HADITHS

Words, Deeds, Prophet Muhammad:

HEBREW BIBLE SCROLL
STAR and CRESCENT
DEAD SEA SCROLL
STAR and CRESCENT

DOME OF THE ROCK ISLAMIPEDIA HEADER

"Dome of the Rock" Mosque, Jerusalem!

Muhammad's Claimed Ascension Site

Web's Largest Site with "INERRANT BIBLE" Worldview!
STAR and CRESCENTISLAMIPEDIA™STAR and CRESCENT
An Online Religious Worldview Encyclopedia,
Where God's Word is "STILL...INERRANT!"
CHRISTIAN FLAGISLAMIC HADITHS:CHRISTIAN FLAG
The Words and Deeds of Prophet Muhammad:

THE HOME OF
CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVINGONLINE ENCYCLOPEDIAS:CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING
AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN  AMERIPEDIA™   BIBLIPEDIA™   CHRISTIPEDIA™  AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN
(Cambridge Theological Seminary Archives)
STAR and CRESCENT STAR and CRESCENT STAR and CRESCENT

"Welcome to ISLAMIPEDIA!™"

Understanding the World According to "GOD'S WORD",
Understanding Jews, Christians, Muslims: ALL Are of ABRAHAM!"
That ABRAMIC Religions, needing to UNITE AGAINST Atheist Secularism!
Then for Christians CONVINCE Jews and Muslims: Jesus is Christ!
STAR and CRESCENTSKULL and BONES STAR and CRESCENT

"WIKIPEDIA WARNING!"

The Greatest Encyclopedia, by Worldly Standards!
The Most Dangerous Encyclopedia, by Christian-Patriotic Standards!

"WIKIPEDIA (WICKED-PEDIA?) WARNING!"

FACT: Wiki Philosophy: ATHEIST, ANTI-CHRISTIAN, ANTI-BIBLE;
FACT: We Recognize Wikipedia's Great Worldly Success . . . BUT
URGE YOU NOT TO TRUST THEIR ANTI-CHRISTIAN BIAS!

Take a Moment and Check How OUTRAGEOUS!

WIKIPEDIA: ANTI-AMERICA, ANTI-BIBLE, ANTI-CHRIST!
WIKI “TRIPLE XXX-RATED For Your CHILDREN!”
WIKIPEDIA FOUNDER JIMMY WALES, CELEBRATED ATHEIST

CHRISTIPEDIA and AMERIPEDIA

Overtaking
WIKIPEDIA!!!
Want to Help?
(CLICK HERE!)

CHRISTIAN ENCYCLOPEDIA SERIES for Christian-Schools, Students!

STAR and CRESCENT STAR and CRESCENT STAR and CRESCENT

"ISLAMIPEDIA™ RECOMMENDATION!

Use Ameripedia, Biblipedia, Christipedia, Conservapedia and Theopedia:
Medipedia, Islamipedia, Judaeopedia, Politipedia, and NewtonSTein:
For all information where THEISTIC WORLDVIEW MATTERS!"
We recognize WIKI'S status, but URGE you NOT TO TRUST their bias!
"ISLAMIPEDIA™" is a “Trademark” Of NewtonStein Academy,
Of Cambridge Theological Seminary™, American Bible Church;
PLEASE DO NOT INFRINGE!

STAR and CRESCENT STAR and CRESCENT STAR and CRESCENT
The Web
Ministers-Best-Friend

ISLAMIPEDIA™ by NEWTONSTEIN at MINISTERS-BEST-FRIEND.com

Please Visit
TOP-FIFTY ISLAMIPEDIA™ Webpages

[1] ISLAMIPEDIA™ Holy Quran Quotes About JESUS CHRIST, as MESSIAH!

[2] ISLAMIPEDIA™ INTRO to BASIC Muslim Beliefs

[3] ISLAMIPEDIA™ Do Islam, Judaism, Christianity All Teach Monotheism?

[4] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - KORAN (QUR’AN) American Authorized-Version, SURAH-1

[5] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - “SALAH” – Muslim Prayer Principles:

[6] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - The "HADITHS" Defined and Explained:

[7] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Prophet Mohammad, His Last Teaching:

[8] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - “TRUTH of the SWORD” by Ayatollah Khomeini!

[9] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Ayatollah Khomeini, Brief-Bio;

[10] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Ayatollah Khomeini: Beliefs of Theocracy;

[11] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - The Grand Ayatollah Khomeini, Islamic-Hero

[12] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - MAHMOUD AHMADINEJAD: Quotes Against USA, Israel

[13] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Letter to PRESIDENT G. W. BUSH by AHMADINEJAD

[14] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - : OSAMA bin LADEN Quotes Against USA

[15] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Quotes Against USA, Israel & The West

[16] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Islam for Dummies! The Very Basics

[17] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Doctrine of “DISPOSSESSING-DISBELIEVERS WEALTH”

[18] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Muslims, Christians, Jews have in Common?

[19] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Will Islam Conquer USA in a Generation?

[20] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Why Do Muslims love Jesus?

[21] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - A “Seeking Soul” Explores Islam

[22] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - A Comprehensive Islamic-Muslim Site:

[23] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Muslims Converting to Christianity: TRUE?

[24] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Why Muslims REJECT Apostle Paul

[25] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Paul’s Revelation v. Mohammad’s Revelation.

[26] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Obama says MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD SECULAR

[27] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Sayyid Qutb, Leading Islamic Theologian, Egypt;

[28] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD, USA, Their Goals, Their Words;

[29] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Muslim Brotherhood – What You MUST Know, PART-1;

[30] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Muslim Brotherhood –
What You MUST Know, PART-2:

[31] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - OBAMA Supports Muslim-Brotherhood Over Mubarak

[32] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Brookings Institution: Stupid-Statements on Muslim

[33] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Muslim Brotherhood: Scope of Radical Creed;

[34] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - GLENN BECK on Muslim Brotherhood CALIPHATE PLANS!

[35] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Dinesh D’ Souza PART-1: Liberal Left, Radical Islam!

[36] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Dinesh D’ Souza PART-2 - Explains Muslims Hate
Liberal Morals Because They Threaten Islamic Families ["9-11"]

[37] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Dinesh D’ Souza PART-3 - Explains:
Why American Leftists Support Radical Muslims;

[38] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Dinesh D’ Souza PART-4 - Muslims BETTER THAN Liberal Left!

[39] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - American Founding Fathers ‘Muslim War’

[40] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - RISE of Islam in 20th Century!

[41] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Why Muslims Despise American Christians!

[42] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - IDI AMIN A MODEL Mubarak Overthrow 2-11-11?

