FRANCIS SCHAEFFER, for JESUS,
FRANCIS SCHAEFFER, BRIEF-BIO
FRANCIS SCHAEFFER, MANIFESTO BRIEF-BIO
FRANCIS SCHAEFFER, BRIEF-BIO

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An Online Christian Worldview Encyclopedia,
Where God's Word is "STILL...INERRANT!"
PRESENTING FRANCIS SCHAEFFER,
STANDING UP for JESUS, BRIEF-BIO

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Fellow Christian!

    Make no mistake about it: 'YOU!" The BIBLE-BELIEVING CHRISTIAN - whether Preacher, Teacher, Elder, Deacon, Lay Leader, or spouse thereof; Whether Counselor, Christian School Teacher, Children-Youth Worker, Singer-Musician and/or Political Activist VOTING AMERICAN!

    YOU ARE THE ONLY HOPE FOR THE USA!

    This great Nation is absolutely doomed . . . UNLESS the Church of the Lord Jesus Christ can be that Mighty City Shining on the Hill, and powerful Salt that has regained Great Savor! (Matt 5:13-14)

    EXCEPT God build the Nation; . . . they labor in vain to build it! Psalm 127:1

    We at Ministers-Best-Friend.com are retired Ministers, with no goal in life beyond helping all True Ministers of Jesus Christ do the work of Ministry.

    God has blessed and is blessing. Our TOP PRIORITY is helping start new Ministries. In 2011, "Ministers-Best-Friend" provided the paperwork for 778 new Churches/Ministries per month! (See "FREE LEGAL PACKET" above left)

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Fellow-Laborer's For Christ:

    Why did we name our website "Ministers-Best-Friend.com?"

    Because. . . that's what we strive to be . . . the Dedicated, Evangelistic, Bible Minister's absolute BEST MINISTRY FRIEND IN THE WORLD as follows:

      (A) By offering the very best in Christian Study Resources (See right margin menu);

      (B) From several Online Christian Encyclopedias for "Students-N-Scholars";

      (C) The New International Standard Series of Encyclopedias, Dictionaries, Commentaries, Lexicons, and the EIGHT-VERSION SIDE-by-SIDE "DECATHALOGUE!" (Right Menu Above) and more;

      (D) The Cambridge Theological Seminary offers the Very Best Name in Ministry Credentials;

      (E) Serving 180+ nations: USA #1, China #2, Russia #3

[1] Full-&-Legal ORDINATION for all phases of Ministry:

    ** Preachers, Pastors and Evangelists;
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    ** Sunday School and Bible Study Teachers are "God-called Ministers!"
    ** Christian School Teachers and Children's Workers!
    ** All Deacons and Elders NEED to be Ordained!
    ** Singers, Musicians, Praise and Worship Leaders;
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    ** Every person having a 'Call to Ministry' needs to be "Ordained to Ministry to reap the benefits thereof: Financially, Influence, Credentials, etc;

    Online "Free!" Ordination for Bible Believers Only

    For all Ordination needs, please see:
    Ministerial Ordination Process:

[2] Chaplain's Ordination, Full & Legal, Certified & Registered - can be "Board Certified" - Licensed & Ordained: Online "Free!" Chaplaincy Ordination

[3] Chaplaincy Training for Certification and Employment with Endorsement, from Jail & Hospital to Schools, Courts, Police & Fire Dept: Online "Free!" Chaplaincy Training & Several Certifications

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[5] Two-Year, Four-Year, and Master's Degree Programs in "Biblical Studies" for all genuine Bible-Believing Preachers & Bible and School-Teachers; Online "Free!" Degree Programs Biblical Studies

[6] How to Start a New Church or Ministry, Tax-Exempt from the first day, even in your home . . . a Beautiful 33-Page Fill-in-The-Blank packet (With Charter). . .just for a Free-will love Offering; Start-A-Church-Legal Packet

[7] How to Start an Accredited Bible Institute in your Local Church as an affiliate of Cambridge Theological Seminary (With Charter) - just for a Free-will love Offering; Start a Bible Institute in Your Church

[8] Free English Lessons for Hispanic/Latinos - Christians Only - with College Credit, starts about 3rd-4th grade level; [UNDER CONSTRUCTION] Free English Lessons for Hispanic/Latinos

[9] Need a High School Diploma? Get a true, genuine honest Diploma, back-dated to 1977 if need be; Need a High School Diploma?

[10] Website for your Ministry, free website instruction, for Bible Believers only; Website for your Ministry,

[11] Home Schooling - not FREE yet . . . but soon will be. . . for Bible Believers only; Home Schooling - not FREE yet

[12] Licensed Christian Counselors Program with Basic Lessons, allowing you to charge fees and gain income, for absolute Bible Believers only; Free Licensed Christian Counselors

[13] Full-&-Legal Ordination as "Minister of Music" for all phases of Church Music program: Singers, Musicians, Sound=Technicians, Praise & Worship Leaders, Banners, etc. Online "Free!" Ordination for Ministers of Music

[14] Doctorate in Music helping magnify your music ministry, for Bible Believers only; Can you use a "Doctoral Degree" in Praise-&-Worship Music?

[15] "Certified Scholar of the Bible" in several basic programs, where you take an OPEN BIBLE - SELF-ADMINISTERED TEST.

    Why OPEN BIBLE? The goal is NOT to test your memory!!! . . . but to test your ability to UNDERSTAND . . .the Word of God as you read it!

    All we ask is that you "Sign, Under God, that you did the work yourself." The Credential is Extremely Beautiful, and it makes you a "BOARD CERTIFIED FELLOW" of Cambridge Theological Seminary.

