King James Homosexual
King James Homosexual, From Earliest Teens to His Death & Burial Tomb!
King James Homosexual:
The Bible, most popularly known by it's King James Translation was ordered into the English language during the early 1600s. The interesting part is King James was 100% certified homosexual.
King James Homosexual, nicknamed affectionately: "Queen James", by his closest subjects including in a official capacity by "Sir Walter Raleigh".
In fact most of the verses that Christians attribute in the bible to be anti-homosexual didn't appear until 1946, when someone came along and revised the King James Version of the bible into modern English.
In fact there are many (about 26 condemnations of homosexuality) in the original Greek New testament with several in the Hebrew texts as well.
It wasn't until about 100 years after the church stopped performing gay marriages that "English" translations stopped deliberately mistranslating the texts to ignore homosexuality.
King James Homosexual, addressing the Privy Council wrote:
"I, James, am neither a god nor an angel, but a man like any other. Therefore I act like a man and confess to loving those dear to me more than other men.
You may be sure, that I love the Earl of Buckingham more than anyone else, and more than you who are here assembled.
I wish to speak in my own behalf and not to have it thought to be a defect,
For Jesus Christ did the same, and therefore I cannot be blamed. Christ had John, and I have George.
James finally died at Theobalds House on 27 March during a violent attack of dysentery, with Buckingham at his bedside.
King James Homosexual, letter to Buckingham wrote:
I naturally so love your person, and adore all your other parts, which are more than ever one man had,
that were not only all your people but all the world besides set together on one side and you alone on the other,
I should to obey and please you, displease you, nay, despise them all.
King James Homosexual, also wrote to Buckingham:
"I desire only to live in the world for your sake,
and I had rather live banished in any part of the world with you,
than live a sorrowful widow-life without you.
And so God bless you, my sweet ... 'wife', and grant that ye may ever be a comfort to [me] your dear ... husband.
King James Homosexual, Francis Osborne, Peer wrote:
In wanton looks and wanton gestures they [James and Buckingham] exceeded any part of womankind.
The kissing them after so lascivious a mode in public and upon the theatre, as it were, of the world,
prompted many to imagine some things done in the tyring house [i.e. attiring or dressing room] that exceed my expression no less than they do my experience.
King James Homosexual, in 1623 French courtier wrote:
"Au marquis du Boukinquan,"
Apollo with his songsDebauched young HyacinthusJust as Corydon fu*ked Amyntas,So Caesar did not spurn boys.
One man fu*ks Monsieur le Grand de BellegardeAnother fu*ks the Comte de Tonnerre.And it is well known that the King of EnglandFu*ks the Duke of Buckingham.
King James Homosexual, buried between two-male lovers in Westminister Abbey
If we make our solemn way thence to the Great Nave of Westminster Abbey, we will come upon the effigy of one of the gayest of monarchs, King James I (1566-1625).
On His Majesty's left is the magnificent tomb of his lover George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham (1592-1628); and on his right is the tomb (with huge bronze figures representing Hope, Truth, Charity and Faith) of his other boyfriend, Ludovic Stuart, Duke of Richmond and Lennox (1574-1624).
For King James Homosexual, he desired a male lover on each side within arms-length, his wife of political expediency nowhere to be found.
Oh, to be so happily flanked for eternity it was written!
King James Homosexual, and His three favorite Male Lovers
James had several "male favorites," but three were the most profound: Esme Stuart, Robert Carr, and George Villiers.
Esme Stuart d'Aubigny
James was only one year old when he was crowned king of Scotland in 1567. At the age of thirteen, King James was approached by his second cousin visiting from France, Esme Stuart d'Aubigny, for the first time.
In spite of being twenty-four years Esme's junior, King James found himself strongly attracted to the Frenchman. That they were cousins did not seem to matter.
King James showered Esme with gifts and political power, making him a member of the Privy Council, Gentleman of the King's Bedchamber, and governor of Dumbarton Castle.
Esme Stuart, King James first homosexual lover, soon became James' biggest political influence.
In 1589, James married Anne of Denmark for political purposes (whim he had never met) and in the years that followed, they had a daughter and two sons. Many historians saw the arrangement as a marriage of convenience, since the couple was never really seen as a loving one.
