 129

    California (Missions in) 129

    Calixtines 129

    Calixtus (name of 3 Popes) 129

    Calmet (Augustine) 130

    Calotte 130

    Caloyers 130

    Calumny and Slander 130

    Calvary or Golgotha 130

    Calvary (Daughters of) 130

    Calvary (Priests of) 130

    Calvin and Calvinism 130

    Camaldolites 131

    Camerarius 131

    Camerlengo 131

    Cameronians 131

    Camillians 131

    Camisards 131

    Campbellites 132

    Campeggio (Lawrence) 132

    Cana 132

    Canada (Missions in) 132

    Canada (The Church in) 132

    Candace 132

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    729

    PAGE

    Candle (Paschal) 132

    Candle (Triple) 132

    Candlemas 133

    Candles Used in Church 133

    Canisius (Peter) 133

    Canonical Hours 134

    Canonist I34

    Canonization 134

    Canon i35

    Canon Law 135

    Canon of the Mass 136

    Canon of the Scriptures 136

    Canons (Cathedral) 137

    Canons (Penetential) 138

    Canticle of Canticles 138

    Cantor 138

    Canus (Melchior) 138

    Capharnaum 138

    Caphtor 138

    Capital Sins 138

    Capitularies 138

    Cappadocia 138

    Captivity of the Jews 138

    Captivity of the Popes 139

    Capuchins 139

    Capuciati 139

    Carchemis 139

    Cardinals 139

    Cardinal Virtues 139

    Carmel 139

    Carmelites 139

    Caroline Books 140

    Carpocratians 140

    Carroll ( John) 140

    Cartesianism 140

    Carthage 141

    Carthagh (St.) 141

    Carthusians 141

    Casas (Las) 141

    Cassianus (John) 141

    Cassiodorus 141

    Cassock 141

    Castelnau (Peter of) 141

    Casuistry 142

    Catabaptists 142

    Catacombs 142

    Catafalque 143

    Cataphrygians 143

    Catechism 143

    Catechism of the Council of Trent. . . 144

    Catechumenate 144

    Catena 144

    Catharine of Alexandria (St.) 144

    Catherine of Siena (St.) 144

    Catharists 145

    Cathedra 145

    Cathedral 145

    Cathedral Schools 145

    PAGE

    Catholic 14s

    Cathdlic Emancipation Act 145

    Catholic Epistles 145

    Catholicos 145

    Catholic (Roman) Relief Act 145

    Catholics (German) 145

    Catholics (Number of) 145

    Catholics (Old) 146

    Cecilia 146

    Cedron 146

    Celebrant 146

    Celebret 146

    Celestine (name of 5 Popes) 146

    Celestinians (ReligiousCongregation) 147

    Celibacy (Clerical) 147

    Cellites 148

    Celsus 148

    Cemetery 148

    Cenites 149

    Cenobite 149

    Censer 149

    Censure (Ecclesiastical) 149

    Censure of Books 149

    Central America (Missions in) 150

    Centuries of Magdeburg 150

    Centurion 150

    Cerdonians 150

    Ceremonial or Ceremonies 150

    Cerinthus 151

    Cerularius (Michael) 151

    Cesarini (Julianus) 151

    Cesena (Michael) ... 151

    Cetura 151

    Chair of St. Peter 151

    Chalcedon (Council of) 151

    Chalice 151

    Challoner (Richard) 152

    Chanaan 152

    Chanaanites 152

    Chancel 152

    Chancellor and Chancery 152

    Chancery ( Roman) 153

    Chant 153

    Chapel 153

    Chaplain 153

    Chapter 153

    Chapters (The Three) 153

    Charity 154

    Charity (Sisters of) 154

    Charlemagne 154

    Chastity 155

    Chasuble 155

    Chateaubriand (Francois A.) 155

    Chatel (Francis) 155

    Chemos 155

    Cherubim 155

    Cheverus, Cardinal 155

    Chili (Missions in) ,. . . . 156

    730

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    PAGE

    Chiliasm 156

    China (Christianity in) 156

    Chodorlahomor 156

    Choir 156

    Choir Bishops 156

    Chosroes II 156

    Chrism 156

    Christ 156

    Christian -' 156

    Christian Alliance 156

    Christian Brothers I57

    Christian Endeavor (Society of) 157

    Christianity 157

    Christianity in America 160

    Christians 161

    Christians (Chaldean) 161

    Christians of St. Thomas 161

    Christmas 161

    Christology 161

    Christolytes 161

    Christopher (St.) 161

    Chrodegang (St.) 161

    Chronicles 161

    Chronology 161

    Chronology (Biblical) 162

    Chrysologus (St. Peter) 177

    Chrysostom (St. John) 177

    Church 178

    Church (Greek) 179

    Church (The, in the United States) . . 179

    Church (The) and Basilica 179

    Church and Civilization 182

    Church History 186

    Churching of Women 186

    Ciborium 186

    Cingulum 186

    Circumcelliones 186

    Circumcision (Feast of) 186

    Cistercians 187

    Clarendon (Constitutions of) 187

    Clares (Poor) 187

    Claudius of Turin 187

    Claudius Apollinaris (St.) 187

    Claver (Peter) 187

    Clemangis (Nicholas of) 187

    Clement (Heretic) 187

    Clement (name of 14 Popes) 187

    Clementinae 188

    Clement of Alexandria 188

    Cleobians 188

    Clergy and Laity 189

    Clerks Regular 189

    Cletus 189

    Clinic Baptism 189

    Cloister 189

    Clovis and (St.) Clotilda 190

    Cluny (Abbey of) 190

    Coadjutor Bishop 190

    PAGE

    Coat (The Holy) 190

    Codex 191

    Coele-Syria 191

    Coena Domini (In) 191

    Coenobites 191

    Collation 191

    Collect 191

    Colleges 191

    Collegiants 191

    Collegiate Churches 191

    Collydrians 191

    Color of Vestments 191

    Columba or Columkil (St.) 192

    Columbanus (St.) 192

    Columbus (Christopher) 193

    Commandments 193

    Commemoration in Liturgy 193

    Commodianus 194

    Communion (Eucharistic) 194

    Communion (Liturgical) 195

    Communion of Saints 195

    Communion under Both Kinds 195

    Communism 196

    Competentes 196

    Compline 196

    Concanen (Richard L.) 196

    Conception (Immaculate) 196

    Conceptualism 196

    Conclave 196

    Concomitance (Sacramental) 196

    Concordance . . 196

    Concordats 196

    Concupiscence 196

    Concursus 196

    Condignity, Congruity 197

    Conferences 197

    Confession (Sacramental) 197