"Certified Scholar of the Bible" Program

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CHRISTIPEDIA

Online Christian Encyclopedia

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Browse Massive Evidence Below:
"AMERICAN DECLARATION of INDEPENDENCE"
Declares USA Recognizes: "SELF-EVIDENT TRUTHS!"
Declaring ALL are "CREATED" equal!
Endowed by Their "CREATOR"
With 'Certain', 'Inalienable', 'Rights';
1776 AMERICAN FLAG 1776 THOMAS-JEFFERSON-DECLARATION-of-INDEPENDENCE1776 AMERICAN FLAG 1776
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Statesman Thomas Jefferson
Author, Immortal USA Declaration of Independence'
AMERIPEDIA Thomas Jefferson: His Personal "TRIBUTE to DECLARATION of INDEPENDENCE

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U.S. Supreme Court Decision:
(Unanimous Decision!) "THIS IS A CHRISTIAN NATION!"
Trinity vs. New York, 143 US 457, 36 L ed 226,

Thomas Jefferson!
"Most Misunderstood" Founding Father!
Some say Non-Christian for REJECTING Christ's Divinity
(He believed like Jehovah's Witnesses: Not Mainstream but Christian!)
THOMAS-JEFFERSON-SIGNATURE

However, multitudes of Christians IN ALL AGES saw
Christ as "PERFECT MAN" the "SECOND ADAM" Rom 5:6-16
Worshipping Christ as SAVIOUR and KING, but not DIVINE!( Arianism)

    FACT! President Jefferson STARTED Church in the US Capitol Building!

    FACT! He JOINED it the same weekend he wrote SEPARATION CHURCH-STATE letter!

    FACT! Jefferson ALLOWED several groups to have Church in the US Capitol!

    FACT! He oversaw other Churches in the US TREASURY and SUPREME COURT!

    FACT! Jefferson hired MARINE BAND to play each Lord's Day...

    FACT! ... And paid them with TAX DOLLARS!

    FACT! FEW - WHO EVER LIVED - were better Disciples of Christ than Thomas Jefferson!

For Many More, See this THOMAS JEFFERSON "FACT SHEET!"

Jefferson, Joins, Supports, Leads Church in US Capitol: FOOTNOTES [1-43]

Capitol Church Photos on OFFICIAL US GOV WEBSITE

President James Madison Joined Jefferson's Capitol Church!
Jefferson, Madison Belong to Church in US Capitol: FOOTNOTE [14]
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Don't be Fooled by "Willfully Blind", Atheist, Anti-Christian, "Deceived-and-Deceiving" College Professors,


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Mitt Romney, Ann Romney, Tim Tebow, Trayvon! Tray's Mom! Jeremy Lin,

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BRIEFS: MOST LISTENED TO MINISTERS
Wealth-Seekers? Shallow? Heretics? God-Called? Blessed?
(CLICK PICTURES)

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Joel Osteen, Joe Prince, Rick Warren, T.D. Jakes, Joyce Meyer, D.J. Kennedy
(See Minister'S MAIN PAGE! 100 Leading Ministers-Churches)
(More than can be said for most Media Ministers! (other's too!)
(CLICK PICTURES)

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R. Limbaugh, S. Hannity, L. Ingraham, G. Beck, M. Crowley, M. Savage;
(See Leading American Talk Radio Program Hosts!)

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BRIEFS: MODERN MARTYRS (COLUMBINE!)
These Girls Shot/Died for Faith in Christ!
(CLICK PICS FOR STORY)

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Perpetua, K. Rueggsegger, C. Bernall, A. Charboniere,R. Scott, V. Schnurr, Cassie!

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BRIEFS: AMERICAN CHRISTIAN EDUCATORS:
These Men Founded Christian Universities!
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B. Jones, O. Roberts, L. Roberson, J. Falwell, J. Hyles, A. Horton, P. Robertson

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These Men Founded Great Churches-Ministries!
(CLICK PICS FOR STORY)

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Tony Evans, T.D. Jakes, Creflo Dollar, Fred Price, "HUTCH!", Charles Blake

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These Leaders Are Changing Your World!
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M. Rubio....S. Martinez...L. Palau...G. Maldonado...K. Guilfoyle...W. de Jesus

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Newt Gingrich, Rick Santorum, Herman Cain, Michele Bachmann, Mitt Romney, Ron Paul
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BRIEFS: AFRICAN-AMERICAN FEMALE LEADERS!
These Leaders Are Changing Your World!
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S. Parker...G. Brigitte...A McGlowan...H. Faulkner...A. Holmes...K. Watts;

SKULL and BONES Homosexuality Shortens Lifespan 20 to 25 Years!SKULL and BONES

SELF-CONFESSED LISTS:

HOMO & PRO-HOMO SODOMITES: PASTORS, MINISTERS, LEADERS

LESBIAN and PRO-LESBIAN PASTORS, CHAPLAINS, LEADERS

(Has YOUR "Spiritual Leader" COME OUT?)

AMERIPEDIA: George Washington on HOMOSEXUALITY

Early Church OUTLAWS HOMOSEXUALITY in Roman Empire!

"DID YOU KNOW?
EVERY REVIVAL in Bible Began by Removing SODOMITES!
1 Kin 14:24, 1 Kin 15:15, 1 Kin 22:6, 2 Kin 23:7,
(OBEDIENCE, Deut 23:17, NOT PRAYER, Brings REVIVAL!)
SKULL and BONESSODOMITES: Acceptance is SIN, Approval is BLASPHEMY! SKULL and BONES

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These People Decide What's Happening!
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Rick Warren...Miss Home School...Charles Payne...H. L. Gates Jr....Carrie Prejean;

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NewtonStein:
 Web's Largest "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible Resource;
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"HAECKEL'S DRAWINGS" FRAUD In SCIENCE!

Haeckel's Imaginary Drawings: 100 Years of Error!

The 40-Year “Piltdown Man Hoax!”

The "Nebraska Man" becomes a "Pig's Tooth!"

10 Scientific Frauds that Rocked the World!

Global Warming Hoax (Hundreds of Articles!)

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"GENESIS-1" TRUTH In SCIENCE!