[43] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - IDI AMIN Uganda Dictator: Brief Bio;

[44] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Muammar Gaddafi Urged PALESTINIAN REVOLT

[45] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - MUBARAK Predicts RADICAL ISLAM for Egypt

[46] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Ground Zero Mosque Imam Accuses USA as EVIL

[47] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Muslim World in CHAOS! IRAQ in Prosperity

[48] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Sharia Law HONOR KILLINGS USA;

[49] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Chronology of ISLAMIC SPLIT: SUNNIS, SHIITES

[50] ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Muslim Democracies Holding Elections

STAR and CRESCENT


WIKIPEDIA "XXX-Rated" For Your Children - Evidence in Pictures!

ISLAMIPEDIA™ - Our Goals, Our Volunteers, WIKIPEDIA, Our Urgency!


This may be the most-important thing you learn this year! We pray you will share with your Friends and family!

STAR and CRESCENT STAR and CRESCENT STAR and CRESCENT
"ISLAMIPEDIA!™"

ISLAMIC HADITHS;

The Inspired Words and Deeds of Prophet Muhammad:

ISLAMIPEDIA™ INTRO:

Will Muslims take over USA and Establish “Sharia Law?”

Only God knows the answer to this question.

However, the extremely sad truth is (devastating, for this writer as a Bible Christian) as follows:

**Many of the things the Muslims DESPISE about the USA, the Bible teaches Christians despise as well!

GREAT TRUTH-1: Look in tour own Bible at the Prophet Isaiah 1:1, 2, 3, 4, Isaiah 1:1-4, who prophesied and WARNED ISRAEL FOR THEIR SINS . . .

    . . . just before God punished and destroyed Israel with war - with great slaughter of death, destruction, rape of women, slavery for young men, and abuse of all . . . taking them into captivity for five generations.


GREAT TRUTH-2: Now read through Isaiah and see that many of ISRAEL-&-JERUSALEM'S SINS, - which made God SO ANGRY, . . . are many of the SAME SINS of

    For more of the Same Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Amos, Joel and Micah also if y9u want a broader, repeated warning)

    . . . Consider an “Americanized Version of Isaiah 1:1-4 where God gives an INTRO to Israel, explaining why He was going to destroy them as a nation:

      "O Ye Sinful Americans: a people legalizing sin instead of outlawing sin as I have Commanded!

      You have legalized that which I have forbidden: drunkeness, abortion, gambling, pornography, pornographic movies and Hollywood, 'No-fault-Divorce', adultery and fornication, and even legalized blasphemy;

      At every level of your society, My 'Name', My 'Word', My 'Day' (The Sabbath), My 'Church', My 'Ministers', My 'People' and 'MY SON' - are Blasphemed! My Christians simply turn a 'Deaf Ear' to this profanity';

      All the while turning a blind eye to near-nudity, nearly-legal prostitution, rampant drug usage, and under-aged-sexual activity and abortion (not to mention greed, pride, materialism, secularism, evolutionism and so much more . . .)

      And now - you are even embracing Sodomy and same-sex-marriage - WELL KNOWING My Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah!

        Do you see why I AM provoked to anger with you?

      Sadly, you are raising your children to be completely corrupted. [America] You have forsaken My Ways, the Ways of your Founding Fathers, and therefore, your whole nation is gone away backward."


Isaiah goes on in chapter three to describe in detail the blatant sexuality of Israel’s women: Isaiah 3:16 begins:

    “Because the daughters of Zion ... with wanton eyes ... their secret parts ..." and on it goes for 10 more verses. (Isaiah 3:16-26)


Thus God explained that because the men of Israel allowed – and even encouraged:

    >> their wives and daughters to look like, talk like, act like and dress like harlots;

    >> and allowed their Children to grow up uncorrected and unrestrained,

    >> that God would punish them by doing the following:

      >> Allow "Children to oppress them" (Crime by youth - gangs of kids - rampant in the streets!)

      >> Allow "women to Rule over them," disdaining and disrespecting the men who have fought every war, manned every police and sheriff’s department, shedding their blood and risking their lives FOR CENTURIES - to keep them safe! (See Isaiah 3:12)

      >> That the men would then fall by the sword (See Isaiah 3:26);


    If Muslims took over USA, most Outward sin would be stopped immediately!

      ***Sadly, when we Americans are fighting for ‘the American way of life’ – we are fighting for:

        >> The 'Right to Sin' publicly, openly, with legal recourse for any Christians or plain decent folk who discriminates against blasphemers!

        >> Gambling Casinos;

        >> Lottery Tickets on every corner!

        >> Homosexual Clubs and public behaviour;

        >> Sodomites openly public;

        >> Sodimites teaching school and leading Boy Scout Clubs;

        >> Sodomites adopting same-sex children;

        >> Child Molesters to go unpunished;

        >> Teens right to buy and drink alcohol;

        >> Teen age of consent ever lower;

        >> Teen prostitution ignored in most major cities;

        >> Public High Schools little more than Godless sex parlors;

        >> Alcohol sold everywhere;

        >> Drug usage simply ignored;

        >> Strip-joints, Nude Dance Clubs, and Nude beaches;

        >> The nearest-to-nude and most revealing of outfits, even for middle school girls;

        >> Prostitution legal in some states and IGNORED by all, the "BACK PAGE of Craig's List" with underage and child prostitution;

        >> Homosexuals running for - and getting elected to public office (Barney Frank!)

        >> The 'Right to Blaspheme' God's Name!"

        >> The right to desecrate the Sabbath, work, shop, mow lawns, whatever!

        >> The LOSS of RIGHT of CHURCHES to speak out on Political Campaigns for office!

        >> GOD taken OUT of schools and basic knowledge!

        >> GOD'S WORD taken OUT of schools and basic knowledge!

        >> PRAYER to GOD taken OUT of schools and basic knowledge!

        >> GOD'S NAME taken OUT of schools and basic knowledge!

        >> JESUS CHRIST ignored by all government and public institution with the NAME OF JESUS mocked by many!

        ***** Is this all the American way of life is about!

        *****NO WONDER GOD IS ALLOWING THE MUSLIMS TO FLOURISH IN THE WESTERN WORLD!


      IF Muslims took over the Wicked, PAGAN USA:

      If the Muslims took over the USA, the sin and the blaspheming would end immediately.

      There would be no more legally approved drunkeness and drug addiction, and same-sex marriage and blatant homosexuality would become “a dead issue” in American politics.

      Girls from grae school age to high-school and college to Moms and Movie Stars of al ages would put some clothes on!

      Isn’t it terribly sad, for us American Christians (too weak and wimpy to stop any sin . . . with most ministers AFRAID TO EVEN SPEAK UP ABOUT IT . . . even list to Joyce or Joel?) . . .

      . . . to think that our beloved American homeland may need conquered by Muslims . . .JUST to “STOP THE LEGALIZED SINS and ABOMINATIONS?" . . .