    Confession (Liturgical) 198

    Confessional 198

    Confession of Augsburg 198

    Confessor 198

    Confirmation 198

    Confiteor 199

    Confraternities 199

    Congregationalism 201

    Congregations (Sacred) 201

    Congruity 203

    Conon 203

    Consanguinity 203

    Conscience 203

    Conscience (Liberty of) 203

    Consecration 204

    Consecration of Churches 204

    Consistentes 204

    Consistory 204

    Consolamentum 204

    Constance (Council of) 205

    Constantine 205

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    731

    PAGE

    Constantine the Great 205

    Constantinople (Councils of) 205

    Constitution (Civil) of the Clergy.. . 205

    Constitutions (Apostolic) 205

    Consubstantial 206

    Constitutum 206

    Consubstantiation 206

    Consultors or Bishop's Council 206

    Contemplation 206

    Contrition 207

    Convents 207

    Conversion of St. Paul 207

    Convulsionaries 207

    Cope 207

    Copernicus 208

    Copiates 208

    Copts 208

    Coran 208

    Corban 208

    Cordeliers 208

    Core 208

    Corinth 208

    Corinthians (Epistles to the) 208

    Cornelius the Centurion 209

    Cornelius, Pope 209

    Cornelius i Lapide 209

    Corozain 209

    Corporal .• 209

    Corpus Christi 209

    Corrigan (Michael A.) 210

    Corrupticolae 210

    Cosmas and Damianus (Sts.) 210

    Cosmogony (The Mosaic) 210

    Councils (Ecumenical) 222

    Cowl 223

    Cranmer (Thomas) 223

    Creation 224

    Creationism 224

    Credence 226

    Creed 226

    Cremation 227

    Crib 228

    Crosier 228

    Cross 228

    Cross (Congregation of the Holy). . . . 228

    Cross (Daughters of the) 228

    Cross (Finding of the) 228

    Cross (Sign of the) 229

    Cross (Way of the) 229

    Crucifix 229

    Crusades 229

    Crypt 230

    Crypto-Calvinists 230

    Cubit 231

    Culdees 231

    Cullen (Paul) 231

    Cultus 231

    Cummian (St.) 231

    Curate 231

    Curia Romana 231

    Cusa (Nicholas of ) 231

    Cush 231

    Cuthbert (St.) 232

    Cutheans 232

    Cycle ( Easter) 232

    Cycle (Dionysian) 232

    Cyprian (St.) 232

    Cyprus 232

    Cyrene 232

    Cyriacus (St.) 232

    Cyril (St.) of Alexandria 232

    Cyril (St.) of Jerusalem 233

    Cyril and Methodius (Sts.). . . .* 233

    Cyrillus Lucaris 233

    Cyrinus 233

    Cyrus of Alexandria 233

    Cyrus, King 233

    Dabir 233

    Dagon 233

    Dalmanutha 233

    Dalmatia 233

    Dalmatic 234

    Damasus (name of 2 Popes) 234

    Damianists 234

    Damianus 234

    Damianus (St. Peter) 234

    Damien de Veuster (Joseph) 234

    Dan 234

    Dance of Death 235

    Dancers 235

    Dancing 235

    Daniel 235

    Dante-Alighieri 235

    Darboy (George) 236

    Darby (John) 236

    Darius 236

    Darwinism 236

    Dataria 236

    David 236

    Deacon 236

    Deaconess 237

    Dean 237

    Death 237

    Debora 237

    Decalogue 238

    Decapolis 239

    Decius 239

    Decretals 239

    Dedication 239

    Defender of the Faith 239

    Defensor Matrimonii 239

    Degradation, Deposition 239

    Deism 239

    732

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    Delegate 239

    Deluge (the Noachian) 239

    Demas 250

    Demiurge 250

    Demon 250

    Denarius 250

    Denmark (Christianity in) 250

    Denmark (the Church in) 250

    Deo Gratias 251

    Deposition 251

    Derbe 251

    Descartes 251

    Desecration 251

    Desert 251

    Deusdedit (name of 2 Popes) 251

    Deuterocanonicals 251

    Deuteronomy 252

    Devil 252

    Devolution 254

    Diaconium 254

    Diana of the Ephesians 254

    Diatessaron 254

    Didache 254

    Didon (Henry) 354

    Didymus the Blind 255

    Dies Irae 255

    Dimissorial 255

    Diocese 255

    Diocletian 255

    Diodorus of Tarsus 255

    Diognetus (Letter to) 255

    Dionysius (St. ) 256

    Dionysius Exiguus 256

    Dionysius of Alexandria 256

    Dionysius of Paris (St.) 256

    Dionysius the Areopagite 256

    Dioscorus of Alexandria 256

    Diptychs 256

    Discalced 257

    Disciples of Christ 257

    Discipline ( Ecclesiastical) 257

    Discipline (Penitential) 257

    Discipline of the Secret 257

    Dispensation 257

    Dissenters 258

    Ditheism 258

    Divination 258

    Divorce 258

    Docetae 262

    Doctor 262

    Doctors of the Church 262

    Dogmas and Matters of Opinion 263

    Dolcino (Fra) 264

    Dollinger (Johann Joseph I.) 264

    Dominic (St.) and Dominicans 264

    Dominica in Albis 264

    Dominical or Linteum Dominicale. . . 264 Dominical or Sunday Letter 264

    PAGE

    Dominus Vobiscum 265

    Donation of Constantine 265

    Donatists 265

    Donus or Domnus (name of 2 Popes). 265

    Dor 265

    Dositheus 265

    Douay Bible 265

    Dove 265

    Doxology 265

    Dream 266

    Druids 266

    Druses 266

    Drusilla 266

    Du Bois (John) 266

    Duel 266

    Dulia 266

    Dungal 266

    Dunkers 266

    Duns Scotus (John) 267

    Dunstan (St.) 267

    Dupanloup ( Felix A. P. ) 267

    Durandus of Saint- Pouryain 267

    E

    Eadmer or Edmur 267

    Easter 267

    Easter (Computation of) 268

    Easter Communion 269

    Easter Confession 269

    Ebionites 269

    Ecce Homo 269

    Ecclesiarch 269

    Ecclesiastes 269

    Ecclesiasticus 269

    Eccleston (Samuel) 269

    Eck (John) 270

    Eclectics 270

    Ecthesis 270

    Ecumenical 270

    Eden 270

    Edessa 270

    Edmund (St.) 270

    Edom 270

    Edrai 270

    Education. 270

    Edward the Confessor 271

    Edward the Martyr 271

    Eglon 271

    Einsiedeln 271

    Ela 271

    Elam 271

    Elath or Ailath 271

    Eleazar .^ 271

    Eleutheropolis 271

    Eleutherus (St.) Pope 271

    Eleutherus (St. ) 271

    Eleutherus (St.) of Tournai 271

    Elevation 27'