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The Greatest Encyclopedia, By Worldly Standards!
The Most Dangerous Encyclopedia, by Christian-Patriotic Standards!

"WIKIPEDIA (WIKED-PEDIA?) WARNING!"

FACT: Wiki Philosophy: ATHEIST, ANTI-CHRISTIAN, ANTI-BIBLE;
FACT: We Recognize Wikipedia's Great Success . . . BUT
URGE YOU NOT TO TRUST THEIR ANTI-CHRISTIAN BIAS!

Take a Moment and Check how OUTRAGEOUS!

WIKIPEDIA: ANTI-AMERICA, ANTI-BIBLE, ANTI-CHRIST!
WIKI “TRIPLE XXX-RATED For Your CHILDREN!”
WIKIPEDIA FOUNDER JIMMY WALES, CELEBRATED ATHEIST
Early Fathers! Reformation! 1st-&-2nd Great Awakenings, Study Resources)

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BRIEFS: MOST LISTENED TO MEDIA MOGULS!
All Are Christian/Jewish, Preaching Against SIN! STRONGLY!

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FREE Doctoral Degree for True Bible Preachers and Teachers!

Do you qualify for a Doctoral Degree in Sacred Music?

"CAMBRIDGE!"
STILL...The GREATEST Name in Education!
A CAMBRIDGE Degree...YOUR Name...YOUR Wall...
WHEN?
DIPLOMA FRAME & MEDALLION

CAP, DIPLOMA WITH BORDEROLD DIPLOMAMAROON DIPLOMA GOLD TASSEL

Do You Qualify for
An Honorary "Doctor of Divinity" from Cambridge Theological Seminary?
If you believe God's Word as Stated Above:
Probably!
(Click for a Free Evaluation!)
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What Is
The WORD of GOD?
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CHRISTIPEDIA™
Statement On The Holy Scriptures;
‘Lens’ Through Which ALL Knowledge Is Understood;

THE WORD of GOD, AXIOM-1:
    "IF" there exists any such thing as 'The Word of God'; [and ALL evidence proves such does exist:]

    "THEN" by inherent definition - it must be "GOD-BREATHED!"

      (Holy, Inspired, Inerrant, Intrepid, Infallible, Infinitive, Invincible, Indestructible, Inexhaustible, Inalienable, Immutable, Implacable, Impossible-to-Improve: Eternal and Indubitable - NEVER FAILING - and ALL CONQUERING!)

      DEDUCTING the above from the simple fact: That GOD EQUATES HIS WORD WITH HIMSELF!

        "In the Beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God, . . ." John 1:1 (and other Scriptures),
    Thus 'GOD'S WORD' can have no lesser standard than that stated;


    "GOD'S WORD MUST" THEREFORE BE:

      As true in history, archeology, geography, Earth science, medical science, nutrition, gerontology, agriculture, botany, astronomy, physics, chemistry, climatology, government, law, psychology, sociology - and every subject it touches - as in Theology, Divinity and Doctrine:

    And "IF IT BE NOT" - true in ALL subjects mentioned above; and And "IF IT BE NOT"

      Holy, Inspired, Inerrant, Intrepid, Infallible, Infinitive, Invincible, Indestructible, Inexhaustible, Inalienable, Immutable, Implacable, Impossible-to-Improve: Eternal and Indubitable in EVERY FIELD OF KNOWLEDGE:
    Whatever else such writing may be, it cannot be ‘The Incomparable Word’ of the Great Creator God!

God's Eternal Guarantee!
"Heaven and Earth Shall Pass Away;
But 'MY WORDS', SHALL NOT, PASS AWAY!"

-- Jesus of Nazareth, "The Messiah!" AD-33 (Matthew 5:18)

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"God's Goals"

For This World! Right Now! Today!

(Christ taught us to Pray! Matt 6:10, Luke 11:2)

Does God Achieve His Goals?
OR, does Satan achieve his goals?

(All Teaching and Commentary from "INSPIRED-INERRANT!" View of Scripture!)

THE MOST IMPORTANT "3-QUESTION QUIZ" - EVER!

    The Adversary’s Goals:

    SCRIPTURE: "The ‘Devil’ ... walketh about seeking whom he may DEVOUR."   1 Pet 5:8

    SCRIPTURE: "The ‘Thief’ (Devil) cometh not, but for to steal, to kill and to DESTROY." John 10:10

      QUESTION: Do you Believe the Devil Succeeds?___ Or Fails?___

    God the Father’s Goals:

    SCRIPTURE: "For God sent NOT His Son into the world TO CONDEMN the world, but that THE WORLD though Him might BE SAVED! John 3:16 John 3:17

    SCRIPTURE: "Beloved, be NOT ignorant of this ONE THING, ...The Lord is... NOT WILLING that ANYshould perish, but that ALL should come to REPENTANCE. 2 Pet 3:9

      QUESTION: Do you Believe Father God Succeeds?___ Or Fails?___

    God the Son’s Goals:

    SCRIPTURE: "For the Son of Man is come to seek and to SAVE that which is lost!" Luke 19:10 "For I came NOT to judge the world, but to SAVE the world. John 12:47

    SCRIPTURE: "And I, if I be lifted up from the Earth, I WILL DRAW ALL men unto Me." John 12:32

      QUESTION: Do you Believe God the Son (Jesus Christ): Succeeds?___ Or Fails?___ center>

    God the Spirit’s Goals:

    SCRIPTURE: Jesus declares: "'I ’WILL’' send Him (Holy Spirit) unto you, and when He is come 'He ’WILL’' testify of Me: John 14:26

    SCRIPTURE: "He ’WILL’ reprove the world [convict, convince, correct] of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment: John 16:7

    SCRIPTURE: (1)Of Sin, because they believe not on me; ... (2) Of Righteousness, because I go to my Father; ...(3)Of Judgment, because the 'Prince of this World' IS JUDGED![A] John 16:8-10

      QUESTION: Do you believe God the Spirit Succeeds?___ Or Fails?___

      Who Achieves STATED GOALS? GODHEAD or Satan?