King James first homosexual went to Esme for his more intimate needs.
As historian Carolyn Bingham noted, "He expected Esme to supply everything that he had always lacked and everything that he was now beginning to need: to be his family, his beloved, his friend, his mentor and counselor, and his constant companion."
It is worth noting that Esme had a family as well: a devout Catholic wife and several children back in France. His wife made several attempts to relocate to Scotland to be with her husband, but they were all denied by King James homosexual.
Furthermore, no records have ever been found of Esme even wanting his wife around complicating matters.
If any type of wall separated these two men, it was religion. Esme was Roman Catholic while James was Protestant. This would soon change however, when Esme converted to Protestantism, to the surprise of his family and countrymen in France. It appeared that Esme turned his back on them.
King James first homosexual saw this act as a statement of their love. He soon named Esme "Duke of Lennox", making him the only duke in Scotland.
As one can imagine, Esme's presence in Scotland caused a great deal of resentment and hostility due to the various gifts and titles he received from young King James homosexual.. Queen Elizabeth of England was weary of Esme since day one, and sent several men to spy on him and his growing affection towards King James homosexual.
The lords who opposed Esme came together in 1582 and waited for their chance to strike. The opportunity presented itself in August of that year, when the men kidnapped King James homosexual as he was returning from a trip.
The conspirators justified holding King James homosexual. by bringing together a lengthy list of charges against Esme, even blaming him for King James homosexuality. This way, they made Esme out to be a corrupter, and that capturing King James homosexual. was an effort to free him. They even moved King James homosexual. to other towns on a regular basis so that he would not appear to be imprisoned.
Despite the conspirator's best efforts, King James homosexual. would not relinquish his love for Esme.
As one of the opposing lords wrote, "Albeit the King is pleased to yield his person to the lords present, yet he keeps his affection still fastened on the duke Esme."
However, the lords insisted that Esme must leave Scotland at threat of death. Captured and overpowered, the young duke complied. The two lovers never saw each other again.
This was a very tragic situation, as King James homosexual, lived in hope of being rescued by Esme, Esme hoped of one day being recalled to Scotland. They exchanged letters in a secret manner, but Esme could not bring together enough troops or devise a plan to free young King James homosexual.
Even if he could, he feared for his own life.
The two lovers wrote to each other until Esme's death in 1583
The truly sad part was that James received Esme's more passionate letters after he died, and King James homosexual did not know of his death until much later.
King James Homosexual and Lover Robert Carr
In March 1603, Queen Elizabeth died, and James was crowned king of England. Within four years, James' marriage to Queen Anne had stagnated.
King James Homosexual met Robert Carr around this time. Carr was a young Scot who followed the king to England. During a festival, Carr fell off his horse and broke his leg. King James Homosexual recognized the former page-boy and astonished onlookers by running onto the field and cradling Carr in his arms.
King James Homosexual saw to it that Carr received the best medical care, and King James Homosexual was always at his side.
Many writers noted Carr to be tall, athletic, handsome, effeminate, and not very bright.
Historian William McElwee wrote that King James Homosexual began to "treat Carr in public with the same exaggerated, gross affection as in private."
King James Homosexual' contemporaries thought he was queer when he was a teenager worshiping Esme - but perhaps had out-grown the homosexual experience. However, when they saw King James Homosexual as a middle-aged man kissing on Carr with his arms around him in public, his homosexual behavior disturbed many.
According to the letters that King James Homosexual wrote to Carr, the homosexual king felt sexually trapped in his unsatisfying "forced-political-marriage" and longed for a more satisfactory relationship.
King James Homosexual began by spoiling Carr with gifts and political power as he did with Esme. The king's eldest son, Prince Henry, strongly disliked Carr and was probably jealous of his relationship with his dad. King James Homosexual, wife Anne was not fond of him either, for obvious reasons.
With the untimely deaths of Prince Henry and James' secretary of state in 1612, a year after King James Homosexual commissioned the translation of the Bible, Carr's political power skyrocketed.
Carr became a Confidential Secretary to King James Homosexual, and eventually the Earl of Somerset. However, Carr fell in love with Frances Howard, Countess of Essex, and on the day after Christmas in 1613, the couple married. James supported the marriage and even paid for the wedding. He was alright with it as long as Carr remembered his obligations to King James Homosexual.