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    733

    PAGE

    Eliachim 272

    Elias 272

    Eligius (St.) 272

    Elim 272

    Elipandus 272

    Eliseus 272

    Elishe (Elisaeus) 272

    Elizabeth, Queen 272

    Elizabeth { St.) 273

    Elizabeth (St.) Queen 273

    Elizabeth (St.) Queen 273

    Elkesaites 273

    Eloham 273

    Elohim 273

    Eloquence (Sacred) 273

    Emancipation (Catholic) 274

    Ember Days 275

    Eminence 275

    Emmaus 275

    Emmeran (St.) 275

    Emperors and Kings . 275

    Empire (The Holy Roman) 279

    Empiricism 279

    Ems (Congress of) 279

    Emser ( Jerome) 279

    Encratites 280

    Encyclical 280

    Encyclion 280

    Endor 280

    Energumens 280

    Engadi 280

    England (Evangelization of) 280

    England (John) 280

    England (Protestantism in) 281

    England (The Church in) 281

    Ennodius (Magnus F.) 281

    Enoch 282

    Eon or Eudo de Stella 282

    Epaphras (St.) 282

    Eparchy 282

    Ephesians (Epistle to the) 282

    Ephesus 282

    Ephesus (Councils of) 282

    Ephod ; 282

    Ephraim 282

    Ephrem (St. ) 283

    Epicureans 283

    Epiphanius (St.) of Salamis 283

    Epiphanius (St.) of Pavia 283

    Epiphanius the Scholastic "283

    Epiphany 283

    Episcopacy 284

    Episcopals 284

    Epistle 284

    Era 284

    Erasmus (Desiderius) 284

    Erasmus (St.) 284

    Erastians 284

    PAGE

    Erigena (John Scotus) 284

    Esau 284

    Esdraelon 284

    Esdras (Books of) 284

    Essenes ^ 285

    Esther 285

    Ethelbert 285

    Ethelwold 285

    Ethiopia -. 285

    Ethnarch 285

    Eucharist 285

    Eucherius (St.) 287

    Euchites or Euphemites 287

    Euchology 287

    Eudists 287

    Eudo de Stella 287

    Eugenius (name of 4 Popes) 287

    Eulogiag 288

    Eunomians 288

    Eunuch 288

    Eusebius (St.) 288

    Eusebius of Csesarea 288

    Eusebius of Nicomedia 288

    Eusebius of Vercelli (St.) 288

    Eustathiens .' 288

    Eusthatius of Antioch 288

    Eutyches and Eutychians 288

    Eutychianus (St.) 288

    Evagrius 288

    Evangeliarium 288

    Evangelical Alliance 288

    Evangelical Association 289

    Evangelical Counsels 289

    Evangelical Church 2S9

    Evangelist 289

    Eve 289

    Evil (Origin of) 289

    Evil-Merodach 290

    Evodius 290

    Evolution (Theory of) 290

    Exaltation of the Cross 291

    Exarch 291

    Ex Cathedra 291

    Excommunication 291

    Exeat 292

    Exegesis 293

    Exile 293

    Exodus 293

    Exorcism and Exorcists 293

    Extasy 293

    Extreme Unction 293

    Ezechias 293

    Ezechiel 293

    Eznik 294

    F

    Faber (Frederick W.) 294

    Faber (John) 294

    734

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    PAGE

    Fabian (St.) 294

    Facundus 294

    Faith 294

    Faith (Rule of) 294

    Faithful 295

    Faldstool 296

    False Decretals 296

    Familists 296

    Fast Days 296

    Fathers (Apostolic) 296

    Fathers of the Christian Doctrine. . . . 296

    Fathers of the Church 296

    Faustinus 297

    Feasts of Fools and Asses 297

    Feasts of the Church 297

    Feasts of the Jews 298

    Febronianism 298

    Feehan (Patrick A.) 298

    Felicissimus 298

    Felix, Heretic 298

    Felix (name of 4 Popes) 298

    Felix of Valois 299

    Fenelon (Francois) 299

    Fenwick (Benedict Joseph) 299

    Fenwick (Edward D.) 299

    Feria 299

    Ferrara (Council of) 299

    Festus Portius 299

    Fetishism 299

    Feuillants 300

    Final Perseverance 300

    Finding of the Cross 300

    Firmilian (St.) 300

    First Fruits 300

    Fish 300

    Fisher (John) ... 300

    Fitzgerald (Edward) 300

    Flagellants 301

    Flaget (Benedict Joseph) 301

    Flavian (St.) of Constantinople . 301

    Flavian (St.) of Antioch 301

    Flavius Josephus 301

    Fleury (Claude) 301

    Florence (Council of) 301

    Flotte (Peter) 302

    Flowers 302

    Font (Baptismal) 302

    Fontevrault (Order of) 302

    Formosus 302

    Forty Hours' Devotion 302

    Fossarians 303

    France (Evangelization of) 303

    France (Worship in) 303

    Frances of Chantal (St.) 303

    Francis Borgia (St.) 303

    Francis of Assisi (St.) 303

    Francis of Paul (St. ) 303

    Francis of Sales (St.) 303

    PAGE

    Francis-Xavier (St.) 303

    Franciscans 304

    Frankfort (Council of) 304

    Fratricelli 304

    Free Church of England 304

    Freemasons 305

    Freppel (Charles fimile) 305

    Friday (Good) 305

    Fridolin (St.) 306

    Friends 306

    Frisians (Conversion of the) 306

    Frumentius 306

    Fulbert of Chartres 306

    Fulgentius (St.) 306

    G

    Gabaa 306

    Gabaon 306

    Gabbatha 306

    Gabriel 306

    Gabrielites 307

    Gad 307

    Gadara 307

    Gage (Thomas) 307

    Gajus 307

    Galaad 307

    Galatia 307

    Galileans 307

    Galilee 307

    Galileo 307

    Gall (St.) 308

    Gallandius (Andrew) 308

    Gallicanism 308

    Galilean Liberties 308

    Gallitzin (Demetrius) 308

    Gamala 309

    Gamaliel 309

    Gardiner (Stephen) 309

    Garizim 309

    Garnet (Henry) 309

    Gaza 310

    Gedeon 310

    Gehenna 310

    Gehon 310

    Gelasius (name of 2 Popes) 310

    Gelboe 310

    General 310

    Generatianism 310

    Genesareth (Sea of) 310

    Genesis 310

    Gennadius, Priest 310

    Gennadius (George) 311

    Gentiles 311

    Gentilis (Valentine) 311

    Genuflectentes 311

    Genuflection 311

    George (St.) 311

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    735

    PAGE

    Gerah .• 311

    Gerara 311

    Gerard (Segarelli) 311

    Gerasa 311

    Gerbert 3ri

    German Catholics 311

    Germanus of Constantinople 311

    Germanus (St.) 311

    Germany (Christianity in) 311

    Germany (Worship in) 311

    Gerson (Jean Charlier de) 312

    Gertrude (St.) 312

    Gervase or Gervaise 312

    Gervasius and Protasius (Sts.) 312

    Gessur 312

    Geth 312

    Gethsemani 312

    Ghost (Gifts of the Holy) 312

    Ghost (Holy) 312

    Gibbons (James) 312

    Gihon 313

    Gilbert 313

    Gilbert de la Poree 313

    Gilbertines 313

    Gilmour (Richard) 313

    Gioberti (Vincenzo) 313

    Girdle 313

    Gloria in Excelsis 314

    Gloria Patri 314

    Gnosticism 314

    Goch (John van) 315

    God 315

    Godfrey of Bouillion 315

    Godparents 315

    Goethe (John W.) 315

    Gog 315

    Golden Bull 315

    Golden Calf 316

    Golden Number 316

    Golden Rose 316

    Golgotha 316

    Goliath 316

    Gomarists 316

    Good Friday 316

    Gorden (George) 316

    Gortonians 316

    Gospel 316

    Gospel (The) in Liturgy 318

    Goths 318

    Gottschalk 318

    Grace 318

    Gradual 320

    Gradual Psalms 320

    Grammont (Order of) 320

    Gratian 320

    Greece (The Church in) 321

    Greek Schism 321

    Greenland (Evangelization of) 321

    PAGE

    Gregorian Chant 321

    Gregorian Calendar 321

    Gregory (name of 16 Popes) 321

    Gregory Nazianzen (St.) 324

    Gregory of Nyssa (St.) 325

    Gregory of Tours (St.) 325

    Gregory Thaumaturgus (St.) 325

    Gregory the Illuminator (St.) 325

    Grey Nims 325

    Grosseteste (Robert) 325

    Grotius (Hugo) 325

    Gualbert (John) 326

    Guardian Angel 326

    Gunpowder Plot t 326

    Giintherianism 326

    Gustavus Vasa 326

    Guyon (Jeanne M. B.) 326

    Gyrovagi 326

    H

    Habacuk 327

    Hadrian 327

    Hail Mary 327

    Hales (Alexander of) 327

    Halo ". 327

    Haman 327

    Hamilton (Patrick) 327

    Haran 327

    Hardouin (Jean) 327

    Harmonies of the Gospels 327

    Harmonists 327

    Haydn (Francis Joseph) 327

    Heart (Sacred) of Jesus 328

    Heart (Immaculate) of Mary 328

    Heaven 328

    Heber 329

    Hebrews (Epistle to the) 329

    Hebron 329

    Hecker (Isaac Thomas) 329

    Hefele (Karl Joseph von) 329

    Hegesippus 329

    Heiss (Michael) 329

    Helena (St.) 330

    Heli 330

    Hell 330

    Hellenists 330

    Helvidius 330

