George Washington on CHAPLAIN'S IMPORTANCE Thereof


[1] "…The want of a chaplain does, I humbly conceive, reflect dishonor upon the regiment, as all other officers are allowed.

The gentlemen of the corps are sensible of this, and did propose to support one at their private expense.

But I think it would have a more graceful appearance were he appointed as others are….

[SOURCE: George Washington to Governor Robert Dinwiddie of Virginia, 9/23/1756, The Writings of George Washington, 1:470)].

[2] [W]e set out, and, by 'The Protection of *Providence', reached Augusta Court-House in seven days, without meeting the enemy; otherwise we must have fallen a sacrifice, through the indiscretion of these whooping, hallooing gentlemen soldiers!…

As touching a Chaplain, if the government will grant a subsistence, we can readily get a person of merit to accept of the place, without giving the commissary any trouble on that point, as it is highly necessary we should be reformed from those crimes and enormities we are so universally accused of.

Your Honor has had advice of two spies, that were taken at Fort Cumberland; one of whom they quickly hung up as his just reward, being a deserter; the other was sent to Governor Sharpe [of Maryland], to give information of the infernal practices followed by some of the priests of that province, in holding correspondence with our enemy….

[SOURCE: George Washington to Governor Robert Dinwiddie of Virginia, 11/9/1756, The Writings of George Washington, 1:492, 498-499)].

[3] …A Chaplain for the Regiment ought to be provided; that we may at least have the show, if we are said to want the substance of Godliness!

[SOURCE: George Washington to John Robinson, 11/9/1756, The Writings of George Washington, 1:505)


[4] "When I spoke of a Chaplain, it was in answer to yours. I had no person in view, tho’ many have offered; and only said, if the country would provide a subsistence, we could procure a Chaplain, without thinking there was offence in the expression.

[SOURCE: George Washington to Governor Robert Dinwiddie of Virginia, 11/24/1756, The Writings of George Washington, 1:510)].


[5] "It is a hardship upon the Regiment I think, to be denied a Chaplain."

[SOURCE: George Washington to Governor Robert Dinwiddie of Virginia, 4/29/1757, The Writings of George Washington, 2:33)


[6] "…We shou’d also be glad if our Chaplain was appointed, and that a Gentleman of sober, serious and religious deportment were chosen for this Important Trust!

Otherwise, we shou’d be better without….

[SOURCE: George Washington to Robert Dinwiddie, 6/12/1757, The Writings of George Washington, 2:56)].


[7] "The last Assembly, in their Supply Bill, provided for a chaplain to our regiment, for whom I had often very unsuccessfully applied to Governor Dinwiddie.

I now flatter myself, that your Honor will be pleased to appoint a sober, serious man for this duty.

Common decency, Sir, in a camp calls for the services of a divine, and which ought not to be dispensed with, altho’ the world should be so uncharitable as to think us void of religion, and incapable of good instructions.

[SOURCE: George Washington to John Blair, 4/17/1758, The Writings of George Washington, 2:178)].


[8] The Revd. Mr. John Murray is appointed Chaplain to the Rhode-Island Regiments and is to be respected as such.

[SOURCE: George Washington General Orders, 9/17/1775, The Writings of George Washington, 3:497)


[9] "Having heard that It’s doubtful, whether the Reverend Mr. [Abiel] Leonard from your Colony, will have it in his power to Continue here as a Chaplain, I cannot but express some Concern, as I think his departure will be a loss. His General Conduct has been exemplary and praiseworthy:

In discharging the duties of his Office, active and industrious; he has discovered himself warm and steady friend to his Country, and taken great pains to animate the Soldiery and Impress them with a knowledge of the important rights we are contending for.

Upon the late desertion of the Troops, he gave a Sensible and judicious discourse, holding forth the Necessity of courage and bravery and at the same time of Obedience and Subordination to those in Command.

In justice to the merits of this Gentleman [Chaplain Abiel Leonard of Connecticut], I thought it only right to give you this Testimonial of my Opinion of him and to mention him to you, as a person worthy of your esteem and that of the Public….

[SOURCE: George Washington to Governor Jonathan Trumbull of Connecticut, 12/15/1775, The Writings of George Washington, 4:164)].


[10] "I have long had it on my mind to mention to Congress, that frequent applications had been made to me respecting the Chaplain’s pay, which is too small to encourage men of Abilities.

Some of them who have left their Flocks, are Obliged to pay the parson acting for them more than they receive.

I need not point out the great utility of Gentlemen whose lives and conversation are unexceptionable, being employed for that service in this Army.

[SOURCE: George Washington to the President of Congress, 12/31/1775 (in the handwriting of secretary/aide Stephen Moylan), The Writings of George Washington, 4:197-198)].