      If you believe,
        God the Father,
          God the Son, &
            God the Spirit,
              Achieve Goals, NOT Satan;

                Please "CLICK" below!

    "I Believe GOD ACHIEVES HIS GOAL for SOULS of this World!"


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    The "Inerrant Word of God!" Declares

    "These things have I WRITTEN unto you who BELIEVE,
    THAT YE MAY KNOW that ye have Eternal Life." 1 John 5:13

    So How Can We Know?

    Dearest Visitor!
    People PRAY 'ROUND-THE-CLOCK' for ALL who VISIT THIS PAGE!
    We BEG of YOU - TODAY - to "M-E-M-O-R-I-Z-E!" this SCRIPTURE!

    "These things have I written unto you who BELIEVE,
    THAT YE MAY KNOW That ye HAVEETERNAL LIFE!" 1 John 5:13

    Let's Break it Down!
    "These things have I WRITTEN (Absolute, Unchangable Forever!)
    Unto You who BELIEVE, (BELIEVE! Plus Nothing! Minus Nothing!)
    THAT YE MAY K-N-O-W! (NOT 'Hope', 'Wish', 'Think', 'Suppose', etc.,)
    That ye HAVE! (NOT "WILL HAVE"...SOMEDAY! But HAVE NOW!)
    Eternal Life!"(You "Receive" Christ, He comes into Your HEART PROMISING!
    "I WILL NEVER LEAVE YOU NOR FORSAKE YOU!" Heb 13:5

    YOU invite Christ in; HE GUARANTEES: "I WILL NEVER LEAVE'!" IT'S SETTLED!

    FACT!
    You know "IF" you believe that Jesus Christ died on the Cross:
    For the sins of all humanity! (Including your own!);

    FACT!
    "IF" You DO BELIEVE, You have, ETERNAL LIFE NOW! For SURE! For EVER!

    PLEASE CLICK IF YOU BELIEVE
    I DO BELIEVE!
    ETERNAL LIFE KNOWN FOR SURE IN THIS LIFE! 1 John 5:13

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    Many Fine Bible Scholars seem unaware,
    Of Christ's Great Parable covering the whole Church Age,
    From His Sowing First Seed to His Great End-Time Harvest of Souls!
    And Final Judgment of the Unsaved and their Damnation;
    To Christ’s Presence with us and The Eternal Kingdom!

    (See Greatest Parable on End of Times!)

    Christ’s Greatest Parable on End of Times: Brief Overview

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      [2] Type in SEARCH WORD, Phrase, Scripture, etc.,

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    DEAR FRIEND!
    Please Visit Home Page
    Before Moving on with Your Studies!
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    CHRISTIPEDIA

    FRANCIS SCHAEFFER;

    STANDING UP for JESUS, BRIEF-BIO;

    (All NewtonStein "INSPIRED-INERRANT" Bible View!)

    FRANCIS SCHAEFFER, STANDING UP for JESUS, BRIEF-BIO

      Francis August Schaeffer (30 January 1912 – 15 May 1984[1]) was an American Evangelical Christian theologian, philosopher, and Presbyterian pastor.

      He is most famous for his writings and his establishment of the L'Abri community in Switzerland.

      Opposed to theological modernism, Schaeffer promoted a more historic Protestant faith and a presuppositional approach to Christian apologetics which he believed would answer the questions of the age.

      A number of Christian leaders, authors, and evangelists credit Schaeffer's ideas with helping spark the rise of the Christian Right in the United States and were strongly influenced by him.

      Among them are:

        >> Operation Rescue founder Randall Terry,

        >> Focus on the Family's James Dobson,

        >> the 700 Club's Pat Robertson,

        >> Prison Fellowship's Charles Colson, columnist Cal Thomas,

        >> preacher and author Tim LaHaye,

        >> former Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris,

        >> and Liberty University and Moral Majority founder Jerry Falwell [2].


      Schaeffer's wife, Edith (Seville) Schaeffer, has become a prolific author in her own right.[3] Schaeffer was also the father of - and at times collaborator with, and at times the object of criticism from - his wayward son Frank "Frankie" Schaeffer, . . .

      . . . an author, film-maker and painter . . . and a liberal, leftest radical, PRO-GAY, PRO-ABORTION modernist loon, the very thing his dad worked and taught against his whole life!

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      Biography

      Schaeffer was born on January 30, 1912, in Germantown, Pennsylvania to Franz A. Schaeffer III and Bessie Williamson.[4]

      In 1935, Schaeffer graduated magna cum laude from Hampden-Sydney College. The same year he married Edith Seville, the daughter of missionary parents who had been with China Inland Mission founded by Hudson Taylor.

      Schaeffer then enrolled at Westminster Theological Seminary in the fall and studied under Cornelius Van Til (presuppositional apologetics) and J. Gresham Machen (doctrine of inerrancy).[5]

      In 1937, Schaeffer transferred to Faith Theological Seminary, graduating in 1938. This seminary was newly formed as a result of a split in the Presbyterian Church of America (now the Orthodox Presbyterian Church) and the Bible Presbyterian Church, a Presbyterian denomination more identified with Fundamentalist Christianity and sadly, premillennialism.

      Schaeffer was the first student to graduate and the first to be ordained in the Bible Presbyterian Church.

      He served pastorates in Pennsylvania (Grove City and Chester) and St. Louis, Missouri. He later left the BPC and joined the Reformed Presbyterian Church, Evangelical Synod,[6] a forerunner of the Presbyterian Church in America, an evangelical denomination.

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      In 1948, the Schaeffer family moved to Switzerland and in 1955 established the community called L'Abri (French for "the shelter").[1][7] Serving as both a philosophy seminar and a spiritual community, L’Abri attracted thousands of young people, and was later expanded into Sweden, France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States.