    Hemerobaptists 330

    Henni (John M.) 330

    Henoch 330

    Henoticon 330

    Henricians 331

    Henry IV 331

    Henry VIII 331

    Heracleon 331

    Heresy 331

    Hergenrother (Joseph) 331

    736

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    PAGE

    Herman 332

    Hermas 332

    Hermeneutic 332

    Hermes (George) 332

    Hermias the Heretic 333

    Hermias the Philosopher 333

    Hermits 333

    Hermogenes 333

    Hermon 333

    Herod 333

    Herodians 333

    Herrnhuters 333

    Hesychasts 334

    Hesychius (St.) 334

    Hetheans 334

    Hexaemeron 334

    Hieracites 334

    Hierarchy 334

    Hierarchy of the Church 334

    Hierocles 337

    Hieronymites 337

    Hieronymus (St.) 337

    High-Priest 337

    Hilarion (St.) 337

    Hilary, Pope 337

    Hilary of Aries 337

    Hilary of Poitiers 337

    Hillel 338

    Hincmar of Laon 338

    Hincmar of Rheims 338

    Hippolytus 338

    Hiram 338

    Holiness 338

    Holiness of the Church 338

    Holland (Church in) 339

    Holy Coat 339

    Holy Family 339

    Holy Fire 339

    Holy Ghost 339

    Holy Ghost (Orders of the) 339

    Holy Office 339

    Holy Orders 339

    Holy Places 339

    Holy Water 339

    Holy Week 339

    Homily 341

    Homoosion 341

    Honoratus (St.) 341

    Honorius (name of 4 Popes) 341

    Honorius I. (Condemnation of) 342

    Hontheim (Nicholas von) 342

    Hope 342

    Hor 342

    Horeb 342

    Horebites 342

    Hormisdas 342

    Hosanna 342

    Hosius 342

    Hospital '. 342

    Hospitalers 343

    Host 343

    Hours (Canonical) 343

    Hubert (St.) 343

    Hughes (John) 343

    Hugh of St. Victor 344

    Huguenots 344

    Humanists 344

    Humiliati 344

    Huss and Hussites 345

    Hyacinth (St.) 346

    Hyacinth (Charles Loyson) 346

    Hyacintha (St.) 346

    Hyginus (St.) 346

    Hylozoism 346

    Hymeneus 346

    Hymn 346

    Hyperdulia 347

    Hypnotism 347

    Hypostasis 348

    Hyssop 348

    I

    bas 348

    birians (Conversion of the) 348

    celand (Christianity in) 348

    conium 349

    conoclasm 349

    conostasis 349

    dioms (Communication of) 349

    dolatrj' 349

    dumea 349

    gnatius (St.) of Antioch 350

    gnatius (St.) of Constantinople 350

    gnatius of Loyola (St.) 350

    gnorantines 350

    • H.S 350

    Idefonsus (St ) 350

    lluminati ^ 350

    lluminati (Sect of the) 350

    llyricum 351

    mages 351

    mages (Controversy on) 351

    mmaculate Conception 351

    mmortality of the Soul 351

    mmunities 353

    mpanation 353

    mpediments of Matrimony 353

    mposition of Hands 353

    mproperia 353

    mputation ^. . 353

    ncarnate Word 354

    ncarnation (Mystery of the) 354

    ncense 354

    n Ccena Domini 354

    ndex Librorum Prohibitorum 355

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    717

    PAGE

    India and China (Christianity in) 355

    India and China (Worship in) 355

    Indians in America 355

    Indulgence 355

    Indulgence (Jubilee) 35^

    Indulgences (Sale of) 357

    Indult 358

    Infallibility of the Church and Pope. 358

    Infidels 359

    Infralapsarians 359

    Inneity 359

    Innocent (name of 13 Popes) 360

    Innocents (Feast of the Holy) 361

    Inquisition 3^^

    Inspiration 3^2

    Installation 3^3

    Intelligence 3^3

    Interdict 3^4

    Interim 3^4

    Interpretation of Scripture 364

    Introit 368

    Investiture 3^8

    Ireland (Christianity in) 368

    Ireland (Protestantism in) 368

    Ireland (The Church in) 369

    Ireland (John) 369

    Irenaeus (St.) 3^9

    Irene 370

    Irregularity 370

    Irvingites 37^

    Isaac 371

    Isaac of Antioch 371

    Isaac the Parthian 371

    Isaias 37^

    Isboseth 371

    Isidore (St.) 371

    Isidore Mercator 371

    Isidore of Alexandria 372

    Isidore of Pelusium 372

    Ismael 372

    Islam 372

    Israel (Kingdom of) 372

    Issachar 372

    Itala 372

    Italy (Worship in) 372

    Ite Missa Est 372

    Ithacius 372

    Itinerary 372

    Ituraea 373

    Ivo (St.) 373

    J

    Jabbok 373

    Jabes-Galaad 373

    Jabin 373

    Jachin 373

    Jacob 373

    47

    PAGE

    Jacobins 373

    Jacobites 373

    Jacob's Well 373

    Jahel 373

    Jamblichus 373

    James the Elder 374

    James the Less . . ^ 374

    Jansenius and Jansenism 374

    Janssen (John) 375

    Januarius (St.) 375

    Japan (Christianity in) 375

    Japhet 375

    Jason 375

    Javan 375

    Jebusites 375

    Jechonias 375

    Jehovah 376

    Jehu 376

    Jephte 376

    Jeremias 376

    Jericho. . . . r 376

    Jeroboam 377

    Jerome (St. ) 377

    Jerome of Prague 377

    Jeronymites 377

    Jerusalem 377

    Jerusalem (Council of) 378

    Jerusalem (Church of the New) 378

    Jesuats 378

    Jesuits 378

    Jesuits and Their Suppression. 379

    Jesus .... 380

    Jesus Christ • 380

    Jews *^istory of the) 381

    Jethro 384

    Jezabel 384

    Jezrael 384

    Joab 384

    Joachaz 384

    Joachim (St.) 384

    Joachimites 384

    Joachim of Fiore 384

    Joakim 384

    Joan ( Fable of the Popess) 384

    Joan of Arc 385

    Joas 385

    Joatham 385

    Job 385

    Jocques (Isaac) 386

    Joel 386

    John (name of 23 Popes) 386

    John (Knights of St.) 387

    John Capistran (St.) 387

    John Chrysostom (St.) 387

    John Climacus 387

    John Gualbert 388

    John of Antioch 388

    John of Damascus (St.) 388

    738

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    PAGE

    John of God (St.) 388

    John of Matha 388

    John of Nepomucene (St.) 388

    John of the Cross (St.) 389

    John the Almoner (St. ) 389

    John the Baptist (St.) 389

    John the Evangelist (St.J 389

    Jonas 389

    Jonathas or Jonathan ... 389

    Joppe or Jaffa 390

    Joram 390

    Jordan 390 osaphat 390

    Josaphat (Valley of) 390

    Joseph .^ 390

    Joseph (St.) 390

    Joseph (Congregations of St.) 390

    Josephinum 391

    Josephism 391

    Joseph of Arimathea 391

    Josephus Flavius 391

    Josias 391

    Josue 391

    Journalism (Catholic) 392

    Jovinian 396

    Jubilee (The Year of) 396

    Jubilee Year 396

    Juda 396

    Juda (Kingdom of) 396

    Judaea or Judea 396

    Judaizers 397

    Judas 397

    Jude (St.) 397

    Judgment (The Last) 397

    Judgment (The Particular) 397

    Judges (Book of) 398

    Judges of Israel 398

    Judicatum 398

    Julian the Apostate 398

    Julianists 398

    Julius (name of 3 Popes) 398

    Julius Africanus 399

    Jurisdiction 399

    Jus Primae Noctis 400

    Just 400

    Justice 400

    Justification 400

    Justin (St. ) 401

    Juvencus 401

    K

    Kaaba v . . . 402

    Kabala 402

    Kant (Immanuel) 402

    Karaites 402

    Keane (John Joseph) 402

    Kempis (Thomas a) 402

    PAGE

    Kenrick (Francis P.) 402

    Kentigren (St.) 403

    Kilian (St.) 403

    Kings (Books of) 403

    Kings and Emperors 403

    Kissing the Altar 403

    Kiss of Peace 403

    Knights 403

    Know-Nothingism 404

    Knox (John ) 404

    Koran 404

    Kultur-Kampf 404

    Kyrie Eleison 404

    L

    Labadie (John) 405

    Laban 405

    Labarum 405

    Labre (Benedict Jos., St.) 405

    Lachis 405

    Lacordaire (J. B. H.) 405

    Lactantius 405

    Lacticinia 406

    Laetare Sunday 406

    Lainez (James) 406

    Laity 406

    Lamaism 406

    Lamech 406

    Lamennais (H.-F. R. de) 406

    Lamentations 406

    Lance (The Sacred) 407

    Lando 407

    Lanf ranc 407

    Langton (Stephen) 407

    Language 407

    Laodicea 408

    Lapsi 408

    La Salle (J. B.) 408

    Las Casas (Bartholomew) 408

    Lateran (The) 408

    Latimer (Hughes) 409

    Latin Language (Use of the) 409

    Latitudinarians 410

    Latria 410

    Latrocinium 410

    Lauds. . 410

    Laura 410

    Lavabo 410

    Lavigerie (Chas. M. A.) 410

    Law 4»o

    Lawrence or Laurentius Justinianus. . 412

    Lawrence (St.) 4"