Carr's sexual homosexual relations extended well beyond King James Homosexual. The most notable of these was writer Thomas Overbury. Their relationship was not the smoothest, but in time Overbury knew more state secrets than the Privy Council. King James Homosexual was not having this and in his jealousy, imprisoned him to the Tower of London.
During Overbury's six-month stay at the Tower, from which he would not leave alive, he frequently wrote to Carr, urging his homosexual lover to help him gain release. Overbury's letters rang of frustration and desperation. He even threatened to out their relationship if Carr did not comply.
However, Overbury would die of poisoning in September 1613.
When evidence pointed to Carr and his wife having a part in the writer's murder, the couple was placed under house arrest. During this time, Carr desperately searched for letters to and from Overbury and other documents that might have proven embarrassing or incriminating.
In November 1615, the couple was formally charged in the murder of Thomas Overbury, and six months later the trial was under way. King James Homosexual who was extremely shocked by the whole thing, begged Carr to admit his guilt, to no avail.
To this day, all that is known of Carr's part in the murder was that he was an accessory. His wife Frances admitted her guilt, however.
Nerves were high during the trial, as neither Carr nor King James Homosexual wanted their homosexual affairs to be revealed. Unfortunately for Carr, his letters were read during the trial and it was made known that not only did Carr and Overbury have an affair, but Carr shared state secrets with King James Homosexual.
These letters provided enough evidence to condemn Carr and his wife. Both were found guilty and sentenced to death in May 1616.
The Carrs spent six years in the Tower. Although the couple did not die there, Carr's affair with King James Homosexual did. The letters they exchanged vividly expressed their strained feelings of frustration at each other.
King James Homosexual granted Carr and his wife release from prison in 1622, and they moved out to the countryside where they would spend the rest of their lives.
Two years later, King James Homosexual granted Carr a pardon. Despite their breakup, perhaps James still had some feelings for the former page-boy.
King James Homosexual and Lovers Buckingham and George Villiers
King James Homosexual, his final male favorite was George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham. Actually, King James Homosexual affair with this man ran parallel to the one he had with Carr for some time, as they first met in 1614.
It seemed that King James Homosexual turned to Buckingham for support when others let him down.
With his forced-wife Queen Anne disaffected from him, Carr on trial for murder, and an air of uncertainty surrounding James' relationship with teenage Prince Charles, Buckingham was the only one James thought he could turn to.
Many of the letters these two exchanged over a ten-year period have survived to the present day. In these letters, King James Homosexual often addressed Buckingham as "Sweetheart," and "Sweet child" and "wife," and signed himself "Thy dear dad and husband."
It is quite clear that their homosexual relationship paralleled some modern gay romances in which one partner is significantly older than the other.
Their love intensified when King James Homosexual's forced-wife Queen Anne died in 1619. King James Homosexual fell ill soon after and he knew he would not recover.
Buckingham seldom left his king's bedside, but he was away when King James died in 1625.
Buckingham would be assassinated three years later.
As one can imagine, many have tried to cover up the truth about King James-I. Since he is such an important historic figure, they thought his being homosexual would have marred the image of the British monarchy. Although James' gay relationships were extramarital, political leaders having affairs was nothing new, not even back then.
Besides, he would have certainly divorced Queen Anne if they had lived in the present day.
One question remains, however. Is it the penultimate irony that a gay man has indirectly brought Christianity to the same bigots (of whom consist of only part of Christian thought today) who have oppressed homosexuals throughout the past 400 years and continue to do so?
King James Homosexual Defends his Homosexuality and Accuses Christ!
In 1617, King James Homosexual gave a daring address to the Privy Council, affirming his right to love men once and for all:
"I, James, am neither a god nor an angel, but a man, like any other.
Therefore I act like a man and confess to loving those dear to me more than other men.
You may be sure that I love the Earl of Buckingham more than anyone else, and more than you who are here assembled.
I wish to speak in my own behalf and not to have it thought to be a defect,
for Jesus Christ did the same, and therefore I cannot be blamed. Christ had John, and I have George."
If one were to translate this address into modern English, it would roughly sound like, "This is who I am, this is who I love. Get over it."
Bergeron, David M., King James & Letters of Homoerotic Desire. (p. 32-143).