      In 1954, Schaeffer was awarded the honorary Doctor of Divinity degree from Highland College in Long Beach, California.[8]

      In 1971, Schaeffer received the honorary Doctor of Letters degree from Gordon College in Wenham, Massachusetts.[9]

      In 1982, John Warwick Montgomery nominated Schaeffer for an honorary Doctor of Laws degree, which was conferred in 1983 by the Simon Greenleaf School of Law, Anaheim, California in recognition of his apologetic writings and ministry.[10]

      Schaeffer died of lymphoma on May 15, 1984, in Rochester, Minnesota.[11][12]

      Family relationships

      In contrast to Schaeffer's own experience as a single child of a father with a third-grade education and a disappointed mother, he grew up with a drive to understand reality in its complexity, including the glorious and tragic human realities.

      He was deeply engaged in the lives of each of his four children, continuously available to them, showing and explaining art, history, city and country life, philosophy, Roman ruins and medieval and Renaissance efforts to civilize a damaged human history.

      He enjoyed watching people, engaging them in conversation and showing his children the joy and tragedy of human existence. He laid out for them the philosophic foundations of societies without being idealistic about any of them.

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      Son Turns against dad!In "Crazy for God!", Schaeffer's son Frank presents a portrait of his father that is far more nuanced and multi-dimensional than was suggested by his public persona.

      He states, for example, that:

        >> Schaeffer's primary passions in life were not the Bible and theology but rather art and culture.

        >>"And what moved him was not theology but beauty"(p. 140).

        >> son claims he had frequent bouts with depression,

        >>and a verbally and physically abusive relationship with his wife, Edith.[13]


        Those in the inner circle at L'Abri challenge Frank's account. Os Guinness, who lived with the Schaeffers and was a close friend of both the younger and elder Schaeffer, described Crazy for God as a "scurrilous caricature" and said, "[N]o one should take Frank's allegations at face value."[14]

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      Apologetics

      Schaeffer's approach to Christian apologetics was primarily influenced by Herman Dooyeweerd, Edward John Carnell, and Cornelius Van Til, but he was not known to be a strict presuppositionalist in the Van Tillian tradition.

      His approach to culture was heavily influenced by his friendship with Hans Rookmaaker.

      In a 1948 article in The Bible Today, Schaeffer explained his own apologetics and how he walked a middle path between evidentialism and presuppositionalism, noting that

        "If the unsaved man was consistent he would be an atheist in religion, an irrationalist in philosophy (including a complete uncertainty concerning 'natural laws'), and completely a-moral in the widest sense."[15]

      J. Budziszewski summarizes the article about this middle path approach by writing:

        >> Presuppositionalists, he held, are right to assert that the ultimate premises of Christian and anti–Christian systems of thought are utterly at odds in relation to their origin.

        >> On the other hand, evidentialists are right to assert that between Christian and anti–Christian systems of thought there is always a point of contact in the shape of reality itself.

        >> The reason for this point of contact, he argued, is that nonbelievers cannot bring themselves to be completely consistent with their own presuppositions, and this inconsistency is a result of what many call common grace and is in fact the reality of God having made, and spoken into, a defined and unavoidable creation.

        >> "Thus, illogically," he wrote, "men have in their accepted worldviews various amounts of that which is ours. But, illogical though it may be, it is there and we can appeal to it."[16]


      Schaeffer came to use this middle path as the basis for his method of evangelism which he called "Taking the Roof Off."[17]

      An example of "Taking the Roof Off" in written form can be found in Schaeffer's work entitled Death in the City.[18] Nancy Pearcey also describes two books by Schaeffer, Escape From Reason and The God Who Is There in this way:

      In these books, Schaeffer explains the history of the two-story division of knowledge, often referred to as the fact/value split. He also describes his apologetics method, which combined elements of both evidentialism and presuppositionalism.[19]

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      Influence of Rushdoony

      In the 1960s Schaeffer read the works of Reconstructionist theologian Rousas John Rushdoony with appreciation, "and it is quite likely that Schaeffer’s belief that the United States was founded on a Christian base came in part from Rushdoony." [4]

      Schaeffer later lost this fervor because:

        [A] Rushdoony was a postmillennialist (holding the doctrine that the kingdom of God will be built on earth before the second coming of Jesus)

        [B] while Schaeffer was a premillenialist (holding that the kingdom of God will only be ushered in with the second coming).

        [C] Further Schaeffer thought that Rushdoony’s system would require a merger of church and state, which he opposed.

        [D] Schaeffer held that the principles, not the actual details, of Old Testament civil law were applicable under the New Covenant of Jesus.

        [E] Schaeffer wrote "The moral law [of the Old Testament], of course, is constant, but the civil law only was operative for the Old Testament theocracy.

        [F] Schaeffer finishes: "I do not think there is any indication of a theocracy in the New Testament 'u-n-t-i-l Christ returns as king!"[4]

        [NOTE: We ask, "But is not Christ the KING RIGHT NOW, REIGNING at the Right Hand of the father U-N-T-I-L his enemies are put under His feet!


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      Legacy

      Today, roughly twenty-five years after his death (from lymphoma in 1984), his teachings continue in the same informal setting at "The Francis A. Schaeffer Foundation in Gryon, Switzerland."

      It is led by one of his daughters and sons-in-law as a small-scale alternative to the original L'Abri Fellowship International which is still operating in nearby Huemoz-sur-Ollon and other places in the world.

      On the other hand, Schaeffer's son Frankie Schaeffer initially supported his father's ideas and political program, . . . but has since distanced himself from many of those views and has converted to the American liberal, democratic-PRO-GAY, PRO-ABPRTION political view a well as joining the Eastern Orthodox Church.[20]

      Covenant Theological Seminary has established the Francis A. Schaeffer Institute directed by a former English L'Abri member, Jerram Barrs.