    Lawrence O'Toole (St.) 4^2

    Lazarists 4^^

    Lazarus 413

    League (Holy) 4^3

    Leander (St.) 413

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    739

    PAGE

    Lectionary 413

    Lector 413

    Ledochowski (M. H., Count de) 413

    Legate 4^4

    Legio Fulminatrix 414

    Legion (Theboan) 414

    Leibnitz (G. W. von) 414

    Lent 415

    Leo (name of 13 Popes) 416

    Leviticus 419

    Lia 419

    Libanon 419

    Libellatici 420

    Liberius (St.) 420

    Liberties (Gallican) 421

    Libertines 421

    Life 421

    Lights at Divine Service 421

    Liguori (M. A. of) 422

    Limbo 422

    Limbo Puerorum 422

    Litany 422

    Liturgy 423

    Livinus (St.) . . 423

    Llorente (Don Juan A.) 423

    Logothete 424

    Lollards 424

    Lombard (Peter) 424

    Lord's Prayer 424

    Lord's Supper 424

    Loreto 424

    Lot 424

    Louis (St. ) 424

    Louis Bertrand (St.) 424

    Louis of Gonzagua (St.) 425

    Lourdes 425

    Low Sunday 425

    Lucia (St.) 425

    Lucian 425

    Lucianus (St.) 425

    Lucidus, Heretic 426

    Luciferians 426

    Lucius (name of 3 Popes) 426

    Ludmilla (St. ) 426

    Lugo (John de) 426

    Luitprand 426

    Luke (St.) 426

    Lust 426

    Luther (Martin) 427

    Lydia 430

    Lying 430

    Lyons (Councils of) 430

    Lystra 430

    M

    Maacha 43 1

    Mabillon (John) 431

    Macarius (St.) 431

    PAGE

    Macedonia 431

    Macedonius 431

    Machabees (Books of the) 431

    Machabees (The) 431

    Machabeus (Jonathas) 432

    Machabeus (Judas) 432

    Machabeus (Simon) 432

    Madianites 432

    Magdala 432

    Magdalen (St. Mary) 432

    Magdalen de Pazzi (St. Mary) 432

    Mageddo 433

    Magi 432

    Magic 432

    Magnificat 433

    Magog and Gog 433

    Mahomet 433

    Mai (Angelo) 433

    Maid of Orleans 433

    Malachias 433

    Malachy (St.) 433

    Malchus 433

    Maldonatus (John) 433

    Mambre 433

    Mamertus (St.) 433

    Mammon 433

    Man and Science 434

    Manahem 446

    Manasses 446

    Mandseans 446

    Manichaeanism 446

    Maniple 447

    Mankind (Unity of) 447

    Manna 455

    Manning (Henry E.) 455

    Maranatha 455

    Marcellina (St.) 455

    Marcellinus (St.) 456

    Marcellus (name of 2 Popes) 456

    Marcion and Marcionites 456

    Marechal (Ambrose) 456

    Marists 456

    Mark 456

    Mark (St.), Evangelist 456

    Mark (St. ), Pope 457

    Mark's Day 457

    Maronites 457

    Marquette (Jacques) 457

    Marriage 457

    Marriage (Civil) 457

    Marriage (Mixed) 458

    Martha 458

    Martha (Religious of St.) 458

    Martial (St.) 458

    Martin (name of 5 Popes) 458

    Martin of Tours (St.) 458

    Martinelli (Sebastian) 459

    Martyrologium 459

    740

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    PAGE

    Martyrs 459

    Maruthas 460

    Mary (Brothers of) 460

    Mary Immaculate (Oblates of) 460

    Mary (The Blessed Virgin) 460

    Mary (Feasts of) 461

    Mary (Prerogatives of) 461

    Maspha 461

    Mass 461

    Mass of Bolsena 462

    Mass of the Presanctified 462

    Massilians 463

    Massillon ( J. B.) 463

    Massorah 463

    Materialism 463

    Matha (St. John of) 464

    Mathew (Theobald) 464

    Mathurins 464

    Matins 464

    Matrimony 464

    Matrimony (Unity of) 465

    Matthew (St.) 466

    Matthias (St.) 466

    Maundy Thursday 466

    Maurice (St.) 466

    Maurists 466

    Maximus of Jerusalem (St.) 466

    Maximus the Confessor (St.) 466

    Maximus of Turin (St.) 466

    McCloskey (John) 466

    McGlynn (Edward) 467

    Measures ^ 467

    Mechitarists 467

    Media 467

    Meditation 467

    Melanchthon (Philip) 467

    Melania (St. ) 467

    Melchiades (St.) 467

    Melchisedech 467

    Melchisedechians 467

    Melchites 467

    Meletius of Sebaste 467

    Meletius the Heresiarch 468

    Melita 468

    Melito (St.) 468

    Memento 468

    Menander 46S

    Mendicant Orders 468

    Mennonites 468

    Menologium 469

    Mercy (Order of) 469

    Mercy (Sisters of) 469

    Merit 469

    Merodach-Baladan 469

    Merom ( Waters of) 469

    Mesa 469

    Mesopotamia 470

    Mesraim 470

    PAGE

    Mesrop (St.) 470

    Messalians 470

    Messias 470

    Methodism 470

    Methodists in the United States 471

    Methodius (St.) the Confessor 472

    Methodius (St.) of Olympus 472

    Methodius (St.) 473

    Metrophanes 473

    Metropolitan 473

    Mexico (The Church in) 473

    Mezzofanti (Joseph) 473

    Michael (St. ) 473

    Michael Cerularius 473

    Micheas 473

    Michol , . 473

    Miletus 473

    Millennium 473

    Milner (John) 474

    Miltiades (St.) 474

    Miltiades 474

    Minims 474

    Minor Orders 474

    Minucius Felix 474

    Miracle 475

    Miriam 477

    Missal 477

    Mission 477

    Missions and Missionary Institutes. . . 477

    Missions (Protestant) 478

    Missions in India, China, Japan, etc. . 479

    Missions in South America 480

    Missions (Early) in the United States

    and Canada 480

    Mission Work (Statistics of) 481

    Mitre 483

    Mitylene 483

    Mixed Marriages 483

    Mizraim 483

    Moab 483

    Mohammedanism 483

    Mohler (John A.) 484

    Molinism 484

    Molinos (Michael of) 484

    Monarchians 484

    Monastery 484

    Monasticism 484

    Monk 485

    Monogram 485

    Monophysites 485

    Monothelites 486

    Monseigneur 486

    Monstrance 486

    Montalembert (Charles F.) 486