[11] "There are two ways of making it worth the Attention of such;

> one is, an advancement of their pay, the other,

> that one Chaplain be appointed to two regiments;

> this last I think may be done without Inconvenience, I beg leave to recommend this matter to Congress, whose sentiments thereon I shall impatiently expect.

[SOURCE: George Washington to the President of Congress, 12/31/1775 (in the handwriting of secretary/aide Stephen Moylan), The Writings of George Washington, 4:197-198)].

[12] "The Continental Congress having been pleased to order, and direct, that there shall be one Chaplain to two Regiments, and that the pay of each Chaplain shall be Thirty-three dollars and one third, pr Kalendar Month—The Revd. Abiel Leonard is appointed Chaplain to the Regiment of Artillery, under the command of Col[.] Knox, and to the 20th. Regiment, at present commanded by Lt. Col[.] Durke

As there can be but fourteen Chaplains under this establishment, to the 28 Regiments (including the Artillery, and Riffle [sic] Regiments) and as preference will be given to those Chaplains who served last Year, provided their conduct, and attendance, have been unexceptionable: The Brigadiers are to enquire [sic] into this matter and with the Colonels, and commanding Officers of the several Regiments, arrange them agreeable to the above direction, and make report thereof that orders, may issue accordingly.

[SOURCE: George Washington] General Orders, 2/7/1776, The Writings of George Washington, 4:307-308).

[13] [91]. The General desires that the Brigadiers, who have not complied with the Orders of the 6th Instant concerning the Ammunition; and that of the 7th respecting the Arrangement of Chaplains; may be informed,26

that he expects an immediate report from them.

[SOURCE: George Washington General Orders, 2/20/1776, The Writings of George Washington, 4:341)

[All Officers, non-commissioned Officers and Soldiers are positively forbid playing at Cards, and other Games of Chance. At this time of public distress, men may find enough to do in the service of their God, and their Country, without abandoning themselves to vice and immorality.

[SOURCE: George Washington General Orders, 2/26/1776, The Writings of George Washington, 4:347)].

[14] As the Troops are to be exempt from all duties of fatigue to morrow [NOTE: No working on the Sabbath], the regiments are to parade on their regimental parades, and to be marched from thence a little before Ten, to Hear Divine Service from their Respective Chaplains.

[SOURCE: George Washington, General Orders, 5/16/1776, The Writings of George Washington, 5:50)

===

[15] WASHINGTON BEGS CONGRESS DOUBLE THE NUMBER OF CHAPLAINS

"I would also beg leave to mention to Congress, the necessity there is of some new regulations being entered into respecting the Chaplains of the Army.

They will remember, that application was made to increase their pay, which was conceived too low for their support.

It was proposed that if, It could not be done for the whole, the number should be lessened and one, Chaplain be appointed to two Regiments and an additional allowance made them on that Account. The Latter expedient was adopted, which, at that time and while the Army continued altogether at one Encampment, answered or at least did not produce any Capital inconveniences;

But the Army now being differently circumstanced from what it then was, part here, part at Boston, and a third part detached to Canada, has Introduced much confusion and disorder in this Instance, nor do I know how it is possible to remedy the Evil, but by affixing one to each Regiment, with a salary competent to their support;

No Shifting, no Change from one Regiment to another, can answer the purpose, and in many cases it could not be done, tho’ the Regiments should consent, as where detachments are composed of unequal numbers, or Ordered from different Posts.

Many more Inconveniences might be pointed out, but these it is presumed will sufficiently shew the defect of the present establishment and the propriety of an alteration. What that Alteration shall be Congress will please to determine.

[SOURCE: George Washington, to the President of Congress, 6/28/1776 (in the handwriting of secretary/aide Robert Hanson Harrison), The Writings of George Washington, 5:192-193)].

===

[16] Congress have made some Alteration in the Establishment of Chaplains, and advanced their Pay; as they have that of the regimental Surgeons, as you will see by their Proceedings, Copies of which in these Instances are also transmitted.

[SOURCE: George Washington, to Major General Artemas Ward, 7/9/1776, The Writings of George Washington, 5:243)].

[17] The Hon. Continental Congress having been pleased to allow a Chaplain to each Regiment, with the pay of Thirty-three Dollars and one third pr month—The Colonels or commanding officers of each regiment are directed to procure Chaplains accordingly; persons of good Characters and exemplary lives—To see that all inferior officers and soldiers pay them a suitable respect and attend carefully upon religious exercises. The blessing and protection of Heaven are at all times necessary but especially so in times of public distress and danger—The General hopes and trusts, that every officer and man, will endeavour so to live, and act, as becomes a Christian Soldier defending the dearest Rights and Liberties of his country.