Bingham, Carolyn., The Making of a King: The Early Years of James VI and I. (p. 129).
Harris, William., An Historical & Critical Account of the Life and Writings of James the First. (p. 73).
McElwee, WIlliam., The Wisest Fool in Christendom: The Reign of James I and VI. (p. 178).
Norton, Richtor., "Queen James and His Courtiers", The Great Queens of History, updated 8 January 200. (p. 129).
Stevenson, Joseph., The Correspondence of Robert Bowes, ed. (p. 185).
King James Homosexual and His Courtiers
Long Live Queen James
While riding through the bustling streets of London from 1603 to 1621, one was liable to hear the shout "Long live Queen James!" King James I of England and VI of Scotland was so open about his homosexual love affairs that an epigram had been circulated which roused much mirth and nodding of the heads: "Elizabeth was King: now James is Queen."
Very few official biographers still tenaciously maintain that there is no "real" evidence that King James Homosexual friendships were merely intimate. The question of whether or not James actually slept with his favourites is dealt with by Lady Antonia Fraser in her biography of King James in an eminently reasonable manner.
"In sexual matters, it is generally better to assume the obvious, unless there is some very good reason to think otherwise." And for Lady Antonia Fraser anti-gay prejudice is no good reason to think otherwise. Her biography is a sympathetic reappraisal of King James Homosexual personality and statesmanship.
She quite simply accepts James's homosexuality and never regards it in itself as a detriment to either himself or his country, though she reasonably regrets that his favourites were not always the wisest of counsellors.
Her assessment that most of King James Homosexual life was a "search to recapture the golden youthful quality of his early passion" for Esmé Stuart, the only bright spot in an otherwise bleak childhood deprived of affection, is probably quite accurate, and she is certainly correct that his dominant quality was "an inability to resist love."
James would have laughed his more prudish biographers to scorn, for, like Oscar Wilde addressing the jury, in 1617 James addressed the venerable Privy Council with an official affirmation of his right to love men:
I, James, am neither a god nor an angel, but a man like any other. Therefore I act like a man and confess to loving those dear to me more than other men. You may be sure that I love the Earl of Buckingham more than anyone else, and more than you who are here assembled. I wish to speak in my own behalf and not to have it thought to be a defect, for Jesus Christ did the same, and therefore I cannot be blamed. Christ had John, and I have George.
What is the background to this astonishingly early defence of homosexual love?
When King James Homosexual was a lean and lanky Scots lad of fourteen, he fell in love with the elegant French courtier Esmé Stuart—Seigneur d'Aubigny, Earl of Lennox. Or, as the Scots chronicler Moysie would delicately put it, "he conceived an inward affection to the Lord d'Aubigne, and entered in great familiarity and quiet purposes with him."
A more fervid clergyman put the matter more bluntly: "the Duke of Lennox went about to draw the King to carnal lust." As with the less royal class of men and boys, I suspect that the princely lad seduced the courtier.
Be this as it may, Lennox, who according to a contemporary description was a man "of comely proportion, civil behaviour, red-bearded, and honest in conversation," brought charming French manners, music, and gaiety into James's austere Highland surroundings.
Whether Lennox loved King James Homosexual for himself or for his royal patronage we do not know, though inevitably there is some fawning in all regal love affairs. Like Sir Francis Bacon much later, Lennox rose to wealth and power and nobility, and inevitably aroused the jealousy of others who coveted his position.
A conspiracy of nobles was formed against him, and in 1582 James was abducted by his would-be protectors, Lennox was ordered to leave the country on pain of death, and the two lovers never saw each other again.
In the meantime, James at least had been able to arrange for George Gordon, sixth Earl of Huntley to marry Lennox's sister Lady Henrietta Stuart in 1588. This marriage of convenience was convenient because it made it easier for Huntley to be elevated to the rank of Captain of the Guard, and he proceeded to lodge himself in the King's own chamber (as bodyguard, of course). Another Scots chronicler, Fowler, commenting on this irregular barracking, concluded that "it is thought that this King is too much carried by young men that lie in his chamber and are his minions."