      The purpose of the school is to train Christians to demonstrate compassionately and defend reasonably what they see as the claims of Christ on all of life.[21]

      Institute of Church Leadership

      Francis Schaeffer’s work and legacy continues today.

      In 1978, Schaeffer asked a group of Reformed Episcopal Clergy to research his thoughts and current trends, forming a church guild called “The Society of Reformed Philosophical Thinkers” that later in 1988 merged with “Into Thy Word Ministries,” . . .

      . . .also envisioned by Schaeffer, and then the remnants of the “Charles E. Fuller Institute” in 1998 were merged forming, “The Francis A. Schaeffer Institute of Church Leadership Development.”

      Its purpose is continuing the work which started in Carmel California as a think-tank and Bible literacy project, currently in Pasadena, Ca.

      This endeavor came into fruition the late 70's by Schaeffer’s personal bible study at L’Abri and his lectures worldwide which inspired a vision to strategize how to reach and train pastors and church leaders to focus on Christ centered principles.

      The vision continues for over thirty years and calls for a commitment to point the church back to “true-Truth” and “true spirituality” onto the path of making disciples.

      For the last twenty years they have been doing church and bible research in a deep doctoral level, not snapshots and phone surveys and publish comprehensive studies.

      And with ministry partners, develop comprehensive curriculum and equipping helps for pastors, church planters and church leaders. “It is our passion and directive to lead Christians away from our false perceptions and into His Way.”

      Schaeffer popularized, in the modern context, a conservative, though not a fully Calvinism|Reformed perspective.

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      Political activism

      Francis Schaeffer is credited by many with helping spark a return to political activism among Protestant evangelicals and fundamentalists in the late 1970s and early 1980s, especially in relation to the issue of abortion.

      In his memoir Crazy for God, Schaeffer's son Frank takes credit for pressing his father to take on the abortion issue, which Schaeffer initially considered "too political."[13]

      Schaeffer called for a challenge to what he saw as the increasing influence of secular humanism.

      Schaeffer's views were expressed in two works, his book entitled A Christian Manifesto, as well as the book and film series, Whatever Happened to the Human Race?.

      A Christian Manifesto

      Schaeffer's A Christian Manifesto[22] was published in 1981.

      The name of the book is intended to position its thesis as a Christian answer to The Communist Manifesto of 1848 and the Humanist Manifesto documents of 1933 and 1973.

      Schaeffer's diagnosis is that the decline of Western Civilization is due to society having become increasingly pluralistic, resulting in a shift "away from a world view that was at least vaguely Christian in people’s memory... toward something completely different".

      Schaeffer argues that there is a philosophical struggle between the people of God and the secular humanists to establish the American world-view.

      In a sermon also titled "A Christian Manifesto", Schaeffer defines secular humanism as the worldview where "man is the measure of all things,"

      . . . and in the book he claims that critics of the Christian Right miss the mark by confusing the "humanist religion" with humanitarianism, the humanities, or love of humans.

      He describes the conflict with secular humanism as a battle in which "these two religions, Christianity and humanism, stand over against each other as totalities."

      He writes that the decline of commitment to objective truth that he perceives in the various institutions of society is "not because of a conspiracy, but because the church has forsaken its duty to be the salt of the culture." Schaeffer explains:[23]

      A true Christian in Hitler's Germany and in the occupied countries should have defied the false and counterfeit state and hidden his Jewish neighbors from the German SS Troops.

      The government had abrogated its authority, and it had no right to make any demands.

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      He then suggests that similar tactics be used to stop abortion.

      But Schaeffer argues he is not talking about a theocracy:

        >> State officials must know that we are serious about stopping abortion,...

        >> First, we must make definite that we are in no way talking about any kind of theocracy. Let me say that with great emphasis.

        >> Witherspoon, Jefferson, the American Founders had no idea of a theocracy. That is made plain by the First Amendment, and we must continually emphasize the fact that we are not talking about some kind, or any kind, of a theocracy.[24]

        >> Christian Reconstructionists Gary North and David Chilton were highly critical of A Christian Manifesto and Schaeffer.[25]


      Their critical comments were prompted, they wrote, by the popularity of Schaeffer's book (pp. 116–17).

      They suggested that Schaeffer supports pluralism because he sees the First Amendment as freedom of religion for all; and they themselves reject pluralism (pp. 128–29).

      Pointing out negative statements Schaeffer made about theocracy, North and Chilton then explain why they promote it (pp. 121–22).

      They extend their criticism of Schaeffer:

        "The fact remains that Dr. Schaeffer’s manifesto offers no prescriptions for a Christian society.

        We mention that merely in the interests of clarity, for we are not sure that anybody has noticed it up to now.

        The same comment applies to all of Dr. Schaeffer’s writings: he does not spell out the Christian alternative.(pp. 127-28; emphasis North and Chilton)"

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      Influence on the Christian Right

      Christian Right leaders such as Tim LaHaye have credited Schaeffer for influencing their theological arguments urging political participation by evangelicals.[26]

      Randall Terry, the founder of Operation Rescue, also acknowledged the influence of Schaeffer.

      Beginning in the 1990s, critics began exploring the intellectual/ideological connection between Schaeffer’s political activism and writings of the early 1980s to contemporary religious-political trends in the Christian Right, sometimes grouped under the name Dominionism, with mixed conclusions.

      Sara Diamond and Frederick Clarkson[27] have written articles tracing the activism of numerous key figures in the Christian Right to the influence of Francis Schaeffer.

      According to Diamond:

        "The idea of taking dominion over secular society gained widespread currency with the 1981 publication of...Schaeffer's book A Christian Manifesto.

        The book sold 290,000 copies in its first year, and it remains one of the movement's most frequently cited texts."[28]

      Diamond summarizes the book and its importance to the Christian Right:

        "In A Christian Manifesto, Schaeffer's argument is simple.