The Hon. The Continental Congress, impelled by the dictates of duty, policy and necessity, having been pleased to dissolve the Connection which subsisted between this Country, and Great Britain, and to declare the United Colonies of North America, free and independent STATES: The several brigades are to be drawn up this evening on their respective Parades, at Six Oclock, when the declaration of Congress, shewing [sic] the grounds and reasons of this measure, is to be read with an audible voice….

The General hopes this important Event will serve as a fresh incentive to every officer, and soldier, to act with Fidelity and Courage, as knowing that now the peace and safety of his Country depends (under God) solely on the success of our arms: And that he is now in the service of a State, possessed of sufficient power to reward his merit, and advance him to the highest Honors of a free Country.

[SOURCE: George Washington, General Orders, 7/9/1776, The Writings of George Washington, 5:244-245)

WASHINGTON BEGS CONGRESS DOUBLE THE NUMBER OF CHAPLAINS

[18] "I would also beg leave to mention to Congress, the necessity there is of some new regulations being entered into respecting the Chaplains of the Army.

They will remember, that application was made to increase their pay, which was conceived too low for their support.

It was proposed that if, It could not be done for the whole, the number should be lessened and one, Chaplain be appointed to two Regiments and an additional allowance made them on that Account. The Latter expedient was adopted, which, at that time and while the Army continued altogether at one Encampment, answered or at least did not produce any Capital inconveniences;

But the Army now being differently circumstanced from what it then was, part here, part at Boston, and a third part detached to Canada, has Introduced much confusion and disorder in this Instance, nor do I know how it is possible to remedy the Evil, but by affixing one to each Regiment, with a salary competent to their support;

No Shifting, no Change from one Regiment to another, can answer the purpose, and in many cases it could not be done, tho’ the Regiments should consent, as where detachments are composed of unequal numbers, or Ordered from different Posts.

Many more Inconveniences might be pointed out, but these it is presumed will sufficiently shew the defect of the present establishment and the propriety of an alteration. What that Alteration shall be Congress will please to determine.

[SOURCE: George Washington, to the President of Congress, 6/28/1776 (in the handwriting of secretary/aide Robert Hanson Harrison), The Writings of George Washington, 5:192-193)].


[19] Congress have made some Alteration in the Establishment of Chaplains, and advanced their Pay; as they have that of the regimental Surgeons, as you will see by their Proceedings, Copies of which in these Instances are also transmitted.

[SOURCE: George Washington, to Major General Artemas Ward, 7/9/1776, The Writings of George Washington, 5:243)].


COPYRIGHT (c) 1977 Cambridge Theological Seminary

FLAG WAVINGCHAPLAIN-BADGE-WITH-FLAG FLAG WAVING
CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING


FROM: IAIA Accreditation TO: Dr. D. James Kennedy: Can you be as Bold as Him?


FROM: IAIA Accreditation TO: Cambridge Theological Seminary, USA


FROM: IAIA Accreditation TO: Free Ordination-1 by Cambridge Theological Seminary


FROM: IAIA Accreditation, TO: Religious Degrees, Bachelor's, Master's and Doctorate


FROM: IAIA Accreditation, TO: A few Recent Ministry Partners


FROM: IAIA Accreditation,


FROM: IAIA Accreditation, TO: Ministers Main Page


FROM: IAIA Accreditation, TO: Home-Based-Ministry: Serve God, Make Money, Save Taxes


FROM: IAIA Accreditation, TO GENERAL HOME PAGE


FROM United FOR Christ GLOBAL: TO MINISTERS HOME PAGE


Most Important Questions You'll Ever Answer?

Do you understand "Eternal Life as God's FREE GIFT" - Unearned and Undeserved?
"Eternal Life as God's FREE GIFT!"

Do you know FOR SURE that you have Eternal Life: Here & Now?

"Eternal Life: Here & Now FOR SURE!"

In 'VERY FEW MINUTES' ... you can Know for Certain if you're saved ... or not!
In 'TWO MINUTES' - Know if you're Saved or not!

Red-White-and-Blue In-God-We-Trust


Search Web's Most Comprehensive Christian Site

All-Things-Bible, Church, History, Leadership, Psychology, Politics, Science, Health,
Sermon Resources, "Starters", Illustrations & Stories, Humor, Quotes, Sermons (Audio & Print)
From Ancient Rome, Greece & Jewish History to Latest News Headlines!

The Web Ministers-Best-Friend

GOD BLESS AMERICA EAGLE


flag divider

JCSM's Top 1000 Christian Sites - Free Traffic Sharing Service! The BaptistTop1000.com

CAMBRIDGE BOTTOM PAGE