James was not particularly monogamous, and Fowler adds that "the King's best loved minion" was Alexander Lindsay, Lord Spynie, the boy nicknamed "Sandie" whom James appointed as his Vice-Chamberlain. Another minion of the early 1580s was Francis Stewart Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell, whom James nonchalantly kissed and embraced in public, causing great scandal. After a time, however, Huntley took advantage of the King's kind generosity by plotting to capture and dethrone James—for which he was convicted of treason and executed.
Carr—straight-limbed and cunning
A rather strange episode marks the beginning of James's love for perhaps his most devoted lover, Robert Carr. Carr was a handsome Scots lad who came to England in 1603 to run beside the royal coach as a page-boy. But the masters of court ceremony decided that ordinary footmen would be more fashionable than the ancient custom of running page-boys, so he was packed off to the Highlands with £50 for his journey.
Being a persevering lad, Carr nevertheless returned to London in 1607 to seek his fortune, and during his participation in a festival tilt he fell from his horse and broke a leg. By happy chance—or kind Fate—James was present at the tournament, and recognized the former page, who handily fell off his horse directly in front of the royal box. James ran out to the field—astonishing the onlookers—and tenderly cradled Carr in his arms, withall a touching moment. James ordered the finest medical attention for Carr and often visited his bedside during the recuperation.
After his full recovery, Carr was appointed Gentleman of the Bedchamber. A courtier wrote of their relationship:
The Prince constantly leaneth on his arm, pinches his cheek, and smoothes his ruffled garment. Carr hath all favours; the King teacheth him Latin every morning [and Greek every night?]. I tell you, this Scottish lad is straight-limbed, well-favoured, strong- shouldered, and smooth-faced, with some sort of cunning and show of modesty.
When James himself fell ill with the gout, Carr proved his devotion by personally attending upon his every need and nursed him back to health. James wrote to Carr, "I must confess you have deserved more trust and confidence of me than ever man did."
Although Carr became a wealthy Confidential Secretary to James, and eventually the Earl of Somerset, he never received excessive power, and his love seems to have been quite genuine. Fate hath its reversals, however, and later Carr also fell in love with Lady Frances Howard, and James graciously arranged for their marriage in 1613. Unfortunately Lady Frances conspired towards the murder of Sir Thomas Overbury and many in her circle were implicated, though scholars still are not sure who was guilty besides Lady Frances. Carr was convicted by the courts and sentenced to death, but James issued a royal pardon, and Carr was sent off to the country to spend the remainder of his life in disgrace and semi-poverty.
But James was fickle, and soon found another favourite in George Villiers, whose rise was spectacular. This son of a penniless Leicestershire squire was introduced to James in 1614. It is now believed that their first sexual union took place in August 1615 while they were spending a few days together at Farnham Castle. Many years later, Buckingham wrote to James asking "whether you loved me now . . . better than at the time which I shall never forget at Farnham, where the bed's head could not be found between the master and his dog." Buckingham jokingly called himself James's dog, as in a letter addressed to "Dere Dad and Gossope" (gossip, from godparent, meaning chum) and closing "Your most humble slave and servant and dog Steenie." He began as a royal cupbearer, and became a Viscount in 1616, and the Earl of Buckingham in 1617. His relationship with James resulted in the 1617 moral debate in the Privy Council. Sir John Oglander testified before the Council that
The King is wonderous passionate, a lover of his favourites beyond the love of men to women. He is the chastest prince for women that ever was, for he would often swear that he never kissed any other woman than his own queen. I never yet saw any fond husband make so much or so great dalliance over his beautiful spouse as I have seen King James over his favourites, especially Buckingham.
Despite the remonstrations of the Council, in 1618 Villiers became a Marquess, in 1619 Lord High Admiral, and finally in 1623 the Duke of Buckingham. In 1623 Théophile de Viau (1590- 1626) in France addressed an obscene poem "Au marquis du Boukinquan," relating that
Apollo with his songs Debauched young Hyacinthus Just as Corydon fucked Amyntas, So Caesar did not spurn boys.
One man fu*ks Monsieur le Grand de Bellegarde [a friend of Viau], Another fu*ks the Comte de Tonnerre. And it is well known that the King of England Fucks the Duke of Buckingham.