      . . . how sad and sorry can ewe be?

      It may well be true! It may very well be true!





STAR and CRESCENT STAR and CRESCENT STAR and CRESCENT

MULTI-COLOR THIN BAR DIVIDER
GOLD DIVIDER WITH CROSS CENTER
MULTI-COLOR THIN BAR DIVIDER

CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING CHRISTIAN"AMAZING ETERNAL LIFE FILES!"CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING CHRISTIAN


MULTI-COLOR THIN BAR DIVIDER
GOLD DIVIDER WITH CROSS CENTER
MULTI-COLOR THIN BAR DIVIDER

STAR and CRESCENT STAR and CRESCENT STAR and CRESCENT
GOLD DIVIDER WITH CROSS CENTER

POLITIPEDIA: ANTI-OBAMA MOVIE: "2016!" by Dinesh D-Souza, SMASH HIT!

This is a "Four Part"

Book Preview by Intellectual Dinesh D'Souza:

[1] "CHRISTIPEDIA™" – Dinesh D'Souza, Book Review: "The Enemy at Home!" PART-1;

[2] "CHRISTIPEDIA™" – Dinesh D'Souza, Book Review: "The Enemy at Home!" PART-2;

[3] "CHRISTIPEDIA™" – Dinesh D'Souza, Book Review: "The Enemy at Home!" PART-3;

[4] "CHRISTIPEDIA™" – Dinesh D'Souza, Book Review: "The Enemy at Home!" PART-4;

STAR and CRESCENT STAR and CRESCENT STAR and CRESCENT

More Great Articles on or by Dinesh D'Souza:

[5] Dinesh D'Souza, Intellectual Conservative Genius of the Hour;

[6] Dinesh D'Souza, "STANDING UP for JESUS!" (BRIEF-BIO)

[7] TEA-PARTY-UNITED: Dinesh D-Souza: Intellectual Conservative Hero!

[8] "CHRISTIPEDIA™" – Dinesh D'Souza, Mighty Christian Warrior Bio;

GOLD DIVIDER WITH CROSS CENTER

POLITIPEDIA: ANTI-OBAMA MOVIE: "2016!" by Dinesh D-Souza, SMASH HIT!

STAR and CRESCENT STAR and CRESCENT STAR and CRESCENT



Hadith:

Words and Deeds of Prophet Muhammad:

by NewtonStein, Cambridge Theological Seminary




The "Hadith" are narrations concerning the words and deeds of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.

Hadith are regarded by traditional Islamic schools of jurisprudence as important tools for understanding the Qur'an and in matters of jurisprudence.[2]

Hadith were evaluated and gathered into large collections mostly during the reign of Umar ibn AbdulAziz during the 8th and 9th centuries.

These works are referred to in matters of Islamic law and history to this day.

The two main interpretations of Islam, Shiitiism and Sunnism, have different sets of Hadith collections.


HADITH! Definition;

    In Arabic the word hadith means:

      (a) 'that which is new from amongst things'

      (b) or 'a piece of information conveyed either in a small quantity or large'.

      (c) Hadith also refers to the speech of a person.

    PART of SPEECH: As "tahdith" is the infinitive, or verbal noun, of the original verb form; "hadith" is, therefore, not the infinitive,[3] rather it is a noun.[4]


    In Islamic terminology, basically, the term hadith refers to:

      (1) reports of statements or actions of Muhammad,

      (2) or of his expressed approval of something said or done in his presence.[5]


    Classical hadith specialist Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani says that the intended meaning of hadith in religious tradition is something attributed to Muhammad, as opposed to the Qur'an.[6]

    Other associated words possess similar meanings including:

      >> khabar (news, information) often refers to reports about Muhammad,

      >> but sometimes refers to traditions about his companions and their successors from the following generation;

      >> conversely, "athar" (trace, vestige) usually refers to traditions about the companions and successors, though sometimes connotes traditions about Muhammad.


    The word "sunnah" (custom) is also used in reference to a normative custom of Muhammad or the early Muslim community.[5]This is the forerunner of TRADITION!


Hadith Qudsi

    Hadith Qudsi' (or Sacred Hadith) is a sub-category of hadith, which are sayings of Muhammad.

    Muslims regard the Hadith Qudsi as the words of God (Arabic: Allah), repeated by Muhammad and recorded on the condition of an "isnad".

    According to as-Sayyid ash-Sharif al-Jurjani, the Hadith Qudsi differ from the Qur'an in that:

      *** the former - Hadith - were revealed in a dream or through revelation and are "expressed in Muhammad's words",

      *** whereas the latter - Qur'an - are the "direct words of God".

      An example of a Hadith Qudsi is the hadith of Abu Hurairah who said that Muhammad said:

      "When God decreed the Creation He pledged Himself by writing in His book which is laid down with Him: My mercy prevails over My wrath."[7]


    Hadith Kinds;


    Hadith the first divided in to "Motawater" (related) and "Ahad" (one news).

    "Motawater" (related) is information that reporters are so many the their unitary is never common on lie. Kinds of "Motawater" (related) information (news) are verbal and spiritual.

    The number of verbal related narration are a few, but spiritualrelated narration are a lot. Order of related narration is (Ghateeal-sodor).

    Shiite and Sunnah collected narrations in a collection. One news is (Zanneealsodor).

    [cf Derayatol Alhadith- Ostad Kazenm Modir Shanechy]


    Components


    The two major aspects of a hadith are the text of the report (the matn), which contains the actual narrative, and the chain of narrators (the isnad), which documents the route by which the report has been transmitted.[5]

    The "sanad", literally 'support', is so named due to the reliance of the hadith specialists upon it in determining the authenticity or weakness of a hadith.[8]

    The "isnad" consists of a chronological list of the narrators, each mentioning the one from whom they heard the hadith, until mentioning the originator of the "matn" along with the matn itself.

ORIGIN of the HADITH!

    The first people to hear hadith were the companions of the prophet, who preserved it and then conveyed it to those after them.

    Then the generation following them received it, thus conveying it to those after them and so on.

    Progressive Error, just as the Roman Catholic Church over 1,500 years!

      >> FIRST DEGREE: The Prophet says!

      >> SECOND DEGREE: So a companion of the prophet would say, "I heard the Prophet say...."

      >> THIRD DEGREE: And the Follower of the Companion of the prophet would then say, "I heard a companion say, 'I heard the Prophet say.'"

      >> FOURTH DEGREE: Then the one after him would then say, "I heard someone say, who 'heard a Companion of the prophet say, 'I heard the Prophet say..." and so on. . . .

      >> FIFTH DEGREE THROUGH 29 DEGREES over 1412 years!!![9]


Usage

    The overwhelming majority of Muslims consider hadith to be essential supplements to and clarifications of the Qur'an, Islam's holy book, as well as in clarifying issues pertaining to Islamic jurisprudence.