    Montanists 486

    Month (Hebrew) 487

    Morality of Human Actions 487

    Moravian Brethren 487

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    741

    PAGE

    More (Sir Thomas) 488

    Moria 488

    Mormons 488

    Mortal Sin 488

    Mosaic Cosmogony 488

    Mosaism 488

    Moses 489

    Mozarabic Liturgy 489

    Mozart (Wolfgang A.) 489

    Muratori (Ludovico A.) 490

    Muratorian Fragment 490

    Murder 490

    Music (Sacred) 490

    Mysia 491

    Mystery 491

    Mysticism 491

    Myth •. 491

    N

    Naama 492

    Naaman 492

    Naas 492

    Nabal 492

    Nabataneans 492

    Nabopolassar 492

    Naboth 492

    Nabuchodonosor 1 492

    Nabuchodonosor II 492

    Nadab 492

    Nahum 493

    Naim 493

    Nantes (Edict of) 493

    Nathan , 493

    Nathinites 493

    Nativity 493

    Nazarenes 493

    Nazareth 493

    Nazarites 493

    Neale (Leonard) 493

    Neapolis 494

    Nebo 494

    Nechao 494

    Necrology 494

    Necromancy 494

    Nectarius 494

    Nehemias 494

    Nemesius 494

    Neophytes 494

    Nephtali 494

    Nepomuk ( John of) 495

    Nergel 495

    Neri (St. Philip) 495

    Nero 495

    Nestorianism 495

    Netherlands (Protestantism in the).. 495

    Netherlands (Worship in) 496

    Neumann (John N.) 496

    PAGE

    Newman (John H.) 496

    New Mexico Missions 497

    New Zealand (The Church in) 497

    Nicanor 497

    Nice (Councils of) 497

    Nicephorus (St.) 497

    Nicholas (name of 5 Popes) 497

    Nicholas (St.) 498

    Nicholas of Clemanges 498

    Nicholas of Cusa 498

    Nicodemus 498

    Nicolaitans 498

    Nicopolis 498

    Nilus (St.) 498

    Nimbus 499

    Ninian (St.). . . .- 499

    Ninive 499

    Nisan 499

    No 499

    Nobili (Robert de) 499

    Nocturn 499

    Nod 499

    Noe 499

    Noemi 500

    Noetius 500

    Nominalism 500

    Nomocanon 500

    Nonconformists 500

    None 500

    Nonjurors 500

    Norbert (St.) 500

    North-American Missions 500

    Norway (The Church in) 500

    Notker 500

    Notre Dame 500

    Novatian 500

    Novatians 501

    Novena 501

    Novice 501

    Numbers (Book of) 501

    Nun 501

    Nunc Dimittis 501

    Nuncio 501

    o

    Gates (Titus) 502

    Oath 502

    Oblates 502

    Oblation 503

    Occam or Ockam (William) 503

    Ochozias 503

    O'Connell (Daniel) 503

    Octavarium 503

    Octave 503

    CEcolampadius (John) 503

    CEcumenical Council 503

    Offertory 503

    742

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    PAGE

    Office (The Divine) 503

    Og 503

    Oils (Holy) 503

    Olaf (St.)' 504

    Old Catholics 504

    Olier (Jacques) 504

    Olives (Mount of) 504

    Olivetans 504

    Omer (St.) 504

    Omophorion 5**4

    Onkelos 504

    Ontology and Ontologism 504

    Ophir 505

    Ophites 505

    Optatus (St.) 505

    Optimism *• 505

    Opus Operatum 506

    Orangemen 506

    Orarium 506

    Orate Fratres 506

    Oratorians 506

    Oratory 507

    Oratory (The) of Jesus 507

    Ordeals 507

    Order (Holy) 507

    Order (Third) 509

    Orders (Anglican) 509

    Orders (Military) 509

    Orders (Minor) 509

    Orders (Monastic) 510

    Ordinary 510

    Ordination 510

    Organ 510

    Ordo 511

    Origen 511

    Oriental Rites and Churches 511

    Original Sin 514

    Orosius (Paul) 514

    Osee, Prophet 514

    Osee, King 514

    Osiander (Andreas) 514

    Ostiary 514

    Oswald (St.) 514

    Otho (St.) 514

    Othoniel 515

    Ozias 515

    P

    Pacca (Bartholomew) 515

    Paccanarists 515

    Pachomius (St.) 515

    Pacianus (St.) 515

    Paganism 515

    Painting 516

    Palamites 516

    Palestine 516

    Palestrina (Giovanni P. da) 517

    PAGE

    Pall 517

    Pall (Funeral) 517

    Palladius (St.) 1^17

    Palladius of Galatia 517

    Pallavicini (Pietro S.) 517

    Pallium 517

    Palm Sunday 518

    Palmyra 518

    Pamphylia 518

    Pamphylus (St.) 518

    Pange Lingua 518

    Pantaenus (St.) 518

    Pantheism 519

    Pantheon 520

    Papa 520

    Papal States 520

    Papebroch ( Daniel ) , 520

    Paphnutius (St.) 520

    Paphos 520

    Papias (St.) 520

    Parable 520

    Parabolani 520

    Paraclete 520

    Paracleticon 520

    Paradise (Earthly) 521

    Paralipomena 523

    Parasceve 523

    Parents (Duties of Children toward

    Their) 523

    Parents (Duties of, to Their Children) 523

    Parish and Parish Priest 524

    Parker (Matthew) 524

    Parsism 524

    Parthia 524

    Paschal (name of 2 Popes) 524

    Paschal Candle 525

    Paschal Precept 525

    Paschasius Radbertus 525

    Passionists 525

    Passion Play 525

    Passion Sunday 525

    Passover 526

    Pastor ; 526

    Pastoral Letter 526

    Pastoral Staff 526

    Patara 526

    Patarini 526

    Paten 526

    Pater Noster 527

    Patmos 527

    Patriarchs 527

    Patriarchs (Ancient) 527

    Patrick (St.) 527

    Patrimony of St. Peter 528

    Patripassians 528

    Patrology 528

    Patron Saint 529

    Paul (name of 5 Popes) 529

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    743

    Paul (St.) the Apostle 529

    Paul (St.), Hermit 530

    Paul (St.) of Constantinople 530

    Paul of the Cross 530

    Paul of Samosata 530

    Paul (Vincent de) 530

    Paula (St.) 530

    Paulianists '. 53^

    Paulicians 53^

    Paulinus (St.) 53^

    Paulinus (St.) of Treves 531

    Paulinus (St.) of Acquileia 531

    Paulist Fathers 53'

