George Washington, TAKES-BOSTON
A MIRACLE of Weather, Providence Provides Victory
…to divert the Enemy’s attention from our real object, we carried them on under cover of darkness and took full possession of those heights [Dorchester Heights, outside Boston] without the loss of a single Man.
Upon their [the British] discovering of it next Morning, great preparations were made for attacking us; but not being ready before the afternoon, and the Weather getting very tempestuous much Blood was saved, and a very important blow (to one side or the other) prevented.
That this Remarkable Interposition of Providence is for some wise purpose, I have no doubt;
but as the principal design of the manoeuvre was to draw the Enemy to an engagement under disadvantages; as a premeditated Plan was laid for this purpose, and seemed to be succeeding to my utmost wish, and as no Men seemed better disposed to make the appeal than ours did upon that occasion, I can scarce forbear lamenting the disappointment.
(as we have since learnt)
However, the Enemy, thinking that we had got too formidably posted before the second Morning to be much hurt by them, and apprehending great annoyance from our Works,
resolved upon a precipitate Retreat, and accordingly embarked in as much hurry, and as much confusion as ever Troops did, the 17th.
Instant, not having got their Transports half fitted, and leaving King's property in Boston, to the Amount, as is supposed, of Thirty, or £40,000 in Provisions, Stores, &c. &c.
WASHINGTON GETS BRITISH ARMS
Many pieces of Cannon, some Mortars, and a number of Shot, Shells, &c. &c. are also left;
Their Baggage Waggons, Artillery Carts, &c. which they have been eighteen Months and more preparing, were destroyed; thrown into the Docks, and found drifted on every Shore. In short, Dunbar's destruction of Stores after General Braddock's Defeat, was but a faint resemblance of what we found here.
The Enemy now lie in Nantasket Road (about 5 Miles below Boston) where and in King's Road, they have been ever since their embarkation. How to account for their stay there, I know not; The Inhabitants of Boston think it is to arrange the lading of the Transports which were thrown in, in such disorder as to render it unsafe to put to Sea 'till a new regulation should take place; others think they mean to pass over the Equinoctial Gales before they put to Sea. But it is a doubt with me whether they may not be waiting an opening (now they have got their whole force collected; no posts to Guard, and as I understand a reinforcement from the West Indies) to retrieve the honour of their Army which seems, in the general Opinion of People here, to have undergone some disgrace in this precipitate Retreat.
They have left all their Works standing on Bunker's Hill &c. and very formidable they are. Boston has shared a much better fate than could possibly be expected; the damage done to the Houses being nothing equal to report. We are now in full possession of the Town and are fortifying the Harbour to prevent a Return, if they should incline to it.
As New York is the most important object they can have in view, on account of its command of Hudson's River leading into Canada, and separating the Northern and Southern Colonies, it appeared necessary for me to take measures to secure it, and, therefore, I detached Six Regiments instantly to that place; and, as soon as I see the Coast clear, shall follow immediately with the rest of the Army, leaving a few Regiments for the security of this Government and for executing such Works as are laid out for the defence of Boston and the Harbour. I am, &c.
[SOURCE: George Washington to his friend, Landon Carter of Sabine Hall Plantation, 3/25/1776, The Writings of George Washington, 4:433-434)].
George Washington Remembers Miraculous Escape by Providence
118. I did not let the Anniversary of the 3d. or 9th. of this Instt. pass off with out a grateful remembrance of the escape we had at the Meadows and on the Banks of Monongahela [in the French and Indian War where he had two horses shot from under him and four bullet holes shot through his Garments!].
the same Providence that protected us upon those occasions will, I hope, continue his Mercies, and make us happy Instruments in restoring Peace and liberty to this once favour’d, but now distressed Country….
[SOURCE: George Washington, to Colonel Adam Stephen, 7/20/1776, The Writings of George Washington, 5:313).
The event Washing remembers is briefly recounted below)
[IV] George Washington's Personal belief in the MIRACULOUS
[Miracle-] "As I have heard since my arriv'l at this place, a circumstantial acct. of my death and dying speech, I take this early oppertunity of contradicting both, and of assuring you that
I now exist and appear in the land of the living by the miraculous care of Providence, that protected me beyond all human expectation; I had 4 Bullets through my Coat, and two Horses shot under me, and yet escaped unhurt..."
Washington also worded the same even this way a little later:
[SOURCE: George Washington - First in a Letter to John A. Washington, July 18, 1755, then reworded slightly a little later].
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