    Ibn al-Salah, a hadith specialist, described the relationship between hadith and other aspect of the religion by saying:

      "It is 'the science' [REALLY? REPEATING HEARSAY IS SCIENCE?] most pervasive in respect to the other sciences in their various branches, in particular to jurisprudence being the most important of them."[10]

      And - "The intended meaning of 'other sciences' here are those pertaining to religion," explains Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani,

    "Quranic exegesis, hadith, and jurisprudence.


    The science of hadith became the most pervasive due to the need displayed by each of these three sciences.

    The need hadith has of its science is apparent.

    As for Qur'anic exegesis, then the preferred manner of explaining the speech of God is by means of what has been accepted as a statement of Muhammad.

    The one looking to this is in need of distinguishing the acceptable from the unacceptable.

    Regarding jurisprudence, then the jurist is in need of citing as an evidence the acceptable to the exception of the later, something only possible utilizing the science of hadith."[2]


    History of hadith


    Hadith studies

    Hadith terminology

    Biographical

    evaluation

    People of hadith

    History of hadith


    Traditions of the life of Muhammad and the early history of Islam were passed down mostly orally for more than a hundred years after Muhammad's death in AD 632.

    Muslim historians say that Caliph Uthman ibn Affan (the third khalifa (caliph) of the Rashidun Empire, or successor of Muhammad, who had formerly been Muhammad's secretary), was the first to urge Muslims to write the Qur'an in a fixed form, and to record the hadith.

    Uthman's labours were cut short by his assassination, at the hands of aggrieved soldiers, in 656.

    No sources survive directly from this period so we are dependent on what later writers tell us about this period.[11]

    By the 9th century the number of hadiths had sprung up like mushrooms.

    The wide acceptance that many of these traditions were fabricated . . . stimulated the development for assessing Hadith.[12]

    Scholars of the Abbasid period were faced with a huge corpus of miscellaneous traditions, some of them flatly contradicting each other.

    Many of these traditions supported differing views on a variety of controversial matters. Scholars had to decide which hadith were to be trusted as authentic and which had been invented for political or theological purposes.

    To do this, they used a number of techniques which Muslims now call the science of hadith.


TWO BROAD SCHOOLS: Shia and Sunni, differences;
    The Sunni canon of hadith took its final form more than 230 years after the death of Muhammad (632 AD).

    Later scholars may have debated the authenticity of particular hadith, but the authority of the canon as a whole was not questioned.

    This canon, called the six major Hadith collections, includes:

      1- Sahih al-Bukhari,

      2- Sahih Muslim,

      3- Sunan Abu Dawood,

      4- Al-Sunan al-Sughra,

      5- Sunan al-Tirmidhi,

      6- Sunan ibn Majah.


    Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim are considered the most reliable of these collections.[13]

    In Shi'a hadith one often finds sermons attributed to Ali in 'The Four Books or in the Nahj al-Balagha.'

    Shi'a Muslims do not use the six major Hadith collections followed by the Sunni.

    Instead, the Shi'a primary hadith collections are written by three authors who are known as the 'Three Muhammads'.[14]

    They are:

      1- Kitab al-Kafi by Muhammad ibn Ya'qub al-Kulayni al-Razi (329 AH),

      2- Man la yahduruhu al-Faqih by Muhammad ibn Babuya and Al-Tahdhib,

      3- Al-Istibsar both by Shaykh Muhammad Tusi.


    Unlike Akhbari Twelver Shi'a, Usuli Twelver Shi'a scholars do not believe that everything in the four major books is authentic.

    Sunni and Shia hadith collections differ because scholars from the two traditions differ as to the reliability of the narrators and transmitters.

    Narrators who took the side of Abu Bakr and Umar rather than Ali, in the disputes over leadership that followed the death of Muhammad, are seen as unreliable by the Shia; narrations sourced to Ali and the family of Muhammad, and to their supporters, are preferred.

    Sunni scholars put trust in narrators, such as Aisha, whom Shia reject.

    Differences in hadith collections have contributed to differences in worship practices and shari'a law and have hardened the dividing line between the two traditions.


    Hadith studies


    Hadith studies are a number of methods of evaluation developed by early Muslim scholars in determining the veracity of reports attributed to Muhammad.

    This is achieved by analyzing the text of the report, the scale of the report's transmission, the routes through which the report was transmitted, and the individual narrators involved in its transmission. On the basis of these criteria, various classifications were devised for hadith.

    The earliest comprehensive work in hadith studies was Abu Muhammad al-Ramahurmuzi's al-Muhaddith al-Fasil, while another significant work was al-Hakim al-Naysaburi's Ma‘rifat ‘ulum al-hadith. Ibn al-Salah's AD 699;

    Ulum al-hadith is considered the standard classical reference on hadith studies.[5]


    Hadith terminology


    By means of Hadith terminology, hadith are categorized as:

      >> (A) sound-authentic,

      >> (B) weak),

      >> (C) fabricated.

    Other classifications used also include:

      >>(D) "asan" (good), which refers to an otherwise report suffering from minor deficiency, or a weak report strengthened due to numerous other corroborating reports;

      >> (E) "munkar" (denounced) which is a report that is rejected due to the presence of an unreliable transmitter contradicting another more reliable narrator.[15]


    Both sahh and hasan reports are considered acceptable for usage in Islamic legal discourse.

    Classifications of hadith may also be based upon the scale of transmission. Reports that pass through many reliable transmitters at each point in the isnad up until their collection and transcription are known as mutawatir.

    These reports are considered the most authoritative as they pass through so many different routes that collusion between all of the transmitters becomes an impossibility. Reports not meeting this standard are known as aahad, and are of several different types.[5]


    Biographical evaluation


    Another area of focus in the study of hadith is biographical analysis (‘ilm al-rij, lit. "science of people"), in which details about the transmitter are scrutinized.

    This includes analyzing their date and place of birth; familial connections; teachers and students; religiosity; moral behaviour; literary output; their travels; as well as their date of death. Based upon these criteria, the reliability of the transmitter is assessed.

    Also determined is whether the individual was actually able to transmit the report, which is deduced from their contemporaneity and geographical proximity with the other transmitters in the chain.[16]

    Examples of biographical dictionaries include: Abd al-Ghani al-Maqdisi's Al-Kamal fi Asma' al-Rijal, Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani's Tahdhīb al-Tahdhīb and al-Dhahabi's Tadhkirat al-huffaz.[17]


    Western academic scholarship


    Early Western exploration of Islam consisted primarily of translation of the Qur'an and a few histories, often supplemented with disparaging commentary. In the 19th century, scholars made greater attempts at impartiality, and translated and commented upon a greater variety of texts.