    Pax 531

    Pax Vobis 531

    Pectoral Cross 531

    Pelagius (name of 2 Popes) 531

    Pelagius and Pelagianism 531

    Penance (Sacrament of) 532

    Penance Books 533

    Penitential Discipline 533

    Penitential Psalms 533

    Penitentiary 534

    Penitentiary's Court 534

    Pentateuch (Authenticity of the).... 534

    Pentecost 548

    Pepin the Short 548

    Pepuzians 548

    Pergamum 548

    Perge 548

    Persecutions 548

    Perseverance 549

    Persia 550

    Persia (Christianity in) 550

    Peschito 551

    Pessimism 551

    Petavius 551

    Peter (St.) the Apostle 551

    Peter (Epistles of St.) 551

    Peter (St.) of Alexandria 551

    Peter Chrysologus (St.) 551

    Peter de Bruys ^51

    Peter in Rome 551

    Peter Lombard 552

    Peter Nolasco (St.) 552

    Peter of Alcantara (St.) 552

    Peter's Pence 552

    Peter the Hermit 552

    Peter the Venerable 553

    Petrines 553

    Petrobusians 553

    Phacee 553

    Phaceia 553

    Phaleg 553

    Pharan 553

    Pharao 554

    Pharisees 554

    Pheresites 554

    PAGE

    Philadelphia 554

    Philastrius (St.) 554

    Philemon 554

    Philip (St.) the Apostle 554

    Philip (St.) the Deacon 554

    Philippians (Epistle to the) 554

    Philippine Islands (Church in the) 554

    Philip the Fair 555

    Philip the Tetrarch 555

    Philistines 555

    Philo the Jew 555

    Philosophy 555

    Philostratus 556

    Phoenicia 556

    Photinus 557

    Photius 557

    Phrygia 557

    Phul 557

    Phylacteries 557

    Piarists 557

    Picpus 557

    Pietism 557

    Pilate (Pontius) 557

    Pilgrim and Pilgrimages 557

    Pirkheimer (Wilibald ) 558

    Pisa (Council of) 558

    Piscina 558

    Pistoja (Synod of) 558

    Pistorius (John) 558

    Pitra (John Baptist) 558

    Pius (name of 9 Popes) 559

    Placet 561

    Placidus (St.) 561

    Plagues of Egypt 561

    Plain Chant 561

    Platonism 561

    Pliny the Younger 5^^

    Plotinus 562

    Plymouth Brethern 562

    Poland (Christianity in) 562

    Pole (Reginald) 562

    Polycarp (St.) 562

    Polychronius 563

    Polygamy 563

    Polyglot Bibles 563

    Polynesia (Missions in) 564

    Polytheism 564

    Pombal (Marquis de) '564

    Pontianus (St.) 564

    Pontifical 564

    Pontus 564

    Poor Man of Lyons 564

    Pope 564

    Pope (Election of the) 565

    Pope (Temporal Power of the) 567

    Pope (Prerogatives of the) 567

    Popes (Future) 569

    Popes (List of) 569

    744

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    PAGE

    Porphyrius 572

    Portiuncula 573

    Port Royal (Monastery of) 573

    Portugal (Worship in) 573

    Possession (Diabolical) 573

    Post- Communion 574

    Postulant 574

    Pothinus (St.) 574

    Power (Temporal and Spiritual) 574

    Pragmatic Sanction 575

    Prayer 575

    Prayer (The Lord's) 577

    Prayer (Mental) 577

    Praxeans 577

    Preacher 578

    Preaching Friars 578

    Preadamites 578

    Precious Blood (Congregation of the

    Most) 578

    Preconization 578

    Predestination 578

    Predestined (Number of the) 579

    Predetermination 579

    Pre-existence of Souls 579

    Preface 580

    Prefect Apostolic 580

    Prelates 580

    Premonstratensians 580

    Presanctification (Mass of) 581

    Presbyterians 581

    Presbytery 581

    Prescience 581

    Presence (Real) 582

    Presentation 582

    Presentation (Feast of the) 582

    Preston (Thomas S.) 5S2

    Priest 582

    Primate 582

    Prior 583

    Priscillianists 583

    Probabilism 583

    Processions 584

    Proclamation 585

    Proclus (St.) 585

    Profanation of a Church or Cemetery 585

    Profession (Religious) 585

    Profession of Faith 586

    Promise (Divine) 586

    Propoganda of the Faith 586

    Propoganda of Lyons 587

    Prophets and Prophecies 587

    Prophets (Chronological Table of the) 589

    Prophets (False) 590

    Prophets of Holland 590

    Property 590

    Proselytes 592

    Prosper( St.) 592

    Protestantism (Causes and Effects of) 592

    PAGE

    Prothesis 593

    Protocanonicals 593

    Protomartyr 593

    Protonotaries 593

    Proverbs 593

    Providence 594

    Provincial 594

    Prudentius e^

    Psalms ggj^

    Psalter 595

    Pulcheria (St.) 595

    Punishment (Eternal) 595

    Purcell (John Baptist) : 595

    Purgatory 595

    Purification \\ 595

    Purification ( Feast of the) 596

    Piirim 596

    Puritans 596

    Puteoli 596

    Puseysm 596

    Pyx 596

    Q

    Quadragesima 596

    Quadratus (St.) 596

    Quakers 597

    Quartodecimans 597

    Quesnel (Pasquier) 597

    Quietism 597

    Quinisextum Concilium 597

    Quinquagesima 597

    Quirinius 597

    R

    Rabanus Maurus 597

    Rabbath or Rabbath-Ammon 597

    Rabbi T . . . 597

    Rab-mag or Reb-mag 598

    Rab-saces 598

    Rab-saris 598

    Rabulas (St.) 598

    Raca 598

    Rachel 598

    Radbertus Paschasius 598

    Rages 598

    Rahab 598

    Rama 598

    Ramathaim-Sophim 598

    Raphael 598

    Raphia 598

    Raphidim 598

    Rappe (Amadeus) 598

    Raskolniks 599

    Rationalism 599

    Ratisbonne (Alphonse M.) 600

    Ratisbonne (Maria Theodor) 600

    INDEX OF AR TICLES

    745

    PAGE

    Ratramus 600

    Ravignan (Gustave X. L.) 600

    Raymond of Pennaforte 600

    Realism 600

    Reason and Faith 600

    Recollects 600

    Rector 601

    Redeemer and Redemption 601

    Redemptorists 602

    Reformation (Causes and Effects of). 602

    Regalia 602

    Regeneration 602

    Regina Coeli 602

    Reifenstuel (Anaclet) 602

    Relics 602

    Religion and Virtue of Religion 602

    Religion and History 603

    Religions (Approximate State of ). . . . 605

    Remigius (St.) 605

    Remonstrants 606

    Renan (Joseph E.) 606

    Reprobation 606

    Rescripts 607

    Reservation of Cases 607

    Residence (Duty of) 607

    Resignation 607

    Responsory 607

    Restitution : 607

    Resurrection 608

    Retreat 609

    Reuch (Francis H. ) 609

    Reuchlin (John) 609

    Revelation 609

    Revelation (Primitive) 610

    Revolution (The French) 61 1

    Rhodes 611

    Rhodon 6i i

    Ricci(Lavifrence) 611

    Ricci (Matthew) 612

    Ricci (Scipio) 612

    Richard of St. Victor 612

    Richelieu ( Armand de) 6i3

    Rimini (Council of) 612

    Ring (Episcopal) 612

    Ring (Fisherman's) 612

    Ritual 612

    Robert of Abrissel 612

    Robert of Molesme 612

    Roboam 612

    Rochet 612

    Rogation Days 612

    Romans (Epistle to the) 613

    Romanus (St. ) 613

    Romuald (St.) 613

    Ronge ( John) 613

    Rosary 613

    Rasati ( Joseph) 614

    Roscelin ( John) 614

    'PAGE

    Rose (St.) of Lima 614

    Rosicrucians 614

    Rosmini-Serbati 614

    Rota 614

    Rubrics 614

    Rufinus (Tyrannius) 615

    Rule of Faith 615

    Rupertus (St. ) 615

    Russian Church * 615

    Ruth 615

    Ruthenian Catholics 615

    Ryan (Patrick J.) 615

    s

    Saba 616

    Sabaoth 616

    Sabas (St. ) 616

    Sabatine Bull 616

    Sabbath 616

    Sabbathians 6j6

    Sabeans 616

    Sabellius 616

    Sabina (St.) 616

    Sabinianus (St.) 616

    Sackcloth 617

    Sacraments 617

    Sacrament (Congregations of the

    Blessed) 618

    Sacramentals 618

    Sacramentarians 618

    Sacramentary . . . .• 618

    Sacred Heart 619

    Sacrifice 619

    Sacrifices of the Old Law 620

    Sacrilege 621

    Sacristan 621

    Sacristy 621

    Sadducees 621

    Sadoc 621

    Sainte Anne de Beaupre 622

    Saints (Veneration of the) 622

    Salem 623

    Sales (St. Francis of) 623

    Salesians > 623

    Salle (The Abbe de la) 623

    Salmanasar 623

    Salome 623

    Salomon 623

    Salvation Army 623

    Salvation (No) Outside the Church. . . 623

    Salve Regina 625

    Salvianus 625

    Samaria 625

    Samaritan Pentateuch 626

    Samaritans 626

    Samos 626

    Samosathians 626

    Samothracia 626

    746

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    PAGE

    Samson 626

    Samuel 626

    Sanbenito 627

    Sanchez (Thomas) 627

    Sanctuary 627

    Sanctus 627

    Sanhedrin 627

    San Jago (Order of) .627

    Sara ' 627

    Sarabites 627

    Sardica 627

    Sarepta 627

    Sargon 627

    Satan 627

    Satisfaction 628

    Satolli (Francis) 628

    Saturday (Holy) . 628

    Saul 629

    Saviour 629

    Savonarola (Jerome) 629

    Scapular of Mount Carmel 629

    Scepticism 631

    Schism 631

    Schism of England 631

    Schism of the East 632

    Schism of the West 633

    Scholastica ( St.) 633

    Schools (Brothers of the Christian) . . 633

    Schools and Universities 633

    Science and Revelation 635

    Science and the Formation of the Uni- verse 638

    Scotland (Evangelization of) 640

    Scotland (Protestantism in) 640

    Scotland (The Church in) 640

    Scotus ( John) 640

    Scribe 640

    Sebastian (St. ) 640

    Sebueans or Sebuseans 641