Buckingham was generally regarded as the most beautiful man in Europe, with his dark chestnut curly hair, a pointed beard of golden brown, clear skin, fine chiselled features, dark blue eyes, and the graceful carriage of the ideal courtier. The King, naturally enough, was George's constant companion, and his love was without qualification, as he says in a letter to Buckingham:
I naturally so love your person, and adore all your other parts, which are more than ever one man had, that were not only all your people [i.e. Frenchmen and relatives] but all the world besides set together on one side and you alone on the other, I should to obey and please you displease, nay, despise them all.
A large number of love-letters from James to Buckingham, extending over a period of nearly ten years, are some of the earliest examples of what might be considered a homosexual literary genre, since most love-letters between men before and since that time have been either destroyed or suppressed. [See my anthology My Dear Boy: Gay Love Letters Through the Centuries.] They are quite worthy of our attention, as is this excerpt from one of the last:
I desire only to live in the world for your sake, and I had rather live banished in any part of the world with you, than live a sorrowful widow-life without you. And so God bless you, my sweet child and wife, and grant that ye may ever be a comfort to your dear dad and husband.
James in these letters commonly addressed Buckingham as "Only sweet and dear child," "Sweet Steenie gossip" (Buckingham was nicknamed after St Stephen, who was reputed to have had the face of an angel), "Sweet heart" and "Sweet child and wife," and signs himself "Thy dear dad," "Thy dear dad and steward," and "Thy dear dad and husband." It seems fairly clear that their relationship parallels modern gay "dad/son" relationships.
There is a great deal more to homosexual love than sex, but since there is also more to it than purely spiritual friendship, it is still necessary to cite contemporary gossip, such as the opinion of a certain Francis Osborne:
In wanton looks and wanton gestures they [James and Buckingham] exceeded any part of womankind. The kissing them after so lascivious a mode in public and upon the theatre, as it were, of the world prompted many to imagine some things done in the tyring house [i.e. attiring or dressing room] that exceed my expression no less than they do my experience.
The Mustering of the MinionsIt is difficult at this distance to assess Buckingham's motives or his personality. He was learned, witty, playful, a skilful (though not diplomatic) politician, and a brave soldier. But he also seems to have been pert, petulant, proud, disdainful—at least according to his enemies, from whom is derived nearly all the biographical evidence about him. There is no clear evidence that his love for James was entirely selfish, and a good deal to suggest that the love was reciprocal, albeit to a lesser degree on Buckingham's part.
It is eqully difficult to assess Buckingham's effect upon the state of the nation, though on the surface his presence beside James seems to have nearly caused a civil war. Like a Ganymede "page of Jove's sweetest nectared carnival," Buckingham inspired James to a series of drunken riotous feasts, and a fair amount of corruption and debauchery. Buckingham not only received high titles and wealth himself, but he raised up his entire family through second-cousins-once-removed, easily ruining anyone who got in his way. What he asked, James granted, and already by 1617 the national debit of England had risen to £726,000. At the same time, however, Buckingham brought about a great deal of reform and efficiency to the government, albeit the centralization placed him at the centre, and modern historians are increasingly recognizing that he quite probably eliminated much more court corruption than he engendered.
Few people in offices of state had the integrity of a Sir Thomas More—then as now—and other members of the nobility would likely have done no better. In fact most of them were so eager to steal James's favour away from Buckingham, solely for motives of self-interest, that they began what was laughingly referred to as "the mustering of minions." Every day some aspiring Lord—notably Sir William Manson—would hire a troup of handsome young ragamuffin boys, scrub their faces clean with curdled milk, curl their hair, powder them and perfume them, dress them in silk and lace, and lead them in dainty procession around the throne in order to seduce the King's favour. Marvellously delighted by this display of prime mignon at first, James quite quickly not only grew weary with surfeit, but realized that he was being made a fool of, and he gave Buckingham orders to clear the court in 1618. This marked the end of the riotous period and the beginning of a period when he would mellow, and, eventually, slide into a state of depression. (Though we must remember that this was a characteristic symptom of the physical disease of porphyria which he almost certainly suffered from, and not merely "psychological.")