    By the beginning of the 20th century, Western scholars of Islam started to critically engage with the Islamic texts, subjecting them to the same agnostic, searching scrutiny that had previously been applied to Christian texts (see higher criticism).

    Ignaz Goldziher is the best known of these turn-of-the-century critics, who also included D. S. Margoliuth, Henri Lammens, and Leone Caetani. Goldziher writes, in his Muslim Studies: "... it is not surprising that, among the hotly debated controversial issues of Islam, whether political or doctrinal, there is not one in which the champions of the various views are unable to cite a number of traditions, all equipped with imposing isnads.

    John Esposito notes that "Modern Western scholarship has seriously questioned the historicity and authenticity of the hadith", . . .

    . . . maintaining that "the bulk of traditions attributed to the Prophet Muhammad were actually written much later."


    He mentions Joseph Schacht as one scholar who argues this, claiming that Schacht "found no evidence of legal traditions before 722," from which Schacht concluded that "the Sunna of the Prophet is not the words and deeds of the Prophet, but apocryphal material" dating from later.[18]

    Contemporary Western scholars of hadith include: Herbert Berg, Fred M. Donner and Wilferd Madelung. Madelung has immersed himself in the hadith literature and has made his own selection and evaluation of tradition.

    Having done this, he is much more willing to trust hadith than many of his contemporaries.

    Madelung said of hadith:

      "Work with the narrative sources, both those that have been available to historians for a long time, and others which have been published recently,

      made it plain that their wholesale rejection as late fiction is unjustified and that with [not without] a judicious use of them, a much more reliable and accurate portrait of the period can be drawn than has been realized so far."[19]

    Harald Motzki said:

      "The mere fact that ahadith and asanid were forged must not lead us to conclude that all of them are fictitious or that the genuine and the spurious cannot be distinguished with some degree of certainty."[19]


    Some Muslim scholars have undergone Western academic training and attempted to mediate between the traditional Muslim and the secular Western view.

    Notable among these was Fazlur Rahman Malik (1919–1988) who argued that while the chain of transmission of the hadith may often be spurious, the matn can still be used to understand how Islam can be lived in the modern world.

    Liberal movements within Islam tend to agree with Rahman's views to varying degrees.


    Western academic literature


    Contemporary Western literature dealing with hadith include:

      * Herbert Berg, The Development of Exegesis in Early Islam (2000)

      * Fred M. Donner, Narratives of Islamic Origins (1998)

      * Wilferd Madelung, Succession to Muhammad (1997)

      * Aisha Y. Musa, Hadith as Scripture (2008)

    See also

      * Criticism of Hadith

      * Ahadith on virtues of Abu Bakr

      * Hadiths on virtues of Umar bin Khattab

    References

    1. ^ "hadith". Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 2nd ed. 1989.

    2. ^ a b Ibn Hajar, Ahmad. al-Nukat ala Kitab ibn al-Salah, vol. 1, pg. 90. Maktabah al-Furqan.

    3. ^ Lisan al-Arab, by Ibn Manthour, vol. 2, pg. 350; Dar al-Hadith edition.

    4. ^ al-Kuliyat by Abu al-Baqa’ al-Kafawi, pg. 370; Mu'assasah l-Risalah. This last phrase is quoted by al-Qasimi in Qawaid al-Tahdith, pg. 61; Dar al-Nafais.

    5. ^ a b c d e "Hadith," Encyclopedia of Islam.

    6. ^ al-Asqalani, Ahmad ibn 'Ali (in Arabic). Fath al-Bari. 1. Egypt: al-Matba'ah al-Salafiyyah. pp. 193. ISBN 1902350049.

    7. ^ Related byal-Bukhari, Muslim, an-Nasa'i and Ibn Majah.

    8. ^ Tadrib al-Rawi, vol. 1, pgs. 39–41 with abridgement.

    9. ^ Ilm al-Rijal wa Ahimiyatih, by Mualami, pg. 16, Dar al-Rayah. I substituted the word 'sunnah' with the word 'hadith' as they are synonymous in this context.

    10. ^ Ulum al-Hadith by Ibn al-Salah, pg. 5, Dar al-Fikr, with the verification of Nur al-Din al-‘Itr.

    11. ^ Roman, provincial and Islamic law, Patricia Crone, p2

    12. ^ Islam – the Straight Path, John Eposito, p81

    13. ^ Muqaddimah Ibn al-Salah, pg. 160 Dar al-Ma’aarif edition

    14. ^ Momen, Moojan, Introduction to Shi'i Islam, Yale University Press, 1985, p.174.

    15. ^ See: * "Hadith," Encyclopedia of Islam Online; * "Hadith," Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim world.

    16. ^ Berg (2000) p. 8

    17. ^ See: * Robinson (2003) pp. 69–70; * Lucas (2004) p. 15

    18. ^ Esposito, John (1998). Islam: The Straight Path. Oxford University Press. p. 67. ISBN 0-19-511234-2.

    19. ^ a b The Succession to Muhammad, page xi.

    Bibliography

    * Berg, H. (2000). The development of exegesis in early Islam: the authenticity of Muslim literature from the formative period. Routledge. ISBN 0700712240.

    * Lucas, S. (2004). Constructive Critics, Hadith Literature, and the Articulation of Sunni Islam. Brill Academic Publishers. ISBN 9004133194.

    * Robinson, C. F. (2003). Islamic Historiography. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521629365.

    * Robson, J.. "Hadith". In P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs. Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. Brill Academic Publishers. ISSN 1573-3912.

    Further reading

    * Brown, J. (2007). The Canonization of al-Bukhari and Muslim: The Formation and Function of the Sunni Hadith Canon. Leiden: Brill, 2007.

    * Juynboll, G. H. A. (2007). Encyclopedia of Canonical Hadith. Leiden: Brill, 2007.

    * Lucas, S. (2002). The Arts of Hadith Compilation and Criticism. University of Chicago. OCLC 62284281.

    * Musa, A. Y. Hadith as Scripture: Discussions on The Authority Of Prophetic Traditions in Islam, New York: Palgrave, 2008. ISBN 0-230-60535-4

    External links A collection of quotations related to: Hadith

    * Hadith Search by keyword and find hadith by narrator.

    * Hadith Advanced Search Search by keyword.






    STAR and CRESCENT

    Jesus did NOT COPYRIGHT His Work!
    Neither does NewtonStein!

      >> MBF.com Text may be FREELY COPIED by ALL WHO BELIEVE IN JESUS AS THE CHRIST! (Under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, US and International LAW).

      >> Please give reference to our WEBSITE as source according to the GOLDEN RULE of JESUS!

      >> No Minister-Best-Friend.com TEXT may be used in ANY WAY FOR PROFIT! JESUS says "FREELY ye have received FREELY GIVE!"