    Secret Discipline 641

    Secret of Confession 641

    Secret Societies 642

    Secular Clergy 642

    Secularization 642

    Sedecias 642

    Sedulius (Coelius) 642

    Seleucia 642

    Sem 642

    Semi-Arians 642

    Seminary 642

    Semi-Pelagians 643

    Sennaar 643

    Sennacherib • 643

    Sensualism 643

    Separatists . 644

    Sepharvaim 644

    Sephora 644

    Septuagesima Sunday 644

    PAGE

    Septuagint 644

    Sequence 644

    Seraphim 645

    Sergius (name of 4 Popes) 645

    Sergius Paulus 645

    Sermon 645

    Serpent 646

    Serra ( Junipero) 646

    Servetus (Michael) 646

    Servites 646

    Servus Sers'orum Dei 647

    Severians 647

    Severinus (St.) 647

    Severinus (St.), Pope 647

    Sexagesima Sunday 647

    Shakers 647

    Shalmaneser III. and V ... 647

    Sheol 647

    Shepherd (Sisters of the Good) 647

    Shrine 647

    Shrovetide 647

    Sichem ■ . 647

    Sidon 647

    Sidonius Apollinaris (St.) 648

    Sign of the Cross 648

    Sila or Silo 648

    Silas or Silvanus 648

    Siloe 6.^8

    Silverius (St.) 648

    Simeon 648

    Simeon (St.), aged Jew 648

    Simeon (St.), Disciple 648

    Simeon Stylites 648

    Simon (St.) 648

    Simon Magus 648

    Simon Stock 649

    Simony 649

    Simplicius (St.) 649

    Sin 649

    Sin (Original) 651

    Sins (Capital) 653

    Sinai 653

    Sion 654

    Sion (Missionary Priests of) 654

    Sion (Notre Dame of) 654

    Siricius (St.) 654

    Sirmium (Councils of) 654

    Sisara 654

    Sisinnius ^54

    Sisterhood 654

    Sisters of the Free Spirit 657

    Sixtus (name of 5 Popes) 657

    Slavery and the Church 657

    Slippers and Stockings 658

    Smet (Peter J. de) 659

    Socialism 659

    Societies (Secret) 659

    Socinianism , 659

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    7A7

    PAGE

    Socrates 660

    Sodom 660

    Solomon 660

    Somaschians 660

    Sophonias 660

    Sophronius (St. ) 660

    Sorbonne ,. 660

    Sorin (Edouard) 660

    Soter (St.) 661

    Soul 661

    South Africa (Catholicity in) 661

    Sozomenus (Hermias) 663

    Spain (Worship in) 663

    Spalding (Martin J.) 663

    Spener (Philip J.) 663

    Spiritualists 663

    Sponsors 663

    Stabat Mater 663

    Staff or Crosier 663

    Station 663

    Stations or Way of the Cross 664

    Stephen (name of 10 Popes) 664

    Stephen (St.), Deacon 665

    Stephen (St.), King 665

    Stephen Harding (St.) 665

    Stigmata 665

    Stole 665

    Stylites 666

    Suarez (Francis) 666

    Subdeacon 666

    Subunists 666

    Suffragan 666

    Suicide 666

    Sulpicians 667

    Sulpicius Severus 667

    Sunday 667

    Supererogation (Works of) 667

    Superstition 667

    Supralapsarians 667

    Surplice 667

    Susanna 668

    Suspension 668

    Sweden (The Church in) 668

    Swedenborg (Emanuel of) 668

    Swithin (St.) 668

    Switzerland (Christianity in) 668

    Switzerland (Worship in) 668

    Syllabus 669

    Sylvester (name of 3 Popes) 669

    Symachus, Pope ^ 669

    Symachus, Writer 669

    Symbol 669

    Synagogue 669

    Synaxis 669

    Syncellus (George) 669

    Synesius 669

    Synod (Diocesan) 669

    Syrian Christians 670

    T

    PAGE

    Tabernacle 670

    Tabernacle (Eucharistic) 670

    Tabor 670

    Taborites 670

    Tache (Alexandre A.) 670

    Tadmor 671

    Tanchelin 671

    Tantum Ergo 671

    Tarasius (St.) 671

    Taschereau (Elzear A.) 671

    Tatian 671

    Taxa Innocentiana 671

    Te Deum 672

    Teglath-Phalasar 672

    Telesphorus (St. ) 672

    Temperance 673

    Templars 672

    Templ% of Jerusalem 672

    Temporal Power of the Pope 672

    Tenebrse 672

    Tertiary • 673

    Tertullian 673

    Testament 673

    Tetrarch 673

    Tetzel (John) 673

    Teutonic Knights 673

    Thabor 673

    Thaddeus 673

    Thanksgiving Day 673

    Theatines 673

    Theban Legion 674

    Thecla (St.) ' 674

    Theiner (Augustin) 674

    Theism 674

    Theocatognosts 674

    Theocracy 674

    Theodicy 674

    Theodore (name of 2 Popes) 675

    Theodore Ascidas 675

    Theodore of Canterbury (St.) 676

    Theodore of Heraclea 676

    Theodore of Mopsuestia 676

    Theodore of Pharan 676

    Theodore the Reader 676

    Theodoret of Cyrus 676

    Theodosius the Great 676

    Theodotus 676

    Theology 677

    Theophanes (Isaurus) 679

    Theophilus (St. ) 679

    Theophilus of Alexandria 679

    Theosophy 679

    Theotokos 679

    Therapeutae 679

    Theresa (St.) 679

    Thessalonians (Epistle to the) 680

    Thomas Didymus 680

    748

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    PAGE

    Thomas Aquinas (St.) 680

    Thomas a Becket (St.) 680

    Thomas a Kempis 681

    Thomas of Celano 681

    Thomas of Villanova (St.) 681

    Thomism (Doctrine of St. Thomas). . 681

    Thomism 683

    Three Chapter Controversy 683

    Thummim 683

    Thurible 683

    Thurificati 683

    Thursday (Holy) 683

    Thyatira 683

    Tiara 683

    Tiberias 683

    Tiberias (Sea of) 684

    Timothy (St.) 684

    Tithes 684

    Title (Catholic) .* . . 684

    Titular Bishop 684

    Titus (St.) 684

    Tobias 685

    Tobias (Book of) 685

    Toleration (Religious) 685

    Tonsure 688

    Tractarians 688

    Tractus 688

    Tradition 688

    Traditionalism 689

    Traditores 690

    Transubstantiation 690

    Trappists 691

    Trent (Council of) 691

    Trinitarians 692

    Trinity (The Most Holy) 692

    Trinity Sunday 694

    Trisagion 694

    Troas 694

    Truce of God 694

    Trullan Synods 694

    Tunic 694

    Turibius (St.) 694

    u

    Ubiquitarians 694

    Umias 694

    Unigenitus (Bull) 695

    Unitarians 695

    United Armenians, etc 695

    United Brethren in Christ 695

    Unity of God 695

    Unity of the Church 696

    Universalists ... 696

    Universities 696

    Ur 696

    Urban (name of 8 Popes) 696

    Urias 697

    PAGE

    Urim and Thummim ^ 69'/

    Ursula (St.) 697

    Ursulines 697

    Utraquists 698

    V

    Valentinians 698

    Valentinus gog

    Valesians gog

    Vallombrosa (Order of) 698

    Vatican Council 698

    Vatican Palace. . , 699

    Vaughan (Herbert) 700

    Veil of the Religious 700

    Veil (The) in Liturgy 700

    Veronica (St.) . 700

    Vespers 700

    Vestments (Sacred) 701

    Viaticum 702

    Vicar Apostolic 702

    Vicar (Capitular) 702

    Vicar General ^02

    Vicar or Assistant 702

    Victor of Africa 702

    Victor (name of 3 Popes) 702

    Victor (St. ) 703

    Victorinus Petaviensis. 703

    Victorinus (Fabius M.) 703

    Vienne 703

    Vigil 703

    Vigilantius 703

    Vigilius, Pope 703

    Vigilius of Thapsus 703

    Vincent (St.) 703

    Vincent of Beauvais 704

    Vincent of Lerins (St. ) 704

    Vincent of Paul (St. ) 704

    Virginity ... 704

    Virtue 704

    Virtues (Cardinal) 704

    Virtues (Theological) 705

    Vision (Intuitive) 705

    Visit ad Limina SS. Apostolorum. . . , 706

    Visitation (Episcopal) 706

    Visitation (Feast of the) 706

    Visitation (Order of the) 706

    Vitalianus 707

    Voltaire ( Franjois M. A. de) 707

    Vow 707

    Vulgate 707

    w

    Waldenses 708

    Walsh (William) 708

    Washing of Feet. 709

    Washing of Hands 709

    Water (Holy) 709

    INDEX OF ARTICLES

    749

    Weights and Measures 710

    Wesel (John) 710

    Wesley (John) 710

    Westphalia (Peace of) 710

    Whitefield (George) 1^

    Whitsunday 7'

    Wilfrid (St.) 7^

    Wilibrord (St.) .7^

    Will (Free) and Grace 71

    Wills in Christ 71

    William of Champeaux 71

    William of Malmesbury 71

    William of Orange 7^

    William of St. Amour 71

    William of Tyre 71

    Williams (David) 712

    Windthorst (Ludwig) 712

    Winebrenner (John) 712

    Winfrid 712

    Wisdom (Book of).. . . , 712

    Wiseman (Nicholas P. ) 712

    Witchcraft 712

    Wolsey (Thomas) 713

    Wood (James F.) 713

    Works (Necessity of Good) 713

    Works of Supererogation 713

    Works (Satisfactory) 713

    Works (Servile) 714

    Worms (Concordat of) 7^4

    Worship 714

    Worship (Ancestor) 715

    Worship and Its Development 71.S

    Writers (Ecclesiastical) 717

    PAGE

    Wulfram (St.) 717

    Wycliffe (John) 717

    X

    Xaverian Brothers 718

    Xavier (Francis) 718

    Xavier (Jerome) 718

    Ximenes de Cisneros (Francis) 718

    Y

    Year (Ecclesiastical) 718

    Young (Brigham) 718

    Yves (St.) 718

    z

    Zabulon, City 719

    Zabulon 719

    Zacharias, King 719

    Zacharias 7^9

    Zacharias, Prophet 7^9

    Zacharias, Priest ... 719

    Zacharias (St.), Pope 719

    Zacheus 719

    Zambri 719

    Zeno (St.) 720

    Zephyrinus (St.) 720

    Zinzendorf 720

    Ziska 720

    Zoroaster or Zarathustra 720

    Zosimus (St.) 721

    Zwickau (Prophets of) 721

    Zwingle and Zwinglians 721






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