In 1619 Queen Anne died, and James himself fell severely ill with the gout. Although he had ceased living with his wife in 1606 or 1607, he nevertheless admired the Queen, and her death, along with what he knew to be an illness from which he would never recover, caused a sort of religious despair and a slight nervous breakdown. During these melancholy days Buckingham daily attended James, and their love deepened intensely. In 1620 James arranged for the political marriage of Buckingham to Lady Catherine Manners, and also, as he noted when he blessed their union, because of his hopes that Buckingham would have offspring soon "so I may have sweet bedchamber boys to play with me."Enigma of the WorldFrom the Privy Council debate in 1617 until 1622, England was in a state constantly verging upon civil war, with James's love for Buckingham being the most visible corruption for the ignorant and the demagogues to attack. James finally decided to dissolve Parliament in 1621, which actually precipitated his own loss of power. The date coincides with the fall of Sir Francis Bacon (who, according to the contemporary Sir Simonds' D'Ewes, was also "intimate" with Buckingham).
To make a painful end short, in 1625 King James died of the gout, grief, and senility. Buckingham was removed from power, and sent on foreign wars. From 1628 to 1640 James's son King Charles himself dissolved Parliament, and tried to rule as an absolute monarch, but in reality he was constantly in danger of being forced to abdicate. Charles was powerless to help when Buckingham, his dear friend and "uncle," was quite falsely accused of treason for having botched a military expedition to France. Buckingham and James were the convenient scapegoats for public miseries which they may have slightly aggravated but certainly did not cause, for they were neither angels nor devils, but men like any other.
In 1628 Buckingham went to Portsmouth to try to pacify mutinous sailors who were clamouring for their pay, and to somehow make amends for the disastrous campaign of La Rochelle which had aroused so much outcry in the country. One man in particular—the disgruntled soldier John Felton—was determined to liberate the nation from this supposed Antichrist.
In one Captain Mason's house on the morning of 23 August 1628, as Buckingham left the breakfast room, Felton leaped forward and stabbed him in the breast. In a scarcely audible voice Buckingham said "The villain hath killed me!" and pulled the dagger out of the wound. He staggered forward a few paces, then collapsed in the hall, with blood gushing from the wound and from his mouth.
Amidst the tremendous uproar of shouts and wailing, Felton proudly boasted his responsibility for the murder. Upon hearing of the calamity, King Charles I sobbed all night, while the London mob exulted savagely and the streets were lit with celebratory bonfires. Felton—though a hero to many—was hanged at Tyburn on 29 November. His body was returned to Portsmouth to hang in chains on the gibbet near modern Clarence Pier; the last piece of this gibbet is supposed to have been enclosed in the obelisk near the pier.
The site of the assassination is Number 10 High Street: the oldest house in Portsmouth. It was recently occupied by a firm of solicitors and not open to tourists, although a plaque above the door commemorates the event. Buckingham died in the prime of life, aged thirty-six; his heart and brain were placed in urns, and buried at the Cathedral of Portsmouth, where there is also a monument to him in the chancel. His body was entombed in the Henry VII Chapel at Westminster Abbey, hitherto reserved for royalty, where it now resides beneath a recumbent bronze effigy near the tomb of his beloved King James. On a tablet facing the tomb is the famous (Latin) inscription describing him as "THE ENIGMA OF THE WORLD."
One of the more curious relics of this enigmatic figure is a series of streets near Charing Cross, London: GEORGE Court, VILLIERS Street, DUKE Street, OF Alley (now York Street), and BUCKINGHAM Street, on property which he sold on condition that the streets be named after him. They mark the site of Buckingham's London residence York House, of which only the Water Gate remains, now an entrance to Victoria Embankment Gardens next to the Embankment underground station. A large slate slab explains its origin.
The magnificent Buckingham tomb is on James's left; on his right is the tomb (with bronze figures representing Hope, Truth, Charity and Faith) of his other lover, Ludovic Stuart, Duke of Richmond and Lennox. King James was responsible for the restoration and remodelling of the Henry VII Chapel—presumably to celebrate for eternity his love for two men.
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Most Important Questions You'll Ever Answer? Do you understand "Eternal Life as God's FREE GIFT" - Unearned and Undeserved? "Eternal Life as God's FREE GIFT!"
Do you know FOR SURE that you have Eternal Life: Here & Now?
"Eternal Life: Here & Now FOR SURE!"
In 'VERY FEW MINUTES' ... you can Know for Certain if you're saved ... or not! In 'TWO MINUTES' - Know if you're Saved or not!
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