      ** NOTE: Layout, photos, graphics, quotes, books, articles by OTHERS - all such is copyrighted to the owners: MBF.com TEXT IS FREE to Believers who will honor us as the source!

      ** Thank you and MAY GOD GREATLY BLESS YOUR MINISTRY!

    COPYRIGHT (c) 2000 Center for Islamic Studies at Cambridge
    COPYRIGHT (c) 1977 Cambridge Theological Seminary
    COPYRIGHT (c) 1965 Cambridge Bible Institute
    COPYRIGHT (c) 1953 Cambridge World Evangelism
    COPYRIGHT (c) 1945 Cambridge Bible Church

    CAMBRIDGE DARK DARK BLUECAMBRIDGE LIGHT LIGHT BLUECAMBRIDGE WHITE WHITE WHITECAMBRIDGE LIGHT LIGHT BLUE CAMBRIDGE DARK DARK BLUE

flag divider


Could you please share your State of Salvation that we may better serve our readers?

At this time, I do not believe Jesus is the Saviour!

I do believe Jesus is the Saviour; I know I have Eternal Life!

I do not believe it is possible to 'Know in this life' if one has Eternal Life;

In 'VERY FEW MINUTES'...you can Know for Certain if you're saved for CERTAIN ...or not! 1 John 5:13

I want to know with CERTAINLY what God's Word declares:

flag divider

A Second Most Important Question!

Can you explain to a Spouse, a Child or a Friend HOW "Eternal Life as God's FREE GIFT" - Unearned and Undeserved? Romans 6:23

If not, please read "Eternal Life as God's FREE GIFT!"

flag divider

PLEASE, will you name "Ministers-Best-Friend.com" aloud . . .
. . .in Prayer Daily, or as often as you think of us? PLEASE?

flag divider

    DOCTRINAL DISCLAIMER:

    Ministers-Best-Friend.com is an Absolute, Bible-Believing, Christian Ministry, seeking to serve the Ministers who serve the LORD JESUS. As such, we provide web-space to a number of Ministries, notably NewtonStein (a Creation-Science-Based Research Group), as well as AMERIPEDIA, BIBLIPEDIA, CHRISTIPEDIA, CATHOLIPEDIA , ISLAMIPEDIA, JUDAEOPEDIA, TEA-PARTY-UNITED, MEDIPEDIA, ETC., ALL BIBLE-BASED!

    Obviously, all phases of Christianity do not agree doctrinally or politically and sometimes even disagree on the actual facts concerning a particular scripture, fact, leader, nation or situation, hence there are well over 10,000 denominations extant.

      (THAT'S WHY JESUS WARNED US AGAINST GNAT STRAINING!!!)

    We neither claim nor present ourselves as having perfect knowledge in all things. Thus views and articles posted on this website are those of their authors – who often insist their identities, denominational, and/or doctrinal persuasion be made known for various reasons – offered to you as wise people of God - Christian Patriots, whatever your nation - to discern for your own judgement and edification.

    Thus we trust, hope and pray, that ALL BELIEVERS who look to the Lord Jesus ONLY, to the Word of God ONLY, to "His will (ONLY!) being done on this Earth AS IN HEAVEN"

    In the NAME of Jesus Christ Our Lord and Saviour:

    Be Blessed!

GOLD DIVIDER WITH CROSS CENTER



*COPYRIGHT NOTICE**

In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, any copyrighted work in the NewtonStein, Cambridge Theological Seminary is archived here under fair use without profit or payment to those who have expressed a prior interest in reviewing the included information for personal use, non-profit research, and educational purposes only.

Ref. http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml



"Fair Use" Notice:

Contributions from the best scholars in numerous fields are added to Ministers-Best-Friend.com website daily. Such research papers and articles:

    * May not represent the views of Cambridge Theological Seminary;

    * Have not been peer-reviewed by Cambridge Theological Seminary;

    * Being a global ministry of huge proportions - yet of mostly retired volunteers (locally) - it is not possible to "verify" every piece that is submitted to us.

    * There is not - and never has been - any money, checking or savings account, or any other such fund associated with Ministers-Best-Friend.com or Cambridge Theological Seminary.

    * The 1,000,000-plus page archive (1-1-2013) of Ministers-Best-Friend.com may or may not contain a tiny amount copyrighted news/political reporting material whose use may or may not have been authorized by the copyright owners;

    * To the best of our knowledge we believe that this not-for-profit, educational use on the web constitutes a "fair use" of the copyrighted material (as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law).

    * If readers wish to use this copyrighted material for purposes that go beyond "fair use", you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

    * "Fair use" notwithstanding, we will immediately comply with any copyright owner who can show our use of such material is not in compliance with the fair Use law.

    Thank You for your part in the Global Ministry of Ministers-Best-Friend.com - as of 1-1-2013 - in nearly 200 nations, approaching 50,000 associated Bible Believing Ministers and over 30,000 Ministries.

    Editor: NewtonStein






flag divider

JCSM's Top 1000 Christian Sites - Free Traffic Sharing Service!The BaptistTop1000.com
JCSM's Top 1000 Christian Sites - Free Traffic Sharing Service!The BaptistTop1000.com

"God's Goals"

For This World!

Does God Achieve His Goals?
OR, does Satan achieve his goals?

(All Teaching- and Commentary is from "INSPIRED-INERRANT!" View of Scripture!)

The most IMPORTANT "3-QUESTION QUIZ" you'll ever Take?


The Adversary’s Goals:

    SCRIPTURE: "The ‘Devil’ ... walketh about seeking whom he may DEVOUR." I Pet 5:8

    SCRIPTURE:"The ‘Thief’ (Devil) cometh not, but for to steal, to kill and to DESTROY." John 10:10

      QUESTION: Do you Believe Satan the Adversary Succeeds?___ Or Fails?___


God the Father’s Goals:

    SCRIPTURE: "For God sent NOT His Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world though Him might be SAVED! See John 3:16 John 3:17

    SCRIPTURE: "Beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, ... The Lord is ... NOT willing that any should perish, but that ALL should come to repentance. 2 Pet 3:9

      QUESTION: Do you Believe God the Father Succeeds?___ Or Fails?___


God the Son’s Goals:

    SCRIPTURE: "For the Son of Man is come to seek and to SAVE that which is lost!" Luk 19:10 "For I came NOT to judge the world, but to SAVE the world. John 12:47

    SCRIPTURE: "And I, if I be lifted up from the Earth, I WILL DRAW ALL men unto Me." Joh 12:32

      QUESTION: Do you Believe God the Son (Jesus Christ): Succeeds?___ Or Fails?___ center>


God the Spirit’s Goals:

    SCRIPTURE: Jesus declares: "'I ’WILL’' send Him (Holy Spirit) unto you, and when He is come 'He ’WILL’' testify of Me: John 14:26

    SCRIPTURE: "He ’WILL’ reprove the world [convict, convince, correct] of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment: John 16:7

    SCRIPTURE: (1) Of sin, because they believe not on me; ... (2) Of righteousness, because I go to my Father; ...(3) Of judgment, because the 'Prince of this World' IS JUDGED![A] John 16:8-10

      QUESTION: Do you think God the Spirit Succeeds?___ Or Fails?___


      ULTIMATELY, WHO, ACHIEVES THEIR STATED GOALS? GOD or Satan?