        The United States began as a nation rooted in Biblical principles.

        But as society became more pluralistic, with each new wave of immigrants, proponents of a new philosophy of secular humanism gradually came to dominate debate on policy issues.

        Since humanists place human progress, not God, at the center of their considerations, they pushed American culture in all manner of ungodly directions, the most visible results of which included legalized abortion and the secularization of the public schools.

        At the end of "A Christian Manifesto", Schaeffer calls for Christians to use civil disobedience to restore Biblical morality, which explains Schaeffer's popularity with groups like Operation Rescue.

        Randall Terry has credited Schaeffer as a major influence in his life.[28]


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      Frederick Clarkson explains that this had practical applications:

        "Francis Schaeffer is widely credited with providing the impetus for Protestant evangelical political action against abortion.

        For example, Randall Terry, the founder of Operation Rescue, says: "You have to read Schaeffer's Christian Manifesto if you want to understand Operation Rescue."

        Schaeffer, a longtime leader in Rev. Carl McIntire's splinter denomination, the Bible Presbyterian Church, was a reader of Reconstructionist literature but has been reluctant to acknowledge its influence.

        Indeed, Schaeffer and his followers specifically rejected the modern application of Old Testament law."[29]

        Analyses of Schaeffer as the major intellectual influence on Dominionism can be found in the works of authors such as Diamond[30] and Chip Berlet.[31]

        Other authors argue against a close connection with dominionism, for example Irving Hexham of the University of Calgary, who maintains that Schaeffer's political position has been misconstrued as advocating the Dominionist views of R. J. Rushdoony, who is a Christian Reconstructionist.

        Hexham indicates that Schaeffer's essential philosophy was derived from Herman Dooyeweerd, not Rushdoony, and that Hans Rookmaaker introduced Schaeffer to his writings.[32]

        Dooyeweerd was a Dutch legal scholar and philosopher, following in the footsteps of Neo-Calvinist Abraham Kuyper.

        Congresswoman and 2012 United States presidential candidate Michele Bachmann has cited Schaeffer's documentary series "How Should We Then Live?" as having a "profound influence" on her life and that of her husband Marcus.[33]

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      Notes

      1. ^ a b Biographical Sketch, in Francis August Schaeffer Papers section, at PCA Historical Center. Retrieved 2006-08-26.

      2. ^ Unger, Craig, The Fall of the House of Bush (Scribner, 2007), pp. 67-69

      3. ^ Amazon.com list of works by Edith Schaeffer

      4. ^ a b c Hankins, Barry (2008). Francis Schaeffer and the Shaping of Evangelical America. Eerdmans.

      5. ^ Duriez, Colin; Francis Schaeffer: An Authentic Life (Wheaton, Ill.: Crossway Books, 2008), p. 34

      6. ^ Francis A. Schaeffer, "A Step Forward", The Presbyterian Journal, 6 March 1974, pp.7-8. Retrieved 7 September 2007.

      7. ^ Michael S. Hamilton, "The Dissatisfaction of Francis Schaeffer," Christianity Today, 3 March 1997, Vol. 41, No. 3, Page 22. Reprinted at A Tribute to Mark Heard.. Retrieved 2006-08-25.

      8. ^ Schaeffer, Frank, Crazy for God: How I Grew Up as One of the Elect, Helped Found the Religious Right, and Lived to Take All (or Almost All) of It Back, Da Capo Press, 2007.

      9. ^ Douglas, J. D. Douglas & Philip Wesley Comfort, Editors, Who's Who in Christian History (Tyndale House Publishers, 1992), p. 609; Francis August Schaeffer Papers [Early Ministry] Manuscript Collection # 29 , Box 134, PCA Historical Center .

      10. ^ L. G Parkhurst. "Appendix A: Chronology of the Life of Francis Schaeffer," in Francis Schaeffer: The Man and His Message, Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House Publishers, 1985, pp. 213-215.

      11. ^ Duriez, Colin; Francis Schaeffer: An Authentic Life (Crossway Books, 2008), p. 210

      12. ^ Saxon, Wolfgang, "Rev. Francis A. Schaeffer, 72; Founder Of Spiritual Centers", New York Times, May 17, 1984.

      13. ^ a b Schaeffer, Frank. Crazy for God: How I Grew Up as One of the Elect, Helped Found the Religious Right, and Lived to Take All (or Almost All) of It Back, New York: Carol & Graf Publishers, (September) 2007. ISBN 978-0-7867-1891-7

      14. ^ Os Guinness (March/April 2008). "Fathers and Sons: On Francis Schaeffer, Frank Schaeffer, and Crazy for God". Books & Culture. Retrieved 2008-05-23.

      15. ^ Schaeffer, Francis, "A Review of a Review", in The Bible Today, October 1948, pp. 7-9. Accessed 2006-08-21. Reprinted at PCA Historical Center.

      16. ^ "Evidentialists and Presuppositionalists - J. Budziszewski Replies" by J. Budziszewski, Correspondence section of First Things, May 2000. Retrieved 2006-08-21.

      17. ^ William Edgar, "Two Christian Warriors: Cornelius Van Til and Francis A. Schaeffer Compared," Westminster Theological Journal, Vol. 57, No. 1, Spring 1995, pp. 57-80.

      18. ^ Schaeffer, Francis, "Chapter 9: The Universe and Two Chairs," in Death in the City, Reprinted at Nehemiah's Prayer Watch.. Retrieved August 22, 2006.

      19. ^ Nancy Pearcey, 2004, Total Truth: Liberating Christianity From Its Cultural Captivity, Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books, p. 453.

      20. ^ http://www.ethicsdaily.com/news.php?viewStory=18717

      21. ^ Our Purpose FSI home page. Retrieved 2006-08-26.