      If you believe
    MULTI-COLOR THIN BAR DIVIDER
    GOLD DIVIDER WITH CROSS CENTER
    MULTI-COLOR THIN BAR DIVIDER





    COPYRIGHT (c) 1977 Cambridge Theological Seminary
    COPYRIGHT (c) 1965 Cambridge Bible Institute, NewtonStein



    *COPYRIGHT NOTICE**

    In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, any copyrighted work in the NewtonStein, Cambridge Theological Seminary is archived here under fair use without profit or payment to those who have expressed a prior interest in reviewing the included information for personal use, non-profit research, and educational purposes only.

    Ref. http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml




    flag divider

    "CHURCH USA!

    GOLD DIVIDER WITH CROSS CENTER

    Will You Take "THE BIBLE PLEDGE?"

    (Christians Sending a "Message" to ALL Elected Officials!)

    Many Thousands Already Have: And GOD is "Keeping Track!"!

    (Are you Afraid? Ashamed? Apathetic? Anti-Christ? Or Against God's Authority?)

    "BIBLE PLEDGE!"

      "The BIBLE is the WORD of GOD!

        *HIS ULTIMATE TRUTH!

        *HOLY and UNCHANGING!

        *HIGHEST AUTHORITY on Earth!

      As I UNDERSTAND the BIBLE,

        >> I will NEVER 'GO' against, 'VOTE' against, or 'SPEAK' Against,

        >> The WORD of GOD,

        >> So Help me GOD!

      AMERICAN FLAG WAVING AMERICAN I am a 'CHRISTIAN AMERICAN'!" CHRISTIAN FLAG WAVING CHRISTIAN

        Please "CLICK" the following to Affirm your Commitment as a CHRISTIAN AMERICAN to the Word of God upon the Earth!

      This Christian American BELIEVES in the WORD OF GOD!

    GOLD DIVIDER WITH CROSS CENTER


    flag divider




    FROM: Cambridge Theological Seminary, TO: Dr. D. James Kennedy: Can you be as Bold as Him?


    FROM: Cambridge Theological Seminary, TO: Cambridge Theological Seminary Office, USA


    FROM: Cambridge Theological Seminary, TO: Free Ordination-1 by Cambridge Theological Seminary


    FROM: Cambridge Theological Seminary, TO: Religious Degrees, Bachelor's, Master's and Doctorate


    FROM: IAIA Accreditation, TO: A few Recent Ministry Partners


    FROM: Cambridge Theological Seminary,


    FROM: Cambridge Theological Seminary, TO: Ministers Main Page


    FROM: Cambridge Theological Seminary, TO: Home-Based-Ministry: Serve God, Make Money, Save Taxes


    FROM: Cambridge Theological Seminary, TO GENERAL HOME PAGE


    FROM: Cambridge Theological Seminary, TO MINISTERS HOME PAGE


    Most Important Questions You'll Ever Answer?

    Do you understand "Eternal Life as God's FREE GIFT" - Unearned and Undeserved?
    "Eternal Life as God's FREE GIFT!"

    Do you know FOR SURE that you have Eternal Life: Here & Now?

    "Eternal Life: Here & Now FOR SURE!"

    In 'VERY FEW MINUTES' ... you can Know for Certain if you're saved ... or not!
    In 'TWO MINUTES' - Know if you're Saved or not!

    Red-White-and-Blue In-God-We-Trust


    Search Web's Most Comprehensive Christian Site

    All-Things-Bible, Church, History, Leadership, Psychology, Politics, Science, Health,
    Sermon Resources, "Starters", Illustrations & Stories, Humor, Quotes, Sermons (Audio & Print)
    From Ancient Rome, Greece & Jewish History to Latest News Headlines!

    The Web Ministers-Best-Friend

    GOD BLESS AMERICA EAGLE

    flag divider

    Could you share your State of Salvation that we may better serve our readers?


    At this time, I do not believe Jesus is the Saviour!

    I do believe Jesus is the Saviour and I know I have eternal Life!

    I do not believe it is possible to 'Know in this life' if one has Eternal Life.

    god bless bar

    A Christian Family in Every House, in YOUR Community, in YOUR Lifetime!

    Worth Giving For? Worth Living For? Worth Working For?

    Please name "Ministers-Best-Friend.com" aloud in Prayer Daily? PLEASE?


    DOCTRINAL DISCLAIMER:

    Ministers-Best-Friend.com is an Absolute, Bible-Believing, Conservative Christian Ministry, seeking to serve the Ministers who serve the LORD JESUS. As such, we provides web-space to a number of Ministries, notably NewtonStein (a Creation-Science-Based Research Group), as well as AMERIPEDIA, BIBLIPEDIA, CHRISTIPEDIA, CATHOLIPEDIA, ISLAMIPEDIA, JUDAEOPEDIA, TEA-PARTY-UNITED, TALK-RADIO-REPUBLICANS, ETC., – seeking to be an outlet for many CHRISTIAN CONSERVATIVE VOICES who love the LORD JESUS CHRIST ABOVE ALL!

    Obviously, all phases of Christianity do not agree doctrinally or politically and sometimes even disagree on the actual facts concerning a particular leader, nation or situation, hence there are well over 10,000 denominations extant.

    We neither claim nor present ourselves as having perfect knowledge in all things. Thus views and articles posted on this website are those of their authors – who often insist their identities, denominational, and/or doctrinal persuasion be made known for various reasons – offered to you as wise people of God - Christian Patriots, whatever your nation - to discern for your own judgement and edification.

    In the NAME of Jesus Christ Our Lord and Saviour:

    Be Blessed!



    GOLD DIVIDER WITH CROSS CENTER






    Do You Qualify for
    An Honorary "Doctor of Divinity" from Cambridge Theological Seminary?
    If you believe God's Word as Stated Above:
    Probably!
    (Click for a Free Evaluation!)

    GOLD DIVIDER WITH CROSS CENTER

    "HOW TO"

    Start a Church, HomeSchooling, Bible School, Get Accredited, etc;

    How to Start a Church Legally: PART-1

    How to Start a Church Legally: PART-2 (Background)

    How to Start a Church Spiritually: PART-3

    How to Start a Local Church Ministry: PART-4

    How to Start a Church Legally: PART-5

    How to Name a Church: PART-6

    How to Write a Statement of Faith: Part-7

    How to Name a Church: PART-8
    Why You Should NOT INCORPORATE! (MOST IMPORTANT LEGALLY!)

    How to Start a Church TODAY with immediate Tax-Exemption!
    Just TEN-SURE-&-SIMPLE STEPS! PART-9 (Most Popular!)

    HOW TO DO Church Planting, Part-10

    How to do Church Minutes for Business Meetings: Part-11

    How to know if you are being called to Minister: Part-12

    How to make your Ministry Sales Tax Exempt: TODAY Part-13

    EKKLESIA ARCHIVES: Who Started Your Church? History, Part-14

    HOME-SCHOOLING: How to get Started! TODAY! Part-15

    What Is A "FREE-CHURCH!" - General Background;

    What is a "FREE-CHURCH?" 33-Questions and Answers

    CHURCHES as CORPORATIONS: "IS IT A GREAT SIN?"
    You MUST Understand this Teaching! EYE-OPENING! (Most Important!)

    HOW TO START A CHURCH LEGALLY: TOP-TEN Webpages

    Pulpit Freedom Sunday! Freedom of Speech and Preachers!

    WHY PREACHERS WIN NO SOULS (DO YOU?)

    Home School Your Children: 20-Great-Resaons!

    How To Get Your Christian School or Bible School Accredited By;
    Cambridge Theological Seminary: "CAMBRIDGE! Greatest Name in Education"

    Free Ordination-1 by Cambridge Theological Seminary

    Cambridge Theological Seminary: Religious Degrees, Bachelor's, Master's and Doctorate

    GOLD DIVIDER WITH CROSS CENTER


    rotating star  BRIGHT BLUE & RED rotating star

    "Christians-In-Action!"

    Please Visit TOP-TWENTY-FIVE AMERIPEDIA™ Pages

    flag divider

    [1] "AMERIPEDIA™" - "SARAH PALIN TOP-100 WEBPAGES!"

    [2] "AMERIPEDIA™" – Potential President Marsha Blackburn: TEA-PARTY SUPER-HERO!

    [3] "AMERIPEDIA™" - Ronald-Reagan Files: The Great Communicator

    [4] "AMERIPEDIA™" – Kristi Noem, The New TEA-PARTY-PRINCESS!

    [5] "AMERIPEDIA™" – REAGAN REPUBLICAN Michelle Bachmann for President: 2012 or 2020?

    [6] "AMERIPEDIA™" – “TEA PARTY PRINCESS” - KRISTI NOEM, BRIEF-BIO

    [7] "AMERIPEDIA™" - Barack Obama Files: His Muslim Connections

    [8] "AMERIPEDIA™" - TALK-RADIO-REPUBLICANS HOME PAGE

    [9] "AMERIPEDIA™" - TEA-PARTY HISTORY and BACKGROUND

    [10] "AMERIPEDIA™" - Conservative Activists: "Who's Who in Christian Conservative Politics?

    [11] "AMERIPEDIA™" - SARAH PALIN HOME PAGE: "Winning Big Winning Easy in 2012!"

    [12] "AMERIPEDIA™" - TALK-RADIO-CONSERVATIVES Home Page: For a Judaeo-Christian America

    [13] "AMERIPEDIA™" - The ALL-PRO-ISRAEL-BLOG

    [14] "AMERIPEDIA™" - Sarah Palin Blog: The Webs Largest "Pro Sarah Palin Site!"

    [15] "AMERIPEDIA™" - The "Rush-Recommended Republican Blueprint!"

    [16] "AMERIPEDIA™" - "Rush Limbaugh Quotes" on Christ and Christianity!

    [17] "AMERIPEDIA™" - PNN, "PALIN NEWS-NETWORK”: Her Book Sales Set Records!

    [18] "AMERIPEDIA™" - "TALK-RADIO REPUBLICANS, Michele Bachmann, BRIEF-BIO!"

    [19] "AMERIPEDIA™" - "TALK-RADIO REPUBLICANS, "Republican Power and Catholics!"

    [20] "AMERIPEDIA™" - "Hall of Faith Christian Activist Ministers, 2nd-half 20th Century "

    [21] "AMERIPEDIA™" - "TALK-RADIO REPUBLICANS, "American Bible Catholics!"

    [22] "AMERIPEDIA™" – RUSH REPUBLICANS, HOME-PAGE

    [23] "AMERIPEDIA™" - Reagan Republicans Home Page

    [24] "AMERIPEDIA™" - PRO-LIFE Page

    [25] "AMERIPEDIA™" - Michele-Bachmann, TEA PARTY DARLING Causing “Hysteria-on-the-Left!”


    flag divider


    "CHRISTIPEDIA™"





    "Fair Use" Notice:

    Contributions from the best scholars in numerous fields are added to Ministers-Best-Friend.com website daily. Such research papers and articles:

      * May not represent the views of Cambridge Theological Seminary;

      * Have not been peer-reviewed by Cambridge Theological Seminary;

      * Being a global ministry of huge proportions - yet of mostly retired volunteers (locally) - it is not possible to "verify" every piece that is submitted to us.

      * There is not - and never has been - any money, checking or savings account, or any other such fund associated with Ministers-Best-Friend.com or Cambridge Theological Seminary.

      * The 160,000-plus page archive (1-1-2011) of Ministers-Best-Friend.com may or may not contain a tiny amount copyrighted news/political reporting material whose use may or may not have been authorized by the copyright owners;

      * To the best of our knowledge we believe that this not-for-profit, educational use on the web constitutes a "fair use" of the copyrighted material (as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law).

      * If readers wish to use this copyrighted material for purposes that go beyond "fair use", you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

      * "Fair use" notwithstanding, we will immediately comply with any copyright owner who can show our use of such material is not in compliance with the fair Use law.

      Thank You for your part in the Global Ministry of Ministers-Best-Friend.com - as of 1-1-2011 - in nearly 200 nations, approaching 40,000 associated Bible Believing Ministers and over 30,000 Ministries.

      Editor: NewtonStein






    ASSOCIATION DISCLAIMER

    * Cambridge Theological Seminary USA & Global has no connection or relationship to Cambridge University in England, EXCEPT . . . we in the USA are carrying on their "Christian Values of Hundreds of Years" . . . as they have long since become secular humanists, agnostics and atheists: "Anti-Christ" in almost every way and contrary to every Scripture.

    flag divider

    JCSM's Top 1000 Christian Sites - Free Traffic Sharing Service! The BaptistTop1000.com

    TO FOOTNOTE-1 FOOTNOTE-1

    RETURN TO TEXT; Last term before footnote