      22. ^ Francis Schaeffer, 1982, A Christian Manifesto, (revised edition),Crossway Books. ISBN 0-89107-233-0

      23. ^ Schaeffer, Francis (1982). "A Christian Manifesto.". Retrieved 2005-06-24.

      24. ^ Schaeffer, Francis, A Christian Manifesto, in The Collected Works... Volume 5, pp. 485–86.

      25. ^ Gary North and David Chilton. "Apologetics and Strategy", in Tactics of Christian Resistance: A Symposium, Gary North Ed. Tyler Texas: Geneva Divinity School, 1983, pp. 100–40.

      26. ^ Tim LaHaye, 1980, The Battle for the Mind, Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell, p. 5

      27. ^ Clarkson, Frederick (1994). "Theocratic Dominionism Gains Influence". The Public Eye Magazine VIII (1 & 2).

      28. ^ a b Diamond, Sara (1994). "Dominion Theology: The Truth About the Christian Right's Bid for Power," Z Magazine (column) February 1995. Publiceye.org.29. ^ Clarkson, Frederick. (1995). “Christian Reconstructionism: Theocratic Dominionism Gains Influence.” In Chip Berlet (Ed.), Eyes Right! Challenging the Right Wing Backlash (pp. 59–80). Boston: South End Press. Revised and included in Clarkson, Eternal Hostility. Publiceye.org

      30. ^ Sara Diamond, 1995, Roads to Dominion: Right–Wing Movements and Political Power in the United States, New York: Guilford, pp. 246-249.

      31. ^ Chip Berlet and Matthew N. Lyons, 2000, Right–Wing Populism in America: Too Close for Comfort, New York: Guilford Press, pp. 212-213.

      32. ^ Hexham, Irving, "The Evangelical Response to the New Age," in Perspectives on the New Age, edited by James R. Lewis & J. Gordon Melton, State University of New York Press, Albany, New York, 1992, pp. 152-163, and especially p. 322 Note 16.

      33. ^ Lizza, Ryan, "Leap of Faith: The making of a Republican front-runner", New Yorker Magazine, August 15, 2011.

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      Further reading

      • Boa, Kenneth D., and Robert M. Bowman, Faith Has Its Reasons: An Integrative Approach to Defending Christianity, NAV Press, Colorado Springs, 2001.

      • Burson, Scott R. and Jerry L. Walls. C.S. Lewis and Francis Schaeffer: Lessons for a New Century from the Most Influential Apologists of Our Time. Leicester: InterVarsity Press, 1998.

      • Coward, Harold., Pluralism: The Challenge to World Religions, Orbis Books, Maryknoll, 1986.

      • Cunningham, Stuart, "Towards A Critique of Francis Schaeffer's Thought", Interchange, 24 (1978) pp. 205–221.

      • Dennis, Lane T. (ed) Francis A. Schaeffer: Portraits of the Man and His Work, Crossway Books, Westchester, 1986.

      • Duriez, Colin, Francis Schaeffer: An Authentic Life, Crossway Books, Wheaton, 2008.• Follis, Bryan A., Truth With Love: Apologetics of Francis Schaeffer, Crossway Books, Wheaton, 2006.

      • Fowler, Robert Booth, A New Engagement: Evangelical Political Thought 1966-1976, William B. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, 1982.

      • Hankins, Barry, Francis Schaeffer And the Shaping of Evangelical America, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., Grand Rapids, 2008.

      • Hexham, Irving, "The Evangelical Response to the New Age," in Perspectives on the New Age, edited by James R. Lewis & J. Gordon Melton, State University of New York Press, Albany, New York, 1992, pp. 152–163.

      • Kubsch, Ron (ed.), Wahrheit und Liebe: Was wir von Francis Schaeffer für die Gegenwart lernen können, VKW, Bonn, 2007.

      • Morris, Thomas V., Francis Schaeffer's Apologetics: A Critique, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, 1987.

      • Parkhurst, Louis Gifford, Francis Schaeffer: The Man and His Message, Tyndale House, Wheaton, 1985.

      • Parkhurst, Louis Gifford, Francis and Edith Schaeffer, Bethany House, Minneapolis, (1996)

      • Ramsey, George W., The Quest for the Historical Israel, SCM Press, London, 1982, pp. 107–115.

      • Roper, D. L., "A Sympathetic Criticism of Francis Schaeffer's Writings," Interchange, 41 (1987) pp. 41–55.

      • Ruegsegger, Ronald W. (ed) Reflections on Francis Schaeffer, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, 1986.

      • Schaeffer, Frank, Crazy for God: How I Grew Up as One of the Elect, Helped Found the Religious Right, and Lived to Take All (or Almost All) of It Back, Da Capo Press, 2007.

      • Stadler, G. Thomas, "Renaissance Humanism: Francis Schaeffer Versus Some Contemporary Scholars," Fides et Historia 2 (June 1989)pp. 4–20.

      External links

      • L'Abri Fellowship International

      • The Francis A. Schaeffer Foundation

      • Continuing work of Francis A. Schaeffer

      • Continuing the Legacy and Influence of Francis Schaeffer with New Research and Findings

      • The Francis A. Schaeffer Institute of Church Leadership Development

      • Cybershelter

      • Schaeffer's Papers at the PCA Historical Center

      • The Francis Schaeffer Institute at Covenant Seminary

      • The L'Abri Network, Free Online Biographies on Francis and Edith Schaeffer

      • The Shelter, a site dedicated to the thought and writings of Schaeffer

      • Francis Schaeffer Studies, a site dedicated to the study of the Works of Francis Schaeffer

      • Francis Schaeffer:The Early Years - Free online class from Covenant Seminary

      • Francis Schaeffer:The Later Years - Free online class from Covenant Seminary

      • Schaeffer, Francis (1982). A Christian Manifesto - Lecture based on book.

      • Official Frank Schaeffer website, writer, film director, and son of Francis Schaeffer

      • Frank Schaeffer entry at Orthodoxwiki.org

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